- 1. UNIT 3: CONTESTED PLANETBRIDGING THE DEVELOPMENT GAPTHE CAUSES OF THE DEVELOPMENT GAPWhat is the nature of the development gap? How has it arisen?I know that the global development gap can be measured by traditionaleconomic indicators (GDP) and broader quality of life indicators(literacy rates, HDI etc).I know that there are a range of theories (Development, dependency,core/ periphery, debt) that can be used to explain the widening gapbetween developed and developing economies.I know that global players and organizations (world bank, IMF, TNCs,governments and NGOs) have differing roles and contrastingperspectives in relation to the development gap.I know that trade and investment play a key role in the developmentgap, and global wealth distributions; the importance of terms of trade,north south divide etc.THE CONSEQUENCES OF THE DEVELOPMENT GAPWhat are the implications of the development gap at different scalesfor the worlds poorest people?I know that the development gap has social, economic, environmentand political consequences for people in the most disadvantagescountries.I know that that the development gap is increasingly problematic indeveloping mega cities, where the growth of the urban poor isincreasing, for example cities such as Nairobi, Bangkok.I know that the development gap often has an ethnic/ religiousdimension such as in South African, East Timor and can be associatedwith migrations, social unrest and new political movements.I know that there are positive and negative consequences forcountries which are developing and reducing poverty; as developmentand the environment are rarely compatible unless carefully managed,for example India or China.
2. REDUCING THE DEVELOPMENT GAPHow might the development gap be reduced and by whom?I know that there are a range of theories and approached thatunderpin attempts to recue the development gap (modernization, neoliberal, Marxist, populist against grassroots approaches) these tend tobe mutually exclusive.I know that aid strategies including top down, capital intensive, tiedaid and government led, contrast with local bottom up approaches interms of funding source, aims, winners and losers.I know that trade, investment and economic growth have a role inreducing the development gap, but this is controversial and there arealternative approaches, for example fair trade.I know that for some, the future of the development gap is a starkone, unless difficult choices are made by a range of players, many ofwhom have conflicting priorities. Dont forget to use www.geogaroundtheworld.blogspot.comregularly for useful extra reading. This is a really up to date topic and has a lot in the news.