Origami Holiday Decorations - ::ARTESANATO Origami Holiday Decorations shows you how to brighten Christmas, Hanukkah, and Kwanzaa with paper ornaments. Origami is the craft of

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  • ORIGAMIHOLIDAY

    DECORATIONS

    forCHRISTMASHANUKKAHandKWANZAA

    FlorenceTemko

    IllustrationsbyBarbaraPoeterBasedonoriginaldiagramsbyFlorenceTemko

    PhotosbyDaveKutchukian

    TUTTLEPUBLISHINGBostonRutland,VermontTokyo

  • First published in the United States in 2003 by Turtle Publishing, an imprint of Periplus Editions (HK) Ltd., with editorial offices at 364InnovationDrive,NorthClarendon,VT05759U.S.A.

    Copyright2003FlorenceTemko

    Allrightsreserved.Nopartofthispublicationmaybereproducedorutilizedinanyformorbyanymeans,electronicormechanical,includingphotocopying,recording,orbyanyinformationstorageandretrievalsystem,withoutpriorwrittenpermissionfromTurtlePublishing.

    LibraryofCongressCataloging-in-PublicationData

    Temko,Florence.OrigamiholidaydecorationsforChristmas,Hanukkah,andKwanzaa/FlorenceTemko.1sted.p.cmISBN:978-1-4629-0747-2(ebook)1.Origami.2.Holidaydecorations.I.Title.

    TT870.T44562003736'.982dc21

    20022075060

    Distributedby

    NorthAmerica,LatinAmerica,andEuropeTuttlePublishingDistributionCenterAirportIndustrialPark364InnovationDriveNorthClarendon,VT05759-9436Tel:(802)773-8930Fax:(802)773-6993Email:info@tuttlepublishing.com

    JapanTuttlePublishingYaekariBuilding,3F5-4-12Osaki,Shinagawa-kuTokyo141-0032Tel:81-35-437-0171Fax:81-35-437-0755Email:tuttle-sales@gol.com

    AsiaPacificBerkeleyBooksPte.Ltd.61TaiSengAvenue,#02-12Singapore534167Tel:(65)6280-3320Fax:(65)6280-6290Email:inquiries@periplus.com.sg

    Firstedition080706050498765432

    DesignbyBarbaraPoeter,Bomoseen,VermontPrintedinSingapore

  • CONTENTS

    INTRODUCTION5

    ABOUTORIGAMITECHNIQUES5

    FourImportantSymbols 5

    ThreeProcedures 7

    HowtoCutPaperSquares 8

    HelpfulTips 9

    AboutPaper 9

    ABOUTCHRISTMAS,HANUKKAH,ANDKWANZAA10

    FAQ(FrequentlyAskedQuestions) 12

    PROJECTS

    Icicle 16

    SnowflakeCard 17

    Santa'sHatDecoration 18

    ZawadiGift(MessageRack) 20

    HolidayCalendar 22

    HangingOrnament 24

    Dreidel 26

  • TheThreeKings 28

    ChristmasTree 29

    FestiveNapkin 30

    HolidayWreath 32

    MoneyFlower 34

    PictureFrame 36

    TorahScroll 38

    ChristmasStockings 40

    GiftEnvelope 42

    Candle 43

    KinaraCandleHolder 44

    Six-PointedStar 46

    Turkey 48

    DoveCandyDish 50

    SantaClaus 52

    KwanzaaBowl 54

  • StarofBethlehem 56

    Reindeer 60

    Acknowledgments 63

  • IntroductionOrigami Holiday Decorations shows you how to brighten Christmas, Hanukkah, and Kwanzaa withpaperornaments.Origami is thecraftof foldingapieceofpaper intoa recognizableobjectusingonlyyourhands.Manypeoplearefascinatedwithorigamiandfindittobearelaxing,yetchallenginghobby

    DecoratingChristmastreeswithorigamihasbecomeatraditioninmanyhomes,libraries,andmuseums.OrigamiornamentshavealsofoundtheirwayintoHanukkahcelebrations,butthisisthefirsttimethatabookincludessuchideasforKwanzaa.Someoftheprojectsrelatetoaspecificholiday,butmostofthemmakewonderfuldecorationsforanyofthethreeholidays.

    InOrigamiHolidayDecorationsyouwillfindalotofpracticalinformation,including:

    Step-by-stepinstructionsHowtomakeuniqueornamentsanddecorationsHowtocreatenewdesignsHowtousedifferentpapersHowtoteachorigamitoothersHowtouseorigamiasaneducationaltoolHoworigamifitsintotheworldofcomputersandtechnology

    Ihopeyouwillfindthatit'sgreatfuntomakeholidayornamentsthatcanproduce"oohs"and"aahs"yearafteryear.

  • AboutOrigamiTechniquesTohelpyoumakesenseofthelinesandarrowsonthedrawings,youshouldstudytheexplanationsofafew basic techniques. It will be well worth a fewminutes to learn to recognize the "Four ImportantSymbols"and"ThreeProcedures,"whichareinternationalstandardsfororigami.

    Anyactiontobetakenateachstepisshowninredonthediagrams.

    FOURIMPORTANTSYMBOLSLearntorecognizethesefoursimpleclues,whichareoftenoverlookedbybeginners.

    1.ValleyFold

    Foldthesquareinhalfbybringingoneedgeofthepapertowardyouandmatchingittotheoppositeedge.

    Avalleyfoldisalwaysshownbyalineofdashes.Youhavemadeavalleyfold.

    Withthisonesimplefold,youhavemadeagreetingcard.

    2.MountainFold

  • Foldthesquareinhalfbyguidingoneedgeofthepapertothebackandmatchingittotheoppositeedge.Amountainfoldisshownbyadash-dot-dashlineandanarrow.

    "Youhavemadeamountainfold.

    Withthisonesimplefoldyouhavemadeatent.

    3.Arrows

    Makeavalleyfold.

    DoublearrowFoldandunfold.

    Makeamountainfold.

    CurlyarrowTurnthepaperover.

  • 4.ExistingCrease

    Anexistingcrease,madepreviously,isshownbyathinlinethatdoesnottouchtheedges.

    Existingcrease

    THREEPROCEDURESIn these threeprocedures,whichoccur frequently inpaperfolding, severalstepsarecombined intoonestandardprocess.

    1.InsideReverseFold

    Oneofthemostcommonproceduresiscalledaninsidereversefold.

    1.Foldasmallsquarefromcornertocorner.

    2.Placethepaperexactlyasshown.Foldthetopcornerovertotheright,sothatitpeeksovertheopenedge.

  • 3a.Letthepaperopenupandpushthecornerinbetweenthetwolayersofpaper,onthecreasesyoumadeinStep2.

    3b.Closeupthepaper.

    4.Completedinsidereversefold

    Theinstructionsformakinganinsidereversefoldareindicatedwithadash-dot-dashline,thesameasforamountainfold,butthetextstatesthatyoumustmakeaninsidereversefold.

    Youmaywonderwhy thisprocedure is called a reverse fold: InStep2youwill see that thedoubledpaperismadeupofamountainfoldonthefrontlayerandavalleyfoldonthebacklayer.AfteryouhavepushedthecornerinbetweenthetwolayersofpaperinStep3,youhave"reversed"thevalleyfoldintoamountainfold.

    2.OutsideReverseFold

    Withanoutsidereversefold,thepaperiswrappedaroundtheoutsideofacorner.

    1.Foldasmallsquarefromcornertocorner.

    2.Placethepaperexactlyasshown.Valleyfoldthetopcornerovertotheleft,sothatitpeeksoverthefoldededge.

  • 3a.UnfoldStep2.

    3b.LetthepaperopenupandvalleyfoldonthecreasesmadeinStep2.

    4.Completedoutsidereversefold

    Outside reverse folds are often used for heads, feet, and hats. The instructions formaking an outsidereverse foldare indicatedwithadashed line, thesameas foravalleyfold,but the textstates thatyoumustmakeanoutsidereversefold.

    3.Rabbit'sEar

    Arabbit'searisalwaysformedonatriangle,wheneveritoccursduringthefoldingofamodel.

    1.Foldasquarefromcornertocorner.

