PIPE GRADE DETERMINATION AND MAOP VALIDATION ?· PIPE GRADE DETERMINATION AND MAOP VALIDATION USING…

  • Published on
    27-Jul-2018

  • View
    212

  • Download
    0

Transcript

<ul><li><p>PIPE GRADE DETERMINATION AND MAOP VALIDATION </p><p>USING SOPHISTICATED SCRAPER TECHNOLOGY</p><p>Thomas Eiken, Werner Thale, Mohammed Jaarah</p><p>7th MENDT Conference Bahrain 09/15/2015</p></li><li><p>Slide 2</p><p>CONTENT</p><p>1. Pipe Grade in the Context of PIM</p><p>2. RoMat PGS - Development of an ILI </p><p>Solution for Pipe Grade </p><p>Determination </p><p>3. RoMat PGS - Field Experience with </p><p>the Sophisticated Technology</p><p>4. RoMat PGS The Data Evaluation </p><p>Process</p><p>5. Process of MAOP Reconfirmation</p><p>6. Key Benefits and Conclusion</p><p>Pipe Grade Determination and MAOP validation using sophisticated scraper technology ROSEN Group 09/15/2015</p></li><li><p>Slide 3</p><p>0.0%</p><p>10.0%</p><p>20.0%</p><p>30.0%</p><p>40.0%</p><p>50.0%</p><p>60.0%</p><p>70.0%</p><p>80.0%</p><p>90.0%</p><p>100.0%</p><p>0.0%</p><p>5.0%</p><p>10.0%</p><p>15.0%</p><p>20.0%</p><p>25.0%</p><p>30.0%</p><p>Inst</p><p>alle</p><p>d b</p><p>y D</p><p>eca</p><p>de</p><p> Cu</p><p>mu</p><p>lati</p><p>ve (</p><p>red</p><p> lin</p><p>e)</p><p>Inst</p><p>alle</p><p>db</p><p>yD</p><p>eca</p><p>de</p><p>(blu</p><p>eco</p><p>lum</p><p>s)</p><p>Percentage of gas transmission pipeline mileage installed in </p><p>the USA [1]</p><p>Ageing pipelines:</p><p> E.G. approx. 50% of all </p><p>pipelines installed </p><p>between 1950 and 1970 </p><p>in the US..</p><p>PIPE GRADE IN CONTEXT OF PIM</p><p>1) J. F. Kiefner, M. J. Rosenfeld, The Role of Pipeline Age in Pipeline Safety, Final Report </p><p>No. 2012.03, INGAA Foundation, October 2012</p><p>Pipe Grade Determination and MAOP validation using sophisticated scraper technology ROSEN Group 09/15/2015</p></li><li><p>Slide 4</p><p>PIPE GRADE IN CONTEXT OF PIM</p><p> Effective integrity management requires holistically pipeline data.</p><p> The pipe grade is a critical input for defining allowable operating pressure.</p><p> Pipe grade is also needed for the accurate assessment of anomalies found </p><p>in pipelines.</p><p> Pipe grade is uncertain for some pipelines due perhaps to changes in </p><p>ownership or the accidental destruction of records.</p><p> Historical emergency repairs or diversions may have resulted in pipe of </p><p>unknown grade being introduced.</p><p> The complete and accurate determination of pipe grade will allow effective </p><p>integrity management in line with industry best practice.</p><p>Pipe Grade Determination and MAOP validation using sophisticated scraper technology ROSEN Group 09/15/2015</p></li><li><p>Slide 5</p><p>Resulting Diagnostic Challenges:</p><p> Validated In Situ NDT delivers no holistic survey.</p><p> Until now, no economic, holistic method to measure yield strength of an </p><p>entire pipeline section has been available. </p><p> Holistically inline inspection solutions are needed for decoding the pipeline </p><p>design of pipeline sections with insufficient records to reconfirm MAOP/MOP.