ADHD - Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder in children

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    22-Feb-2017

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<p>PowerPoint Presentation</p> <p>ADHDAttention Deficit Hyperactivity DisorderADHD is one of the most common childhood disorders and can continue through adolescence and adulthood. Symptoms include difficulty staying focused and paying attention, difficulty controlling behavior, and hyperactivity (over-activity).</p> <p>Largest Chain of Homeopathy clinics in Gujarat. Visit us at: http://www.anubhutihomeo.org</p> <p>ADHD</p> <p>ADHD is a condition that reduces ability to focus and pay attention in childrenChildren with ADHD are restless and easily distracted. This makes it difficult to stay "on task," whether it's listening to a teacher or finishing a chore. The studies have found that there are 5-12% affected children in India and it is more prevalent among boys than the girls</p> <p>ADHD SymptomsInattention</p> <p>The main symptom of ADHD is the inability to pay attention. Kids may have trouble listening to a speaker, following directions, finishing tasks, or keeping track of personal items. They may daydream often and make careless mistakes. Children with ADHD tend to avoid activities that require sustained concentration or that might be boring</p> <p>ADHD SymptomsHyperactivity</p> <p>Another sign of ADHD can be the inability to sit still.Children may run and climb on things constantly, even when indoors. When they are seated, they tend to squirm, fidget, or bounce. Some children with ADHD talk excessively and find it difficult to play quietly.</p> <p>ADHD SymptomsImpulsiveness</p> <p>Another symptom is impulsiveness -- cutting in line, interrupting others, or blurting out answers before the teacher finishes a question. This aspect of ADHD makes it difficult for children to wait their turn or think before they act.</p> <p>ADHD's Impact on Daily LifeIF treatment is not given, ADHD can affect a child's development socially and academically. The inability to focus often leads to poor performance in school. Kids who interrupt or cut in line may have trouble making and keeping friends. These setbacks can lead to low self-esteem and risky behaviours. ADHD also increases the risk of childhood depression and anxiety disorders.</p> <p>Causes of ADHD</p> <p>Children with ADHD have less activity in areas of the brain that control attention. They may also have imbalances in brain chemicals called neurotransmitters. It's unclear what causes these irregularities, but ADHD runs in families, so many experts believe genetics play a role.</p> <p>Diagnosing ADHD</p> <p>There are no lab tests for ADHD. Instead, doctors rely on the patient's response to questions, the family's description of behavior problems, and a school assessment. With ADHD, a child must display some combination of inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity for at least 6 months. Symptoms must have appeared by age 12.</p> <p>Three Types of ADHDCombined type is the most common and applies to children who display inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsiveness. In the hyperactive/impulsive type, children are fidgety and can't control their impulses. Kids with the inattentive type, formerly called attention deficit disorder, have trouble focusing. But they are not overly active and usually don't disrupt the classroom.</p> <p>Counselling for ADHDCounseling can help a child with ADHD learn to handle frustrations and build self-esteem. It can also provide parents with supportive strategies.A specific type of therapy, called social skills training, can help kids improve at taking turns and sharing.Studies show that long-term treatment with a combination of drugs and behavioural therapy is more effective than medication alone.</p> <p>Special Education for ADHDMost children with ADHD are educated in standard classrooms, but some do better in a more structured environment. Special education is a type of schooling that is tailored to meet the specific needs of children with learning disabilities or behavioural disorders. Not all children with ADHD require/ qualifyfor special education.</p> <p>Defining RoutineParents can give kids more structure at home by laying out clear routines. Posting a daily schedule will remind your child of what he or she is supposed to be doing at any given time. This can help a child with ADHD stay on task. The schedule should include specific times for waking up, eating, playing, homework, chores, activities, and bedtime.</p> <p>Diets for ADHDStudies on ADHD diets have had mixed results, but some health experts believe foods that are good for the brain could reduce symptoms of ADHD. High-protein foods, including eggs, meat, beans, and nuts, may improve concentration. It might also be helpful to replace simple carbs, like candy and white bread, with complex carbs, like pears and whole-grain bread. Talk to your pediatrician before making any dramatic changes to your child's diet.</p> <p>Preventing ADHDThere is no sure-fire way to prevent ADHD in children, but there are steps you can take to reduce the risk.You can increase your chance of your child not having ADHD by staying healthy during pregnancy.Start by avoiding alcohol, drugs, and tobacco during pregnancy. Children whose mothers smoked during pregnancy are twice as likely to develop ADHD.</p> <p>Outlook for Children With ADHDWith treatment, a large majority of children with ADHD improve. They should continue to undergo regular follow-up since many kids grow out of the disorder as they get older. But more than half of patients continue experiencing symptoms once they reach adulthood.</p> <p>Misconceptions about ADHDOnce it was believed that poor environment might be a cause of ADHD but research has proven it wrong.Another theory was that refined sugar and food additives make children hyperactive and inattentive; however restricted diet seemed to help only 5% children with ADHD.Also ADHD cant be linked to too much TV or food allergies or poor schools. </p> <p>Homeopathy in ADHDHomeopathy is one of the most popular holistic systems of medicine. The selection of medicine is based upon the theory of individualization and symptoms similarity by using holistic approach. Homeopathy not only treat ADHD symptoms but addresses its underlying cause and individual susceptibility.</p>

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