    2.Younowhaveatriangle.Foldoneoftheshortercutedgestothelongfoldededge.Unfoldit.

  • 3.Foldtheothershortcutedgetothelongfoldededge.Unfoldit.

    4.PinchthecornerbetweenyourthumbandforefingersothatitformsavalleyfoldthatendswherethetwocreasesmadeinStep2andStep3meet.Thecornerwillstanduplikearabbit'sear.

    5.CompletedRabbit'sEar

    HOWTOCUTPAPERSQUARESManyoftheprojectsinthisbookbeginwithasquarepieceofpaper.Allitssidesareofequallengthandallcornersareright(90-degree)angles.Papercanbesquaredonaboardpapercutter,ifavailable,butit'squiteeasytocutanyrectangularsheetintoasquare:

    1.Foldashortedgetoalongedge.

  • 2.Cutofftheextrarectangle.

    3.Asquare

    Sheetsof81/2"x11"copyandotherprintingpaperscanbecutintotwosizes:

    Withonecut:intosquareswith81/2sides.

    Withtwocuts:intotwosquareswith51/2"sides.

    Copyshopswillusuallycutawholereamforasmallfee.Areamwillprovidefivehundred81/2"squaresoronethousand51/2"squares.

    HELPFULTIPSIfyouarehavingtroublewithastepcheckthefollowing:

    1.Makesureyoudistinguishcarefullybetweenavalley fold (dashed line)andamountain fold(dash-dot-dashline).2.Besuretoobservethecurlyarrowaskingyoutoturnthepaperover.3.Compareyourpapertotheillustrationsfor:

    ThestepyouareworkingonThepreviousstepThenextstep,whichisyourgoal

    4.Readthedirectionsoutloud.

    Drawings

    Forthesakeofclarity,theillustrationsmayincreaseinsizefromthebeginningoftheprojecttotheend.Buttheanglesarealwaysconsistent,andyoucantestyourownpaperagainstthem.

  • Measurements

    Measurementsaregivenininchesandcentimeters,buttheconversionmaynotalwaysbeexactinordertoavoidawkwardfractions.Insomecasesspecificsizesarerecommended,butinmostcasesyoumayusesmallerorlargerpiecesofpaper.

    ABOUTPAPERMostfairlythin,uncoatedpaperswithacrispsurfacearesuitablefororigami.Checkout"origami"ontheInternet for suppliers of specialty papers. Once you know how to fold an origami, you may want toreproduceitwithapaperinamoreappropriatecolorordesign,whichcanmakeabigdifferencetotheendresult.

    Thefollowingisanoverviewofthepapersmostpopularwithexperiencedpaperfolders.

    OrigamiPaper

    Ready-cutsquaresinvaryingsizesandcolorsareavailableinsomeart,museum,andgiftstoresandfromcatalogs.Theyareusuallycoloredononesideandwhiteon theother. I recommend6" (15cm)as themostversatileall-purposesize.Fromthereyoucangoontosmallerandlargersquaresasappropriateforaparticulardesign.

    ComputerandBondPaper;PrintingPaperinBrightColors

    Thesetypesofpaperareavailableinalargeassortmentofcolorsatcopyshops,officesupplystores,andschoolsuppliers.Theyaresoldinsize8"by11"inpackagesof500sheets(aream),andareavailablein twoweights, describedon the packages as 24 lbs and20 lbs.The lighterweight paper foldsmoreeasily.Printingpapersarethemosteconomicalchoiceforschools,youthgroups,andotherlargegroups.

    GiftWrapPaper

    It isquitedifficult tocutpaperon rolls intosquares,butwellworthwhile for special results.Foilgiftwrapturnsanyorigamiinstantlyintoafestiveornament.

    HandmadePaper

    Thistypeofpaperissofter,butgivesrich-lookingresults.Japanesewashipaperingloriouspatternsisavailableinsheetsorpackagesofsquares.

    PaperColoredonBothSides

    Someprojects lookbetterwhenmadefrompaper that iscoloredonbothsides,suchasprintingpaper.Duo-colored origami squares, sold in packets, have different colors on the front and the back.Youcanmakeyourownfancyduopapersbygluingsheetsofgiftwraporotherpapersbacktobackwithsprayglueorgluesticks.

    RecycledPaper

  • Out-of-date flyers, colorful magazine pages, and other discarded papers can be cut into squares andfoldedintoorigamimodels.

  • ABOUTCHRISTMAS,HANUKKAH,ANDKWANZAACHRISTMASChristmas was first celebrated in Europe in the fourth century on the 25th day of December tocommemorate thebirthof theChristchild.Since then,manysymbolshavebecomeassociatedwith thefestivity.

    Decorating evergreen trees with ornaments became an enduring tradition, representing long life andimmortality.InthesixteenthcenturyGermanpeoplecommonlydecoratedfirtreeswithflowers,fruit,andevenpiecesofpaper.Candleswereaddedlaterontoemulatethetwinklingofstars.

    The name of Santa Claus, the gift giver, is the abbreviation of St. Nicholas, a Turkish bishop whoperformedmany lovingactsofkindness in the fourthcenturyandbecameknownas thepatron saintofchildren.HisfamespreadthroughoutEurope.IntheUnitedStateshewaspopularizedbythepoem"'Twasthe Night Before Christmas" written by Clement Moore in 1863 and illustrated with the now often-reproducedimagesbyartistThomasNast.AccordingtolegendSantaClauslivesattheNorthPoleandonChristmasEvetravelsonhissleddrawnbyreindeertodelivergiftsforboysandgirls.

    HANUKKAHTheJewishFestivalofLights,calledHanukkah, iscelebratedby lightingcandles foreightconsecutiveeveningsatsunset.TheceremonycommemoratesamiraclethathappenedafterJewswonabattleintheyear165B.C.

    As recorded in the Book ofMaccabees, two thousand years ago a Syrian king, Antiochus, governedIsrael.HewantedtoforcetheJewstogiveuptheirbeliefinoneGodandtakeontheGreekreligion.TheJewsstruggledtokeeptheirowntraditions.WhentheirsacredtempleinJerusalemwasoverrunbytheSyrianarmy,theMaccabeebrothersfledandformedafightingband,whichdefeatedtheSyriansoldiersafterthreeyears.

    OntheirreturntoJerusalemtheMaccabeeswantedtorededicatetheirtemplebylightingthesacredoillamp.Accordingtolegendtheycouldonlyfindatinybitofsacredoil,expectedtolastforasingleday.Muchtotheirsurprisethelightcontinuedtoburnforeightdays.InmemoryofthismiracleJewishfamiliescelebrateHanukkaheveryyear.

    KWANZAAInthe1960sAfricanAmericanpeoplebegancelebratingaseven-dayholidayduringDecembertohonortheirAfricanheritage.Theynamed it "Kwanzaa,"aSwahiliwordmeaning"first fruitsof theharvest."

  • Kwanzaa is now widely observed in the United States in homes, schools, churches, museums, andlibraries.BecauseKwanzaa isanethnic festival, it canbecelebratedside-by-sidewithChristmasandotherreligiousholidays.

    Each night ofKwanzaa black, red, and green candles are lighted in a seven-armed candleholder. Thecandles represent Nguzo Saba, the seven principles of day-to-day living, which underlie Kwanzaa.BeginningonDecember25adifferentprinciple ishonoredeachnight:Unity (umoja inSwahili); self-determination (kujichagulia); collective work and responsibility (ujima); cooperative economics(ujamaa);purpose(nia);creativity(kuumba);andfaith(imani).

    ColorfullocalfestivalsheldduringtheweekofKwanzaacommemorateAfricancultureandcooking,withthestressonactiveparticipationincraftworkshopsandfrequentdiscussionsofthemeaningofKwanzaa.

  • FAQ(FrequentlyAskedQuestions)Whatisthehistoryofpaperfolding?

    "Origami"isaJapanesewordconsistingofori,meaningtofold,andgarni,meaningpaper.Thewordhasslipped into theEnglish language because paperfolding has spread from Japan,where it is part of theculture.ItisknownthatsincethetwelfthcenturypaperhasbeenfoldedinJapanforceremonialpurposesandthatinthesixteenthcenturypaperwasfoldedfordecorativeuseandentertainment.

