Quiz Art History I Chapter 4 Early Asian Art P.Meeder, MALS Art: A Brief History 35 points 9/21/14 Please use a separate piece of paper for your answers !!1. Which characterizes the Indian sense of beauty? a. overall simplicity c. profusion of ornament b. geometric order d. standardized proportions 2. What are the religiously sanctioned hereditary social classes in India called? a. samsara b. mudras c. castes d. vedas !3. Which of the following is the relentless Brahmin cycle of birth, life, death, and rebirth? a. samsara b. castes c. nirvana d. vedas !4. Which of the following is the goal of religious life, i.e., to end reincarnation by uniting ___ with eternal Brahman? a. samsara b. nirvana c. chakra d. torana 5. Siddhartha Gautama is the historical name of the ___. a. Buddha. b. Mahavira. c. Brahman. d. Shiva. !6. Which of the following teachings are NOT Buddhist? a. samsara b. nirvana c. caste system d. life is suffering !7. You can tell a bodhisattva from a Buddha because a bodhisattva has ____. a. simple monks robes b. long hair c. lavish clothes and jewelry d. b and c !8. In early Buddhist art, Buddha himself is shown ___. a. in a Roman style toga. c. seated on a lotus throne. b. only symbolically. d. as an ordinary teacher. !9. Which of the following is a bell-shaped monument or mound in Buddhist architecture that contains sacred relics, usually of Buddha? a. mandala b. stupa c. yakshi d. torana !10. The relic at the Great Stupa, Sanchi, is ___. a. a wheel of life c. a piece of a bodhi tree b. part of the cremated body of Buddha d. a lion skull !11. A stupa has a mast that connects the cosmic waters below the earth with the celestial realm above known as the ___. a. axis mundi. b. torana. c. yakshi. d. pagoda. !12. Female spirits associated with beauty and fertility are known as ___. a. mudras b. yakshis. c. bodhisattvas. d. toranas. !13. The first and oldest images of Buddha in human form come from ___. a. Sarnath and Sanchi b. Harappa c. Elephanta d. Gandhara and Mathura !14. Which of the following artistic traditions had a strong influence on the Standing Buddha as well as other Gandharan sculpture? a. Roman b. Chinese c. Egyptian d. Persian !!
15. What is the symbolic Buddhist hand gesture meaning have no fear? a. urna b. mudra c. laksnana d. chakra !16. In Buddhism, what symbolizes spiritual purity, the wholeness of creation, and cosmic harmony? a. a mandala b. a wheel with spokes c. a lotus flower d. elongated earlobes !17. Which of the following is NOT a Hindu deity? a. Buddha b. Devi c. Shiva d. Vishnu !18. Who first unified China and became its first emperor? a. Emperor Wu b. Lao Tzu c. Confucius d. Qin Shihuangdi !19. What were two important characteristics that made Qin Shihuangdis government successful? a. slavery and military might b. a bureaucracy based on competence and a code of law c. a unified belief system and rice for the poor d. a public building program and 100% employment !20. Qin Shihuangdis ceramic soldiers were mass-produced by using ___. a. standardized molds b. cylinders for legs, arms, torso c. body casts d. stamps !21. An influential religion to enter China along the Silk Route during the Han Dynasty was ___. a. Islam b. Christianity c. Daoism d. Buddhism !22. In the Tang dynasty, ceramic figurines were produced by the thousand for use in ___. a. Buddhist monasteries b. tombs c. courts d. trade !23. In Chinese ____, the image of every character is a miniature work of art. a. cuneiform b. hieroglyphs c. calligraphy d. pictographs !24. Which of the following is the first important surviving example of Chinese woodframe architecture? a. Nanchan Temple c. Horyu-ji b. Borobudur d. Qin Shihuangdis mausoleum !25. Which of the following is an East Asian reliquary tower built with successively smaller, repeated stories? a. mausoleum b. mastaba c. pagoda d. torana !26. Chinese writing characters evolved from ___. a. cuneiform characters b. hieroglyphs c. pictographs. d. hieratic characters !27. Which course did Buddhism follow? a. India to China to Korea to Japan c. Japan to China to Korea to India b. India to Japan to Korea to China d. China to Japan, Korea, and India !28. Where does the worlds oldest surviving fired pottery come from? a. Japan b. Korea c. China d. India !29. What is the literal meaning of Kofun? a. cord pattern b. old tomb c. right balance d. spirit harmony !30. What are the small ceramic sculptures called that are found on the earth mounds over Japanese tombs? a. taotie b. haniwa c. chakra d. kami !31. What are the nature deities in the Shinto religion called? a. yaksha b. haniwa c. taotie d. kami !
32. What are the three sacred symbols of Shinto? a. a sword, a mirror, and a jewel c. a lotus flower, a mirror, a mudra b. a sword, a lotus flower, a jewel d. a tiger, a jewel, a paintbrush 33. Which is the oldest surviving documented wooden structure in the world? a. Inner Shrine, Ise, Japan c. Nanchan Temple, China b. Horyu-ji, Japan d. Great Stupa, Sanchi, India !34. What is the term for those who delay buddhahood in order to serve others? a. bodhisattva b. prana c. yakshi d. shiva !35. Buddhas topknot or bun, denoting great wisdom, is called a(n) ___. a. mandorla b. veda c. ushnisha d. mithuna