- 1.Information Literacy in the Digital Age: An Evidence-Based Approach Teresa S. Welsh, Ph.D. [email_address]
2. Questions to be addressed:
- Why is information literacy important?
- What is information literacy?
- What research is related to information literacy?
- What learning theory is related to IL?
- How can IL research & theory inform teaching?
25 May 2011 QQML11, Athens, Greece 3. Why is Information Literacy important?
- "Information is the new world currency and wealth will be measured by how much information a company, individual, or country can create, distribute, accumulate, and mine."
- Mark Dean, PhD , IBM Fellow,Inventors Hall of Fame
25 May 2011 QQML11, Athens, Greece Cartoon by Bill Waterson 4. According to ALA, information literacy is increasingly important in the contemporary environment of rapid technological change and proliferating information resourcesInformation literacy forms the basis for lifelong learning and is common toall disciplines , toall learning environments , and toall levels of education . 25 May 2011 QQML11, Athens, Greece Why is Information Literacy important? 5. What is Information Literacy?
- Information is from Latininformatio , meaning concept or idea.
- Literate is from Latinliteratus , meaning learned or lettered.
25 May 2011 QQML11, Athens, Greece www.TechKnowLogia.org 6. How is Info Literacy defined by LIS?
- ALA, ACRL: IL is a set of abilities requiring individuals to recognize when information is needed and have the ability to locate, evaluate, and use effectively the needed information.
- Determinethe extent of information needed
- Accessthe needed information effectively and efficiently
- Evaluateinformation and its sources critically
- Incorporateselected information into one's knowledge base
- Useinformation effectively to accomplish a specific purpose
- Understandthe economic, legal, and social issues and use information ethically and legally.
QQML11, Athens, Greece 7.
- National Council of Teachers of English (NCTE): 21st century demands that a literate person possess a wide range of abilities and competencies,many literacies .
- Develop proficiencywith technology tools
- Build relationshipswith others to pose and solve problems collaboratively, cross-culturally
- Design and share informationto meet a variety of purposes
- Manage, analyze, synthesizemultiple streams of simultaneous information
- Create, critique, analyze, and evaluatemulti-media texts
- Attend to ethical responsibilitiesrequired by complex environments.
Information Literacy: A Meta-Literacy 25 May 2011 QQML11, Athens, Greece 8. Information Literacy: A Meta-Literacy
QQML11, Athens, Greece http://uniedtechdesign.blogspot.com/2011/03/information-literacy.html 9. Research: The Google Generation
- Research on Google Generation (those born after 1993) conducted by CIBER (UCL Centre for Information Behaviour & Evaluation of Research) indicates:
- Online searching tends to be shallow, information-skimming, not in-depth searching
- 60% visit a site once only and view each Web page only a few seconds
- Prefer quick information in form of easily-digested short chunks rather than full-text.
QQML11, Athens, Greece Information Behaviour of the Researcher of the Future.London: CIBER, 2008. 10. 25 May 2011 QQML11, Athens, Greece Information Behaviour of the Researcher of the Future.London: CIBER, 2008 . 11. OCLC Research: College Students
- 89% of college students use search engines to begin an information search (2% start from library Web site)
- 93% satisfied with using a search engine (compared with 84% for librarian-assisted search)
- College students still use the library, but less (and reading less)
- Books still primary library brand, despite investment in digital resources, of which students are largely unfamiliar.
QQML11, Athens, Greece College Students Perceptions of the Libraries and Information Resources: A Report to the OCLC Membership .Dublin, OH: OCLC, 2006. 12. Kent State Library Research: TRAILS
- T ool forR eal-TimeA ssessment ofI nformationL iteracyS kills (free online assessment for grades 3, 6, 9 or 12)
- Boswell (2007) TRAILS study:
- Greatest weaknesses of students in evaluation of information and in using Boolean search techniques.
- Supported by CIBER research (2008):
- Little time spent in evaluating information, either for relevance, accuracy or authority
- Poor understanding of information needs so students find it difficult to develop effective search strategies.
QQML11, Athens, Greece http://www.trails-9.org/ http://www.ucl.ac.uk/infostudies/research/ciber/downloads/ 13.
- Qualitative Study by New Media Consortium
- Abundance of Internet resources are increasingly challenging for sense-making, coaching, credentialing.
- People expect to work, learn, and study whenever, wherever they want.
- World of work is increasingly collaborative, giving rise to reflection on structure of student projects.
- Technologies are increasingly cloud-based, and notions of IT support decentralized.
2011 Horizon Report : Emerging Trends 25 May 2011 QQML11, Athens, Greece http://net.educause.edu/ir/library/pdf/HR2011.pdf 14.
- Digital media literacy continues rise in importance as key skill in every discipline and profession.
- Evaluation metrics lag behind emergence of new scholarly forms of authoring, publishing, research.
- Economic pressures, new models of education present competition to traditional models.
- Keeping pace with rapid proliferation of information, tools, & devices is challenging.
2011 Horizon Report : Challenges 25 May 2011 QQML11, Athens, Greece http://net.educause.edu/ir/library/pdf/HR2011.pdf 15.
- e-books (NetLibrary, ebrary)
- Mobiles (i-Phone, Android smart phone, i-Pad)
- Near-termfuture: 2-3 Years
- Augmented reality: computer-assisted contextual layer of information over the real world, creating a reality that is enhanced or augmented.( http ://www.layar.com / )
- Game-based learning( http://gaming.psu.edu / ).
