1. 1. 'l'LiJIJI-IJIITSHFL ED. . LTD.
  2. 2. ü li b 2:$šu„#ä$%æžä%tä$žwLfèü$%u. %LfW%muäi; ötw5 äakLrwentèæfæéoäükžæääëääty9-@u„m%$4E#6Vä ižämääw-74žWbN-v+w-: yE; ~7&HmLtä$žË7uđ7A @Ëšä ííž Eifäšäc ËŽËHDËËËWËH žšäiæfähöfäuææüx Eöfmfíüäëläóííäi æääväífäèæüx üäžfšätfšfco ž-æävu-Tæx yzv-áíwsüšfktcí/ EEEL tľš$ä$æüËI~HJæämüu. äty9~æB$%: -xflæäümtrš tä%®Ëü%%žääL„üäžmätèæfľäfbčo ätwä-®m&%*B$%: ~x(%æm® u`äË-$Ëä®EľižKmË ënbľ%%@W%%ŽižHžK%bnTwôož&®HtAEH„#ä$%f&D` RäkæižfæwäääkäšäB$%üžËü? ôtwô: ~xæEmžËüT5t bKM„ü$%Ëä$äË#$WRTËôoítä$žËËT5:tK; of. HÄË %®è®®ËmËh#%íb×Ë6wmHÄË%&%%ËË$Tš5l5t&5„twö Wäèæ5„%iđ„ä$®%wäAK;5Ëä? &5t#„ääiæääwèæëæü ä%®ä%%äüf5:t&E`%t`wa-Lm«täüš$wæbää%tao< äiäüæümuišwo L#L„znifæamæääfu. ä$®äËumk®žä%®%üKën6n5® #ËËT„ä$®ËËË×%®ËË®äLëK6W#b6f. ä$®äËË? äH®M% &Eä+%u&änTštkuwi&wo%äät$u~o-o$mü<%äWb%Lf ËäbTw<L#&wčwômËüäaLtvbË? u„Ë$? HäL<Liö#Ëä èëwmffæèo $äžW5Kätoru. žfä$æäLäž%æ; öu%üLTatom iææüääm üwäëM äšü-ääü(7w77Nyb&E®ä%i$auäôtwöü)m a$%æäa>x%Aææ%ü(vema-mtwaaæmm)m 5%@-ëäüáëæäü mLælö&äLëžËäËKËWë%ètbKu&čËËä%%&ä%ë%ËTæô št. itľä$ä$Jtwö; ö&%mmæä®äi&EAT„žääutbæif æj~wtwö讞äËLT%5:aè%Ë&®fu&wübö#„äuiäüfæô
  3. 3. ľË$%ä®äHšK$T<éäšžèëLmäæwèmuäífäáèćmöæfmü <„ä$®üíë%%%%Käi5a#„äwuoüwètbæääwäčäwowfä zak». Wææäižü-BmäžäžüäwuièxôüäääütLræäiíä á5%%#&Hnđ&5&wtäbn5„ätHä; <Ë5ä$èËämumbLWf 'éšížämšľfšëžäľbäct èíciälfáäąëo Jéoá= <žä$ž%è`? L<Ëäíë Eľäékiä Küäüääfäočš%6n5iôtü6&wtwô%VËmËËËËËDGËŽË nb? ËJI/ &Zíäwáüiötzľbæfžvwèfëèo $%®E%u. ä$ä$aw? &Ëof. žË%u 1.ä$KË? ôH$(iä-ääü-Ëwæw-w-ššü-äšüč)žwäm Käžè 2.ä? ®ämüü(Im#6®š%®$M-määææäüääæäm-äiææ šüwèimšäèäüfèztáäääüæämèü)žowè 3.äitäižmofèäänmtfæämwvewbütfämfäèi6&Ë ih. ämmLh„Ëä&&EžIkä%& twöläfáëoBË5A`ËËë%äHW? K%LTü`äAËŠ$fŠ5;öKL &Užttáüäclľaübuľtliuvöífwärwo g$ä$wËmËËKäto(mmææHmžËm?5tbæü$ž%~äK%ž 'C DJĆFUDJZ "J ? äilíläfžäšäíá L7; æäiæüiäžäiëtbmäi(žüii-üšľi-ääiiëä)žümí 790 ®ä? hž%MKo&WètbK? ä'Ë%č&èé$%&%ääË×%ËäK Ebnèäiæäso ®%Ë@üË%äiètbK„äÄ%&%ËčLTäËT5äižËU„ítäää ž%OË$WËèËË®äËíčl5K%Ë?5o @ËmEË%ä%ü#%wäi%%m15„@%M%HæT%LwäimËä&L Eíiäwämæľäüääæäähs; UFäüä%n+Ë®mämígËË HäLx„) ®A%~ü%®ä$%H$I<äufèíäæäitowmmSmiwmwfsm %+5„ cæxôëbwa5w$®muu„$äu%æË$äW#iw&æ@m&<%æä$ #m®äiæäžä&orw5æf„%æä$æ%šËžËá5:&Tmæž<®äi #Ëiv? <&5kwö; ö&$æè%än<m5oít. $ä$%ä%ä%?5%u„
  4. 4. MaAub#bv+w: a4%aAææ%%%w5;öègærææcawšštæaa ËžËwT4Ää®$W? %ËčuËotä%Ë%äTLTËè&C5áëč: tËBW VJLTË < o wfnKLf$4ËËËËEWŠWH4%ËKäH%üoTAt%ËËËhTW#&H nđ%%um%&w4®f&5#è4:amw$æmäuow<è4ëæuäwaäaw IIJCVWNŠYČČË/ “äfwčo Ärlšlíiäüääľiľaíæľšäfäirë4 iíšcäíüiä/ Níläblt èfäö äš žäväcväwgrzo ć-äížáfš èfžwä< đäjíäčlíäoftnfcfčš4 C"Ë<R4 čäľkäžxutfíbf hđfëuvözägôo xëæmkäüæmiwääžëwëææwämLä$žËM%7w~7æxyn_ 4A#%Mš~%4>äfäL%w4ääL4mbTštèæ? ä5N4šhyy-fa iTM%äž<®EÄäüüü%#%š4%%KËËTËmLTAtLf®ëí$í&š ą›m%-wšaáwmënto%æææxmw%4Ëą4a44äumxmuamën Twbawzbo: m4%&xžbää%®mH®z%äünu4ä$$Ë®×w: fA ? %$ä$®žiË&EKËLf4mbmanæwmäaüđüäžwtümto: ng 0775!?cotlxröwšzëèššľáFh L l-. of`7ítu›oásš. ą'ąa›žääca>ë $750) t z ômäíššjľíbíol/ ITLL äük$kžË%WM%H®$äWžRK5mmLtgääKËUGäüüžwüí ë%K4üüiž®EüËWžäKË%Lfwtü~1bšU7®E$%~EÄKKWË MËW4VbjU~-RawľE#W<ËE%WššUT<ütoít. äËW%üTE ætofu. mmt%®üžEmW%H®4#UxAM%$4?dvævk-mwæua ËËLT4ev×ä%%%®ü~%m9to%n#64ääm#5ä2Wiü: æAžüo 1ä? &M%Ltä%<æääætaveætäämääauxyrèšnècaufš &waL#L4$šæWäuæ?5ËEu4T&<ä$$ËW%7w~7®xym~fæ èääKä5®f4kfæđääžäüwttwtäöo &$4Ä%®%䮞ËWë®üä%d4UTæËDTäèoDuäwälšääí ---- ~ 14 24 34 44 54 64 74 254 264 274 364 444 45 ŽËJK ? íćš ---- --114 124 134 144 284 294 304 334 414 424 43441? E41* ---- ~ 84 94 164 174 194 204 214 24_ 34, 354 374 38 Zíitäfäl ---- - 104 154 184 224 234 314 324 394 40šta 214%@ l/ C4 “èšëiwläžíä -šíáľľwèzouxftibüä4 ËEË - äšäbcouxrmä 7í<4 ËTZËËË ° ËDŠËJËSJ:U°`ËŠTËEËLCOI×= T6iTËËJ4 Ëľlíäüääćli číHiËFJäVlz- 15776:„ III
  5. 5. om<dE#4èwôlôt%ËLfäËËHot„ Ë%K4$%žWü4äËTôä%ž%äí<Eägtääxžľäääžäækü- æää<%äæääæ>9-E)&ü®Iž%®mämm%ää(üt>7-E)n%< @ä$L: Wtw„$švmmën5:5uu44Aæxyn-æöBæ2Au4ä&m %@Tš%Lt>7~ž$hfwè&Ebnô#ÄËWWüKbtmä*®ËE%%o T<ËäoËk>9~®Z7v7®ËkK®#BËäLtwčEô01990511 7 H üüižääæäätya- ä$žËM%rw~7M%+Ë% ËÄ U6 %$ ä?E#ËË%IV
  6. 6. iëælínjí$äæWämHáu58ä0üä4ääæmüuäæišuäofwao W ë määä ä$®ä(ä$®üi% ää maza w~m% %®ä®ËËä$KË? èä%) (itufg) šzíížäi (áääämiqzíu)24.ä$®%šf m%~%Ë2-2. ËËAËŠË 5~105a~T 2g; ääüË m%~ää 44455512( 1155111145) 206}üuioä$%äv? ~A&E m~müämä$äu%ä%%æ%®ä%@äč;5u? $4>änrw8#4:: t%Lt%ämüž EžK4%äšäË4%%%ä®æ%tmDf4üäIæLfuLw„lzhybl 1:911m4äíæwäæääžüwètbæšľmžäääaäbn88æ&Fäiæ%1aLT1ä%f0wËä(1~2~-7ää)u3tbt8æ Tb%oä$®$W4üíË4%Ë&E4wb@5ä$čwöš®ž%äTètb®Ë% æH#K4%Ëä°Ëä®Ëb#&@w~w? &öt#4Ëäæmätišää(Ëää ä-Xwää-ämääüä)üæ5t#4ËË®ä%K;6%Ë(üË°ž&®%%- šüüä-ëä-Ëä-üäèä)%%Eu; b%ä(mH-ËË-ää-æäääx ä$æË%%äË@%%üæä%&E4ëääi&á®#äínrwbo: nu4:æ;5&%%? ËEË#ŠËË®ä$Ëäüæätuäüfä5ć%ž5#6fæèáümL Ë%(%$ü4?ëLWEÄ%)?19XFK&oTw5®T4ËËËKËËČLTËA v: ë%8:z#fšè„ämm475xæ%b®%9@%æm$now<Ë%%%wt D4ŠË%ćËL%otD4%Ë&74X#owfwôäfü%hžËotbLT4Ž@ Ë#%®äfËH5kLTw5:čžE%LTwô#E5#%%TôoËËKLT4NË ~w%ËË(žË%W? Ëf+ËE%fäfwhđ4Ë<$nôËËf$lw)Tëôč #4:: fäAü: zä4&KäË%uu4%æäæx4v7-vtLfæËKä04% ®ä@ä$Ëämm1%æüHt&5üf&®f4ä%üfščfHËË<Ë%%? Tb 8;ö%hLruLwo
  7. 7. 1:9 12114 3oo>äľááwæetcoruwbo zqæžäëyľæäšjæ2-2®ä$%Ë42-3®Ëš%ËTä6o2-1®%%Kü4%®Ë$®%%ë®i wžkš<žL4%®$®š%4i&%%®ä$4@äžäütf4æžbähnáwä Au( )KAnt„mä&u%0#&æäuF-J&Ant„%æTæWtu4äi ®%ämž1EfOËL4ít4%®ä$%ËgtšÄ%&ä%æM%4%ËËËAf4 %®äA&ä%%ä%t„ääæä&uT®; önä$1$%: ttV-Jfäwof ( )®mK%L4%®&uš0#&%HwmJw1mmäüáäaäžtèääf &čeËLËËküöžzä) šbä= jíš 73: big KŽUËVN - 75%) a university jcĐJUd/ i - tb? ) 743: important *ji/ His č:755) an adult 2-zmäaäätz-3æäšüËæ%%u4%n? n4IaHtü#nrw&#4 Lmä%%&%äLwüËü4mummüüäwöääámfæèoäA%ËK%Lf bi L#ä$m&ä%®äA4HwüwäA4&w5;öt&o<w5„%šüË® EKM4ífäoTw&wä$žäotäË8%äëníw5®f4ätwawömä röiäąèfrš Lľtácwöi 10m7 Đ a yæiääbsh žäižtfiëžäüääcíáëíebäbšiæüè đľčóiác<4 m5w? )&šäæëíólíšhľtflnè7c0>iđ>šľľilšëääíæääžic7bšíäëá>ižè : tfæoT4%: K%%ënfw5šË%$<Ëáä85:tfuáwocæctuž *äät 4, l (Ëíľlíë-á MLä-/ Jäwbao I . amar a z;191:114 äžä$đr~íäqfçzlšmzääš %&%L#äËTw&W®T4äK&5č4E®%7va>FäËË%Ë@N~Vč$ ZM) äzaæfæèoëf41ä#5mäi@u475xfT$Kä$æ%šËž%šLruLmæf42- 1 1:20ó}ížfš4 2 - 2 t 2 - 3 <7) I .0)%[šá}1:/ ;šáwè“C20á}7ršËž71w1`4 H . æšíšwiíääš é:IJCËËEPfL v 75544 1157411123134 2 - 1 k 2 - 24 2 - 3 0)I.0)%lšá}1i-?5Eš'ë1žVI
  8. 8. TŠT4%Ë&ä%t$®èä52æäK%; väLTä%l5K%5„ä51@ü4Ë šott:5%%%T5utEb42-2æH(kæäaää)è1;v+3@%A%K šä&ä<; ôuLTw<„%šüËæm; (&äWfu4mäU%Km. äbfwmü ggonfëè)u$%nLT8;wL4žE#Ew%uu4Ëäžä<+5tbKæ@ na iröšèfčôôo žäižš( ZK* Fliíkäüfjíšb>t4 ífđcmäšläš : E15 žëfáèččfëwvšfôčo ä$®7öxËËäTôä%u4%®ä®ä$w-F? ä%w~F%Ë%LTw<%Ë 2%bo7äv9;-w~FtL<4š%; <äAäË%ä%5tbKäöđ#0f&<4 W~F®ä$žüA%b%TËË%WčËËžLtU4ääđčüäw-7%H%T5ü ËžLt04%H#änđ: $%w~F@mäWi®%Ë%35&Ew5w5Tæ@šL„ 72354 Häèmäfžäížšáwèôfíšcítäu 'ĆŠfLČfÄŠËGZËËËŠŠÄíËCCľNT4 1%? " üämæ/ ~1(mggmæmæ/ -1T81w#4774w-/ -1æw-XU~7- / -bäæmäüôätäw)ËËbË5:t$äíLm„%ö? nđ4žæüľšžä èrfaiYäííílšlèífábiLábííFäfšFéfrë-Táäo1:17 I~ 3 11ä4u141:1;1:1;9 1 3 a m.5155172011144, 1111660515114%äüæäA#6íäüæäA«4ä5KüËä$%äotväLw11-U-æääæ ËÄNĆ4%äKO&WTw<: aËË@Lt$®WľË#4&$u4Tščfüäxä Mæäawžëvíxôæäbto1æ1%žüo<è%%%$KE%L;5a}5æ@ u&<4äáentäxyžmm95æu%ä&%äüwž%oTäü4æèwuáüæ Ë%Ëkš<O#A&#BË<äü4&EÄä®Ë%? æäAæW%KüđHè: čKl U4ä@üžËü?6:t%ËËLtè®fô5oËmtwB%~m%fäA4ää%:äüèzzžëžuwafëèo3fäää%fuæ5#4ž$#9Lf8äüäLA% 51571991( hľtlfčËËoff/ FOŽJO Š V) "Čičeæuoľväiľáx 'čžiľbwj : æ-Iz7üay1i4 1w1o1æ89118æm0500004ää%fv8twö%Ëü&<4ääüämææèäuäiđxwoää æElärèfczlšlTc è:írôš 5 L4 : nžžäfmlášäæä ? Xiäcèfcíärëäëäën &èinè w5üüwhwvš5aEöo%%#bnđ4ä$Wä%t%Afw<: t8fšèüô "144 5äšl'è4:“è:1:1:c4íšíá"g*šíj! zæl<-v7bííxvľt'cáígč›æ'č4 áéüääæľšíšužäfë LTĐŠ Lw. , íääé:LffzËtüä-*èfš „two är. uLuæ<ifhätyy-væm9ä%®Bm%%$äMn4æcbmäžVII
  9. 9. iäü®ä$æäAüËuËa<w%nžüíurüotääüæ04mün-z@ü4 mT®;5K1B1ä®m_zfä%mäb6nTw5o1:vä(%%):cA1u;8Im-iüælwätäiæäaüä (ääææääiđääžwæää) 2:vË(%%):DËFUw 3:7Ë(%%):éäüä 4:vB(%%)I ä$äË-ääüä4 37 E @ËŠËHË ' ËËJAŠËËWHËËËIL ? SË/ ŠËKËŽËËËCËO 'Cl/ *čđľmiír < 4 1553* ËËËËËËŠËHËĐCËT < ôžäíšääæääaäíäsä LJËVK 5% V) @GOËËIË ËÄŠËËËO f:W%%&ä$üËälwä%ËšKäfTwL„: ®iôK4W®ľäüč®%Ë$W% fôč#B4%%®75zæääuäbäfwôwôèüwľžľíLfwtüštwä E50í fc.ŽËËTŠËËË LËËZIËŽŠ$BOO$ 114 HËË5JC4 : I -ODC A I `/7 I* 4 "Let's learn Nihongo" *`/ ') ~; Č0) "ŽËŽVDËEËJ 36.4203 TËËËËŠÄËËËËŠËËJ (1988) ä:Ëíiëíštfux 5®f4%ËfËmTè1čËfŠ5oVIII
  10. 10. Lesson Irsmuoj» ši ää 7Ë$®litt L (Lectures on Kanji)Žjľôľëfzíä?-1 - (Kanji made from pictures -1 -)The ancient Chinese drew pictures of various things around them.These pictures have gradually been Simplified and have taken on a square shape tomake them easier to write.This is how the present Kanji characters were made.Each Kanji,therefore,carries a specific meaning. Look at the following picture. Guess the meanings of the Kanji characters below. 1.[_[j 2.}l|3.55] 4.7[<5.E] of] 7.j 8.l`_`I &ä 10.FEJ
  11. 11. Lesson 1These Kanji characters were made from very primitive pictures as follows.Usually each Kanji has at least two ways of being read;the so-called 'KUN YOMI' (Japanese reading) and 'ON YOMI' (Chinese reading). Picture -°> Kanji 'KUN' 'ON' Meaning-> EI U [N ICHI] sun'á Iday -' H O Š [GETSU] moonmonthG J@~~ i ~ 7|< ä [MOKU] tree Ll_J[BOKU] ` -* [l] R” i [SAN] mountain-+ Jll #b ( [SEN] ) river -' Ä U č:[JIN] man [NIN] person-' D -' D < 'E [KOU] mouth-*-* i ( &i [SHA] car ËË»-›-› F?ova") [MON] gateN( -› EE] -› EE] r:[DEN] rice field / L ( ) reading is rarely used. When a single Kanji is used alone as a word,we usually read it by its 'KUN YOMI' (Japanese reading) which gives its meaning.When Kanji are used together with other Kanji to make a word,.we often read them by their 'ON YOMI' (Chinese reading).Generally speaking,however,the way of reading Kanji shouldbe decided according to each individual word.
  12. 12. Lesson 1æ-ËŠG) ž iähíš?(Basic Kanji)2 - 1 ,$ä$® iržiľrf;(Kanji Writings) < žiä/ „GDJD-Jb (Basic Rules)>! la-JD l I Make every Kanji the same size and put themin a square.›< ass.os ; Iz-JD 2 Z Follow the basic stroke order.`(1) Write from left to right.“ë__p(2) Write downward.i i(3) Draw strokes from the top to the bottom as follows. _a2 to? :(4) Draw strokes from the left to the right in the followingorder.J ííl(5) Draw a square in the following way.l 3učim: :--» (6) When there is a figure in the square,the line which closesthe square is drawn last. l 2-1 3 4 5 li f7 Illl Hi lji c. f. When a stroke line passes through a square,draw that stroke last.I 2 3 4 +5 s JQ @LT li ri;g ni;a 77JIz-llv 3 Z There are three basic ways to end a stroke. CD Stop® Stretch® Hook
  13. 13. i ., ~ › ~ 1 ' x r .. a.'ç m ' ' ^ , ._ . . `„„ * . , u:,;ii ' .,Ä . .„. . .í_ .; v' í i ':. ž -a i=› u s r .š,„a u › z;i E i?š. - - “ . .. * é ,i á < ,. g _ „. ,, .i “ 1 ' " . r ' " i“fm , . „ .'~-': ííf”, ;._~': ,k*: . .,M„ Ž .:z g z' 'a * .. , „ š z .i *í -i Ž ' Ë.; a I i l I l) I l I š i v' I i i I I I w xVii@ tit! ? - .ii š:jine. 'f f&g;Sauna , ,, .L„A _ g,. .. .z' g“ vi 2 L i = i i ~ i v' v ą .“ i ; ;. i u .~. ~›-; " n.,. . „. ' M š ,A c 31., !' .. . *. * , gi „. , ç H ,i i .X _.› x ( l .i i .i r .p 2 .»s .g* I ii ` ` v 4 ~ i 3 .i s iľií1T l“ šav: ) . a am. .; Äi ' .sam@
  14. 14. Lesson 1siriverJll (#19) a river 3"( ! WH (Čël/ *Za ° 75379) the Nile Riverril fc/ -fš (5)ce field mI_ . U . - -ËI . EI . - I- _- . - _- . - . - I.I_ _- . - I-7' ' ? SC apanese nameí _ I' .a .„ ' Z / L ąrro i vor ' i ccc v.or,EHVd/ olí' a ric ' ld IlJEH H°í ' 75) nese name onman persAGM: ) man,a person 3Ä(Ëk ' lC/ v) threU (< Ë) i!mouth ÄlľlU/ ”O ' ČË) an entrance
  15. 15. ËKčí) acar 'ËËVĆ/ n LI? ) atrain ËËŽJËUË ' 31°: ) ' L? ) a car,an automobile v? WE A. ) a gate ËFËHËA - *b A. ) a speciality
  16. 16. Lesson 1i,,. „__ -í---^"*2 - 2 .&tI/ u( Reading Exercises)l. c_›, .~-' . uI.Write the reading of the following Kanji in Hiragana. 1.* _ &ä 3.5 4.? ? 5.56. j( 7. 13 8. Lu 9. Jli 10. E51 11 A 1:1 _12. [JJ H? ! ä/ tLEËIËE ZËEËB &ŽËËE &Baš5. ž: : . t 5 a:3 H 1 5 stra“.Today is the 15th of March. 6. &FJUD/ iiililll ë / x/C"3`o That man over there is Mr.Yamakawa.7. LLUII ë Ali Eiä/ VĆTO Mr.Yamakawa is a Japanese. 8. EËVDUMŽËŽËUYĆTO That mountain over there iso( if Mt.Tsukuba. 9. CUJJII HËUÄËJHTTO This river is the Tone River. 10. Jll EH ë/ »UDËFËHŠËTTO Mr.Kawacla's specialty is cars.
  17. 17. 2 - 3 .#ž 11A.b Kb 5 (Writing Exercises)
  18. 18. Lesson 1ll.Fill in the blanks with an appropriate Kanji. 1. January1D! nëbi")5. May5Dv*J75V)9 .September9D < 11V)'GA,l/ 'P17 .Mt.Tsukuba21 .a JapaneseDÄD(I. iii» UA. 2. February 3. March 4. April ? D SD 4D il 75') 'ë/ v 79V) L 75')6. June 7 July 8. August 6D ? D 8D 5( bi") LË #V3 U15 75V)10. October 11. November 12. December IOD 11D IZD [još ; bio [sačuva : bia Uoči:#914. Sunday 15. Monday 16. Thursday@| i|@D DËD : :s .25 o* efo . .të8< 41") o' 18 Mt.Flljl 19. population 20. a specialityäiü Cíl ŠD. Sx U Ë/ v Lil» 51") 'tt/ u {Mu22. Mr.Yamada 23. Miss Yamakawa 24. the Tone River[[hA[[hAwmD? i Č @i #b č 7h ni? )
  19. 19. Lesson 2tiv a;_a ä 2 ä .12 *y l* l `ŽŠ$®ii7Žtl× (L_ectures on Kanji)ŽiPBTËfT/ ËŽ - 2 - (Kanji made from pictures -2-)Look at the following picture.Each drawing indicates a certain meaning. Guess the meaning of the Kanji characters below. 1.9( K2.1: 3.5; më 5.7» ruž mi 9.55
  20. 20. Lesson 2These Kanji characters were made from very primitive pictures as follows.Remember that each Kanji has its 'KUN YOMI' (Japanese reading) and 'ONYOMI' (Chinese reading). KanjikPicture -'>i v' mËžëäx"~ 3ší~ 7lá~ 7J<'61 Ä P ` 9:51:13 @as i l" ? s l/. .g/ :Ëąáž~fc~i~i ~ä~ší~~e %~r~a(l) >1 “illš?g. .›i„ pštäšweaæett ciiiiäw) št? ??J'KUN'UA? :#inJö/ »Ë(its-së)N-šô*J-ížrtôäšLON! [KA][SUI][KIN][DO][SI-II][JO][GAKU][SEI][SEN]Meaningfirewatergoldmoney metalground earth soilchildwomanfemalestudylivebirthforegoing previousUsually the 'ON YOMI' (Chinese reading) of Kanji will be written using Katakana in a Kanji dictionary.Therefore,students are expected to learn Kata~kana as soon as possible after mastering Hiragana.
  21. 21. Lesson 2ËZËŠUJËCŽ/ uíš?(Basic Kanji)2 - 1 .?ËËWËŽ #fc (Kanji Writings) < ŠCŽAUDË (Basic Strokes) >(1) a horizontal line WË O*: (či ni».u_- j;ä(Z) a vertical line 'JË/ Päb ? í 7m».) l U i LL) (3) a slanting line Ut Š #iliA ? li / ä(4) a short hookOš A? : C m,ä ; je í (5) a long hookšoö : C6ë Š im».;li 71“ ; Q(6) a corner<5 Je:im».D LL](7) a dot and various short lines U 7.5( 75421 @HN
  22. 22. Lesson 2JUU) fire KLIJUJ“ ° 57v) a volcano WHËE (75* - . I 5 ° U) TuesdaywaterIIIIIIIIIIII IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII*(9733) water 7l<EH HW“ ' 'Č/ v) a rice field ÄHËE (T143 ° J;'J ' U5) Wednesday13 / _ gold,money ` i metal (8). Ja sena ŠËHË / o-JIČ' l Fr'
  23. 23. ?(Č)<`: "(› achild ŠC(io`/ ,72)@? (C) a girl ËTŠËUJL;' L ° 175( HËW) agirl student(3)IIIIIIIIIIIII IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIËüíô/ „ËČWJÄ (U Š: ) a womana student a school. aä-gx) -:5)ËË (tf/ x, - a teacher
  24. 24. Lesson 2previous 'i * foregoingaŽÄJŽDŽ:L/ ëbfc( L) I ŽLÄZËËŠN/' V) O ° ? ËËW - ZFK) a private university
  25. 25. Lesson 22 - 2 .Jíčľiľ/ p L o 5 (Reading Exercises)I.Write the reading of the following Kanji in Hiragana. ll.Write the reading of the following Kanji in Hiragana. l.ČŽLUZUUIIËAUDŽSËTËB2. ? bÄídž/ uo 7l<í' < ? ËËËWO3. ZËODËCWAHËËTË}4. ŽLLiËČËËTGiËVJ i'd/ oo5. ËEHËAiiÄË®ËEËTTo6. ŽJUJËCTËËËI 2 1 “čio That girl student is 21 years old. 7. ŽLUDËŠi/ ËËBiËI 9 6 OËIËËIIETË} Mydateofbirth is the 11th of March 1960.
  26. 26. Lesson 22 - 3 .#ž íh/ t L kb 5 (Writing Exercises)1. Fill in- the blanks with an appropriate Kanji. 1. I 2. a student 3. a woman 4. a child 5. a teacher FbËL bi( “ITU «iS/ niži 1 tľ/ x, -lzľln 6. money 7. water 8. fire 9. the ground 10. gold
  27. 27. Lesson 2ll.Fill in the blanks with an appropriate Kanji. 1. Monday 2. Tuesday 3. Wednesday 4. Thursday 33 33 33 33 I [Bel il [HËD Die-D DEED H"?.JI5 (f il* ali: ) U*° 'Tin . K5 U' š( i: ) U* 5. Friday 6. Saturday 7. Sunday 8. a woman DHËD DHËD DHËD D0>D ä/ u 4:5 U" E ;5 U5 (115 J15 U Ës/ »IËC U2: 9. a girl 10. a girl student 11. a university 12. a fire D <0 D ËDDD i D D ä als/ LI? : 1 U. : L bi( «in ffh m( i» L 13. the date of one's birth 14. a rice field th* #alu ? bia U TL* 'ČK 15. a private university 16. my teacher 17. ahead D : L i D D W Dj D i:L Do fini »M zbtL w.ev šës18. Mr.Kaneda 19. Miss Tsuchida 20. a gold carDIN» DZM DWD ; bwin fc" 55 f5 š/ L(ëí
  28. 28. Lesson 2 "LvTwiT#” )? žiT#i(Do you know these words?Can you use them? ) < 73 l/V5- (a calendar) >[Questions]1. ZFJIZEIHWBËE (äc/ tiözf) str». 2. 2 E15 56145153@ E (fire3. 2 F117 El #145153 El 137%4. 2 F] 21 El 614515323 El ? #7555. 2 Ë 23El liiílľlËEl “(3755
  29. 29. Lesson 3Ëkľnë/ »Är I I æ 3 a? l_v I~ 1 TŠU ? ili (Numbers)ŽË$GDCI7ËC b ( Lectures on Kanji )Abstract ideas like numbers are indicated with the fingers and othersigns.Look at the following signs.5o" isv the Hiragana ending. Sgn -> Kami `KUN' ” -› í7-›-~-› - UČ-O g» z a : :-› :„gm-o 422% s» ž -› E» 3 Jako-O LUllá/ Jmzą SP* 6D* [m : ta-o sele ~ av a3+2 lxlll“ SAE* I:~ 7<3+3 ? Nähtv i:ew 5+2 4H4KON! [ICHI][NI][SAN][sm][GO][ROKUl[SHICHI][HACHU[KYUUl[KU] [JUU]hđeaningonetwothreefourEvesixSGVGHeightnineten
  30. 30. Lesson 311v | ~ 2 äEšæwžcä/ „íäž (Basic Kanji)2 - 1 .7Ë$®7b°ž im*:(Kanji Writings) Ll- (U č:) O one (thing*JUUČ ° U) one (person) -Ë (WË ° if? ) January “ËËUNË ° žalu) one year&LJ;:. (2): (5739 two (things) : Ähäuf:' VJ) two (people): F1 (63. - NO) February : ËFU/ C ° 12A) two years a _ L_ : :i 73% ćurqu+9~ z »magnum ZZS„: :L°; ;°) F:three Jak o -9 *H* ľ/ "q (3)E(o7a~o)O three (things) Z El (áëko ' 7?) the 3rd dayEË (ËA ' ŽFO) March E$(ë/ o - 19A) three years
  31. 31. Lesson 3iäil ima <Ä×Ä<Ä aya:(mwm 24 four i 0-9 "x E . lik/ eli (5) _T |l?rilmlvu DEI l l l i l l l l l [El t;on four (things) am a (i 5 - a) the 4th day 17.5115] (l,' 7559) April [EIËFU:- 73A) four years (El/ x (áz-LIÄL) L4 Fersohns 25 ž five no-o : f(4) 'Tai i iL I í(ľz9)9 five (things) ËEE (V9 ' 75“) the 5th day EH (Ć ° 7559) May Žííkí“ _- ŽQ/ v) five years_E/ ×(_; ;x 4:4.) s ? em-wa 26 lg. . trg-o 1217/137-/(4) 7T(ŽJ`9)9 six (things) **El (UV 75“) the 6th day ? U3 (7>< ' 7559) June ËËVJ( - A) six years: na &<- um e Eersovæs 27 99"(Z)tüíäíroľ) 7 cosas 7t)?(LËËŠO) Julio'li El (7ŽE0)75>) 7° dia -ËËU/ Ëžél/ y) 7 aüos 'lS/ UËUŽČlČ/ xz/ LËlC/ u) 7 personas
  32. 32. Lesson 331 503W) 600 čio mao 800
  33. 33. 35a thousand yen3,000ten thousand all,every' IIIIIIIII -EPËMË - &A - 71A) 750357» ' Č.<)ten thousand yen all countries? Ëwö ' (If) Chiba pref.(3) l-'NŽ/ x) a circle,yen ËFIHUJP( 71A) 100 yen íí$l]i(Ć"Ë/ v ' Ž/ v) 5,000 yenyear Č l,Ž~ `/ age (6 ) 2 1-- 1;- ; íç 4 E_ í Eiæb-ôž) persona mayor,viejo/a šlë$®b - 71.170) afio pasado ËEË;' ŽQ/ u) aüo pasado @EC - EL) este afio
  34. 34. Lesson 32 - 2. JZoËh/ t b kb 5 (Reading Exercises)Write the reading of the following Kanji in Hiragana.(Read vertically from the right. )l] l / Ë JQ *í 3@ Ž í “Ž 7% / Ë “Ž 'El T Z C íí š ~* E r 66 C ilJ - š Ë 0) H ; t ft ä í i 0) U) B3 Ë lľl i:< 35 7 JK :ti LU š ? (3 t El a:EI a:?a El z a:a:ä : F li U) ti iL 35 š Z [li] 0) P?_- é?A T Ë 7? *T* “l” 55 T „t III k* ft + x i bi _| ...ö o:h EJ m] :3a'.i 75 Im sa g;El 7'< V) 0) ` ` El h lľl *k ` jL “C ; F El 7l< O i “C )l× T* #L EH š ii 75 f* . g E F!a“ “č “s” f* 7% Fq Ž) A 'al' 7 |Z ° T o ? L F] l) <" ° El E “l” ° O Ž Ë› 75 EH HH “d” V 'T 7? El ? T Ë.A,“Ć ° jL ` ` ° T |A i ° A @í š Z P?í T.1. ?100 2. %6,900 3. $600 4. 51511000 5. 4 months 6. 8 years 7. Professor Yamada's age is 49. 8. This car costs #450000 9. That mountain is 2,000 meters high.10. One year has 365 days.ll .l.the 3rd of March Z.the 24th of June 3. the year 1985 4. 03-3469-8251 5. Today is Wednesday the 9th of September.6. The 5th of May is Children's Day.7. The population of this country is about 60,000,000.
  35. 35. Lesson 32 - 3 .753% 11A,b kb 5 (Writing Exercises)Fill in the blanks with an appropriate Kanji.5 3 vv< u u? váA &cm5 . ŽMak na9.Ur< . Ž&ima00. 41m0 . HumV/. .Ž U@.7 : aaT ; A „sa aa &A . ŽC CC CMU. : 0b. .HOn? ? . O
  36. 36. 27. 24. tb U b 7: KD _CC_ b 5 33 U) Š C 'H' ë:b_ L Ž).Ë ii a CC 7 ___ e C_ b 79“ CC “5 O _ g:w5 o5 “Č ti u a - . . a O ; U 753 CCC ž 'p o CC 5 U* r __ < 5 C < 26. i:F“ l:o »aa _C. C_ 5 _C 5 C. .. Z" ć:?a š 7» i 1. #20 2. #300 3. #6,000 5. #520 6. #850 7. #47,000 8. 10 years 9. 100 years 10. one person 12. three people 13. four people 14. 15. the 1st of January 16. the 2nd of February 17. 18. the 4th of April 19. the 5th of May 20. 21. the 7th of July 22. the 8th of August 23. 24. the 10th of October 25. November 25.21. 18. b g b 7):75; o o 72: J;a) o f7) üx 22. 19. li -; ~* a r _ 75* 75) o o J:V 5 O j;23. 20.5 < < g;7,;o o Š- o za v z» a4. #80,000 11. two peopleone monththe 3rd of March the 6th of June the 9th of SeptemberDecembera m« os.PM. :
