Modularisation The Next Step - Presentation by Bill Meyer, Foster Wheeler USA Corporation

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This presentation by William (Bill) Meyer explores the past trends of modularisation, the cost and benefits of modularisation, optimising module sizes and the future of modularisation.

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1.Modularisation The Next StepWilliam (Bill) Meyer - Director Project Execution DevelopmentB.E. (Civil) Hons., MBA. Foster Wheeler USA Corporation Houston, Texas. william_meyer@fwhou.fwc.com Bill Meyer 2011 FOSTER WHEELER. All rights reserved. Feb 20112. Modularisation The Next StepTopics1. Where is modularisation going? Is there a trend?2. What is the optimum size of module? Are larger modules better?3. What impacts are tomorrows modules likely to have on construction?Bill Meyer 2011 FOSTER WHEELER. All rights reserved. Feb 2011 3. Modularisation The Next StepAgenda1. Introduction2. Historical Perspective Past Trends3. Understanding why Cost / benefit and decision process4. Optimising module sizes5. Summary6. Q & ABill Meyer 2011 FOSTER WHEELER. All rights reserved. Feb 2011 4. Modularisation The Next StepAccentAustralianUniversity of MelbourneBachelor of Engineering (Civil) HonorsMBAWork as specialist Heavy Lift and Transport contractorVice President Mammoet USA Foster Wheeler Engineering, Procurement, Construction contractorDirector Project Execution DevelopmentFocus on major project construction execution and project managementBill Meyer 2011 FOSTER WHEELER. All rights reserved. Feb 2011 5. Modularisation The Next Step Global Engineering andFoster Wheeler Construction Contractor and Power Equipment Supplier In business for over 100 years Strong history in technology development Proven track record of successful project execution A global presence Over 13,000 resources Permanent offices in 28 countries Financially strongBill Meyer 2011 FOSTER WHEELER. All rights reserved.Feb 2011 6. Modularisation The Next Step BogotaRegistered Office & Corporate CenterOperating Unit HQs and/or Main Engineering CenterRegional/Local Engineering CenterSales OfficesBill Meyer 2011 FOSTER WHEELER. All rights reserved. Feb 2011 7. Modularisation The Next StepTopics1. Introduction2. Historical Perspective Past Trends3. Understanding why Cost / benefit and decision process4. Optimising module sizes5. Summary6. Q & ABill Meyer 2011 FOSTER WHEELER. All rights reserved. Feb 2011 8. Modularisation The Next StepHistorical Perspective past trendsStatoil Mongstad Norway - 1988221 modules975 tonnes max module6 module yardsBill Meyer 2011 FOSTER WHEELER. All rights reserved. Feb 2011 9. Modularisation The Next StepHistorical Perspective past trendsStatoil Mongstad Norway - 1988221 modules975 tonnes max module6 module yardsSchedule drivenBill Meyer 2011 FOSTER WHEELER. All rights reserved. Feb 2011 10. Modularisation The Next StepHistorical Perspective past trendsMobil Coryton UK - 1993Isomerisation unit58 Modules to 350 tonnesBarge delivery from oneEuropean fabricatorBill Meyer 2011 FOSTER WHEELER. All rights reserved. Feb 2011 11. Modularisation The Next StepHistorical Perspective past trendsMobil Coryton UK - 1993Isomerisation unit58 Modules to 350 tonnesBarge delivery from oneEuropean fabricatorSchedule drivenBill Meyer 2011 FOSTER WHEELER. All rights reserved. Feb 2011 12. Modularisation The Next StepHistorical Perspective past trendsExxonMobil Singapore Aromatics - 1996213 modules 26,875 tonnes total1150 tonnes max7 module yards39 barge voyagesSchedule drivenBill Meyer 2011 FOSTER WHEELER. All rights reserved. Feb 2011 13. Modularisation The Next StepHistorical Perspective past trendsInco Goro New Caledonia - 2006Nickel mine and ore processing plant599 modules600 tonnes max2 main