2011 Horizon Report : Tech Adoption 25 May 2011 QQML11, Athens, Greece http://net.educause.edu/ir/library/pdf/HR2011.pdf 16. 25 May 2011 QQML11, Athens, Greece http://info.xplana.com/report/ Xplana Report 17.
- Longer-termfuture: 4-5 Years
- Gesture-based computing (Kinect, SixthSense, Tamper)
- Haptics touch-surface technology such as Mudpad ( http :// hci.rwth-aachen.de/mudpad )
- Eye movement technology such as EyeDraw
- ( http ://www.cs.uoregon.edu/research/cm-hci/EyeDraw / )
- Analytics: new data-gathering tools and analytic techniques to study student engagement, performance, progress( http://www. google.com/analytics ).
2011 Horizon Report : Tech Adoption 25 May 2011 QQML11, Athens, Greece http://net.educause.edu/ir/library/pdf/HR2011.pdf 18. Learning Theory:Connectivism
- Process of connecting specialized nodes/information sources
- Rests in diversity of opinions
- May reside in non-human appliances
- Requires nurturing, maintaining connections
- Requires accurate, up-to-date knowledge
- Includes decision-making.
- Capacity to know is more critical than what is known.
- Core skill is ability to see connections between ideas, concepts(Siemens, 2004).
25 May 2011 QQML11, Athens, Greece 19. Learning Theory:Active Learning
- Opposite of passive learning through lectures
- Process of active engagement in learning
- Involves reading, writing, discussion, engagement in solving problems, analysis, synthesis, evaluation
- Class discussion, demonstration
- Short, evaluative or reflectivepost or paper
25 May 2011 QQML11, Athens, Greece 20. Cultural Literacy
- Latinculturameaning to nurture or cultivate
- Awareness and abilityto converse fluently in the history, allusions, and informal content that constitutes ones own culture or another culture.
- Essay on origins of words, alphabet, public schools
- Newspaper item on day of birth (microfilm or online)
- Family tree, family history
- Short essay or post on local cultural exhibit
- Short essay on local history
25 May 2011 QQML11, Athens, Greece 21. Library Literacy
- Latinliber , meaning books; also means free
- Latin adjectivelibrarius ,meaning of books
- Essay or post on ancient library
- Post on 1 stschool library, 1 stpublic library, oldest univ. library
25 May 2011 QQML11, Athens, Greece 22. Ethical Literacy
- Ethics is from Greekethos , meaning character
- Moral principles or values
- Submit papers toTurnitin.com
- Collaborative Institutional Training Initiative ( citiprogram.org ) tutorial
25 May 2011 QQML11, Athens, Greece 23. Computer Literacy
- Development of computer, Internet, WWW
- Presentations (PowerPoint)
- ExploreComputer History Museum
25 May 2011 QQML11, Athens, Greece 24. Network Literacy
- Directories (human-indexed)
- Compare results of search engine & directory
- Database search exercises
- Add limiter peer-reviewed
- Add limiter references available or feature article
- Search in subject or abstract
25 May 2011 QQML11, Athens, Greece 25. Media Literacy
- ability to decode, analyze, evaluate, & produce communication in a variety of forms.Trent Think Tank on Media Literacy
- Create or participate in a wiki group project
- Create, share photos and/or videos
25 May 2011 QQML11, Athens, Greece 26. Information Literacy Assessment
- T ool forR eal-TimeA ssessment ofI nformationL iteracyS kills (for grades 3, 6, 9 or 12)http://www.trails-9.org /
- Pre- and post-assessment surveys based on ACRL standards such as one developed by Marshall (2006):http://www.literacyandtechnology.org/volume7/marshallJLT2006.pdf
- Information and Communication TechnologyE xam
- Certiport IC3to assess computer competency.
25 May 2011 QQML11, Athens, Greece 27. Information Literacy Assessment
- Walsh (2009) identified 9 commonly used types of assessments for information literacy skills:
25 May 2011 QQML11, Athens, Greece 28. Information Literacy Assessment
- Objective paper on an approved topic
- Use of Standard English, proper grammar
- Use of scholarly sources, appropriate parenthetical references, citations.
- Purdue Online Writing LabOWL
- Turnitin or other plagiarism software.
25 May 2011 QQML11, Athens, Greece 29. Bibliography
- ACRL (2011). Information Literacy Competency Standards for Higher Education.http:// www.ala.org/ala/mgrps/divs/acrl/standards/informationliteracycompetency.cfm
- National Council of Teachers of English. (2008). NCTEs Definition of 21 stCentury Literacies.http://www.ncte.org/announce/129117.htm?source=gs
- Johnson, L., Smith, R., Willis, H., Levine, A., and Haywood, K., (2011).The 2011 Horizon Report.Austin, Texas: The New Media Consortium.http://www.nmc.org/pdf/2011-Horizon-Report.pdf
- CIBER (2008). Information Behaviour of the Researcher of the Future.London: CIBER.http://www.ucl.ac.uk/infostudies/research/ciber/downloads/
- Welsh, T.S., & Wright, M. S. (2010).Information literacy in the digital age: an evidence-based approach . Oxford, Chandos.http://neal-schuman.com/blog/2010/08/23/new-book-gives-readers-the-tools-they-need-to-evaluate-and-understand-information-through-a-digital-lens/
25 May 2011 QQML11, Athens, Greece 30.
25 May 2011 QQML11, Athens, Greece