Final Cut Express 4 User Manual

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<ul><li> Final Cut Express 4 User Manual </li></ul><p> K Apple Inc. Copyright 2007 Apple Inc. All rights reserved. Your rights to the software are governed by the accompanying software license agreement. The owner or authorized user of a valid copy of Final Cut Express software may reproduce this publication for the purpose of learning to use such software. No part of this publication may be reproduced or transmitted for commercial purposes, such as selling copies of this publication or for providing paid for support services. The Apple logo is a trademark of Apple Inc., registered in the U.S. and other countries. Use of thekeyboard Apple logo (Shift-Option-K) for commercial purposes without the prior written consent of Apple may constitute trademark infringement and unfair competition in violation of federal and state laws. Every effort has been made to ensure that the information in this manual is accurate. Apple is not responsible for printing or clerical errors. Note: Because Apple frequently releases new versions and updates to its system software, applications, and Internet sites, images shown in this book may be slightly different from what you see on your screen. Apple Inc. 1 Infinite Loop Cupertino, CA 950142084 408-996-1010 www.apple.com Apple, the Apple logo, DVD Studio Pro, Expos, Final Cut, Final Cut Pro, FireWire, iDVD, iMovie, iPod, iTunes, LiveType, Mac, Macintosh, Mac OS, Pixlet, Power Mac, QuickTime, Soundtrack, TrueType, and Xsan are trademarks of Apple Inc., registered in the U.S. and other countries. Aperture, Apple TV, Cinema Tools, Finder, iPhone, and OfflineRT are trademarks of Apple Inc. AppleCare is a service mark of Apple Inc., registered in the U.S. and other countries. Adobe, After Effects, Photoshop, and PostScript are trademarks or registered trademarks of Adobe Systems Incorporated in the U.S. and/or other countries. Dolby Laboratories: Manufactured under license from Dolby Laboratories.Dolby,Pro Logic,and the double-D symbol are trademarks of Dolby Laboratories. Confidential Unpublished Works, 19921997 Dolby Laboratories, Inc. All rights reserved. Helvetica is a registered trademark of Heidelberger Druckmaschinen AG, available from Linotype Library GmbH. Intel, Intel Core, and Xeon are trademarks of Intel Corp. in the U.S. and other countries. Other company and product names mentioned herein are trademarks of their respective companies. Mention of third-party products is for informational purposes only and constitutes neither an endorsement nor a recommendation. Apple assumes no responsibility with regard to the performance or use of these products. Production stills from the filmKoffee House Mayhem provided courtesy of Jean-Paul Bonjour.Koffee House Mayhem 2004 Jean-Paul Bonjour. All rights reserved. http://www.jbonjour.com Production stills from the filmA Sus Ordenes provided courtesy of Eric Escobar.A Sus Ordenes 2004 Eric Escobar. All rights reserved. http://www.kontentfilms.com 3 1 Contents Preface 25 Final Cut Express 4 Documentation and Resources 25 Onscreen Help 26 Apple Websites Part I An Introduction to Final Cut Express Chapter 1 29 About the Post-Production Workflow 29 The Industry Workflow 30 The Post-Production Workflow Chapter 2 35 Video Formats 35 About Nonlinear and Nondestructive Editing 36 Video Formats Compatible with Final Cut Express 36 Audio Formats Compatible with Final Cut Express 37 Video Format Basics Chapter 3 39 Understanding Projects, Clips, and Sequences 39 The Building Blocks of Projects 43 Working with Projects 47 About the Connection Between Clips and Media Files 49 Filenaming Considerations Part II Learning About the Final Cut Express Interface Chapter 