Vocabulary 2012-13 250 SAT Vocab Words– Get Ready.
Vocabulary 2012-13Vocabulary 2012-13250 SAT Vocab Words Get Ready. ABJURETo prove his honesty, the president abjured the evil policies of his wicked predecessor.(v.) to reject, renounceABROGATEThe Bill of Rights assures that the government cannot abrogate our right to a free press. (v.) to abolish, usually by authorityACERBICJanet became extremely acerbic and began to cruelly make fun of all her friends. (adj.) biting, bitter in tone or tasteACRIMONYThough they vowed that nothing would ever come between them, Bill and Trevor could not keep acrimony from overwhelming their friendship when they both fell in love with the same girl. (n.) bitterness, discordACUMENBecause of his mathematical acumen, Larry was able to figure out in minutes problems that took other students hours. (n.) keen insightADUMBRATEThe coach adumbrated a game plan, but none of the players knew precisely what to do. (v.) to sketch out in a vague wayALACRITYChuck loved to help his mother whenever he could, so when his mother asked him to set the table, he did so with alacrity. (n.) eagerness, speedANATHEMAI never want to see that murderer again; he is an anathema to me. (n.) a cursed, detested personANTIPATHYYou may love me, but because you are a liar and a thief, I feel nothing but antipathy for you. (n.) a strong dislike, repugnanceAPPROBATIONThe crowd welcomed the heroes home from war with approbation and applause. (n.) praiseARROGATEThe king arrogated the right to order executions to himself exclusively. (v.) to take without justificationASCETICThe monk lives an ascetic life devoid of television, sweets, and other pleasures. (adj.) practicing restraint as a means of self-discipline, usually religious.ASPERSIONThe rival politicians repeatedly cast aspersions on each others integrity. (n.) a curse, expression of ill-willASSIDUOUSThe construction workers erected the skyscraper during two years of assiduous labor. (adj.) hard-working, diligentBLANDISHMartins assistant tried to blandish her into accepting the deal by telling him how strong he was. (v.) to coax by using flatteryBOONThe good weather has been a boon for many businesses located near the beach. (n.) a gift or blessingBRUSQUEThe captains brusque manner offended the passengers.(adj.) short, abrupt, dismissiveBUFFETThe strong winds buffeted the ships, threatening to capsize them. (v.) to strike with forceCACOPHONYThe elementary school orchestra created such a cacophony at the recital that parents had to hold their ears. (n.) tremendous noise, disharmonious soundCAJOLEFreds buddies cajoled him into attending the bachelor party. (v.) to urge, coaxCALUMNYThe local officials calumny ended up ruining his opponents prospect of winning the election. (n.) an attempt to spoil someone elses reputation by spreading liesCAPRICIOUSThe young girls capricious tendencies made it difficult for her to focus on achieving her goals. (adj.) subject to whim, fickleCLEMENCYAfter he forgot their anniversary, Martin could only beg Laura for clemency. (n.) mercyCOGENTIrenes arguments in favor of the 2nd amendment were so cogent that I could not resist them. (adj.) intellectually convincingCONCOMITANTHis dislike of hard work carried with it a concomitant lack of funds. (adj.) accompanying in a subordinate fashionCONFLAGRATIONThe conflagration consumed the entire building before the fire department could arrive.(n.) great fireCONTRITEBlakes contrite behavior made it impossible to stay angry at him. (adj.) penitent, eager to be forgivenCONUNDRUMInterpreting Janes behavior was a constant conundrum for her psychologist. (n.) puzzle, problemCREDULITYHis credulity made him an easy target for con men. (n.) readiness to believeCUPIDITYHis cupidity made him enter the abandoned gold mine despite the obvious dangers. (n.) greed, strong desireCURSORYLate for the meeting, she cast a cursory glance at the agenda. (adj.) brief to the point of being superficialDECRYThe kind librarian decried the policy of charging customers exorbitant late fees. (v.) to criticize openlyDEFILEShe defiled the calm of the religious building