On-line condition monitoring value for present and ?· On-line condition monitoring value for present…

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  • IEEE Activities Related to Online Condition Monitoring

    C r a i g P r e u s s I E E E P E S S U B S C 0 C h a i r p r e u s s c m @ b v. c o m

    On-line condition monitoring value for present and future grids

  • IEEE

    Power & Energy Society (PES)

    Substations Committee

    SCC0 SCADA

    SCD0 T&D Sub Design

    SCE0 T&D Sub

    Ops

    SCIO HV Power Electronics

    SCK0 GIS

    13 Committees

    39 Societies

    2

  • Electric Machinery

    Energy Development & Power Generation

    Power System Communications

    Power System Analysis, Computing and Economics

    Power System Instrumentation and Measurements

    Power System Relaying

    Stationary Battery

    Substations

    Surge Protective Devices

    Switchgear

    Transformers

    Transmission & Distribution

    Hydroelectric Power International Practices

    Comp & Analytical Methods

    Dist. System Analysis

    Intelligent Systems

    Rel, Risk and Prob Apps

    System Economics

    Capacitor Distribution

    Power & Energy Society (PES) 3

  • C1-- IED Cyber Secur. 1686 C2 Environment Tests 1613 C3--SCADA & Auto C37.1 C4--Time Tag C37.237

    SCC0 SCADA

    D1--Elec Clearance 1427 D2--Cable System 525 D3--Bus Design 605 D4--Seismic 693

    SCD0 T&D Sub Design

    E1--Community Accpt 1127 E2--Oil Spill 980 E3--Fire Prot 979 E4--Mobile Eqpmt 1268 & Temp Grounds 1246

    SCE0 T&D Sub Ops

    I0--HVDC Comssg 1378 & HVDC Reliability 1240 I1--MV Series 1585 & MV Shunt 1623 I2--Series Caps 1534 I4--SVC Spec 1031 & Field Tests 1303

    SCIO HV Power Electronics

    K1-- 52 kV C37.122 K3-- 1-52 kV C37.122.2 K4--SF6 Handling C37.122.3 K5--GIL Appl Guide C37.122.4

    SCK0 GIS

    4

    C5--Function Nos. C37.2 C6-- Crypto Protocol 1711 C7-- Time Synch C37.238 C8--Network Design 1615

    C9--Time Perform 1646 C12--DNP3 1815 C13--Test Methods C37.115 C14--DNP361850 1815.1

    C15--61850 Implem 2030.100 C16--IPSEC 2030.102.1 C17--Serial Crypto 1711.3

    D5--Lightning Shield 998 D6--Flexible Bus 1527 D7--Grounding 80 D8--Turnkey Sub 1267 D9--AC/DC System P1818

    C5--Function Nos. C37.2 C6-- Crypto Protocol 1711 C7-- Time Synch C37.238 C8--Network Design 1615

    I5-- VSC Guideline I8--PEBB 1676 & P1821 I9--SVC protection

    K7--Bushings C37.017 K8--SF6 Moist C37.122.5 K9--GIS Equip Interface C37.122.6 K11--User Guide C37.122.1

    K12--Spec Guide C37.123

    Substations Committee

  • 5

    SCC0 Data

    Acquisition, Processing, and Control

    Systems

    DRAFT SCOPE The subcommittee and its working groups and task forces are responsible for treatment of all matters relating to data acquisition, processing and control systems within substations. These systems include transducers, Intelligent Electronic Devices (IEDs), Human Machine Interfaces (HMIs), and communication networks. These matters include the low-level interfaces to and protocols communicating locally and remotely with these systems. Cyber and physical security and the environmental phenomena that can adversely affect these systems are included. The subcommittee supports similar work being done in other standards development organizations working on smart substations.

  • 6

    C0

    1613 Env and Test Reqs for Comm. Ntwk Devs in Electric Power Subs P1613.1 Env and Test Reqs for Comm. Ntwk Devs in T&D Facilities P1615 Network Communications in Substations 1646 Comm. Delivery Time Performance Requirements for SA P1686 Substation IED Cyber Security Standards P1711.2 Serial SCADA Protection Protocol (SSPP) P1711.3 Secure SCADA Communications Protocol (SSCP) 1815 Electric Power Systems Comms - DNP3 P1815.1 Exchanging info between IEC 61850 and IEEE Std 1815 (DNP3) PC37.1 SCADA and Automation Systems PC37.2 Device Function Numbers, Acronyms, and Contact Designations C37.115 Test Method for Use in the Eval of Msg Comms between IEDs in SA PC37.237 Time Tagging for IEDs COMTAG PC37.238 Profile for Use of IEEE Std. 1588 PTP in Power System Applications PC37.240 Cyber Security Requirements for SA P2030.100 Implementing IEC 61850 Substation Automation Systems P2030.101 Design and Implmtion of Time Synch Dist Systems for SA P2030.102.1 Interoperability of IPSEC Utilized within Utility Control Systems