moduleyardsBill Meyer 2011 FOSTER WHEELER. All rights reserved. Feb 2011 14. Modularisation The Next StepHistorical Perspective past trendsInco Goro New Caledonia - 2006Nickel mine and ore processing plant599 modules600 tonnes max2 main moduleyardsCost drivenBill Meyer 2011 FOSTER WHEELER. All rights reserved. Feb 2011 15. Modularisation The Next StepHistorical Perspective past trendsThe Woodside-operated NWSV Phase VLNG Expansion Australia 200775 modules1,800 tonnes maxPluto currently nearing completionBill Meyer 2011 FOSTER WHEELER. All rights reserved. Feb 2011 16. Modularisation The Next StepHistorical Perspective past trendsThe Woodside-operated NWSV Phase VLNG Expansion Australia 200775 modules1,800 tonnes maxPluto currently nearing completionCost and schedule drivenBill Meyer 2011 FOSTER WHEELER. All rights reserved. Feb 2011 17. Modularisation The Next StepHistorical Perspective past trends1.Pre circa 2000, main reason to go modular was for schedulebenefits2.More recently, cost benefits have been the aim Bill Meyer 2011 FOSTER WHEELER. All rights reserved. Feb 2011 18. Modularisation The Next StepTopics1. Introduction2. Historical Perspective Past Trends3. Understanding why Cost / benefit and decision process4. Optimising module sizes5. Summary6. Q & ABill Meyer 2011 FOSTER WHEELER. All rights reserved. Feb 2011 19. Modularisation The Next StepViable Modular ExecutionBenefits > Price you have to pay for those Benefits Bill Meyer 2011 FOSTER WHEELER. All rights reserved. Feb 2011 20. Modularisation The Next StepViable Modular ExecutionBenefits > Price you have to pay for those BenefitsANDRisk of NOT achieving those Net Benefits is Low, Manageable &Risk Goals are Achievable Bill Meyer 2011 FOSTER WHEELER. All rights reserved. Feb 2011 21. Modularisation The Next StepModular Execution Benefits can be:1. Cost reductions Bill Meyer 2011 FOSTER WHEELER. All rights reserved. Feb 2011 22. Modularisation The Next StepModular Execution Benefits can be:1. Cost reductions2. Schedule reductions Bill Meyer 2011 FOSTER WHEELER. All rights reserved. Feb 2011 23. Modularisation The Next StepModular Execution Benefits can be:1. Cost reductions2. Schedule reductionsProfitCompliance Bill Meyer 2011 FOSTER WHEELER. All rights reserved. Feb 2011 24. Modularisation The Next StepModular Execution Benefits can be:1. Cost reductions2. Schedule reductions3. Safety enhancements Bill Meyer 2011 FOSTER WHEELER. All rights reserved. Feb 2011 25. Modularisation The Next StepModular Execution Benefits can be:1. Cost reductions2. Schedule reductions3. Safety enhancements4. Quality enhancements Bill Meyer 2011 FOSTER WHEELER. All rights reserved. Feb 2011 26. Modularisation The Next StepModular Execution Benefits can be:1. Cost reductions2. Schedule reductions3. Safety enhancements4. Quality enhancements5. Reduced impact on Society Bill Meyer 2011 FOSTER WHEELER. All rights reserved. Feb 2011 27. Modularisation The Next StepModular Execution Benefits can be:1. Cost reductions2. Schedule reductions3. Safety enhancements4. Quality enhancements5. Reduced impact on Society6. Reduced impact on Environment Bill Meyer 2011 FOSTER WHEELER. All rights reserved. Feb 2011 28. Modularisation The Next StepModular Execution Benefits can be:1. Cost reductions2. Schedule reductions3. Safety enhancements4. Quality enhancements5. Reduced impact on Society6. Reduced impact on Environment7. And many more Bill Meyer 2011 FOSTER WHEELER. All rights reserved. Feb 2011 29. Modularisation The Next StepDecision Analysis Modular or Stick built?Bill Meyer 2011 FOSTER WHEELER. All rights reserved. Feb 2011 30. Modularisation The Next StepTiming is CriticalEvaluate Module Options Modular Execution DecisionProjectPhase FEL 1 ConceptualFEL 2 Assess FEL 3Define FEL 4Execution FEL 