2. ROMAN ART This period lasted from approx. 100 B.C. to 300 A.D. 3. Roman Architecture One of the Romans biggest contributions was in architecture. The span of their empire was vast, and examples of their architectural style can be seen all over Eastern Europe. 4. Basilicas Were large rectangular buildings constructed to hold large numbers of people. It was often used as a public forum and meeting place. 5. The Pantheon Was a temple built for the Roman gods but eventually became a Christian church. Its main feature is a massive domed roof with a hole in the middle to allow for light. Of course, the rain gets in, but the Romans designed it so that the floor sloped down to the middle and they built a drainage system for the water collected. 6. The Coliseum It was built to house all sorts of sporting events...chariot races and gladiator fights among them. The Coliseum is a great example of the use of arches. Its design allowed it to fill up and empty out in just minutes. 7. Coliseum Just like in the movie, the floor of the Colosseum was lined with trap doors that could be raised and lowered. However, the movie comes shy of the real slaughter that took place. On some occasions, as many as 5,000 pairs of gladiators and 11,000 animals were killed in the event. 8. A Triumphal Arch A heavily decorated arch used by the Romans to celebrate a successful military campaign. Upon return from battle the victorious would march thru the arch in celebration. 9. The Aqueduct System Was a system used by the Romans to bring water down out of the mountains to be used in the city. Gravitational flow and the use of arches in construction help make this system work. This was a major advancement for cities. 10. Roman Recreation The Roman Empire was a wealthy one and recreation was an important part of daily life. The Romans built many structures to support their forms of recreation. 11. The Famous Roman Baths Roman baths were vast enclosed structures that contained libraries, gyms, restaurants, and other forms of leisure. Of course, the most important feature was the bath itself. The bath was a series of pools that went from hot water to cool water. 12. These temperatures were maintained by slaves who worked in the rooms underneath the pools to keep them hot by stoking the fires. You would start in the hot pool and work your way down to the cool pool. Baths were one of the centers of the Roman social scene. 13. Roman Sculpture and Painting Romans were very keen on Greek Art and followed their classical forms. Realism was an important factor in their artwork. 14. Portrait Sculptures The public often commissioned portrait sculptures, and artists strived to create what the person actually looked like. This was in contrast to the Greeks who were more interested in the ideal forms. 15. Mural Paintings Were used to decorate the often-elaborate homes of the Romans. These paintings were not hung on the wall, but painted on the wall for decor. 16. The End.