REVIEW ON POWER LINE MONITORING USING SMART existing system used AT89C52 microcontroller for monitoring power line ... Power theft identification using ... Monitoring and wireless control of power ...
International Journal of Recent Innovation in Engineering and Research Scientific Journal Impact Factor - 3.605 by SJIF e- ISSN: 2456 2084 @IJRIER-All rights Reserved -2017 Page 25 REVIEW ON POWER LINE MONITORING USING SMART GRID TECHNOLOGY Mr.Sachin Vitthal Ingle1,Prof. D. L. Gadhe2, Miss.Ayushi Metkar3 and Pravin shinde4 1M.E. (Embedded system), Department of Electronics and Telecommunication Engineering, MIT, Aurangabad, Maharashtra, India 2Assistant Professor, Department of Electronics and Telecommunication Engineering, MIT, Aurangabad, Maharashtra, India 3,4STC, SPRT KHAMGAON , MAHARASHTRA INDIA Abstract-This paper gives idea about wireless sensor network and its use in the Smart Grid technology. The aim of smart grid is to offer a real-time monitoring, controlling, improving the power quality and overall efficiency of the entire system also extend the life of component used in system. Smart grid is nothing but the mixing of electrical network and communication infrastructure. Smart grid system is used to measure the value of potential difference between two point of power line, current flowing through power line, and temperature of a power line in distribution and transmission side. A Smart grid is a smart digital energy system providing electrical network that transporting the required amount of power. The digital technology that allows for bidirectional data transfer between the utility and its customers, and the sensing along the transmission lines is what makes the grid smart. This paper discusses some of the new wireless communications technology and advance development in the areas of smart grid with identification of online theft that prevails on distribution line. It presents the details on the designing architecture, sensors, integration, communication technology and different design aspects of the power supervision, wide operating range and consistency. This system is a powerful for evaluating a different power line parameters and minimizing a power loss are taking using PIC controller, smart sensor and recent developed in various communication technology. Keywords- smart grid, WSN ,PIC controller,Zig-bee. I. INTRODUCTION The rapidly growing electricity demand day by day, together with the difficult, energetic and circulated electricity supplies, have caused serious power grid blockage issues in the future smart grid. Grid consists of the complete electrical network or a local electrical network or a sub network such as a local utility's transmission grid or distribution grid. To overcome all the problems a new idea of next generation electric power system, a smart grid, has emerged. The smart grid is a modern mixing or integration of electric power-grid infrastructure and modern communication technologies which for improved efficiency, reliability, and safety with smooth integration of renewable and different energy sources, through automated control. Traditional smart grid has few user options, manually recovery, uses a small number of sensor, manually monitoring, analog electric machinery are uses for measurement power line parameters, simplex communication, and main disadvantages of traditional grid is a more electricity loss and cannot identified power theft .Hence, there is an urgent requirement of a cost-effective wireless monitoring and diagnostic systems that improve system reliability and efficiency. So by using smart grid you can easily overcome all problems. Table 1: Comparison of traditional and smart grid Sr.No. Parameter Traditional Grid Smart Grid 1 Machinery used Analog digital 2 Communication Types Simplex Duplex 3 Monitoring Manually Automatic 4 Sensors used Less number More (smart sensor) Volume: 02 Issue: 02 February 2017 (IJRIER) Available Online at : www.ijrier.com Page 26 5 Power loss Maximum Minimum 6 User option Few users More user 7 Theft detection Not Possible Possible The proposed system used a Zig-bee communication module for sending measured data of current and voltage to server module and stores it in computer for future use. Bluetooth is used for controlling electric home appliances. Bluetooth has low coverage area up to 10m. Bluetooth is superior option for short distance controlling than Zig-bee. However, for long distance controlling is not easy to achieve via Bluetooth. Wireless sensor networks (WSNs) are becoming a universal technology resulting from the development of low cost and low power wireless technology. A GSM modem is a wireless modem that works with a GSM wireless network. A wireless modem behaves like a dial-up modem. The main difference between them is that a dial-up modem sends and receives data through a fixed telephone line while a wireless modem sends and receives data through radio waves. WSNs are a group of spatially