Evolution of Properties of Pavers Blocks using Nylon Fiber Fly Ash and Rice Husk Ash for Medium Traffic

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  • IJSRD - International Journal for Scientific Research & Development| Vol. 3, Issue 10, 2015 | ISSN (online): 2321-0613

    All rights reserved by www.ijsrd.com 442

    Evolution of Properties of Pavers Blocks Using Nylon Fiber Fly Ash and

    Rice Husk Ash for Medium Traffic

    Barun Kumar1 Rashmi Sakale

    2 Devansh Jain

    3 A.K Jha

    4

    1M.tech Scholar

    2,4Associate Professor

    3Assistant Professor

    1,2Truba Institute of Engineering and IT

    3UIT-RGPV

    4Bhopal Laxmi Narian College of Technology

    Abstract Strong unreinforced pre-cast bond concrete paver

    blocks is a flexible, tastefully appealing, practical,

    financially savvy and requires next to zero support if

    effectively produced and laid. Paver blocks can be utilized

    for distinctive movement classifications i.e. Non-movement,

    Light-activity, Medium-traffic, Heavy-traffic and Very

    heavy traffic. In present study work paver blocks of M-40

    grade of concrete of 80mm thickness for medium activity

    with differing rate of nylon fiber i.e. 0.1%, 0.2%, 0.3%,

    0.4%,0.5% is utilized to enhance the compressive strength is

    thrown. Subsequent to discovering ideal rate of nylon fiber,

    the same is utilized as consistent alongside Fly Ash and Rice

    Husk Ash in shifting rate 10%, 20%, 30% is added as bond

    substitution to analyze the progressions in compressive

    strength and flexure strength of paver block.

    Key words: Fly Ash, Rice Husk Ash, Nylon fiber,

    Compressive strength, Paver block

    I. INTRODUCTION

    Cement solid tiles and clearing blocks are precast strong

    items made out of cement. The item is made in different

    sizes and shapes viz. rectangular, square and round blocks of

    distinctive measurements with outlines for interlocking of

    adjoining tiles blocks. The crude materials required for

    assembling of the item are Portland cement and aggregates

    which are accessible locally in all aspects of the nation

    applications. Thus, the unit may be set up in urban and semi-

    urban ranges, close to the business sector. A considerable

    measure of cosmetic touch up is being given to streets, trails

    along the roadside. Solid clearing blocks are perfect

    materials on the pathways for simple laying, better look and

    wrap up. While the tiles discover broad use outside the

    expansive building and houses, loads of these materials are

    likewise utilized as a part of ground surface in the open

    zones of open workplaces and business structures and

    private flats.

    We all know for asphalt of paver block required

    high compressive strength and to expand the compressive

    strength of paver blocks different endeavors have been

    made. In this specific study M40 paver blocks have been

    cates of 80 mm thickness for medium activity and to expand

    its compressive strength Nylon fiber is added to concrete.

    In present study work paver blocks of M-40

    evaluation of 80mm thickness for medium movement with

    fluctuating rate of nylon fiber (0.1%, 0.2%, 0.3%,

    0.4%,0.5%) is utilized to enhance the compressive strength

    is thrown. In the wake of discovering ideal rate of nylon

    fiber, the same is utilized as steady alongside Fly Ash and

    Rice Husk Ash in differing rate (10%, 20%, 30%) is

    included (as cement replacement) to inspect the progressions

    in compressive strength and flexure strength of paver block.

    II. MANUFACTURING OF PAVER BLOCKS

    How paver block is manufactured for experimental work is

    described below. 80mm thick Paver block of M-40 grade is

    cast for the experimental work. For manufacturing of paver

    blocks certain Steps is followed which is given below.

    A. Dimension of the Paver Blocks

    For manufacturing of paver block first we have decide that

    size of the paver block, which is according to manufacturer

    is given below:

    Shape: I section

    Length: 200 mm

    Width: 160 mm

    Thickness = 80 mm

    Aspect ratio (L/T) = 200/80 = 2.5 < 4.0 as per IS 15658 :

    2006

    B. Calculation Of Area By IS 15658 : 2006

    1) Plan Area (Asp)(Method 1) The test example should be weighted, while suspended by

    metal wire, and totally submerged in water, and the weight

    might be recorded in N to closest 0.01N (Wa). They should

    be expelled from water and permitted to deplete for one

    moment by putting them on a 10mm coarser wire network.

