Plagiarism & Evaluating websites

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Research papers presentation.

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  • Plagiarism

    Research Papers 2009-2010Ms. Emili

  • Have you everCopied and pasted text from a website without quoting/citing the author?Summarized an authors work by changing a word or two

  • Definition:Plagiarism is: the unauthorized use or close imitation of the language and thoughts of another author and the representation of them as one's own original work (dictionary.com)

  • Two types of plagiarismIntentionalCopying a friends workCutting and pasting blocks of textMedia borrowingUnintentionalCareless paraphrasingPoor documentationQuoting excessivelyFailure to use your own voice

  • Excuses weve heardIts ok if I dont get caught!Everyone does it!I was too busy to write that paper!My teachers expect too much!

  • Just dont do it: reasons whyMajor consequences (grades)Easier to catch than you think!What are you actually learning?Unethical

  • Possible School Consequences:0 on the assignmentParents notifiedDamaged reputationHS/college: possible suspension/expulsion

  • How do I avoid plagiarism?

    Cite as you goCareful note-takingQuotingParaphrasingSummarizing

  • Keeping track of your sourcesWrite down as much as you can BEFORE moving on to next sourceTitle, author, publication city and year, web address, etc.Set up a labeling system: A1, A2, B1, B2

  • QuotingQuotations: exact words of an author, copied word for word. MUST be citedUse them when:Power of the authors words to supportHighlight eloquent passagesDisagreeing with an argumentDONT quote when:You could easily restate in your own wordsBe careful not to over-use

  • ParaphrasingRephrasing the words of an author, putting his/her thoughts in your own wordsRework the sources words, phrases, sentence structures with YOUR OWNChanging one or two words is NOT paraphrasing!

  • Paraphrase whenYou could easily restate information in your own words

    You want to avoid overusing quotations

  • SummarizingPutting an authors/several authors ideas into your own wordsSignificantly shorter than the original idea or quotation

  • Summarize whenEstablishing background information or giving an overview of a topic

    Giving the main ideas of one source

  • As you take notes:Use quotation marks for direct quotes or unique phrases and authors nameMark quotes with a Q

    Paraphrase with the authors name Mark paraphrased segments with a PInclude page numbers and source references so you can go back and check

  • DO NOTCopy text word for word (from a book or copy and paste from online source)Only change one or two words from original textSwitch back and forth between sources without indicating who the author/source is

  • NO!You DO NOT have to cite:Facts that are widely knowncommon knowledge

  • Examples of Common KnowledgeThere are 50 states in the U.S.There are 365 days in a yearThe Titanic sunk after hitting an icebergJohn Adams was the second U.S. President

  • How can you tell?Majority of people know ORCan easily find out from many sourcesEasily findable in an encyclopedia, almanac, state website, dictionary, etc.

  • Remember:Your teacher knows your work!Your teachers discuss student work with each otherYour teacher checks suspicious work against search engines and other student papersWe expect honesty from our students

  • Web Evaluation

  • First things firstEvaluating info is an essential part of researchJust because a site looks goodDifferences between print and Internet sourcesQuality vs. quantityNot all info is good info

  • Print vs. online sourcesWho is the author?Authors qualifications?Editing processCurrency

  • 5 Clues to help youTake the time to do a little detective workUse the 5 Clues to help you decide whether to accept or reject info

  • Clue #1: URLs.com.gov.org.edu.net, or ~ is a PERSONAL webpageAngelfire, Geocities, blogs

  • Clue #2: AuthorWho are they?Who are they associated with? Bias?What are their CREDENTIALS?If you cant answer these questions, DONT USE THIS SOURCEHint: check About page or Google them

  • Clue #3: ContentDoes the information SEEM accurate (based on what you know)?Opinion or fact-based?Spelling or grammatical errors?Look and feel of the page/ads?HINT: does the information match what youve found elsewhere? Verify!

  • Clue #4: CurrencyWhen was the page created?When was it last updated?Do you need time-sensitive info? HINT: Last updated at bottom of page

  • Clue #5: Links and SourcesAre there links to other sites?Did the author cite their sources?HINT: more info or links

  • A note on WikipediaWho is the author?No credentials needed- anyone can create/update a pageWhen can I use Wikipedia???As a starting point, not a sourceTo explore a topic before deciding on itUse their external links: still need to evaluate!!