by playing her banjo. (v.) to make unclean, impureDELETERIOUSShe experienced the deleterious effects of running a marathon without stretching her muscles enough beforehand. (adj.) harmfulDEMUREThough everyone else at the party was dancing and going crazy, she remained demure. (Adj.) modest, quiet, reservedDEPRECATEAlways over-modest, he deprecated his contribution to the local charity. (v.) to belittle, depreciateDERIDEThe bullies derided the foreign students accent. (v.) to laugh at mockingly, scornDESECRATEThey feared the construction of a golf course would desecrate the preserved wilderness. (v.) to violate the sacredness of a thing or placeDIAPHANOUSSunlight poured in through the diaphanous curtains, brightening the room. (adj.) light, airy, transparentDIFFIDENTWhile eating dinner with the adults, the diffident child did not speak for fear of seeming presumptuous. (adj) shy, quiet, modestDISCURSIVEThe professors discursive lectures seemed to be about every subject except the one initially described. (adj.) rambling, lacking orderDISSEMBLENot wanting to appear heartlessly greedy, she dissembled and hid her intention to sell her ailing fathers stamp collection. (v.) to conceal, fakeDITHERNot wanting to offend either friend, he dithered about which of the two birthday parties he should attend. (v.) to be indecisiveEBULLIENTShe became ebullient upon receiving an acceptance letter from her first-choice college.(adj.) extremely lively, enthusiasticEFFRONTERYWhen I told my aunt that she was boring, my mother scolded me for my effrontery. (n.) impudence, nerve, insolenceEFFULGENTThe golden palace was effulgent. (adj.) radiant, splendorousEGREGIOUSThe student who threw sloppy joes across the cafeteria was punished for his egregious behavior. (adj.) extremely badENERVATEWriting these sentences enervates me so much that I will have to take a nap when I finish. (v.) to weaken, exhaustEPHEMERALHe promised her hed love her forever, but his forever was only ephemeral: he left her after one week. (adj.) short-lived, fleeting ESCHEWMargie hates the color green so much that she eschews all green foods. (v.) to shun, avoidEVANESCENTMy joy at getting promoted was evanescent because I discovered that I would have to work much longer hours in a less friendly office. (adj.) fleeting, momentaryEVINCEChristophers hand-wringing and nail-biting evince how nervous he is about the upcoming English test. (v.) to show, revealEXCULPATEMy discovery of the ring behind the dresser exculpated me from the charge of having stolen it. (v.) to free from guilt or blame, exonerateEXECRABLEHer pudding is so execrable that it makes me sick. (adj.) loathsome, detestableEXIGENTThe patient has an exigent need for medication, or else he will lose his sight. (adj.) urgent, criticalEXPIATETo expiate my selfishness, I gave all of my profits to charity. (v.) to make amends for, atone EXPUNGEFearful of an IRS investigation, Paul tried to expunge all incriminating evidence from his tax files. (v.) to obliterate, eradicateEXTANTMy mothers extant love letters to my father are in the attic trunk; the rest were destroyed in the basement flood. (adj.) existing, not destroyed or lost EXTOLViolet extolled the virtues of a vegetarian diet to her meat-loving boyfriend. (v.) to praise, revereFALLACIOUSEmily offered me cigarettes on the fallacious assumption that I smoked. (adj.) incorrect, misleadingFASTIDIOUSMark is so fastidious that he is never able to finish a project because it always seems imperfect to him. (adj.) meticulous, demanding, having high and often unattainable standardsFATUOUSHe considers himself a serious poet, but in truth, he only writes fatuous limericks.