5EvaluationBill Meyer 2011 FOSTER WHEELER. All rights reserved. Feb 2011 31. Modularisation The Next Step e.g. OSBL piping in existing racksMajor storage tanksBill Meyer 2011 FOSTER WHEELER. All rights reserved. Feb 2011 32. Modularisation The Next StepBill Meyer 2011 FOSTER WHEELER. All rights reserved. Feb 2011 33. Modularisation The Next StepBill Meyer 2011 FOSTER WHEELER. All rights reserved. Feb 2011 34. Modularisation The Next StepBill Meyer 2011 FOSTER WHEELER. All rights reserved. Feb 2011 35. Modularisation The Next StepSite Survey includes LabourAvailability, productivity, quality,craft availability, cost, other projectsin area, union impacts, regional /political issues etcBill Meyer 2011 FOSTER WHEELER. All rights reserved. Feb 2011 36. Modularisation The Next StepLabour Productivity80007000600050004000300020001000 0 4 2 0 8 6 4 1224 3646 5050 5056 6472 8088960 10 11 12 12 13 14Graph 1 - Labor vs time (% of project schedule) Direct hour impact if productivityshortfall of trainees Bill Meyer 2011 FOSTER WHEELER. All rights reserved.Feb 2011 37. Modularisation The Next StepResult of productivity shortfall7000600050004000300020001000 0420864 1224 3646 5050 5056 6472 8088 96 0101112121314Graph 2 - Labor vs time (% of project schedule) Schedule impact if productivityshortfall of trainees Bill Meyer 2011 FOSTER WHEELER. All rights reserved. Feb 2011 38. Modularisation The Next StepSkilled Labour Availability Move manhours Offsite70006000Move manhours offsite to5000pre-cast, pre-fab, pre-assembly and modules4000300020001000 0420864 1224 36 465050 505664 728088 960101112121314Graph 4 - Labor vs time (% of project schedule) Manhours moved offsite Bill Meyer 2011 FOSTER WHEELER. All rights reserved. Feb 2011 39. Modularisation The Next StepSite Survey includes Labour Weather impactsBill Meyer 2011 FOSTER WHEELER. All rights reserved.Feb 2011 40. Modularisation The Next StepSite Survey includes Labour Weather impacts LogisticsOn site and to site, route surveys,from fabrication yard, cost andtechnical capabilities, laydownareasBill Meyer 2011 FOSTER WHEELER. All rights reserved.Feb 2011 41. Modularisation The Next StepSite access restrictions can limit size of modules that can be delivered to site Bill Meyer 2011 FOSTER WHEELER. All rights reserved. Feb 2011 42. Modularisation The Next StepLogistics are project specific - Some sites have their own ports Bill Meyer 2011 FOSTER WHEELER. All rights reserved. Feb 2011 43. Modularisation The Next StepLogistics are project specific - others are road access onlyBill Meyer 2011 FOSTER WHEELER. All rights reserved. Feb 2011 44. Modularisation The Next StepSite Survey includes Labour Weather impacts Logistics Environmental impactBill Meyer 2011 FOSTER WHEELER. All rights reserved.Feb 2011 45. Modularisation The Next StepSite Survey includes Labour Weather impacts Logistics Environmental impact SafetyBill Meyer 2011 FOSTER WHEELER. All rights reserved.Feb 2011 46. Modularisation The Next StepSite Survey includes Labour Weather impacts Logistics Environmental impact Safety Permit issuesBill Meyer 2011 FOSTER WHEELER. All rights reserved.Feb 2011 47. Modularisation The Next StepSite Survey includes Labour Weather impacts Logistics Environmental impact Safety Permit issues Etc.Bill Meyer 2011 FOSTER WHEELER. All rights reserved.Feb 2011 48. Modularisation The Next StepModule Yard Survey includes LabourProductivity, cost, flexibleworkforce, skills, experience etcBill Meyer 2011 FOSTER WHEELER. All rights reserved. Feb 2011 49. Modularisation The Next StepRelative Costs to Fabricate Modules and Ship to Project X siteProject and Site SpecificModule Yard Specific Calendar Date SpecificmM i coly ng a ilip ia na Vi na na SA SA a a Fr a ng eM ore n M eTh es nd Si ysi Si porrerere pa c Ita Ph aysna annhihihila