    RecordsshowthatpaperwasfoldedinEuropeinthefourteenthcentury.Inthesixteenthandseventeenthcenturiesitwascommonpracticetofoldsquarebaptismalcertificatesinsetpatterns.

    ThekindofrecreationalorigaminowpopularinAsiaandWesterncountriesbeganinthelatenineteenthcentury,but received itsgreatest impetus in the latterhalfof the twentiethcentury.AkiraYoshizawa inJapan,LillianOppenheimerintheUnitedStates,andRobertHarbininEnglandwereprominentforcesinbringingorigamitotheattentionofthegeneralpublic.

    Isorigamiartorcraft?

    Origamiisdefinitelyacraft,withanunderlyingtechnique,butsomemodelsarewellrecognizedasworksofart.Theyhavebeendisplayedinmajorartmuseumsandsoldinartgalleries.

    Themostprolificcreatorsseemtohaveamathematical,ascientific,oranartistic inclinationofwhichtheymaynotevenbeaware.RobertLangandAkiraYoshizawaaretwooftheforemostartists.

    Dr.RobertLang,anAmericanscientist,designedanowfamouscuckooclock,whichrequiresabout260intricatefolds.Heisintriguedbythechallengeofdevisinginsectsthatduplicatetheirnaturaldetails.HehasdevisedtheTreemakersoftware,whichbasesfoldingpatternsonproportionsofthelocationandsizeofpointsonthesurfaceofthepaper.

    AkiraYoshizawa of Japan is considered themaster of artistic origami,which aremuch admired.Hisanimalsseemtocomealiveandbepoisedreadytorunorjump.

    Whyfoldpaper?

    Manypeoplefindpleasureinthefoldingprocessitselfwhenfollowingthediagrams,whileotherscan'twait to achieve the result. Still others enjoy the challenge of inventing entirely newdesigns and somepaperfoldersliketoteachorigamitofriends,orinschoolsandlibraries.

    Isorigamicreative?

    Paperfoldersconstantlycreatenewmodels.Onceyouknowsomeofthebasics,youmaybegintocreateyour own simple toys, home decorations, or complex sculptures. They may be variations on existingmodelsorentirelynew.Somemayappearinjustminutes,likeadoodle,whileothersmaybesocomplexthattheytakemonthstodesignandhourstoreproduce.

  • Whataresomepracticalusesfororigami?

    EntertainingfriendsandstrangersMakingornamentsanddecorationsAidingcurriculumrequirementsinmath,art,andsocialscienceclassesFund-raising

    Howlongdoesittaketolearnorigami?

    Youcanlearntomakeasimplemodelinjustafewminutes,whileacomplexonemaybeachallengeformany hours. Themodels in this book vary from simple to intermediate. Themore you fold paper, theeasieritbecomes,inaremarkablyshortperiodoftime.

    Atwhatagecanchildrenlearnorigami?

    Ihave taught three-year-oldsonaone-on-onebasis,butgenerally thenecessarycoordinationbegins todevelopatsevenyearsofage.

    HowcanIteachothers?

    It'sonethingtoteachone-on-oneinaninformalsettingandquiteanothertogiveaprogramtoaclassorothergroup.Inmygeneralintroductoryprograms,Iteachgroupstomakeagiftbox,aswan,andaleapingfrog.Imayvarythis,dependingonspecialrequestsbytheorganizersortheseasonsoftheyear.Beforeanypresentation:

    Decideclearlywhatyouwouldliketoteach.Make sure you know how to fold the models, making them over and over until you arefamiliarwiththem,verbalizingeachsteptoyourself.

    Prepare the quantity and types of papers you will need, including larger squares fordemonstratingupfront.

    Whatisthebestwaytomakesharpcreases?

    Foldthepaperonatabletoporothersolidsurface.Thisprovidesresistanceandhelpsyoumakestraightcreases.Youcansharpenthecreaseswithyourfingernailoranice-creamstick.

    Whatarethebestsizesformodels?

    Paperfolderscallacompletedorigamiamodel.Origamimodelscanbemadeinanysize,dependingonyourownpreference.Whenyoumakeamodelforthefirsttimeitisbesttouseasquarebetween6"to10"(15cmto25cm).Thenyoumaydecidetomakethemodelsmallerorlargerbyusingasmallerorlargersquaretosuitthepurpose.

    Whatarebases?

    Manymodelsbeginwiththesameseriesofsteps,whicharecalledbases.Theyarerecognizedbypaper-foldersallovertheworld.InOrigamiHolidayDecorationsbasesoccurinthefollowingmodels:

  • Kitebase:Icicle,SnowflakeCard,ChristmasTree,TurkeyBlintzbase:HangingOrnament,HolidayWreath,PictureFrame,KwanzaaBowlFishbase:DoveCandyDishTrianglebase:SantaClausSquareorPreliminarybase:StarofBethlehem,ReindeerBirdbase:StarofBethlehemorReindeer

    Whatisorigamilanguage?

    Whenpaperfolders showeachother newmodels theymay say: "Beginwith theKite base."Theotherperson will know what to do. These and other terms like valley fold, mountain fold, and so on areshortcutsthatkeeprecurringinorigamiinstructions.InOrigamiHolidayDecorationsIhavereferredtothemas"origamilanguage."

    If we accept one dictionary definition of the word "language" as "anymode of communication," thenorigamiitselfisalanguage.Whenpaperfoldersfindthemselvesinsituationswheretheyhavenocommonlanguagewithotherpeople,theyoftenfoldandgiveawayanorigamibirdortoy.Theyarecommunicatingverywell,elicitingsmilesandfriendship.

    Wheredomodelsoriginate?

    Therearethreesources:

    Traditional: Inmanycultures toysare folded frompaper, like thedart airplaneor thehatmadefromanewspaper.

    Knowncreators:Whenpaperfoldersshoworteachmodelsbyknowncreators,theyalwayscreditthembyname.

    Unknowncreators:Whenamodel ishandedaround informallyatparties, inschools,andelsewhere,thenameofthecreatormaybecomelostintheshuffle.

    Whataboutcopyrights?

    Youmay fold any origami and photocopy printed instructions for your own personal use. You cannotinclude them in handouts or any printed or electronic format without permission from the creator orcopyright holder, which may be a publisher. For more detailed information consult the guidelinesprovidedbyOrigamiUSA(seetheaddressattheendofthischapter).

    HowcanImeetotherpaperfolders?

    It'sgreatfuntomeetwithotherpaperfolders.Origamiclubswheremembersofallagesmeetmonthlytoexchangedirectionsformodelsandshareotherinformationexistinmanylocalities.OrigamiUSAholdsanannualconventioninNewYorkCityattendedbymorethan600enthusiastsfrommanycountries.Otherconventionstakeplaceindifferentplaces.OrigamiiswellrepresentedontheInternet,whichcansatisfyyourcuriosityaboutanyofitsaspects.Traditionalandnewdesigns,whethersimpleorcomplex,appearconstantlyonwebsites.

    FurtherInformation

  • Readers interested in learningmoreaboutpaperfoldingcanuse thekeyword "origami"on the Internet.TheseAmericanandBritishgroupscanconnectyouwithotherpaperfoldersinyourareaoryourcountry:

    OrigamiUSA BritishOrigamiSociety15West77thStreet 2ATheChestnutsNewYork,NY10024 Countesthorpe,LeicesterUSA LE85TL,UnitedKingdom

  • ICICLEOrigamiiciclescanaddsparkletoanytree.Decorateawholetreewithsilvericicles,orchooseariotofbrightshadesofred,gold,andgreen.Thesecretliesinusingshinyfoilgiftwrap.SmalliciclescanfillintheannoyingholesthatalwaysseemtodevelopwhendecoratingaChristmastree.

    Youneed:

    A3"(7cm)squareoffoilgiftwrap

    Ifpaperiscoloredononlyoneside,beginwiththewhitesideup.

    1a.Foldthesquarefromcornertocorner.

    1b.Unfoldit.

  • 2.Foldtwoedgestothecreaseyoujustmade.

    3.Turnthepaperover.Inorigamilanguage,thisshapeiscalledaKitebase.

