Ethics in Buddhism and modern world

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    22-Jan-2018

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  • BY

    Ven .Dangaswewa . Vajira Thero

    lC /2013/2014/143

    BUPH- 32043

    Under the guidance of

    Ven. Dapane Chandarathana.(lecturer in Buddhist philosophy)

    Bhiksu University of SriLanka

  • Buddhism

    Ethics ,Teachings and Philosophy

    in Buddhism

    Modern world

    Challenges

    Conclusion

    References

  • Known as middle way of wisdom and compassion

    A 2500 years old tradition that began in India and spread as well to the far East

    A philosophy, religion and spiritual practice followed by more than 400 million people

    Based on the teachings of the Buddha

  • Religion upholds Buddhism

    Authority Empirical

    Ritual Scientific

    Speculation Pragmatic

    Tradition Therapeutic

    Grace Egalitarian

    Mystery Individual

  • The Four Noble Truths

    1 Symptoms The human life involves continual suffering

    2 Diagnosis - The cause of suffering is self-centered desire & attachments

    3 Prognosis - The solution is to eliminate desire and attachment, thus achieving Nirvana (extinction).

    4 Prescription - The way to Nirvana is through the Eight-Fold Path

  • Dukkha: we experience life as

    suffering/dissatisfaction.

    Physical, Mental, Conditioned states

    Anitya: everything in this world is characterized by

    impermanence.

    The nature of the world is transitory.

    An ever-changing self trying to cling to a world in continual flux.

    The theory of dependent origination.

  • Anatta: the self is impermanent.

    There is no eternal, unchanging, autonomous self.

    Work toward eroding and eventually eliminating the idea of permanent individuality.

    Man consists of the 5 Skandhas(Components)

    1. Form,

    2. Sensations,

    3. Perception,

    4. Mental Formations,

    5. Consciousness

    Continuity of memory

  • Reincarnation

    Chain reaction of influence not substance - No soul is passed on.

    A flame being passed from candle to candle.

    Karma has allowed for the progression of the universe.

    There is no unmoved mover behind movement.

    One thing passes, conditioning the appearance of the next in a series of cause and effects.

  • Unreflective random, controlled by

    circumstance and impulse.

    You see yourself as an individual ego

    competing with other egos.

    Right Association forming good habits to

    release you from craving and desiring.

    You do not see yourself as separate self

    apart from others.

  • To cultivate behavior that is not

    motivated by the idea of self.

    Ethical Conduct universal love and compassion or all living beings.

    Right Speech, Right Action, Right Livelihood

    Mental Discipline meditative realization of the true nature of self and the world.

    Right Effort, Right Mindfulness, Right Concentration

    Wisdom correct knowledge about reality.

    Right Thought, Right Understanding

  • Nirvana is beyond definitive description.

    Achieving Nirvana is to escape from the cycle of death and rebirth as well as the cycle of suffering caused by attachments.

    Once Gautama Buddha died, after 80 years of life in this world, having achieved Nirvana and teaching multitudes his way of life, he ceased to exist as a distinct being.

    Buddhism is non-theistic: Buddha is not the Buddhist God he is simply a revered teacher.

  • The world population was estimated to have reached 7.5 billion in April 2017.

    There are roughly 4,200 religions in the world.

    Extremely ,develops with the technology.

    Many a people are money minded and looking for better life with it.

  • New investigations ,under different types of

    subjects, are coming into existence.

    Thinking style of human beings is becoming non

    ethical and always is focused on authority, power

    , domination.

    Consequently, mind stress, health problems,

    residence problems , problems of peace and

    harmony are coming out day by day.

  • Expansion of other religions around world.

    Technological development .

    Languages and communication.

    Bad influences.

    Misinterpretations on Buddhism .

    Lack of institution for both theory and practical studies.

    lack of new technological knowledge of agents , in the modern world.

    Converting problems due to given context of the world

  • With the intension of facing modern challenges,Buddhism must be changed according to thetime being ,protecting its main aspects.Buddhist attitudes on modern world such asseeking bad consequences of technology,should be optimistic and positive.

  • Cockcroft Laurence, Global Corruption:

    Money, Power, and Ethics in the Modern

    World, NewYork, 2014

    Mohsen Omar and Sara Emami

    , Buddhist Ethics,Indonisia,2002

    https://www.amazon.com/2.10.2017.9:p.m.

    https://tapahtumat.hanko.fi