</p><p>PIPE GRADE IN CONTEXT OF PIM</p><p>Pipe Grade Determination and MAOP validation using sophisticated scraper technology ROSEN Group 09/15/2015</p></li><li><p>Slide 6</p><p>Proportional limit stress</p><p>Yield Strength (YS)</p><p>Fracture </p><p>(Ultimate Strain)</p><p>Ultimate Tensile </p><p>Stress (UTS)</p><p>xx x</p><p>Barlow Equation</p><p>MAOP: Maximum Allowable Operating Pressure</p><p>t: Nominal Wall Thickness</p><p>PY: Specified Minimum Yield Strength (SMYS)</p><p>D: Outer Pipe Diameter</p><p>SF: Safety Factor</p><p>Including according to ASME B 31.8 :</p><p>- Design Factor</p><p>- Joint Factor</p><p>- Temperature Derating</p><p>Factor</p><p>Pipe Grade Determination and MAOP validation using sophisticated scraper technology ROSEN Group 09/15/2015</p><p>PIPE GRADE IN CONTEXT OF PIM</p></li><li><p>Slide 7</p><p>CONTENT</p><p>1. Pipe Grade in the Context of PIM</p><p>2. RoMat PGS - Development of an </p><p>ILI Solution for Pipe Grade </p><p>Determination </p><p>3. RoMat PGS - Field Experience with </p><p>the Sophisticated Technology</p><p>4. RoMat PGS The Data Evaluation </p><p>Process</p><p>5. Process of MAOP Reconfirmation</p><p>6. Key Benefits and Conclusion</p><p>Pipe Grade Determination and MAOP validation using sophisticated scraper technology ROSEN Group 09/15/2015</p></li><li><p>Slide 8</p><p>ROMAT PGS - DEVELOPMENT OF AN ILI </p><p>SOLUTION FOR PIPE GRADE DETERMINATION</p><p>Destructive testing</p><p> Our calibration data set are supported by destructive testing and mill test reports</p><p> As of today we used 23 vintage pipe sample with unknown properties for destructive testing</p><p> The properties of five modern grades are supported by mill test reports</p><p>Tensile Testing (ASTM A 370)</p><p>Charpy Testing (ASTM A 370)</p><p>Micro-sections</p><p>Pipe Grade Determination and MAOP validation using sophisticated scraper technology ROSEN Group 09/15/2015</p></li><li><p>Slide 9</p><p>ROMAT PGS - DEVELOPMENT OF AN ILI </p><p>SOLUTION FOR PIPE GRADE DETERMINATION</p><p>100</p><p>150</p><p>200</p><p>250</p><p>300</p><p>350</p><p>400</p><p>450</p><p>500</p><p>350 400 450 500 550 600 650</p><p>Measu</p><p>rem</p><p>en</p><p>t [a</p><p>.u.]</p><p>Ultimate tensile strength [MPa, N/mm2]</p><p>st37, S235JR+AR</p><p>A516_Grade70</p><p>ST52, S355MC</p><p>X65, API 5L X65 PSL2</p><p>X70, SAWL 485 IFD</p><p>Results</p><p>Coefficient of determination:</p><p>UTS: r2 = 0.92</p><p>Laboratory tests:</p><p>Conjunction between mechanical </p><p>and electro-magnetic steel </p><p>properties </p><p>Pipe Grade Determination and MAOP validation using sophisticated scraper technology ROSEN Group 09/15/2015</p></li><li><p>Slide 10</p><p>a.b</p><p>.</p><p>Schematic view </p><p>WT measurement</p><p>from MFL</p><p>Color scan of the</p><p>PGS response</p><p>PGS response </p><p>clearly </p><p>independent </p><p>from WTMedian in </p><p>circumferential </p><p>direction of </p><p>PGS response </p><p>Conducting performance pull tests at the </p><p>ROSEN Technology and Research </p><p>Center test field, Lingen/Germany</p><p>ROMAT PGS - DEVELOPMENT OF AN ILI </p><p>SOLUTION FOR PIPE GRADE DETERMINATION</p><p>Pipe Grade Determination and MAOP validation using sophisticated scraper technology ROSEN Group 09/15/2015</p></li><li><p>Slide 11</p><p>Color scans of pull tests with varying velocities </p><p>PGS