Lit. & Comp.- Introduction to Non-Fiction
Non-Fiction Writing Content- Factual, verifiable, true
Types of: Essays & Textbooks Biographies & Autobiographies Memoirs & Journals & Letters Newspaper & Magazine articles Speeches & Addresses
Conflict A struggle between opposing forces
What is the real world problem/lack/need that motivates the author to write?
When you figure out the conflict you can usually find insight to the authors PURPOSE
Voice Objective: Writer tries to report facts with as few personal opinions as possible. Argument appears to have complete & balanced evidence
Subjective: Writer presents his/her personal opinions & feelings about the facts. Evidence does NOT typically reflect all sides of the issue May seem purely emotional
Target Audience Consider WHOM the author had in mind when he/she wrote the piece/text?
What portion of the readers will be in a position to make a difference as a result of reading the text?
PurposeConsider What is the intended effect of the text on the audience? What is the author trying to do with the text?
Is the author trying to Persuade Inform / Instruct Entertain / Amuse
Types of Appeals Ethos = appeal to/focus on the authors credibility
Pathos = appeal to the emotions
Logos = appeal to logic and reason using examples
Tone A writers attitude toward his/her subject
Use any ADJECTIVE describing FEELING to identify tone
For example: Writing to entertain may have a HUMOROUS tone Reflecting on a memory may have a SORROWFUL tone