4 55 Overview of the Final Cut Express Interface 55 Basics of Working in the Final Cut Express Interface 57 Using Keyboard Shortcuts, Buttons, and Shortcut Menus 59 Customizing the Interface 63 Undoing and Redoing Changes 63 Entering Timecode for Navigation Purposes 4 Contents Chapter 5 65 Browser Basics 65 How You Use the Browser 66 Learning About the Browser 67 Working in the Browser 69 Using Columns in he Browser 70 Customizing the Browser Display Chapter 6 79 Viewer Basics 79 How You Can Use the Viewer 80 Opening a Clip in the Viewer 81 Learning About the Viewer 83 Tabs in the Viewer 84 Transport Controls 85 Playhead Controls 87 Marking Controls 88 Zoom and View Pop-Up Menus 91 Recent Clips and Generator Pop-Up Menus Chapter 7 93 Canvas Basics 93 How You Use the Canvas 94 Opening, Selecting, and Closing Sequences in the Canvas 95 Learning About the Canvas 96 Edit Overlay in the Canvas 97 Transport Controls 98 Playhead Controls 100 Marking Controls 101 Zoom and View Pop-Up Menus Chapter 8 103 Navigating and Using Timecode in the Viewer and Canvas 103 Navigating in the Viewer and Canvas 110 Working with Timecode in the Viewer and Canvas Chapter 9 113 Timeline Basics 113 How You Use the Timeline 115 Opening and Closing Sequences in the Timeline 116 Learning About the Timeline 126 Changing Timeline Display Options 130 Navigating in the Timeline 131 Zooming and Scrolling in the Timeline Contents 5 Chapter 10 137 Customizing the Interface 137 Changing Browser and Timeline Text Size 137 Moving and Resizing Final Cut Express Windows 139 Using Window Layouts 140 Working with Shortcut Buttons and Button Bars Part III Setting Up Your Editing System Chapter 11 147 Connecting DV Video Equipment 147 Components of a Basic Final Cut Express Editing System 148 Setting Up a Final Cut Express Editing System 149 Connecting Your Camcorder 149 Opening Final Cut Express and Choosing Your Initial Settings 153 Confirming Remote Device Control Between Final Cut Express and Your DV Device 154 About FireWire Chapter 12 155 Determining Your Hard Disk Storage Options 155 Working with Scratch Disks and Hard Disk Drives 156 Data Rates and Storage Devices 156 Determining How Much Space You Need 159 Choosing a Hard Disk 160 Types of Hard Disk Drives 163 Fibre Channel Drive Arrays and RAIDs 164 Storage Area Networks Chapter 13 165 External Video Monitoring 165 Using an External Video Monitor While You Edit 166 Connecting DV FireWire Devices to an External Monitor 167 Using Digital Cinema Desktop Preview 171 About the Display Quality of External Video 171 Troubleshooting External Video Monitoring Problems Part IV Capturing and Importing Chapter 14 175 Capturing Your Footage to Disk 175 Overview of the Capturing Process 177 Overview of the Capture Window 178 Transport Controls 178 Jog and Shuttle Controls 179 Marking Controls 179 Capture Tab 182 Capture Buttons 6 Contents 182 Preparing to Capture 182 Organizing and Labeling Your Tapes 183 Logging Your Tapes 184 Choosing a Filenaming Scheme 184 Determining How Much Disk Space You Need 185 Capturing Individual Clips in the Capture Window 190 Using Capture Now 192 Automatically Creating Subclips Using DV Start/Stop Detection 193 Adding Markers to Clips in the Capture Window 193 Marker Controls in the Capture Window 194 Setting Markers 194 Recapturing Clips 195 Using Capture Project 197 About the Additional Items Found Dialog 198 Finding Your Media Files After Capture 198 Where Are Captured Media Files Stored? 199 Consolidating Media Files to One Folder 200 Modifying a Media Files Reel Name Property 201 Avoiding Duplicate Timecode Numbers on a Single Tape 202 Logging Tapes with Duplicate Timecode Numbers 202 Avoiding Multiple Occurrences of the Same Timecode Number on a Single Tape Chapter 15 205 Importing Media Files into Your Project 205 What File Formats Can Be Imported? 