  37. 37. Lesson 3 l/ JTWËTË* (D0 you know these words?Can you use them? ) '(3 ? i 'TJ l.JKËË (Greengrocer)l.VJ/ »Ć (an apple) lit *OVW BTËLVN2. ? MT/ v (an orange) LL ~OL×›( 6361-1753. 25355 (a grape) čin “OUW PfCËVTo4. Tľ/ *VŠ* (a watermelon) lab ~ow< BTWŠVJą, 5. »ww (a banana) &it -Azlš (wear/ q w< tara-im,6. š MP5 l) (a cucumber) Lä _ZFK/ M ËFĆTŽPO7. tvt (a tomato) 62h “iN/ W ËTËLFO8. KAD/ u (la carrot) Ci _Zlíl/ W Bfíľiľo9lO.tih?(an onion) lit #OWN BTËVTO : `'~W"`Y (una col) lih *OUKËYĆËWÄO
  38. 38. Lesson 3.fuíè (Japanese Noodle Shop)n i» š f:E ? E í o n** o &a E,,ss 7G 7 % ') #zg ä ; c "J *š* Ë `E E %7 %0 E %vti A ti / v E t* aim t*cf/ x, lfA lik 7?š! El ! El EE &í 7|?ËL iš š š š š š +PJ PËI PTJ PËI PJ PH P?*b V) %lf thin buckwheat noodles served on a bamboo tray5 33/» thick white noodles served on a bamboo tray7N)`~ noodles in hot soupšôíb~ noodles with fried bean curd,served in hot soup (š Oh means 'a fox' and it is believed that fried bean curd isthe favorite food of the fox. )ta@ š ~ noodles with bits of deep-fried tempura batter,served in hotsoup (fzèfaš means 'a badgerľ)E E,(O Š A) ~ noodles with an egg,served in hot soup (Ë Ši means'moon-viewingľ)? Č (TA) / Š-Žľpsv noodles with some fried vegetables and prawns,served inhot soup
  39. 39. LGSSOD 4 TČIDJZ/ »r-? äi Hæ4aŽËŽUDËUËK L (Lectures on Kanji)šëš/ ľö ? ž 7:53??(Kanji made from signs)Abstract ideas which are impossible to illustrate are indicated with thehelp of points and lines.Sign -› Kanji ~ aiai» JE **`F”`F” “F $~$~$~e vi« ažrí~ i a m. : ~J~ m &Š „': Ží . „ gi;_.Ä:$~$ntn* %×~ó7~“77`~ a äľ~©~77~ j: Look at the followings. 'KUN'L7*: 73:75*žsžs~šu›Ëľ/ **ËWbë: (ormar)áo-HèËFËGON! [J OU][GE][CHUU][DAI][sHoU][HON][HAN][FUN][BUN] [RYOKU]bdeaningabove upunder downmiddleinsidebigsmall rootomgni bookhaHdividepower
  40. 40. Lesson 4äääèwžtíhíš?(Basic Kanji)2 -1 .Ëäímäiövë (Writing Kanji) D109 36 above, on up,superior 37 L . Z -ü*`5/< 75-20 down,inferior "WE 7" (3) T(L7:) under T(ë)ü= °č› to own 515770: L ~ Lf: ) younger TËUT ' L4?) to get off 38 : i: middle z: : 7b=+ a a inside p -J.'7 ( 4 ) HIIIIIIIIIIII*(737333) inside PPICWËKDČ ° L/ u) the center **EPPU/ “Ë ° lZË ' 1203)) all day long
  41. 41. Lesson 4 39 7 4' gru (3) HEEIIIIIIIIIIIIII( `Ž5)Šl^=732 big ŽËŠ(TČV - 737@ _ niversity (KM - t):important *ji/ Mist Žac) an t 40 J small,little -ËW “`/a '7 Y l.( 3 ) IMNIIIIIIIIIIIIII/ J×(J6ËU>= IJË7ŠC .INN (a5 - 73719) a brook,a stream / JVË ` at 5 ' ? bio ' ` ` a primary school */ JÄ(Č.Kb) a child 41 root,origin b ë:rk `/true,main (5) í ' a Japanese Surname A. ) a book Zli / v ' " this day líf» ° “C/ s.) the main office 42 )lf hal A' &L4592675“ fway,middle šlížiüi/ c - / SŠ/ o) half **Ëüi ) half a y EHËËHË/ b - li - 61A)
  42. 42. Lesson 443division,part 7.7 minuteMiša to divide t erstand (Č ' «ša/ u) five minutes 7'<6J`(7› o - a? ? six minutesh power,force ability " (V) Š - 75%) dynamicsIIIIIII IIIIIIIIIIIIIIWUËMZ at WAP: : - Č/ v) how many people year
  43. 43. Lesson 42 - 2. etaži/ l. L Kb 5 (Reading Exercises) I .Write the readings of the following Kanji in Hiragana.1.74: 2.461 3.73 4.J:5.?6.43 7. EHF s.tam 9. / häln 10. šifra 11. awia 12. : leo 13. jna?14. il@ 15. th* 16. WE ll.Write the readings of the following Kanji in Hiragana.1. ZfLGiWIDÄŠTTFo Elzlšššiæzíšrre 2.mæëAæäHuüäruæbiaAe 3. O < ŽODLLZËŠËVFË) V) íTo There is some money on the desk.4. ämlzlz/ bäwiælívwbšáía b are There is a small bag in the car.5. jíš biä-#žílíáiiláilií Lfco We divided a big cake in two.6.Ë&t®Ë$HBüW$WËWETT#o 7. lníiíľľížfiľíáišiüä.jLBËílí-iüifše8. LV) ČTUWËË 9. 179525 10. T155
  44. 44. Lesson 42 - 3 .#ž ill/ i, L KD 5 (Writing Exercises)I .Fill in the blanks with appropriate Kanji. 1. . . 9x. DLT: . /// / '/ /// /// / 3. big D š v* 3315“ Bwč LI5 large medium small 4. what 5. what book 6. a small university 7_ power U U V?U e w G3 U m:;za/ o ,iŽ/ v št* rio ni!ban;8. to understand 9. five minutes 10. to divide it in half
  45. 45. Lesson ~4 'Čžiľü(D0 you know these words?Can you use them? )<ŠËTJ$šJ`Š$ (Kanji at a Station) >North Gate i? }×E] HËEIWest GateEE š [I] [IJ&HD -> East Gate an: : XIII' + + S0uth. GateEntranceIiiiil IIIIINNNINNIINIticket gate
  46. 46. Lesson 4H.Fill in the blanks withaappropriate Kanji; 1. inside 2. water power 3. heat power 4. half past nine K] [DC] ËIË []%Ë] 7.3379* *H* 04:( 75* 03:( ( U Uí/ v 5. what time 6. for counting long slender objects TJ' x- - - ËJFËII Ëľj Llj Llj Ëľ/ v U 73/» . ÄŠ/ v Do lľ/ u A l:lí/ u ä/ u lf/ u 7. a Japanese 8. up train 9. down train 10. an adult (I.lik UA,@tf ( ff 33%;73! 11, a primary school 12. a junior high schoolCľlü Eľjü *B05 ; bio Z513. the middle of July 14. a half,1/2 15. one third,1/3 ËLWËW[11Mj ËDWD u;750 73:1» a;,sm m5 A sa „sm wä 16. three quarters,3/4 17. all day longEIJWËQ EľIJ 41/» „ši/ t wë 6:15 U00518. Mr.Yamamotđs specialty is dynamics. Ëľ]ëA®äE1üEľ1sto@ä 62: &A *EA 'Oš bi(
  47. 47. Lesson 4Jzľľää up trainí š : :J * št:<_ ËŽQ : :il Z:"Flľëä down train Exercise What do the following Kanji mean? 1. Eívľt (imxëo)2. Háü (“C*<"Ë)3.ÄD(WUĆË)4.LD(®RU)5. TV) K750)6.äm(o#LC5)7. EE] (KLCË)8. itlíl (št (V5)9.mü(A&AC%)m. HTä(B#<0)
  48. 48. Lesson 5TŠD 3 f3*'ËSËË.12 *y l* l ? Ëíwtití L ( Lectures on Kanji)l“ F» ( 35, ËŽËEGDËHËËhË 7)* b "Čž tuš?(Kanji made from a combination of the meanings) What does the Kanji l_ El _1 mean?It means 'the sun. ' What does theKanji rË _j mean?It means “the moon. ' Then,what do you think the Kanji FEËJ means?It means 'bright'! Some Kanji are made by combining rather simple characters.Now, guess the meaning of the following Kanji. 1.171: 2.171: 5.121: 6. 91%Look at the following examples and see how each character was4. iz?8. i3.77.527- F5combined and made into a new meaning. Combination Kanji 'KUN' 'ON' Meaning EI + E -F E93 aha-z,w [MEI] bright sun moon both the sun and the moon are 'bright' A + 7|:-+ 171: @to [KYUU] rest man tree a man is 'resting' beside a tree A + zli -› 11: ana 75 [TAI] the body man origin the origin of a man is 'the body' Ž( + '?_*T" š [KOU] love,likewoman child a woman 'loves' a child
  49. 49. Lesson 5Combination Kanji 'KUN' 'ON' Meaning EB + jj -› ä : b a :[DAN] a mah,male rice field power 'a man' is powerful in the rice field ? li + 7|( ->li?L [RIN] a wood tree tree two trees make 'a wood' a grove 7|( "l" 7lË “l” 7lË _> ä *b l) [SHIN] a 'forest tree tree tree three trees make 'a forest' a Jungle F?"l" El -** Fali Äöľ/ ff u [KAN] between gate sun the sun can be seen 'between' the doors K 'l' El '_*li 7th“ a cultivated field i r › fire field burn up the field and make 'a cultivated field' LU + E -> Ë' N19 [GAN] a rock mountain stone a big stone in the mountain is “a rock' i( Most Kanji were transmitted from China,however,there are some Kanji that originated in Japan.For example,'lCHHliühU,QjJUiËB) < (to work),llHË( č 5 l? ) (a mountain pass) are of Japanese origin.There- fore,they do not have 'ON YOMI' (Chinese Reading).Many Kanji used to express the names of fish and plant are of Japanese origin.e. g. ËËXtèXa cod) @UnbLXa sardinej)
  50. 50. Lesson 5æiäsæacäaíaí (Basic Kanji)2 - 1 .ŠËËOMTË 75V:(Kanji Writings)HH U57?) Zak* bright,cheerful @(25) ('75 (dawn) to break TÄWPBŽŽ) a body (ZFËUUN - V* <) physical exercises 13573 (KM - V) . .t <) physical strength
  51. 51. l/ Jyklove,like favoriteFFÄWii-Ë” L) a wood / JVFÄWČ ' if?L) Japanese name ***(7)/ v ' š);5) forestryi forest ." ` jungle (12)i IIIII I IIIIIIIIII: ËËUË (O) a forest aiŠËEĐHiV) ' 7*: ) Japanese name ? ËJ/ lľ( LA.' l) A) woods and forests
  52. 52. iälwlll lina IIEIIII IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIF5 (EBV Ć between F15 (i) lí/ ËUË) 5 to be on time ° ' HËFBEHLË - FA. ) time ima </ „ta aya:(awaö)54 cultivated field liËW/ iif;u (9 )*i “i” *m . ..I. .. HH CH) cultivated field B3' . : - li f: ) fields of rice and cropsi” IIIIII
  53. 53. Lesson 52 - 2. . .tam/ t b Kb 5 (Reading Exercises)I .Write the reading of the following Kanji in Hiragana. 1. tt 2. ; š 3.125 4. æ 5. ä 6. na 7. F5 8. me».9. nata 10. {kaži 11. æít 12. härlëí II .Write the reading of the following Kanji in_ Hiragana. 1. ŽLGifÄ-íäüfílfäfío I like physical exercise. 2. ËTŠËËČËCTŠË male students and female students3. ŠVJÄČËĐÄ men and women4. ËČŠËVDFËŠĐCJHŽFË) V) í 'To There is a river between the forests.5. Wäčľ/ “ŠËOWTWÄ i Lite We took a rest in a light forest. 6. áôælhëľ/ *IJJËT-'HËIËË ("El/ ZIWWU íTo_ It takes about one hour to that small mountain. 7. ËHËläAliEË5l/ *Ä“C"9"o Mr.Iwata is a cheerful man. 8. LLWDLLZJIHIŽFË) V) &'31 There are cultivated fields on the topof the mountain.
  54. 54. Lesson 52 - 3 .#ž 11./ z. L N) 5 (Writing Exercises)I .Fill in the blanks with an appropriate Kanji. 1. atree><2=awood 2. atree><3=aforest ü×%E] [1m= D z« mm _ a:»s 'o 3. woman + child =like 4. rice field + power =a man ača/ w??Z.7;" f1: `57ö>6 32: 1 5. sun + moon =light 6. man + tree =to rest DčD= Dčwl č l=a” U OŠ 5)? ? U2: Š 'VT 7. gate + sun =between 8. body's power =physical strength l č I =l D V?D =CD 6/» U 331973 #5675 '5/?5 TSI. ' V)J: <9. fire + field =cultivated field 10. mountain + stone =a rock D č D =D D V?E =U f:Lifsw» ? i ht.vi)11. a boy 12. man and womanuæu= gg [IJ32;:1 ? VE/ u U:
  55. 55. Lesson 5H.Fill in the blanks with an appropriate Kanji. 1. for one minute 2. for two hours 3. for three days TJ' CCD FD Till bio . ši/ u 75%.l;U 71%.590 75* 75%.4. for four weeks 5. for five months 6. for six years DD D 75“ Dj l . Ši/ z. 1.095 fP/ z. I:H?75V» 5( ŽQ/ v ŽD/ x. 7. forests and woods 8. a holiday 9. an inactive volcanoQ1915@LA.VOA.što@ 75= Ë/ ą.10. physical exercises 11. I like cheerful people.”ä Ha:Tèwüff šfsä.th* H( ŽDTËL 511* Uè:T12. Those men are Mr.Kobayashi and Mr.Iwata. ËODDODDËË @ima z.aals-è: : 0a : li *PL@ja/ magbb f:
  56. 56. Lesson 5| l|| HHHHH| ||| H|Hl| l1l| |llÄx( (2995 | |lHHHlllllllllllllllllllllll Review L.1-5El Ë 7( 7J< ? li é* j:LU J ll EI Ä f Ë lil ä F5 'š' Ë 5B í ~ :5 IZEI i 7*:t A 7m + š *T* 7:7 PŠ] J:T EP j( IJ× ? li : l: 5:: * 73 @I il.?PF 72'?E93 47k 174i il?5% Fe?'HH ž?I.Make 5 sentences by using the Kanji above.ll .Fill in the blanks with an approriate Kanji.LJ 1 i D ij F* í* _._~_ C7 i* " El El ___ *Al _ L JIf li55?
  57. 57. Lesson 5lll.Read the following story. [TËZ-ä/ LGDHËL]ifLciElžlíjížæžä-ËĆTO ËFWËËËTËÄ.+Ë7LEI 615' 4 ZPF;Š i Lie FJHËEË*16$ËEífE$%®752f&Aš; öLíf. üuaľääüšrfoËEJËUDiHËEI LCŽLfJËGiEHFFËEEËČUJ^lNŠ í Lfco Nôbiôäc-Ëríéböiľno L ; C110. `a: tt. %r$æat%ž$#zAfortt. atèaäæëaæærmaatto%æëAuB$Aæ%®Afi„~%ËC5wæ5wíxšwä«wšiLt. %Lf.mëwm®ä#<rWAiLt. %®mæmućftšnwfLto*ËŠFËI (Ë/ »ë/ x.) speciality 435%“ (fd/ WHO physical exercises HËËEI (JĆ č (F) day of the week ~ËË (Ć) ~ a language ~7ŠŠ`ÄIŠPŠT°Ë I like ~ ? E155 (tt/ t LI@ 5) last week 41.7115 We l/ ôl/ ôíc various **f9 ~ for each _E5653 (WË Dir/ x.) for one hour~0)'67)“<'Ć near~[LoĐA]1.7?: ~ëAuEÄAf? #o2.75:~äAæiËuE: fT#o- ä/ »MWËWE t:E2F^š í Lfcžľo1 l3.75 4. 7°šL~ËAGiËHËEVJ>BŠrEHËËE &WWE LíTüæ 5.7?; ~ËAtËubom«wšíLt#o &~ëA$T(mlmgmæĐ4üAwšžLtüæ7. íšlrë/ „ËËGËJIIUJËŽJW T451? Li Ltíro
  58. 58. Lesson 6HŠËËI ; Ëiætití b ( Lectures on Kanji)Žüöľžľ:7%?- 3 - (Kanji made from pictures - 3 -)Look at the following picture.Each drawing indicates a certain meaning. Guess the meaning of the Kanji characters below. LE 2.4!;3.51% Läfą &E 6.?7., @9.3 10.@
  59. 59. Lesson 6These Kanji characters were made from very primitive pictures as follows. Usually each Kanji has at least two ways of being read;the so-called 'KUN YOMI' (Japanese reading) and 'ON YOMI' (Chinese reading) . Picture -'>@a ć3-› š; (KIŠE: 37:" l i »e sa sa ; è wrJ äi ; radimKanjiäläütltllílíüľľZ? älé / Ëlšt*'KUN'ö#Äatäôèö? EH&ONS[MOKU] [J I] [snu] [ŠOKU] [U] [CHIKU] läáäl QBAH)[SEKH[SHHMeaningeye63.1'handrainbambooriceAmericashellfishstonethread
  60. 60. _ Lesson 6ääkäææäcä/ tíæ?(Basic Kanji)2 - i .7Ë$® #ž #fc (Kanji Writings)as w»itemH ”iHHEEEIII IIIIIIIIIIIEËËËËIIIIIII IIIIIIIIIIE (JMH) an EŠŽŠHU ° U" - study of the nose and ears (otorhinology) / í %EËVC) a han ? iílíľč ~ bio? ) a le r *JËČUË J;5 ' l skillful *T$(' - 71)?unsk' l
  61. 61. Lesson 6a leg EU: ) 'O ô to be enough ° % Ć) two pairsIEHEHHËËIIIIII IIII&U858 namex (for America)^"×f IIHHEËIIIIIIII) rice ŠKËHNW“ ' v@ Č ' '"^) Central America
  62. 62. shellfish ? MN i (7)4)(7 )IHHEEEEIIIIIIIIII IIIIIII IIIIIIIII El( `E stone AL „ *iz* (5)HEEHËIIIIIIIIIIII IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII L) Japane E L ' se namethread iz* è:*x IHHHEEIIIIIIIIIII
  63. 63. Lesson 62 - 2 .;5th/ u L Kb 5 (Reading Exercises)I .Write the reading of the following Kanji in Hiragana.1.2. E 3. Ë 4. JË 5. 7?:6. E 7. $ 8. Ti' 9. Ë 10. 715 11. AiiäfékiTo %L'C` HTŠŠËTO12. EižľíkiižlćžfcäíToll .Write the reading of the following Kanji in Hiragana. 1. íáiišæôä$ä7frlní uz. 2. : J ; š 5' 'J f7 iiqižlíiíä) "J i? ) Costa Rica is in Central America. 3. 8750327 5 Tírľľgíížäljžüü/ ËTO Japan buys oil from Arabia. 4. m@ El Gi^K°TŠËËË7ľPŠ id} I write letters in my room on rainy days. 5. *Miš ŽŠEIÄKËŠËËTEFJË bi$f`iië V) í-Ë/ »o I am not so good at Japanese yet. 6. (Ož 1 ; Ëč (OTË ÄIEYW/ *í 1,750 I bought a pair of shoes and 4 pairs of socks.
  64. 64. Lesson 62 - 3 .#ž 11A,L Kb 5 (Writing Exercises)I .Fill in the blanks with an appropriate Kanji. 1. hands and legs 2. a rainy day 3. a shell 4. rice ED l o D D7? f5 Dr äbL am o aw : ab 5. one's superiors and one's inferiors 6_.a bamboo shoot ED W D č ED æ E D (D DU) "Jž.Oč &b LT:U2: ti") Z'.7. Mr.Ishikawa 8. Miss Itoyama
  65. 65. Lesson 6ll.Fill in the blanks with an appropriate Kanji. 1. a purpose 2. a table of contents 3. a letter 4. a stamp D H@ D>í< Diä *JJ D ë( 'Cš Š( U 'C ifľö žo 'C 5. skillful 6. unskillful 7. an assistant 8. shortage ED Z?:D 726 Hr D F D U;5 1” '× f:U;Lo . s. ë( 9. a heavy rain 10. a light rain 11. rain water 833 3586 1 sam &oš 51'" 12. America 13. North America 14. South America 15. Central America D it D F?EE 'sv Z( li( *st* EA.«sv Ëoö «wx 16. thread 17. Ishikawa Prefecture 18. Mr.TakedaDEDë A th” ffUči PL,#Gb HA,
  66. 66. Lesson 6l/ 'JTIAËTË (Do you know these words?Can you use them? ) U/ »UMR<Ä$i®íä$ (Kanji used in Japanese family names) >The following Kanji are commonly used in Japanese family names. EHLUJIIÄZISIFFLTj( d) í E 'VI *il* š?*Ëhüľö a village) EW) a field)See the following Japanese family names. 1. Earl:(fakin) 16. H:(list) 2. LIJEEI (ears) 17. zjvpi:(cafe t) 3. U121: (risk) 18. / J[]_] (avi) 4. lil-F (ri tr: ) 19. / Jxlll (sam) 5. 7|: `F (šætt) 20. xjxæf (#503)6. ? WH (živiš) 21. 71';(tlo)7. HËE (nefs) 22. ? žališ (li V) l» t) 8. JHJ:(bmw) 23. @B3 (Mari).143m“ (Krawe) 24. š? ? (mlaz)(D10. : Pm (erbvrí) 25. EJ! ! (uxtíawlo) 11. : FJII (ľnírífíb) ze.ja: * (iaialnt) 12. 11135? (two) 27. jç/ ľy (alarm) 13. JIIJ:(bvbfrášt) 28. 'r/ IEB (teri)14. i? ? (čio) 29. / r/IEP (rçlitciæ) 15. _tEEl (57:75) 30. 'ľ/ TT (ŽËHLŽË)
  67. 67. Lesson 6Notice the phonetic changes as in the following. Jll (ima) +83 (z) -›JI| EËI (Möë) : l: (im) +J| I (im) wam 0275172112)<> Other common family names: Ex.í/ æk (ima) #ti (moa 71) (Ëíáš (aaa) (ij/ vk (aaa)(hrca/ s) DUŠE (im):5) íäíiä (ram:t) íätííä (ne ö) (UDUL a name card used for business)Title ---- Name _ “ F _ ; si _ a T il?LU T Ë El 740 [] 105 2;LU EF!j:l će še j:IE e “U e* ä I?:a el ji21a ; z ž š( L1.] ëšíš e 5 Lil ž i (41 {j:m _ I U ~ - . šlš š 93 'FČT št?št' I :H?, , ç IZé;i L t tuš ' :?ä 93 ii _.j” l l;ä?ili Ë 'l` 7? T O |Ii j: ) - t DE. .- . q lAddress Name of University _ Name of Company Telephone and Department Department andSection
  68. 68. Lesson 7river:7» I Ink- g.æ 7 5% _12. “y I'~ l ; ŽË$ONIËL (Lectures on Kanji)Žjľöľëfcä?- 4 - (Kanji made from pictures - 4 -lLook at the following picture and guess what it means. Guess the meaning of the Kanji characters below.4.4: 5.47) 6.35] 7.8.225 si 10.3:? št
  69. 69. Lesson 7ätäæž išli/ ä? (Basic Kanji)2 - i .íšíđ) #ž #fc (Kanji Writings)ŽËUËUI) a flower ? Eküiäč - U") fireworks ? EMO U7» a vaseËHHHIIËËËIIIIIIII? i Z(25355)? ) tea Véëäíšíä( ° 'ë - TA) a coffee shop EZËŽEUC ' lik ° ta? ) green tea HBËHC ` - e) black tea/ xIHHHHËIIIIIIIIIII IIIIIIIIIIIVIIUZ Ć) meat . ËNËJČČ "J ' l:() chicken
  70. 70. Lesson 7<»›<+a› í pattern (ÄMĐ) 7"/ letter,sentence : E `/(4 ) ËËËËIIIIIIIIIIIIIJUÄŠ/ u) a sentence ľŠbŠš/ c - ti( ) literature ËCËBËW l» ° »$3- ' L J:3)) the Ministry of Educationá" character g ( 6 )liHHIINIIIIIIIIIII ËIËËËËIIIIIIIIIII IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII-'? `3(L) a letter,a character 565?"- ) ' ll) a letter íšëí-(ËÄ.- li) Kanji ~$ ' . ..lettersIËNHIIIW 3 m Ilnamammlllllllll IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII@(509) a thing Ëwämáwë - 60)) shopping EHËGËM - 4539) a living creature TËHËU:- B9) a baggage 4_ cattle,cow 3) L 45.1. '7bull,0x (4 ) IËËËIIIIIIIIIIIII69 ` L) c : ËËHŠOČ ~ (: <) beef ($393) ° ľ- ")) cow's milk
  71. 71. Lesson 7ä?(»Ahorse ` ' p** (10)IIIIII IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII` 'I )se Šľlüf - V) š) horsepower(h. p.)a carriage- )šš(tb)»v - ä:5) ŽËUËËWI) fish WV? ) ŠËÄËËŠVË) Bľilled fish ËËËWWĐWË:- "(9) a fish shop ŠËËHŠA - š: ) a goldfish
  72. 72. Lesson 72 - 2 .Jíiæh/ ą, L Kb 5 (Reading Exercises)I .Writereading of the following Kanji in Hiragana.li l.B5] 2. š'.3. TE 4. ? Ë 5.6. 43 7.8. ; ti 9. sam 10. 42m 11. 921% 12. icll .Write the reading of the following Kanji in Hiragana. 1.2. sam.3. ? tam 4. v . x 5. ? EUi/ ciľJËžlNhíTo I put some flowers in a vase. 6. Ëlíšfëbľfëlžáür* í Lk. , I bought some chicken at the butcher's. 7. jížflæäížät 6D* 31} I learn these Kanji at the university.8. ? Lii El ÄŠŽËËHŠ ? To I like Japanese tea. 9. ËWCFËZIJMËË-ëáiv* íTo There are small birds in the forest. 10. EŽFACiËHPŠKVFË-fäľio Japanese people like fish and rice andSO on.
  73. 73. Lesson 72 - 3 .#ž h/ u, L kb 5 (Writing Exercises)I.Fill in the blanks with an appropriate Kanji.x“ đ. 1. beef 2. a small bird 3. a horse carriage 4. a letter5051:( . Z ĆU li' Liv š L' 5. literature 6. biology(= study of living creature) 7. Japanese tea. St/ x. ili( {HA 49:0 bi( (I.iž/ x. 5? 8. a goldfish 9. cherry blossoms 10. a sentenceED ë<60>D Ds).ž:
  74. 74. Lesson 7ll .Fill in the blanks with an appropriate Kanji. 1. a flower shop Z.a fish shop 3. a butcher shopD E DE D s:17.:K* sam:v (: < v 4. beef 5. pork 6. chicken 7. horse meat 8. fish meat D3 «a 7: D D3 CD CD ž-'wô iz( il( U) iz( li' u( š. : (: < 9. roast meat 10. grilled fish 11. roast chickenK' il( *V* {#12 'G ĆU12. cow's milk 13. the body 14. a real thing 15. Kanji tf» ; M- D at D3 D3 «a 5500511095 il( th lil» 60) #A U 16. horsepower 17. a pony 18. fireworks 19. a vaseD3 CD CD DW» :či (if:0' i»li' Ož
  75. 75. Lesson 7 *vvbormäíow %ą? žäTv«t×(Do you know these words?Can you use them? ) Ć'5á; °ih<7`ŠËQËJËË (Kanji Zoo) >A The following Kanji are the name of the animals below.Match the Kanji with the pictures. a b c d e f g h *r ` E "JL Ćľ) ? i ëô : ta:@daëfrľ:` UOU u.. sam .' L4.'llillilllllfll
  76. 76. ”Dl 5 LLessHŽËËGDŽËË -1 - (Kanji for Adjectives -l -)Look at the following adjectives. divided into three groups according to the types of the Hiragana endings. 1. Kanji + w2. Kanji + LI»3. Kanji + others IThe Hiragana endings change as follows. Present Affirmative Present Negative Past AffirmativePast NegativeË v* : Ë V* i? : v* 2.7.» : :cm aw» __ m Bľä p:g p:U( (6 #s6- ií b* : Ž v*b* 5n- Ćts bč Lun ` Lw IE u» (5725 7:0) 7:75 LD* etc vein št» / jxäw 6m #sa 'il' bih* ľËVWold) ? li Llr*(new) : E<&w äL<&w ŽËËPOÄ' ; ËLËPOTJ ZË<Ë7J`OÄŽ ŠËL<7ŽC7TO7L`; a w a72:75* V? ' v* Ëš: :a #6 in etc. li? .Lu*59(972D* etc. T(jížľ/ Wbig)xä<&wŽŠŽIVJÄIËËŠ < ĆËŽPOËon8Japanese '-i' ending adjectives can be1,)u}
  77. 77. Lesson 8Remember when the following Hiragana endings are used with nouns,verbs or the other adjectives. Adjective 'l' Noun:ËWËF ËfLWË fiš “$- an old book a new car a big letterŠ<&w$ äL<&w$ kë<&w$ Ëírgtílí älnfwofsä käwöwptšľ Ëüätáwptílí äLülcüwfsä jíä<ľnö>atí Adjective-l-Verb:ËWËVJËT ËL(7ŠIWŠT jíš(7ö*ší1` become old newly buy write in a bigcharacterAdjective+ Adj. : ? ËKTËW ŠíIL<TŠfLWË XŠ<TBËZ›I* old and cheap new and pretty big and bright[h/ L L w 5] Put the proper Hiragana endings to the following Kanji. ? š ž?E ? E 3%)?Ë BE HE" ë 'Đ fiš j( / J
