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1.What kind of people favor the cloning science to proceed? Reference: Infertile people who cannot have babies otherwise, people suffering fatal diseases, and some religious people seeking immortality.
2.For what reasons do most governments prohibit cloning? Reference: Most governments prohibit cloning mainly because it is against nature and causes ethical problems. Besides, the failure rate of cloning is very high. Most governments prohibit cloning mainly because it is against nature and causes ethical problems. Besides, the failure rate of cloning is very high.
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Not Now, Dr. Miracle Miracle Severino Antinori is a rich Italian doctor with a string of private fertility clinics to his name. He likes watching football and claims the Catholic faith. Yet the Vatican is no fan of his science.string Yet the Vatican is no fan of his science In his clinics, Antinori already offers every IVF treatment under the Sun, but still there are couples he cannot help. So now the man Italians call Dr Miracle is offering to clone his patients to create the babies they so desperately want.under the Sun
And of course its created quite a stir, with other scientists rounding on Antinori as religious leaders line up to attack his cloning plan as an insult to human dignity. Yet its an ambition Antinori has expressed many times before. Whats new is that finally it seems to be building a head of steam. Like-minded scientists from the US have joined Antinori in his cloning adventure. At a conference in Rome last week they claimed hundreds of couples have already volunteered for the experiments.stirline upconference Antinori shot to fame seven years ago helping grandmothers give birth using donor eggs. Later he pioneered the use of mice to nurture the sperm of men with poor fertility. He is clearly no ordinary scientist but a showman who thrives on controversy and pushing reproductive biology to the limits. And that of course is one reason why hes seen as being so dangerous.famecontroversy
However, his idea of using cloning to combat infertility is not as mad as it sounds. Many people have a hard job seeing the point of reproductive cloning. But for some couples, cloning represents the only hope of having a child carrying their genes, and scientists like Antinori are probably right to say that much of our opposition to cloning as a fertility treatment is irrational. In future we may want to change our minds and allow it in special circumstances.Many people have a hard job seeing the point of reproductive cloning.representstreatmentirrational But only when the science is ready. And thats the real problem. Five years on from Dolly, the science of cloning is still stuck in the dark ages. The failure rate is a shocking 97 per cent and deformed babies all too common. Even when cloning works, nobody understands why. So forget the complex moral arguments. To begin cloning people now, before even the most basic questions have been answered, is simply a waste of time and energy. Five years on from Dolly, the science of cloning is still stuck in the dark ages.deformedarguments
This is not to say that Antinori will fail, only that if he succeeds it is likely to be at an unacceptably high price. Hundreds of eggs and embryos will be wasted and lots of women will go through difficult pregnancies resulting in miscarriages or abortions. A few years from now techniques will have improved and the wasteful loss wont be as excessive. But right now there seems to be little anyone can do to keep the cloners at bay.excessivekeepat bay
And its not just Antinori and his team who are eager to go. A religious group called the Raelians believes cloning is the key to achieving immortality, and it, too, claims to have the necessary egg donors and volunteers willing to be implanted with cloned embryos.Raeliansimplanted So what about tougher laws? Implanting cloned human embryos is already illegal in many countries but it will never be prohibited everywhere. In any case, the prohibition of cloning is more likely to drive it underground than stamp it out. Secrecy is already a problem. Antinori and his team are refusing to name the country theyll be using as their base. Like it or not, the research is going ahead. Sooner or later we are going to have to decide whether regulation is safer than prohibition.prohibitedstampout Sooner or later
Antinori would go for regulation, of course. He believes it is only a matter of time before we lose our hang-ups about reproductive cloning and accept it as just another IVF technique. Once the first baby is born and it cries, he said last week, the world will embrace it.go forembrace But the world will never embrace the first cloned baby if it is unhealthy or deformed or the sole survivor of hundreds of pregnancies. In jumping the gun, Dr Miracle and his colleagues are taking one hell of a risk. If their instincts are wrong, the backlash against cloning and indeed science as a whole could be catastrophic.solejumping the guninstincts (704 words)
Examples The Great Wall is a miracle of architecture.The Great Wall is a miracle of architecture. A car ran over the child, but by a miracle, he was unhurt.A car ran over the child, but by a miracle, he was unhurt. miracle n. an unusual and mysterious event that cannot be explained by the laws of nature
string n. 1)a series of related or similar events 2)(a) narrow cord used to tie, fasten, etc. Examples The curious boy asked a string of questions.The curious boy asked a string of questions. The red peppers were all threaded on strings and hung over the door of the house.The red peppers were all threaded on strings and hung over the door of the house.
Yet the Vatican is no fan of his science More to learn More to learn Vatican is the residence of the pope at Rome. Since 1929, the Vatican City has been an independent state (108.7 acres/44 hectares), with the pope as its absolute ruler. Vatican
Yet the Vatican is no fan of his science Yet the Roman Catholic Church opposes his practice.
