North and South.  The American Colonization Society proposed to end slavery by establishing an independent colony in Africa for freed slaves. In 1822,

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<ul><li> Slide 1 </li> <li> North and South </li> <li> Slide 2 </li> <li> The American Colonization Society proposed to end slavery by establishing an independent colony in Africa for freed slaves. In 1822, President Monroe founded the nation of Liberia in Africa </li> <li> Slide 3 </li> <li> Slide 4 </li> <li> Abolitionist were those people opposed to slavery that wanted it abolished or done away with. Many wealthy free African Americans gave a lot of money for the cause, as well as some wealthy white. </li> <li> Slide 5 </li> <li> The most famous of the African American abolitionist was Frederick Douglass. As a child, he defied the Slave codes and taught himself how To read. Later he would escape to the North (Boston) and become the Leading speaker on the evils of slavery. And the need for freedom. In 1847, he Would begin publishing the North Star, an Anti-slavery newspaper. </li> <li> Slide 6 </li> <li> Leading white abolitionists included William Lloyd Garrison, a fiery Outspoken man who published the Liberator </li> <li> Slide 7 </li> <li> Angelina and Sarah Grimke, think primary Source reading, were Daughters of South Carolina slave holders, Lectured on the morality (or lack of) slavery. </li> <li> Slide 8 </li> <li> Harriet Tubman was The greatest conductors Of the Underground Railroad. </li> <li> Slide 9 </li> <li> The Underground Railroad would aid Escaped slaves through the stations to The North and finally Canada, to escape Fugitive Slave Laws and gain freedom. </li> <li> Slide 10 </li> <li> The Missouri Compromise Was basically an agreement To keep the balance of free And slave states. Henry Clay suggested admitting Missouri as a slave state and Maine as a free state. </li> <li> Slide 11 </li> <li> It also drew an imaginary line Through the west at Missouris Southern border at 36*/30*N. This line would show that slavery Would be permitted south of this Line and banned north of the line. Missouri would be the exception. </li> <li> Slide 12 </li> <li> The issue of slavery spreading Into western lands was a hot topic. The Wilmot Proviso called for a law To ban slavery in lands taken from Mexico. The House passed the act But the Senate defeated it. </li> <li> Slide 13 </li> <li> The events of the Mexican War would fuel the idea of sectionalism. In many cases the North and South were like two different worlds with much disdain for one another. Moderates of the time supported the idea of popular sovereignty or let the people of the region decide by their vote. </li> <li> Slide 14 </li> <li> In 1848, anti slavery members of The Democratic and Whig parties Founded the Free Soil Party. The Their slogan was free soil, free Speech, free labor and free men. The main goal of the party was to Keep slavery out of the west. </li> <li> Slide 15 </li> <li> Most were not abolitionist And did not call for an end to Slavery in the South. Zachary Taylor, the Mexican War hero Won the election, but 13 Free Soilers won seats in Congress Which elevates the issue of Slavery to a national issue. </li> <li> Slide 16 </li> <li> Slide 17 </li> <li> The Gold Rush in California and The call to admit California as a Free state, along with fears that Other territories such as Utah and Oregon would as well. Heated Debates and the rumblings of Secession, place a silent call for the Great Compromiser, Henry Clay to find a solution. </li> <li> Slide 18 </li> <li> The feud between Clay and John C. Calhoun of South Carolina made it seem as if No compromise would be Reached and if the North Would not agree to the Souths demands their would Be a parting or secession. </li> <li> Slide 19 </li> <li> Slide 20 </li> <li> In 1850, John Calhoun would die and Daniel Webster would push for a compromise. Henry Clay set up the Compromise of 1850. which included 1. California would enter the Union as a free state. 2. Divided the rest of the Mexican cession into the territories of Utah and New Mexico, voters in each territory would decide the issue of slavery by popular soverignty. </li> <li> Slide 21 </li> <li> 3. It ended slavery in Washington D.C. 4. It included a strict Fugitive Slave law. 5. It settled the border dispute between New Mexico and Texas. 