  78. 78. Lesson 8ää/ äææžcä/ „säi (Basic Kanji)2-1 .;Ëíwíržírfc (Kanji Writings)ŠŽHËJÄB) LV“ new ŽËFÄWLÄ ' šik) a newspaper äËH/ /v- L4?) anew car äíüJc-žäl/ v) anew yearË(›5=7«›)V“ Old Ëľbšsč - lí/ v) a used book ËJËËWJWČ ' C ' L? ) a second-hand carËËUË . i 5 ' Ëc/ p) the eldest son ŽËMŠ( ' 75 . I 3)) a president
  79. 79. ' ,expensive Japanese nameËHWČV* cheap ËËPËË“ ' 3)) V) bargain sale “ ËIIËHËJA - L/ QTZ» to be relieved ŽČËUö/ e - *f/ v) 73: safeä 5' ž 5í E4 4' l {MëE1@(0 < ) V“ low ËTČTW - 759373 to fall,to go down {ËEŽËVCW - 28A) a low temperature
  80. 80. Lesson 8i much p ( 6 Ë 8 - u x y IIIIIIIIIIŽüľôäæľn y,much 590*:- L „t 5) more or less žäüľ:° T ` a large numberfew,little Q ") L a little,a few ` L. t')'7l;1/u)ab0y 9 . t")'L`L. t) agirl
  81. 81. Lesson 82 - 2 .Jííiíh/ n, L Kb 5 (Reading Exercises)I .Write the reading of the following Kanji in Hiragana.1. Ev 2. Em 3. živ 4. &m 5. ášw 6. Ham 7.üv› 8.Eu=9.%Lt› 1o;9&ux 1L %eu›m. %äa$E$ B. žEl] .Write the reading of the following Kanji in Hiragana.1. Häænælíáíæäcuso Z.:Ëđľílliüäl/ “Ćio It is dark in the forest. 3. ËJWÄMCUDŠËËŽËVDŽËČTO That man is the president of this junior college. 4. %VVJ`$H$ČËËŠ`ËWO That boy has long arms and legs. 5. Älišw č:Č_ ôfrëiäzt» cE č ôrwäžáihčo Water flows from the higher place to the lower place. 6. / JVŽËČČ EFËËČČ:ËPËŽČ j? ? a primary school,a junior high school, a senior high school and a university
  82. 82. Lesson 82 - 3 .#ž 11A,L Kb 5 (Writing Exercises)I .Fill in the blanks with an appropriate Kanji. l.a new year 2. an old car,a second-hand car ËhWU= DD U“U= DDË &të št,LA.11A,&Za (ši 50") Z [æe 3. a president of the university 4. long 5. short I@ CM CW TŽL“ 75( 753( ËJ:5 72h* 6D? ? 6. a lot of people 7. a few people 8. a dark forest Url“ lľägüwiíwü Uè:33:13' U3; T( < 5 -è V) 9. expensive meat 10. cheap fish 11. to go down [Emil Eľíj Ëľľté 727% li( *PT $713??'CP ? Dll.Fill in the blanks with an appropriate Kanji. 1. a boy 2. a girl 3. (I) have a little money. EI] CC] Híríhäëo Lxöm/ u Lxô li;tnx;1":
  83. 83. Lesson 84. a high mountainED:5 ? A7. a short stringm@E9571* Pé: 10. ancient writingED: ZS/ c13. the eldest sonD35:5 &A16. a junior collegeD3ti».Til*5. a cheap thingEE*PT 50)8. for a long timem@72:75? öhff11. a long sentenceD375:5 . ši/ u14. the eldest daughterD315:5 U; 17. a high schoolDire :5 :56. a used bookH. áxö lž/ c9. new teaHl/ /u är12. a short sentenceHti» . së/ c15. safeí*5A.'EF/ vD726
  84. 84. Lesson 8 LoTtníTir 'ČËËTË(Do you know these words?Can you use them? ) lTk`atö L, ŽËŽČË-A (l) < ŽŽŠŠË> How to play (A) ľ "#573One person reads the letter cards.The others look for the matching picture cards scattered on the table.When a player finds the appropriate card,he gets to keep it.The one who collects the most cards is the winner. How to play (B) I " L/ »HWËWN li r < " (Concentration) Put all the cards face down up on the table.Each person turns over two cards at a time . in turn.If those cards match,hecan keep the pair.The one who collects the most cards is thewinner.
  85. 85. ssss on8a2: 'lg/ Ž ž m@ L) t) (W @l r-*wjí Bil LlË1LL Ë ; ËJ/ Šjtä Ll Ll t) LL
  86. 86. Lesson 9fDžoôj> ä 9 äš ; Ëľiæliäľ b (Lectures on Kanji) 037%?-1 - (Kanji for Verbs -l.-)Each Kanji has its own meaning.It can function as a noun,adjective,verbetc.in sentences.What do you think is the function of the following kanjí 7*A *li Zli Ë'FŽFÄJ and FÄŠJ are nouns,FŠËJ functions as an adjective and FËJ (to buy) as a verb.However,Kanji can not be used alone as an adjec-tive or a verb.Some Hiragana endings always follow and they are called'OKURIGANA (inflectional endings)'. Š?“* ŠËLV* newË -* Š: ) /ËWË?tobuy Using the above four Kanji,let's make some sentences. ? Aliíëibl/ *ÄËËKNË 1,720 I bought a new book.*Laľľlľližäi L < ŽCVVČTo My book is not new. *Llíľlľžäo 'C < ffë No Please buy me a book.
  87. 87. Lesson 9Japanese verbs can be divided into 3 groups according to their wayof conjugation. 1st Group:a verb stem ends with a consonanti?< lik-ul i?š i T lik-imasul ? HEJ < [kik-ul Ëfl š i T [kik-imasul Ë < [kak-ul Ë Š i T lkak-imasul ËËT lhanas-u] ËË L i T [hanas-imasu] ŠËTË lyom-ul ËËÄ i T [yom-imasul Wir [yasum-ul HU* i T [yasum-imasul l??o lkaer-ul 9% V) i T [kaer-imasul Ë 5 [ka (w)-ul 'Š V“ i T [ka (w)-imasu]2nd Group:a verb stem ends with a vowelËN" č [tabe-ru] ËN" i T [tabe-masu] ä Ž 7o [oshie-ru] žíž.i T [oshie-masu] E.6 [mi-ru] Ë.i T [mi-masu] 3rd G roup:an irregular verb *JE 5 [ku-ru] š?í T [ki-masu] 1' Zg [su-ru] l,i T [shi-masu]Classify the following Kanji into nouns,adjectives and verbs. to goto hearto write to speak to readto restto go back to buyto eat to teach to seeto cometo do ËŠË] (čöWL,Noun) ŽTŽËŠËJ (lTľ/ *Jíö L,Adjective)ËÄJËË] (55 L,Verb)
  88. 88. Lesson 9Ëítäæžiä/ »ŠËŽ (Basic Kanji)2 - 1 .;Ëíæžľžžľfz (Kanji Writings) @ti m. « </ „.t; »« : wa:05x15) 86 7' go,conduct V*-( 27'? ''TT line Jazic-ö #ga (s) 'lliíäli H IIIIíj? (ln)< to go ? TOSE ü: ) 5 to carry out jjfëííU);-C"))T5 to travel ~i? (š". t")l ~linesIIHËËEËIIIIIIIIII)5 to come ŠK@ (Bin - next year (6113 ' WC) next month ŠËËI (BW ' C T5 to visit Japan returnF)?go (come) back (10)IHWËHËËËËËIIIIIII JËOČPŽ. ) 5 to go/ come back TËIËHŠ - Č.< )T5 to return to one's country
  89. 89. 90 k), drinkEEMO) tr to drink Ëk(@)? ›t%(b 0)) a beverage ËËŽËU/ V» ° L0) drinkingËZËÄV“ ° lT/ v) an o ` ion ËËFZUTA ' ÄŠ'3)T5 do sightseeing(III IIIIIIIIIIIIIIII ) <to hear,to listen to ËWŠ) Z.;L5 can be heard k)LA.' / ŠŠ a newspaper
  90. 90. Lesson 9? ši wa 93 read u/ L. ` " è ž ž è è š'è+è: l:è: ke: k-: :: a-J:i na n u u ĐETEVHJW_ tO readreading ŠËËËW ' L1) reading books . ËGËËUËW - Lav) a reader94 l( tO Write ËJËHL;"C/ x.) abook shop ` L;- č"")) ' 95 9;/talk` è ` š' › Ä- } è/7 „ z s s :ŽŠ'i n a a a u&L š? ? ? Ë- íi D EŠ peakED í í í Ë ËŽ (Vľ) 5 to buy ËWUŠW* ' ba? ) shopping
  91. 91. Lesson 9educate,teach religionžídíôwič» toteach ëkäWšxö -^<)T5 to educate ? Xáäš . t "› - #W a church žízš@ . t "2 - LO) a classroom 2 - 2. ËËJHIA.b o 5 (Reading Exercises)I .Write the reading of the following Kanji in Hiragana. 1. ŠËT 2. F5( 3. ä( 4. ato 5. Ë5 6. H( 7. ä5s.'kise 9. Ëö 10. mi 11. @se 12. ? K71513. ËT* jíž« "FrššíTo 14. šEË.EEľFëkiaišiëíTo15. li? ? ËNËTË“. ËNËTYËO 16. ? Ii- VCËWVžLíTol] .Write the reading of the following Kanji in Hiragana. 1. Šæöäľ/ *ŽËFAËËËËÄË bio2. llJüšiëkčäšäfšäbíTo
  92. 92. Lesson 93. 553561. "Jfąclđäbíío4. : æääfEĚˎäŽíä-o5. ŽËËĐËIËTTUNÄŠËËŽINË 1,7206. ? Aciäížštlígífíírbíášíšfío 'TI/ Etičöí bäíü/ „o7. EíÄŠWäLl/ jížžäžtíio8. IOíËËWËUŽŠË/ KĆ( ffëlno2 - 3 .Ëž Žľ/ u b kb 5 (Writing Exercises)I .Fill in the blanks with an appropriate Kanji. 1. to go 2. to go back 3. to come 4. to eat 5. to drinkU < D 70 č U “Va U ü“ L* fPŽ_ < 72 C7)6. to see 7. to hear 8. to speak 9. to read 10. to writeD2» [k a* a j<lil?J:
  93. 93. Lesson 911. to do sightseeing 12. reading books 13. a newspaper HA,Ä? ) E < L J;LA./ŠŠ/ vII.Fill in the blanks with an appropriate Kanji. 1. food 2. a drink 3. reading matter 4. shopping Ni Ä #D r;60) o) a0) . .t A m) ; vw m) 5. a trip 6. a bank 7. the 3rd line 8. to 80 back toone's countryM] wj [Da Ewaa žá,Z5 ž Z<o . .e z 5 è / v ž;5 a) _ 9. next week 10. next month 11. next year 12. a telephone DE DD U ? D 45v Loš 6h* efo su 12A.'GA,:b 13. a breakfast 14. a lunch 15. a supper 16. a restaurant WD ËD &D EKE 5;5L; < Bošt/ x( 695 L„t< LV» LJ: < TA 17. to visit for study 18. cherry blossom viewing 19. education : ä Die CI] Da HA.75( ! ili ; št ši") N( 20. to buy flowers 21. to drink Japanese tea[k[}ar[jjj&Da: tt::: A är 0)
  94. 94. Lesson 9 ? žiT#:wæ n you use them? ) <ää> # T . E u T 0 LCa(Do you know these words?A(2)ä? ?-and (B) #L/ „ciniwbąb < “áxô fí”): m. .@U %ËW,I l 1 . na. a. See p.75 to play (A
  95. 95. sssss n9
  96. 96. Lesson 10ŠË ( Lectures on Kanji)6:00IEĆPMealľ ËMËËUĆWi/ u =ËËËHQ;5 ' L;O breakfastË(UZ. ›): `a: /„ Ëäľéoö - L;<> lunch57('I9>"))C"6i/ „= ËË(@")°L; <) supper HËUjíl/ y) : ii/ uTSŽËC?' L . .t <) midnight snack
  97. 97. Lesson 10Ë+ËËGDËCŠA7ËŽ (Basic Kanji)2-1. íæí-ľnwšëf (Kanji Writings)U107» (AJZÄ ? Vaš (VJKTĐ)morning ZF) ä -7- a '7 (12)IEIIIII@N55 ä) morning ŠËE (èbë - U) the morning sun ŠËËUS . t 5 ' L. : Ć) breakfastG} 04 *i* p '3-noon daytimeFx/ x (O _/ Ä/ äL EH IË . E . ä EË I@ I- . - . - . - . - . - I- . -ËWOČ) noon,midday Ëíläüíč - i? ) a nap,a siesta gave» ö - 1,. : <) lunch gmaz.- @wa a lunch breakiJ-A-ž j; 1009« 0*' 33_Ja-4' 13;-Ë _N _I »s ZŽUCZa) night éIiž(: /v - 'W tonightÄËŽËH” - L . t <) a midnight meal
  98. 98. Lesson 10? ši NA (mm #733 (75*<'đ"5)101 nl night N"? (12) IIEEHHHWWWEËIIII IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIEmir/ t) night Ä? HË4(: /× - if/ v) tonight HËEiËUËJS-Lilíl/ v ' Ć ' lji/ v) supper,dinner102 (we)IEEIIIIIIIIIIIII IIIIIIIIIIIIIIII)'" evening,last night ËËU/ ËW ' L . t <) supper,dinner 7:72? ° off: ) Star Festivaldirection way,meanshow ~ - . Z c/ o Mr.~ - 7.757:) evening ° - method
  99. 99. Lesson 10KAJ; before,front previousèggLgLs I l]J- H IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIi) be front Ëiíšľ-(ËA - iji/ t) the first half ~ “Mia/ u ° i ~ years before106 / Ä after,later Z5 č/ VDË I? ' 'i5 back,behind 5 L-ô 2 5- (9)IIEEHH@ä@IIIIIII IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII er iša (r,lat 5 72 behind,back - Ć) ~ years after fžíií ` ` ' iji/ x.) the last half ämíiüllä) every day Ëiä(íb* ' L@ 5) every week ËË (ËW ' W9/ílr* ' OŠ) every monthlËWHIIIIIIIIIIIIlI nnnnnnnnaaallllll IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIŠi?^'L›<D5) nextweek ` @5'í9) t Ši?A'Lw5) lastweek ` -LvĐ5'
  100. 100. Lesson 10109 æ luminary day of 3 '7 the week (18) n H B1 H: : E51 Ben BaH Bas:E315 Eíga H? ? Baš!H? ? H? ! Bi? Ë I I I HED @iËHËB (U59 ' J:5 ' U) Monday KBËE (ŽP ° J:5 ' U) Tuesday 7J<HŽËEI (TV ' . li 5 ' U") Wednesday ? ËHËËI (b < ° eli 5 ' U5) Thursday2 - 2 .Ëíiícäh/ ą, L n 5 (Reading Exercises)I .Write the reading of the following Kanji in Hiragana. 1. šk 2. ë 3. n;4. ni 5. 5775 6. iFäü 7. iFfžá 8. HBË 9. Më 10. 7J<Bë iifküë 12. ćäüë 13. iBË 14. EIBËË 15. 'iša 16. 'ši 17. aa li .Write the reading of the following Kanji -in Hiragana.1. äbšä.ériä.äšä.'üíiä 2. äeä.5B.äiën.@EE 3. š@ 4%.št@ ti@4.ämä%E$æäË%äaíTe
  101. 101. Lesson 105. äaæíäeaaatenaia.6. : UĐŽËËUDËWJMJ:556515“.7. ÄBËEHËJËTBBËËTK/ JUŠŠLI/ Vöíe8. : Fæíäiíizzæäižäbií Lfce2 - 3 .Ëž 11A.L i@ 5 (Writing Exercises)I.Fill in the blanks with an appropriate Kanji. 1. morning 2. daytime 3. night 4. evening &ë Uši if/ u 426 K135 735125. every week 6. a. m. 8. Sundayin Loš Z* 'if/ v (LE 4:5 (f ll.Fill in the blanks with an appropriate Kanji.1. breakfast 2. lunch 3. supper 4. a midnight mealDIËDDI D3ËJ;5LJ: < 505mm KV) L. t< *P L. t<
  102. 102. Lesson 105. midnight 6. last week 7. next week 8. every week J:73:7» &A Loš 6h Loš in Loš 9. two weeks 10. every day 11. every month 12. every year i:Loš ; Mu in 6:5 ätxož/ tfđ žutu/ frazu 13. every morning 14. every night 15. before 16. after il* &ä št* ! flo iž_ «Ëč 17. behind 18. the first half 19. the last half 'Š L 'EE/ v li/ u . Ž 5 li/ u 20. how to read 21. how to write 22. how to hear J:im":7h #fc š im":23. how to speak 24. how to eat 25. how to see,a viewpointDtD END EDli I: : #fc f:frf:ć« i» f:
  103. 103. Lesson 10lHHHHIHJHHIHHHHJIIHI Äs( b@ 5 HllllHHlllllllllllilllllllillReview L.6-10 I.ääoöwtwouns)wääíäläš“W il: E “ti š)?'ä HËE ? Ž ? cælmz , Ë 9%;A 71"@ ; j j(il@ i75 Ëí f' II.žľšääíl (mam I„ Adjectives)íëliäwšíšüäšíèšžá? ? III.ËËËJ(<`: "")L, VerbS) ífjálääëkääšäfääš š ? iN. (%0)7': , Others) ä ĆF* ä i@ Make sentences using the following Kanji.e. g. H?i?W -' WHŠHCËŽ^FIŠ íËVPoLËkŽËËH KW? ?? 3.@. U1 vk ä ili' ? ä Ëälæ' ? H E} E:XIIIE
  104. 104. Lesson 10[ šäšäwíší]I.Fill in the blanks as in the following example. e. g. ËV“ ( 72753311* ) -* Elôæjkliížjíäbxo1. jc___( ) -› 2. ×J~__„ ( ) -› 3. a_ ( ) -+ 4 Ë___ ( ) -› 5. füä___( ) -› 6 H%__( ) -› 7. žš__( ) -› 8 9*___( ) -› 9 ËŽ( ) -› 10. íäší( ) -+ 11. 2%__( ) -› 12. á: : ( ) -›ll .Write the 'ON' reading of the following Kanji and make a word. e. g. Ë (t);5) ~> ? Ei?( ) 5.2. š)?( ) 6. ë ( ) 7.1.ËËË-H-3.A Ëlľľl . °° 13+
  105. 105. Lesson 10ll].Give an adjective of the opposite meaning. e. g.?- ? Ši1 i? ? - 4. j( -2 Ë - 5 ë -3 f9@ - 6. ili - [äšäæiääI.Fill in the blanks with appropriate Hiragana. e. g. i* Jači? ' ('? °T-<77~í3')L E ( ) 0 Ë ( 2. ? iz ( ) 7. ší ( & æ ( ) & Ë < 4.5 ( ) 9 L ( 5 6 ( )1o T (l] .Complete sentences using the following Kanji as in the example.ž æ L T Ë Ë ä Ë ä W E H % ü E Š E eg E-wžäwíf 0 L íbëž O 5 xíž 2 ääž O o të?& EÄËË O T ižž4. jíž^ o 8. ËËË'
  106. 106. Lesson HTih _xp I ene I ; Ë-Ëwšä ( Lectures on Kanji)st»ËBË -1- (the radicals -1-)Most Kanji are formed by more than two components.The followings arethe ways the components are formed. 1)'/ » (left) 2) 9 < l) (right) 3) #Air l) (top) 4) Ž) l,(the bottom) r---iJ s 5) Ëžífthe tzppcr left) (i) ivžEšJthc enclosurtr) 7) lči 5 flmvex' left) Djani-e where the components express the meaning of the Kanji.We call these components “Bushu (the radicals)".The Kanji made frompictures (or their simplified forms) can be the radicals. ®humanbeingsIl(í)'Ëľ-%'Ë'Ë-EPŠHHFËË" @animals and plantsŽĆFwË'Ë'ËwË°7l<"ľ'ľ~žlí~- @natureľü-Ë'k-Ä(? )-ä-: :-Z5'[JJJll-Ëlíw (<1) life and t0olľEEl'F”Ël'Šé°Ëí'Ë(Ë) ( ) ure Simplified formsThere are many radicals which can not be used as Kanji by themselves. Guess to which of the seven radical groups the following belong. ? ä'FaEl°ľeľ'ľiľJ-'žš-ä-ä°fž-iä-Ë-Ëü-lä'šË-Tí-Ë1) or Z) Z HË 6) 2 3) or 4) I ili 7) I 5) :
  107. 107. Lesson H1) 'A. (left)(W li} VE (ZF (št) (ti (ž (š) (žila ? EH i@ ŽË) The Kanji group with the meaning components located on the left is thelargest of the seven groups. f= Ä=man ×T= step Guess the meaning of the common components below. WH#FEEHË(B= EI= ) ëtšííšääíí(š= š=)**W212i- (f=7l<=) Ëótëlí (Ë= 'Ë=)2) o( l)(right)rvvvvulThe components which carry the meanings can be located on the right. 4 E= Fm ; ËË H -_-_- g»,: moon g( j( z: :hit
  108. 108. Lesson 11 æ+-äæacäA-ä$ (Basic Kanji)2 - l .ËŽWËŽË (Kanji Writings)make produce(HO < ) 70 to make ľlííUä ( - wifi/ v) composition iľnädë( ~ UA) a piece of work ËJJTHČ") ' ë) actionx ` " " ` ` `, x ` `xI I l] 17'] / íl//ÄŽÄWËÄ) <" to swim 7l<i9l< (TU) ' il") swimming7li3fë(è7›áš6 ' i) an oil painting ` 'Ëš ' ('93) petroleum
  109. 109. Lesson i i @(5 3%) the sea,the ocean ŽËHHJW* ' NV) oversea EIZl-WËUZ - (št/ x, - #V0 the Japan Sea iiibfšhöib* ° TV) sea water ~ ií/ a - Lo) Japanese wine ° Lw) foreign liquorsEIZIKMH;#tema)'-> to wait (ËËŠG 'E ' 51/* ' L9) a waiting room L:") 'tbüTô to invite ËBËUDVJ ' ËBËËC "›315): :. C5.school (ËËN.") ' t;t 5) a school principal EW) a high school student
  110. 110. Lesson 11one hour a watch,a clock° if) language,a word Vu) a message~ š:° (TIN) a watch,a clock ËTËUTW - #OTô to plan ` ŠT(f: b - BA.' (TV) a thermometer(14) ` * š ž ž ž ž Ë'ŠT: >?vlè3í-šižížžt haaalDDmDnDDHÄŠËËUC ° lí/ u ° ČČ) Japanese language TËËHŽU) ' Ć) English *WËËPËND - 753729) a story
  111. 111. cookedxicemeal,foodLesson liĆËËCË ' (Ti/ u) cooked rice.meal =ËJŽUČL) a colloquial wor)i used by male&$095-üb)LWsupperšËöh/ ą, L «o 5 (Reading Exercises)Write the reading of the following Kanji in Hiragana. l. W6 2.äć 3.@ 4.@ 5.@ 6.%o 8.%Ë 9.%% m. š5 n. HT% U : ä m. m% M. E% m. &ËWrite the reading of the following Kanji in Hiragana. l. 3.t'. ).Hääewľžššibüo . $Ë®7~we~ËË%äiLk.íryämäwšärr.&Ëbítiää Ćëlíčšľľc 1,514“soy bean soupš@Elžlíiäžäžlíäľ/ i bit. . . žü
  112. 112. Lesson II6. jížæjíš *NËËTĐTTB* ë Ažfätą í 'fa7. x-z×'-'C'; `K&×<y2:iiiiä L:ôwžäbiífgsoy sauce2 . - 3 .se im.t.o 5 (Writing Exercises)I.Fill in the blanks with appropriate Kanji. 1. oil 2. the sea 3. cooked rice 4. Iíquor ` S.to make l I D ľ-"D D D š» 5.545 545* fila.3h' g( 6. to swim 7. to wait 8. to say 9. Japanese language D <" D O.D 5 DDD 341 ž t' L'.&A 3 10. time 11. a school 12. a watch U fP/ x. bio Z5 č_ HU
  113. 113. Lesson 11S.9 I 30 p. m. 6. one hour_ i 7. what time r:3 < U m._vä U ; wc rm- U 8. a primary school 9. a junior high school 10. a senior high school bxönio C5 '$305 bio Z: ) Z5 Z: ) 11. a school principal 12. composition 13. petroleum :a 5 . z 5 ë < m» % aa o 14. swimming 15. Chinese language 16. linguistics= study of language [IJ BHD Tv 71v 5:95 ć( r cfA.3 n«17. breakfast (colloquial -° formal)ED= D:Q= üD«hät sm.@ä äx-äux(18 .lunchüD= DrËFEDU75 &bb ' U75 Bošt/ x( 19. supper ' s i ___ sa* ___ i ____ . -5UD~D~ËFED~II! if/ c m,lil».11A.@ô 11A. @ô bi(
  114. 114. Lesson 11 ' 951% (Reading Material)<äv>7>äRead the following passage and guess who is who in the picture below.mižëžæ a area a š? ? yfccšlëi LfcoËüBËlË/ ÄËD J:5 Đ ËŠL$T"Ë`73>5 ËĆËËŽËËVIËU i LTL» if$WËËTwäwíLk„%hm5@čL;5@ËDniLü„ aaaaevaaaLt„masxaavamao maaamaraaeaauno%c<eaaaach„EFJIIË/ uiižlíæilll/ i LTL,HÄŠËË?VTZËTËT ! J čľ/ ľ/ Ë thea? ? 77° a camp.camping i? : firstI/ TCŽSČËT to fry %ŽL7Ž7>5 then LJ:5 @D soy sauce Wiki?to add ËTUT!Help!r ~ _j čËI/ ËT to say," ~ "/ /ľgv/'Il/a' a
  115. 115. Lesson 1 l5:11»äfšä/ f-A 1 (Games using Radica| s) ( I l Combine the components and make a Kanji. 1. EI+$= BË (egg-iv ) 2. 7J(+EE=( ) 3 7K+Ë=( ) 4 Šf+$=( ) s ä+ái=( ) e š+f+ü=< › 7 j+7l<=( ) s _f/ :+7k+ =( ) 9 7J(+-/ Ë;=( ) IQŠË-l-A:( )a.7l< bČľT 053 dQË &li i@ g-Ëč h-Ë Lëiíą“ mi 1.45 mi] uži”p@ V@
  116. 116. Lesson 12 i” I $125? ; sama (About Kanji)ášLwËBË' -2 - ir/ »Ëih 35 L (The Radicals -2- top,bottom)In some Kanji,the radical is the top Component;in some,the radical is thebottom component. 3) ? Ë/»UVJ (top) (ili 3??š?j? ) (Ëč i ž?”è š ä) Va* é:è)These common radicals carry meanings as follows: **s =grass V” =roof / = manGuess the meaning of the radical below.(ËE-: ËË:)4) ZËJl/ (bottom)(ŠË Ë, JLl=manslegs E1321(g) E = = shell =money Guess the meaning of the following bottom components. ËËË-108-
  117. 117. Lesson 12ä+zääæžlähíäí (Basic Kanji)2 -1 .íšiæšävä (Writing Kanji)house,home residencelľëüíoö °7Ž: <) housing 'JËËË ~7*: <)`Š'5 togohomecustomer( 9 ) IIIIIIIŽWË- s <) a guest,a customer ËËUËI 5 ' š o <) a passengerŠŽŠË* J:5 ' L9) a classroom ËËVHLO - 72V) indoor EËËËUT/ u ' Š v@ 5 ' L9) an office,a seminar room-109-
  118. 118. Lesson 12; cica viva:(aura)< z 3 ; c 73v Je "r (10) `"*ËËËääääIIIIII IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIŽUNŽ. ) a house žížüäiö - J? )a landlord 5357505* ~ 7C"<) a familysuperb (for England)ŠËČŽJ* ' ` England Ë$UË$Ë'(ŽK/ X ' 7??' L ' 'C/ v) ËËËUËLW ° "` English language an English-Japanese dictionarymeeting association-110-
  119. 119. Lesson 124*)?(CA,' W? ) this month *érlíl (Š . t 3)) today ? ŠK b) acloud ectricity,an electric light a telephone ËËVËA ~ L v) an electric train -111-
  120. 120. Lesson 12ËV) ) 7o to sell 7739)) V) ľäüí) a sales counter 2 - 2 ,ËËoŠžI/ p L NJ 5 (Reading Exercises) l .Write the readings of the following Kanji in Hiragana.ram;2Jš 3.äš iää 5.ä% ea;7.%ö8. éššä 9. ea 10. se 11. aaa 12. 4% 13. rez; ll .Write the readings of the following Kanji in Hiragana. 1.aman, an, aa. aa. ae 2.%Ë®HAšo5šč$%KääË#WšLto 3.&®äËMwoeË#%mT? , 4.aeuämžwmewwrrmoääeowaciöo 5. LLJ®7ËTli+~Ë #tašna/ SW : Wo6.mmëAm$e5+nEmfmä$ty7-ušoauto-112-
  121. 121. 7. ŽWËËT/ ËËËČODËŠËËËEËLZËV“ i Lto8. 4`× žíišfäššđläšäæí--fžlíräbVCl/ íëæ2 - 3 .Ëž ill/ n. L i@ 5 (Writing Exercises)I .Fill in the blanks with appropriate Kanji. Lesson 121. a house 2. one's home 3. a guest 4. a classroom 5. now 10x'- t( žæ>< šxv (x) Lii 6. to meet 7. medicine 8. English 9. snow 10. a cloud U 0 U _a4 D U 35 < TV) it* : - 00% < è 11. a telephone 12. to sell 'GA,ž) 'Š H.Fill in the blanks with appropriate Kanji.1. today 2. this week 3. this month 4. this year ž; š : A Loš : A : f0 :&L_113-
  122. 122. Lesson 125. England 6. an English person 7. conversation 8. a company D D D DD D *i iv z( iv : < uz» #v b ` #mi 9. a chemist's shop 10. eye lotion 11. to sell <-> to buy D I? : D1 D Z» 7 (TV) '<3 b? ) ("TU 5 7`J 12. rain 13. a snowy country 14. an electric light 15. an electric train / =- ' D ED D : n u 1 : $295 @š CC TA.ž 'GA,Lu?16. my house 17. to go home ,__ m __ Z v ' 0) Š [j l- Ž) 1 l?5 ŽDTCL vi Li t( vi mi š t( 18. an office 19. a guest room 20. a stand 'fc ' i? ? mi DD 75 HA.žoö LO Ë= P< L0 čfv 'C/ x. 21 a family l- D a 7? 76(_114-