206 Importing Media Files 209 About Importing Video Files 211 About Importing Audio Files 214 Importing Still Images and Graphics Chapter 16 219 Ingesting Media Files 219 About File-Based Media 220 Working with AVCHD Footage 222 Sample Media File Workflow 224 Working with the Log and Transfer Window Chapter 17 233 Working with HDV 233 About HDV 234 HDV Formats Supported by Final Cut Express 234 About MPEG-2 Compression 236 HDV Apple Intermediate Codec Editing Workflow 236 Connecting an HDV Device to Your Computer 237 Choosing an Easy Setup 237 Capturing HDV Video to the Apple Intermediate Codec Contents 7 238 Editing Video Using the Apple Intermediate Codec 239 Outputting HDV to Tape or Exporting to a QuickTime Movie 240 HDV Format Specifications Part V Organizing Footage and Preparing to Edit Chapter 18 245 Organizing Footage in the Browser 245 Using Bins to Organize Your Clips 246 Creating New Bins 247 Opening Bins in the Browser 248 Opening Bins in a Separate Window or Tab 251 Moving Items Between Bins 253 Sorting Items in the Browser Using Column Headings 254 Searching for Clips in the Browser and Finder 254 Revealing a Clips Media File in the Finder 255 About Search Options 257 Searching for Items in the Browser 259 Manipulating Items in the Find Results Window Chapter 19 261 Using Markers 261 Learning About Markers 261 What Can You Do with Markers? 262 Differences Between Sequence and Clip Markers 263 Types of Markers 264 Working with Markers 264 Viewing Markers in the Viewer or Canvas 264 Viewing Markers in the Browser 264 Adding Markers in Clips and Sequences 267 Deleting Markers in Clips and Sequences 269 Navigating with Markers 270 Renaming Markers, Adding Comments, and Changing the Kind of Marker 271 Moving a Marker 272 Aligning Items in the Timeline by Their Markers 274 Extending a Markers Duration 275 Editing Markers into Sequences 275 Exporting Markers with Your QuickTime Movies Chapter 20 277 Creating Subclips 277 Learning About Subclips 280 Techniques for Breaking Large Clips into Subclips 283 Automatically Creating Subclips Using DV Start/Stop Detection 8 Contents Part VI Rough Editing Chapter 21 289 Working with Projects, Clips, and Sequences 290 Working with Projects 290 Working with Multiple Projects in the Browser 290 Choosing Whether the Last Previously Opened Project Opens on Launch 291 Viewing and Changing the Properties of a Project 291 Backing Up and Restoring Projects 293 Learning About the Different Types of Clips 293 Types of Clips 295 Sequences as Clips 295 Viewing and Changing the Properties of a Clip 295 Changing Clip Properties in the Browser 296 Viewing and Changing Clip Properties in the Item Properties Window 297 Changing the Properties of Affiliate Clips 297 Creating and Working with Sequences 297 Creating and Deleting Sequences 299 Opening and Closing Sequences 300 Duplicating a Sequence 300 Copying a Sequence into Another Project 301 Nesting a Sequence 301 Basic Sequence and Timeline Settings Chapter 22 303 The Fundamentals of Adding Clips to a Sequence 303 Creating a Rough Edit 303 Basic Steps Involved in a Rough Edit 304 How Clips Appear in the Timeline 306 Undoing and Redoing Actions 306 Overview of Ways to Add Clips to a Sequence 307 Methods for Adding Clips to Sequences 309 Determining What Parts of Clips You Want in Your Sequence 309 Preparing a Sequence Order in the Browser 309 Sorting to Create a Sequence Order 310 Visually Storyboarding in the Browser Chapter 23 313 Setting Edit Points for Clips and Sequences 313 About In and Out Points 314 Learning About the Out Point Inclusive Rule 315 Things to Keep in Mind When Setting an Out Point 317 Setting Clip In and Out Points