    4.Foldthetwolongedgestothemiddle.

  • 5.Reachbehindforthecornersofthepaper.Bringthemouttothesides.

    6.Foldthesidestothemiddle.

    7.MountainfoldtheIcicleinhalftotheback.

    8.Loosenthepleats.

  • 9.CompletedIcicle

  • SNOWFLAKECARDForaveryeffectivegreetingcardfoldsixiciclesfromplainwhiteprintingpaper,orselectapaperwithflecksortexture.

    Youneed:

    Six2"(5cm)squaresofwhitepaperApieceofconstructionorhandmadepaperGlue

    Ifpaperiscoloredononesideonly,beginwiththecoloredsidefacingup.

    Foldallsixsquaresinthesameway.

    1a.FoldthepaperasinSteps1through5oftheIcicle,1b.Turnthepaperover,1c.Foldtheconstructionpaperinhalf.1d.Gluetheiciclesinacircleontheconstructionpaper.

    HolidayParty

    Makingsnowflakecardslendsitselfwelltoagroupactivity,whetheritbeafamily,aclass,orayouthworkshop.

  • SANTA'SHATDECORATIONSanta'sHatcanbeusedasunusualplacecardsforChristmasdinnerortheirjauntylinescanaddaspotofcoloranywhereinthehouse.YoucouldputoneonaTeddyBear'sheadforaseasonaltouch.

    Youneed:

    Apapersquare,redononesideandwhiteontheother

    Beginwiththecoloredsideofthepaperfacingup.

    1a.Foldthesquarefromcornertocornerinbothdirections.

    1b.Unfoldthepapereachtime.

  • 2a.Foldthetopcornerdownalittle.

    2b.Foldthebottomcornertothecreasethatgoesacrossthecenterofthepaper.

    3.Foldthebottomedgetothecreasethatgoesacrossthecenterofthepaper.

    4.Turnthepaperover.

    5.Foldtheslantededgestothemiddlecrease.

  • 6.Ontheleft,foldthebottomedgeup.

    7.Foldthehatinhalf.

    8a.Withamountainfold,pushthebottomedgeintothepocketformedbytwolayersofpaper.Thislocksthehattogether.

    8b.Twistthetopofthehatatanangle.

  • 9.CompletedSanta'sHat.Tomakethehatstandupspreadthebottomapart.

    Santa'sElves

    YoucanmakeanElfFingerPuppetwhenyoufoldSanta'sHatfroma4"(10cm)papersquare.Childrencanmakeseveralpuppetsandholdaconversationbetweenthem.Perhapstheycantalkaboutwhatgiftstheywouldliketoreceive.

  • ZAWADIGIFT(MESSAGERACK)AnorigamimessagerackwouldbeapossibleKwanzaagift.Althoughspiritualvaluesareemphasizedduring the festival, gifts called Zawadi (zah-WAH-dee), are exchanged. They are often handmade oreducational inkeepingwith theprincipleofkuumba(koo-OOM-ba),whichmeanscreativity.Messagescanbedepositedinthepocketsoftherack.

    Youneed:

    Apieceofpaper,81/2"x11(orA4)

    1a.Foldthepaperinhalftheshortway

    1b.Foldinhalfagain.

    1c.Foldinhalfathirdtime.

    1d.Unfoldthepapersothatitliesflat.

  • 2a.Placethecoloredsideofthepaperfaceup.Numberthesevencreases.

    2b.Valleyfoldcrease2andmountainfoldcrease3.

    2c.Valleyfoldcrease5andmountainfoldcrease6.

    3.Mountainfoldthefourcornersunder,asshown.

    4a.Mountainfoldthelongedgestotheback.

    4b.Turnthepaperover.

  • 5a.Foldinthetwobottomcorners.

    5b.Unfoldthem.

    6.Lockthepaperbypushingthecornersunderthefoldededge.Seethenextillustration.

    7.BackoftheMessageRack.Turnitover.

  • 8.CompletedMessageRack

    LargeMessageRackwithManyPockets

    By starting with a larger piece of paper you can make a Message Rack with more pockets to keepmessagesforeveryoneinthefamily.Almostanylargerectanglewilldo;Ihavemadeaverypracticaloneformyfamilyfromapieceofgiftwrap10"x20"(25cmx50cm)withfourpockets.Inthelowerpocketwekeepscratchpaperandattachapenforwritingmessages.

    InordertomakealargerMessageRack,inStep1,foldthepaperinhalffourtimes,insteadofthreetimes.

  • HOLIDAYCALENDARA Holiday Calendar helps contain children's impatient excitement by counting down every day inDecemberbeforeKwanzaa,Hanukkah,orChristmas.Foreachdaythecalendardisplaysapocket,whichisgluedonfoamboardorcardboard.Childrenopenoneofthepocketseachdaytofindanorigamiasahiddensurprise.

    ForChristmasmakeacalendarwith24pockets.ForKwanzaa,whichbeginsonDecember26,makeatotalof25pockets.ForHanukkah,whichdoesnotalwaysfallonthesamedayinthemonthofDecember,makeasmanypocketsasareneeded.

    PreparingHolidayCalendarsasgiftsisagoodfamily,classroom,oryouthgroupproject.

    Youneed:

    12papersquareswith51/2"(15cm)sides,inonecolor

    12papersquareswith41/4"(7cm)sides,inanothercolorFoamboardorstrongcardboard22"x14"(55cmx35cm)GlueDouble-sidedtape

    Ifthepaperiscoloredononlyoneside,beginwiththewhitesidefacingup.

    HOWTOMAKETHEPOCKETS

    Foldallofthesquaresinthesameway.

  • 1.Foldasquarefromcornertocorner.

    2a.Foldashortedgeofthetriangletothelongedge.

    2b.Unfoldit.

    3.Foldthecreaseyouhavejustmadeinhalf.

    4.Foldtheothercornerover.

  • 5.Folddownasinglelayerofthetopcornerandpushitintothepocketmadeinthepreviousstep.

    6.Foldthetopcornerdown.

    7.CompletedPocket

    HOWTOASSEMBLETHECALENDAR

    1a.Glueallpocketsontothefoamboardinaregularpatternoratrandom.Itisbesttoputablobofglueinthemiddleofthepocketratherthangluedownthewholeback.Thisallowsmoreroominthepocketfor

  • thesurprise.

    1b.Writethenumberforthedayonwhicheachpocketistobeopened.

    2.Openeachpocketbyliftingupthesinglelayerofpaper,andinserttheorigamigift.Thensealitshutwithdouble-sidedtape.

  • HANGINGORNAMENTThisdesignisveryeasytomakebutextremelyversatile.Asingleornamentcanbeusedasastar,threeinvaryingsizescanbestrungtogetherasamobile,ormanyofthemcanbescatteredtostandonthedinnertable.

    Glitteryfoilpapergives thebesteffect. Iusuallyglue twosquaresof foilgiftwrapback tobackforatwo-toneeffect.

    Youneed:

    A3"(8cm)squareofdouble-facedfoilpaper,orlarger

    Beginwiththestrongercolorofthepaperfacingup.

    1a.Foldasquarefromcornertocorner,inbothdirections.

    1b.Unfolditbothtimes.

  • 2.Foldthefourcornerstothecenter.

    3.Foldeachofthefourcornersfromthemiddleout,pasttheoutsideedge.

    4.Valleyfoldthepaperinhalf inbothdirections.Unfolditbothtimes.Thesecreasesbeginandendatcorners,whicharethecornersoftheoriginalsquare.Unfoldit.

  • 5.Maketwomountainfoldstotheback,asshown.Unfoldonlythefirstone.

    6.PushthepaperintothreedimensionsonthemountainandvalleyfoldsmadeinSteps4and5.

    7.CompletedHangingOrnament

    Star

    Suspendtheornamentfromacorner.

  • Mobile

    Makethreeornamentsfrom3",41/2"and6"(8cm,11cm,and14cm)squares.Stringthemtogetherinarow, through the center of the ornaments. Knot a small button under each ornament to keep it fromslipping.

  • DREIDELDuringtheeight-day-longHanukkahcelebration,Jewishchildrenliketoplayagamewithaspinningtop,calledadreidel.ItsfoursidesaredecoratedwithHebrewletters.