  123. 123. Lesson 12: :v l~ 3 šämæ (Reading Material)<li7ŽP"ž > (A Postcard)33 {ć} LŠJ-ËČŠŽÄŠ Ši {ši A* ima (vwfföšbth) 'iFf 7Ibaraki Prefecture ---- ~-' Mr amina (L) a5 F3 gigi Q ~City 45* A* 5 / Ll/'riE(7L-0i%`æ)3TEU5.röao)-1j m@ 47 z 5;' Žl/< " Takezono 3-1 ×'-'* Š ig “æauë-a)l T j);lMr.Mrs.Miss~L / /í/?KT/ Ž itiäiä (czaawm)Lw g) a) :š` í ,. „ 72,( r: m l ga b} „ Žal@ Hokkaidoo `_U„? Ë. EE;'ËTZĆ Ëll 5 za . zíx䔄. -n7×ft„gv×ä _ _ lllčjz7zs- Zäííhyrèforthefirst time » ` l i t* ”V ` ' ”Žľ ~75>I`o®ž5äëíËËËLIäEËŠ-Ëjíídgläíík;aguestfrom~ 1 c k./. × “ æ ` / /D~ ` xgčjišdšæüao IĆŠËUUÄ DTI/ č t 5:6; íæ-MLŽ” YËu/ Číhä toknowwell `ąg<äw9ázrzv 'C-/ gbálíig wzxaixašö _TË .; U17 f: 'íyž ? ä 'Č ×' to give one's regards to°, ;)ľ`: '„ °l7,f:üŽl/ “ŠË (someone)Questions[LO-Blu] 1. fžhüifšni: :æijľ7bíš%ššíLfCŽPo 2. :0)Jt; t/a*ë: `:c: u›: <r75›o 3. : æ/zišoöiílžbštfgfæo 4. cæmivoäwæüpmžsääíuèviíLtm5.: æAm%®ä4AtWäf%LíLt#o_115-
  124. 124. Lesson 12b 'J TH?775* 55. Silnošišäf-A 2 (Games using Radicals) I .Select the appropriate component from ( ) . l. (a5. EE më) (a. ^ b. w c. ›|L) (a. '“' b: * ef") 4. 5. 6 Ë- 5 Ä ..Ž (a. ”" b. "“ c. "”) (a. í b.4 c.7 ) (a. El b El c. Ë) (21.71 b.Š( ch: ) (a. Ë b. El oš) (a. El b. lŽI c. Ë3)ll.Cambine top and bottom and make Kanji. Top:a. _4. b. -i-i- c. ._.7 d. ,_s. ., 02.99 Li-Tą g/ h -116-2?ži7#mæW;
  125. 125. Lesson 13fžv _mËIBËËíš$æää ( Lectures on Kanji). SL00(the radicals - upper left,enclosure)The meanings of some components are located on the upper left or on the en-closure. 5) tfľlupper left) (r:rä š: ) r =roof =sicknessf' =corpse(or crouched body) 6) #i i( enclosure)(F5 PŠ] ËË[55]:two doors (III| _]=enclose(IE EK!) D= borderIn which location is the meaning component of the following Kanji?1. 95 2.121: 3. 5% 4. ili 5. e;6. ? ä7. TÄ» 8. »TE 9. Fe?10. Ë 11. Ž 12.
  126. 126. Lesson 13Ë+EËËUJ ž lä/ »ËŠŽ (Basic Kanji)2-1. íä$o>šžf (Kanji Writings) ä? '- wæ« (Amwide 073-111 37IEEËËIIIIIIIIIIII IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIFÄUJWSW“ wide fiäUJVp- Li) I-liroshima JZUJJJ) ä width ľÄfšhľ 5 ' C Ć) an advertisementIËËEEEEEII IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIËMÄË) a shop ËËHL J:- 'ČAJ a book store IËË (TA,- WA) a store clerk ÄUËUž/ x, - TA) a main store? g- degree FIX frequency ( 9 ) _x- IIËËËËËËËIIIIIIII'd Ë» ° H) once ? Ënfšüäk ' ć") temperature '-47 ` A - E) next time : ËËËPËW ' k: ) speed134135136
  127. 127. 7*H I,H Ë H H ä &(9 Za to be tired &E (9 tirednessíä(u>fs)o7a~tl: (č" apai ` er ËËËËVŠ;' 95) adacÄŠLËUí/ s, - f? ) a book shop Ëiüö( ' Li . t 5) the roof ľ/ ËUËUZ( ' -<°) a butcher
  128. 128. Lesson 13EK li) a country “El/ KUNA ' C < ' Lik) a foreigner EISZKËLË < ' V) 'J ° ? fin - 75%) a national universityIËHË 19)? ' to turn IËHËŽĐ) 7.:to go round@(1 i) 7o to fall into trouble EšË(Č/ v - 72/07::difficult? á íËËGË) < _to open ËËËMW* - 794/035 to open a meeting ËË(U5)< to open ËËJËOTU* - 'CAJTč to open a store
  129. 129. L-íčæ L-èbè/ č-líč145 to close to close a meeting F5 (ć) U70 to close ËËJËŠVVN ° 'C/ JTČ to close a store2 - 2 .Ëini/ n, b Kb 5 (Reading Exercises) I .Write the reading of the following Kanji in Hiragana. 1. m» 2. ášw 3. -Jä 4. é@ 5. 6. ? ËA 7. rä 8. živ? : 9. &na 10. @a 11. ËËHŽĐ 12. @ima 13. ; ë l] .Write the reading of the following Kanji in Hiragana. 1. TË . Ëiëtlžt@Et WE2. ŽUDEIV) il7li7öí`fj< ËAEËV) i? )3. 7CV3IËŠWFËIVËËËFHËČËHIËŠEËËŽËŽŠKÄT<? Ëëwo4. Eröšáäšwröwèt 'éľľšæilľËElllífišľíËhlľiíšíTo5. ŽËËËWDVĆŠ íËA/ ü)6 IE V) ii}
  130. 130. .Lesson 136.: ætËm! ËXËTÄEÄËËŠ%w0 7.äMËEuËÄËT? oËE$Ë+ËKËWT×$äí%$KËíUíTo8. ? El Liľíæmľëfífžíií Lf: ü›r9 &ili Lfco 9.ËžWAf. Ë$T%Ë^GšíLtom. mËkžuügiž? u&bieA„2-3.šžhALwö MmmgamdæäI.Fill in the blanks with an appropriate Kanji. 1. wide 2. painful 3. a shop 4. a country 5. to be tired D v* D v* D D D *t č» U7; ht At“ < t:oi» 6. sickness 7. a book store 8. to be in trouble l: * . _ D i» CE - D: ) D Z» U415 Ž LJ;"C/ u lž/ y “Š” : i 9. once 10. to open 11. to closeEE1=DJ gm» [m(30 #Na ! V5 E L
  131. 131. Lesson 13ll.Fill in the blanks with an appropriate Kanji. 1. a butcher shop 2. a fish shop 3. a liquor shop L'.( 'Ć' “ë in! ? *T* ë 75* "<34. a chemist's shop 5. a main store<->a branch store( TV) *V lž/ x. 'C/ x. L 'C/ x. 6. a stand 7. the roof 8. next timelil. “ 'C/ x. f6 < U J:5 ZA.E9. a hospital 10. a sick person 11. a headacheDiže D3 šäwiDwšäD0;") WA.03:5 : :A biti P? : “š” 'D5 12. tiredness 13. to open the store 14. to close the store D *L a a“ è CD “é” 5 Oh* 75%* 'Ch 'L“ 'CA 15. a foreigner 16. a foreign language 17. Hiroshima“ED “D3 De bit* : < UA.nih : < 3 U5
  132. 132. Lesson 13:1:~y I~ 3 sam (Reading Material)žLtišæôdžLážhf.Iävöiášvóvąfsæí'.ääšläëtíííši Lto ííšhëtztifžnbvx žüArčLfço : mar š@ V) i LL. . íäbëæfžôtzäžröiä) V) íírëë.%đ)äiž «HäiLt. c5„äËu%íoíwíLtoMuC5%A%æEæärmæëA Kèwí Lto &æe/ cash m:Wxwíiäüíägb &Tia tšwí Lk. , ”cæä Em. üæëAæ5äæ%đnæ0iLt. Hu%®ä%rEäžËwíLt. %LT.?E735 @BËHËLHËLCHËAË Lto*fËŽfLT.~ to get tired and ~ ~VTCK because ~ = ~f. ›*ľ`9. ? ËFËË (U3: 5 WA) a hospitalčfb veryTih.~ But ~ Ëëí ofľní L7: was closed <"5ËA by chance ËËJ' H*:š . t <) a pharmacy r ~ _] &Ëľ/ *í L7: (someone) said,“ ~ "[boba]1.: æAušæöEöLäLt#„2. : æmižsæô E") LTIËV) i Lfçfro e. :æAušæöE: «EšíLt#.4.æEaa; næ0z1w»<aacæanw1an 5.: æAuäEæäränu%wíLt#„ 6.mæäA®$%®%đKWfô0íT#o7.: æAuäËfmžËwiLt#o
  133. 133. Lesson 13 L o 'C ui 3“ i» 'C' ž i T a Gäæššfi (Shop names) >Which shop do we have to go in order to buy the items below? 1. ti:8. een/ t 15. 2. . í/„Zľo 9A.U380) 16. 9407"- 3. E759 10.ë"e1, 17. *Jawa 4. il@ 11. ifw) y 18. 788%5. E-; I/ 12. 1,25 19. , a6. 716 13. äLA 20. szw7. nv 14m2@ 21. ? EB'KI/ //ľtfgpávą u.;ao”i 'a
  134. 134. Lesson 14 fžtx _jp ämää H `Ë$ODËË ( Lectures on Kanji)su»ËBË 4 -tľ..t 5 - (the radicals - lower left)Some meaning components are located in the lower left. 7) O:g;") (lower left)(üsäiäąeíehiä) i__=walk ,way K353i?(wwews I: ) (the meaning components + the sound components)In some kanji a different component from the meaning component shows the 'ON YOMI' (Chinese) reading of the kanji. 33-33 H? -+*`/ " BË(EI sun +šj= >`) ËË($hand+-J'p9`)Ë HË-"Ë”f HË (El sun + Ët/ f) š?(Ët4 clear +% conflict)F] ÄËË' ŠK ->7J WUKman +í]`ia) 1Tu"ľ(*grass+í_ľf7) äí( (ífía + 9( open mouth)
  135. 135. Lesson 14ä+äiđJžlähä$ (Basic Kanji)2-1. `Ë$®šž7í (Kanji Writings)ww *m ` ~ s7»-› 39* IIEWWWEIIIIIIIIII5539799“ nea! ' 13957?) < near iíËHŠ A.- li l) the neighborhood 147 remote (13)HHËËËËËËËËËËIIII IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIii( ` í fa išli ` '%<) apicnic148 &MukaŽËUŽËWW fast iËíŠ(%( ' 7:9) express delivery íËËPË( ' H) speed
  136. 136. JËŽUČË 'il ()TZ› to come lateËIIIIIIIIIIIIIIMI Iinnnaaaaselllll IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIa street Ëiäüí - č" ` footpath,a sidewalk ËíË(waterworks L v ' " ` a roadwayËíww- ' LA - 33)) a green lightfine clear upUËUi) ft _fine weather BËŽFËW ' TA) fine weather HËUi) 11.5 to clear up
  137. 137. Lesson 14äU/ ľdüvjc quiet ä( tf) i Z› to become quietEIIII III I" ' " ? Za to continue a feeling(WWE ' š? ) luggage,a package WW:- đ<> vrta to pack ? ËTWVC - i:- ËO) hand luggage
  138. 138. Lesson 14? U5 f: ) a song Šfk? (7)* ° L0) a singer ? M5 7.: ) 5 to sing Ëläfkhľ o ' i? ) the national anthem 2 - 2. seen/ t L Kb 5 (Reading Exercises) I .Write the reading of the following Kanji in Hiragana. 1. iíw 2. iäw 3. žšln 4. Ev 5._ št» 6. sw: : 7. nema 8. šíkö 9. ? što 10. iä 11. ë 12. ëík 13. im@ll .Write the reading of the following Kanji in Hiragana. 1. ? Jíiäæykžäkđwžík2. U15 šæľhtlíäíiäižíšächífc3. äirtcLLJ®$Tf7kcäíLf; c4. iľíFEO)? t"ž›7:Ëč7'Jxvxæšíkžëíkoľą, 5.Ë$#+1%EnT`žËKËäLtc
  139. 139. 6. öæšëlällxæšítiäáiäbľčäæ 7. iímæšídliíätzííší Ltc8. šBäë/ „ciæärëfíc9. &Lrëlióüíiæôüänèftxöc10. ËËHËWËË tiiíšiäfü* U ? Tim#AQ/ t2 - 3 .šžh/ @L Kb 5 (Writing Exercises)I .Fill in the blanks with an appropriate Kanji. Z.far 3. fast 4. slow 5. blue i ' u:E in w u:in Ëh> të?(133 33% 533 6. quiet 7 to sing 8 to hold 9. a package 79* *a U 5 O CE Lf 5Ë è C Š9 10. a way 11. to clear up 12. a temple č#Ë li 'CGLesson 14
  140. 140. Lesson 14II.Fill in the blanks with an appropriate Kanji. 1. a singer 2. the national anthem 3. hand luggage 79' L× o I o b* 'C L'.'B O 4. speed 5. a rich person 6. a sidewalk 7. a roadway CD CD ë ü i CD č ( ć' #ili š» Iž K5 L K* E 5 8. the neighborhood 9. near 10. far 11. a picnic DW?s D< D< D1 ž A li J:'Bih ć 35' il» č < 12. fine weather 13. to come late 14. to delay D 95 D zu a“ 7;,D : n z» *th* "CA.*š Z( Ës( 15. one's property 16. a young man 17. a quiet persongo@ D1 'I'M' 11A.
  141. 141. Lesson 14äđxéiæ ( Reading Material)šiľ %Ë®i@EKËËEËššTcWotxüäšíükücU-:wwf? hafsË<^Eší? #cË*:wwi. Ë<TuËDíËAaäüm@ü<KËwä$#ö0íTc ËŽJVCK bwič CôTTIcU-3 WžëofäšiíücËÄZ č5TThc3%ËČ6wöôší5#5.ËwË%dH0i5c Ë: `ĐíčËtJ›= %f51)`°ľ#aTäëT<fžë-wa11":bá“l/ ŽŠO*ŠËŽEUJ (9 ( ifë A. ) Mt.Tsukuba č Š.7; a place f5*:'C711' < to take (something) Ë (55 'b ) li“ heavy ? f0 "Cšlčč to bring (something)[LGĐAJ 1.Ë$äAuwoäEKHšíT#c 2. äáíä/ ciiää( ífííš : šifra 3. Ë71<äA1iE: ××ifšíTfrc 4.%: uaA&t: ac1#„ 5. E") tfšwiífämiüb äävöæ6. Ëäíä At*:iišäälíiílžläfa 115% íTžPc
  142. 142. Lesson 14 “^%13TWí? Tb*TA.412115<íä$äO 'ËËBË (iævwáw)CD HËH© <%›U(ŠW)O'L_____________ 8 Š'(Weather forecast) >11.11%@ne<acsc› {mä(ËAËw) aš<c5aa5› aa<a: ma› %ËË(&ä%) ËŽËfHšatĐä) xm<asaa› aš<:5«› ľššüföbž) knM(štšo5Lo5)„ .ali: :
  143. 143. Lesson 15 _ybx I älšäž Ižš$®ËË ( Lectures on Kanji)(; /ci1'/ »iiwi)t~ÄFËIËËËUJË?(Kanji for human relationships)I .Personal pronouns ? Bliži p,she il? ) Ć:f:1A you (hearer) I (speaker) ll .Family members : Š : it ` ` 791;' Jill” (35U1/v)(7š(f2/u)(3Y-`73^×) (evæzpxxuzw) (amp)«aszöt : :sat bi:(Isizuëk) (15:21:94))_135-
  144. 144. Lesson 15There are two ways of addressing family members.Words in Group 1 areused when a speaker refers to his own family and words in Group 2 are used when he refers to someone else's family.But when one addresses his own father at home,he may use the word FJBŠČË AJ in Group 2.1. Speakefs family 2. Another's familyfather ŠCČËË) ŽŠŠČČČ 5) Ë/ x,mother a (liti) taman-Ja) ä A, elder brother RUËČC) BËEUCW) ë/ telder sister @(3212) žöíľľlíüľüž. ) ËA, younger brother ? HS 2: 5 č) ËFÄË t 5 č) ë/ x,younger sister 1115036") t) íblčürWbôčlä/ vhusband Ë/ UL@ CA) ČË/ UL@ lZ/ v) ? (350 t)wife ŽWGNËW) &(36 < l šk ? (09child ? RUEË ŽS? (C)°é/ x,-136-
  145. 145. Lesson 15Ëí-_ËËËUDŽ (ä/ »ËŽ (Basic Kanji)2 - 1 .ŠŠ$<DËË75` (Kanji Writings)7í(či›)=7í(či›)fč'ë ' ËÄMV) ' lŠ/ v) afľie ËËUŠD") ' li:5) friendshipŠUËË) one's own father ŠCŽŠÄËË ' 35?) male parent * : BEN:5) ä A father ŠČËLË» - li") parentsiäüiii) one's own mother išlräüiii ° f5?) female parent * ËËIWPŽJ) ël» mother 13 (li ' Z Ć) one's motherland
  146. 146. ?li/ EE (f. ›=<'š"`))#a7il) one's elder brother * 16% :š . t 5 ° 731m) brothers KE.- TV) ians 162one's elder sister * iöáflí (m) ëA elder sisterí W) sistersone's younger brother *ËIŠ? ('Č ° L) a pupil,a disciple childsons,' renounger sister l( iz' #Mt1121501* 5 5 ć) one's younger sister Ëílíæląľ,° ËW) sisters. i . H I.s
  147. 147. IEEEIIIIIIIIIIII IIIIIIIIIIIIIIII Wat)one's husband ~5ËÄ(›5› ' ll/ v) Madam~,Mrs. *- . Šxö ' 45m)a married couple(8)iiäääääällllllll äbí)one's wife ËEËLË« ' ËW) husband and wife ”ËČËUË ' ËW) Mr.81 Mrs.~#31 (t) #VJ- (8)'žitfääälllllllll IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII(Kč (#11) he 150341.) 6 they íäíiľhöw) - li: ) shechief,main lord,ownerËCË š) 7.?chief,main ËŠUË) ËËWJ L) an owner ËÄU» v@ ' lik) a master,one's husband10A
  148. 148. Lesson 15l169 deep,inside f3 ( (7ľ 7) interior (12)rmmmmmmmægæ@(3 < ) deep inside &(35 < ) ä/ s. other's wife,madam =ÄËËUË( - ä í) I I2 - 2. äiähá,L nb 5 (Reading Exercises)I .Write the reading of the following Kanji in Hiragana. 1.2 2.e &Ea 4.% 5.m 6.% 7.äfë 8.@ 9.&Ë m. $æëA,n. süëAu. äRëA m. ämäA M. æäA m. :;A m. ætäl] .Write the reading of the following Kanji in Hiragana. 1.mTäA®ËëAuH®E®ËfËTTo 2.&æ5üëAu%#L$r1o 3. ärätimžær,äaiíuüäirôžäfawgdäb ima4_.?EžľiiJÄl/ *Žžëlío Tv* i? ?_un_
  149. 149. Lesson 155. ËAIiRËŽFËVËlNTTo 6. š- . : ö ziócsüítääaezášsrwiro 7. šæöæüäè,:: nasem OËCBWËËLí uto8. UJEEIËČË ~Ž`ËŠKËŽQ7JW> Li Lfco I asked Mr.and Mrs.Yamada. 2 - 3 .Ëž 11A,b o 5 (Writing Exercises)I .Fill in the blanks with an appropriate Kanji. l.afriend Z.he 3. she 4. father U 75 '6 D CD U =io“ U ë / v &è ? M1 me) DJ:55 t: ) 5. mother 6. elder brother 7. younger brother D= í5l ËADHËUËAU liči #ö bi;(ZP žíč5č 8. elder sister 9. younger sister U =io“ U ë / v U št!#ai HËËJČ:10. husband 11 wifeiii-stici @izist? doč bio [IJ/ e
  150. 150. Lesson 15ll.Fill in the blanks with an appropriate Kanji. 1. brothers (and sisters) 2. parents 3. a married couple ž J:5 ? su . s. ti . s. äv 4. sisters 5. guardians 6. aparents' association L,il. “ Ää HL* . .in if ? NR «š» HL“ »w8. Prof.Yamamotđs pupil 9. my father's friendLLLLMËJTJ gaj@í št 6A.-ËD 105 UA, 10. main language 11. one's homeland 12. one's mother tongueLJËLL LU CCE . m. HA.I:li' l( ii' l( I:
  151. 151. Lesson 15$594@ ( Reading Material)VËËËËZËOT( fžäbuYou received several letters from Japanese students wanting a foreign pen friend.The picture below was enclosed in one of the letters.Read the letters and find whose picture that is.And also draw a family tree for each letter.See p.135 for an example.A:i:Babi l/ Co ËLiiLUEHiËËL.ËCËIÄËËTË} 'Kč &t&äwçL; KwAcwiwoXukžæææcwo üuääæc, ?:x#i%äc? oMt%: x#üš “G113 íôäfčëtärof < TËËKNŽË/ Jöw1.; B I žltiišüZäæžtæffíüa Ečíľflíäššëiwo Llií T/ UCWAËTO Sèii Ziiäílíí;< 7.1' V) í Lto ? Ëäšž &AŠ . t 5 LTl/ ËTWŠÄ i7ËT$TT7ö>6. Elíiíššf* žöáaüšwtííl. l. :c::Au5u„H<u$ž3$ëc. žü®i; x7š 7Kwiwo2ü%, %EKwi? #6,ätmätæ &Wčw<®4AfwTToäËf$ü(T#A)žš storm : E5617: L<o D:MušH(eAsA)$üæžærí. &t: Arw Acwíwoæä. äA&%æ: iA#æ%Uu%f.CWLVLAËČUËLËOZæäkčümizxæä ËËTT#„ËľAdä#ËAf7:xdLí%Ao
  152. 152. Lesson 15äbw[láèírë ISŠËËTUJËŽËBËUX b]<^A>4riíiüíizlšit : :terasa Hrfüäüëfíëüäüäüëë iräkélí irráiáfiííiík viš« *Mäští r *A «tífáííríä ti@ ËËËËŠËËËT i i?irm <áAüU> <æt>* ? Ëäšíäľfx »ËEËËR "" iížäëëš 73 Š ^äèáè ü Ë s š'* ËCTËETËËË #š***Iž EË <O(U> <tü>Eäiíí VIIÄIËTË ärëkäľk rríäíľžiä susrete ? liízžít nrPHFËJ aršä rirriräfeírpäfä` i ürlíllíl<t; ö>Líiäiľíiäiäiäiä
  153. 153. Lesson 15llllllllllllllllllllllllllllllll Äx( l/ Kb 5 llllllllllllllllllllllllllllllll Reüew L.1l-15NIžHi : a : tii a:a ie se a : se F5 s (sm:(aus (me &sei ga:se@ ema) sea) e Ha H@s 7;:se e 5a ; e iris ar äe s 1a suo samAziju:;šta ? in in:iäwz išta @ja ? MattYľľiľš ËŠ5 iä<“ f? ? ŠË5 ËË5 Ëüič Ëiílič Fä-íäbè @Za č i? ? HËhZoI.fcfžbľ/ ŽËËËÄBUËË-We1. cm5@ (nešt ziírät) iiíäitblfTo2. äfíäæäcazío) (isžm me) Mirai 1,71..3. šæöi:(LËËË zäšä) emiitto4. (Lärľiáí zak-ä) c,æfcäröíiäuxcf. 5. ? btw (terra lit? ) @Ëćäizäwíbfco 6. Eíílíäšđ) (iíaiišä zaštiti) &žrtvama7. EEEIä/ „ii. t< (ili 2.115) üiæè.@Dirk s.:mrežnim/ pt (Lüäw zášrw) za“. 9. +: }äc:(Lä 2.? ) fat/ smi? : m. (LËš ZËË)? äwË%ËmíLto11. (Lílíü 2.1112) iiäuozoicwo12. Wei:(Läëk 2.47550 ärásíwm
  154. 154. II.Oš@ 657:@ VJËŽJËËIËËËËËŠTÄHËËVMľšbí?Ëšäíä“ Tľfäí?äwíä' Ëbií'EËUŠT Wžnšä' Ëwí?Ëäööíä" žááäľíí“ 1. šæözíëmíaäc:ima, 2. &ćibxöüž 'Unit, 3. širk/ srba íäž i L;5o4. äššíaí;<6š7b=5tcv›7b›%„ žig5. *L›5-Ëv®o<V) 'C<7*: "ëlno6. iäwľäëmž rwžfáao7. -BER žäf* i LËVľËn &'06 i 1,710 8. áaæiäfžvwíüè 'onih9. ? Aíæš/ „róä 3 oh`<"ëux “C<fc"ëb>oLesson 15
  155. 155. Lesson 16: L: y | ~ 1 fæiæää LËËŽËE 037%?- 2 - ( Kanji for Adjectives - 2 -)There are two types of adjectives in Japanese.One type ends with -Lš (c. f. L8) and another type ends with -Žš when they modify nouns.The '72 ending adjectives can be divided into five groups as follows. 1. Hiragana + CC šhbWľr b:39979*: 2. Katakana + 73: ? VW-HI / V/*ľhíc 'Jvfír (smart) (handsome) (rich)3. one Kanji+Hiragana+7í šifri;á-Ëšzäc HËBVWZC LT" T i)? 4. two Kanji + 7:6 íj/ ŽË ËËŽ;ŽËËJË : m a« mamu L/ „tro {ËËUË ÄVËË 'JÄËË «v» V) . s «w 00:5 i? ? T? ?? K937i Dxö 'ef' ' f;fąvüo5. prefix + two Kanji + icZËIÄËË: . èx L/ »ËO á» 00;: )The Hiragana endings change as follows. Present affirmative Ž ËŠVPL“ ŽËËJË quiet kind Present negative Ž ËŠËVĆĆËË) V) íË/ v ŽËËJTČÄË) UËËÄ (I) v) (I:v) Past affirmative 3 ä? ?? L7: ? EĐJT f:Past negative Ž ËŠŽPTËËŽ) U íË/ x, ŽËWËKËZË U íË/ u(te) (L7.- (te) ew;
  156. 156. Lesson 16Adjective + Noun Š ËWËËKË i ŠËËJËŠËË_ a quiet room a kind teacher äíwöziäcľnäläíš íiüľčtièlæäćë Ë7Š`7Šo ŽIËŠBË75o ŽZËËËäiľ`fiiľf7b`ö ËSËKË ŠËËJTŠIËVËO ? ËËËËAdjective + Verb Š ËVPEËËT ; Ëiľiížížč to speak quietly to teach kindlyAdjective + Adjectiveľ ËŽPËEËËMX ŠËUJËVË Lk* quiet and light kind and gentle&iz You can make -ZËC adjectives by adding -ëí to the English adjectives as follows. / V/*fix (handsome) 726 7x7- l* (smart) 72'J v? " (rich) 72 ? Ëväíš (deluxe) ĆE[TL/ u L Kb 5] Guess the meaning of the following adjectives. E; ~%47w& If ~y 773.' wš7»ü aw? -&
  157. 157. Lesson 16ääüæäwäca/ „iæä2-1. ; äíæšžf (Kanji Writings)origin,source base if 7IIIIIIIIIIIII IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIITížľiüľk ' š) 72 healthy,fine TSH (bik ' li? ) New Year`s Dayspirit,mind air,atmosphere“ š ' ÄŠ/ v) a mood,a state of mind " U*:5 ° Š) sicknesshave,possess existËUË) 5 to exist,to have ËË:U995 ' bi") 72 famous 757301995 ' V) . t <)72 powerful ËWËTL:' @WTč to possess
  158. 158. name,famous members ËËËUË;° ii) a name &ËIËV;° Z' - P) Nagoy ËFÄWDW - L J: ) famous places 2191075“ - 53.9) special p ucts iz"?, ° `Lfc- LM* (16) i“ i š' f”ŠËGËŠ? ) a parent ŠCŠUËË ° 35'? ) father ŽËXLL) LV* intimate,friendly ? FERI/ k ° Ë? ) 72 kindcut,end moderatekinship č'175ËWŠ) Z) to cut iíí$(š o - f) a postage stamp {ËJËWŠ o ' 53) a ticket 739.103:* ' @OT/ fc importantcurrent,traffic convenienceiËUąľW) " ' convenient fiíëiš(čô ' ` - "AJ air mail " ' " atoilet
  159. 159. profit proficient ËËWUVČU ' Š)Š left-handed ËŽUUËV) ' V))72 advantageous *HM - L) interest ama;- ; ahm to „se onve ' nto lacZVËËŠ* ' '"/ ») 'Ž ŽľIC ZËËGË» ' 5 A) š' unlucky ZQËUSs-'ËOTč t Zšíiiälhäa- LA. "Ë"J)72 unkindyoung ("J í' 7)+- 'H' H H' IIIHË%ËI E (79972) li* young š (hir) ë youthfulness ËËHMJ“ - i) (D) a young man7*?179/ x æ z (6)IËËËËËIIIIIIIIIII? Hi-WW early $014?) < early,soon ŠËËUË") ' Ë» . t ")) early morning
  160. 160. Lesson 16MU», rt busy v= %7)›*-Lv=(6)'EO/ Vff) LV* busy ŽTËUÄ - 637))?very busy 2 -- 2 .ËËJMľL/ p L t@ 5 (Reading Exercises)I .Write the reading of the following Kanji in Hiragana. 1. ä 2. g? : 3. : Ev 4. äw 5. 'ItLw 6.iä&%æ% 7.ä@&%ë s. ää&3% 9. 'ËËUËË 10. ? TWËŽIËËll .Write the reading of the following Kanji in Hiragana.1. CVJËWËËËlËWTËWTO2. æšäaifääfëtížwæní L7:üi` / iiäci/ Jtícíufiüfľ/ HNTËZ; šlëšäaiiíílzäcèft;5o 3. $š`ítl= tiiaëfai`žb>ü= ä„ 'ItLwTTo.4. ääëæííiüä-#UDIËAËŠ i Lto ľäælkličfčbšäüf`t7`co
  161. 161. Lesson 165. Cæšľkliäľ/ “ÄLCÄŽËŠË l) &"51 This song is popular among young people. 6- $135( iz?š 'C ËŠHPËC š;CËNFFŠ i Lüo I got up early in the morning and went to the quiet place. 7. CWŠYUNËW$HŠËWËËQJË ŠWTËK These pretty stamps are pre- cious things for my younger brother. 8. ŽLWŽCiTÄK/ *Tiüi jížáWąiäl/ Wfrèx ËLÄVËTËZ»9.uææäaasu`ahs«isrT„'2 - 3 .Ëšh/ u L kb 5 (Writing Exercises)I .Fill in the blanks with an appropriate Kanji. 1. healthy 2. famous 3. kind 4. unkind 72 ? ic CD će HI:i:lil/ u ž ? D5 BMI LA,-ËO «Su LA,iz") 5. convenient 6. inconvenient 7. young 8. busy DŽ] ? fr [I] i:U W U* NA o . s NA,zbir tvžrö* 9. early 10. sickness 11. Nagoya 12. one's name(M5 žDr ED „LLJ LL) *li* 1 72: l' 5? &ši
  162. 162. Lesson 16ll.Fill in the blanks with an appropriate Kanji. 1. uneasy 2. advantageous &disadvantageous 4. to lack of D3 ic CD ? ic DCl ? är D3 t“ è . a nič/ u @ô V) . Su V) s» %< 5. intimate 6. aparent 7. a feeling 8. powerful l W D D3 “6 Dj t:L? : 10"?ž š» MD") l) x < 9. a postage stamp 10. a ticket 11. important 12. to cut A- CC D ? i CD i:D Ëo 'C že . S3 ? ch EO ž 13. air mail 14. sea mail 15. mail 16. quick delivery _x_ ri. .. fl/ 'LËD ta@ a@ . ..eg Z5 <5 UV» 5x7.:U7» 595 U7» to žar) IFA.17. a young woman 18. early morning 19. early time : l v* D <0 L LD I w CD bi» ? S/LZ;Ut ?5 'E325 li?li #A20. famous products33&on . što
Please download to view
All materials on our website are shared by users. If you have any questions about copyright issues, please report us to resolve them. We are always happy to assist you.
...