(adj.) silly, foolishFECUNDThe fecund tree bore enough apples to last us through the entire season. (adj.) fruitful, fertileFERALThe beast looks so feral that I would fear being alone with it. (adj.) wild, savageFETIDI can tell from the fetid smell in your refrigerator that your milk has spoiled. (adj.) having a foul odorFLORIDThe writers florid prose belongs on a sentimental Hallmark card rather than a newspaper. (adj.) flowery, ornateFRACTIOUSAlthough the child insisted he wasnt tired, his fractious behaviorespecially his decision to crush his cheese and crackers all over the floorconvineced everyone that it was time to put him to bed. (adj.) troublesome or irritableGARRULOUSSome talk show hosts are so garrulous that their guests cant get a word in edgewise. (adj.) talkative, wordyGRANDILOQUENCEThe student thought her grandiloquence would make her sound smart, but neither the class nor the teacher bought it. (n.) lofty, pompous languageGREGARIOUSWell, if youre not gregarious, I dont know why you would want to go to a singles party! (adj.) drawn to the company of others, sociableHACKNEYEDA girl can only hear I love you so many times before it begins to sound hackneyed and meaningless. (adj.) unoriginal, triteHAPLESSMy poor, hapless family never seems to pick a sunny week to go on vacation. (adj.) unluckyHARANGUEEveryone had heard the teachers harangue about gum chewing in class before. (n.) a ranting speechHEGEMONYBritains hegemony over its colonies was threatened once nationalist sentiment began to spread around the world. (n.) the social, cultural, ideological, or economic influence exerted by a dominant groupICONOCLASTJane goes to one protest after another, but she seems to be an iconoclast rather than an activist with a progressive agenda. (n.) one who attacks common beliefs or institutionsIGNOMINIOUSIt was really ignominious to be kicked out of the dorm for having an illegal gas stove in my room. (adj.) humiliating, disgracingIMPASSIVEStop being so impassive; its healthy to cry every now and then. (adj.) stoic, not susceptible to sufferingIMPERIOUSThe imperious nature of the bosses manner with the secretaries and younger workers led me to dislike him at once. (adj.) commanding, domineeringIMPERTINENTMost of your comments are so impertinent that I dont wish to dignify them with an answer. (adj.) rude, insolentIMPERVIOUSBecause of their thick layer of fur, many seals are almost impervious to the cold. (adj.) impenetrable, incapable of being affectedIMPETUOUSHildas hasty slaying of the king was an impetuous, thoughtless action. (adj.) rash; hastily doneIMPINGEI apologize for impinging upon you like this, but I really need to use your bathroom. Now. (v.) to encroach, infringeIMPLACABLEWash out: Once you shun Grandmas cooking, she is totally implacable. (adj.) incapable of being appeased or mitigatedIMPUDENTThe impudent young man looked the princess up and down and told her she was hot even though she hadnt asked him.(adj.) casually rude, insolent, impertinentINCHOATEThe countrys government is still inchoate and, because it has no great traditions, quite unstable. (adj.) unformed or formless, in a beginning stageINCONTROVERTIBLEOnly stubborn Tina would attempt to disprove the incontrovertible laws of physics. (adj.) indisputableINDEFATIGABLEEven after traveling 62 miles, the indefatigable runner kept on moving. (adj.) incapable of defeat, failure, decayINEFFABLEIt is said that the experience of playing with a dolphin is ineffable and can only be understood through direct encounter. (adj.) unspeakable, incapable of being expressed through wordsINEXORABLEAlthough I begged for hours, Mom was inexorable and refused to let me stay out all night after the prom. (adj.) incapable of being persuaded or placatedINGENUOUSHe must have writers, but his speeches seem so ingenuous its hard to believe hes not speaking from his own heart. (adj.) not devious; innocent and candidINIMICALI dont see how I could ever work for a company that was so cold an inimical to me during my interviews. (adj.) hostileINIQUITYYour iniquity, said the priest to the practical jokester, will be forgiven.(n.) wickedness or sinINSIDIOUSLisas insidious chocolate cake tastes so good but makes you feel so sick later on!(adj.) appealing but imperceptibly harmful, seductiveINTRANSIGENTThe intransigent child said he would have 12 scoops of ice cream or he would bang his head against the wall until he fainted. (adj.) refusing to compromise, often on an extreme opinionINURETwenty years in the salt mines inured the man to the discomforts of dirt and grime.