Wie kaszubska Borzestowoby Bronisaw Socha-Borzestowski

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Wie kaszubska Borzestowo by Bronisaw Socha-BorzestowskiReview by: Gerald StoneThe Slavonic and East European Review, Vol. 65, No. 4 (Oct., 1987), pp. 644-645Published by: the Modern Humanities Research Association and University College London, School ofSlavonic and East European StudiesStable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/4209655 .Accessed: 15/06/2014 18:28Your use of the JSTOR archive indicates your acceptance of the Terms & Conditions of Use, available at .http://www.jstor.org/page/info/about/policies/terms.jsp .JSTOR is a not-for-profit service that helps scholars, researchers, and students discover, use, and build upon a wide range ofcontent in a trusted digital archive. We use information technology and tools to increase productivity and facilitate new formsof scholarship. For more information about JSTOR, please contact support@jstor.org. .Modern Humanities Research Association and University College London, School of Slavonic and EastEuropean Studies are collaborating with JSTOR to digitize, preserve and extend access to The Slavonic andEast European Review.http://www.jstor.org This content downloaded from 185.2.32.134 on Sun, 15 Jun 2014 18:28:34 PMAll use subject to JSTOR Terms and Conditionshttp://www.jstor.org/action/showPublisher?publisherCode=mhrahttp://www.jstor.org/action/showPublisher?publisherCode=uclhttp://www.jstor.org/action/showPublisher?publisherCode=uclhttp://www.jstor.org/stable/4209655?origin=JSTOR-pdfhttp://www.jstor.org/page/info/about/policies/terms.jsphttp://www.jstor.org/page/info/about/policies/terms.jsp644 THE SLAVONIC REVIEW Hungary, is left, in one respect, with a sense of disappointment; for there is no hint as to the eventual fate of the dispersing soldiers and officers. Were these to form the backbone of the shortlived Democratic Clubs in Hungary after the spring of i868? Were the Legion's officers to pass on to Gedeon Ra'day skills acquired whilst fighting Italian brigandage, when R'aday cleansed Southern Hungary of similar malcontents (some of whom may themselves, after all, have been former Garibaldisti) between i868-73? Clearly, we must hope that Lukacs intends in a subsequent monograph to answer these and similar questions, as Lovett did for Italy in The Democratic Movement in Italy. It would be a pity if this interesting monograph were to remain in a historical vacuum. Department of Modern History F. T. ZSUPPAN University of St Andrews Socha-Borzestowski, Bronislaw. Wies kaszubska Borzestowo. Panda Press, London, I986. 28 pp. THE author of this booklet, who now lives in London, comes from a line of Cassubian szlachta which has lived in the village of Borzestowo since time immemorial. The village is about I 7 km by road south-west of Kartuzy and 47 km from Gdanisk. It stands picturesquely above the lake known as Jezioro Dlugie and includes a huge prehistorical mound called Garecznica containing the remains of an early medieval fort. According to folk-tradition this was the seat of one Garicz, a defender of the pagan religion against Christianity. There is also a legend that it contains a sleeping army, waiting for the historic moment when it will be called into action. The earliest record of the village dates from I347, when a certain 'Pan Pantzlaf in Borczistowo (sic)' was in dispute with the Premonstratensian nunnery at Zukowo over possession of the village of Gorsko. The Borzestowski family appear to make their historical debut in a reference of I402 to 'Woiczech und Mikusz v. B.', who were involved in the case of 'Hans v. B.', accused of a crime of violence. This 'v. B.' may be interpreted as 'von Borschestowo' and thus as the equivalent of'Borzestowski'. At any rate, by the sixteenth century they are very definitely on the scene and playing a prominent role. By 1597 there were five farms in Borzestowo, three belonging to the Borzestowkis and the other two to the Lewinski and Krecki families respectively. Parish records are available from i666. The name Borzestowki was by now so widespread that nicknames evolved to distinguish one branch of the family from another. The first case was the attribution of the nickname Grzebionek, 'coxcomb', to Grzegorz Borzestowski in i6i6. The surname Socha also occurred in Borzestowo and it is thought that the double-barrelled Socha- Borzestowski arose as a result of marriage. By the time of the cadastral survey of I 773 only one of the original five farms was owned by a Borzestowski. The village had expanded since the sixteenth century, but still had a population of only ninety. The last Borzestowski actually to own part of Borzestowo was the author's grandfather Marceli. This content downloaded from 185.2.32.134 on Sun, 15 Jun 2014 18:28:34 PMAll use subject to JSTOR Terms and Conditionshttp://www.jstor.org/page/info/about/policies/terms.jspREVIEWS 645 Though graced with the attributive nobilis and a coat-of-arms the family did not have a soft life. The author's great-grandfatherJan once walked the 47 km through the forest to Gdansk, driving a pair of oxen to sell at the market there. From a variety of published sources and archives Mr