International eorts to combat polioare mounting: the Centre for DiseaseControl (CDC) has established anAfrica-based emergency operations cen-tre which will tackle public health cri-ses, including polio. Meanwhile, thePolio Eradication Initiative made upof WHO, UNICEF, CDC, the Bill andMelinda Gates Foundation and theRotary Foundation has designatedpolio a programmatic public healthemergency until eradication isachieved. (UN humanitarian and news anal-ysis service, IRIN 31 1)
The government can no longerafford free health care for all.
Cote dIvoire is abandoning its freehealth care for all experiment becauseof skyrocketing costs.
In nine months the government hadto pay CFAf 30bn (about US$60m)under dicult circumstances, IvorianHealth Minister Yoman Ndri said.
As of February, free care for deliveriesand free treatment would only be avail-able to mothers and their childrenunder six. Consultation fees woulddrop from CFAf 1,000 to 650 ($2-1.5).
Aid organizations say the governmentsdecision is understandable given thecountrys recent political turmoil, andare pleased that the most vulnerablewill continue to receive care.
Theft, poor management and risingcosts have made the service intro-duced by President Alassane Ouattarasgovernment at the end of civil conictto ease a dire public health situation -unaordable. Health Minister Ndrisaid implementation of the service hadbeen poorly planned, and the PublicHealth Pharmacy had just 30% of itsrequired stock, much of which hadbeen pilfered. (IRIN, UN 26 1)
The global funding crisis threatensthe campaigns success.
Recent Nobel Prize laureate, PresidentEllen Johnson Sirleaf of Liberia whoassumed the chair of the African Lea-ders Malaria Alliance (ALMA) at theend of January inherited a malariacampaign that has made signicantprogress, yet faces real challenges interms of funding.
According to the World Health Organi-zation (WHO), there has been a 33%decrease in malaria deaths in Africaover the last decade. Despite this pro-gress, the current global funding crisis as evidenced by the postponement ofthe Global Fund Round 11 threatensmomentum.
ALMA estimates that there is a gap of$3.3bn in funding needed to achieveand sustain universal coverage of essen-tial malaria interventions includingartemisinin-based combination thera-pies (ACTs), rapid diagnostic tests(RDTs) and long-lasting insecticidalnets (LLINs) to the end of 2015.
The malaria campaign is emerging as astandout success in the eort toimprove the health and welfare ofmothers and children, but we cannotlose focus now, said President Sirleaf.There is a moral and economicimperative to ll the malaria fundinggap.
ALMA members agreed to intensifyeorts to close nancing gaps. SevenALMA member countries Benin, Bur-undi, Cameroon, Kenya, Mozambique,Rwanda, and Tanzania received spe-cial recognition for removing all taxesand taris on malaria-related commod-ities, banning dangerous monotherapytreatments, or making signicant pro-gress on malaria control. (New AfricaAnalysis 20 2)
Cholera, Zimbabwe: Zimbabwe isreporting up to 50 cases of typhoid perday and has treated more than 1,500people in an outbreak blamed on poorwater and sanitation facilities.
The progressive deterioration of pub-lic health infrastructure has seen suchrare diseases like typhoid becomingmore common, the Health MinisterHenry Madzorera said.
Finance Minister Tendai Bitiannounced the country will use $40mfrom IMF support to refurbish waterand sanitation facilities. ( AFP, Harare31 1)
SPORTAfrica Cup of Nations
Outsiders Zambia defeat Cote dIvo-ire on penalties in their rst everwin.
The 28th Africa Cup of Nations, orOrange Africa Cup of Nations as it iscalled for sponsorship reasons, washosted by two countries, Gabon andEquatorial Guinea. The matches wereplayed in stadia across both countries,the tournament kicking o on January21st in the Equato-Guinean capital,Bata, and the nal taking place onFebruary 12th in Gabons capital,Libreville.
Sudan, initially the only East Africannation in the tournament, started quali-fying as one country, but is now two.Players from both Sudan and SouthSudan played and made it through tothe quarter nals of the tournament. It
was a chance for the people to feel abond of unity. Libya and Tunisia bothelded teams despite going through rev-olutions in 2011. Libya was knockedout after the rst round.