    Noticeable water on the example might be evacuated with a

    clammy material. The example should be quickly weighed

    and the weight for every example noted N to the closest

    0.01N (WW). the volume of example should be computed as

    takes after:

    Volume = (WW Wa) 10-3 m3

    The volume shall be divided by thickness to obtain plan area

    in mm2.

    Volume = 0.0002 m3

    Area= 28589.32 mm2

    2) Plan Area (Asp)(Method 2) The example might be set, wearing face confronting up, on

    cardboard and its edge is followed with the pencil. The

    shape might be cut precisely with the scissors and weighted

    to the closest 0.0001N, and the outcome recorded as mass

    (msp). A rectangle measuring 200mm x 100mm cut out

    from same cardboard should likewise be weighted to closest

    0.0001 N, and result recorded as mass (mstd). the

    arrangement range for the block might be computed from

    the equation:

    Msp= 0.020 Kg

    Mstd= 0.014 Kg

    Area (Asp) = 28571.4286 = 28572 mm2

  • Evolution of Properties of Pavers Blocks Using Nylon Fiber Fly Ash and Rice Husk Ash for Medium Traffic

    (IJSRD/Vol. 3/Issue 10/2015/089)

    All rights reserved by www.ijsrd.com 443

    3) Selection of Ingredient All fixing utilized as a part of this venture is chosen

    according to procurement given under IS 15658 : 2006,

    Cement utilized for undertaking is Ordinary Portland cement

    of evaluation 43., Rice husks are the hard securing covers of

    grains of rice. Notwithstanding ensuring rice amid the

    developing season Rice husk is taken from Bhagrava krishi

    Farm, Vidisha where rice is taken from homestead and after

    that by offer of thrasher some assistance with ricing and rice

    husk are isolated, and after that this rice husk is blaze. The

    smoldering procedure of rice husk proceeds around 48

    hours. Following 48 hours rice husk fiery remains stay

    untouched for 12 hours because of cooling procedure. At

    that point rice husk cinder experiences a mechanical

    procedure of pounding to make rice husk fine, on the

    grounds that finer husk gives better result when it is

    supplanted by cement in cement. Fly slag is gathered from

    Dirk india Pvt. Ltd., Bhopal where they bring fly fiery

    debris from all over india and afterward they make solid

    utilizing fly slag. So fly powder is gathered dirk plant and

    utilized as a part of cement for test work. Locally accessible

    nylon fiber is utlilized and Water utilized as a part of paver

    blocks is adjusting the determination of IS 456 : 2000.

    Water utilized for blending is free from damaging measure

    of oils, acids, soluble bases, salts, sugar, natural materials or

    different substances that may be pernicious to concrete.

    Characteristic waterway sand, which free from natural

    pollutions is utilized as a part of this undertaking alongside

    10 mm most extreme estimated pulverized regular stone is

    utilized as coarse aggregate. Blend Design is done of cement

    of M-40 grade according to IS 10262 : 2009 and curing is

    done in clean water, which is gathered from research center

    tab and free pollutions at room temperature.

    III. EXPERIMENT AND RESULTS

    Experiment performed in this project with their test result

    and discussion on compressive strength development of

    control concrete, Nylon Fiber Concrete, Fly Ash and Rice

    Husk Ash with Nylon Fiber Concrete paver blocks and

    Concrete at different curing period, and also different test

    results which is carried on different materials is discussed

    below.

    A. Physical Test on Materials

    Various Physical tests on concrete on cement and aggregates

    are performed. Test like fineness modulus and specific

    gravity are performed. And their results are given below:

    1) Specific Gravity Test Specific gravity test of all material are performed in

    laboratory and their results are given in table 1 below:

    S. No. Material Specific Gravity

    1. Cement 3.15

    2. Fine Aggregate 2.56

    3. Coarse Aggregate 2.75

    4. Rice Husk Ash 2.35

    5. Fly Ash 2.50

    Table 1: Results of Specific Gravity Test

    2) Fineness Modulus Fineness modulus of cement and aggregates are performed

    and it is observed that Fineness modulus of material are

    satisfactory.

