Lao PDR - Agricultural practices

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  • Roundtable on World Programme for the Census of Agriculture 2020 Bangkok, Thailand19-23 September 2016Mr. Thipsavanh Intharack, Acting Director General of Department of Economics Statistics, LSB, MPI E-mail address: tintharackk@yahoo.com

    Ms. Vivanh Souvannamethy, Director of Center for Agricultural Statistics, Department of Planning and Cooperation, Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry E-mail address : souvannamethy@yahoo.comAgricultural Practices and Services in Lao Agricultural Census 2010/11 *Technical Session 9: Census Themes 6 and 7 - Agricultural Practices and Services.

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  • *1. Background 2. Methodology used in the Lao Agricultural Census (LAC) 2010/113. The items of Themes 6 and 7 that have been covered in the LAC 4. Challenges encountered and lessons learnt regarding data collection of the items on Themes 6 and 7 5. Relevant links to census instruments and results. Out line

  • BackgroundThe first LAC was conducted in 1998/99 and second Census in year 2010/11.Organization: There are 3 levels of SC

    National Steering Committee, chaired by Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of both MAF and MPI are member of SCProvincial level chaired by GovernorDistrict level chaired by District HeadAny SC level had setting up Agricultural Census Office (ACO) for preparing and conducting all activities of the census.Mainly staff working in ACO are from MAF, MPI and FAO provided technical assistance and helped any technical work.

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  • *Census budget

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  • MethodologyCensus covered of all private households only. For agriculture activities such as institutional units, GOV farms, non private household are excluded Census methodology used short-long questionnaireThe census had three components:

    Village component: a survey of all villages in the country; respondent by village head.Household component: complete enumeration of all households to collect basic data on crops and livestock (in total 1,021,438 households, covered of which 747,500 households in rural area)Sample farm household component: a sample survey of 41,660 farm households to collect detailed data on agricultural activities.*

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  • Sample design Census Frame based on Population and Housing Census 2005 and updated frame in 2010 The sample for farm household component was selected using two-stage sampling: in each district, a sample of villages was first selected, and then a sample of farm households was selected in each sampled village. The sample of villages was selected using stratified systematic probability proportional to size (PPS) sampling. Altogether 2,620 villages and 41,660 sample farm households were selected in the sample.

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  • Census enumeration Field operation started from 28 Feb to 8 April 2011 (38 days working) Village component responded by head of village Household component responded by head of private household and member of household who are holding

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  • Census questionnaires1. Questionnaires F1 (Household listing) F3 (Village questionnaire) F4 ( Households questionnaire) F5 ( Sample households)Manuals Manual for central and provincial supervisor Manual for district supervisor Manual for enumerator

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  • Completed questionnaires were returned to ACO any level for checking and counting then sent it to NACO for final checking, coding, data entry and processing. (nearly 1.2 million questionnaires)Using double data entry by ACCESS softwareUsing SPSS for comparison of double data base, cleaning Data and tabulations

    *Data processing

  • Items for Theme 6 recommended in WCA 2020 which were covered in LAC 2010/11

    Use of agricultural pesticides Selected machinery and equipment used on the holding by source Percentage of each major agricultural product sold Type of seed for each major crop type Use of organic agricultural practices Use of each type of fertilizer Type of animal grazing practices

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  • Items for Theme 7 recommended in WCA 2020 which were covered in LAC 2010/11 Receipt of credit for agricultural purposes (0701) Source of credit (0702) Type of collateral for credit (0703) Sources of agricultural information (0705) Sources of agricultural extension services used (0706)

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  • Additional items for Theme 7 covered in LAC 2010/11

    S68 Use of credit(buy crop inputs; buy livestock products; buy farm equipment; buy farm animals; construct farm buildings; buy land; other)

    S71 Whether technical assistance provided

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  • Challenges encountered & Lessons learnt

    Limited FundsLAC 2010/11 covered the households only. Agricultural activities of institutional units such as government farms, private companies and schools were excludedLivestock data refer to number of animals on the day of enumerated census.The upland rice area data from census higher then statistical report, because census data record directly from household but official statistic record by local administrative

    Changes planned regarding items of themes 6 and 7 in the next LAC: Conduct based on WCA 2020 Add more Items Cover all agriculture sector in Laos*

  • Way forwardAccording to Statistical law NSDSS 2010-2020 and SAPRS 2016-2025 for resolve problem from past censuses and surveys

    LSB will be continuing corroboration with other sectors relevant with Agricultural Statistic and other International organization to prepare Economic Census in 2018 and Agricultural Census in 2020-21.

  • THANK YOU*http://www.lsb.gov.la (LNADA)http://www.decide.la

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