Basic kanji book 1

by mateo-sepulveda-sanchez

on

Report

Category:

Education

Download: 0

Comment: 0

4

views

Comments

Description

Download Basic kanji book 1

Transcript

  1. 1. 'l'LiJIJI-IJIITSHFL ED. . LTD.
  2. 2. ü li b 2:$šu„#ä$%æžä%tä$žwLfèü$%u. %LfW%muäi; ötw5 äakLrwentèæfæéoäükžæääëääty9-@u„m%$4E#6Vä ižämääw-74žWbN-v+w-: yE; ~7&HmLtä$žË7uđ7A @Ëšä ííž Eifäšäc ËŽËHDËËËWËH žšäiæfähöfäuææüx Eöfmfíüäëläóííäi æääväífäèæüx üäžfšätfšfco ž-æävu-Tæx yzv-áíwsüšfktcí/ EEEL tľš$ä$æüËI~HJæämüu. äty9~æB$%: -xflæäümtrš tä%®Ëü%%žääL„üäžmätèæfľäfbčo ätwä-®m&%*B$%: ~x(%æm® u`äË-$Ëä®EľižKmË ënbľ%%@W%%ŽižHžK%bnTwôož&®HtAEH„#ä$%f&D` RäkæižfæwäääkäšäB$%üžËü? ôtwô: ~xæEmžËüT5t bKM„ü$%Ëä$äË#$WRTËôoítä$žËËT5:tK; of. HÄË %®è®®ËmËh#%íb×Ë6wmHÄË%&%%ËË$Tš5l5t&5„twö Wäèæ5„%iđ„ä$®%wäAK;5Ëä? &5t#„ääiæääwèæëæü ä%®ä%%äüf5:t&E`%t`wa-Lm«täüš$wæbää%tao< äiäüæümuišwo L#L„znifæamæääfu. ä$®äËumk®žä%®%üKën6n5® #ËËT„ä$®ËËË×%®ËË®äLëK6W#b6f. ä$®äËË? äH®M% &Eä+%u&änTštkuwi&wo%äät$u~o-o$mü<%äWb%Lf ËäbTw<L#&wčwômËüäaLtvbË? u„Ë$? HäL<Liö#Ëä èëwmffæèo $äžW5Kätoru. žfä$æäLäž%æ; öu%üLTatom iææüääm üwäëM äšü-ääü(7w77Nyb&E®ä%i$auäôtwöü)m a$%æäa>x%Aææ%ü(vema-mtwaaæmm)m 5%@-ëäüáëæäü mLælö&äLëžËäËKËWë%ètbKu&čËËä%%&ä%ë%ËTæô št. itľä$ä$Jtwö; ö&%mmæä®äi&EAT„žääutbæif æj~wtwö讞äËLT%5:aè%Ë&®fu&wübö#„äuiäüfæô
  3. 3. ľË$%ä®äHšK$T<éäšžèëLmäæwèmuäífäáèćmöæfmü <„ä$®üíë%%%%Käi5a#„äwuoüwètbæääwäčäwowfä zak». Wææäižü-BmäžäžüäwuièxôüäääütLræäiíä á5%%#&Hnđ&5&wtäbn5„ätHä; <Ë5ä$èËämumbLWf 'éšížämšľfšëžäľbäct èíciälfáäąëo Jéoá= <žä$ž%è`? L<Ëäíë Eľäékiä Küäüääfäočš%6n5iôtü6&wtwô%VËmËËËËËDGËŽË nb? ËJI/ &Zíäwáüiötzľbæfžvwèfëèo $%®E%u. ä$ä$aw? &Ëof. žË%u 1.ä$KË? ôH$(iä-ääü-Ëwæw-w-ššü-äšüč)žwäm Käžè 2.ä? ®ämüü(Im#6®š%®$M-määææäüääæäm-äiææ šüwèimšäèäüfèztáäääüæämèü)žowè 3.äitäižmofèäänmtfæämwvewbütfämfäèi6&Ë ih. ämmLh„Ëä&&EžIkä%& twöläfáëoBË5A`ËËë%äHW? K%LTü`äAËŠ$fŠ5;öKL &Užttáüäclľaübuľtliuvöífwärwo g$ä$wËmËËKäto(mmææHmžËm?5tbæü$ž%~äK%ž 'C DJĆFUDJZ "J ? äilíläfžäšäíá L7; æäiæüiäžäiëtbmäi(žüii-üšľi-ääiiëä)žümí 790 ®ä? hž%MKo&WètbK? ä'Ë%č&èé$%&%ääË×%ËäK Ebnèäiæäso ®%Ë@üË%äiètbK„äÄ%&%ËčLTäËT5äižËU„ítäää ž%OË$WËèËË®äËíčl5K%Ë?5o @ËmEË%ä%ü#%wäi%%m15„@%M%HæT%LwäimËä&L Eíiäwämæľäüääæäähs; UFäüä%n+Ë®mämígËË HäLx„) ®A%~ü%®ä$%H$I<äufèíäæäitowmmSmiwmwfsm %+5„ cæxôëbwa5w$®muu„$äu%æË$äW#iw&æ@m&<%æä$ #m®äiæäžä&orw5æf„%æä$æ%šËžËá5:&Tmæž<®äi #Ëiv? <&5kwö; ö&$æè%än<m5oít. $ä$%ä%ä%?5%u„
  4. 4. MaAub#bv+w: a4%aAææ%%%w5;öègærææcawšštæaa ËžËwT4Ää®$W? %ËčuËotä%Ë%äTLTËè&C5áëč: tËBW VJLTË < o wfnKLf$4ËËËËEWŠWH4%ËKäH%üoTAt%ËËËhTW#&H nđ%%um%&w4®f&5#è4:amw$æmäuow<è4ëæuäwaäaw IIJCVWNŠYČČË/ “äfwčo Ärlšlíiäüääľiľaíæľšäfäirë4 iíšcäíüiä/ Níläblt èfäö äš žäväcväwgrzo ć-äížáfš èfžwä< đäjíäčlíäoftnfcfčš4 C"Ë<R4 čäľkäžxutfíbf hđfëuvözägôo xëæmkäüæmiwääžëwëææwämLä$žËM%7w~7æxyn_ 4A#%Mš~%4>äfäL%w4ääL4mbTštèæ? ä5N4šhyy-fa iTM%äž<®EÄäüüü%#%š4%%KËËTËmLTAtLf®ëí$í&š ą›m%-wšaáwmënto%æææxmw%4Ëą4a44äumxmuamën Twbawzbo: m4%&xžbää%®mH®z%äünu4ä$$Ë®×w: fA ? %$ä$®žiË&EKËLf4mbmanæwmäaüđüäžwtümto: ng 0775!?cotlxröwšzëèššľáFh L l-. of`7ítu›oásš. ą'ąa›žääca>ë $750) t z ômäíššjľíbíol/ ITLL äük$kžË%WM%H®$äWžRK5mmLtgääKËUGäüüžwüí ë%K4üüiž®EüËWžäKË%Lfwtü~1bšU7®E$%~EÄKKWË MËW4VbjU~-RawľE#W<ËE%WššUT<ütoít. äËW%üTE ætofu. mmt%®üžEmW%H®4#UxAM%$4?dvævk-mwæua ËËLT4ev×ä%%%®ü~%m9to%n#64ääm#5ä2Wiü: æAžüo 1ä? &M%Ltä%<æääætaveætäämääauxyrèšnècaufš &waL#L4$šæWäuæ?5ËEu4T&<ä$$ËW%7w~7®xym~fæ èääKä5®f4kfæđääžäüwttwtäöo &$4Ä%®%䮞ËWë®üä%d4UTæËDTäèoDuäwälšääí ---- ~ 14 24 34 44 54 64 74 254 264 274 364 444 45 ŽËJK ? íćš ---- --114 124 134 144 284 294 304 334 414 424 43441? E41* ---- ~ 84 94 164 174 194 204 214 24_ 34, 354 374 38 Zíitäfäl ---- - 104 154 184 224 234 314 324 394 40šta 214%@ l/ C4 “èšëiwläžíä -šíáľľwèzouxftibüä4 ËEË - äšäbcouxrmä 7í<4 ËTZËËË ° ËDŠËJËSJ:U°`ËŠTËEËLCOI×= T6iTËËJ4 Ëľlíäüääćli číHiËFJäVlz- 15776:„ III
  5. 5. om<dE#4èwôlôt%ËLfäËËHot„ Ë%K4$%žWü4äËTôä%ž%äí<Eägtääxžľäääžäækü- æää<%äæääæ>9-E)&ü®Iž%®mämm%ää(üt>7-E)n%< @ä$L: Wtw„$švmmën5:5uu44Aæxyn-æöBæ2Au4ä&m %@Tš%Lt>7~ž$hfwè&Ebnô#ÄËWWüKbtmä*®ËE%%o T<ËäoËk>9~®Z7v7®ËkK®#BËäLtwčEô01990511 7 H üüižääæäätya- ä$žËM%rw~7M%+Ë% ËÄ U6 %$ ä?E#ËË%IV
  6. 6. iëælínjí$äæWämHáu58ä0üä4ääæmüuäæišuäofwao W ë määä ä$®ä(ä$®üi% ää maza w~m% %®ä®ËËä$KË? èä%) (itufg) šzíížäi (áääämiqzíu)24.ä$®%šf m%~%Ë2-2. ËËAËŠË 5~105a~T 2g; ääüË m%~ää 44455512( 1155111145) 206}üuioä$%äv? ~A&E m~müämä$äu%ä%%æ%®ä%@äč;5u? $4>änrw8#4:: t%Lt%ämüž EžK4%äšäË4%%%ä®æ%tmDf4üäIæLfuLw„lzhybl 1:911m4äíæwäæääžüwètbæšľmžäääaäbn88æ&Fäiæ%1aLT1ä%f0wËä(1~2~-7ää)u3tbt8æ Tb%oä$®$W4üíË4%Ë&E4wb@5ä$čwöš®ž%äTètb®Ë% æH#K4%Ëä°Ëä®Ëb#&@w~w? &öt#4Ëäæmätišää(Ëää ä-Xwää-ämääüä)üæ5t#4ËË®ä%K;6%Ë(üË°ž&®%%- šüüä-ëä-Ëä-üäèä)%%Eu; b%ä(mH-ËË-ää-æäääx ä$æË%%äË@%%üæä%&E4ëääi&á®#äínrwbo: nu4:æ;5&%%? ËEË#ŠËË®ä$Ëäüæätuäüfä5ć%ž5#6fæèáümL Ë%(%$ü4?ëLWEÄ%)?19XFK&oTw5®T4ËËËKËËČLTËA v: ë%8:z#fšè„ämm475xæ%b®%9@%æm$now<Ë%%%wt D4ŠË%ćËL%otD4%Ë&74X#owfwôäfü%hžËotbLT4Ž@ Ë#%®äfËH5kLTw5:čžE%LTwô#E5#%%TôoËËKLT4NË ~w%ËË(žË%W? Ëf+ËE%fäfwhđ4Ë<$nôËËf$lw)Tëôč #4:: fäAü: zä4&KäË%uu4%æäæx4v7-vtLfæËKä04% ®ä@ä$Ëämm1%æüHt&5üf&®f4ä%üfščfHËË<Ë%%? Tb 8;ö%hLruLwo
  7. 7. 1:9 12114 3oo>äľááwæetcoruwbo zqæžäëyľæäšjæ2-2®ä$%Ë42-3®Ëš%ËTä6o2-1®%%Kü4%®Ë$®%%ë®i wžkš<žL4%®$®š%4i&%%®ä$4@äžäütf4æžbähnáwä Au( )KAnt„mä&u%0#&æäuF-J&Ant„%æTæWtu4äi ®%ämž1EfOËL4ít4%®ä$%ËgtšÄ%&ä%æM%4%ËËËAf4 %®äA&ä%%ä%t„ääæä&uT®; önä$1$%: ttV-Jfäwof ( )®mK%L4%®&uš0#&%HwmJw1mmäüáäaäžtèääf &čeËLËËküöžzä) šbä= jíš 73: big KŽUËVN - 75%) a university jcĐJUd/ i - tb? ) 743: important *ji/ His č:755) an adult 2-zmäaäätz-3æäšüËæ%%u4%n? n4IaHtü#nrw&#4 Lmä%%&%äLwüËü4mummüüäwöääámfæèoäA%ËK%Lf bi L#ä$m&ä%®äA4HwüwäA4&w5;öt&o<w5„%šüË® EKM4ífäoTw&wä$žäotäË8%äëníw5®f4ätwawömä röiäąèfrš Lľtácwöi 10m7 Đ a yæiääbsh žäižtfiëžäüääcíáëíebäbšiæüè đľčóiác<4 m5w? )&šäæëíólíšhľtflnè7c0>iđ>šľľilšëääíæääžic7bšíäëá>ižè : tfæoT4%: K%%ënfw5šË%$<Ëáä85:tfuáwocæctuž *äät 4, l (Ëíľlíë-á MLä-/ Jäwbao I . amar a z;191:114 äžä$đr~íäqfçzlšmzääš %&%L#äËTw&W®T4äK&5č4E®%7va>FäËË%Ë@N~Vč$ ZM) äzaæfæèoëf41ä#5mäi@u475xfT$Kä$æ%šËž%šLruLmæf42- 1 1:20ó}ížfš4 2 - 2 t 2 - 3 <7) I .0)%[šá}1:/ ;šáwè“C20á}7ršËž71w1`4 H . æšíšwiíääš é:IJCËËEPfL v 75544 1157411123134 2 - 1 k 2 - 24 2 - 3 0)I.0)%lšá}1i-?5Eš'ë1žVI
  8. 8. TŠT4%Ë&ä%t$®èä52æäK%; väLTä%l5K%5„ä51@ü4Ë šott:5%%%T5utEb42-2æH(kæäaää)è1;v+3@%A%K šä&ä<; ôuLTw<„%šüËæm; (&äWfu4mäU%Km. äbfwmü ggonfëè)u$%nLT8;wL4žE#Ew%uu4Ëäžä<+5tbKæ@ na iröšèfčôôo žäižš( ZK* Fliíkäüfjíšb>t4 ífđcmäšläš : E15 žëfáèččfëwvšfôčo ä$®7öxËËäTôä%u4%®ä®ä$w-F? ä%w~F%Ë%LTw<%Ë 2%bo7äv9;-w~FtL<4š%; <äAäË%ä%5tbKäöđ#0f&<4 W~F®ä$žüA%b%TËË%WčËËžLtU4ääđčüäw-7%H%T5ü ËžLt04%H#änđ: $%w~F@mäWi®%Ë%35&Ew5w5Tæ@šL„ 72354 Häèmäfžäížšáwèôfíšcítäu 'ĆŠfLČfÄŠËGZËËËŠŠÄíËCCľNT4 1%? " üämæ/ ~1(mggmæmæ/ -1T81w#4774w-/ -1æw-XU~7- / -bäæmäüôätäw)ËËbË5:t$äíLm„%ö? nđ4žæüľšžä èrfaiYäííílšlèífábiLábííFäfšFéfrë-Táäo1:17 I~ 3 11ä4u141:1;1:1;9 1 3 a m.5155172011144, 1111660515114%äüæäA#6íäüæäA«4ä5KüËä$%äotväLw11-U-æääæ ËÄNĆ4%äKO&WTw<: aËË@Lt$®WľË#4&$u4Tščfüäxä Mæäawžëvíxôæäbto1æ1%žüo<è%%%$KE%L;5a}5æ@ u&<4äáentäxyžmm95æu%ä&%äüwž%oTäü4æèwuáüæ Ë%Ëkš<O#A&#BË<äü4&EÄä®Ë%? æäAæW%KüđHè: čKl U4ä@üžËü?6:t%ËËLtè®fô5oËmtwB%~m%fäA4ää%:äüèzzžëžuwafëèo3fäää%fuæ5#4ž$#9Lf8äüäLA% 51571991( hľtlfčËËoff/ FOŽJO Š V) "Čičeæuoľväiľáx 'čžiľbwj : æ-Iz7üay1i4 1w1o1æ89118æm0500004ää%fv8twö%Ëü&<4ääüämææèäuäiđxwoää æElärèfczlšlTc è:írôš 5 L4 : nžžäfmlášäæä ? Xiäcèfcíärëäëäën &èinè w5üüwhwvš5aEöo%%#bnđ4ä$Wä%t%Afw<: t8fšèüô "144 5äšl'è4:“è:1:1:c4íšíá"g*šíj! zæl<-v7bííxvľt'cáígč›æ'č4 áéüääæľšíšužäfë LTĐŠ Lw. , íääé:LffzËtüä-*èfš „two är. uLuæ<ifhätyy-væm9ä%®Bm%%$äMn4æcbmäžVII
  9. 9. iäü®ä$æäAüËuËa<w%nžüíurüotääüæ04mün-z@ü4 mT®;5K1B1ä®m_zfä%mäb6nTw5o1:vä(%%):cA1u;8Im-iüælwätäiæäaüä (ääææääiđääžwæää) 2:vË(%%):DËFUw 3:7Ë(%%):éäüä 4:vB(%%)I ä$äË-ääüä4 37 E @ËŠËHË ' ËËJAŠËËWHËËËIL ? SË/ ŠËKËŽËËËCËO 'Cl/ *čđľmiír < 4 1553* ËËËËËËŠËHËĐCËT < ôžäíšääæääaäíäsä LJËVK 5% V) @GOËËIË ËÄŠËËËO f:W%%&ä$üËälwä%ËšKäfTwL„: ®iôK4W®ľäüč®%Ë$W% fôč#B4%%®75zæääuäbäfwôwôèüwľžľíLfwtüštwä E50í fc.ŽËËTŠËËË LËËZIËŽŠ$BOO$ 114 HËË5JC4 : I -ODC A I `/7 I* 4 "Let's learn Nihongo" *`/ ') ~; Č0) "ŽËŽVDËEËJ 36.4203 TËËËËŠÄËËËËŠËËJ (1988) ä:Ëíiëíštfux 5®f4%ËfËmTè1čËfŠ5oVIII
  10. 10. Lesson Irsmuoj» ši ää 7Ë$®litt L (Lectures on Kanji)Žjľôľëfzíä?-1 - (Kanji made from pictures -1 -)The ancient Chinese drew pictures of various things around them.These pictures have gradually been Simplified and have taken on a square shape tomake them easier to write.This is how the present Kanji characters were made.Each Kanji,therefore,carries a specific meaning. Look at the following picture. Guess the meanings of the Kanji characters below. 1.[_[j 2.}l|3.55] 4.7[<5.E] of] 7.j 8.l`_`I &ä 10.FEJ
  11. 11. Lesson 1These Kanji characters were made from very primitive pictures as follows.Usually each Kanji has at least two ways of being read;the so-called 'KUN YOMI' (Japanese reading) and 'ON YOMI' (Chinese reading). Picture -°> Kanji 'KUN' 'ON' Meaning-> EI U [N ICHI] sun'á Iday -' H O Š [GETSU] moonmonthG J@~~ i ~ 7|< ä [MOKU] tree Ll_J[BOKU] ` -* [l] R” i [SAN] mountain-+ Jll #b ( [SEN] ) river -' Ä U č:[JIN] man [NIN] person-' D -' D < 'E [KOU] mouth-*-* i ( &i [SHA] car ËË»-›-› F?ova") [MON] gateN( -› EE] -› EE] r:[DEN] rice field / L ( ) reading is rarely used. When a single Kanji is used alone as a word,we usually read it by its 'KUN YOMI' (Japanese reading) which gives its meaning.When Kanji are used together with other Kanji to make a word,.we often read them by their 'ON YOMI' (Chinese reading).Generally speaking,however,the way of reading Kanji shouldbe decided according to each individual word.
  12. 12. Lesson 1æ-ËŠG) ž iähíš?(Basic Kanji)2 - 1 ,$ä$® iržiľrf;(Kanji Writings) < žiä/ „GDJD-Jb (Basic Rules)>! la-JD l I Make every Kanji the same size and put themin a square.›< ass.os ; Iz-JD 2 Z Follow the basic stroke order.`(1) Write from left to right.“ë__p(2) Write downward.i i(3) Draw strokes from the top to the bottom as follows. _a2 to? :(4) Draw strokes from the left to the right in the followingorder.J ííl(5) Draw a square in the following way.l 3učim: :--» (6) When there is a figure in the square,the line which closesthe square is drawn last. l 2-1 3 4 5 li f7 Illl Hi lji c. f. When a stroke line passes through a square,draw that stroke last.I 2 3 4 +5 s JQ @LT li ri;g ni;a 77JIz-llv 3 Z There are three basic ways to end a stroke. CD Stop® Stretch® Hook
  13. 13. i ., ~ › ~ 1 ' x r .. a.'ç m ' ' ^ , ._ . . `„„ * . , u:,;ii ' .,Ä . .„. . .í_ .; v' í i ':. ž -a i=› u s r .š,„a u › z;i E i?š. - - “ . .. * é ,i á < ,. g _ „. ,, .i “ 1 ' " . r ' " i“fm , . „ .'~-': ííf”, ;._~': ,k*: . .,M„ Ž .:z g z' 'a * .. , „ š z .i *í -i Ž ' Ë.; a I i l I l) I l I š i v' I i i I I I w xVii@ tit! ? - .ii š:jine. 'f f&g;Sauna , ,, .L„A _ g,. .. .z' g“ vi 2 L i = i i ~ i v' v ą .“ i ; ;. i u .~. ~›-; " n.,. . „. ' M š ,A c 31., !' .. . *. * , gi „. , ç H ,i i .X _.› x ( l .i i .i r .p 2 .»s .g* I ii ` ` v 4 ~ i 3 .i s iľií1T l“ šav: ) . a am. .; Äi ' .sam@
  14. 14. Lesson 1siriverJll (#19) a river 3"( ! WH (Čël/ *Za ° 75379) the Nile Riverril fc/ -fš (5)ce field mI_ . U . - -ËI . EI . - I- _- . - _- . - . - I.I_ _- . - I-7' ' ? SC apanese nameí _ I' .a .„ ' Z / L ąrro i vor ' i ccc v.or,EHVd/ olí' a ric ' ld IlJEH H°í ' 75) nese name onman persAGM: ) man,a person 3Ä(Ëk ' lC/ v) threU (< Ë) i!mouth ÄlľlU/ ”O ' ČË) an entrance
  15. 15. ËKčí) acar 'ËËVĆ/ n LI? ) atrain ËËŽJËUË ' 31°: ) ' L? ) a car,an automobile v? WE A. ) a gate ËFËHËA - *b A. ) a speciality
  16. 16. Lesson 1i,,. „__ -í---^"*2 - 2 .&tI/ u( Reading Exercises)l. c_›, .~-' . uI.Write the reading of the following Kanji in Hiragana. 1.* _ &ä 3.5 4.? ? 5.56. j( 7. 13 8. Lu 9. Jli 10. E51 11 A 1:1 _12. [JJ H? ! ä/ tLEËIËE ZËEËB &ŽËËE &Baš5. ž: : . t 5 a:3 H 1 5 stra“.Today is the 15th of March. 6. &FJUD/ iiililll ë / x/C"3`o That man over there is Mr.Yamakawa.7. LLUII ë Ali Eiä/ VĆTO Mr.Yamakawa is a Japanese. 8. EËVDUMŽËŽËUYĆTO That mountain over there iso( if Mt.Tsukuba. 9. CUJJII HËUÄËJHTTO This river is the Tone River. 10. Jll EH ë/ »UDËFËHŠËTTO Mr.Kawacla's specialty is cars.
  17. 17. 2 - 3 .#ž 11A.b Kb 5 (Writing Exercises)
  18. 18. Lesson 1ll.Fill in the blanks with an appropriate Kanji. 1. January1D! nëbi")5. May5Dv*J75V)9 .September9D < 11V)'GA,l/ 'P17 .Mt.Tsukuba21 .a JapaneseDÄD(I. iii» UA. 2. February 3. March 4. April ? D SD 4D il 75') 'ë/ v 79V) L 75')6. June 7 July 8. August 6D ? D 8D 5( bi") LË #V3 U15 75V)10. October 11. November 12. December IOD 11D IZD [još ; bio [sačuva : bia Uoči:#914. Sunday 15. Monday 16. Thursday@| i|@D DËD : :s .25 o* efo . .të8< 41") o' 18 Mt.Flljl 19. population 20. a specialityäiü Cíl ŠD. Sx U Ë/ v Lil» 51") 'tt/ u {Mu22. Mr.Yamada 23. Miss Yamakawa 24. the Tone River[[hA[[hAwmD? i Č @i #b č 7h ni? )
  19. 19. Lesson 2tiv a;_a ä 2 ä .12 *y l* l `ŽŠ$®ii7Žtl× (L_ectures on Kanji)ŽiPBTËfT/ ËŽ - 2 - (Kanji made from pictures -2-)Look at the following picture.Each drawing indicates a certain meaning. Guess the meaning of the Kanji characters below. 1.9( K2.1: 3.5; më 5.7» ruž mi 9.55
  20. 20. Lesson 2These Kanji characters were made from very primitive pictures as follows.Remember that each Kanji has its 'KUN YOMI' (Japanese reading) and 'ONYOMI' (Chinese reading). KanjikPicture -'>i v' mËžëäx"~ 3ší~ 7lá~ 7J<'61 Ä P ` 9:51:13 @as i l" ? s l/. .g/ :Ëąáž~fc~i~i ~ä~ší~~e %~r~a(l) >1 “illš?g. .›i„ pštäšweaæett ciiiiäw) št? ??J'KUN'UA? :#inJö/ »Ë(its-së)N-šô*J-ížrtôäšLON! [KA][SUI][KIN][DO][SI-II][JO][GAKU][SEI][SEN]Meaningfirewatergoldmoney metalground earth soilchildwomanfemalestudylivebirthforegoing previousUsually the 'ON YOMI' (Chinese reading) of Kanji will be written using Katakana in a Kanji dictionary.Therefore,students are expected to learn Kata~kana as soon as possible after mastering Hiragana.
  21. 21. Lesson 2ËZËŠUJËCŽ/ uíš?(Basic Kanji)2 - 1 .?ËËWËŽ #fc (Kanji Writings) < ŠCŽAUDË (Basic Strokes) >(1) a horizontal line WË O*: (či ni».u_- j;ä(Z) a vertical line 'JË/ Päb ? í 7m».) l U i LL) (3) a slanting line Ut Š #iliA ? li / ä(4) a short hookOš A? : C m,ä ; je í (5) a long hookšoö : C6ë Š im».;li 71“ ; Q(6) a corner<5 Je:im».D LL](7) a dot and various short lines U 7.5( 75421 @HN
  22. 22. Lesson 2JUU) fire KLIJUJ“ ° 57v) a volcano WHËE (75* - . I 5 ° U) TuesdaywaterIIIIIIIIIIII IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII*(9733) water 7l<EH HW“ ' 'Č/ v) a rice field ÄHËE (T143 ° J;'J ' U5) Wednesday13 / _ gold,money ` i metal (8). Ja sena ŠËHË / o-JIČ' l Fr'
  23. 23. ?(Č)<`: "(› achild ŠC(io`/ ,72)@? (C) a girl ËTŠËUJL;' L ° 175( HËW) agirl student(3)IIIIIIIIIIIII IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIËüíô/ „ËČWJÄ (U Š: ) a womana student a school. aä-gx) -:5)ËË (tf/ x, - a teacher
  24. 24. Lesson 2previous 'i * foregoingaŽÄJŽDŽ:L/ ëbfc( L) I ŽLÄZËËŠN/' V) O ° ? ËËW - ZFK) a private university
  25. 25. Lesson 22 - 2 .Jíčľiľ/ p L o 5 (Reading Exercises)I.Write the reading of the following Kanji in Hiragana. ll.Write the reading of the following Kanji in Hiragana. l.ČŽLUZUUIIËAUDŽSËTËB2. ? bÄídž/ uo 7l<í' < ? ËËËWO3. ZËODËCWAHËËTË}4. ŽLLiËČËËTGiËVJ i'd/ oo5. ËEHËAiiÄË®ËEËTTo6. ŽJUJËCTËËËI 2 1 “čio That girl student is 21 years old. 7. ŽLUDËŠi/ ËËBiËI 9 6 OËIËËIIETË} Mydateofbirth is the 11th of March 1960.
  26. 26. Lesson 22 - 3 .#ž íh/ t L kb 5 (Writing Exercises)1. Fill in- the blanks with an appropriate Kanji. 1. I 2. a student 3. a woman 4. a child 5. a teacher FbËL bi( “ITU «iS/ niži 1 tľ/ x, -lzľln 6. money 7. water 8. fire 9. the ground 10. gold
  27. 27. Lesson 2ll.Fill in the blanks with an appropriate Kanji. 1. Monday 2. Tuesday 3. Wednesday 4. Thursday 33 33 33 33 I [Bel il [HËD Die-D DEED H"?.JI5 (f il* ali: ) U*° 'Tin . K5 U' š( i: ) U* 5. Friday 6. Saturday 7. Sunday 8. a woman DHËD DHËD DHËD D0>D ä/ u 4:5 U" E ;5 U5 (115 J15 U Ës/ »IËC U2: 9. a girl 10. a girl student 11. a university 12. a fire D <0 D ËDDD i D D ä als/ LI? : 1 U. : L bi( «in ffh m( i» L 13. the date of one's birth 14. a rice field th* #alu ? bia U TL* 'ČK 15. a private university 16. my teacher 17. ahead D : L i D D W Dj D i:L Do fini »M zbtL w.ev šës18. Mr.Kaneda 19. Miss Tsuchida 20. a gold carDIN» DZM DWD ; bwin fc" 55 f5 š/ L(ëí
  28. 28. Lesson 2 "LvTwiT#” )? žiT#i(Do you know these words?Can you use them? ) < 73 l/V5- (a calendar) >[Questions]1. ZFJIZEIHWBËE (äc/ tiözf) str». 2. 2 E15 56145153@ E (fire3. 2 F117 El #145153 El 137%4. 2 F] 21 El 614515323 El ? #7555. 2 Ë 23El liiílľlËEl “(3755
  29. 29. Lesson 3Ëkľnë/ »Är I I æ 3 a? l_v I~ 1 TŠU ? ili (Numbers)ŽË$GDCI7ËC b ( Lectures on Kanji )Abstract ideas like numbers are indicated with the fingers and othersigns.Look at the following signs.5o" isv the Hiragana ending. Sgn -> Kami `KUN' ” -› í7-›-~-› - UČ-O g» z a : :-› :„gm-o 422% s» ž -› E» 3 Jako-O LUllá/ Jmzą SP* 6D* [m : ta-o sele ~ av a3+2 lxlll“ SAE* I:~ 7<3+3 ? Nähtv i:ew 5+2 4H4KON! [ICHI][NI][SAN][sm][GO][ROKUl[SHICHI][HACHU[KYUUl[KU] [JUU]hđeaningonetwothreefourEvesixSGVGHeightnineten
  30. 30. Lesson 311v | ~ 2 äEšæwžcä/ „íäž (Basic Kanji)2 - 1 .7Ë$®7b°ž im*:(Kanji Writings) Ll- (U č:) O one (thing*JUUČ ° U) one (person) -Ë (WË ° if? ) January “ËËUNË ° žalu) one year&LJ;:. (2): (5739 two (things) : Ähäuf:' VJ) two (people): F1 (63. - NO) February : ËFU/ C ° 12A) two years a _ L_ : :i 73% ćurqu+9~ z »magnum ZZS„: :L°; ;°) F:three Jak o -9 *H* ľ/ "q (3)E(o7a~o)O three (things) Z El (áëko ' 7?) the 3rd dayEË (ËA ' ŽFO) March E$(ë/ o - 19A) three years
  31. 31. Lesson 3iäil ima <Ä×Ä<Ä aya:(mwm 24 four i 0-9 "x E . lik/ eli (5) _T |l?rilmlvu DEI l l l i l l l l l [El t;on four (things) am a (i 5 - a) the 4th day 17.5115] (l,' 7559) April [EIËFU:- 73A) four years (El/ x (áz-LIÄL) L4 Fersohns 25 ž five no-o : f(4) 'Tai i iL I í(ľz9)9 five (things) ËEE (V9 ' 75“) the 5th day EH (Ć ° 7559) May Žííkí“ _- ŽQ/ v) five years_E/ ×(_; ;x 4:4.) s ? em-wa 26 lg. . trg-o 1217/137-/(4) 7T(ŽJ`9)9 six (things) **El (UV 75“) the 6th day ? U3 (7>< ' 7559) June ËËVJ( - A) six years: na &<- um e Eersovæs 27 99"(Z)tüíäíroľ) 7 cosas 7t)?(LËËŠO) Julio'li El (7ŽE0)75>) 7° dia -ËËU/ Ëžél/ y) 7 aüos 'lS/ UËUŽČlČ/ xz/ LËlC/ u) 7 personas
  32. 32. Lesson 331 503W) 600 čio mao 800
  33. 33. 35a thousand yen3,000ten thousand all,every' IIIIIIIII -EPËMË - &A - 71A) 750357» ' Č.<)ten thousand yen all countries? Ëwö ' (If) Chiba pref.(3) l-'NŽ/ x) a circle,yen ËFIHUJP( 71A) 100 yen íí$l]i(Ć"Ë/ v ' Ž/ v) 5,000 yenyear Č l,Ž~ `/ age (6 ) 2 1-- 1;- ; íç 4 E_ í Eiæb-ôž) persona mayor,viejo/a šlë$®b - 71.170) afio pasado ËEË;' ŽQ/ u) aüo pasado @EC - EL) este afio
  34. 34. Lesson 32 - 2. JZoËh/ t b kb 5 (Reading Exercises)Write the reading of the following Kanji in Hiragana.(Read vertically from the right. )l] l / Ë JQ *í 3@ Ž í “Ž 7% / Ë “Ž 'El T Z C íí š ~* E r 66 C ilJ - š Ë 0) H ; t ft ä í i 0) U) B3 Ë lľl i:< 35 7 JK :ti LU š ? (3 t El a:EI a:?a El z a:a:ä : F li U) ti iL 35 š Z [li] 0) P?_- é?A T Ë 7? *T* “l” 55 T „t III k* ft + x i bi _| ...ö o:h EJ m] :3a'.i 75 Im sa g;El 7'< V) 0) ` ` El h lľl *k ` jL “C ; F El 7l< O i “C )l× T* #L EH š ii 75 f* . g E F!a“ “č “s” f* 7% Fq Ž) A 'al' 7 |Z ° T o ? L F] l) <" ° El E “l” ° O Ž Ë› 75 EH HH “d” V 'T 7? El ? T Ë.A,“Ć ° jL ` ` ° T |A i ° A @í š Z P?í T.1. ?100 2. %6,900 3. $600 4. 51511000 5. 4 months 6. 8 years 7. Professor Yamada's age is 49. 8. This car costs #450000 9. That mountain is 2,000 meters high.10. One year has 365 days.ll .l.the 3rd of March Z.the 24th of June 3. the year 1985 4. 03-3469-8251 5. Today is Wednesday the 9th of September.6. The 5th of May is Children's Day.7. The population of this country is about 60,000,000.
  35. 35. Lesson 32 - 3 .753% 11A,b kb 5 (Writing Exercises)Fill in the blanks with an appropriate Kanji.5 3 vv< u u? váA &cm5 . ŽMak na9.Ur< . Ž&ima00. 41m0 . HumV/. .Ž U@.7 : aaT ; A „sa aa &A . ŽC CC CMU. : 0b. .HOn? ? . O
  36. 36. 27. 24. tb U b 7: KD _CC_ b 5 33 U) Š C 'H' ë:b_ L Ž).Ë ii a CC 7 ___ e C_ b 79“ CC “5 O _ g:w5 o5 “Č ti u a - . . a O ; U 753 CCC ž 'p o CC 5 U* r __ < 5 C < 26. i:F“ l:o »aa _C. C_ 5 _C 5 C. .. Z" ć:?a š 7» i 1. #20 2. #300 3. #6,000 5. #520 6. #850 7. #47,000 8. 10 years 9. 100 years 10. one person 12. three people 13. four people 14. 15. the 1st of January 16. the 2nd of February 17. 18. the 4th of April 19. the 5th of May 20. 21. the 7th of July 22. the 8th of August 23. 24. the 10th of October 25. November 25.21. 18. b g b 7):75; o o 72: J;a) o f7) üx 22. 19. li -; ~* a r _ 75* 75) o o J:V 5 O j;23. 20.5 < < g;7,;o o Š- o za v z» a4. #80,000 11. two peopleone monththe 3rd of March the 6th of June the 9th of SeptemberDecembera m« os.PM. :
