Ven .Dangaswewa . Vajira Thero
Under the guidance of
Ven. Dapane Chandarathana.(lecturer in Buddhist philosophy)
Bhiksu University of SriLanka
Ethics ,Teachings and Philosophy
Known as middle way of wisdom and compassion
A 2500 years old tradition that began in India and spread as well to the far East
A philosophy, religion and spiritual practice followed by more than 400 million people
Based on the teachings of the Buddha
Religion upholds Buddhism
The Four Noble Truths
1 Symptoms The human life involves continual suffering
2 Diagnosis - The cause of suffering is self-centered desire & attachments
3 Prognosis - The solution is to eliminate desire and attachment, thus achieving Nirvana (extinction).
4 Prescription - The way to Nirvana is through the Eight-Fold Path
Dukkha: we experience life as
Physical, Mental, Conditioned states
Anitya: everything in this world is characterized by
The nature of the world is transitory.
An ever-changing self trying to cling to a world in continual flux.
The theory of dependent origination.
Anatta: the self is impermanent.
There is no eternal, unchanging, autonomous self.
Work toward eroding and eventually eliminating the idea of permanent individuality.
Man consists of the 5 Skandhas(Components)
4. Mental Formations,
Continuity of memory
Chain reaction of influence not substance - No soul is passed on.
A flame being passed from candle to candle.
Karma has allowed for the progression of the universe.
There is no unmoved mover behind movement.
One thing passes, conditioning the appearance of the next in a series of cause and effects.
Unreflective random, controlled by
circumstance and impulse.
You see yourself as an individual ego
competing with other egos.
Right Association forming good habits to
release you from craving and desiring.
You do not see yourself as separate self
apart from others.
To cultivate behavior that is not
motivated by the idea of self.
Ethical Conduct universal love and compassion or all living beings.
Right Speech, Right Action, Right Livelihood
Mental Discipline meditative realization of the true nature of self and the world.
Right Effort, Right Mindfulness, Right Concentration
Wisdom correct knowledge about reality.
Right Thought, Right Understanding
Nirvana is beyond definitive description.
Achieving Nirvana is to escape from the cycle of death and rebirth as well as the cycle of suffering caused by attachments.
Once Gautama Buddha died, after 80 years of life in this world, having achieved Nirvana and teaching multitudes his way of life, he ceased to exist as a distinct being.
Buddhism is non-theistic: Buddha is not the Buddhist God he is simply a revered teacher.
The world population was estimated to have reached 7.5 billion in April 2017.
There are roughly 4,200 religions in the world.
Extremely ,develops with the technology.
Many a people are money minded and looking for better life with it.
New investigations ,under different types of
subjects, are coming into existence.
Thinking style of human beings is becoming non
ethical and always is focused on authority, power
Consequently, mind stress, health problems,
residence problems , problems of peace and
harmony are coming out day by day.
Expansion of other religions around world.
Technological development .
Languages and communication.
Misinterpretations on Buddhism .
Lack of institution for both theory and practical studies.
lack of new technological knowledge of agents , in the modern world.
Converting problems due to given context of the world
With the intension of facing modern challenges,Buddhism must be changed according to thetime being ,protecting its main aspects.Buddhist attitudes on modern world such asseeking bad consequences of technology,should be optimistic and positive.
Cockcroft Laurence, Global Corruption:
Money, Power, and Ethics in the Modern
World, NewYork, 2014
Mohsen Omar and Sara Emami
, Buddhist Ethics,Indonisia,2002