    You canmake origami dreidel decorations frompaper squares.They can be hung around the home orschool,ormadeintogiftsofnecklacesformembersofyourfamilyandfriends.

    Youneed:

    Apapersquare

    Ifpaperiscoloredononlyoneside,beginwiththewhitesidefacingup.

    1a.Foldthesquareinhalf.

    1b.Unfoldit.

  • 2.Foldtwocornerstothecreaseyoujustmade.

    3.Foldbothsidestothemiddlecrease.

    4.Foldthetopedgetothebottomcorner.

  • 5.Foldthepaperupagain,makingapleat.

    6a.Foldthecornersin,asshown.

    6b.Unfoldthem.

    7.Foldtheoutsideedgestothemiddle.Asyoudothis,letthesmalltrianglesspreadopenonthecreasesmadeinStep6.Seethenextdrawing.Sharpenallcreases.

  • 8.Turnthepaperover.

    9.CompletedDreidel

    TheHebrewLetters

    ThefourHebrewlettersshownonthefourdreidelsinthegarlandare:nun,gimmel,heh,andshin.Theyrepresentthewordsnesgodalhayasham,whichtranslatesinto"Agreatmiraclehappenedthere."ThisreferstothestoryoftheMaccabees,whichiscelebratedonHanukkah.

  • THETHREEKINGSAtChristmastimeyoucanmakeanorigamidisplayoftheThreeKingsfromtheEast.Theyfollowedabright star in the evening sky,which led them to themanger,where theyworshipedBaby Jesus.Theyarrived twelve days after his birth, bearing gifts of gold, frankincense, andmyrrh. (Frankincense andmyrrh are resins extracted from gum trees for producing incense and perfumes, which were rare andhighlyvalued.)InremembranceofthiseventtheFestivalofTheThreeKings,alsocalledtheEpiphany,iscelebratedonJanuary6th.

    Youneed:

    Three squares of origami paper in three different bright colors or gift wrap with smallpatterns,withsidesbetween6"and10"(15cmand25cm)ScrapsofpinkorbrownpaperandscrapsofgoldfoilpaperScissorsGlue

    FoldallThreeKingsinthesameway.Beginwiththecoloredsideofthepaperfacingup.

    1.Foldthesquareinhalf.

  • 2.Foldthetopcornertothefoldededge,firstonthefront,thenontheback.

    3.Foldthesideoveratanangle,firstonthefront,thenontheback.

    4a.Foldoutthebottomcornersoftherobetomakeastand.

    4b.Loosenthepapertoletthefigurestand.

    5.Cutafacefrompinkorbrownpaperandacrownfromgoldpaper.Gluethemtothetopoftherobe.

  • 6.CompletedThreeKings

  • CHRISTMASTREEYoucanmakeyourownChristmascardsbypastingatreetothefrontofafoldedpieceofstationeryorhandmadepaper.Orpastethreetreesindifferentsizesonagiftpackageforaspecialeffect.

    Youneed:

    Asquareofgreenpaper

    Ifpaperiscoloredononlyoneside,beginwithwhitesideofpaperfacingup.

    1.Foldthesquarefromcornertocorner.Unfoldit.

  • 2.Foldtwoedgestothecrease.

    3.InorigamilanguagethisshapeiscalledaKitebase.Foldupthebottomtriangle.

    4.Foldthecornerdown,makingapleat.

  • 5.Foldthetipofthecornerup.

    6.Turnthepaperover.

    7.CompletedChristmasTree

  • FESTIVENAPKINMuch care is usually taken to set a beautiful table for holidaymeals.You can add a festive touch byfoldingnapkinsintobutterflies.Placeafoldednapkinnexttoeachsetting,orputitinaglasswhenitwilladdheightwithoutcrowdingthespaceonthetabletop.

    Thefoldingpatternworkswellforpaperorclothnapkins,eveniftheyarenotexactlysquare.

    Youneed:

    Anapkin

    1.Foldthenapkinfromcornertocorner.

  • 2.Foldthetwooutsidecornerstothetopcorner.

    3.Foldthebottomcornerup,butnotallthewaytothetop.

    4.Foldthesamecornerdowntothebottomedge.

    5.Turnthenapkinoverfromfronttoback.

  • 6.Tucktherightsideintotheleftside,leavingthenapkinrounded.

    7.Turnthenapkinaround.

    8.Pullthetopcornerstotheoutside.

  • 9.CompletedFestiveNapkin

  • HOLIDAYWREATHManychildrenknowhowtomakeaFortuneTeller fromapieceofnotebookpaper.Here, sixof thesepopular toys are combined into a Holiday Wreath, suitable for Christmas, Hanukkah, and Kwanzaadecorating.

    Thefinishedwreathhasaninterestinginterdenominationalfeature.ItisobviouslyaChristmaswreath,butthe inside rim forms a six-pointed star, suitable for a Jewish Hanukkah decoration. For a Kwanzaawreath,usetwopiecesofconstructionpaperinred,twoinblack,andtwoingreen.

    Itisbesttousepaperthatiscoloredonbothsides.

    Youneed:

    6papersquaresGlue

    Foldallsixsquaresinthesameway.

    1a.Foldasquarefromcornertocorner,inbothdirections.

  • 1b.Unfolditbothtimes.

    2.Foldthefourcornerstothecenter.

    3.InorigamilanguagethisshapeiscalledaBlintzbase.Turnthepaperoverfromfronttoback.

    4.Foldthefourcornerstothecenteragain.

    5.Turnthepaperover.

  • 6.Mountainfoldthepapertothebackbothways,unfoldingthembothtimes.

    7.Slideyourthumbsandforefingersintothesquarepockets,asshown,andpressyourhandstowardeachother.

    8.YouhavenowmadeaclassicFortuneTeller.

    9a.Whenyouhave foldedall six squares,glue the sidesof twoFortuneTellers together.Eachside ismadeupoftwotriangles.

    9b.GlueallsixFortuneTellersinarow.Thenformacircleandgluethetwoendstogether.Tip:Holdthe

  • unitstogetherwithpaperclipswhiletheglueisdrying.

    10.CompletedHolidayWreath

  • MONEYFLOWERYoucanmakeaveryattractivegiftofmoneybyfoldingtwobillsofanydenominationintoaflower.ThefoldedbillsenclosetwoHershey'sKissesforastamenandareattachedtoastemoffloralwire.OfalltheorigamimodelsIgiveaway,thisisoneofthemostpopular.

    Youneed:

    2dollarbillsAgrocerystoretwisttieAtoothpick2Hershey'sKissesTwosmallpiecesofplasticwrapAn8"(20cm)longpieceoffloralwireGreenfloraltapeGreentissuepaperscrapsScissors

  • 1.Pleatonlythemiddleofeachdollarbill,upanddownlikeafan.

    2.Placethepleatedsectionsofthebillsnexttoeachotherandtiethemtogetherwiththetwisttie.

    3a.Spreadthefourendsofthebillsevenlyandformabowlshape.

    3b.Rolltheeightcornersofthebillsdiagonallyoverthetoothpick.

  • 4.PlacetheflatendsoftwoHershey'sKissestogether.Wraptheminplasticwrapandtwistitunderneath.Cutoffexcessplasticwrap1"(2cm)belowtheKisses.

    5.InserttheassembledKissesintothemiddleofthemoneyflower.Placeapieceofwirenexttothetwisttie.Wrapfloraltapetightlyaroundthetwisttie,plasticwrap,andwire.

    6a.Cutouttwoleavesfromgreentissuepaper.

    6b.Wrapfloraltapealongthewholelengthofthewire,stretchingitasyougo.Fixinthetwoleaves.

  • 7.CompletedMoneyFlower

    Optional

    Youcanglueonsmallpiecesoftapetokeeptheedgesofthebillsfromgaping.

  • PICTUREFRAMEFamily photos turn into inexpensive gifts when placed in origami frames. Choose black constructionpaperorgiftwrapwithsmallpatterns,whatevercomplementsthesubjectsofyourphotosbest.

