3D Teaching, using collaborative digital environment

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3D Teaching and Technology. Collaborative digital Learning environment. Intelligent Agent

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  • 1.3DimensionalTeaching:Evalua4on ForNextGenera4on May Abou Zahra - Universit Acadia may.abouzahra@acadiau.ca MoncefBari-UniversityofQuebecinMontreal bari.moncef@uqam.ca MayAbouZahraandMoncefBari,2010

2. TheNetGenera4on TheICTenvironmenttransformed teachingandlearningexperiences (Abrami,Phillip,2005).Learnersand teachershavetheirownpersonallaptop computerandothermobiletoolssuchas iPodsandPDAs. TheNetGenera4onsexposureto interac4vemediahaspreparedthemfor heterogeneous,distributedsystemsthat characterizetomorrowslearning organiza4ons,buttheys4llneedtolearn theprocessesofinnova/on,crea/vity andcollabora/on(AbramiPhillip (2007)). MayAbouZahraandMoncefBari,2010 3. MayAbouZahraandMoncefBari,2010 73% 74% 75% 76% 77% 78% 79% Instantmessaging Homework,tests Series1 Series1 TheNetGenera/on: U.S.(TheCensusBureau,2003)found that75%ofonlineteensuseinstantmessaging, represen4ngcloseto16millionyouth. 75%=16millionyouth 4. Studentsmayhavedicultywhile readingatextonscreen. MayAbouZahraandMoncefBari,2010 Sourcesofreadingdicul4esformanyreaderscanbe: Thephysicalstrainofscrollingthroughthematerialandthe eyestrainfromthebacklitmonitormakelong-term, concentratedreadingofsubstan4aldigitalmaterialachallenge. It'sfascina+ngtowatchtheslow-mo+onreplayofusers'eyemovementsastheyreadandscan acrossapage.(JakobNielsen'sAlertbox,April17,2006) Textcoherenceandcogni4vetaskscomplexitymayalso representdicul4esforstudent 5. MayAbouZahraandMoncefBari,2010 Theydonothaveskillsandstrategiestorecognizethesedicul4esandtocomeover. Studentsdonotreadtextoncomputer,evenonlaptop, usersdontreadtextthoroughlyinaword-by-wordmanner(JakobNielsen,2009) 6. Solu4on Toautoma4callyassess textreadingdicul4es, andtohelpusbeder understandthescreen readingprocess, acomputersystemis beingdevelopedfor universityandHighschool level. MayAbouZahraandMoncefBari,2010 7. MayAbouZahraandMoncefBari,2010 Thissystemisbased onintelligentagents 8. Agentintelligent MayAbouZahraandMoncefBari,2010 Anintelligentagentmaybedenedasanautonomousobject,oren4ty,which observesandactsuponitsenvironment;itdirectsitsac4vitytowardsachieving goals(RussellandNorvig,2010).Intelligentagentsinteractwiththeirenvironment. 9. Theintelligentagentenvironmentinclude: visualsaspect,video,audioandtextusing a3dimensionsteachingprocess. The3dimensionsteaching processisacomprehensionbased oncogni4vetheories theconstruc4vismPiaget-the modelofobserva4onor modelling(Bandura,1986)and modeloftreatmentof informa4on(FidsandPosner,on 1969)). MayAbouZahraandMoncefBari,2010 10. MayAbouZahraandMoncefBari,2010 3Dteachinglearningprocessallowtobuildapplica4onthatcan challengeprevailingbiasesandpreconcep4onsaboutpeoples Text Pictures Sounds Videos Learning materialCollecting information A n a l y s i s Interpretation Learning process Figure1 11. MayAbouZahraandMoncefBari,2010 Theintelligentagentmayuseknowledgeto achievespecicgoals.Thesekindofen44es originatedfromresearchinar4cialintelligence andmaybeusedwhenautonomousbehavioris needed. 12. MayAbouZahraandMoncefBari,2010 Inourcase,theagent- basedsystemwillmainly followthegoalof providingpersonalized assistancetostudentsfor evalua4ngtheirreading skillsduringscreen readingprocess. Secondarily,thetoolwill helpuscollectresearch dataforenlargingour inves4ga4onofthe screenreadingprocess. Themaingoalisreached byprovidingpedagogical agentswithlinguis4c approachandcogni4ve strategies.Inarststepit willallowevalua4on guidancetothestudents. 13. MayAbouZahraandMoncefBari,2010 Architectureoftheagent-basedsystem Figure2 14. Theprocess Anintelligentagentisassociatedwithastudentand followshimduringthelearningprocessusingan ac4velearningapproach:(seeSilberman,Mr.1996 Ac4veLearning,AllynandSmokedbackbacon, Boston). MayAbouZahraandMoncefBari,2010 Theagentsofthistypeare specializedintextreading evalua4on. Theycombinetheir knowledgeoflinguis4cs approachesandcogni4ve comprehensionlevelsto assiststudents 15. Quiz Eachtextsubmidedforscreenreadingis associatedwithaspecicquiz"assessment" andtheirrelatedanswersthataredeveloped bytheteacher. MayAbouZahraandMoncefBari,2010 Text Quiz solu4on 16. Theassessmentdesignisbasedonlinguis4cs elements,cogni4vestrategiesanddataanalysisfor interna4onaltest(PIRLS). MayAbouZahraandMoncefBari,2010 17. MayAbouZahraandMoncefBari,2010 Text reading Answers automated process analyzing Correct answer movetoahigher cogni4velevelof strategies incorrector incomplete answers, guidethe student Assessmentmode Thisdesignissimilartothatdescribedin Schiano,Garcia,andAmandi(2008) Thestudentanswersare storedinordertohavea historywhichisavailable onrequest. 18. MayAbouZahraandMoncefBari,2010 Comprehension strategies Teachingthe agent Choosing Topics Rules Subject Knowledge Enhancing LearningAgent Thatway,theagentenhancesitsknowledgebase andthestudentsknowledgeisimprovedas shownbyLeelawongandBiswas(2008). Thestudentanswersare storedinordertohavea historywhichisavailable onrequest. 19. Thisapplica4onisan examplethatcanbe usedinasimilarway withdierentgoalsby teachersanddesigners. Manyfacilitatedby technology: Peoplewanttofeelthat theyareac+vewhen theyareontheWeb. Oct.1997Readingonthe Web,Whypeoplescan (JakobNielsen). MayAbouZahraandMoncefBari,2010 Inaworldwherestudents areincreasingly par4cipa4ngindistance learningandinforma4onis sharedelectronically, intelligentagentscanadd valuetopar4cipatory-style teachingapproaches. 20. MayAbouZahraandMoncefBari,2010 Theinterac4onwithanintelligentagentallowsstudentsto prac4celearningstrategiesatdierentcogni4velevels.Inthe mean4me,thisprac4ceislikeacoachingthathelpsstudentto develophigherthinkingskills. Theagent-basedsystemenhancestheinterac4veand proac4velearningprocesses. 21. MayAbouZahraandMoncefBari,2010 Futureperspec4ves: Improvingthestudentsreadingskillsbyallowingthem toteachtheirrelatedintelligentagentsandcrea4ng theirowntestevalua4onreadingskills.... 22. Whenimplementedappropriately,technology toolsarebenecialtostudentslearning,and mayfacilitatethedevelopmentofhigher orderthinkingskills(AbramietAl,2005). MayAbouZahraandMoncefBari,2010 23. May Abou Zahra Acadia University may.abouzahra@acadiau.ca MoncefBari-UniversityofQuebecatMontreal bari.moncef@uqam.ca MayAbouZahraandMoncefBari,2010

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