ex U U ap Ko Ko Kopi Jaa C C C et ai aal alBill Meyer 2011 FOSTER WHEELER. All rights reserved. Feb 2011 50. Modularisation The Next StepModule Yard Survey includes Labour Yard capabilitiesCovered fabrication, assembly area,loadout capabilities, managementskills and experience, procurementcapability, drafting capability,quality systems, safety records etcBill Meyer 2011 FOSTER WHEELER. All rights reserved. Feb 2011 51. Modularisation The Next StepModule Yard Survey includes Labour Yard capabilities Size of client management teamrequiredBill Meyer 2011 FOSTER WHEELER. All rights reserved. Feb 2011 52. Modularisation The Next StepModule Yard Survey includes Labour Yard capabilities Size of client management teamrequired Shipping type and distances to siteBill Meyer 2011 FOSTER WHEELER. All rights reserved. Feb 2011 53. Modularisation The Next StepModule Yard Survey includes Labour Yard capabilities Size of client management teamrequired Shipping type and distances to site WeatherBill Meyer 2011 FOSTER WHEELER. All rights reserved. Feb 2011 54. Modularisation The Next StepModule Yard Survey includes Labour Yard capabilities Size of client management teamrequired Shipping type and distances to site Weather Political factorsBill Meyer 2011 FOSTER WHEELER. All rights reserved. Feb 2011 55. Modularisation The Next StepModule Yard Survey includes Labour Yard capabilities Size of client management teamrequired Shipping type and distances to site Weather Political factors EtcBill Meyer 2011 FOSTER WHEELER. All rights reserved. Feb 2011 56. Modularisation The Next StepBill Meyer 2011 FOSTER WHEELER. All rights reserved. Feb 2011 57. Modularisation The Next StepBill Meyer 2011 FOSTER WHEELER. All rights reserved. Feb 2011 58. Modularisation The Next StepBill Meyer 2011 FOSTER WHEELER. All rights reserved. Feb 2011 59. Modularisation The Next StepType of plant Will impact possible module sizesScale of plant Bill Meyer 2011 FOSTER WHEELER. All rights reserved. Feb 2011 60. Modularisation The Next StepType of plant Will impact possible module sizesScale of plant Bill Meyer 2011 FOSTER WHEELER. All rights reserved. Feb 2011 61. Modularisation The Next StepBill Meyer 2011 FOSTER WHEELER. All rights reserved. Feb 2011 62. Modularisation The Next StepEconomics of Modular ExecutionFor the cost estimates of stick and modularNeed only to focus on DIFFERENTIAL COSTS between stick builtand modular execution Bill Meyer 2011 FOSTER WHEELER. All rights reserved. Feb 2011 63. Modularisation The Next StepCost Downside Increased cost of steel / minor bulks / foundationsBill Meyer 2011 FOSTER WHEELER. All rights reserved. Feb 2011 64. Modularisation The Next StepCost Downside Increased cost of steel / minor bulks / foundations Increased cost of shippingBill Meyer 2011 FOSTER WHEELER. All rights reserved. Feb 2011 65. Modularisation The Next StepCost Downside Increased cost of steel / minor bulks / foundations Increased cost of shipping Potentially - increased cost of transport and installationBill Meyer 2011 FOSTER WHEELER. All rights reserved. Feb 2011 66. Modularisation The Next StepCost Downside Increased cost of steel / minor bulks / foundations Increased cost of shipping Potentially - increased cost of transport and installationBill Meyer 2011 FOSTER WHEELER. All rights reserved. Feb 2011 67. Modularisation The Next StepCost Downside Increased cost of steel / minor bulks / foundations Increased cost of shipping Potentially - increased cost of transport and installationBill Meyer 2011 FOSTER WHEELER. All rights reserved. Feb 2011 68. Modularisation The Next StepCost Downside Increased cost of steel / minor bulks / foundations Increased cost of shipping Potentially - increased cost of transport and installationBill Meyer 2011 FOSTER WHEELER. All rights