distributed sensing nodes with low maintenance requirements, which can automatically monitor environmental parameters and cooperatively transfer the data through a gateway to a main database using wireless networking. The existing system used AT89C52 microcontroller for monitoring power line parameters and power theft. II. REVIEW ON EXISTING SYSTEM As from the study existing system are implemented by using different communication techniques and based upon numerous platforms too. Table 2: Summery of existing Smart grid technology Reference no. Paper Title Communication Technology Processor used/System Sensor Outcomes  Monitoring of transmission line parameters using wireless networks in smart grid Cellular network, Optical Fiber, Wireless. Data preprocessor wireless sensor The analysis show that a transmission line monitoring framework using WSN is indeed feasible using accessible technologies & system is more reliable, secure.  A Novel Wireless Multifunctional Electronic Current Transformer based on ZigBee-based Communication Zig-bee Technology Sensing signal processing system Hall Sensor The proposed method of Zig-Bee-based communication, when the measured current is detected as being in the small or medium current range, the RMS value per current cycle is transmitted to a back-end Monitoring system to accomplish real-time monitoring. Volume: 02 Issue: 02 February 2017 (IJRIER) Available Online at : www.ijrier.com Page 27  Wireless Smart Grid Design for Monitoring and Optimizing Electric Transmission in India NIL Smart Controlling Station, Wireless sensors. proposed system provides the solution for some of the main problems faced by the existing Indian grid system, such as wastage of energy, power theft, manual billing system, and transmission line fault  Real time monitoring of power line using smart sensor Zig-bee Technology PIC Stick on sensor Monitor the various grid parameters.  Power theft identification using smart grid technology Infra-red & Photo detector Technology AT89C51 opt coupler slot sensor determine illegal power theft via distribution line  Power grid monitoring & control using GSM GSM Technology Arduino Voltage, current, temperature sensor continuously monitor the load conditions of the Smart grid  Monitoring network for smart grid using smart phone Bluetooth & UART serial communication protocol, Internet PIC10F4520 temperature sensors Secure access gateway (SAG) for home area network  Wireless embedded system for power line monitoring Zig bee PIC18F4550 LA 55-P (Current Transducer) wireless embedded system to monitor the RMS current on an electric power line  Power line monitoring using smart grid based on communication protocol & smear sensor Zig Bee S1/S2 Series module PIC18F4520 Smart sensor for current & voltage the predetermination of certain increase of current, voltage, gas or temperature the damage in the grid will be avoided  Monitoring and Wireless Controlling of Power Generation by LabView Coaxial cable, UTA Cable. ATmega328 Temperature sensor for power generation type VDO Monitoring and wireless control of power generation can improve interoperability efficiency and safety (by enabling the right the worker to be at the right place at the right time) Volume: 02 Issue: 02 February 2017 (IJRIER) Available Online at : www.ijrier.com Page 28  Design And Implementation Of Electrical Distribution Line Monitoring And Controlling Using Wireless Network GSM,RF Module Atmega16 microcontroller Sensor, Relay Developing system for control and monitor the line position at any area using the concept of electrical distribution line. So the proposed system is designed to have emergency alert system for remote user with the help of a GSM modem will be connected to the central server which will send the emergency alert SMS to administrator and user  Review Paper on Electrical Distribution Line Monitoring RF,GSM, IOT NIL IOT a novel approach for controlling and monitoring the electrical distribution line by using IOT The above research literature studied so far shows that effectiveness use of wireless sensor network in smart grid technology for real time monitoring of power line parameters. However, the research paper has proposed various schemes to wireless communication system using WSN except IOT also Detection and location of faults on power transmission line is essential to the protection and maintenance of a power system. At present system there is no monitoring system implemented in order to find out the power line Parameters & theft identification by using a PIC microcontroller. To overcome these problems in regional areas proposed system is designed to monitor and control the electric transmission line using WSN with PIC microcontroller. III. PROPOSED SYSTEM The electricity theft is increasing a day by day in ruler and urban area for agriculture, domestic and industrial use. So power industries suffering a huge economical loss, consistency and security. In India during