Socha-Borzestowski has assembled a useful collection of materials on the early history of his family and the village from which it takes its name. A professional historian might have done things differently, but the materials are intrinsically interesting regardless of treatment. However, one cannot help wondering about the later history of Borzestowo and its condition today. Perhaps Mr Socha- Borzestowski will write a sequel. Hertford College GERALD STONE Oxford Service, Robert. The Russian Revolution I900-I927. Macmillan, London, I986. x + ioi PP. Bibliography. Maps. Index. ?3.95 THIS little book is a gem. It belongs to a Macmillan series designed to make accessible to a wider audience the fruits of new work in major fields of history. Few fields stand in greater need of such treatment than the Russian revolution. The last decade and a half has seen a wealth of specialized research which has overturned many traditional assumptions about 1917. Yet the message of this 'revisionist' work has been painfully slow to permeate through to specialists in other fields, let alone to student essays or conventional wisdom. In part the problem is that much of the best work is narrowly specialized and highly complex. In part, too, the problem is that revisionist work lends itself more to destroying old generalizations than to constructing new ones. It breaks away from the traditional political emphasis and the perspective of the major actors in the drama. It re-examines the upheaval 'from below', from the vantage point of workers, peasants and soldiers; it highlights the interplay between the immediate socio-economic experience of the masses and their increasing radicalization; and it explores the political expression given to this radicaliza- tion through the mass organizations - soviets, committees of factory workers, sailors, soldiers and peasants, and socialist parties - which sprang up and flourished in such bewildering profusion. Once the aspirations of the masses are taken seriously and the dynamics of social polarization exposed, it is no longer possible to uphold the old saga of the tightly-knit Bolshevik conspiracy seizing power behind the backs of a gullible and easily-led mass. But the revolution that emerges is much less manageable, the story much less easy to tell. Politics can no longer be divorced from the social and economic dimension; a peremptory glance at pre-war developments is no longer adequate if the causes of October are to be understood; the significance of I 9 I 7 is bound to be distorted unless the sequel is examined. Robert Service's brief is to bring all this home in a mere 30,000 words. His use of the space at his disposal is masterly. He captures in a phrase the distilled essence of most of the key monographs of recent years, focusing on Anglo-American work, but citing works in Italian, French and German where necessary, and referring to Soviet sources for much of his economic material. He is lucid, crisp and precise (the This content downloaded from 185.2.32.134 on Sun, 15 Jun 2014 18:28:34 PMAll use subject to JSTOR Terms and Conditionshttp://www.jstor.org/page/info/about/policies/terms.jspArticle Contentsp. 644p. 645Issue Table of ContentsThe Slavonic and East European Review, Vol. 65, No. 4 (Oct., 1987), pp. 505-672+i-viiiVolume Information [pp. i-viii]Front MatterLiteratureWarrior Idols or Idle Warriors? On the Cult of Saints Boris and Gleb as Reflected in the Old Russian Military Accounts [pp. 505-516]Between Part I and Part II of "Idiot" [pp. 517-536]HistoryCracow's Wine Trade (Fourteenth to Eighteenth Centuries) [pp. 537-578]British Diplomats and British Diplomacy and the 1905 Pogroms in Russia [pp. 579-608]MarginaliaThe Founding of the Federation of Soviet Writers: The Forgotten Factor in Soviet Literature of the Late Twenties [pp. 609-616]ReviewsReview: untitled [pp. 617-618]Review: untitled [p. 618]Review: untitled [pp. 619-620]Review: untitled [pp. 620-621]Review: untitled [pp. 621-622]Review: untitled [pp. 622-624]Review: untitled [pp. 624-625]Review: untitled [pp. 625-627]Review: untitled [pp. 627-628]Review: untitled [pp. 628-630]Review: untitled [pp. 630-631]Review: untitled [pp. 631-632]Review: untitled [pp. 632-634]Review: untitled [pp. 634-635]Review: untitled [pp. 635-636]Review: untitled [pp. 636-637]Review: untitled [pp. 637-638]Review: untitled [pp. 638-639]Review: untitled [pp. 639-640]Review: untitled [pp. 641-642]Review: untitled [pp. 642-643]Review: untitled [pp. 643-644]Review: untitled [pp. 644-645]Review: untitled [pp. 645-646]Review: untitled [pp. 646-647]Review: untitled [pp. 647-648]Review: untitled [pp. 648-649]Review: untitled [p. 650]Review: untitled [p. 651]Review: untitled [pp. 651-652]Review: untitled [pp. 652-653]Review: untitled [pp. 654-655]Review: untitled [pp. 655-658]Review: untitled [pp. 658-659]Review: untitled [pp. 659-660]Review: untitled [pp. 660-661]Review: untitled [pp. 661-662]Review: untitled [pp. 662-663]Review: untitled [p. 664]Shorter NoticesReview: untitled [p. 665]Review: untitled [pp. 665-666]Review: untitled [p. 666]Review: untitled [pp. 666-667]Review: untitled [p. 667]Review: untitled [p. 668]Conference Papers [pp. 668-669]Publications Received [pp. 670-672]Back Matter