(v.) to cause someone or something to be accustomed to a situationINVECTIVEMy mothers irrational invective against the way I dress only made me decide to dye my hair green. (n.) an angry verbal attackINVETERATEIm the first to admit that Im an inveterate coffee drinker I drink four cups a day. (adj.) stubbornly established by habitJUBILANTThe crowd was jubilant when the firefighter carried the woman from the flaming building. (adj.) extremely joyful, happyJUXTAPOSITIONThe interior designer admired my juxtaposition of the yellow couch and green table. (n.) the act of placing two things next to each other for implicit comparisonLACONICThe authors laconic style has won him many followers who dislike wordiness.(adj.) terse in speech or writingLANGUIDIn the summer months, the great heat makes people languid and lazy.(adj.) sluggish from fatigue or weaknessLARGESSMy boss demonstrated great largess by giving me a new car. (n.) the generous giving of lavish giftsLATENTSigmunds dream represented his latent paranoid obsession with other peoples shoes. (adj.) hidden, but capable of being exposedLEGERDEMAINSmuggling the French plant through customs by claiming that they were fake was a remarkable bit of legerdemain.(n.) deception, slight-of-handLICENTIOUSMarilee has always been fascinated by the licentious private lives of politicians.(adj.) displaying a lack of moral or legal restraintsLIMPIDMr. Johnsons limpid writing style greatly pleased readers who dislikedcomplicated novels. (adj.) clear, transparentMAELSTROMLittle did the explorers know that as they turned the next bend of the calm river a vicious maelstrom would catch their boat. (n.) a destructive whirlpool which rapidly sucks in objectsMAGNANIMOUSAlthough I had already broken most of her dishes, Jackie was magnanimous enough to continue letting me use them.(adj.) noble, generousMALEDICTIONWhen I was arrested for speeding, I screamed maledictions against the policeman and the entire police department.(n.) a curseMALEVOLENTThe malevolent old man sat in the part all day, tripping unsuspecting passerby with his cane.(adj.) wanting harm to befall othersMANIFOLDThe popularity of Dantes Inferno is partly due to the fact that the work allows for manifold interpretations. (adj.) diverse, variedMAUDLINAlthough many people enjoy romantic comedies, I usually find them maudlin and shallow. (adj.) weakly sentimentalMAWKISHAlthough some nineteenth-century critics viewed Dickens writing as mawkish, contemporary readers have found great emotional depth in his works. (adj.) characterized by sick sentimentalityMENDACIOUSThe mendacious content of the tabloid magazines is at least entertaining. (adj.) having a lying, false characterMERCURIALThough he was widely respected for his mathematical proofs, the mercurial genius was impossible to live with. (adj.) characterized by rapid change or temperamentalityMODICUMRefusing to display even a modicum of sensitivity, Henrietta announced her bosss affair in front of the entire office. (n.) a small amount of somethingMORASSWhen Theresa lost her job, she could not get out of her financial morass. (n.) a wet swampy bog; figuratively, something that traps and confusesMULTIFARIOUSThis Swiss Army knife has multifarious functions and capabilities. Among other things, it can act as a knife, a saw, a toothpick, and a slingshot.(adj.) having great diversity or varietyMUNIFICENCEThe royal familys munificence made everyone else in their country rich. (n.) generosity in givingMYRIADIt was difficult to decide what to do Friday night because the city presented us with myriad possibilites for fun.(adj.) consisting of a very great numberNADIRMy day was boring, but the nadir came when I accidentally spilled a bowl of spaghetti on my head. (n.) the lowest point of somethingNASCENTUnfortunately, my brilliant paper was only in its nascent form on the morning it was due. (adj.) in the process of being born or coming into existenceNEFARIOUSAlthough Dr. Meanmans nefarious plot to melt the polar icecaps was terrifying, it was so impractical that nobody really worried about it. (adj.) heinously villainousNEOPHYTEAs a neophyte in the literary world, Malik had trouble finding a publisher for his first novel.