Togo did play for a spot in the tourna-ment despite the horric attack theyendured in Angola, 2010. Unfortu-nately they failed to qualify. Egypt alsofailed to qualify despite winning thetournament a record seven times,including in 2010. (France24, goafrica, ca-fonline 13 2)
Africa Cup of Nations 2012
Equatorial Guinea - Nzalang Nacional
Libya - The Greens
Senegal - Teranga Lions
Zambia - Chipolopolo (Copper Bullets)
Cote dIvoire - The Elephants
Sudan - Nile Crocodiles
Burkina Faso - Les Etalons (Stallions)
Angola - Palancas Negras (Black ante-lope)
Gabon - Les Panthe`res (The panthers)
Niger - Menas
Morocco - Atlas Lions
Tunisia - Les Aigles de Carthage (TheCarthage Eagles)
Ghana - The Black Stars
Botswana - Ezimbizi (The Zebras)
Mali - Les Aigles (Eagles)
Guinea - Syli national (National Ele-phants)
Quarter Finals Results
02 04 12: Zambia (3) v Sudan (0), Bata02 04 12: Cote dIvoire (3) v EquatorialGuinea (0), Malabo
02 05 12: Gabon (1) v Mali (1), (Maliwin 5-4 on penalties), Libreville
02 05 12: Ghana (2) v Tunisia (1),Franceville
Semi Finals Results
02 08 12: Zambia (1) v Ghana (0), Bata02 08 12: Mali (0) v Cote dIvoire (1),Libreville
02 12 2012: Zambia (8) v Cote dIvoire(7) - penalty shootout, Libreville
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Zambias French coach Herve Renardand a squad containing only one playerwho lines up for a rst division club inEurope, vowed to win as a tribute tothose who died in 1993, when the planecarrying the national team crashed othe Libreville coast.
Zambia conjured up a shock when theytoppled star-studded Cote dIvoire 8-7in a penalty shoot-out to claim theirrst ever Africa Cup of Nations title.
With the sides goalless after extra timeZambias Stoppila Sunzu converted themagic spot kick after Arsenal strikerGervinho missed for the Elephants.
The result meant misery for hot favour-ites Cote dIvoire who failed to claimthe title despite not conceding a goalthroughout the entire competition untilthe shootout.
It also revived unhappy memories forDidier Drogba and company of their
2006 penalty shoot out nal defeat toEgypt in Cairo.
Zambia went into the 2012 climax asoutsiders. But they covered themselveswith glory, hassling and harrowingtheir way to the penalty lottery, andthen holding their nerve to prevail inthe dramatic, barely watchable denoue-ment.
A minute of silence was observedbefore kick-o in memory of the 74people killed in the Port Said stadiumslaughter in Egypt (see p. 19166) (AFP, Libreville 12 2).
Joint Hosting the Future?
The Confederation of African Football(CAF) says that co-hosting might bethe only way for more countries to hostfuture African Nations Cup nals.
Issa Hayatou, the organisations presi-dent, declared the 2012 nals in Equa-
torial Guinea and Gabon anunqualied success and encouragedcountries to put together co-bids forthe future.
It is the second time that the NationsCup has been co-hosted by two dier-ent countries, after Ghana and Nigeriastepped into the breach in 2000 whenZimbabwe pulled out.
While the levels of organisational e-ciency diered between Equatorial Gui-nea and Gabon, both oil-rich countriesspent liberally on the event, with a billin excess of some US$20m each for theorganisation of the event alone, exclud-ing the stadiums built for the nals.
The two governments co-operated inseveral elds, notably in allowing easyaccess by issuing a joint visa to visitorsfor the duration of the three-week tour-nament.
Hayatou has long held the belief thattaking the nals to less developedcountries helps force the building ofsporting infrastructure, notably newstadiums.
But CAF did not have any co-biddersin its last contest. South Africa hoststhe next games in 2013, Morocco twoyears after that and Libya in 2017.CAF has changed its agship tourna-ment from even to odd years. (africa-focus.org 12 2)
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