response </p><p>independent </p><p>from tool velocity</p><p>ROMAT PGS - DEVELOPMENT OF AN ILI </p><p>SOLUTION FOR PIPE GRADE DETERMINATION</p><p>Pipe Grade Determination and MAOP validation using sophisticated scraper technology ROSEN Group 09/15/2015</p></li><li><p>Slide 12</p><p>Color scan of the PGS response</p><p>ROMAT PGS - DEVELOPMENT OF AN ILI </p><p>SOLUTION FOR PIPE GRADE DETERMINATION</p><p>Unity plot of performance pull tests is within the tool performance</p><p>Pipe Grade Determination and MAOP validation using sophisticated scraper technology ROSEN Group 09/15/2015</p></li><li><p>Slide 13</p><p>Development conclusion:</p><p> Pipe Grade Sensor (PGS): Electro-Magnetic sensor technology</p><p> High resolution approach, high circumferential resolution</p><p> Vintage UTS and YS value are based on destructive testing according to </p><p>ASTM A 370 </p><p> Laboratory and full-scale testing proved the capabilities to quantify UTS and </p><p>YS values</p><p>ROMAT PGS - DEVELOPMENT OF AN ILI </p><p>SOLUTION FOR PIPE GRADE DETERMINATION</p><p>Pipe Grade Determination and MAOP validation using sophisticated scraper technology ROSEN Group 09/15/2015</p></li><li><p>Slide 14</p><p>CONTENT</p><p>1. Pipe Grade in the Context of PIM</p><p>2. RoMat PGS - Development of an ILI </p><p>Solution for Pipe Grade </p><p>Determination </p><p>3. RoMat PGS - Field Experience </p><p>with the Sophisticated </p><p>Technology</p><p>4. RoMat PGS The Data Evaluation </p><p>Process</p><p>5. Process of MAOP Reconfirmation</p><p>6. Key Benefits and Conclusion</p><p>Pipe Grade Determination and MAOP validation using sophisticated scraper technology ROSEN Group 09/15/2015</p></li><li><p>Slide 15</p><p>Pipeline data:</p><p> Natural gas transmission pipeline</p><p> 16 pipeline, 70,000 ft.</p><p> Nominal wall thickness 0.250</p><p> Pipe line was constructed and partial replaced with </p><p>new and used (refurnished) pipes</p><p> Known pipe grades: X42, X52, X60</p><p> Unknown pipe grades: X24 according to 49 CFR</p><p> 1583 pipe segments and fittings</p><p>ROMAT PGS FIELD EXPERIENCE WITH THE </p><p>SOPHISTICATED TECHNOLOGY</p><p>Performance test of the tool in the field </p><p>Pipe Grade Determination and MAOP validation using sophisticated scraper technology ROSEN Group 09/15/2015</p></li><li><p>Slide 16</p><p> The ILI survey was executed in January 2014 </p><p> 11 Inspection System Results verifications were carried out in fall 2014</p><p> Validation Digs and NDE program has been completed in Q4 2014.</p><p> Data comparison with mill test reports of known pipe properties were carried </p><p>out.</p><p> Discrepancy analysis and case studies confirmed the technology.</p><p>ROMAT PGS FIELD EXPERIENCE WITH THE </p><p>SOPHISTICATED TECHNOLOGY</p><p>Pipe Grade Determination and MAOP validation using sophisticated scraper technology ROSEN Group 09/15/2015</p></li><li><p>Slide 17</p><p>CONTENT</p><p>1. Pipe Grade in the Context of PIM</p><p>2. RoMat PGS - Development of an ILI </p><p>Solution for Pipe Grade </p><p>Determination </p><p>3. RoMat PGS - Field Experience with </p><p>the Sophisticated Technology</p><p>4. RoMat PGS The Data Evaluation </p><p>Process</p><p>5. Process of MAOP Reconfirmation</p><p>6. Key