    Youneed:

    A square of paper, with 8" (20 cm) sides. Thiswill fit a 6" x 4" (15 cm x 10 cm) phototrimmed to a 4" (10 cm) square.For any other photo sizes,make the sides of the squaretwiceaslongasthephotoyouplantoframe.

    Ifthepaperiscoloredononlyoneside,beginwiththecoloredsidefacingup.

  • 1a.Foldthesquareinhalfinbothdirections.

    1b.Unfolditbothtime.

    2.Foldthefourcornerstothecenter.

    3.InorigamilanguagethisshapeiscalledaBlintzbase.Turnthepaperoverfromfronttoback.

  • 4.Foldthefourcornerstothecenteragain.

    5.Turnthepaperover.

    6.Foldthecornersfromthecentertotheoutside.

  • 7.CompletedPictureFrame

    HowtoInsertthePicture

    Trimthephotographasnecessary.Checkthattheareayouwanttodisplayfitsintotheavailablespace.Opentheframetemporarilytoinsertthephotowithouthavingtobendit.

    PhotoStand

    Ifthepaperyouhaveusedisquitestiff, thebottomflapatthebackoftheframecanbepulledawaytomakethephotostandup.

  • TORAHSCROLLForunusualHanukkahdecorations,attachTorahScrollstogiftwraporsetthemonthedinnertable.

    Youneed:

    Apapersquare

    Ifpaperiscoloredononlyoneside,beginwiththecoloredsideup.

    1a.Foldthepaperinhalfbothways.

    1b.Unfolditeachtime.

  • 2.Foldtwooppositeedgestothemiddle.

    3.Makefourcreasesfromthecentertotheoutsidecorners,asshown.

    4.Turnthepaperover.

  • 5a.Ontheleftmakeacreasethroughthehighestandlowestpointsofthetriangles.

    5b.Repeatthisontheright.

    6.Doubleovertheedgestwiceontheleftandtwiceontheright.

  • 7.CompletedTorahScroll

    Optional

    Cutanarrowstripofpaperandwinditaroundthemiddleofthescroll.Tapeorgluethestriptogetherattheback.

  • CHRISTMASSTOCKINGSYoucanmakeChristmasStockingsastreeornamentsorearrings,foryourselforasgifts.

    Youneed:

    Apieceofpaper4"x51/2"(10cmx15cm)Goldthreadorornamentwirehook

    Ifpaperiscoloredononlyoneside,beginwiththewhitesideofthepaperfacingup.

    1.Foldthepaperinhalflengthwise.Unfoldit.

  • 2.Foldthebottomcornerstothemiddle,asshown.

    3.Turnthepaperover.

    4a.Foldthetopedgeoverforthewhitecuff.

    4b.Foldupthebottomcorner.

  • 5.Youhaveatriangleonthefront.Foldtheleftslantededgetothebottomedge.

    6.Unfoldit.

    7.RepeatSteps5and6ontheright.

    8.Pinchthetopofthetrianglebetweenyourthumbandforefingerandpushdowntomeetthecreasesyoujustmade.Seethenextdrawing.

  • 9.Rollthesidesofthepapertotheback.

    10.Overlaptheedgesbyslidingthetopandthebottomundertheoverlapsontheoppositeside.Ifyoulike,youcanholdthecufftogetherwithadabofglue.

    11.CompletedChristmasStocking

    Ornaments

    ChristmasStockingslookmoreimpressivewhentheyarepaired.Looptwotogetherbypiercingaholeontheleftsideofonestockingandontherightsideoftheother.

    Earrings

    For a pair of earrings fold two pieces of red origami paper 2" x 3" (5 cm x 8 cm) into ChristmasStockings.Pierceaholeontheleftsideofoneearringandontherightsideoftheother.Forpiercedearsattachearringwires.Fornon-piercedearsattachloopsofthreadtohangaroundeachear.

  • GIFTENVELOPEHere is theperfectwrapping for flatgiftsormoney.Thegift envelopecanbemade fromgiftwraporwallpaper.Wallpaperisnotsuitableformostorigami,butinthiscaseitworkswellbecausethefoldingis not too detailed.Wall-coveringmaterials made of paper and with the least amount of plastic holdcreasesbest.Homesupplystoreswilloftengiveawaysamplebooksforfree.

    Youneed:

    Apieceofgiftwrap,12"x20"(30cmxSOcm)

    Beginwiththewhitesideofthepaperfacingup.

    1a.Foldthepaperinhalfthelongway.

    1b.Unfoldit.

    1c.Foldtwocornerstothemiddlelineyoujustcreased.

  • 2.Foldthebottomedgeuptothetopcorner.

    3.Foldtheouteredgestothemiddle.

    4.FoldthebottomedgetocornersAandB.

    5.Tuckthetopflapbehindonelayerofthefrontpocket.

  • 6.Foldtheupperpartover.

    7.CompletedGiftEnvelope

    OtherSizes

    Youcanmaketheenvelopesmallerorlargertofitthesizeofyourgift,byincreasingordecreasingthesizeofthepieceofpaper.

    No-SewFabricPurse

    Maketheenvelopefromfabricinsteadofpaper.It'sagreatwaytomatchapursetoanyoutfit.

  • CANDLECandlescanbeusedinChristmas,Hanukkah,andKwanzaacelebrations.

    Youneed:

    Apieceofpaper11/2"x6"(3cmx15cm)

    Ifthepaperiscoloredononlyoneside,beginwiththewhitesidefacingup.

    1a.Foldthestripinhalf.Unfoldit.

    1b.Foldthetopcornerstothemiddle.

  • 2.Foldtheslantededgestothemiddle.

    3.Foldthepointedcornertothebottomedge.

    4.Foldupthepointedcorner.NotethatAendsuponB.

  • 5.Foldinthecornersatthebottomofthepleat.Notethattheydonotreachallthewaytothemiddle.

    6.Unfoldthesamecornersandtucktheminbetweenthetwolayersofpaper(reversefolds).

    7a.Foldtheslantededgestowardthemiddle,graspingonlyoneflap.

    7b.Foldthestraightoutsideedgesinabout1/4"(1/2"cm).

  • 8.CompletedCandle

  • KINARACANDLEHOLDERTheKinaraCandleHolderiscentral totheKwanzaacelebrationandsymbolizesAfricanancestors.Onthefirstnightusuallytheblackcandleislightedinthespiritofumojaorunity.Onemorecandleisaddedeachsubsequentnightoftheseven-daycelebration.

    Youneed:

    Astripofheavygoldfoilpaper,12"x3"(30cmx71/2cm)(ifnecessaryuseregularweightgoldfoilgiftwrapdoubled)

    Beginwiththecoloredsideofpaperfacingup.

    1.Foldstripinhalflengthwise.

    2.Foldfoldededgedown1/2(1cm).

    3.Foldthetwooutsidecornersuptothefoldededge,asshown.

  • 4.Swingthebacklayerofpaperovertothefront.

    5.CompletedKinaraCandleHolder

    AssemblingtheKinaraCandleHolder

    Makethreered,oneblack,and threegreenorigamicandles(seepreviousproject). Insert theminto thelongslit.Iftheytiltforward,cut1/8"offthelongedgeonthebacklayeroftheCandleHolder.

    Menorah

    ForHanukkah,makeaCandleHolderbutinsertnineorigamicandles.Onthefirstnightinsertacandleinthemiddleandoneattheend.Oneachofthesevensubsequentnightsaddonemorecandle.

  • SIX-POINTEDSTARASix-Pointed Star is always a popular decoration, but is also thewell-known symbol of the Jewishreligion,usuallycalledtheStarofDavid.Youcanfoldittodecorategreetingcardsandgiftpackagesortomakeearrings.

    Thelargeshadedtriangleshownonthenextpagehelpsyoupreparethetriangularpiecesofpaperwhichyouneedforfoldingthestar.Traceorphotocopythetriangleandcutitout.Thenuseitasatemplatetocutoutyourowntriangle.Eachcornercontainsa60-degreeangle.Youcanchoosebluepaper,whichistheIsraelinationalcolor,orothercolors.

    Youneed:

    FoilgiftwraporotherpaperApencilArulerScissors

    Ifthepaperiscoloredononlyoneside,beginwiththewhitesidefacingup.