(n.) someone who is young or inexperiencedOBDURATEThe obdurate old man refused to take pity on the kittens.(adj.) unyielding to persuasion or moral influencesOBFUSCATEThe detective did not want to answer the newspapermans questions, so he obfuscated the truth. (v.) to render incomprehensibleOBLIQUEMartins oblique language confused those who listened to him. (adj.) diverging from a straight line or course, not straightforwardOBSEQUIOUSMark acted like Janets servant, obeying her every request in an obsequious manner. (adj.) excessively compliant or submissiveOBSTREPEROUSBillys obstreperous behavior prompted the librarian to ask him to leave the reading room. (adj.) noisy, unrulyOBTUSEPolitical opponents warned that the prime ministers obtuse approach to foreign policy would embroil the nation in mindless war. (adj.) lacking quickness of sensiblity or intellectODIOUSMark was assigned the odious task of cleaning the cats litter box. (adj.) instilling hatred of intense displeasureOFFICIOUSBrenda resented Allans officious behavior when he selected colors that might best improve her artwork. (adj.) offering ones services when they are neither wanted nor neededOPULENTThe opulent furnishings of the dictators private compound contrasted harshly with the meager accommodations of her subjects. (adj.) characterized by rich abundance verging on ostentationOSTENSIBLEJacks ostensible reason for driving was that airfare was too expensive, but in reality, he was afraid of flying. (adj.) appearing as such, seeminglyPALLIATEThe doctor trusted that the new medication would palliate her patients discomfort. (v.) to reduce the severity ofPALLIDDr. Van Helsing feared that Lucys pallid complexion was due to an unexplained loss of blood.(adj.) lacking colorPANACEADoctors wish there was a single panacea for every disease, but sadly there is not. (n.) a remedy for all ills or difficultiesPARAGONThe mythical Helen of Troy was considered a paragon of female beauty. (n.) a model of excellence or perfectionPARIAHFollowing the discovery of his plagiarism, Professor Hurley was made a pariah in all academic circles.(n.) an outcastPARSIMONYMany relatives believed that my aunts wealth resulted from her parsimony. (n.) frugality, stinginessPATHOSMartha filled with pathos upon discovering the scrawny, shivering kitten at the door. (n.) an emotion of sympathyPAUCITYGilbert lamented the paucity of twentieth-century literature courses available at the college. (adj.) small in quantityPEJORATIVEThe evenings headline news convered an international scandal caused by a pejorative statement the famous senator had made in reference to a foreign leader. (adj.) derogatory, uncomplimentaryPELLUCIDWishing his book to be pellucid to the common man, Albert Camus avoided using complicated grammar when composing The Stranger. (adj.) easily intelligible, clearPENURIOUSStella complained that her husbands penurious ways made it impossible to live the lifestyle she felt she deserved. (adj.) miserly, stingyPERFIDIOUSAfter the offical was caught selling government secrets to enemy agents, he was executed for his perfidious ways. (adj.) disloyal, unfaithfulPERFUNCTORYThe radio broadcaster announced the news of the massacre in a surprisingly perfunctory manner. (adj.) showing little interest or enthusiasmPERNICIOUSThe new government feared that the Communist sympathizers would have a pernicious influence on the nations stability. (adj.) extremely destructive or harmfulPERSPICACITYThe detective was too humble to acknowledge that his perspicacity was the reason for his professional ways. (adj.) shrewdness, perceptivenessPERTINACIOUSHarrys parents were frustrated with his pertinacious insistence that a monster lived in his closet. Then they opened the closet door and were eaten. (adj.) stubbornly persistentPETULANCEThe nanny resigned after she could no longer tolerate the childs petulance. (n.) rudeness, irritabilityPITHYMy fathers long-winded explanation was a stark contrast to his usually pithy