What are we trying to do when we are writing descriptively?
WHAT DO WORDS DO?
A person, place, thing, or idea
NounsThe TheaterMr. KHugeGrass
PronounA pronoun takes the place of a noun or another pronoun.
AdjectiveA word that Describes a noun
VerbA word used to indicate action or a state of being.3 types of verbs:Action VerbsLinking VerbsHelping Verbs
AdverbA word that describes a verb.
What kind of words are most important in descriptive writing?
Lightning fired his fiercest bolt straight at Shreks head. Shrek just gobbled it, belched some smoke, and grinned.
John Henry sang and he hammered and the air danced. The rainbow shimmered and Earth shook and rolled from the blows of the hammer.
He went to the store.Went is booooring! Pick a better verb!
The mean teacher yelled, What do you think your doing?Yelled is a boring verb.
The whole class laughed at me.Try to find the right word, always!
Did they laugh, or:GiggleCrack upSquealRoarThunderChuckle
What is the difference between action, linking, and helping verbs?Action Verbs: Express action; something that a person, animal, thing can do.RunLaughJumpPlayThinkSleep
Linking VerbsDo not show action.Connects the subject of the verb to additional information about the subjectEx. Mr. K is a history buff.
Am, are, is, was, were, be, being, been, become, and seem.
Helping VerbsAlways appear with an action verb in a sentence.Ex. I had hoped to get an A in this class.
May, might, must Do, does, did Should, could, wouldWill, can, shallHave, had, hasAm, are, is, was, were, be, being, been.
InterjectionA word added to a sentence to convey emotion.
Examples:Ouch, that hurt! Oh no, I forgot that the exam was today.Hey! Put that down!
ConjunctionLinks words, phrases, and clauses
Example:I ate the pizza and the pasta.Call the movers when you are ready.
PrepositionA preposition links nouns, pronouns, and phrases to other words in a sentence.Example:The book is on the table. The book is beneath the table. The book is leaning against the table. The book is beside the table. She read the book during class.
Every Sentence Must have a
Subject and a Predicate (Main verb)
SubjectWho or what the sentence is about.Complete Subject: all words that tell who or what the sentence is aboutSimple Subject: Main word in complete subject.
Find the complete subject and the simple subject:The study of space travel has brought us many new inventions.Complete subject: The study of space travelSimple subject: study
PredicateTells about the subject.Complete predicate: all the words that state the action or condition of the subject.Simple predicate: main Verb of the sentence
Find the complete and simple predicate in the following sentence:The study of space travel has brought us many new inventions.Complete predicate: has brought us many new inventions.Simple predicate: has brought.
Direct ObjectTells who or what receives the action of the verb.
Find the direct object in the following sentence:The study of space travel has brought us many new inventions.
Direct Object: Inventions
Indirect objecttells to whom or for whom an action is done.(to have an I.o., sentence must have a d.o.)
Find the Indirect object in the following sentence:The study of space travel has brought us many new inventions.
Indirect Object: Us
ClauseA group of words containing a subject and a predicate
Independent ClauseA clause that expresses a complete thought
Can stand alone as a sentence.Ex. The weather is nice in spring.
Dependent ClauseA clause that does not express a complete thought. (fragment)
Has a subject and verb but relies on other words being addedEx. Before the trial ended.Ex. When I get home.Ex. Because we couldnt find the theater.
Subordinating Conjunctions(signal dependent clauses)AfterAlthoughAsBecauseBeforeIfSinceThoughUnlessUntilWhenWheneverWhereWherever
Compound SentenceA sentence containing at least two independent clausesUsually connected by the conjunctions: and, but, so, or, for, yet
Ex. I like to dance, but Jim likes to sing.
Complex SentenceA sentence containing an independent and a dependent clause.
Ex. When the fire alarm wailed, everyone left the building.
Ex. We went for a walk because the sun came out.
Simple SentencesA sentence containing only one clause
What kind of clause do you think it needs to be?
INDEPENDENT!!!Now youre getting it
What kind of sentence?The book was heavy, but I could lift it easily.Everyone was feeling tired from the long night.Everyone left the building when the drill started.I studied all night because I knew the test would be hard.The class came in and sat down quietly.When the coach called my name, I got off the bench, and I went into the game.I was very nervous, yet I didnt let anyone know.
GerundThe -ing form of a verb when it is functioning as a noun.
Ex. Writing is easy.
Gerund = writing
Prepositional PhraseA phrase consisting of a preposition, its object, and any other modifiersEx. I slept under the bridge.
Prepositional phrase = under the bridge.
HW - List of prepositions.