Plagiarism and Citing Sources

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Plagiarism and Citing Sources. How We Do What We Do. UF Honor Code. . "On my honor, I have neither given nor received unauthorized aid in doing this assignment.". PlagiarismPlagiarism.org . - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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<p>Plagiarism and Citing Sources</p> <p>Plagiarism and Citing SourcesHow We Do What We DoUF Honor Code. "On my honor, I have neither given nor received unauthorized aid in doing this assignment."PlagiarismPlagiarism.org A study by The Center for Academic Integrity found that almost 80% of college students admit to cheating at least once. According to a survey by the Psychological Record 36% of undergraduates have admitted to plagiarizing written material.What is Plagiarism?1. Handing in someone elses worka downloaded paper from the Internet or one borrowed from a friendand claiming that its your own.2. Using information or ideas that are not common knowledge from any source or failing to acknowledge that source.What is Plagiarism?3. Handing in the same paper for two different classes.4. Using the exact language or expressions of a source and not indicating through quotation marks and citation that the language is borrowed.What is Plagiarism?5. Rewriting a passage from a source by minor substitutions of different words but retaining the same syntax and structure of the original. The Common Knowledge ExceptionWhile you always have to tell readers what information you have borrowed and where it came from, things that are common knowledge are excluded from this. Everyone knows, for example, that John Kennedy dies in Dallas in 1963. This and other widely known facts need not be cited.Avoiding PlagiarismIts fine to borrow distinctive terms or phrases from a source, but also signal that youve done so with quotation marks.Always cite borrowed material.Avoiding PlagiarismMake a habit of using attribution tags, signaling to your reader who is the source of the idea, quotation, or fact. These tags include things such as, Tannen argues, Tannen writes, According to Tannen.Why Cite?Like a tree, knowledge in a discipline is a living thing, from time to time losing and adding branches, growing in new directions.</p> <p>One whose limbs am I standing?Who has helped me to see?</p> <p>ParaphrasingTry to say something in your own wordskeep it about the same length as the original. Demands you make sense of somethingreread until you understand what the author is saying.Good writers find their own way of saying things.Paraphrase PracticeFor most of the last 500 years, imitation was the sincerest form of architectural flattery.</p> <p>Houseflies not only defecate constantly, but do so in liquid form, which means they are in constant danger of dehydration.SummarizingSummarizing is a reduction of longer material into some brief statement that captures a basic idea, argument, or theme from the original.Dont misrepresent the general thrust of the authors ideas!Ask, does my selective use of this source give it a spin the author didnt intend?QuotingGeneral Rule: The college research paper should contain no more than 10 or 20% quoted material. When to QuoteDistinctive phrasingwhen restating the thought wouldnt possibly do it justice.When the person is an expert in the fieldadds credit to your argument.The explanation of a process or an idea is especially clear.</p> <p>Quoting Fairly1. Quote accurately.</p> <p>2. Make sure its clear in your notes that what youre jotting down is quoted material. </p> <p>3. Beware of distorting a quote by using it out of context.Note Taking Tips1. Look for ways to connect what you already know with what you are reading.2. Combine two modes of thought, two processes: collecting and focusing, observations of and ideas about, getting down and opening up.Note Taking Tips3. Mark up your copies of the sources: underline, annotate, draw lines and arrows.</p> <p>4. Imagine that your notes are a conversation with the author.Four Motives for Using a Source1. Sources can extend your thinking.2. Sources can provide necessary background.3. Sources can support or exemplify a point you want to make.4. Sources can present opportunities for analysis and interpretation.Narrative Note TakingFirst Layer: Story the SourceRead from beginning to end, marking up your personal copy with underlining, marginal notes, highlighter.Then tell the story of the textchronological account.Narrative Note TakingSecond Layer: Rapid SummaryRereadbut selectively.Look for things that seem to be repeated or seem to be important assertions, claims, or findings.Now write a few sentences that summarize your understanding of what the source is saying about your topic.Narrative Note TakingThird Layer: Narrative of ThoughtPush the text aside and reflect:Before I started reading this article/book/Web document/etc., I thought__________, but now I understand that_____________. That makes me think _____________.</p> <p>Introducing QuotationsX states ..As the prominent philosopher X puts it, ..According to X, .X himself writes, ..In her book, , X maintains that Capturing Authorial ActionX acknowledges thatX agrees that..X argues that.X believes thatX claims that..X insists that.X questions whether.Introducing QuotationsWriting in the journal Commentary, X complains that In Xs view, ..X agrees when she writes, X complicates matters further when he writes, ..X disagrees when he writes, ..Explaining QuotationsBasically, X is saying..In other words, X believesIn making this comment, X argues that.X is insisting thatXs point is that..The essence of Xs argument is that.How Not to Introduce QuotesBoth of the following are redundant and misleading:X asserts an idea that (redundant)A quote by X says.(misleadingit is the writer doing the quotation.</p> <p>Ballenger, Bruce. The Curious Researcher. 5th ed. New York: Pearson, 2007.</p>