  37. 37. Lesson 3 l/ JTWËTË* (D0 you know these words?Can you use them? ) '(3 ? i 'TJ l.JKËË (Greengrocer)l.VJ/ »Ć (an apple) lit *OVW BTËLVN2. ? MT/ v (an orange) LL ~OL×›( 6361-1753. 25355 (a grape) čin “OUW PfCËVTo4. Tľ/ *VŠ* (a watermelon) lab ~ow< BTWŠVJą, 5. »ww (a banana) &it -Azlš (wear/ q w< tara-im,6. š MP5 l) (a cucumber) Lä _ZFK/ M ËFĆTŽPO7. tvt (a tomato) 62h “iN/ W ËTËLFO8. KAD/ u (la carrot) Ci _Zlíl/ W Bfíľiľo9lO.tih?(an onion) lit #OWN BTËVTO : `'~W"`Y (una col) lih *OUKËYĆËWÄO
  38. 38. Lesson 3.fuíè (Japanese Noodle Shop)n i» š f:E ? E í o n** o &a E,,ss 7G 7 % ') #zg ä ; c "J *š* Ë `E E %7 %0 E %vti A ti / v E t* aim t*cf/ x, lfA lik 7?š! El ! El EE &í 7|?ËL iš š š š š š +PJ PËI PTJ PËI PJ PH P?*b V) %lf thin buckwheat noodles served on a bamboo tray5 33/» thick white noodles served on a bamboo tray7N)`~ noodles in hot soupšôíb~ noodles with fried bean curd,served in hot soup (š Oh means 'a fox' and it is believed that fried bean curd isthe favorite food of the fox. )ta@ š ~ noodles with bits of deep-fried tempura batter,served in hotsoup (fzèfaš means 'a badgerľ)E E,(O Š A) ~ noodles with an egg,served in hot soup (Ë Ši means'moon-viewingľ)? Č (TA) / Š-Žľpsv noodles with some fried vegetables and prawns,served inhot soup
  39. 39. LGSSOD 4 TČIDJZ/ »r-? äi Hæ4aŽËŽUDËUËK L (Lectures on Kanji)šëš/ ľö ? ž 7:53??(Kanji made from signs)Abstract ideas which are impossible to illustrate are indicated with thehelp of points and lines.Sign -› Kanji ~ aiai» JE **`F”`F” “F $~$~$~e vi« ažrí~ i a m. : ~J~ m &Š „': Ží . „ gi;_.Ä:$~$ntn* %×~ó7~“77`~ a äľ~©~77~ j: Look at the followings. 'KUN'L7*: 73:75*žsžs~šu›Ëľ/ **ËWbë: (ormar)áo-HèËFËGON! [J OU][GE][CHUU][DAI][sHoU][HON][HAN][FUN][BUN] [RYOKU]bdeaningabove upunder downmiddleinsidebigsmall rootomgni bookhaHdividepower
  40. 40. Lesson 4äääèwžtíhíš?(Basic Kanji)2 -1 .Ëäímäiövë (Writing Kanji) D109 36 above, on up,superior 37 L . Z -ü*`5/< 75-20 down,inferior "WE 7" (3) T(L7:) under T(ë)ü= °č› to own 515770: L ~ Lf: ) younger TËUT ' L4?) to get off 38 : i: middle z: : 7b=+ a a inside p -J.'7 ( 4 ) HIIIIIIIIIIII*(737333) inside PPICWËKDČ ° L/ u) the center **EPPU/ “Ë ° lZË ' 1203)) all day long
  41. 41. Lesson 4 39 7 4' gru (3) HEEIIIIIIIIIIIIII( `Ž5)Šl^=732 big ŽËŠ(TČV - 737@ _ niversity (KM - t):important *ji/ Mist Žac) an t 40 J small,little -ËW “`/a '7 Y l.( 3 ) IMNIIIIIIIIIIIIII/ J×(J6ËU>= IJË7ŠC .INN (a5 - 73719) a brook,a stream / JVË ` at 5 ' ? bio ' ` ` a primary school */ JÄ(Č.Kb) a child 41 root,origin b ë:rk `/true,main (5) í ' a Japanese Surname A. ) a book Zli / v ' " this day líf» ° “C/ s.) the main office 42 )lf hal A' &L4592675“ fway,middle šlížiüi/ c - / SŠ/ o) half **Ëüi ) half a y EHËËHË/ b - li - 61A)
  42. 42. Lesson 443division,part 7.7 minuteMiša to divide t erstand (Č ' «ša/ u) five minutes 7'<6J`(7› o - a? ? six minutesh power,force ability " (V) Š - 75%) dynamicsIIIIIII IIIIIIIIIIIIIIWUËMZ at WAP: : - Č/ v) how many people year
  43. 43. Lesson 42 - 2. etaži/ l. L Kb 5 (Reading Exercises) I .Write the readings of the following Kanji in Hiragana.1.74: 2.461 3.73 4.J:5.?6.43 7. EHF s.tam 9. / häln 10. šifra 11. awia 12. : leo 13. jna?14. il@ 15. th* 16. WE ll.Write the readings of the following Kanji in Hiragana.1. ZfLGiWIDÄŠTTFo Elzlšššiæzíšrre 2.mæëAæäHuüäruæbiaAe 3. O < ŽODLLZËŠËVFË) V) íTo There is some money on the desk.4. ämlzlz/ bäwiælívwbšáía b are There is a small bag in the car.5. jíš biä-#žílíáiiláilií Lfco We divided a big cake in two.6.Ë&t®Ë$HBüW$WËWETT#o 7. lníiíľľížfiľíáišiüä.jLBËílí-iüifše8. LV) ČTUWËË 9. 179525 10. T155
  44. 44. Lesson 42 - 3 .#ž ill/ i, L KD 5 (Writing Exercises)I .Fill in the blanks with appropriate Kanji. 1. . . 9x. DLT: . /// / '/ /// /// / 3. big D š v* 3315“ Bwč LI5 large medium small 4. what 5. what book 6. a small university 7_ power U U V?U e w G3 U m:;za/ o ,iŽ/ v št* rio ni!ban;8. to understand 9. five minutes 10. to divide it in half
  45. 45. Lesson ~4 'Čžiľü(D0 you know these words?Can you use them? )<ŠËTJ$šJ`Š$ (Kanji at a Station) >North Gate i? }×E] HËEIWest GateEE š [I] [IJ&HD -> East Gate an: : XIII' + + S0uth. GateEntranceIiiiil IIIIINNNINNIINIticket gate
  46. 46. Lesson 4H.Fill in the blanks withaappropriate Kanji; 1. inside 2. water power 3. heat power 4. half past nine K] [DC] ËIË []%Ë] 7.3379* *H* 04:( 75* 03:( ( U Uí/ v 5. what time 6. for counting long slender objects TJ' x- - - ËJFËII Ëľj Llj Llj Ëľ/ v U 73/» . ÄŠ/ v Do lľ/ u A l:lí/ u ä/ u lf/ u 7. a Japanese 8. up train 9. down train 10. an adult (I.lik UA,@tf ( ff 33%;73! 11, a primary school 12. a junior high schoolCľlü Eľjü *B05 ; bio Z513. the middle of July 14. a half,1/2 15. one third,1/3 ËLWËW[11Mj ËDWD u;750 73:1» a;,sm m5 A sa „sm wä 16. three quarters,3/4 17. all day longEIJWËQ EľIJ 41/» „ši/ t wë 6:15 U00518. Mr.Yamamotđs specialty is dynamics. Ëľ]ëA®äE1üEľ1sto@ä 62: &A *EA 'Oš bi(
  47. 47. Lesson 4Jzľľää up trainí š : :J * št:<_ ËŽQ : :il Z:"Flľëä down train Exercise What do the following Kanji mean? 1. Eívľt (imxëo)2. Háü (“C*<"Ë)3.ÄD(WUĆË)4.LD(®RU)5. TV) K750)6.äm(o#LC5)7. EE] (KLCË)8. itlíl (št (V5)9.mü(A&AC%)m. HTä(B#<0)
  48. 48. Lesson 5TŠD 3 f3*'ËSËË.12 *y l* l ? Ëíwtití L ( Lectures on Kanji)l“ F» ( 35, ËŽËEGDËHËËhË 7)* b "Čž tuš?(Kanji made from a combination of the meanings) What does the Kanji l_ El _1 mean?It means 'the sun. ' What does theKanji rË _j mean?It means “the moon. ' Then,what do you think the Kanji FEËJ means?It means 'bright'! Some Kanji are made by combining rather simple characters.Now, guess the meaning of the following Kanji. 1.171: 2.171: 5.121: 6. 91%Look at the following examples and see how each character was4. iz?8. i3.77.527- F5combined and made into a new meaning. Combination Kanji 'KUN' 'ON' Meaning EI + E -F E93 aha-z,w [MEI] bright sun moon both the sun and the moon are 'bright' A + 7|:-+ 171: @to [KYUU] rest man tree a man is 'resting' beside a tree A + zli -› 11: ana 75 [TAI] the body man origin the origin of a man is 'the body' Ž( + '?_*T" š [KOU] love,likewoman child a woman 'loves' a child
  49. 49. Lesson 5Combination Kanji 'KUN' 'ON' Meaning EB + jj -› ä : b a :[DAN] a mah,male rice field power 'a man' is powerful in the rice field ? li + 7|( ->li?L [RIN] a wood tree tree two trees make 'a wood' a grove 7|( "l" 7lË “l” 7lË _> ä *b l) [SHIN] a 'forest tree tree tree three trees make 'a forest' a Jungle F?"l" El -** Fali Äöľ/ ff u [KAN] between gate sun the sun can be seen 'between' the doors K 'l' El '_*li 7th“ a cultivated field i r › fire field burn up the field and make 'a cultivated field' LU + E -> Ë' N19 [GAN] a rock mountain stone a big stone in the mountain is “a rock' i( Most Kanji were transmitted from China,however,there are some Kanji that originated in Japan.For example,'lCHHliühU,QjJUiËB) < (to work),llHË( č 5 l? ) (a mountain pass) are of Japanese origin.There- fore,they do not have 'ON YOMI' (Chinese Reading).Many Kanji used to express the names of fish and plant are of Japanese origin.e. g. ËËXtèXa cod) @UnbLXa sardinej)
  50. 50. Lesson 5æiäsæacäaíaí (Basic Kanji)2 - 1 .ŠËËOMTË 75V:(Kanji Writings)HH U57?) Zak* bright,cheerful @(25) ('75 (dawn) to break TÄWPBŽŽ) a body (ZFËUUN - V* <) physical exercises 13573 (KM - V) . .t <) physical strength
  51. 51. l/ Jyklove,like favoriteFFÄWii-Ë” L) a wood / JVFÄWČ ' if?L) Japanese name ***(7)/ v ' š);5) forestryi forest ." ` jungle (12)i IIIII I IIIIIIIIII: ËËUË (O) a forest aiŠËEĐHiV) ' 7*: ) Japanese name ? ËJ/ lľ( LA.' l) A) woods and forests
  52. 52. iälwlll lina IIEIIII IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIF5 (EBV Ć between F15 (i) lí/ ËUË) 5 to be on time ° ' HËFBEHLË - FA. ) time ima </ „ta aya:(awaö)54 cultivated field liËW/ iif;u (9 )*i “i” *m . ..I. .. HH CH) cultivated field B3' . : - li f: ) fields of rice and cropsi” IIIIII
  53. 53. Lesson 52 - 2. . .tam/ t b Kb 5 (Reading Exercises)I .Write the reading of the following Kanji in Hiragana. 1. tt 2. ; š 3.125 4. æ 5. ä 6. na 7. F5 8. me».9. nata 10. {kaži 11. æít 12. härlëí II .Write the reading of the following Kanji in_ Hiragana. 1. ŽLGifÄ-íäüfílfäfío I like physical exercise. 2. ËTŠËËČËCTŠË male students and female students3. ŠVJÄČËĐÄ men and women4. ËČŠËVDFËŠĐCJHŽFË) V) í 'To There is a river between the forests.5. Wäčľ/ “ŠËOWTWÄ i Lite We took a rest in a light forest. 6. áôælhëľ/ *IJJËT-'HËIËË ("El/ ZIWWU íTo_ It takes about one hour to that small mountain. 7. ËHËläAliEË5l/ *Ä“C"9"o Mr.Iwata is a cheerful man. 8. LLWDLLZJIHIŽFË) V) &'31 There are cultivated fields on the topof the mountain.
  54. 54. Lesson 52 - 3 .#ž 11./ z. L N) 5 (Writing Exercises)I .Fill in the blanks with an appropriate Kanji. 1. atree><2=awood 2. atree><3=aforest ü×%E] [1m= D z« mm _ a:»s 'o 3. woman + child =like 4. rice field + power =a man ača/ w??Z.7;" f1: `57ö>6 32: 1 5. sun + moon =light 6. man + tree =to rest DčD= Dčwl č l=a” U OŠ 5)? ? U2: Š 'VT 7. gate + sun =between 8. body's power =physical strength l č I =l D V?D =CD 6/» U 331973 #5675 '5/?5 TSI. ' V)J: <9. fire + field =cultivated field 10. mountain + stone =a rock D č D =D D V?E =U f:Lifsw» ? i ht.vi)11. a boy 12. man and womanuæu= gg [IJ32;:1 ? VE/ u U:
  55. 55. Lesson 5H.Fill in the blanks with an appropriate Kanji. 1. for one minute 2. for two hours 3. for three days TJ' CCD FD Till bio . ši/ u 75%.l;U 71%.590 75* 75%.4. for four weeks 5. for five months 6. for six years DD D 75“ Dj l . Ši/ z. 1.095 fP/ z. I:H?75V» 5( ŽQ/ v ŽD/ x. 7. forests and woods 8. a holiday 9. an inactive volcanoQ1915@LA.VOA.što@ 75= Ë/ ą.10. physical exercises 11. I like cheerful people.”ä Ha:Tèwüff šfsä.th* H( ŽDTËL 511* Uè:T12. Those men are Mr.Kobayashi and Mr.Iwata. ËODDODDËË @ima z.aals-è: : 0a : li *PL@ja/ magbb f:
  56. 56. Lesson 5| l|| HHHHH| ||| H|Hl| l1l| |llÄx( (2995 | |lHHHlllllllllllllllllllllll Review L.1-5El Ë 7( 7J< ? li é* j:LU J ll EI Ä f Ë lil ä F5 'š' Ë 5B í ~ :5 IZEI i 7*:t A 7m + š *T* 7:7 PŠ] J:T EP j( IJ× ? li : l: 5:: * 73 @I il.?PF 72'?E93 47k 174i il?5% Fe?'HH ž?I.Make 5 sentences by using the Kanji above.ll .Fill in the blanks with an approriate Kanji.LJ 1 i D ij F* í* _._~_ C7 i* " El El ___ *Al _ L JIf li55?
  57. 57. Lesson 5lll.Read the following story. [TËZ-ä/ LGDHËL]ifLciElžlíjížæžä-ËĆTO ËFWËËËTËÄ.+Ë7LEI 615' 4 ZPF;Š i Lie FJHËEË*16$ËEífE$%®752f&Aš; öLíf. üuaľääüšrfoËEJËUDiHËEI LCŽLfJËGiEHFFËEEËČUJ^lNŠ í Lfco Nôbiôäc-Ëríéböiľno L ; C110. `a: tt. %r$æat%ž$#zAfortt. atèaäæëaæærmaatto%æëAuB$Aæ%®Afi„~%ËC5wæ5wíxšwä«wšiLt. %Lf.mëwm®ä#<rWAiLt. %®mæmućftšnwfLto*ËŠFËI (Ë/ »ë/ x.) speciality 435%“ (fd/ WHO physical exercises HËËEI (JĆ č (F) day of the week ~ËË (Ć) ~ a language ~7ŠŠ`ÄIŠPŠT°Ë I like ~ ? E155 (tt/ t LI@ 5) last week 41.7115 We l/ ôl/ ôíc various **f9 ~ for each _E5653 (WË Dir/ x.) for one hour~0)'67)“<'Ć near~[LoĐA]1.7?: ~ëAuEÄAf? #o2.75:~äAæiËuE: fT#o- ä/ »MWËWE t:E2F^š í Lfcžľo1 l3.75 4. 7°šL~ËAGiËHËEVJ>BŠrEHËËE &WWE LíTüæ 5.7?; ~ËAtËubom«wšíLt#o &~ëA$T(mlmgmæĐ4üAwšžLtüæ7. íšlrë/ „ËËGËJIIUJËŽJW T451? Li Ltíro
  58. 58. Lesson 6HŠËËI ; Ëiætití b ( Lectures on Kanji)Žüöľžľ:7%?- 3 - (Kanji made from pictures - 3 -)Look at the following picture.Each drawing indicates a certain meaning. Guess the meaning of the Kanji characters below. LE 2.4!;3.51% Läfą &E 6.?7., @9.3 10.@
  59. 59. Lesson 6These Kanji characters were made from very primitive pictures as follows. Usually each Kanji has at least two ways of being read;the so-called 'KUN YOMI' (Japanese reading) and 'ON YOMI' (Chinese reading) . Picture -'>@a ć3-› š; (KIŠE: 37:" l i »e sa sa ; è wrJ äi ; radimKanjiäläütltllílíüľľZ? älé / Ëlšt*'KUN'ö#Äatäôèö? EH&ONS[MOKU] [J I] [snu] [ŠOKU] [U] [CHIKU] läáäl QBAH)[SEKH[SHHMeaningeye63.1'handrainbambooriceAmericashellfishstonethread
  60. 60. _ Lesson 6ääkäææäcä/ tíæ?(Basic Kanji)2 - i .7Ë$® #ž #fc (Kanji Writings)as w»itemH ”iHHEEEIII IIIIIIIIIIIEËËËËIIIIIII IIIIIIIIIIE (JMH) an EŠŽŠHU ° U" - study of the nose and ears (otorhinology) / í %EËVC) a han ? iílíľč ~ bio? ) a le r *JËČUË J;5 ' l skillful *T$(' - 71)?unsk' l
  61. 61. Lesson 6a leg EU: ) 'O ô to be enough ° % Ć) two pairsIEHEHHËËIIIIII IIII&U858 namex (for America)^"×f IIHHEËIIIIIIII) rice ŠKËHNW“ ' v@ Č ' '"^) Central America
  62. 62. shellfish ? MN i (7)4)(7 )IHHEEEEIIIIIIIIII IIIIIII IIIIIIIII El( `E stone AL „ *iz* (5)HEEHËIIIIIIIIIIII IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII L) Japane E L ' se namethread iz* è:*x IHHHEEIIIIIIIIIII
  63. 63. Lesson 62 - 2 .;5th/ u L Kb 5 (Reading Exercises)I .Write the reading of the following Kanji in Hiragana.1.2. E 3. Ë 4. JË 5. 7?:6. E 7. $ 8. Ti' 9. Ë 10. 715 11. AiiäfékiTo %L'C` HTŠŠËTO12. EižľíkiižlćžfcäíToll .Write the reading of the following Kanji in Hiragana. 1. íáiišæôä$ä7frlní uz. 2. : J ; š 5' 'J f7 iiqižlíiíä) "J i? ) Costa Rica is in Central America. 3. 8750327 5 Tírľľgíížäljžüü/ ËTO Japan buys oil from Arabia. 4. m@ El Gi^K°TŠËËË7ľPŠ id} I write letters in my room on rainy days. 5. *Miš ŽŠEIÄKËŠËËTEFJË bi$f`iië V) í-Ë/ »o I am not so good at Japanese yet. 6. (Ož 1 ; Ëč (OTË ÄIEYW/ *í 1,750 I bought a pair of shoes and 4 pairs of socks.
  64. 64. Lesson 62 - 3 .#ž 11A,L Kb 5 (Writing Exercises)I .Fill in the blanks with an appropriate Kanji. 1. hands and legs 2. a rainy day 3. a shell 4. rice ED l o D D7? f5 Dr äbL am o aw : ab 5. one's superiors and one's inferiors 6_.a bamboo shoot ED W D č ED æ E D (D DU) "Jž.Oč &b LT:U2: ti") Z'.7. Mr.Ishikawa 8. Miss Itoyama
  65. 65. Lesson 6ll.Fill in the blanks with an appropriate Kanji. 1. a purpose 2. a table of contents 3. a letter 4. a stamp D H@ D>í< Diä *JJ D ë( 'Cš Š( U 'C ifľö žo 'C 5. skillful 6. unskillful 7. an assistant 8. shortage ED Z?:D 726 Hr D F D U;5 1” '× f:U;Lo . s. ë( 9. a heavy rain 10. a light rain 11. rain water 833 3586 1 sam &oš 51'" 12. America 13. North America 14. South America 15. Central America D it D F?EE 'sv Z( li( *st* EA.«sv Ëoö «wx 16. thread 17. Ishikawa Prefecture 18. Mr.TakedaDEDë A th” ffUči PL,#Gb HA,
  66. 66. Lesson 6l/ 'JTIAËTË (Do you know these words?Can you use them? ) U/ »UMR<Ä$i®íä$ (Kanji used in Japanese family names) >The following Kanji are commonly used in Japanese family names. EHLUJIIÄZISIFFLTj( d) í E 'VI *il* š?*Ëhüľö a village) EW) a field)See the following Japanese family names. 1. Earl:(fakin) 16. H:(list) 2. LIJEEI (ears) 17. zjvpi:(cafe t) 3. U121: (risk) 18. / J[]_] (avi) 4. lil-F (ri tr: ) 19. / Jxlll (sam) 5. 7|: `F (šætt) 20. xjxæf (#503)6. ? WH (živiš) 21. 71';(tlo)7. HËE (nefs) 22. ? žališ (li V) l» t) 8. JHJ:(bmw) 23. @B3 (Mari).143m“ (Krawe) 24. š? ? (mlaz)(D10. : Pm (erbvrí) 25. EJ! ! (uxtíawlo) 11. : FJII (ľnírífíb) ze.ja: * (iaialnt) 12. 11135? (two) 27. jç/ ľy (alarm) 13. JIIJ:(bvbfrášt) 28. 'r/ IEB (teri)14. i? ? (čio) 29. / r/IEP (rçlitciæ) 15. _tEEl (57:75) 30. 'ľ/ TT (ŽËHLŽË)
  67. 67. Lesson 6Notice the phonetic changes as in the following. Jll (ima) +83 (z) -›JI| EËI (Möë) : l: (im) +J| I (im) wam 0275172112)<> Other common family names: Ex.í/ æk (ima) #ti (moa 71) (Ëíáš (aaa) (ij/ vk (aaa)(hrca/ s) DUŠE (im):5) íäíiä (ram:t) íätííä (ne ö) (UDUL a name card used for business)Title ---- Name _ “ F _ ; si _ a T il?LU T Ë El 740 [] 105 2;LU EF!j:l će še j:IE e “U e* ä I?:a el ji21a ; z ž š( L1.] ëšíš e 5 Lil ž i (41 {j:m _ I U ~ - . šlš š 93 'FČT št?št' I :H?, , ç IZé;i L t tuš ' :?ä 93 ii _.j” l l;ä?ili Ë 'l` 7? T O |Ii j: ) - t DE. .- . q lAddress Name of University _ Name of Company Telephone and Department Department andSection
  68. 68. Lesson 7river:7» I Ink- g.æ 7 5% _12. “y I'~ l ; ŽË$ONIËL (Lectures on Kanji)Žjľöľëfcä?- 4 - (Kanji made from pictures - 4 -lLook at the following picture and guess what it means. Guess the meaning of the Kanji characters below.4.4: 5.47) 6.35] 7.8.225 si 10.3:? št
  69. 69. Lesson 7ätäæž išli/ ä? (Basic Kanji)2 - i .íšíđ) #ž #fc (Kanji Writings)ŽËUËUI) a flower ? Eküiäč - U") fireworks ? EMO U7» a vaseËHHHIIËËËIIIIIIII? i Z(25355)? ) tea Véëäíšíä( ° 'ë - TA) a coffee shop EZËŽEUC ' lik ° ta? ) green tea HBËHC ` - e) black tea/ xIHHHHËIIIIIIIIIII IIIIIIIIIIIVIIUZ Ć) meat . ËNËJČČ "J ' l:() chicken
  70. 70. Lesson 7<»›<+a› í pattern (ÄMĐ) 7"/ letter,sentence : E `/(4 ) ËËËËIIIIIIIIIIIIIJUÄŠ/ u) a sentence ľŠbŠš/ c - ti( ) literature ËCËBËW l» ° »$3- ' L J:3)) the Ministry of Educationá" character g ( 6 )liHHIINIIIIIIIIIII ËIËËËËIIIIIIIIIII IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII-'? `3(L) a letter,a character 565?"- ) ' ll) a letter íšëí-(ËÄ.- li) Kanji ~$ ' . ..lettersIËNHIIIW 3 m Ilnamammlllllllll IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII@(509) a thing Ëwämáwë - 60)) shopping EHËGËM - 4539) a living creature TËHËU:- B9) a baggage 4_ cattle,cow 3) L 45.1. '7bull,0x (4 ) IËËËIIIIIIIIIIIII69 ` L) c : ËËHŠOČ ~ (: <) beef ($393) ° ľ- ")) cow's milk
  71. 71. Lesson 7ä?(»Ahorse ` ' p** (10)IIIIII IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII` 'I )se Šľlüf - V) š) horsepower(h. p.)a carriage- )šš(tb)»v - ä:5) ŽËUËËWI) fish WV? ) ŠËÄËËŠVË) Bľilled fish ËËËWWĐWË:- "(9) a fish shop ŠËËHŠA - š: ) a goldfish
  72. 72. Lesson 72 - 2 .Jíiæh/ ą, L Kb 5 (Reading Exercises)I .Writereading of the following Kanji in Hiragana.li l.B5] 2. š'.3. TE 4. ? Ë 5.6. 43 7.8. ; ti 9. sam 10. 42m 11. 921% 12. icll .Write the reading of the following Kanji in Hiragana. 1.2. sam.3. ? tam 4. v . x 5. ? EUi/ ciľJËžlNhíTo I put some flowers in a vase. 6. Ëlíšfëbľfëlžáür* í Lk. , I bought some chicken at the butcher's. 7. jížflæäížät 6D* 31} I learn these Kanji at the university.8. ? Lii El ÄŠŽËËHŠ ? To I like Japanese tea. 9. ËWCFËZIJMËË-ëáiv* íTo There are small birds in the forest. 10. EŽFACiËHPŠKVFË-fäľio Japanese people like fish and rice andSO on.
  73. 73. Lesson 72 - 3 .#ž h/ u, L kb 5 (Writing Exercises)I.Fill in the blanks with an appropriate Kanji.x“ đ. 1. beef 2. a small bird 3. a horse carriage 4. a letter5051:( . Z ĆU li' Liv š L' 5. literature 6. biology(= study of living creature) 7. Japanese tea. St/ x. ili( {HA 49:0 bi( (I.iž/ x. 5? 8. a goldfish 9. cherry blossoms 10. a sentenceED ë<60>D Ds).ž:
  74. 74. Lesson 7ll .Fill in the blanks with an appropriate Kanji. 1. a flower shop Z.a fish shop 3. a butcher shopD E DE D s:17.:K* sam:v (: < v 4. beef 5. pork 6. chicken 7. horse meat 8. fish meat D3 «a 7: D D3 CD CD ž-'wô iz( il( U) iz( li' u( š. : (: < 9. roast meat 10. grilled fish 11. roast chickenK' il( *V* {#12 'G ĆU12. cow's milk 13. the body 14. a real thing 15. Kanji tf» ; M- D at D3 D3 «a 5500511095 il( th lil» 60) #A U 16. horsepower 17. a pony 18. fireworks 19. a vaseD3 CD CD DW» :či (if:0' i»li' Ož
  75. 75. Lesson 7 *vvbormäíow %ą? žäTv«t×(Do you know these words?Can you use them? ) Ć'5á; °ih<7`ŠËQËJËË (Kanji Zoo) >A The following Kanji are the name of the animals below.Match the Kanji with the pictures. a b c d e f g h *r ` E "JL Ćľ) ? i ëô : ta:@daëfrľ:` UOU u.. sam .' L4.'llillilllllfll
  76. 76. ”Dl 5 LLessHŽËËGDŽËË -1 - (Kanji for Adjectives -l -)Look at the following adjectives. divided into three groups according to the types of the Hiragana endings. 1. Kanji + w2. Kanji + LI»3. Kanji + others IThe Hiragana endings change as follows. Present Affirmative Present Negative Past AffirmativePast NegativeË v* : Ë V* i? : v* 2.7.» : :cm aw» __ m Bľä p:g p:U( (6 #s6- ií b* : Ž v*b* 5n- Ćts bč Lun ` Lw IE u» (5725 7:0) 7:75 LD* etc vein št» / jxäw 6m #sa 'il' bih* ľËVWold) ? li Llr*(new) : E<&w äL<&w ŽËËPOÄ' ; ËLËPOTJ ZË<Ë7J`OÄŽ ŠËL<7ŽC7TO7L`; a w a72:75* V? ' v* Ëš: :a #6 in etc. li? .Lu*59(972D* etc. T(jížľ/ Wbig)xä<&wŽŠŽIVJÄIËËŠ < ĆËŽPOËon8Japanese '-i' ending adjectives can be1,)u}
  77. 77. Lesson 8Remember when the following Hiragana endings are used with nouns,verbs or the other adjectives. Adjective 'l' Noun:ËWËF ËfLWË fiš “$- an old book a new car a big letterŠ<&w$ äL<&w$ kë<&w$ Ëírgtílí älnfwofsä käwöwptšľ Ëüätáwptílí äLülcüwfsä jíä<ľnö>atí Adjective-l-Verb:ËWËVJËT ËL(7ŠIWŠT jíš(7ö*ší1` become old newly buy write in a bigcharacterAdjective+ Adj. : ? ËKTËW ŠíIL<TŠfLWË XŠ<TBËZ›I* old and cheap new and pretty big and bright[h/ L L w 5] Put the proper Hiragana endings to the following Kanji. ? š ž?E ? E 3%)?Ë BE HE" ë 'Đ fiš j( / J