  • 1.Traceorphotocopythelargeequilateraltriangleontoyourpaperandcutitout.

    2.Foldthetriangleinhalf,rightthroughthemiddleofonecorner.Unfolditandrepeatwiththeothertwocorners.

    3.Foldthetopcornertothebottomedge.

  • 4.Folditupagain,makingthecreasewhereallthelinescrossinthemiddleofthepaper.

    5.RepeatSteps2and3withtheothertwocorners.

    6.SlipthecorneroftriangleAundertriangleB.Thislocksthepaperandpreventsitfromunfolding.

  • 7.CompletedSix-PointedStar

  • TURKEYThebodyoftheTurkeyismadefromasquareofplaincoloredpaper.Thetailispleatedfromalongstripofcolorfulgiftwrap.Thiscanbeawonderfultabledecorationforyourholidaymeals.

    Youneed:

    A6"(15cm)squarefortheTurkeyAstripofgiftwrap,31/2"x15"(9cmx35cm)forthetailScissorsAstapler

    Ifthepaperiscoloredononlyoneside,beginwiththewhitesidefacingup.

    1a.Foldthesquarecornertocorner.

    1b.Unfoldit.

  • 2.Foldtheouteredgestothecreaseyoujustmade.

    3.Turnthepaperover.

    4.Foldthepaperinhalf

    5.Foldthecornertothebaselineforthehead.

  • 6.Mountainfoldthepaperinhalfthelongway.Theheadandneckwillbeontheoutside.

    7.Holdthebodylooselywithonehand.Withtheotherhand,pulltheneckup.Creasethefrontedgetokeeptheneckup.

    8a.Pulltheheadoutandmakeacreaseatthebackofthehead.

    8b.Foldthebottomcornerup,firstonthefront,thenontheback.

    9a. Twist the front of the head so that it points to the body and looks like thewattle. Tuck the tip inbetweenthetwolayersoftheneck.

  • 9b.BringthetwobottomcornerstotheoutsidetomaketheTurkeystand.

    10a.Pleatthestripofpaperbackandforthlikeafan.

    10b.Cutashortslitinthemiddleofthefan.

    10c.Staplethefantotheturkeywithhalfthefanoneachsideofthebody.Spreadthetopofthefan.

    11.CompletedTurkey

  • DOVECANDYDISHThedovesymbolizesthemessageofpeace,whichpervadestheholidayseason.TheBiblicalstoryaboutNoah'sArkrelatesthat,afterfortydaysofflooding,thedovebroughtthegoodnewsthatthewaterwasrecedingandlandwasreappearing.

    Youneed:

    ApapersquareAn8"(20cm)squareresultsina5"(13cm)candydish.

    Ifthepaperiscoloredononlyoneside,beginwiththecoloredsidefacingup.

    1a.Foldthesquarefromcornertocornerinbothdirections.

    1b.Unfolditeachtime.

  • 2.Foldallfouredgestooneofthecreasesinturn,unfoldingthepapereachtime.

    3a.PinchtheuppercornerbetweenyourthumbandforefingerandguidethepapersothatitmeetsthetwocreasesmadeinStep2.

    3b.Bendthecorner,whichisstillbetweenyourfingerstotheright.

    3c.RepeatSteps3aand3bwiththelowercorner.

    4.Mountainfoldtherightsideunder.Seethenextdrawing.

  • 5.InorigamilanguagethisshapeiscalledaFishbase.Withthefrontflaponly,foldtheleftcornerovertotheright.

    6.Turnthepaperover.

    7.Foldtheleftcornerover.Notethatthetipendsupwherethehiddenlayerofpaperpeeksacross.

    8.Foldthetipover.

    9.Mountainfoldthepaperinhalf,totheback.

  • 10.Holdthepaperwithonehand.Withtheotherhand,pulluptheneck.Tomakeitstayinplace,creasetheshort,slantededgeatthebottom.

    11a.Pulltheheadforwardandpressitflatatthebacktomakeitstayinplace.

    11b.Foldthebottomcornerstotheoutsidetomakeastandforthecandydish.

    11c.Openthewingswidetomakeroomforcandy.

    12.CompletedDoveCandyDish

  • SANTACLAUSOrigamiSantasmakegreattreeornaments,giftwrapattachments,andgreetingcards.

    Youneed:

    Apapersquare,redononesideandwhiteontheother

    Beginwiththeredsidefacingup.

    1a.Foldthesquareinhalf,bothways.Unfoldthepapersothatitliesflateachtime.

    1b.Turnthepaperover.

  • 2a.Foldthepaperfromcornertocornerandunfoldit.

    2b. Fold the paper from corner to corner in the other direction and leave it folded. Youwill have atriangle.

    3.Graspthepaperwithbothhandsatthefoldededgeintheexactpositionsshowninthedrawing.Moveyourhandstowardeachotheruntilthepaperisformedintoasmallertriangle.Placeitflatonthetable.

    4a.Makesure the trianglehas twoflapsoneachside. Ifyouhaveonlyoneflapononesideand threeflapsontheother,fliponeflapover.

    4b.Foldtheoutsideedgestothemiddle,onthefrontonly.

  • 5.FoldthebottomcornerstotheoutsidetoformSanta'sfeet.

    6.Turnthepaperover.

    7.Foldtheoutsidecornerstothetopcorner.

    8.Mountainfoldthesideedgesunder.

    9.Openthetwoflapstotheoutside.

  • 10.Foldthetwoedgesatthetoptothemiddle,tomakeSanta'shat.

    11a.Completethehatbypokingintothe"pockets"andpushingthemtotheoutside.Inorigamilanguagethisiscalledasquashfold.Seethenextdrawingfortheresult.

    11b.NarrowthesidesofSanta'scoatbymountainfoldingthecornerstotheback.

    12a.TwistthetopofSanta'shatintoatassel.

    12b.Makewhitefurtrimattheendsofbotharms:Pokeinbetweenthelayersofeacharmandfoldbackthecorner.

  • 13.Ontheleft,foldonearmdown.Ontheright,foldtheotherarmup.

    14.CompletedSantaClaus

    HoHoHo

    Youcandrawoneyesandglueonawhitecottonbeardandatassel.

  • KWANZAABOWLFillingbowlswith small personal gifts is a popular custom inmostKwanzaa celebrations.Handmadegifts are especially welcome because they symbolize the fruits of labor. Given this theme, it is veryappropriatetocraftthebowlfrompaper.Familymembersandfriendscanbeaskedtofillthemwithotherorigami,drawings,orpoemsaboutKwanzaa.

    Giftwrapandartpapersworkwell for thisbowl.Before foldinga full sizebowl, it's agood idea topracticewithasmallerpieceofpaper.

    Youneed:

    Apapersquare,with20"(50cm)sides

    Ifthepaperiscoloredononlyoneside,beginwiththewhitesidefacingup.

    1.Foldthesquarefromcornertocornerinbothdirections.Unfolditbothtimes.

  • 2.Foldallfourcornerstothecenter.

    3.InorigamilanguagethisshapeiscalledaBlintzbase.Foldthefourcornersfromthecenterouttotheedges.

    4.Turnthepaperover.

  • 5.Foldallfourcornerstothecenteragain.

    6.Foldthefouredgestothemiddle.Unfoldthemeachtime.

    7.Liftuponetriangularflap.

  • 8a.Valleyfoldtherightcornerandpushitovertothemiddle,butleavetheoutsidelayerofpaperalone.Amountainfoldformsonthediagonalcrease,andthepaperrisesup.

    8b.Nowfoldtheleftcornerovertothemiddleinthesameway.Thesetwofoldsleavetheflapraised.

    9a.Bringtheflapdown,lockinginbothcorners.Thesidesofthebowlwillbegintoform.

    9b.RepeatSteps8and9aattheoppositeend.

    10. Shape the bowl by curving the outside petals.Make the square box rounder by softening the fourcorners.

    11.CompletedKwanzaaBowl

    Sizes

    A20"(50cm)papersquareresultsina7"(18cm)bowl.Forfoldingsmaller4"(10cm)candydishes,beginwitha10"(25cm)square.