    S. No Material Fineness modulus

    1. Cement 3.8

    2. Rice Husk Ash 3.2

    3. Fly Ash 2.7

    4. Fine Aggregate 3.29

    5. Coarse Aggregate 7.44

    Table 2: Results for fineness modulus of materials

    3) Water Absorption of Aggregates Water absorption test of the concrete is performed in

    laboratory, water absorption of fine aggregate is 0.206 and

    of coarse aggregate is 1.023.

    4) Bulking Of Sand Bulking of sand is not required because mix is designed for

    weigh batching and by sieve analysis and gradation curve

    sand comes in Zone II so correction for bulking is required.

    But, bulking of sand is calculated and its value is 24%.

    B. Workability

    1) Workability of Nylon Fiber Paver Blocks Table 3 and graph 1 shows workability of the concrete with

    nylon fiber and it has been observed that nylon fiber

    decreases workability of the concrete

    Mix Slump (mm)

    Standard Concrete 83

    FB1 80

    FB2 78

    FB3 78

    FB4 74

    FB5 71

    Table 3: Workability of Concrete with Nylon fibers

  • Evolution of Properties of Pavers Blocks Using Nylon Fiber Fly Ash and Rice Husk Ash for Medium Traffic

    (IJSRD/Vol. 3/Issue 10/2015/089)

    All rights reserved by www.ijsrd.com 444

    Fig. 1: Graph 1: Workability of Concrete with Nylon fibers

    2) Workability of Fly Ash Paver Blocks With Nylon Fiber Table 4 and graph 2 shows workability of the concrete with

    fly ash nylon fiber and it is clearly shows that fly ash with

    nylon fiber increases the workability of the concrete.

    Mix Slump (mm)

    Standard Concrete 83

    FA10 95

    FA20 103

    FA30 110

    Table 4: Workability of Concrete with Nylon fibers and Fly

    Ash

    Fig. 2: Graph 2: Workability of Concrete with Nylon fibers

    and Fly Ash

    3) Workability of Rice Husk Ash Paver Blocks With Nylon Fiber

    Table 5 and graph 3 shows workability of concrete with rice

    husk ash and nylon fiber and it has been observed that these

    material decreases the workability of the concrete.

    Mix Slump (mm)

    Standard Concrete 83

    RHA10 72

    RHA20 65

    RHA30 58

    Table 5: Workability of Concrete with Nylon fibers and

    Rice Husk Ash

    Fig. 3Graph 3: Workability of Concrete with Nylon fibers

    and Rice Husk Ash

    C. Compressive Strength Test

    S.No. Paver Block

    Thickness

    (mm)

    Correction factor

    Plain

    Block

    Arrised /

    Chamfered Block

    1. 50 0.96 1.03

    2. 60 1.00 1.06

    3. 80 1.12 1.18

    4. 100 1.18 1.24

    5. 120 1.28 1.34

    Table 6: Correction Factors for Thickness and Arris /

    Chamfer of Paver Block for Calculation of Compressive

    Strength

    For other thickness of paver blocks between 50 mm

    and 120 mm, linear extrapolation of-concrete factor shall be

    made.

    When paver blocks goes through compressive

    strength test it has been observed that compressive strength

    of paver blocks increases in the nylon fiber content upto

    0.3%; when we increase the nylon fiber content further

    0.4% and 0.5% it possess comparatively lower compressive

    strength. 0.3% of nylon fiber paver blocks possess 42.309

    N/mm2 compressive strength, when we correct it according

    64

    66

    68

    70

    72

    74

    76

    78

    80

    82

    84

    Standard

    Concrete

    FB1 FB2 FB3 FB4 FB5

    Slump (mm)

    0

    20

    40

    60

    80

    100

    120

    Standard

    Concrete

    FA10 FA20 FA30

    Slump (mm)

    0

    10

    20

    30

    40

    50

    60

    70

    80

    90

    Standard

    Concrete

    RHA10 RHA20 RHA30

    Slump (mm)

  • Evolution of Properties of Pavers Blocks Using Nylon Fiber Fly Ash and Rice Husk Ash for Medium Traffic

    (IJSRD/Vol. 3/Issue 10/2015/089)