in the Viewer 318 Specifying an Edit Point Using Timecode 319 Setting In and Out Points to Include a Whole Clip 319 Reviewing Your Edit Points Contents 9 320 Setting Sequence In and Out Points in the Canvas or Timeline 321 Options for Setting Sequence In and Out Points 326 Setting Sequence In and Out Points 327 Setting In and Out Points to Match a Clip or Gap 328 Setting In and Out Points Based on a Selection in the Timeline 330 Navigating to In and Out Points 331 Moving In and Out Points 332 Clearing In and Out Points Chapter 24 335 Working with Tracks in the Timeline 336 Adding and Deleting Tracks 336 Adding Tracks 338 Deleting Tracks 339 Specifying Destination Tracks in the Timeline 339 Understanding Source and Destination Controls 340 Setting Destination Tracks 341 Changing Source and Destination Control Connections 341 Disconnecting Source and Destination Controls 343 Resetting Destination Tracks to the Default State 344 Locking Tracks to Prevent Edits or Changes 345 Disabling Tracks to Hide Content During Playback 346 Customizing Track Display in the Timeline 346 Resizing Timeline Tracks 349 Saving Track Layouts 349 Creating a Static Region in the Timeline Chapter 25 353 Drag-to-Timeline Editing 353 Overview of the Drag-to-Timeline Editing Process 354 Dragging Clips to the Timeline 355 Doing Simple Insert and Overwrite Edits in the Timeline 358 Automatically Adding Tracks to Your Sequence While Dragging Chapter 26 361 Three-Point Editing 361 Understanding Three-Point Editing 361 Overview of the Three-Point Editing Process 362 Different Ways to Do Three-Point Editing 364 About Edit Types in the Edit Overlay 365 Performing the Different Types of Edits 365 Performing an Insert Edit 367 Performing an Insert with Transition Edit 368 Performing an Overwrite Edit 370 Performing an Overwrite with Transition Edit 371 Performing a Replace Edit 10 Contents 377 Superimposing Clips 380 Three-Point Editing Examples 380 Example: Editing a Specific Clip into Your Sequence 382 Example: Editing a Clip into a Gap in Your Sequence 383 Example: Backtiming a Clip into Your Sequence 385 Example: Editing a Clip with No Specified In or Out Points into Your Sequence Chapter 27 387 Finding and Selecting Content in the Timeline 387 Understanding Whats Currently Selected 388 Identifying Selections in the Timeline 389 How Selections Are Prioritized in the Timeline 389 Direct Methods for Selecting Content in a Sequence 390 An Introduction to the Selection Tools 392 Selecting Clips 395 Selecting a Range of Timeline Content 396 Selecting All Clip Items on a Track 397 Selecting All Items on All Tracks Forward or Backward 398 Selecting or Deselecting All Clips in a Sequence 399 Finding and Selecting Based on Search Criteria 401 Selecting a Vertical Range Between In and Out Points 402 Using Auto Select to Specify Tracks for Selections Chapter 28 405 Arranging Clips in the Timeline 405 Snapping to Points in the Timeline 407 Moving Items Within the Timeline 407 Moving by Dragging 408 Moving Clips Numerically 410 Performing Shuffle Edits 412 Copying and Pasting Clips in the Timeline 412 Copying Clips by Option-Dragging 413 Copying, Cutting, and Pasting Clips in the Timeline 416 Example: Copying and Pasting Audio and Video Clip Items to Different Tracks in the Timeline 417 Deleting Clips from a Sequence 417 Deleting with a Lift Edit (Leaving a Gap) 418 Deleting with a Ripple Edit (Leaving No Gap) 420 Finding and Closing Gaps Chapter 29 423 Cutting Clips and Adjusting Durations 423 Performing Basic Cut Edits 427 Changing the Duration of Clips in the Timeline 428 Opening Sequence Clips in the Viewer to Change Durations Contents 11 Chapter 30 429 Linking and Editing Video and Audio in Sync 429 Linked Sync Relationships Between Video a...</p>