Citing, referencing and avoiding plagiarism

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<p>PowerPoint Presentation</p> <p>Referencing and Citation: Skills and Resources</p> <p>www.city.ac.uk/libraryCatie TuttleSubject Librarian (Cass Business School) catie.tuttle.1@city.ac.uk </p> <p>www.city.ac.uk/libraryPlagiarism: what is it?</p> <p>University Definition:Plagiarism is passing off the ideas or words of someone else as though they were your own. It applies equally to the work of other students as to published sources.City University London (2015) Understanding Academic Misconduct: Key Terms. Available at: http://www.city.ac.uk/about/education/lead/resources/studywell/understanding-academic-misconduct/key-terms (Accessed: 14 September 2015).Submitting, as one's own, an assignment that another person has completed.</p> <p>Downloading information, text, artwork, graphics or other material from the internet and presenting it as one's own without acknowledgment.</p> <p>Quoting or paraphrasing material from a source without acknowledgment.Using other peoples ideas without acknowledgement.</p> <p>www.city.ac.uk/libraryAcademic Misconduct</p> <p>Not tolerated: University Regulations say that all identified cases of suspected misconduct will be actively pursued.Penalties range from issuing a warning to student exclusion from University.Not just directly copying other peoples work: other forms of plagiarismCity University London (2015) Understanding Academic Misconduct: Key Terms. Available at: http://www.city.ac.uk/about/education/lead/resources/studywell/understanding-academic-misconduct/key-terms (Accessed: 14 September 2015).</p> <p>www.city.ac.uk/libraryPlagiarism includes:</p> <p>Copy and pasting from the internet or others workConcealing sourcesCollusionSelf-plagiarism: using your own work againMisunderstanding Common Knowledge</p> <p>www.city.ac.uk/libraryCopy and pasting</p> <p>Dont! You will get caught.Your work is passed through special software that WILL catch you, regardless of where you copied from.You can quote from others work, though: always use quotation marks and acknowledge where you found it:It has been said that Management is an interesting area to study (Smith, 2010, p. 25).Use the information to DO something, dont rely heavily on quotes.</p> <p>www.city.ac.uk/libraryConcealing sources</p> <p>Pretending you had an idea yourself, when you really found it in your research and reading.Often unintentional, but still counts as Academic Misconduct.Be very careful when you take notes so you always know which was your idea and which was the authors.Always cite and acknowledge ideas from other peopleIf you use if more than once in an essay, cite each time: even if its the next paragraph.</p> <p>www.city.ac.uk/libraryCollusion</p> <p>Taking credit from other students workWorking out the answers to homework questions together Watch out for group work! Always acknowledge other students ideas and contributions. Work individually on your assignments.It is NOT chatting with other students, then going away and doing the work on your own.</p> <p>www.city.ac.uk/librarySelf-plagiarism includes:</p> <p>Re-submitting your assignments</p> <p>Re-using work that youve already carried out</p> <p>Re-using the same paragraph in two pieces of work.</p> <p>www.city.ac.uk/libraryCommon Knowledge</p> <p>If a fact is common knowledge, you do not need to cite.</p> <p>If it is not common knowledge, always cite.</p> <p>Not sure? Ask your tutor for advice, or find a source; it is better to cite.</p> <p>www.city.ac.uk/libraryHow do I avoid accusations of plagiarism?</p> <p>Take clear notesQuote: if you use someone elses words, put them in quotation marks () and acknowledge them properlyParaphrase: give your own understanding of the idea and acknowledge them properly.Cite and reference correctly: This is how your acknowledge other people properly!</p> <p>www.city.ac.uk/libraryFurther tips</p> <p>Consult with your tutors and supervisors if youre in doubtStart your work early so you have time to cite and reference properlyMake sure your conclusions are always your ownthoughts, based on the work of the research youve doneRead through your work carefully: is it clear where youve used other peoples work? Are your own ideas obvious?</p> <p>www.city.ac.uk/libraryAvoiding Plagiarism: ResourcesCass Student Handbook p.13 for full information</p> <p>Watch our Library Shorts Film: Basics of Referencing</p> <p>StudyWell: Online guidance, quizzes and case studies to help you learn</p> <p>If in doubt, reference it! Use Cite Them Right Online</p> <p>You can also check with your supervisor or ask a librarian if youre unsure what to do</p> <p>www.city.ac.uk/libraryWhy put citations and references in your work?We cite all ideas, quotes, data, opinions, etc. that are not our own by telling the reader where it came from.</p> <p>Careful referencing protects you from accidental plagiarismReference as you go along in your notes and your work so you can always trace ideas back.</p> <p>Good referencing makes your work more scholarly: Shows your wide range of reading and sourcesShows good awareness of academic norms &amp; standardsHelps back up your arguments with work of other scholarsCan show how hard you worked! </p> <p>www.city.ac.uk/libraryHow do I find the information I need to make a reference?