Examples The boy seems to have an opinion on every subject under the sun.The boy seems to have an opinion on every subject under the sun. You cannot detect all the sins under the sun.You cannot detect all the sins under the sun. under the sun (used for giving force to an expression) on the earth; in the world Translate Key She is the last person under the sun I expected to see there.
stir n. (public) excitement Examples The coming of the queen caused a great stir in the city.The coming of the queen caused a great stir in the city. The news caused a stir of interest on the Stock Exchange.The news caused a stir of interest on the Stock Exchange.
line up to (cause to) move into a row, side by side or one behind the other Examples The photographer lined up the family members for a picture.The photographer lined up the family members for a picture. People were lining up there to get a sample of the new product.People were lining up there to get a sample of the new product.
conference n. a meeting for consultation or discussion Examples Im attending a conference the whole next week.Im attending a conference the whole next week. The press conferences was immediately held after the peace talk.The press conferences was immediately held after the peace talk.
fame n. the condition of being well known and talked about; renown Examples The writers third novel was a hit and his fame soon spread all over the world.The writers third novel was a hit and his fame soon spread all over the world. The young politician is anxious for fame, not for the benefits of those people he represents.The young politician is anxious for fame, not for the benefits of those people he represents.
controversy n. (a) fierce argument or disagreement about something, esp. one that is carried on in public Examples The first cloned sheep gives rise to much controversy.The first cloned sheep gives rise to much controversy. Its beyond controversy that the computers cant really think.Its beyond controversy that the computers cant really think. Translate The lie detector tests have been the subject of much controversy. Key More to learn More to learn
controversy n. (a) fierce argument or disagreement about something, esp. one that is carried on in public controversial a. causing much argument or disagreement Example This is a controversial book.This is a controversial book.
Many people have a hard job seeing the point of reproductive cloning. Translate
represent v. to act or speak officially for (another person or group of people) Examples The stars in the flag of the United States represent the States.The stars in the flag of the United States represent the States. Women were poorly represented in the new government.Women were poorly represented in the new government. More to learn More to learn
Fill in the blank A person who has been chosen to act in place of one or more others is called ________________.A person who has been chosen to act in place of one or more others is called ________________. represent v. to act or speak officially for (another person or group of people) representative
treatment n. 1)medical attention; cure 2)behavior towards somebody Examples No effective treatment can cure AIDS so far.No effective treatment can cure AIDS so far. The old ladys treatment to her pet cat is just like the one to her family members.The old ladys treatment to her pet cat is just like the one to her family members.
Examples The irrational reaction to the loss of the football game caused serious consequences.The irrational reaction to the loss of the football game caused serious consequences. My wife is an irrational consumer she cannot resist cheap prices and always buys goods we do not need.My wife is an irrational consumer she cannot resist cheap prices and always buys goods we do not need. irrational a. contrary or opposed to reason
Five years on from Dolly, the science of cloning is still stuck in the dark ages. Translate
deform v. to spoil the form or appearance of Examples If the shoes are too tight, they will deform your feet.If the shoes are too tight, they will deform your feet. Sitting incorrectly for long periods of time can deform your spine.Sitting incorrectly for long periods of time can deform your spine. Can you translate the following words into Chinese? formreformtransform v. v. n. v. n. v.
Examples He got into an argument with Jeff in the pub last night.He got into an argument with Jeff in the pub last night. A careful argument for extraterrestrial life has been presented.A careful argument for extraterrestrial life has been presented. argument n. disagreement; quarrel
excessive a. too much; too great; going beyond what is reasonable or right Examples Excessive drinking may cause damage on the brain.Excessive drinking may cause damage on the brain. An excessive price may affect our market share.An excessive price may affect our market share. Translate Key He takes an excessive interest in clothes.
keep at bay to prevent from coming near Example Im trying to keep my creditors at bay.Im trying to keep my creditors at bay.
Raelian The Raelian Religion, founded by Rael (a French journalist formerly called Claude Vorilhon) in 1973, believes that life on earth was created by extraterrestrials, and supports human cloning.
implant v. to put something into a living body in a medical operation Examples It can help a lot for the patients with heart disease to implant a pacemaker.It can help a lot for the patients with heart disease to implant a pacemaker. An animal organ was implanted into the patients body.An animal organ was implanted into the patients body.
illegal a. prohibited by law Examples Some illegal immigrants risk their lives to get into developed countries.Some illegal immigrants risk their lives to get into developed countries. Its illegal for teenagers to drink in pubs.Its illegal for teenagers to drink in pubs. Can you find a word with the prefix il-? ? References illiterateillogical
prohibit v. to forbid, to issue a law against something Examples Smoking is strictly prohibited in public buildings.Smoking is strictly prohibited in public buildings. Children under 18 are prohibited from buying cigarettes.Children under 18 are prohibited from buying cigarettes.
Examples Do you think this new law will stamp out the illegal drugs trade?Do you think this new law will stamp out the illegal drugs trade? This country is making great efforts to stamp out terrorism.This country is making great efforts to stamp out terrorism. stamp out to put an end to (usu. something bad) completely
sooner or later at some time certainly; one day whether soon or (much) later Translate Key If you cheat, youll be found out sooner or later.
go for to like or be attracted by Examples Many of her readers go for romance and mystery.Many of her readers go for romance and mystery. The young tend to go for adventures while the elderly prefer security.The young tend to go for adventures while the elderly prefer security. Translate Key Do you go for modern music? More to learn More to learn
go for to like or be attracted by Example All my hard work went for nothing.All my hard work went for nothing. go for nothing to be wasted; have no result More to learn More to learn
go for to like or be attracted by Example Several people went in for the race....