Benefits and Conclusion</p><p>Pipe Grade Determination and MAOP validation using sophisticated scraper technology ROSEN Group 09/15/2015</p></li><li><p>Slide 18</p><p>0</p><p>8</p><p>16</p><p>24</p><p>32</p><p>40</p><p>48</p><p>56</p><p>64</p><p>72</p><p>80</p><p>0</p><p>100</p><p>200</p><p>300</p><p>400</p><p>500</p><p>600</p><p>0.000 10,000.000 20,000.000 30,000.000 40,000.000 50,000.000 60,000.000 70,000.000</p><p>Yie</p><p>ld S</p><p>tre</p><p>ng</p><p>th [k</p><p>si]</p><p>Yie</p><p>ld S</p><p>tren</p><p>gth</p><p> [M</p><p>PA</p><p>]</p><p>Log Distance </p><p>Determination per pipe joint</p><p>Sections with unknown grade</p><p>Sections with unknown grades 165 MPa (X 24) in accordance with 49 CFR</p><p>ROMAT PGS THE DATA EVALUATION PROCESS</p><p>Pipe Grade Determination and MAOP validation using sophisticated scraper technology ROSEN Group 09/15/2015</p></li><li><p>Slide 19</p><p>Co</p><p>un</p><p>ts [</p><p>a.u</p><p>.]</p><p>[ft]</p><p>ROMAT PGS THE DATA EVALUATION PROCESS</p><p>Color scan of the PGS response for 1583 pipe segments47 P</p><p>ipe S</p><p>egm</p><p>ents</p><p>282 P</p><p>ipe S</p><p>egm</p><p>ents</p><p>Pipe Grade Determination and MAOP validation using sophisticated scraper technology ROSEN Group 09/15/2015</p></li><li><p>Slide 20</p><p>0</p><p>8</p><p>16</p><p>24</p><p>32</p><p>40</p><p>48</p><p>56</p><p>64</p><p>72</p><p>80</p><p>0.00</p><p>100.00</p><p>200.00</p><p>300.00</p><p>400.00</p><p>500.00</p><p>600.00</p><p>0.000 10,000.000 20,000.000 30,000.000 40,000.000 50,000.000 60,000.000 70,000.000</p><p>Yie</p><p>ld S</p><p>tren</p><p>gth</p><p> [k</p><p>si]</p><p>Yie</p><p>ld S</p><p>tren</p><p>gth</p><p> [M</p><p>PA</p><p>]</p><p>Log Distance </p><p>Determination per pipe joint</p><p>Yield strength per joint (ILI) Sections with unknown grade</p><p>RoMat PGS determines yield strength values</p><p>ROMAT PGS THE DATA EVALUATION PROCESS</p><p>Pipe Grade Determination and MAOP validation using sophisticated scraper technology ROSEN Group 09/15/2015</p></li><li><p>Slide 21</p><p>0</p><p>8</p><p>16</p><p>24</p><p>32</p><p>40</p><p>48</p><p>56</p><p>64</p><p>72</p><p>80</p><p>0.00</p><p>100.00</p><p>200.00</p><p>300.00</p><p>400.00</p><p>500.00</p><p>600.00</p><p>0.000 10,000.000 20,000.000 30,000.000 40,000.000 50,000.000 60,000.000 70,000.000</p><p>Yie</p><p>ld S</p><p>tre</p><p>ng</p><p>th [k</p><p>si]</p><p>Yie</p><p>ld S</p><p>tren</p><p>gth</p><p> [M</p><p>PA</p><p>]</p><p>Log Distance </p><p>Determination per pipe joint</p><p>Yield strength per joint (ILI) yield strength per joint (hardness testing) Sections with unknown grade</p><p>RoMat PGS determined yield strength values are compared with Inspection </p><p>System Results verification</p><p>ROMAT PGS THE DATA EVALUATION PROCESS</p><p>Pipe Grade Determination and MAOP validation using sophisticated scraper technology ROSEN Group 09/15/2015</p></li><li><p>Slide 22</p><p>Inspection System Result verification according to API 1163 - by the use of mobile </p><p>hardness testing </p><p>Unity plot: UTS determined by ILI versus UTS determined mobile hardness testing</p><p>ROMAT PGS THE DATA EVALUATION PROCESS</p><p>Pipe Grade Determination and MAOP validation using sophisticated scraper