statements. (adj.) concisely meaningfulPLATITUDEAfter reading over her paper, Helene concluded that what she thought were profound insights were actually just platitudes. (n.) an uninspired remark, clichePLETHORAThe wedding banquet included a plethora of oysters piled almost three feet high. (n.) an abundance, excessPOLEMICMy brother launched into a polemic against my arguments that capitalism was an unjust economic system. (n.) an aggressive argument against a specific opinionPORTENTWhen a black cat crossed my sisters path while she was walking to school, she took it as a portent that she would do badly on her spelling test. (n.) an omenPRECOCIOUSDerek was so academically prococious that by the time he was 10, he was already in ninth grade. (adj.) advanced, developing ahead of timePRESCIENTQuestioning the fortune cookies prediction, Ray went in search of an old hermit who was rumored to be prescient. (adj.) to have foreknowledge of eventsPRIMEVALThe first primates to walk on two legs, called Australopithecus, were the primeval descendants of modern man. (adj.) original, ancientPROBITYBecause he was never viewed as a man of great probity, no one was surprised by Mr. Samsons immoral behavior. (n.) virtue, integrityPROCLIVITYIn a sick twist of fate, Harolds childhood proclivity for torturing small animals grew into a desire to become a surgeon. (n.) a strong inclination toward somethingPROMULGATEThe film professor promulgated that both in terms of sex appeal and political intrigue, Sean Connerys James Bond was superior to Roger Moores.(v.) to proclaim, make knownPROPENSITYDermit has a propensity for dangerous activities such as bungee jumping. (n.) an inclination, preferencePROPITIOUSThe dark storm clouds visible on the horizon suggested that the weather would not be propitious for sailing. (adj.) favorablePROSAICHeathers prosaic recital of the poem bored the audience. (adj.) plain, lacking livelinessPROSCRIBEThe town council voted to proscribe the sale of alcohol on weekends. (v.) to condemn, outlawPROTEANAmong Nigels protean talents was his ability to touch the tip of his nose with his tongue. (adj.) able to change shape; displaying great varietyPRURIENTDavids mother was shocked by the discovery of prurient reading material hidden beneath her sons mattress. (adj.) eliciting or possessing an extraordinary interest to sex. PUERILEThe judge demanded order after the lawyers puerile attempt to object by stomping his feet on the courtroom floor. (adj.) juvenile, immaturePUGNACIOUSAarons pugnacious nature led him to start several barroom brawls each month. (adj.) quarrelsome, combativePULCHRITUDESeveral of Shakespeares sonnets explore pulchritude of the lovely young man. (n.) physical beautyPUNCTILIOUSPunctilious Bobby, hall monitor extraordinaire, insisted that his peers follow the rules. (adj.) eager to follow rules or conventionsQUAGMIREWed all like to avoid the kind of military quaqmire characterized by the Vietnam War. (n.) a difficult situationQUERULOUSIf deprived of his pacifier, young Brendan becomes querulous. (adj.) whiny, complainingQUIXOTICEdward entertained a quixotic desire to fall in love at first sight in a laundromat. (adj.) idealistic, impracticalRANCORWhen Eileen challenged me to a fight, I coud see the rancor in her eyes. (n.) deep bitterness, resentmentREBUKEWhen the cops showed up at Sams party, they rebuked her for disturbing the peace. (v.) to scold, criticizeRECALCITRANTEven when scolded, the recalcitrant young girl simply stomped her foot and refused to finish her lima beans. (adj.) defiant, unapologeticRECTITUDEThe priests rectitude gave him the moral authority to counsel his parishioners.