  78. 78. Lesson 8ää/ äææžcä/ „säi (Basic Kanji)2-1 .;Ëíwíržírfc (Kanji Writings)ŠŽHËJÄB) LV“ new ŽËFÄWLÄ ' šik) a newspaper äËH/ /v- L4?) anew car äíüJc-žäl/ v) anew yearË(›5=7«›)V“ Old Ëľbšsč - lí/ v) a used book ËJËËWJWČ ' C ' L? ) a second-hand carËËUË . i 5 ' Ëc/ p) the eldest son ŽËMŠ( ' 75 . I 3)) a president
  79. 79. ' ,expensive Japanese nameËHWČV* cheap ËËPËË“ ' 3)) V) bargain sale “ ËIIËHËJA - L/ QTZ» to be relieved ŽČËUö/ e - *f/ v) 73: safeä 5' ž 5í E4 4' l {MëE1@(0 < ) V“ low ËTČTW - 759373 to fall,to go down {ËEŽËVCW - 28A) a low temperature
  80. 80. Lesson 8i much p ( 6 Ë 8 - u x y IIIIIIIIIIŽüľôäæľn y,much 590*:- L „t 5) more or less žäüľ:° T ` a large numberfew,little Q ") L a little,a few ` L. t')'7l;1/u)ab0y 9 . t")'L`L. t) agirl
  81. 81. Lesson 82 - 2 .Jííiíh/ n, L Kb 5 (Reading Exercises)I .Write the reading of the following Kanji in Hiragana.1. Ev 2. Em 3. živ 4. &m 5. ášw 6. Ham 7.üv› 8.Eu=9.%Lt› 1o;9&ux 1L %eu›m. %äa$E$ B. žEl] .Write the reading of the following Kanji in Hiragana.1. Häænælíáíæäcuso Z.:Ëđľílliüäl/ “Ćio It is dark in the forest. 3. ËJWÄMCUDŠËËŽËVDŽËČTO That man is the president of this junior college. 4. %VVJ`$H$ČËËŠ`ËWO That boy has long arms and legs. 5. Älišw č:Č_ ôfrëiäzt» cE č ôrwäžáihčo Water flows from the higher place to the lower place. 6. / JVŽËČČ EFËËČČ:ËPËŽČ j? ? a primary school,a junior high school, a senior high school and a university
  82. 82. Lesson 82 - 3 .#ž 11A,L Kb 5 (Writing Exercises)I .Fill in the blanks with an appropriate Kanji. l.a new year 2. an old car,a second-hand car ËhWU= DD U“U= DDË &të št,LA.11A,&Za (ši 50") Z [æe 3. a president of the university 4. long 5. short I@ CM CW TŽL“ 75( 753( ËJ:5 72h* 6D? ? 6. a lot of people 7. a few people 8. a dark forest Url“ lľägüwiíwü Uè:33:13' U3; T( < 5 -è V) 9. expensive meat 10. cheap fish 11. to go down [Emil Eľíj Ëľľté 727% li( *PT $713??'CP ? Dll.Fill in the blanks with an appropriate Kanji. 1. a boy 2. a girl 3. (I) have a little money. EI] CC] Híríhäëo Lxöm/ u Lxô li;tnx;1":
  83. 83. Lesson 84. a high mountainED:5 ? A7. a short stringm@E9571* Pé: 10. ancient writingED: ZS/ c13. the eldest sonD35:5 &A16. a junior collegeD3ti».Til*5. a cheap thingEE*PT 50)8. for a long timem@72:75? öhff11. a long sentenceD375:5 . ši/ u14. the eldest daughterD315:5 U; 17. a high schoolDire :5 :56. a used bookH. áxö lž/ c9. new teaHl/ /u är12. a short sentenceHti» . së/ c15. safeí*5A.'EF/ vD726
  84. 84. Lesson 8 LoTtníTir 'ČËËTË(Do you know these words?Can you use them? ) lTk`atö L, ŽËŽČË-A (l) < ŽŽŠŠË> How to play (A) ľ "#573One person reads the letter cards.The others look for the matching picture cards scattered on the table.When a player finds the appropriate card,he gets to keep it.The one who collects the most cards is the winner. How to play (B) I " L/ »HWËWN li r < " (Concentration) Put all the cards face down up on the table.Each person turns over two cards at a time . in turn.If those cards match,hecan keep the pair.The one who collects the most cards is thewinner.
  85. 85. ssss on8a2: 'lg/ Ž ž m@ L) t) (W @l r-*wjí Bil LlË1LL Ë ; ËJ/ Šjtä Ll Ll t) LL
  86. 86. Lesson 9fDžoôj> ä 9 äš ; Ëľiæliäľ b (Lectures on Kanji) 037%?-1 - (Kanji for Verbs -l.-)Each Kanji has its own meaning.It can function as a noun,adjective,verbetc.in sentences.What do you think is the function of the following kanjí 7*A *li Zli Ë'FŽFÄJ and FÄŠJ are nouns,FŠËJ functions as an adjective and FËJ (to buy) as a verb.However,Kanji can not be used alone as an adjec-tive or a verb.Some Hiragana endings always follow and they are called'OKURIGANA (inflectional endings)'. Š?“* ŠËLV* newË -* Š: ) /ËWË?tobuy Using the above four Kanji,let's make some sentences. ? Aliíëibl/ *ÄËËKNË 1,720 I bought a new book.*Laľľlľližäi L < ŽCVVČTo My book is not new. *Llíľlľžäo 'C < ffë No Please buy me a book.
  87. 87. Lesson 9Japanese verbs can be divided into 3 groups according to their wayof conjugation. 1st Group:a verb stem ends with a consonanti?< lik-ul i?š i T lik-imasul ? HEJ < [kik-ul Ëfl š i T [kik-imasul Ë < [kak-ul Ë Š i T lkak-imasul ËËT lhanas-u] ËË L i T [hanas-imasu] ŠËTË lyom-ul ËËÄ i T [yom-imasul Wir [yasum-ul HU* i T [yasum-imasul l??o lkaer-ul 9% V) i T [kaer-imasul Ë 5 [ka (w)-ul 'Š V“ i T [ka (w)-imasu]2nd Group:a verb stem ends with a vowelËN" č [tabe-ru] ËN" i T [tabe-masu] ä Ž 7o [oshie-ru] žíž.i T [oshie-masu] E.6 [mi-ru] Ë.i T [mi-masu] 3rd G roup:an irregular verb *JE 5 [ku-ru] š?í T [ki-masu] 1' Zg [su-ru] l,i T [shi-masu]Classify the following Kanji into nouns,adjectives and verbs. to goto hearto write to speak to readto restto go back to buyto eat to teach to seeto cometo do ËŠË] (čöWL,Noun) ŽTŽËŠËJ (lTľ/ *Jíö L,Adjective)ËÄJËË] (55 L,Verb)
  88. 88. Lesson 9Ëítäæžiä/ »ŠËŽ (Basic Kanji)2 - 1 .;Ëíæžľžžľfz (Kanji Writings) @ti m. « </ „.t; »« : wa:05x15) 86 7' go,conduct V*-( 27'? ''TT line Jazic-ö #ga (s) 'lliíäli H IIIIíj? (ln)< to go ? TOSE ü: ) 5 to carry out jjfëííU);-C"))T5 to travel ~i? (š". t")l ~linesIIHËËEËIIIIIIIIII)5 to come ŠK@ (Bin - next year (6113 ' WC) next month ŠËËI (BW ' C T5 to visit Japan returnF)?go (come) back (10)IHWËHËËËËËIIIIIII JËOČPŽ. ) 5 to go/ come back TËIËHŠ - Č.< )T5 to return to one's country
  89. 89. 90 k), drinkEEMO) tr to drink Ëk(@)? ›t%(b 0)) a beverage ËËŽËU/ V» ° L0) drinkingËZËÄV“ ° lT/ v) an o ` ion ËËFZUTA ' ÄŠ'3)T5 do sightseeing(III IIIIIIIIIIIIIIII ) <to hear,to listen to ËWŠ) Z.;L5 can be heard k)LA.' / ŠŠ a newspaper
  90. 90. Lesson 9? ši wa 93 read u/ L. ` " è ž ž è è š'è+è: l:è: ke: k-: :: a-J:i na n u u ĐETEVHJW_ tO readreading ŠËËËW ' L1) reading books . ËGËËUËW - Lav) a reader94 l( tO Write ËJËHL;"C/ x.) abook shop ` L;- č"")) ' 95 9;/talk` è ` š' › Ä- } è/7 „ z s s :ŽŠ'i n a a a u&L š? ? ? Ë- íi D EŠ peakED í í í Ë ËŽ (Vľ) 5 to buy ËWUŠW* ' ba? ) shopping
  91. 91. Lesson 9educate,teach religionžídíôwič» toteach ëkäWšxö -^<)T5 to educate ? Xáäš . t "› - #W a church žízš@ . t "2 - LO) a classroom 2 - 2. ËËJHIA.b o 5 (Reading Exercises)I .Write the reading of the following Kanji in Hiragana. 1. ŠËT 2. F5( 3. ä( 4. ato 5. Ë5 6. H( 7. ä5s.'kise 9. Ëö 10. mi 11. @se 12. ? K71513. ËT* jíž« "FrššíTo 14. šEË.EEľFëkiaišiëíTo15. li? ? ËNËTË“. ËNËTYËO 16. ? Ii- VCËWVžLíTol] .Write the reading of the following Kanji in Hiragana. 1. Šæöäľ/ *ŽËFAËËËËÄË bio2. llJüšiëkčäšäfšäbíTo
  92. 92. Lesson 93. 553561. "Jfąclđäbíío4. : æääfEĚˎäŽíä-o5. ŽËËĐËIËTTUNÄŠËËŽINË 1,7206. ? Aciäížštlígífíírbíášíšfío 'TI/ Etičöí bäíü/ „o7. EíÄŠWäLl/ jížžäžtíio8. IOíËËWËUŽŠË/ KĆ( ffëlno2 - 3 .Ëž Žľ/ u b kb 5 (Writing Exercises)I .Fill in the blanks with an appropriate Kanji. 1. to go 2. to go back 3. to come 4. to eat 5. to drinkU < D 70 č U “Va U ü“ L* fPŽ_ < 72 C7)6. to see 7. to hear 8. to speak 9. to read 10. to writeD2» [k a* a j<lil?J:
  93. 93. Lesson 911. to do sightseeing 12. reading books 13. a newspaper HA,Ä? ) E < L J;LA./ŠŠ/ vII.Fill in the blanks with an appropriate Kanji. 1. food 2. a drink 3. reading matter 4. shopping Ni Ä #D r;60) o) a0) . .t A m) ; vw m) 5. a trip 6. a bank 7. the 3rd line 8. to 80 back toone's countryM] wj [Da Ewaa žá,Z5 ž Z<o . .e z 5 è / v ž;5 a) _ 9. next week 10. next month 11. next year 12. a telephone DE DD U ? D 45v Loš 6h* efo su 12A.'GA,:b 13. a breakfast 14. a lunch 15. a supper 16. a restaurant WD ËD &D EKE 5;5L; < Bošt/ x( 695 L„t< LV» LJ: < TA 17. to visit for study 18. cherry blossom viewing 19. education : ä Die CI] Da HA.75( ! ili ; št ši") N( 20. to buy flowers 21. to drink Japanese tea[k[}ar[jjj&Da: tt::: A är 0)
  94. 94. Lesson 9 ? žiT#:wæ n you use them? ) <ää> # T . E u T 0 LCa(Do you know these words?A(2)ä? ?-and (B) #L/ „ciniwbąb < “áxô fí”): m. .@U %ËW,I l 1 . na. a. See p.75 to play (A
  95. 95. sssss n9
  96. 96. Lesson 10ŠË ( Lectures on Kanji)6:00IEĆPMealľ ËMËËUĆWi/ u =ËËËHQ;5 ' L;O breakfastË(UZ. ›): `a: /„ Ëäľéoö - L;<> lunch57('I9>"))C"6i/ „= ËË(@")°L; <) supper HËUjíl/ y) : ii/ uTSŽËC?' L . .t <) midnight snack
  97. 97. Lesson 10Ë+ËËGDËCŠA7ËŽ (Basic Kanji)2-1. íæí-ľnwšëf (Kanji Writings)U107» (AJZÄ ? Vaš (VJKTĐ)morning ZF) ä -7- a '7 (12)IEIIIII@N55 ä) morning ŠËE (èbë - U) the morning sun ŠËËUS . t 5 ' L. : Ć) breakfastG} 04 *i* p '3-noon daytimeFx/ x (O _/ Ä/ äL EH IË . E . ä EË I@ I- . - . - . - . - . - I- . -ËWOČ) noon,midday Ëíläüíč - i? ) a nap,a siesta gave» ö - 1,. : <) lunch gmaz.- @wa a lunch breakiJ-A-ž j; 1009« 0*' 33_Ja-4' 13;-Ë _N _I »s ZŽUCZa) night éIiž(: /v - 'W tonightÄËŽËH” - L . t <) a midnight meal
  98. 98. Lesson 10? ši NA (mm #733 (75*<'đ"5)101 nl night N"? (12) IIEEHHHWWWEËIIII IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIEmir/ t) night Ä? HË4(: /× - if/ v) tonight HËEiËUËJS-Lilíl/ v ' Ć ' lji/ v) supper,dinner102 (we)IEEIIIIIIIIIIIII IIIIIIIIIIIIIIII)'" evening,last night ËËU/ ËW ' L . t <) supper,dinner 7:72? ° off: ) Star Festivaldirection way,meanshow ~ - . Z c/ o Mr.~ - 7.757:) evening ° - method
  99. 99. Lesson 10KAJ; before,front previousèggLgLs I l]J- H IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIi) be front Ëiíšľ-(ËA - iji/ t) the first half ~ “Mia/ u ° i ~ years before106 / Ä after,later Z5 č/ VDË I? ' 'i5 back,behind 5 L-ô 2 5- (9)IIEEHH@ä@IIIIIII IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII er iša (r,lat 5 72 behind,back - Ć) ~ years after fžíií ` ` ' iji/ x.) the last half ämíiüllä) every day Ëiä(íb* ' L@ 5) every week ËË (ËW ' W9/ílr* ' OŠ) every monthlËWHIIIIIIIIIIIIlI nnnnnnnnaaallllll IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIŠi?^'L›<D5) nextweek ` @5'í9) t Ši?A'Lw5) lastweek ` -LvĐ5'
  100. 100. Lesson 10109 æ luminary day of 3 '7 the week (18) n H B1 H: : E51 Ben BaH Bas:E315 Eíga H? ? Baš!H? ? H? ! Bi? Ë I I I HED @iËHËB (U59 ' J:5 ' U) Monday KBËE (ŽP ° J:5 ' U) Tuesday 7J<HŽËEI (TV ' . li 5 ' U") Wednesday ? ËHËËI (b < ° eli 5 ' U5) Thursday2 - 2 .Ëíiícäh/ ą, L n 5 (Reading Exercises)I .Write the reading of the following Kanji in Hiragana. 1. šk 2. ë 3. n;4. ni 5. 5775 6. iFäü 7. iFfžá 8. HBË 9. Më 10. 7J<Bë iifküë 12. ćäüë 13. iBË 14. EIBËË 15. 'iša 16. 'ši 17. aa li .Write the reading of the following Kanji -in Hiragana.1. äbšä.ériä.äšä.'üíiä 2. äeä.5B.äiën.@EE 3. š@ 4%.št@ ti@4.ämä%E$æäË%äaíTe
  101. 101. Lesson 105. äaæíäeaaatenaia.6. : UĐŽËËUDËWJMJ:556515“.7. ÄBËEHËJËTBBËËTK/ JUŠŠLI/ Vöíe8. : Fæíäiíizzæäižäbií Lfce2 - 3 .Ëž 11A.L i@ 5 (Writing Exercises)I.Fill in the blanks with an appropriate Kanji. 1. morning 2. daytime 3. night 4. evening &ë Uši if/ u 426 K135 735125. every week 6. a. m. 8. Sundayin Loš Z* 'if/ v (LE 4:5 (f ll.Fill in the blanks with an appropriate Kanji.1. breakfast 2. lunch 3. supper 4. a midnight mealDIËDDI D3ËJ;5LJ: < 505mm KV) L. t< *P L. t<
  102. 102. Lesson 105. midnight 6. last week 7. next week 8. every week J:73:7» &A Loš 6h Loš in Loš 9. two weeks 10. every day 11. every month 12. every year i:Loš ; Mu in 6:5 ätxož/ tfđ žutu/ frazu 13. every morning 14. every night 15. before 16. after il* &ä št* ! flo iž_ «Ëč 17. behind 18. the first half 19. the last half 'Š L 'EE/ v li/ u . Ž 5 li/ u 20. how to read 21. how to write 22. how to hear J:im":7h #fc š im":23. how to speak 24. how to eat 25. how to see,a viewpointDtD END EDli I: : #fc f:frf:ć« i» f:
  103. 103. Lesson 10lHHHHIHJHHIHHHHJIIHI Äs( b@ 5 HllllHHlllllllllllilllllllillReview L.6-10 I.ääoöwtwouns)wääíäläš“W il: E “ti š)?'ä HËE ? Ž ? cælmz , Ë 9%;A 71"@ ; j j(il@ i75 Ëí f' II.žľšääíl (mam I„ Adjectives)íëliäwšíšüäšíèšžá? ? III.ËËËJ(<`: "")L, VerbS) ífjálääëkääšäfääš š ? iN. (%0)7': , Others) ä ĆF* ä i@ Make sentences using the following Kanji.e. g. H?i?W -' WHŠHCËŽ^FIŠ íËVPoLËkŽËËH KW? ?? 3.@. U1 vk ä ili' ? ä Ëälæ' ? H E} E:XIIIE
  104. 104. Lesson 10[ šäšäwíší]I.Fill in the blanks as in the following example. e. g. ËV“ ( 72753311* ) -* Elôæjkliížjíäbxo1. jc___( ) -› 2. ×J~__„ ( ) -› 3. a_ ( ) -+ 4 Ë___ ( ) -› 5. füä___( ) -› 6 H%__( ) -› 7. žš__( ) -› 8 9*___( ) -› 9 ËŽ( ) -› 10. íäší( ) -+ 11. 2%__( ) -› 12. á: : ( ) -›ll .Write the 'ON' reading of the following Kanji and make a word. e. g. Ë (t);5) ~> ? Ei?( ) 5.2. š)?( ) 6. ë ( ) 7.1.ËËË-H-3.A Ëlľľl . °° 13+
  105. 105. Lesson 10ll].Give an adjective of the opposite meaning. e. g.?- ? Ši1 i? ? - 4. j( -2 Ë - 5 ë -3 f9@ - 6. ili - [äšäæiääI.Fill in the blanks with appropriate Hiragana. e. g. i* Jači? ' ('? °T-<77~í3')L E ( ) 0 Ë ( 2. ? iz ( ) 7. ší ( & æ ( ) & Ë < 4.5 ( ) 9 L ( 5 6 ( )1o T (l] .Complete sentences using the following Kanji as in the example.ž æ L T Ë Ë ä Ë ä W E H % ü E Š E eg E-wžäwíf 0 L íbëž O 5 xíž 2 ääž O o të?& EÄËË O T ižž4. jíž^ o 8. ËËË'
  106. 106. Lesson HTih _xp I ene I ; Ë-Ëwšä ( Lectures on Kanji)st»ËBË -1- (the radicals -1-)Most Kanji are formed by more than two components.The followings arethe ways the components are formed. 1)'/ » (left) 2) 9 < l) (right) 3) #Air l) (top) 4) Ž) l,(the bottom) r---iJ s 5) Ëžífthe tzppcr left) (i) ivžEšJthc enclosurtr) 7) lči 5 flmvex' left) Djani-e where the components express the meaning of the Kanji.We call these components “Bushu (the radicals)".The Kanji made frompictures (or their simplified forms) can be the radicals. ®humanbeingsIl(í)'Ëľ-%'Ë'Ë-EPŠHHFËË" @animals and plantsŽĆFwË'Ë'ËwË°7l<"ľ'ľ~žlí~- @natureľü-Ë'k-Ä(? )-ä-: :-Z5'[JJJll-Ëlíw (<1) life and t0olľEEl'F”Ël'Šé°Ëí'Ë(Ë) ( ) ure Simplified formsThere are many radicals which can not be used as Kanji by themselves. Guess to which of the seven radical groups the following belong. ? ä'FaEl°ľeľ'ľiľJ-'žš-ä-ä°fž-iä-Ë-Ëü-lä'šË-Tí-Ë1) or Z) Z HË 6) 2 3) or 4) I ili 7) I 5) :
  107. 107. Lesson H1) 'A. (left)(W li} VE (ZF (št) (ti (ž (š) (žila ? EH i@ ŽË) The Kanji group with the meaning components located on the left is thelargest of the seven groups. f= Ä=man ×T= step Guess the meaning of the common components below. WH#FEEHË(B= EI= ) ëtšííšääíí(š= š=)**W212i- (f=7l<=) Ëótëlí (Ë= 'Ë=)2) o( l)(right)rvvvvulThe components which carry the meanings can be located on the right. 4 E= Fm ; ËË H -_-_- g»,: moon g( j( z: :hit
  108. 108. Lesson 11 æ+-äæacäA-ä$ (Basic Kanji)2 - l .ËŽWËŽË (Kanji Writings)make produce(HO < ) 70 to make ľlííUä ( - wifi/ v) composition iľnädë( ~ UA) a piece of work ËJJTHČ") ' ë) actionx ` " " ` ` `, x ` `xI I l] 17'] / íl//ÄŽÄWËÄ) <" to swim 7l<i9l< (TU) ' il") swimming7li3fë(è7›áš6 ' i) an oil painting ` 'Ëš ' ('93) petroleum
  109. 109. Lesson i i @(5 3%) the sea,the ocean ŽËHHJW* ' NV) oversea EIZl-WËUZ - (št/ x, - #V0 the Japan Sea iiibfšhöib* ° TV) sea water ~ ií/ a - Lo) Japanese wine ° Lw) foreign liquorsEIZIKMH;#tema)'-> to wait (ËËŠG 'E ' 51/* ' L9) a waiting room L:") 'tbüTô to invite ËBËUDVJ ' ËBËËC "›315): :. C5.school (ËËN.") ' t;t 5) a school principal EW) a high school student
  110. 110. Lesson 11one hour a watch,a clock° if) language,a word Vu) a message~ š:° (TIN) a watch,a clock ËTËUTW - #OTô to plan ` ŠT(f: b - BA.' (TV) a thermometer(14) ` * š ž ž ž ž Ë'ŠT: >?vlè3í-šižížžt haaalDDmDnDDHÄŠËËUC ° lí/ u ° ČČ) Japanese language TËËHŽU) ' Ć) English *WËËPËND - 753729) a story
  111. 111. cookedxicemeal,foodLesson liĆËËCË ' (Ti/ u) cooked rice.meal =ËJŽUČL) a colloquial wor)i used by male&$095-üb)LWsupperšËöh/ ą, L «o 5 (Reading Exercises)Write the reading of the following Kanji in Hiragana. l. W6 2.äć 3.@ 4.@ 5.@ 6.%o 8.%Ë 9.%% m. š5 n. HT% U : ä m. m% M. E% m. &ËWrite the reading of the following Kanji in Hiragana. l. 3.t'. ).Hääewľžššibüo . $Ë®7~we~ËË%äiLk.íryämäwšärr.&Ëbítiää Ćëlíčšľľc 1,514“soy bean soupš@Elžlíiäžäžlíäľ/ i bit. . . žü
  112. 112. Lesson II6. jížæjíš *NËËTĐTTB* ë Ažfätą í 'fa7. x-z×'-'C'; `K&×<y2:iiiiä L:ôwžäbiífgsoy sauce2 . - 3 .se im.t.o 5 (Writing Exercises)I.Fill in the blanks with appropriate Kanji. 1. oil 2. the sea 3. cooked rice 4. Iíquor ` S.to make l I D ľ-"D D D š» 5.545 545* fila.3h' g( 6. to swim 7. to wait 8. to say 9. Japanese language D <" D O.D 5 DDD 341 ž t' L'.&A 3 10. time 11. a school 12. a watch U fP/ x. bio Z5 č_ HU
  113. 113. Lesson 11S.9 I 30 p. m. 6. one hour_ i 7. what time r:3 < U m._vä U ; wc rm- U 8. a primary school 9. a junior high school 10. a senior high school bxönio C5 '$305 bio Z: ) Z5 Z: ) 11. a school principal 12. composition 13. petroleum :a 5 . z 5 ë < m» % aa o 14. swimming 15. Chinese language 16. linguistics= study of language [IJ BHD Tv 71v 5:95 ć( r cfA.3 n«17. breakfast (colloquial -° formal)ED= D:Q= üD«hät sm.@ä äx-äux(18 .lunchüD= DrËFEDU75 &bb ' U75 Bošt/ x( 19. supper ' s i ___ sa* ___ i ____ . -5UD~D~ËFED~II! if/ c m,lil».11A.@ô 11A. @ô bi(
  114. 114. Lesson 11 ' 951% (Reading Material)<äv>7>äRead the following passage and guess who is who in the picture below.mižëžæ a area a š? ? yfccšlëi LfcoËüBËlË/ ÄËD J:5 Đ ËŠL$T"Ë`73>5 ËĆËËŽËËVIËU i LTL» if$WËËTwäwíLk„%hm5@čL;5@ËDniLü„ aaaaevaaaLt„masxaavamao maaamaraaeaauno%c<eaaaach„EFJIIË/ uiižlíæilll/ i LTL,HÄŠËË?VTZËTËT ! J čľ/ ľ/ Ë thea? ? 77° a camp.camping i? : firstI/ TCŽSČËT to fry %ŽL7Ž7>5 then LJ:5 @D soy sauce Wiki?to add ËTUT!Help!r ~ _j čËI/ ËT to say," ~ "/ /ľgv/'Il/a' a
  115. 115. Lesson 1 l5:11»äfšä/ f-A 1 (Games using Radica| s) ( I l Combine the components and make a Kanji. 1. EI+$= BË (egg-iv ) 2. 7J(+EE=( ) 3 7K+Ë=( ) 4 Šf+$=( ) s ä+ái=( ) e š+f+ü=< › 7 j+7l<=( ) s _f/ :+7k+ =( ) 9 7J(+-/ Ë;=( ) IQŠË-l-A:( )a.7l< bČľT 053 dQË &li i@ g-Ëč h-Ë Lëiíą“ mi 1.45 mi] uži”p@ V@
  116. 116. Lesson 12 i” I $125? ; sama (About Kanji)ášLwËBË' -2 - ir/ »Ëih 35 L (The Radicals -2- top,bottom)In some Kanji,the radical is the top Component;in some,the radical is thebottom component. 3) ? Ë/»UVJ (top) (ili 3??š?j? ) (Ëč i ž?”è š ä) Va* é:è)These common radicals carry meanings as follows: **s =grass V” =roof / = manGuess the meaning of the radical below.(ËE-: ËË:)4) ZËJl/ (bottom)(ŠË Ë, JLl=manslegs E1321(g) E = = shell =money Guess the meaning of the following bottom components. ËËË-108-
  117. 117. Lesson 12ä+zääæžlähíäí (Basic Kanji)2 -1 .íšiæšävä (Writing Kanji)house,home residencelľëüíoö °7Ž: <) housing 'JËËË ~7*: <)`Š'5 togohomecustomer( 9 ) IIIIIIIŽWË- s <) a guest,a customer ËËUËI 5 ' š o <) a passengerŠŽŠË* J:5 ' L9) a classroom ËËVHLO - 72V) indoor EËËËUT/ u ' Š v@ 5 ' L9) an office,a seminar room-109-
  118. 118. Lesson 12; cica viva:(aura)< z 3 ; c 73v Je "r (10) `"*ËËËääääIIIIII IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIŽUNŽ. ) a house žížüäiö - J? )a landlord 5357505* ~ 7C"<) a familysuperb (for England)ŠËČŽJ* ' ` England Ë$UË$Ë'(ŽK/ X ' 7??' L ' 'C/ v) ËËËUËLW ° "` English language an English-Japanese dictionarymeeting association-110-
  119. 119. Lesson 124*)?(CA,' W? ) this month *érlíl (Š . t 3)) today ? ŠK b) acloud ectricity,an electric light a telephone ËËVËA ~ L v) an electric train -111-
  120. 120. Lesson 12ËV) ) 7o to sell 7739)) V) ľäüí) a sales counter 2 - 2 ,ËËoŠžI/ p L NJ 5 (Reading Exercises) l .Write the readings of the following Kanji in Hiragana.ram;2Jš 3.äš iää 5.ä% ea;7.%ö8. éššä 9. ea 10. se 11. aaa 12. 4% 13. rez; ll .Write the readings of the following Kanji in Hiragana. 1.aman, an, aa. aa. ae 2.%Ë®HAšo5šč$%KääË#WšLto 3.&®äËMwoeË#%mT? , 4.aeuämžwmewwrrmoääeowaciöo 5. LLJ®7ËTli+~Ë #tašna/ SW : Wo6.mmëAm$e5+nEmfmä$ty7-ušoauto-112-
  121. 121. 7. ŽWËËT/ ËËËČODËŠËËËEËLZËV“ i Lto8. 4`× žíišfäššđläšäæí--fžlíräbVCl/ íëæ2 - 3 .Ëž ill/ n. L i@ 5 (Writing Exercises)I .Fill in the blanks with appropriate Kanji. Lesson 121. a house 2. one's home 3. a guest 4. a classroom 5. now 10x'- t( žæ>< šxv (x) Lii 6. to meet 7. medicine 8. English 9. snow 10. a cloud U 0 U _a4 D U 35 < TV) it* : - 00% < è 11. a telephone 12. to sell 'GA,ž) 'Š H.Fill in the blanks with appropriate Kanji.1. today 2. this week 3. this month 4. this year ž; š : A Loš : A : f0 :&L_113-
  122. 122. Lesson 125. England 6. an English person 7. conversation 8. a company D D D DD D *i iv z( iv : < uz» #v b ` #mi 9. a chemist's shop 10. eye lotion 11. to sell <-> to buy D I? : D1 D Z» 7 (TV) '<3 b? ) ("TU 5 7`J 12. rain 13. a snowy country 14. an electric light 15. an electric train / =- ' D ED D : n u 1 : $295 @š CC TA.ž 'GA,Lu?16. my house 17. to go home ,__ m __ Z v ' 0) Š [j l- Ž) 1 l?5 ŽDTCL vi Li t( vi mi š t( 18. an office 19. a guest room 20. a stand 'fc ' i? ? mi DD 75 HA.žoö LO Ë= P< L0 čfv 'C/ x. 21 a family l- D a 7? 76(_114-