technology ROSEN Group 09/15/2015</p></li><li><p>Slide 23</p><p>0</p><p>8</p><p>16</p><p>24</p><p>32</p><p>40</p><p>48</p><p>56</p><p>64</p><p>72</p><p>80</p><p>0.00</p><p>100.00</p><p>200.00</p><p>300.00</p><p>400.00</p><p>500.00</p><p>600.00</p><p>0.000 10,000.000 20,000.000 30,000.000 40,000.000 50,000.000 60,000.000 70,000.000</p><p>Yie</p><p>ld S</p><p>tren</p><p>gth</p><p> [k</p><p>si]</p><p>Yie</p><p>ld S</p><p>tren</p><p>gth</p><p> [M</p><p>PA</p><p>]</p><p>Log Distance </p><p>Determination per pipe joint</p><p>Yield strength per joint (ILI) yield strength per joint (hardness testing)</p><p>Sections with pipeline records Sections with unknown grade</p><p>RoMat PGS determined Yield strength values are compared with existing pipeline </p><p>records</p><p>ROMAT PGS THE DATA EVALUATION PROCESS</p><p>Pipe Grade Determination and MAOP validation using sophisticated scraper technology ROSEN Group 09/15/2015</p></li><li><p>Slide 24</p><p>0</p><p>8</p><p>16</p><p>24</p><p>32</p><p>40</p><p>48</p><p>56</p><p>64</p><p>72</p><p>80</p><p>0.00</p><p>100.00</p><p>200.00</p><p>300.00</p><p>400.00</p><p>500.00</p><p>600.00</p><p>0.000 10,000.000 20,000.000 30,000.000 40,000.000 50,000.000 60,000.000 70,000.000</p><p>Yie</p><p>ld S</p><p>tre</p><p>ng</p><p>th [k</p><p>si]</p><p>Yie</p><p>ld S</p><p>tren</p><p>gth</p><p> [M</p><p>PA</p><p>]</p><p>Log Distance </p><p>Determination per pipe joint</p><p>Yield strength per joint (ILI) Sections with pipeline records Sections with unknown grade RoMat determined Pipe Grade</p><p>Yield strength values (ILI) complemented with determined SMYS (Pipe Grade) </p><p>Closing the gap in the pipelines DNA</p><p>ROMAT PGS THE DATA EVALUATION PROCESS</p><p>Pipe Grade Determination and MAOP validation using sophisticated scraper technology ROSEN Group 09/15/2015</p></li><li><p>Slide 25</p><p>0</p><p>8</p><p>16</p><p>24</p><p>32</p><p>40</p><p>48</p><p>56</p><p>64</p><p>72</p><p>80</p><p>0.00</p><p>100.00</p><p>200.00</p><p>300.00</p><p>400.00</p><p>500.00</p><p>600.00</p><p>0.000 10,000.000 20,000.000 30,000.000 40,000.000 50,000.000 60,000.000 70,000.000</p><p>Yie</p><p>ld S</p><p>tre</p><p>ng</p><p>th [k</p><p>si]</p><p>Yie</p><p>ld S</p><p>tren</p><p>gth</p><p> [M</p><p>PA</p><p>]</p><p>Log Distance </p><p>Determination per pipe joint</p><p>Sections with pipeline records Sections with unknown grade RoMat determined Pipe Grade</p><p>Pipeline DNA is complemented with pipe grade</p><p>ROMAT PGS THE DATA EVALUATION PROCESS</p><p>Pipe Grade Determination and MAOP validation using sophisticated scraper technology ROSEN Group 09/15/2015</p></li><li><p>Slide 26</p><p>0</p><p>8</p><p>16</p><p>24</p><p>32</p><p>40</p><p>48</p><p>56</p><p>64</p><p>72</p><p>80</p><p>0.00</p><p>100.00</p><p>200.00</p><p>300.00</p><p>400.00</p><p>500.00</p><p>600.00</p><p>0.000 10,000.000 20,000.000 30,000.000 40,000.000 50,000.000 60,000.000 70,000.000</p><p>Yie</p><p>ld S</p><p>tre</p><p>ng</p><p>th [k</p><p>si]</p><p>Yie</p><p>ld S</p><p>tren</p><p>gth</p><p> [M</p><p>PA</p><p>]</p><p>Log Distance </p><p>Determination per pipe joint</p><p>Sections with pipeline records RoMat determined Pipe Grade</p><p>Pipeline DNA is completed =&gt; process MAOP validation is starting</p><p>ROMAT