reserved. Feb 2011 69. Modularisation The Next StepCost Downside Increased cost of steel / minor bulks / foundations Increased cost of shipping Potentially - increased cost of transport and installation Increased cost of Engineering Increased cost of client yard management Increased cost to set modules / extra field welds / hydroBill Meyer 2011 FOSTER WHEELER. All rights reserved. Feb 2011 70. Modularisation The Next StepCost Upside Move labour cost offsite to cheaper / more productive labour supplyBill Meyer 2011 FOSTER WHEELER. All rights reserved. Feb 2011 71. Modularisation The Next Step Manhours moved offsite on a past modular project120,000120,000100,000100,000 80,000 80,000 60,000 60,000 40,000 40,000 20,000 20,000--13 5 7 911 13 15 17 19 2123 25 27 29 31 33 1 3 5 7 9 11 13 15 17 19 21 23 25 27 29 31 33 months months Site PrepCivil Structural / Mech / EquipPipingE&IIndirectsBill Meyer 2011 FOSTER WHEELER. All rights reserved. Feb 2011 72. Modularisation The Next StepCost Upside Move labour cost offsite to cheaper / more productive labour supply Reduce indirect costs at site as less directs (construction supervision, consumables etc)Bill Meyer 2011 FOSTER WHEELER. All rights reserved. Feb 2011 73. Modularisation The Next StepCost Upside Move labour cost offsite to cheaper / more productive labour supply Reduce indirect costs at site as less directs (construction supervision, consumables etc) Reduced cost of camp construction due to lower peakBill Meyer 2011 FOSTER WHEELER. All rights reserved. Feb 2011 74. Modularisation The Next StepCost Upside Move labour cost offsite to cheaper / more productive labour supply Reduce indirect costs at site as less directs (construction supervision, consumables etc) Reduced cost of camp construction due to lower peak Improved productivity (weather, flexible workforce, site accessibility, material flows, etc)Bill Meyer 2011 FOSTER WHEELER. All rights reserved. Feb 2011 75. Modularisation The Next StepCost Upside Move labour cost offsite to cheaper / more productive labour supply Reduce indirect costs at site as less directs (construction supervision, consumables etc) Reduced cost of camp construction due to lower peak Improved productivity (weather, flexible workforce, site accessibility, material flows, etc) Reduced schedule reduces construction indirectsBill Meyer 2011 FOSTER WHEELER. All rights reserved. Feb 2011 76. Modularisation The Next StepCost Upside Move labour cost offsite to cheaper / more productive labour supply Reduce indirect costs at site as less directs (construction supervision, consumables etc) Reduced cost of camp construction due to lower peak Improved productivity (weather, flexible workforce, site accessibility, material flows, etc) Reduced schedule reduces construction indirects [Positive impact to NPV if revenue stream begins earlier]Bill Meyer 2011 FOSTER WHEELER. All rights reserved. Feb 2011 77. Modularisation The Next StepCost Neutral Shipping of module materials to yard versus shipping to siteBill Meyer 2011 FOSTER WHEELER. All rights reserved. Feb 2011 78. Modularisation The Next StepCost Neutral Shipping of module materials to yard versus shipping to siteBill Meyer 2011 FOSTER WHEELER. All rights reserved. Feb 2011 79. Modularisation The Next StepModule Modular versus Stick built costsversusExisting Project Data (Note All projects have different cost drivers )Stick built$100.0$90.0Cost$80.0Installation cost Savings Shipping cost $70.0Differentials $60.0Millions $Const. Mngmt cost Foundation cost $50.0Steel cost $40.0Engineering cost $30.0Camp cost $20.0Labour cost$10.0$0.0 Modular CostStick built CostBill Meyer 2011 FOSTER WHEELER. All rights reserved. Feb 2011 80. Modularisation The Next StepMarginal Cost of ConstructionMarginal Cost of Construction / manhour = Wages for Direct Labour + Indirect Labour (incl Inspection and QA) + Payroll Burdens / Benefits / Allowances / Premiums / Camp Costs / Subsistence for Direct and Indirect Labour + Management Costs / Field Offices / Indirect Facilities + Construction Equipment / Small Tools and Consumables + Scaffold + Stick Built Materials Laydown and Distribution + ETCBill Meyer 2011 FOSTER WHEELER. All rights reserved. Feb 2011 81. Modularisation The Next StepCost BenefitsConstruction SiteLabour Productivity 2.20 Marginal Cost of Construction / mh$105.00Relative Manhour Cost c/w Gulf Coast $231.00Bill Meyer 2011 FOSTER WHEELER. All rights reserved. Feb 2011 82. Modularisation The Next StepCost BenefitsConstructionModule Site YardLabour Productivity 2.201.20 Marginal Cost of Construction / mh$105.00$55.00Relative Manhour Cost c/w Gulf Coast $231.00$66.00Bill Meyer 2011 FOSTER WHEELER. All rights reserved. Feb 2011 83. Modularisation The Next StepCost BenefitsEconomic Productivity Factor ConstructionModuleSite Yard Labour Productivity 2.201.20 Marginal Cost of Construction / mh $105.00$55.00Relative Manhour Cost c/w Gulf Coast$231.00$66.00 Economic Productivity Ratio 3.50: 1Bill Meyer 2011 FOSTER WHEELER. All rights reserved. Feb 2011 84. Modularisation The Next StepCost BenefitsEconomic Productivity Factor using a Far East Module YardConstructionModule Site YardLabour Productivity 2.203.50 Marginal Cost of Construction / mh$105.00$12.10Relative Manhour Cost c/w Gulf Coast $231.00$42.35Bill Meyer 2011 FOSTER WHEELER. All rights reserved. Feb 2011 85. Modularisation The Next StepCost BenefitsEconomic Productivity Factor using a Far East Module Yard ConstructionModuleSite Yard Labour Productivity 2.203.50 Marginal Cost of Construction / mh $105.00$12.10Relative Manhour Cost c/w Gulf Coast$231.00$42.35 Economic Productivity Ratio 5.45: 1Bill Meyer 2011 FOSTER WHEELER. All rights reserved. Feb 2011 86. Modularisation The Next StepCost BenefitsEconomic Productivity Factor ConstructionModuleSite Yard Labour Productivity 2.553.50 Marginal Cost of Construction / mh $125.00$12.10Relative Manhour Cost c/w Gulf Coast$318.75$42.35 Economic Productivity Ratio 7.53: 1Bill Meyer 2011 FOSTER WHEELER. All rights reserved. Feb 2011 87. Modularisation The Next StepCOST DRIVEN MODULARSCHEDULE DRIVENCOST DRIVEN STICK BUILTPROJECTMODULAR PROJECT PROJECT Modular versus Stick built costsModular versus Stick built costsModular versus Stick built costs$140.0$120.0$100.0Installation cost Installation cost Installation cost Shipping cost Shipping cost Shipping cost $80.0Steel cost Steel cost Steel cost Engineering cost Engineering cost Engineering cost $60.0Camp cost Camp cost Camp cost Labour cost Labour cost Labour cost $40.0 $20.0$0.0Modular Cost Stick built CostModular Cost Stick built CostModular CostStick built Cost Bill Meyer 2011 FOSTER WHEELER. All rights reserved.Feb 2011 88. Modularisation The Next StepAgenda1. Introduction2. Historical Perspective Past Trends3. Understanding why Cost / benefit and decision process4. Optimising module sizes5. Summary6. Q & ABill Meyer 2011 FOSTER WHEELER. All rights reserved. Feb 2011 89. Modularisation The Next StepManhour Density is KeyBill Meyer 2011 FOSTER WHEELER. All rights reserved. Feb 2011 90. Modularisation The Next StepManhour Density is KeyBill Meyer 2011 FOSTER WHEELER. All rights reserved. Feb 2011 91. Modularisation The Next StepManhour Density is Key The more manhours in a given shipping volume, the greater the cost benefit to moving those manhours offsite. This benefit must outweigh the cost to ship those manhours back to site.Bill Meyer 2011 FOSTER WHEELER. All rights reserved. Feb 2011 92. Modularisation The Next Step Cost of module shipment vs. module sizeCost ($ million) services SpecialistSemi-Liner Heavy