the transmission and distribution of electricity extremely high losses occurred in between 35 to 47%. A smart grid includes a smart real time monitoring system using Zig bee communication protocol & PIC microcontroller that keeps track of all electricity flowing through power line. Fig. 1. Overall system Volume: 02 Issue: 02 February 2017 (IJRIER) Available Online at : www.ijrier.com Page 29 . Fig. 2. System setup at pole Unit Fig. 3. System Setup at Consumer Site IV. WORKING PRINCIPLE Proposed system designed considering two conditions as follows: Condition I- When real load is more than sanctioned load distribution system recognize that power is theft or overload exists. Condition II- When used load is not as much of sanctioned load and at that time if power is theft then it is not easy to distribution system to identified power theft. Hence here system is implemented which find out power theft in sanctioned equal load and overload condition. WORKING PRINCIPLE CONDITION 1: When there is no theft, Energy consumed at home side should be equal to energy supply from the pole end. Since both the energies value is equal there no theft is recognized and the buzzer dose not beeps. Under this condition the normal operation can be observed and it continues until there is theft at resident or line. CONDITION 2: When there is consumption at resident and theft is online, that is the power is being theft from the transmission line, the buzzer beeps indicating theft. In this condition power sent gradually increases as the theft power increases. After receiving the consumed unit at the home the pole side controller starts its working out. As the send units are more than the units consumed the difference between the two units is the theft power. After noticing the difference the relay is actuated which turns on the buzzer. Hence theft can identify. CONDITION 3: When there is no use of energies at the home side and theft is online at that time the home side consumption notify will be zero units, but send unit will be positive because of the online theft this difference will start the relay and buzzer to indicate theft. Besides the above three mentioned reasons, if there is a theft at the resident by tampering the meters and employing techniques which Volume: 02 Issue: 02 February 2017 (IJRIER) Available Online at : www.ijrier.com Page 30 counts less readings, such prohibited activities can also detected easily. At present 10 or there about connections are provided from a single distribution pole and every distribution pole has a typical code provided by Distribution Company. For implementation of smart grid technology every residential digital meter should be provided with code as an address. A small micro computer is to be installed at every distribution pole. The micro computer keeps the track of the send and consumed units of each and every house. As here using MAX232 for communication, PIC is able to record and compute the consumptions of many meters at a time. Hence it is succeeds in keeping the track of units sent to and consumed by every house. If the number of connections increased from a pole then replace MAX232 by MAX245 for greater speed and accuracy. Whenever theft is identified relay is actuated. Here used GSM model for communication purpose. Through GSM technology the distribution code is sent to substation. The operator can immediately attend the pole and through the micro-computer one can get meter code from where the power has been theft. Doing so the theft can immediately stopped and person responsible for theft can be caught for guilty. V. CONCLUSIONS AND FUTURE SCOPE The proposed system can determine against the law power theft via distribution line. In financial year 20014-15 about 45000 corer losses occur due to power theft. Results proved that if smart grid system is used illegal power theft might be detected. Once this proposed detection systems are tried in real power lines, the supply losses in India can be reduced effectively. In future work, the cost of real time monitoring system for power transmission line needs to be minimized and the consistency of our system also needs to be improved by using IOT concept. REFERENCES  K.Venkatasubramani, R.Karthikeyan Monitoring of transmission line parameters uses wireless networks in smart grid, 2014 IEEE, International Conference on Intelligent Computing Applications, pp.330-334, 2014.  Kun-Long Chen, Member, IEEE, Yan-Ru Chen, Yuan-Pin Tsai, Nanming Chen, A Novel Wireless Multifunctional Electronic Current Transformer based on ZigBee-based Communication, IEEE,International Conference on Intelligent Computing Applications 2015 IEEE,pp.1-9,2015  Aryadevi Remanidevi Devidas, Maneesha Vinodini Ramesh, Wireless Smart Grid Design for Monitoring and Optimizing Electric Transmission in India , in IEEE 2010 Fourth International Conference on Sensor Technologies and Applications,pp.637-640,.  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