PGS THE DATA EVALUATION PROCESS</p><p>Pipe Grade Determination and MAOP validation using sophisticated scraper technology ROSEN Group 09/15/2015</p></li><li><p>Slide 27</p><p>CONTENT</p><p>1. Pipe Grade in the Context of PIM</p><p>2. RoMat PGS - Development of an ILI </p><p>Solution for Pipe Grade </p><p>Determination </p><p>3. RoMat PGS - Field Experience with </p><p>the Sophisticated Technology</p><p>4. RoMat PGS The Data Evaluation </p><p>Process</p><p>5. Process of MAOP Reconfirmation</p><p>6. Key Benefits and Conclusion</p><p>Pipe Grade Determination and MAOP validation using sophisticated scraper technology ROSEN Group 09/15/2015</p></li><li><p>Slide 28</p><p>PROCESS OF MAOP RECONFIRMATION</p><p>COMPLETION OF RECORDS</p><p>Incomplete</p><p>pipe tally (PT)</p><p>Pro</p><p>gre</p><p>ss</p><p>ILI</p><p>Segmentation </p><p>based on </p><p>measured YS</p><p>Determination </p><p>of outliers in </p><p>YS</p><p>Preliminary</p><p>data analysis YS per joint</p><p>Determination of </p><p>YS equivalent </p><p>SMYS</p><p>Final</p><p>data analysis</p><p>YS per joint</p><p>Completed</p><p>pipe tally</p><p>Determination </p><p>of verification </p><p>locations</p><p>Integrate YS </p><p>from mill </p><p>certificate</p><p>Field </p><p>verification </p><p>using NDE</p><p>Tensile tests </p><p>on pipe </p><p>samples</p><p>Mill </p><p>report?</p><p>no</p><p>yes</p><p>ILI &amp; Data Analysis Data Integration Verification Testing</p><p>Pipe Grade Determination and MAOP validation using sophisticated scraper technology ROSEN Group 09/15/2015</p></li><li><p>Slide 29</p><p>known</p><p>SF</p><p>WT</p><p>OD</p><p>MAOP</p><p>SMYS (RoMat)</p><p>SMYS (before) Partially unknown &gt; As low as 24 ksi (as per CFR)</p><p>&gt;=42&gt;=46&gt;=42known</p><p>Resulting MAOP segments further used for integrity assessments such as </p><p> FFP/FFS Analysis</p><p> Risk Assessments</p><p> Pressure Uprating</p><p>PROCESS OF MAOP RECONFIRMATION</p><p>COMPLETION OF RECORDS</p><p>known known</p><p>Pipe Grade Determination and MAOP validation using sophisticated scraper technology ROSEN Group 09/15/2015</p></li><li><p>Slide 30</p><p>CONTENT</p><p>1. Pipe Grade in the Context of PIM</p><p>2. RoMat PGS - Development of an ILI </p><p>Solution for Pipe Grade </p><p>Determination </p><p>3. RoMat PGS - Field Experience with </p><p>the Sophisticated Technology</p><p>4. RoMat PGS The Data Evaluation </p><p>Process</p><p>5. Process of MAOP Reconfirmation</p><p>6. Key Benefits and Conclusion</p><p>Pipe Grade Determination and MAOP validation using sophisticated scraper technology ROSEN Group 09/15/2015</p></li><li><p>Slide 31</p><p>KEY BENEFITS</p><p> Deliverable is a holistically view of the pipeline design. All potential rogue pipes will be </p><p>located and part of a replacement program</p><p> High availability and a wide range of proven tool configurations addressing </p><p>individual operational pipeline requirements</p><p> RoMat PGS is the solution for pipe grade determination without costly excavations to </p><p>fulfil regulatory long or short term statistical material sampling programs</p><p> A holistically ILI-service for pipe grade determination is a first step i...</p></li></ul>

Recommended

View more >