  • Provides environmental requirements for condition monitoring IEDs inside substations

    1613

    Provides environmental requirements for condition monitoring IEDs outside substations

    P1613.1

    Recommends how to design networks that connect condition monitoring IEDs to a SAS

    P1615

    Provides communication message time performance requirements for condition monitoring IEDs

    1646

    Provides specific cyber security requirements for condition monitoring IEDs to implement

    P1686

    7

  • Provides a means to secure condition monitoring IEDs using serial communications

    P1711.2 and P1711.3

    Provides a standard communication protocol for condition monitoring IEDs to use

    1815

    Provides a means to map condition monitoring data from DNP3 or IEC 61850 and vice versa

    P1815.1

    Provides approach for designing a SAS that includes condition monitoring IEDs

    PC37.1

    Provides device numbers and acronyms for application to condition monitoring IEDs

    PC37.2

    8

  • Provides test methods for determining condition monitoring IED communication message performance

    C37.115

    Provides time stamping requirements for condition monitoring IEDs so performance requirements can be tested

    PC37.237

    Provides condition monitoring IEDs with a highly accurate time source (sub microsecond)

    PC37.238

    Provides a methodology for utilities to evaluate cyber security requirements for systems containing condition monitoring IEDs

    PC37.240

    Provides guidance on issues surrounding the implementation of a 61850-based SAS that may include condition monitoring devices

    P2030.100

    9

  • Provides time synchronization requirements for condition monitoring IEDs and how to properly design that time synchronization system

    P2030.101

    Provides a standard implementation of IPSEC for systems that include condition monitoring systems

    P2030.102.1

    10

  • So, Wheres the Model? 11

  • IEC 61850-90-3

    Using IEC 61850 for condition monitoring diagnosis and analysis GIS Transformer LTC Underground cables Transmission lines Aux power systems

    Second draft out for comment 9/20/2013

    12

  • A Perfect Storm

    Recent visit to an American client implementing transformer monitoring

    PEAC 2014 case study on transformer monitoring Canadian utility paper on

    implementing transformer monitoring

    NERC CIP v5

    13

  • A Tale of Two Monitoring Systems

    Both have dedicated data concentrators to collect data from monitoring IEDs One in the control house One in a transformer cabinet

    Both have fiber to transformer One has a cable of two strands of fiber One has a twelve strand cable terminated to patch

    panels Protocols

    Both use DNP3, one TCP/IP the other serial One also uses Modbus TCP

    14

  • A Tale of Two Monitoring Systems Integration

    One sends data back to SCADA with a local HMI for transformer alarms

    One will only be polled by SCADA so data can get to a historian

    One uses local I/O and IEDs, the other uses just IEDs Both collect data from gas monitor, temperature monitor,

    bushing monitor; one adds an LTC controller Security

    Both provide no security between the control house and transformer cabinet equipment

    One is disconnected because of NERC CIP concerns

    15

  • Observations

    Both implemented transformer monitoring systems as mini-SCADA systems (mini-SAS)

    Both see transformer monitoring as non-critical from a security standpoint Isolated networks No understanding of how their systems can be

    leveraged for cyber and/or infrastructure attacks

    16

  • Observations

    NERC CIP v5 BES Cyber Assets Cyber Assets that, if rendered unavailable, degraded,

    or misused, would adversely impact the reliable operation of the BES within 15 minutes of compromise.

    Discrete assets can be combined into systems whose impact is designated as high, medium, or low impact based upon specific functions or point system

    Neither used concepts or processes in IEEE C37.1 to create their designs

    Use of Modbus is still prevalent in condition monitoring devices

    17

  • What is missing or can be improved ? On-line Condition Monitoring Value for Present and Future Grids

    Standards or guides Utilities have standards developed in IEEE PES

    SUBS to help with condition monitoring system design and device requirements

    IEC 61850-90-3 is developing models Monitoring systems being installed today can

    benefit from IEEE Std C37.1 Vendors can use requirements to add or improve

    functionality in their devices

    On-line condition monitoring value for present and future gridsSlide Number 2Slide Number 3Slide Number 4Slide Number 5Slide Number 6Slide Number 7Slide Number 8Slide Number 9Slide Number 10So, Wheres the Model?IEC 61850-90-3A Perfect StormA Tale of Two Monitoring SystemsA Tale of Two Monitoring SystemsObservationsObservationsWhat is missing or can be improved ?On-line Condition Monitoring Value for Present and Future Grids

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