</p> <p>Front pages of books and CityLibrary Search </p> <p>First page, header and footer, or last page of journal articles</p> <p>Copy and paste pre-made references from most databases:Yes, you can copy and paste, just this once!Check it carefully: the computer is not as clever as you.</p> <p>www.city.ac.uk/libraryHow do I cite and reference?Keep not of what information you used from which source.Cass uses: Harvard (or Author/Date)Use Cite Them Right as a basis</p> <p>www.city.ac.uk/libraryCiting and referencing - Harvard To cite within the text, put the authors surname and year of publication in brackets after a sentence:One study has shown that huffing and puffing will blow straw houses down (Grimm, 1971).Make a Reference List of these citations at the end of your work. This list should be in alphabetical order by author.</p> <p>www.city.ac.uk/libraryWhat does it look like? </p> <p>Citations in the text of an article, essay or report:</p> <p>A list of references, in alphabetical order.Ten Bos, R. (2002) Machiavellis Kitchen', Organization, 9(1), pp. 51-70. doi: 10.1177/135050840291003 </p> <p>www.city.ac.uk/libraryWhat does it look like? You can see good referencing habits whenever you look at a journal article. Example of a Harvard Style reference: </p> <p>In text:To cite it, put in your quote or mention its ideas, then put the authors name and the date in brackets (Leavy, 2015, p. 25). </p> <p>Reference list:Leavy, A. (2015) Continuous innovation: unleashing and harnessing the creative energies of a willing and able community, Strategy &amp; Leadership, 45(5), pp. 2431. doi: 10.1108/SL-06-2015-0051.</p> <p>www.city.ac.uk/libraryWhat does it look like? When there is no author:</p> <p>In text:Bitcoin use is gaining popularity in corporations located in countries with rapidly changing economies due to its relative stability compared to other currencies (How virtual currency Bitcoin in gaining ground in India, 2015).</p> <p>Reference List:How virtual currency Bitcoin in gaining ground in India. (2015) Available at: http://0-search.proquest.com.wam.city.ac.uk/docview/1708024173/fulltext?accountid=14510 (Accessed: 26 October 2015).</p> <p>www.city.ac.uk/libraryReference List - Harvard</p> <p>Alphabetical order by author or editors surnameInclude the year of publication after the nameDo not abbreviate the titles of journalsPay attention to rules for punctuation and italicisation (this varies depending on the source type)For example</p> <p>Reference ListGane, N. (2012) Max Weber and contemporary capitalism. Hampstead: Palgrave Macmillan.How virtual currency Bitcoin in gaining ground in India. (2015) Available at: http://0-search.proquest.com.wam.city.ac.uk/docview/1708024173/fulltext?accountid=14510 (Accessed: 26 October 2015).Leavy, A. (2015) Continuous innovation: unleashing and harnessing the creative energies of a willing and able community, Strategy &amp; Leadership, 45(5), pp. 2431. doi: 10.1108/SL-06-2015-0051.</p> <p>www.city.ac.uk/libraryFurther pointsSecondary referencing is where other works are cited within a work.</p> <p>Where possible, if you want to cite something cited in another source, try to find the original. </p> <p>If notSmith (1997, cited in Brown, 2000) found that</p> <p>Please see the Cite Them Right Page on Setting out Citations for more information. </p> <p>www.city.ac.uk/libraryFurther points (continued)In edited works, cite the chapter author, not the editor of the whole workCorporate authors use the full name in the first citation and an abbreviation thereafter:</p> <p>First time: (Institute of Chartered Accountants in England and Wales (ICAEW), 2015)</p> <p>Other times: (ICAEW, 2015)</p> <p>www.city.ac.uk/libraryRemember</p> <p>Cass uses the Harvard Style This means use the author-date format for citations (Tuttle, 2015).Three Vital Things to Remember: </p> <p>Be Clear: your aim is to help your reader find the same thing you read.</p> <p>Be Consistent: pick one style and use it all the way through your project Cite Them Right Online will help you with this.</p> <p>Credit all the ideas youve used in your work, not just direct quotes: demonstrates the hard work youve done and protects you from accidental plagiarism.</p> <p>www.city.ac.uk/libraryReferencing and Citation HelpCite Them Right OnlineBrilliant guide to Harvard Referencing, best place to find layouts, help, advice.</p> <p>Books in the library:Neville, C. (2010) The complete guide to referencing and avoiding plagiarism, 2nd ed. Maidenhead: Open University Press.Pear, R., Shields, G. (2013) Cite Them Right: the Essential Referencing Guide, 9th ed. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.</p> <p>Subject Guide Citing and Referencing Tab:http://libguides.city.ac.uk/business/referencing</p> <p>Tools to help:Citation software: RefWorks, Mendeley. More complex but helpful for storing/reusing references. Contact the library for the RefWorks code. Mendeley is free. Word has built-in functions as well.</p> <p>Any Questions? </p> <p>www.city.ac.uk/libraryHelp In Person: Library desks on the 2nd and 5th Floor, and at CassContact Catie: catie.tuttle.1@city.ac.uk or 020 7040 4151Enquiries phone number: +44 (0) 207 040 8191Help Online:Library Website: www.city.ac.uk/library/ Subject Guide: http://libguides.city.ac.uk/cassbusinessschool </p>