6. It no, I guess thats it! </li> <li> Slide 22 </li> <li> Required all citizens help tp Catch runaway slaves. People That allowed slaves to escape Could be fined $1000. and Jailed six months. The law Enraged anti-slavery Northerners by making them Responsible to catch runaway Slaves, linking them to the Slave system. </li> <li> Slide 23 </li> <li> Uncle Toms Cabin by Harriet Beecher Stowe Created a huge stir. The Novel showed the evils of Slavery and the injustices of The Fugitive Slave laws. </li> <li> Slide 24 </li> <li> Abolitionists in the North were Enlivened and the majority of The people in the North beginning To feel they could no longer ignore Slavery. Critics stated that the novel Did not give an accurate picture of What slave life was really like and it Is true that Stowes exposure to slaves Was quite limited. </li> <li> Slide 25 </li> <li> The Kansas-Nebraska Act Knowing that the south Would reject another free State addition, it was Proposed to split the large Nebraska territory into two Territories Kansas and Nebraska and that each Territory could decide the Issue of slavery by popular Sovereignty - all Stephen Douglasss idea. </li> <li> Slide 26 </li> <li> The South was happy as They felt people from Neighboring Missouri Would move in and Create a slave state. People in the North were Outraged as the Missouri Compromise had already Banned slavery in this area. </li> <li> Slide 27 </li> <li> The effect of the act led factions from Both groups to Kansas and created the Situation known as Bleeding Kansas. The Territory was marred by voting Fraud, bullying, and the formation of two Legislatures, one pro- slavery and one Anti-slavery. Pro-slavery forces went and Trashed Lawrence, destroying homes and The Free Soil Newspaper press. </li> <li> Slide 28 </li> <li> Slide 29 </li> <li> John Brown led a party of Anti-slavery men to Pottawatomie where they drug Five men out into the middle of The night and murdered them. This led to both sides engaging In guerilla warfare. </li> <li> Slide 30 </li> <li> Charles Sumner denounces Pro-slavery legislature of Kansas And bad mouths elderly Senator Andrew Butler of South Carolina. He wasnt there, but a few days later, His nephew, Congressman Preston Brooks went tot the Senate and beat Sumner senseless with a cane. Ahh, The golden age of the genteel South. </li> <li> Slide 31 </li> <li> The Dred Scot Decision Scot, a slave Living free in Illinois and Wisconsin Moves back to Missouri with the Owner, who then dies. Lawyers argue That since Scot had lived in a free state He was a free man. The Court said that Scot could not file a lawsuit as a slave Because he was not a citizen. The Court Went on to say that slaves were property. </li> <li> Slide 32 </li> <li> It also went on to say that Congress did not have the power To outlaw slavery in any territory Meaning the Missouri Compromise Was unconstitutional. Can you say Judicial Review? </li> <li> Slide 33 </li> <li> The Republican party was formed from A group of Free Soilers, anti-slavery Whigs, Northern Democrats and Oddlots At a party convention in Michigan. There goal was to stop the spread of Slavery. </li> <li> Slide 34 </li> <li> As to slavery, Stephen Douglas Wanted to settle issue by letting States and people decide in each State, or popular sovereignty. Lincoln wanted to stop the spread Of slavery to the west, but allow it To remain in areas that already had It. </li> <li> Slide 35 </li> <li> John Brown went to raid the arsenal Thinking slaves would rebel if armed. The slaves did not know about the raid And Brown is captured easily. He sits Quietly while being tried and Convicted and is put to death. The South is jubilant and the North sees Brown as a martyr. </li> <li> Slide 36 </li> <li> He wanted to draw a line to the Pacific enforcing the Missouri Compromise and add an Unamendable amendment to the Constitution making slavery legal. The compromise bill received little Support. </li> <li> Slide 37 </li> <li> The original states that secede are South Carolina (the first), Alabama, Florida, Mississippi, Louisiana, Georgia, and Texas. Jefferson Davis Will be chosen as the President. </li> <li> Slide 38 </li> <li> Lincolns goals for the nation Were to preserve the Union and Avoid war. </li> <li> Slide 39 </li> </ul>

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