  123. 123. Lesson 12: :v l~ 3 šämæ (Reading Material)<li7ŽP"ž > (A Postcard)33 {ć} LŠJ-ËČŠŽÄŠ Ši {ši A* ima (vwfföšbth) 'iFf 7Ibaraki Prefecture ---- ~-' Mr amina (L) a5 F3 gigi Q ~City 45* A* 5 / Ll/'riE(7L-0i%`æ)3TEU5.röao)-1j m@ 47 z 5;' Žl/< " Takezono 3-1 ×'-'* Š ig “æauë-a)l T j);lMr.Mrs.Miss~L / /í/?KT/ Ž itiäiä (czaawm)Lw g) a) :š` í ,. „ 72,( r: m l ga b} „ Žal@ Hokkaidoo `_U„? Ë. EE;'ËTZĆ Ëll 5 za . zíx䔄. -n7×ft„gv×ä _ _ lllčjz7zs- Zäííhyrèforthefirst time » ` l i t* ”V ` ' ”Žľ ~75>I`o®ž5äëíËËËLIäEËŠ-Ëjíídgläíík;aguestfrom~ 1 c k./. × “ æ ` / /D~ ` xgčjišdšæüao IĆŠËUUÄ DTI/ č t 5:6; íæ-MLŽ” YËu/ Číhä toknowwell `ąg<äw9ázrzv 'C-/ gbálíig wzxaixašö _TË .; U17 f: 'íyž ? ä 'Č ×' to give one's regards to°, ;)ľ`: '„ °l7,f:üŽl/ “ŠË (someone)Questions[LO-Blu] 1. fžhüifšni: :æijľ7bíš%ššíLfCŽPo 2. :0)Jt; t/a*ë: `:c: u›: <r75›o 3. : æ/zišoöiílžbštfgfæo 4. cæmivoäwæüpmžsääíuèviíLtm5.: æAm%®ä4AtWäf%LíLt#o_115-
  124. 124. Lesson 12b 'J TH?775* 55. Silnošišäf-A 2 (Games using Radicals) I .Select the appropriate component from ( ) . l. (a5. EE më) (a. ^ b. w c. ›|L) (a. '“' b: * ef") 4. 5. 6 Ë- 5 Ä ..Ž (a. ”" b. "“ c. "”) (a. í b.4 c.7 ) (a. El b El c. Ë) (21.71 b.Š( ch: ) (a. Ë b. El oš) (a. El b. lŽI c. Ë3)ll.Cambine top and bottom and make Kanji. Top:a. _4. b. -i-i- c. ._.7 d. ,_s. ., 02.99 Li-Tą g/ h -116-2?ži7#mæW;
  125. 125. Lesson 13fžv _mËIBËËíš$æää ( Lectures on Kanji). SL00(the radicals - upper left,enclosure)The meanings of some components are located on the upper left or on the en-closure. 5) tfľlupper left) (r:rä š: ) r =roof =sicknessf' =corpse(or crouched body) 6) #i i( enclosure)(F5 PŠ] ËË[55]:two doors (III| _]=enclose(IE EK!) D= borderIn which location is the meaning component of the following Kanji?1. 95 2.121: 3. 5% 4. ili 5. e;6. ? ä7. TÄ» 8. »TE 9. Fe?10. Ë 11. Ž 12.
  126. 126. Lesson 13Ë+EËËUJ ž lä/ »ËŠŽ (Basic Kanji)2-1. íä$o>šžf (Kanji Writings) ä? '- wæ« (Amwide 073-111 37IEEËËIIIIIIIIIIII IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIFÄUJWSW“ wide fiäUJVp- Li) I-liroshima JZUJJJ) ä width ľÄfšhľ 5 ' C Ć) an advertisementIËËEEEEEII IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIËMÄË) a shop ËËHL J:- 'ČAJ a book store IËË (TA,- WA) a store clerk ÄUËUž/ x, - TA) a main store? g- degree FIX frequency ( 9 ) _x- IIËËËËËËËIIIIIIII'd Ë» ° H) once ? Ënfšüäk ' ć") temperature '-47 ` A - E) next time : ËËËPËW ' k: ) speed134135136
  127. 127. 7*H I,H Ë H H ä &(9 Za to be tired &E (9 tirednessíä(u>fs)o7a~tl: (č" apai ` er ËËËËVŠ;' 95) adacÄŠLËUí/ s, - f? ) a book shop Ëiüö( ' Li . t 5) the roof ľ/ ËUËUZ( ' -<°) a butcher
  128. 128. Lesson 13EK li) a country “El/ KUNA ' C < ' Lik) a foreigner EISZKËLË < ' V) 'J ° ? fin - 75%) a national universityIËHË 19)? ' to turn IËHËŽĐ) 7.:to go round@(1 i) 7o to fall into trouble EšË(Č/ v - 72/07::difficult? á íËËGË) < _to open ËËËMW* - 794/035 to open a meeting ËË(U5)< to open ËËJËOTU* - 'CAJTč to open a store
  129. 129. L-íčæ L-èbè/ č-líč145 to close to close a meeting F5 (ć) U70 to close ËËJËŠVVN ° 'C/ JTČ to close a store2 - 2 .Ëini/ n, b Kb 5 (Reading Exercises) I .Write the reading of the following Kanji in Hiragana. 1. m» 2. ášw 3. -Jä 4. é@ 5. 6. ? ËA 7. rä 8. živ? : 9. &na 10. @a 11. ËËHŽĐ 12. @ima 13. ; ë l] .Write the reading of the following Kanji in Hiragana. 1. TË . Ëiëtlžt@Et WE2. ŽUDEIV) il7li7öí`fj< ËAEËV) i? )3. 7CV3IËŠWFËIVËËËFHËČËHIËŠEËËŽËŽŠKÄT<? Ëëwo4. Eröšáäšwröwèt 'éľľšæilľËElllífišľíËhlľiíšíTo5. ŽËËËWDVĆŠ íËA/ ü)6 IE V) ii}
  130. 130. .Lesson 136.: ætËm! ËXËTÄEÄËËŠ%w0 7.äMËEuËÄËT? oËE$Ë+ËKËWT×$äí%$KËíUíTo8. ? El Liľíæmľëfífžíií Lf: ü›r9 &ili Lfco 9.ËžWAf. Ë$T%Ë^GšíLtom. mËkžuügiž? u&bieA„2-3.šžhALwö MmmgamdæäI.Fill in the blanks with an appropriate Kanji. 1. wide 2. painful 3. a shop 4. a country 5. to be tired D v* D v* D D D *t č» U7; ht At“ < t:oi» 6. sickness 7. a book store 8. to be in trouble l: * . _ D i» CE - D: ) D Z» U415 Ž LJ;"C/ u lž/ y “Š” : i 9. once 10. to open 11. to closeEE1=DJ gm» [m(30 #Na ! V5 E L
  131. 131. Lesson 13ll.Fill in the blanks with an appropriate Kanji. 1. a butcher shop 2. a fish shop 3. a liquor shop L'.( 'Ć' “ë in! ? *T* ë 75* "<34. a chemist's shop 5. a main store<->a branch store( TV) *V lž/ x. 'C/ x. L 'C/ x. 6. a stand 7. the roof 8. next timelil. “ 'C/ x. f6 < U J:5 ZA.E9. a hospital 10. a sick person 11. a headacheDiže D3 šäwiDwšäD0;") WA.03:5 : :A biti P? : “š” 'D5 12. tiredness 13. to open the store 14. to close the store D *L a a“ è CD “é” 5 Oh* 75%* 'Ch 'L“ 'CA 15. a foreigner 16. a foreign language 17. Hiroshima“ED “D3 De bit* : < UA.nih : < 3 U5
  132. 132. Lesson 13:1:~y I~ 3 sam (Reading Material)žLtišæôdžLážhf.Iävöiášvóvąfsæí'.ääšläëtíííši Lto ííšhëtztifžnbvx žüArčLfço : mar š@ V) i LL. . íäbëæfžôtzäžröiä) V) íírëë.%đ)äiž «HäiLt. c5„äËu%íoíwíLtoMuC5%A%æEæärmæëA Kèwí Lto &æe/ cash m:Wxwíiäüíägb &Tia tšwí Lk. , ”cæä Em. üæëAæ5äæ%đnæ0iLt. Hu%®ä%rEäžËwíLt. %LT.?E735 @BËHËLHËLCHËAË Lto*fËŽfLT.~ to get tired and ~ ~VTCK because ~ = ~f. ›*ľ`9. ? ËFËË (U3: 5 WA) a hospitalčfb veryTih.~ But ~ Ëëí ofľní L7: was closed <"5ËA by chance ËËJ' H*:š . t <) a pharmacy r ~ _] &Ëľ/ *í L7: (someone) said,“ ~ "[boba]1.: æAušæöEöLäLt#„2. : æmižsæô E") LTIËV) i Lfçfro e. :æAušæöE: «EšíLt#.4.æEaa; næ0z1w»<aacæanw1an 5.: æAuäEæäränu%wíLt#„ 6.mæäA®$%®%đKWfô0íT#o7.: æAuäËfmžËwiLt#o
  133. 133. Lesson 13 L o 'C ui 3“ i» 'C' ž i T a Gäæššfi (Shop names) >Which shop do we have to go in order to buy the items below? 1. ti:8. een/ t 15. 2. . í/„Zľo 9A.U380) 16. 9407"- 3. E759 10.ë"e1, 17. *Jawa 4. il@ 11. ifw) y 18. 788%5. E-; I/ 12. 1,25 19. , a6. 716 13. äLA 20. szw7. nv 14m2@ 21. ? EB'KI/ //ľtfgpávą u.;ao”i 'a
  134. 134. Lesson 14 fžtx _jp ämää H `Ë$ODËË ( Lectures on Kanji)su»ËBË 4 -tľ..t 5 - (the radicals - lower left)Some meaning components are located in the lower left. 7) O:g;") (lower left)(üsäiäąeíehiä) i__=walk ,way K353i?(wwews I: ) (the meaning components + the sound components)In some kanji a different component from the meaning component shows the 'ON YOMI' (Chinese) reading of the kanji. 33-33 H? -+*`/ " BË(EI sun +šj= >`) ËË($hand+-J'p9`)Ë HË-"Ë”f HË (El sun + Ët/ f) š?(Ët4 clear +% conflict)F] ÄËË' ŠK ->7J WUKman +í]`ia) 1Tu"ľ(*grass+í_ľf7) äí( (ífía + 9( open mouth)
  135. 135. Lesson 14ä+äiđJžlähä$ (Basic Kanji)2-1. `Ë$®šž7í (Kanji Writings)ww *m ` ~ s7»-› 39* IIEWWWEIIIIIIIIII5539799“ nea! ' 13957?) < near iíËHŠ A.- li l) the neighborhood 147 remote (13)HHËËËËËËËËËËIIII IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIii( ` í fa išli ` '%<) apicnic148 &MukaŽËUŽËWW fast iËíŠ(%( ' 7:9) express delivery íËËPË( ' H) speed
  136. 136. JËŽUČË 'il ()TZ› to come lateËIIIIIIIIIIIIIIMI Iinnnaaaaselllll IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIa street Ëiäüí - č" ` footpath,a sidewalk ËíË(waterworks L v ' " ` a roadwayËíww- ' LA - 33)) a green lightfine clear upUËUi) ft _fine weather BËŽFËW ' TA) fine weather HËUi) 11.5 to clear up
  137. 137. Lesson 14äU/ ľdüvjc quiet ä( tf) i Z› to become quietEIIII III I" ' " ? Za to continue a feeling(WWE ' š? ) luggage,a package WW:- đ<> vrta to pack ? ËTWVC - i:- ËO) hand luggage
  138. 138. Lesson 14? U5 f: ) a song Šfk? (7)* ° L0) a singer ? M5 7.: ) 5 to sing Ëläfkhľ o ' i? ) the national anthem 2 - 2. seen/ t L Kb 5 (Reading Exercises) I .Write the reading of the following Kanji in Hiragana. 1. iíw 2. iäw 3. žšln 4. Ev 5._ št» 6. sw: : 7. nema 8. šíkö 9. ? što 10. iä 11. ë 12. ëík 13. im@ll .Write the reading of the following Kanji in Hiragana. 1. ? Jíiäæykžäkđwžík2. U15 šæľhtlíäíiäižíšächífc3. äirtcLLJ®$Tf7kcäíLf; c4. iľíFEO)? t"ž›7:Ëč7'Jxvxæšíkžëíkoľą, 5.Ë$#+1%EnT`žËKËäLtc
  139. 139. 6. öæšëlällxæšítiäáiäbľčäæ 7. iímæšídliíätzííší Ltc8. šBäë/ „ciæärëfíc9. &Lrëlióüíiæôüänèftxöc10. ËËHËWËË tiiíšiäfü* U ? Tim#AQ/ t2 - 3 .šžh/ @L Kb 5 (Writing Exercises)I .Fill in the blanks with an appropriate Kanji. Z.far 3. fast 4. slow 5. blue i ' u:E in w u:in Ëh> të?(133 33% 533 6. quiet 7 to sing 8 to hold 9. a package 79* *a U 5 O CE Lf 5Ë è C Š9 10. a way 11. to clear up 12. a temple č#Ë li 'CGLesson 14
  140. 140. Lesson 14II.Fill in the blanks with an appropriate Kanji. 1. a singer 2. the national anthem 3. hand luggage 79' L× o I o b* 'C L'.'B O 4. speed 5. a rich person 6. a sidewalk 7. a roadway CD CD ë ü i CD č ( ć' #ili š» Iž K5 L K* E 5 8. the neighborhood 9. near 10. far 11. a picnic DW?s D< D< D1 ž A li J:'Bih ć 35' il» č < 12. fine weather 13. to come late 14. to delay D 95 D zu a“ 7;,D : n z» *th* "CA.*š Z( Ës( 15. one's property 16. a young man 17. a quiet persongo@ D1 'I'M' 11A.
  141. 141. Lesson 14äđxéiæ ( Reading Material)šiľ %Ë®i@EKËËEËššTcWotxüäšíükücU-:wwf? hafsË<^Eší? #cË*:wwi. Ë<TuËDíËAaäüm@ü<KËwä$#ö0íTc ËŽJVCK bwič CôTTIcU-3 WžëofäšiíücËÄZ č5TThc3%ËČ6wöôší5#5.ËwË%dH0i5c Ë: `ĐíčËtJ›= %f51)`°ľ#aTäëT<fžë-wa11":bá“l/ ŽŠO*ŠËŽEUJ (9 ( ifë A. ) Mt.Tsukuba č Š.7; a place f5*:'C711' < to take (something) Ë (55 'b ) li“ heavy ? f0 "Cšlčč to bring (something)[LGĐAJ 1.Ë$äAuwoäEKHšíT#c 2. äáíä/ ciiää( ífííš : šifra 3. Ë71<äA1iE: ××ifšíTfrc 4.%: uaA&t: ac1#„ 5. E") tfšwiífämiüb äävöæ6. Ëäíä At*:iišäälíiílžläfa 115% íTžPc
  142. 142. Lesson 14 “^%13TWí? Tb*TA.412115<íä$äO 'ËËBË (iævwáw)CD HËH© <%›U(ŠW)O'L_____________ 8 Š'(Weather forecast) >11.11%@ne<acsc› {mä(ËAËw) aš<c5aa5› aa<a: ma› %ËË(&ä%) ËŽËfHšatĐä) xm<asaa› aš<:5«› ľššüföbž) knM(štšo5Lo5)„ .ali: :
  143. 143. Lesson 15 _ybx I älšäž Ižš$®ËË ( Lectures on Kanji)(; /ci1'/ »iiwi)t~ÄFËIËËËUJË?(Kanji for human relationships)I .Personal pronouns ? Bliži p,she il? ) Ć:f:1A you (hearer) I (speaker) ll .Family members : Š : it ` ` 791;' Jill” (35U1/v)(7š(f2/u)(3Y-`73^×) (evæzpxxuzw) (amp)«aszöt : :sat bi:(Isizuëk) (15:21:94))_135-
  144. 144. Lesson 15There are two ways of addressing family members.Words in Group 1 areused when a speaker refers to his own family and words in Group 2 are used when he refers to someone else's family.But when one addresses his own father at home,he may use the word FJBŠČË AJ in Group 2.1. Speakefs family 2. Another's familyfather ŠCČËË) ŽŠŠČČČ 5) Ë/ x,mother a (liti) taman-Ja) ä A, elder brother RUËČC) BËEUCW) ë/ telder sister @(3212) žöíľľlíüľüž. ) ËA, younger brother ? HS 2: 5 č) ËFÄË t 5 č) ë/ x,younger sister 1115036") t) íblčürWbôčlä/ vhusband Ë/ UL@ CA) ČË/ UL@ lZ/ v) ? (350 t)wife ŽWGNËW) &(36 < l šk ? (09child ? RUEË ŽS? (C)°é/ x,-136-
  145. 145. Lesson 15Ëí-_ËËËUDŽ (ä/ »ËŽ (Basic Kanji)2 - 1 .ŠŠ$<DËË75` (Kanji Writings)7í(či›)=7í(či›)fč'ë ' ËÄMV) ' lŠ/ v) afľie ËËUŠD") ' li:5) friendshipŠUËË) one's own father ŠCŽŠÄËË ' 35?) male parent * : BEN:5) ä A father ŠČËLË» - li") parentsiäüiii) one's own mother išlräüiii ° f5?) female parent * ËËIWPŽJ) ël» mother 13 (li ' Z Ć) one's motherland
  146. 146. ?li/ EE (f. ›=<'š"`))#a7il) one's elder brother * 16% :š . t 5 ° 731m) brothers KE.- TV) ians 162one's elder sister * iöáflí (m) ëA elder sisterí W) sistersone's younger brother *ËIŠ? ('Č ° L) a pupil,a disciple childsons,' renounger sister l( iz' #Mt1121501* 5 5 ć) one's younger sister Ëílíæląľ,° ËW) sisters. i . H I.s
  147. 147. IEEEIIIIIIIIIIII IIIIIIIIIIIIIIII Wat)one's husband ~5ËÄ(›5› ' ll/ v) Madam~,Mrs. *- . Šxö ' 45m)a married couple(8)iiäääääällllllll äbí)one's wife ËEËLË« ' ËW) husband and wife ”ËČËUË ' ËW) Mr.81 Mrs.~#31 (t) #VJ- (8)'žitfääälllllllll IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII(Kč (#11) he 150341.) 6 they íäíiľhöw) - li: ) shechief,main lord,ownerËCË š) 7.?chief,main ËŠUË) ËËWJ L) an owner ËÄU» v@ ' lik) a master,one's husband10A
  148. 148. Lesson 15l169 deep,inside f3 ( (7ľ 7) interior (12)rmmmmmmmægæ@(3 < ) deep inside &(35 < ) ä/ s. other's wife,madam =ÄËËUË( - ä í) I I2 - 2. äiähá,L nb 5 (Reading Exercises)I .Write the reading of the following Kanji in Hiragana. 1.2 2.e &Ea 4.% 5.m 6.% 7.äfë 8.@ 9.&Ë m. $æëA,n. süëAu. äRëA m. ämäA M. æäA m. :;A m. ætäl] .Write the reading of the following Kanji in Hiragana. 1.mTäA®ËëAuH®E®ËfËTTo 2.&æ5üëAu%#L$r1o 3. ärätimžær,äaiíuüäirôžäfawgdäb ima4_.?EžľiiJÄl/ *Žžëlío Tv* i? ?_un_
  149. 149. Lesson 155. ËAIiRËŽFËVËlNTTo 6. š- . : ö ziócsüítääaezášsrwiro 7. šæöæüäè,:: nasem OËCBWËËLí uto8. UJEEIËČË ~Ž`ËŠKËŽQ7JW> Li Lfco I asked Mr.and Mrs.Yamada. 2 - 3 .Ëž 11A,b o 5 (Writing Exercises)I .Fill in the blanks with an appropriate Kanji. l.afriend Z.he 3. she 4. father U 75 '6 D CD U =io“ U ë / v &è ? M1 me) DJ:55 t: ) 5. mother 6. elder brother 7. younger brother D= í5l ËADHËUËAU liči #ö bi;(ZP žíč5č 8. elder sister 9. younger sister U =io“ U ë / v U št!#ai HËËJČ:10. husband 11 wifeiii-stici @izist? doč bio [IJ/ e
  150. 150. Lesson 15ll.Fill in the blanks with an appropriate Kanji. 1. brothers (and sisters) 2. parents 3. a married couple ž J:5 ? su . s. ti . s. äv 4. sisters 5. guardians 6. aparents' association L,il. “ Ää HL* . .in if ? NR «š» HL“ »w8. Prof.Yamamotđs pupil 9. my father's friendLLLLMËJTJ gaj@í št 6A.-ËD 105 UA, 10. main language 11. one's homeland 12. one's mother tongueLJËLL LU CCE . m. HA.I:li' l( ii' l( I:
  151. 151. Lesson 15$594@ ( Reading Material)VËËËËZËOT( fžäbuYou received several letters from Japanese students wanting a foreign pen friend.The picture below was enclosed in one of the letters.Read the letters and find whose picture that is.And also draw a family tree for each letter.See p.135 for an example.A:i:Babi l/ Co ËLiiLUEHiËËL.ËCËIÄËËTË} 'Kč &t&äwçL; KwAcwiwoXukžæææcwo üuääæc, ?:x#i%äc? oMt%: x#üš “G113 íôäfčëtärof < TËËKNŽË/ Jöw1.; B I žltiišüZäæžtæffíüa Ečíľflíäššëiwo Llií T/ UCWAËTO Sèii Ziiäílíí;< 7.1' V) í Lto ? Ëäšž &AŠ . t 5 LTl/ ËTWŠÄ i7ËT$TT7ö>6. Elíiíššf* žöáaüšwtííl. l. :c::Au5u„H<u$ž3$ëc. žü®i; x7š 7Kwiwo2ü%, %EKwi? #6,ätmätæ &Wčw<®4AfwTToäËf$ü(T#A)žš storm : E5617: L<o D:MušH(eAsA)$üæžærí. &t: Arw Acwíwoæä. äA&%æ: iA#æ%Uu%f.CWLVLAËČUËLËOZæäkčümizxæä ËËTT#„ËľAdä#ËAf7:xdLí%Ao
  152. 152. Lesson 15äbw[láèírë ISŠËËTUJËŽËBËUX b]<^A>4riíiüíizlšit : :terasa Hrfüäüëfíëüäüäüëë iräkélí irráiáfiííiík viš« *Mäští r *A «tífáííríä ti@ ËËËËŠËËËT i i?irm <áAüU> <æt>* ? Ëäšíäľfx »ËEËËR "" iížäëëš 73 Š ^äèáè ü Ë s š'* ËCTËETËËË #š***Iž EË <O(U> <tü>Eäiíí VIIÄIËTË ärëkäľk rríäíľžiä susrete ? liízžít nrPHFËJ aršä rirriräfeírpäfä` i ürlíllíl<t; ö>Líiäiľíiäiäiäiä
  153. 153. Lesson 15llllllllllllllllllllllllllllllll Äx( l/ Kb 5 llllllllllllllllllllllllllllllll Reüew L.1l-15NIžHi : a : tii a:a ie se a : se F5 s (sm:(aus (me &sei ga:se@ ema) sea) e Ha H@s 7;:se e 5a ; e iris ar äe s 1a suo samAziju:;šta ? in in:iäwz išta @ja ? MattYľľiľš ËŠ5 iä<“ f? ? ŠË5 ËË5 Ëüič Ëiílič Fä-íäbè @Za č i? ? HËhZoI.fcfžbľ/ ŽËËËÄBUËË-We1. cm5@ (nešt ziírät) iiíäitblfTo2. äfíäæäcazío) (isžm me) Mirai 1,71..3. šæöi:(LËËË zäšä) emiitto4. (Lärľiáí zak-ä) c,æfcäröíiäuxcf. 5. ? btw (terra lit? ) @Ëćäizäwíbfco 6. Eíílíäšđ) (iíaiišä zaštiti) &žrtvama7. EEEIä/ „ii. t< (ili 2.115) üiæè.@Dirk s.:mrežnim/ pt (Lüäw zášrw) za“. 9. +: }äc:(Lä 2.? ) fat/ smi? : m. (LËš ZËË)? äwË%ËmíLto11. (Lílíü 2.1112) iiäuozoicwo12. Wei:(Läëk 2.47550 ärásíwm
  154. 154. II.Oš@ 657:@ VJËŽJËËIËËËËËŠTÄHËËVMľšbí?Ëšäíä“ Tľfäí?äwíä' Ëbií'EËUŠT Wžnšä' Ëwí?Ëäööíä" žááäľíí“ 1. šæözíëmíaäc:ima, 2. &ćibxöüž 'Unit, 3. širk/ srba íäž i L;5o4. äššíaí;<6š7b=5tcv›7b›%„ žig5. *L›5-Ëv®o<V) 'C<7*: "ëlno6. iäwľäëmž rwžfáao7. -BER žäf* i LËVľËn &'06 i 1,710 8. áaæiäfžvwíüè 'onih9. ? Aíæš/ „róä 3 oh`<"ëux “C<fc"ëb>oLesson 15
  155. 155. Lesson 16: L: y | ~ 1 fæiæää LËËŽËE 037%?- 2 - ( Kanji for Adjectives - 2 -)There are two types of adjectives in Japanese.One type ends with -Lš (c. f. L8) and another type ends with -Žš when they modify nouns.The '72 ending adjectives can be divided into five groups as follows. 1. Hiragana + CC šhbWľr b:39979*: 2. Katakana + 73: ? VW-HI / V/*ľhíc 'Jvfír (smart) (handsome) (rich)3. one Kanji+Hiragana+7í šifri;á-Ëšzäc HËBVWZC LT" T i)? 4. two Kanji + 7:6 íj/ ŽË ËËŽ;ŽËËJË : m a« mamu L/ „tro {ËËUË ÄVËË 'JÄËË «v» V) . s «w 00:5 i? ? T? ?? K937i Dxö 'ef' ' f;fąvüo5. prefix + two Kanji + icZËIÄËË: . èx L/ »ËO á» 00;: )The Hiragana endings change as follows. Present affirmative Ž ËŠVPL“ ŽËËJË quiet kind Present negative Ž ËŠËVĆĆËË) V) íË/ v ŽËËJTČÄË) UËËÄ (I) v) (I:v) Past affirmative 3 ä? ?? L7: ? EĐJT f:Past negative Ž ËŠŽPTËËŽ) U íË/ x, ŽËWËKËZË U íË/ u(te) (L7.- (te) ew;
  156. 156. Lesson 16Adjective + Noun Š ËWËËKË i ŠËËJËŠËË_ a quiet room a kind teacher äíwöziäcľnäläíš íiüľčtièlæäćë Ë7Š`7Šo ŽIËŠBË75o ŽZËËËäiľ`fiiľf7b`ö ËSËKË ŠËËJTŠIËVËO ? ËËËËAdjective + Verb Š ËVPEËËT ; Ëiľiížížč to speak quietly to teach kindlyAdjective + Adjectiveľ ËŽPËEËËMX ŠËUJËVË Lk* quiet and light kind and gentle&iz You can make -ZËC adjectives by adding -ëí to the English adjectives as follows. / V/*fix (handsome) 726 7x7- l* (smart) 72'J v? " (rich) 72 ? Ëväíš (deluxe) ĆE[TL/ u L Kb 5] Guess the meaning of the following adjectives. E; ~%47w& If ~y 773.' wš7»ü aw? -&
  157. 157. Lesson 16ääüæäwäca/ „iæä2-1. ; äíæšžf (Kanji Writings)origin,source base if 7IIIIIIIIIIIII IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIITížľiüľk ' š) 72 healthy,fine TSH (bik ' li? ) New Year`s Dayspirit,mind air,atmosphere“ š ' ÄŠ/ v) a mood,a state of mind " U*:5 ° Š) sicknesshave,possess existËUË) 5 to exist,to have ËË:U995 ' bi") 72 famous 757301995 ' V) . t <)72 powerful ËWËTL:' @WTč to possess
  158. 158. name,famous members ËËËUË;° ii) a name &ËIËV;° Z' - P) Nagoy ËFÄWDW - L J: ) famous places 2191075“ - 53.9) special p ucts iz"?, ° `Lfc- LM* (16) i“ i š' f”ŠËGËŠ? ) a parent ŠCŠUËË ° 35'? ) father ŽËXLL) LV* intimate,friendly ? FERI/ k ° Ë? ) 72 kindcut,end moderatekinship č'175ËWŠ) Z) to cut iíí$(š o - f) a postage stamp {ËJËWŠ o ' 53) a ticket 739.103:* ' @OT/ fc importantcurrent,traffic convenienceiËUąľW) " ' convenient fiíëiš(čô ' ` - "AJ air mail " ' " atoilet
  159. 159. profit proficient ËËWUVČU ' Š)Š left-handed ËŽUUËV) ' V))72 advantageous *HM - L) interest ama;- ; ahm to „se onve ' nto lacZVËËŠ* ' '"/ ») 'Ž ŽľIC ZËËGË» ' 5 A) š' unlucky ZQËUSs-'ËOTč t Zšíiiälhäa- LA. "Ë"J)72 unkindyoung ("J í' 7)+- 'H' H H' IIIHË%ËI E (79972) li* young š (hir) ë youthfulness ËËHMJ“ - i) (D) a young man7*?179/ x æ z (6)IËËËËËIIIIIIIIIII? Hi-WW early $014?) < early,soon ŠËËUË") ' Ë» . t ")) early morning
  160. 160. Lesson 16MU», rt busy v= %7)›*-Lv=(6)'EO/ Vff) LV* busy ŽTËUÄ - 637))?very busy 2 -- 2 .ËËJMľL/ p L t@ 5 (Reading Exercises)I .Write the reading of the following Kanji in Hiragana. 1. ä 2. g? : 3. : Ev 4. äw 5. 'ItLw 6.iä&%æ% 7.ä@&%ë s. ää&3% 9. 'ËËUËË 10. ? TWËŽIËËll .Write the reading of the following Kanji in Hiragana.1. CVJËWËËËlËWTËWTO2. æšäaifääfëtížwæní L7:üi` / iiäci/ Jtícíufiüfľ/ HNTËZ; šlëšäaiiíílzäcèft;5o 3. $š`ítl= tiiaëfai`žb>ü= ä„ 'ItLwTTo.4. ääëæííiüä-#UDIËAËŠ i Lto ľäælkličfčbšäüf`t7`co
  161. 161. Lesson 165. Cæšľkliäľ/ “ÄLCÄŽËŠË l) &"51 This song is popular among young people. 6- $135( iz?š 'C ËŠHPËC š;CËNFFŠ i Lüo I got up early in the morning and went to the quiet place. 7. CWŠYUNËW$HŠËWËËQJË ŠWTËK These pretty stamps are pre- cious things for my younger brother. 8. ŽLWŽCiTÄK/ *Tiüi jížáWąiäl/ Wfrèx ËLÄVËTËZ»9.uææäaasu`ahs«isrT„'2 - 3 .Ëšh/ u L kb 5 (Writing Exercises)I .Fill in the blanks with an appropriate Kanji. 1. healthy 2. famous 3. kind 4. unkind 72 ? ic CD će HI:i:lil/ u ž ? D5 BMI LA,-ËO «Su LA,iz") 5. convenient 6. inconvenient 7. young 8. busy DŽ] ? fr [I] i:U W U* NA o . s NA,zbir tvžrö* 9. early 10. sickness 11. Nagoya 12. one's name(M5 žDr ED „LLJ LL) *li* 1 72: l' 5? &ši
  162. 162. Lesson 16ll.Fill in the blanks with an appropriate Kanji. 1. uneasy 2. advantageous &disadvantageous 4. to lack of D3 ic CD ? ic DCl ? är D3 t“ è . a nič/ u @ô V) . Su V) s» %< 5. intimate 6. aparent 7. a feeling 8. powerful l W D D3 “6 Dj t:L? : 10"?ž š» MD") l) x < 9. a postage stamp 10. a ticket 11. important 12. to cut A- CC D ? i CD i:D Ëo 'C že . S3 ? ch EO ž 13. air mail 14. sea mail 15. mail 16. quick delivery _x_ ri. .. fl/ 'LËD ta@ a@ . ..eg Z5 <5 UV» 5x7.:U7» 595 U7» to žar) IFA.17. a young woman 18. early morning 19. early time : l v* D <0 L LD I w CD bi» ? S/LZ;Ut ?5 'E325 li?li #A20. famous products33&on . što
Fly UP