    All rights reserved by www.ijsrd.com 445

    to 15658 : 2006 it goes to 49.92 N/mm2; after testing the

    nylon fiber pavers for their compressive strength we get the

    optimum percentage of nylon fiber is 0.3%. with this

    optimum percentage of nylon fiber we replace cement by

    Fly Ash and Rice Husk Ash upto 30% at regular interval of

    10% in paver blocks mixes and after compressive strength

    test it has been observed that FA 20 mix i.e. 20% Fly Ash

    replacement and 10% Rice Husk Ash replacement mix i.e

    RHA10 mix with optimum nylon fiber content gives

    maximum compressive strength. Result of compressive

    strength test is given below

    1) Compressive Strength of Nylon Fiber Paver Blocks When nylon fiber paver blocks is tested for their

    compressive strength their FB3 mix gives highest result.

    Compressive strength test is given in table 7 and graph 4-5.

    MIX COMPRESSIVE STRENGTH (N/MM

    2)

    7 Days 14 Days 28 Days

    STANDARD

    MIX 36.9 39.87 42.24

    FB1 35.414 36.423 37.439

    FB2 35.834 37.143 37.849

    FB3 40.121 42.245 44.258

    FB4 38.094 39.423 40.209

    FB5 37.944 39.243 39.899

    Table 7: Compressive Strength of Nylon Fiber Paver Blocks

    Fig. 4: Graph 4: Compressive Strength of Nylon Fiber Paver

    Blocks

    Fig .5: Graph 5: Compressive Strength of Nylon Fiber

    Paver Blocks

    2) Corrected Compressive Strength of Nylon Fiber Paver Blocks

    As per IS 15658 compressive strength of paver blocks is

    corrected, 1.18 is multiplied with calculated compressive

    strength for arrised and chamfer blocks and their

    compressive strength result is given table 8 and graph 6-7

    Mix Compressive Strength (N/mm

    2)

    7 Days 14 Days 28 Days

    Standard Mix 43.542 47.0466 49.8432

    FB1 41.7885 42.9791 44.178

    FB2 42.2841 43.8287 44.6618

    FB3 47.3428 49.8491 52.2244

    FB4 44.9509 46.5191 47.4466

    FB5 44.7739 46.3067 47.0808

    Table 8: Corrected Compressive Strength of nylon fiber

    paver blocks as per IS 15658

    Fig. 6: Graph 6: Corrected Compressive Strength of nylon

    fiber paver blocks as per IS 15658

    Fig. 7: Graph 7: Corrected Compressive Strength of nylon

    fiber paver blocks as per IS 15658

    MIX

    COMPRESSIVE STRENGTH

    (N/MM)

    7 Days 14 Days 28 Days

    STANDARD

    CONCRETE 36.9 39.87 42.24

    FA10 37.637 39.849 40.659

    0

    10

    20

    30

    40

    50

    60

    7 Days 14 Days 28 Days

    Compressive Strength (N/mm2)

    Standard Mix FB1

    FB2 FB3

    FB4 FB5

  • Evolution of Properties of Pavers Blocks Using Nylon Fiber Fly Ash and Rice Husk Ash for Medium Traffic

    (IJSRD/Vol. 3/Issue 10/2015/089)

    All rights reserved by www.ijsrd.com 446

    FA20 39.78 41.25 44.89

    FA30 37.227 38.129 38.519

    Table 9: Compressive Strength of Fly Ash Paver Blocks

    with Nylon Fiber

    Fig. 8: Graph 8: Compressive Strength of Fly Ash Paver

    Blocks with Nylon Fiber

    Fig. 9: Graph 9: Compressive Strength of Fly Ash Paver

    Blocks with Nylon Fiber

    3) Corrected Compressive Strength of Fly Ash Paver Blocks With Nylon Fiber

    1.18 is multiplied with calculated compressive strength for

    arrised and chamfer blocks and their compressive strength

    result is given table 12 and graph 14-15.

    MIX

    COMPRESSIVE STRENGTH

    (N/MM)

    7 Days 14 Days 28 Days

    STANDARD

    CONCRETE 43.542 47.0466 49.8432

    FA10 44.4117 47.0218 47.9776

    FA20 46.9404 48.675 52.9702

    FA30 43.9279 44.9922 45.4524

    Table 10: Corrected Compressive Strength of Fly Ash Paver

    Blocks with Nylon Fiber as per 15658

    Fig. 10: Graph 10: Corrected Compressive Stre...

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