Cloud computing and higher education
My thoughts on cloud computing and higher education as they intersect with institutional, state and federal policies.
1. Cloud Computing: Institutional, State and National Policies David Barber 3/3/2011 2. Summary: Cloud Computing A sourcing strategy requiring effective policy development at the institutional level. Limitations and uncertainties lead to campus policies of selective adoption A policy of demand aggregation at the state or above the campus level can lead to satisfactory cloud services Federal government can promote cloud standards and needs to address legal issues 06/12/11 3. Definitions Cloud According to NIST: a model for enabling convenient, on-demand network access to a shared pool of configurable computing resources Policy According to Dictionary.com: a course of action adopted and pursued by a government Policy isnt just what we prohibit or require it is also how budgets are allocated and used 06/12/11 4. Institutional Policies Cloud computing is a sourcing strategy Every policy applies that would apply to an on campus service Cloud forces awareness and recognition of policies If policies were implicit or undefined before, they become explicit requirements needed to judge service providers 06/12/11 5. Institutional Policies (2) Ohio State Universities list of policies: 06/12/11 6. Institutional Policies (3) Campus expenditures are campus policies Campuses are increasingly adopting cloud computing Adoption is selective and depends both on the application and the provider 60% outsourcing of student e-mail according to the Campus Computing Project but 15% outsourcing of faculty e-mail 06/12/11 7. State Policies Really above the campus collaboration States differ considerably in organization of multiple higher education institutions States have long had a policy of promoting collaboration: Examples: networks and library consortia 06/12/11 8. State Policies (2) With deficits state funding will be limited: California - $28B Illinois - $13B New Jersey - $11B Institutions want to trade cuts for autonomy States are talking about outcomes Demand aggregation will depend on campuses 06/12/11 9. State Policies (3) Opportunities for Collaboration 2010 NASCIO State CIO Survey 06/12/11 10. National Policies Currently Gridlock & impending cuts to key programs NSF, NIST and more A reasonable conclusion: Bill St. Arnauds blog, Feb. 26, 2011: One of the big challenges facing UCAN, as well as universities and R&E networks is the huge indebtedness and near bankruptcy of most governments. The glory days of large dollops of funding from government for R&E networking or basic research are over. 06/12/11 11. National Policies (2) Problems, but with opportunities Federal government spends $80B/yr on IT Federal CIO has set policy of supporting cloud computing and targeted 25% of IT budget for cloud Cloud supported by IT industry groups: 06/12/11 12. National Policies (3) Issues on the horizon Electronic Communications Privacy Act of 1986 Central to privacy in the cloud World has changed since 1986 Will be fault lines between privacy advocates (e.g. the Digital Due Process Coalition) and law enforcement 06/12/11 13. Summary: Cloud Computing A sourcing strategy requiring effective policy development at the institutional level. Limitations and uncertainties lead to campus policies of selective adoption A policy of demand aggregation at the state or above the campus level can lead to satisfactory cloud services Federal government can promote cloud standards and needs to address legal issues 06/12/11 14. Questions? 06/12/11