(n.) uprightness, extreme moralityREPLETEThe unedited version was replete with naughty words. (adj.) full, abudantREPROBATEThe reprobate criminal sat sneering in the cell. (adj.) evil, unprincipledREPROVELara reproved her son for sticking each of his fingers into the strawberry pie. (v.) to scold, rebukeREPUDIATEKelly made a strong case for an extension of her curfew, but his mother repudiated it with a few biting words. (v.) to reject, refuse to acceptRESCINDThe company rescinded its offer of employment after discovering that Janes resume was full of lies. (v.) to take back, repealRESTIVEThe restive audience pelted the band with mud and yelled nasty comments. (adj.) resistant, stubborn, impatientRIBALDWhile some gibbled at the ribald joke involving a parsons daughter, most sighed and rolled their eyes. (adj.) coarsely, crudely humorousRIFESurprisingly, the famous novelists writing was rife with spelling errors. (adj.) abundantRUSEOliver concocted an elaborate ruse for sneaking out of the house to meet his girlfriend while making his mom believe he was asleep in bed. (n.) a trickSACROSANCTIn the United States, the Constitution is often thought of as a sacrosanct document. (adj.) holy, something that should not be criticizedSAGACITYWith remarkable sagacity, the wise old man predicted and thwarted his childrens plan to ship him off to a nursing home. (n.) shrwedness, soundness of perspectiveSALIENTOne of the salient differences between Alison and Nancy is that Alison is a foot taller. (adj.) significant, conspicuousSANCTIMONIOUSThe sanctimonious Bertrand delivered stern lectures on the Ten Commandments, but thought nothing of stealing cars to make some cash on the side. (Adj.) Giving a hypocritical appearance of pietySANGUINEPolly reacted to the bad news with a sanguine smile and the chirpy cry, when life gives you lemons, make lemonade!(adj.) optimistic, cheerySCURRILOUSWhen Bruno heard the scurrilous accusation being made about him, he could not believe it because he always tried to be nice to everyone. (adj.) vulgar, coarseSERENDIPITYIn an amazing bit of serendipity, penniless Paula found a $20 bill in the subway station. (n.) luck, finding good things without looing for them.SERVILEThe servile porter crept around the hotel lobby, bowing and quaking before the guests. (adj.) subservientSOLICITOUSJim, laid up in bed with a nasty virus, enjoyed the solicitous attentions of his mother, who brought him soup and extra blankets. (adj.) concerned, attentiveSOLIPSISTICColettes solipsistic attitude completely ignored the plight of the homeless people on the street. (adj.) believing that oneself is all that existsSOMNOLENTThe somnolent student kept falling asleep and waking with a jerk. (adj.) sleepy, drowsySPURIOUSUsing a spurious argument, John convinced the others that he had won the board game on a technicality. (adj.) false but designed to seem plausible.STAIDThe staid butler never changed his expression no matter what happened. (adj.) sedate, serious, self-restrainedSTOLIDCharless stolid reaction to his wifes funeral differed from the passion he showed at the time of her death. (adj.) expressing little sensibility, unemotionalSTUPEFYVeronicas audacity and ungratefulness stupefied her best friend, Heather. (v.) to astonish, make insensibleSURFEIT After partaking in the surfeit of tacos and tamales at the All-You-Can-Eat Taco Tamale Lunch Special, Beth felt rather sick. (n.) an overabundant supply or indulgenceSURMISEAfter speaking to only one of the students, the teacher was able to surmise what had caused the fight. (v.) to infer with little evidenceSURREPTICIOUSThe surreptitious CIA agents were able to get in and out of the house without anyone noticing. (adj.) stealthySYCOPHANTSome see the people in the cabinet as the presidents closest advisors, but others see them as sycophants. (n.) one who flatters for self-gainTACITI interpreted my parents refusal to talk as a tacit acceptance of my request. (adj.) expressed without wordsTACITURNThough Jane never seems to stop talking, her brother is quite taciturn. (adj.) not inclined to talkTANTAMOUNTWhen it comes to sports, fearing your opponent is tantamount to losing. (adj.) equivalent to in value or significanceTEMERITYTom and Huck entered the scary cave armed with nothing but their own temerity. (n.) audacity, recklessnessTENUOUSYour argument is very tenuous, since it relies so much on speculation and hearsay. (adj.) having little substance or strengthTIMOROUSWhen dealing with the unknown, timorous Tallulah almost always broke into tears. (adj.) timid, fearful