  • STAROFBETHLEHEMMostorigamistarshaveraysofequallengths,butIhavedesignedastarwithtwolongandtwoshortrays,toresemblethemoretraditionaldepictionoftheStarofBethlehem.YoucancombinethisstarwithTheThreeKingstomakeaChristmasscene.

    Youneed:

    AsquareoffoilpaperA6"(15cm)squareproducesa6"(15cm)starIfpaperiscoloredononlyoneside,beginwiththewhitesidefacingup.

    1a.Foldthesquarefromcornertocornerinbothdirections.Unfoldthepapersothatitliesflateachtime.

    1b.Turnthepaperover.

  • 2a.Foldthepaperinhalfandunfoldit.

    2b.Foldthepaperinhalftheotherwayandleaveitfolded.

    3.Graspthepaperwithbothhandsatthefoldededgeintheexactpositionsshowninthedrawing.Moveyourhandstowardeachotheruntilthepaperisformedintoasquare.Placeitflatonthetable.

    4a.Makesurethesquarehastwoflapsoneachside.Ifyouhaveonlyoneflapononesideandthreeflapsontheother,fliponeflapover.InorigamilanguagethisiscalledthePreliminaryorSquarebase.

    4b.Placethesquarewiththeclosedcornerawayfromyou.Foldtheouteredgesofthefrontflapstothemiddlecrease.

    4c.TurnthepaperoverandrepeatStep4bwiththetwoflapsontheback.

  • 5.Fold the triangleat the topforwardandback,bringing itback to itsoriginalposition.Thismakesahelpfulcreaseforthenextstep.

    6.Openthefrontflapslightly.Thisexposesthecornerofthepaper.LiftitupinthedirectionofthearrowandmakeavalleyfoldonthehelpfulcreaseyoumadeinStep5.

    7a.Theouteredgesofthepaperwillmovetothemiddleasyouproceedandwillformadiamondshape.

    7b.TurnthepaperoverandrepeatSteps6and7aontheback.

  • 8.InorigamilanguagethisshapeiscalledtheBirdbase.

    8a.Foldthefrontflapdown.

    8b.RepeatStep8aontheback.

    9.Foldthetopcornerdowntothecreaseonthefrontandunfoldit.Foldthesamecornertothecreaseonthebackandunfolditagain.

    10a. Let the paper open up, andmountain fold the four crease lines that form the small square in the

  • middle.

    10b.Then,foldthepaperintothepreviousshapeagain,butwithtopcornerhiddeninside.Seethenextdrawing.Thismoveiscalledasinkfold.

    11.Liftupthefrontandbackflaps.

    12a.Foldtherightflaptoleft,asifturningthepageofabook.

  • 12b.TurnthepaperoverandrepeatStep12aontheback,againfoldingfromrighttoleft.

    13.Foldupthefrontandbackflaps.

    14.Makearabbit'searwiththefrontflapbyfollowingthesemoves:

    Foldtheleftedgetothebottomedge.Unfoldit.

    15.Foldtherightedgetothebottomedge.Unfoldit.

  • 16a.Pinchthetopcornerbetweenyourthumbandforefingerandguideittotheright.Seenextdrawing.

    16b.Repeattherabbit'searonthebackflap.

    17.Foldoverthelongedgeoftherabbit'seartothemiddleonthefront.

    18a.Pokeinbetweenthetwolayersoftherabbit'searandpushtheundersideovertotheleft.Flattenittolooklikethenextdrawing.

    18b.RepeatSteps17and18aontheback.Inorigamilanguagethisiscalledasquashfold.

  • 19a.Reversefoldbothlongpoints.Firstfoldthemstraightouttothesides.

    19b.Foldbothpointsupagain.

    19c.Foldthemouttothesidesagain,butthistimereversethecentralcreaseintoavalleyfoldandguidethepapertolieinbetweenthemainlayersofpaper.

    20.Narrowthelongedgesofbothrays,bybringingthetopedgestothehorizontalloweredges.Startatthenarrowpointandtuckintheextraattheotherend,firstonthefront,thenontheback.

    21.Spreadthefourlongraysandfourshortraysevenly.

  • 22.CompletedStarofBethlehem

  • REINDEERYouwillfindmanyusesforthesereindeeronceyouknowhowtofoldthem.Theycanstandupastableormanteldecorationsortheycanbegluedongreetingcardsandposters.

    Youneed:

    A10"(25cm)papersquareTwo31/2"x1/2"(8cmx1cm)paperstripsScissors

    Ifpaperiscoloredononlyoneside,beginwiththecoloredsideofthepaperfacingup.

    1a.Foldthesquarefromcornertocornerinbothdirections.Unfoldthepapersothatitliesflateachtime.

    1b.Turnthepaperover.

  • 2a.Foldthepaperinhalfandunfoldit.

    2b.Foldthepaperinhalftheotherwayandleaveitfolded.

    3.Graspthepaperwithbothhandsatthefoldededgeintheexactpositionsshowninthedrawing.Moveyourhandstowardeachotheruntilthepaperisformedintoasquare.Placeitflatonthetable.

    4a.Makesurethesquarehastwoflapsoneachside.Ifyouhaveonlyoneflapononesideandthreeflapsontheother,fliponeflapover.InorigamilanguagethisshapeiscalledthePreliminaryorSquarebase.

    4b.Placethesquarewiththeopencornerawayfromyou.Foldtheouteredgesofthefrontflapstothemiddlecrease.Notethatthecreasesbeginattheopencorner.

    4c.TurnthepaperoverandrepeatStep4bwiththetwoflapsontheback.

  • 5.Foldthetriangleatthebottomforwardandback,endingupinitsoriginalposition.

    6.Flipthetwofrontflapsouttothesides.Repeatontheback.

    7a.Cutthefrontandbackflapsinhalf,downtothetriangle.

    7b.Folddownthetopcornersasfarasyoucanonthefrontandontheback.

  • 8.Foldthesidestothemiddle,firstonthefrontandthenontheback.

    9.Reversefoldtheheadandtailbyswingingthemdowninbetweenthemainlayersofpaper.

    10.ThisshowsStep9completed.

    11.Maketheantlersbyfoldingthetwostripsofpaperinhalflengthwise.

    12a.Spreadtheheadapart.

    12b.Tucktheendsoftheantlersinsidethepockets,onetotherightandtheothertotheleft.

    12c.Folduptheheadagain.

  • 13a.Reversefoldthenoseunder.

    13b.Zigzagfoldbothantlers.

    14.CompletedReindeer

  • ACKNOWLEDGEMENTSIoweadebtofgratitudetomanyfriendsintheinternationalorigamicommunitywho,overmanyyears,havealwaysbeenreadytosharetheirinterestinorigami.IwishIcouldnameeveryone,butregretthatisimpossible. Iwould like to thank thosewho have patiently participated in the time-consuming task oftesting the directions:Heather and JuliaAnderson, JohnAndrisan, JackieBooth, SharonBrengel, JimCowling,VAnnCornelius,CharlesdeStefano,EdEpps,SteveHecht,Judyjaskowiak,CathKachur,ZoeLehman,DanePetersen,NancyPetersen,LisaandMarkSaliers,YvonnePerez-Collins,ArlenePollock,ShoshanaResnikoff,DavidandMichaelSanchez,ArnoldTubis,membersofOrigamiSanDiego,and,ofcourse,mygrandchildren,TylerandYolandaAnyon;ErinHook;DennisandJanetTemko;David,Perri,andRachelTemko.

  • CopyrightContentsIntroductionAbout Origami TechniquesFour Important SymbolsThree ProceduresHow to Cut Paper SquaresHelpful TipsAbout Paper

    About Christmas, Hanukkh, and KwanzaaFAQ (Frequently Asked Questions)ProjectsIcicleSnowflake CardSanta's Hat DecorationZawadi Gift (Message Rack)Holiday CalendarHanging OrnamentDreidelThe Three KingsChristmas TreeFestive NapkinHoliday WreathMoney FlowerPicture FrameTorah ScrollChristmas StockingsGift EnvelopeCandleKinara Candle HolderSix-Pointed StarTurkeyDove Candy DishSanta ClausKwanzaa BowlStar of BethlehemReindeer

    AcknowledgementsBack Cover