Understanding and avoiding plagiarism

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Avoid Plagiarism by Taking Good Research Notes

Understanding & Avoiding Plagiarism

What is Plagiarism? Plagiarism is the act of presenting the words, ideas, images, sounds, or other creative expression of others as your own. If you have

included, copied, or downloaded the words and ideas of others into your work and neglected to distinguish them from your own ideas and words and cite them,

turned in someone elses work under your name,had help you wouldnt want your teacher to know about,

you have probably plagiarized!

Plagiarism is not just copying words, it is also using another authors sentence and paragraph structure for your work, even if you change some of the wordscopying images from the internet and using them in your work without citing them using anything but common knowledge in your work without citing it failing to use quotation marks when you do copy, even if the material is cited

Real World Examples of Plagiarism


4Avoid Plagiarism: Always Cite Your Sources A source can be many different things: an image, a book, a website, a song, a database, an interview, a video, a magazine, etc. As soon as you decide to use a source, record the citation informationFor each source, you will generally be including information about the author(s)/contributor(s), title(s), publishers, dates, and medium (web or print). For each source, create one bibliography/works cited entryUse a program such as NoodleTools to make it easier to keep track of your sources.Avoid Plagiarism: Take Good Research Notes

Take notes using a variety of methods: summary, paraphrase, and quotation. Develop a consistent method to connect a note to its citation information. Write key words or topics to describe your notes. This is best done after writing the notes. Record only information that seems important for your purpose. Be accurate: double check facts, statistics, spelling of names and key words, and quotations. Enclose direct quotations in quotation marks and include the speaker's name, if the speaker is not the author of the work. Use brackets [ ] to change or add words to a quotation or ellipsis (...) to leave words out of a quotation. Write page numbers for print sources

Avoid plagiarism: Summary, paraphrase, quotationSummaryconcise notes and information put in own words; contains only main points and ideas; much shorter than original source. Paraphrasenotes written in own words in more detail than a summary. Using bullet points, short phrases, and lists can be helpful in paraphrasing. Note: copying words and phrases and just changing or leaving some words out is not paraphrasing. Quotationword for word notes from original source; enclose in quotation marks. Use sparingly.

SummaryMain ideas only, much shorter than original, in own wordsTip: Use the title to help focus on the main ideas

Original article Words: 590 Chars: 2996The public cost of low-wage jobs

Summary of article: Words: 130 Chars: 644

The authorsdiscuss their report entitled "Fast Food, Poverty Wages: The Public Cost of Low-Wage Jobs in the Fast-Food Industry." This report shows how low-wage jobs in the fast food industry causes workers to rely on government assistance in order to survive.They found that the fast-food industry tends to paypoverty level wagesandoffervery few benefits, which is not enough for people to pay for basic needs like food, health care, and rent. The fast food industry is able to keep wages low by relying on government assistance. Taxpayers are financing these public assistance programs at almost $7 billion dollars a year. The authors recommend that wages infast food and other low-wageindustries increase in order to both help the overall economy and allow the workers to have the ability to take care of themselves

Quotation copy exactly, enclose in quotation marks, use sparingly

Original text- It doesnt make sense that workers like Snider who prepare and serve food to millions of Americans each day cant afford three meals a day for their own families. Reason to quote: it illustrates the authors opinion in an interesting and effective way, contains irony. Paraphrase or Plagiarism? (#1)Original - Words: 63 Chars: 299

After two years working at a St. Louis Wendys, Alisha Snider still cannot afford basics like rent, food, clothes and daycare for her three daughters.The 26-year-old earns only $7.50 an hour and works just 20 hours a week. So how does Alisha make ends meet? She puts her kids in a taxpayer-funded daycare program and uses $398 a month in food stamps to feed them.

Notes - Words: 64 Chars: 284

Alisha Snider,a 26-year-old mother of three in St. Louis,has worked for two years at a Wendy's. She works 20 hours a week and only makes $7.50 an hour.This low pay and light schedule does notallowher enough money to pay for all the necessities, so she uses a government-funded daycare and receives$398 a month in food stamps in order to get by.

Paraphrase or Plagiarism? (#2)Original - Words: 104 Chars: 527

This problem is not going away. A recent analysis by the National Employment Law Project shows low-wage jobs account for nearly three out of five jobs generated since the end of the recession. The Economic Policy Institute expects nearly 30 percent of American workers to be employed in low-wage jobs in 2020, the same as 2010.As long as pay remains low, these jobs will generate public costs. The fast-food industry is a major contributor to the growth of the low-wage economy, forcing more and more workers onto public assistance programs, which means taxpayers will be footing an even heftier bill if we dont improve those jobs.

Notes - Words: 102 Chars: 499

A recent analysis by the National Employment Law Project found that low-wage jobs make up almost three out of five jobs created since the end of the recession. The Economic Policy Institute thinks that almost 30% of workers in America will be employed in low-wage jobs in 2020, which is the same as 2010.If pay remains low, the low-wage jobs will create public costs. The fast food industry is a main contributor to the problem of the low-wage economy,pushing more workers onto public assistance. This means taxpayers will be footing an even bigger bill if we don't do something to improve

Paraphrase or Plagiarism? (#3) Original - Words: 44 Chars: 239

Fast-food jobs pay so little that 52 percent of the families of front-line fast food workers versus 25 percent of the overall workforce need to rely on public assistance programs, costing taxpayers nearly $7 billion a year. The cost is highest in California at $717 million each year.Notes - Words: 41 Chars: 234

Fast-food jobs pay very little compared to other industries52% of fast-food workers families use public assistance programsOnly 25% of all workers use these programs $7 billion a year in taxes is spent on this assistanceCalifornia spends the most at $717 million annuallyParaphrase or Plagiarism? (#4)Original - Words: 40 Chars: 223

The median wage for a front-line fast-food worker is $8.69 an hour, and the median number of hours worked per week is just 30. Benefits are rare, with only 13 percent of workers receiving employer-provided health insurance, compared to 59 percent of workers overall.

Notes - Words: 26 Chars: 149

median wage front-line fast-food worker $8.69 an hourmedian number of hours worked per week 30Benefits rareonly 13% of these workers receive health insurance, compared to 59% of all workers

Slide one: http://ewp.rpi.edu/hartford/library/images/plagiarist.gifSlide two: http://classguides.lib.uconn.edu/content.php?pid=50827&sid=386249Image sources


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