Lift SubmersiblesShips Module size / weight LargeBill Meyer 2011 FOSTER WHEELER. All rights reserved.Feb 2011 93. Modularisation The Next StepBill Meyer 2011 FOSTER WHEELER. All rights reserved. Feb 2011 94. Modularisation The Next StepManhour Density is Key The more manhours in a given shipping volume, the greater the cost benefit to moving those manhours offsite. This benefit must outweigh the cost to ship those manhours back to site. Second order effects then must be taken into account, such as extra steel costs, site transport and installation costs etc.Bill Meyer 2011 FOSTER WHEELER. All rights reserved. Feb 2011 95. Modularisation The Next StepManhour Density is KeyBill Meyer 2011 FOSTER WHEELER. All rights reserved. Feb 2011 96. Modularisation The Next Step Identify the labour intensive sections on the site (highlighted red)Bill Meyer 2011 FOSTER WHEELER. All rights reserved. Feb 2011 97. Modularisation The Next Step Aggregate where feasibleBill Meyer 2011 FOSTER WHEELER. All rights reserved. Feb 2011 98. Modularisation The Next Step Construct off-siteBill Meyer 2011 FOSTER WHEELER. All rights reserved. Feb 2011 99. Modularisation The Next StepBill Meyer 2011 FOSTER WHEELER. All rights reserved. Feb 2011 100. Modularisation The Next StepInterconnectivity factorsBill Meyer 2011 FOSTER WHEELER. All rights reserved. Feb 2011 101. Modularisation The Next StepInterconnectivity factorsBill Meyer 2011 FOSTER WHEELER. All rights reserved. Feb 2011 102. Modularisation The Next StepInterconnectivity factors Additional hookup at the interface Additional ship space Additional Installation costs Delta steelBill Meyer 2011 FOSTER WHEELER. All rights reserved. Feb 2011 103. Modularisation The Next StepInterconnectivity factorsBill Meyer 2011 FOSTER WHEELER. All rights reserved. Feb 2011 104. Modularisation The Next StepInterconnectivity factors Additional hookup at the interface Additional ship space Additional Installation costs Delta steelBill Meyer 2011 FOSTER WHEELER. All rights reserved. Feb 2011 105. Modularisation The Next StepVertical andhorizontalsplits forthis CCRBill Meyer 2011 FOSTER WHEELER. All rights reserved. Feb 2011 106. Modularisation The Next StepAgenda1. Introduction2. Historical Perspective Past Trends3. Understanding why Cost / benefit and decision process4. Optimising module sizes5. Summary6. Q & ABill Meyer 2011 FOSTER WHEELER. All rights reserved. Feb 2011 107. Modularisation The Next StepSummary1. Where is modularisation going? Is there a trend? More modularisation is the trend for jobs in high labour cost areas / low quantity of skilled labour areas Trend will be driven by demand for resources and energy Market segment dependant BRIC IC low , BR depends on location of site and yardsBill Meyer 2011 FOSTER WHEELER. All rights reserved. Feb 2011 108. Modularisation The Next StepSummary2. Are larger modules better? Depends on plant scale and type / shipping distances and costs / logistics constraints Relative costs of shipping vs. big / small / splitting For any given shipping cost curve typically yes! Manhour density of plant modules > breakeven Height of C. of G!Bill Meyer 2011 FOSTER WHEELER. All rights reserved. Feb 2011 109. Modularisation The Next StepSummary3. What impacts are tomorrows modules likely to have onconstruction? In general reduces construction risk (but shifts it to E&P) Construction equipment Technology exists to move and install large loads Crane size development driven by larger equipment items and need for longer reach, not primarily module sizes Innovation is still key!Bill Meyer 2011 FOSTER WHEELER. All rights reserved. Feb 2011 110. Modularisation The Next Step ANY QUESTIONS ?Bill Meyer 2011 FOSTER WHEELER. All rights reserved. Feb 2011

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