MLA. This tutorial covers: Writing Center - Yakima Valley Community College 1. General document formatting 2. Avoiding plagiarism: Citing sources - using.

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MLAMLA1This tutorial covers:Writing Center - Yakima Valley Community College1. General document formatting2. Avoiding plagiarism:Citing sources - using quotes and paraphrases - identifying sources - integrating sources into your paperDocumenting sources on a Works Cited page2What is MLA?Writing Center - Yakima Valley Community CollegeMLA provides standards for:- General document formatting Avoiding plagiarism by citing and documenting sourcesMLA (Modern Language Association) style formatting is often used in various humanities disciplines.3Format: General Guidelines Type on white 8.5 x 11 paper Double-space everything Use 12 pt. Times New Roman font (or similar font) Leave only one space after punctuation Set all margins to 1 inch on all sides Indent the first line of paragraphs one half-inchFormatting the 1st PageNo title pageDouble space everythingIn the upper left corner of the 1st page, list your name, your instructor's name, the course, and date Center the paper title (use standard caps but no underlining, italics, quote, or bold)Create a header in the upper right corner at half inch from the top and one inch from the right of the page (include your last name and page number)The Writing Center - Yakima Valley Community CollegeSample 1st PageWhy use MLA?Writing Center - Yakima Valley Community College Reason #2: Avoiding plagiarism The guidelines for citing and documenting sources help you to avoid plagiarism.72. Avoiding PlagiarismWriting Center - Yakima Valley Community CollegePlagiarism can happen whenever you use words, information, or ideas from a source.Sources can include books, articles, web pages, interviews, films, advertisements, etc.Oh yeah!This is good stuff for my paper. 82. Avoiding plagiarismWriting Center - Yakima Valley Community CollegeAvoid plagiarism by identifying your sources.Identify your sources by citing and documenting them.Do this in two places:A) Cite your sources in the text of your paperB) Document your sources on a Works Cited page9A) Citing sources in the text of your paperWriting Center - Yakima Valley Community CollegeIdentify sources in the text of your paper by:- using quotes and paraphrases- adding author name and page number10A) Citing sources in the text of your paper - Using quotes & paraphrases: a quick reviewWriting Center - Yakima Valley Community CollegeQuotesuse theexact words found ina source. tighter gun control in the United States erodes Second Amendment rights Quotations marks show where the exact words begin and end.11A) Citing sources in the text of your paper - Using quotes & paraphrases: a quick reviewWriting Center - Yakima Valley Community CollegeParaphrasestell your readerswhat the source said,but in your own words.stricter gun control laws would affect our constitutional rights Quotations marks are not needed.12Are quotes and paraphrases enough?Writing Center - Yakima Valley Community CollegeTighter gun control in theUnited States erodes SecondAmendment rights.Stricter gun control laws weakenour constitutional rightsguaranteed in the SecondAmendment.No! Quotes and paraphrases alone are not enough.Click!Click!The quote is plagiarism because the sourceis not identified.The paraphrase is also plagiarism because the source is not identified. (The words were changed, but the idea came from a source)13A) Citing sources in the text of your paperWriting Center - Yakima Valley Community CollegeQuotes and paraphrases alone arent enough to avoid plagiarism.Identify sources in the text of your paper by: Using quotes and paraphrases- Adding author name and page number. *** When an authors name is not provided, use the title of the article, book or website and the page number14You have two options for adding author name and page number:Writing Center - Yakima Valley Community College Earp points out that tighter gun control in the United States erodes Second Amendment rights (25). Opponents agree that tightergun control in the United States erodes Second Amendmentrights Option 1Option 2Author name in front of the quote; page number in back.Author name and page number all in back.(Earp 25). Note: The citation is in parentheses and the end punctuation follows!!!!!15The same two options apply to paraphrases:Writing Center - Yakima Valley Community College Earp argues that stricter gun control laws would affect our constitutional rights (25). Opponents argue that stricter gun control laws would affect our constitutional rights (Earp 25). Option 1Option 2Click!16Option 1: Using signal phrases to smoothly integrate sources into your paperWriting Center - Yakima Valley Community CollegeSignal phraseAuthor last name(s) Verb of attribution past tense verbsQuote or paraphraseSmith and Wesson arguedbelievedclaimeddescribedexplainedobservedpointed outreportedsaidsuggestedthoughtwrotetighter gun control in the United States erodes Second Amendment rights."Tougher gun control weakens our rights guaranteed in the Second Amendment.Smith and Wesson believed that tighter gun control in the United States erodes Second Amendment rights (76).Smith and Wesson argued that tougher gun control weakens our rights guaranteed in the Second Amendment (76).17Activity: A) Citing sources in the text of your paperWriting Center - Yakima Valley Community CollegeSelect two of the sources on the next slide and cite the source:1) Quote or paraphrase the words.2) Identify the source by adding author name(s), and page number. Use Option 1 (name in front, page in back).3) Write down your result.18Activity: Option 1Writing Center - Yakima Valley Community CollegeMy window is a grave, and all that lies within its dead.William Gass Page 213The secret of getting ahead is getting started.Mark Twain Page 141Im not a very good writer, but Im an excellent rewriter.James Michener Page 25Tattoos and piercings can be seen as bodily aids in the inner struggle toward identity.Andres Martin Page 79We have an oversimplified perspective of why children develop as they do.Elissa Allen Page 8The lack of success of recent initiatives suggests that medication might not be the answer for the escalating problem.Luisa Mirano Page 3192. Avoiding plagiarismWriting Center - Yakima Valley Community CollegeAvoid plagiarism by identifying your sources.Identify your sources by citing and documenting them.Do this in two places:A) Cite your sources in the text of your paper B) Document your sources on a Works Cited pageYouve seen how to do A)So now, lets do B)20B) Documenting sources on a Works Cited pageWhat is a Works Cited page?Its a bibliography of all the sources you used in your paper.It includes author names, dates, titles, book titles, names of journals or magazines, names of publishers, page numbers, etc.Its entries are alphabetized by authors last name and formatted using hanging indentation.Its the last page of your paper, and it stands alone as its own page.21Works Cited Page EntriesBurke, Kenneth. Language as Symbolic Action: Essays on Life, Literature, andMethod. Berkeley: U of California P, 1966. Print.Book with one authorSmith, Albert, Kim Yang and Brain Moore Guns are for Soldiers, Not Civilians: Time 20 Nov. 2000: 70-71. Print.Article with several authorsThe Impact of Global Warming in North America. Global Warming: Early Signs. 1999. Web. 23 Mar. 2009.Article with no known author(Burke, 32).(Smith, Yang, and Moore 76).(Impact of Global Warming 6).Type of source Works Cited Entry In text CitationVisit the following page:MLA basics: https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/747/05/Everything you need to know about documentation and citation can be found here depending on the type of source you use.2. Avoiding plagiarismWriting Center - Yakima Valley Community CollegeNow youve seen it all, right? Youve seen how to avoid plagiarism by identifying your sources in two places:A) Cite your sources in the text of your paperB) Document your sources on a References pageYouve tried A)Now, try B)23Activity: B) Documenting sources on a Works Cited pageWriting Center - Yakima Valley Community CollegeSource type: BookWilliam Gass1977In the Heart of the CountryNew YorkPocket BooksBurke, Kenneth. Language as Symbolic Action: Essays on Life, Literature, and Method. Berkeley, CA: U of California P, 1966. Print.Model #6: Basic format for a book with one author.Lets say youre using this book in your paper.Heres all the info you need to create a Works Cited page entry.Your task is to make this info match the model below.Write down your result.Click!24Activity: B) Documenting sources on a References pageWriting Center - Yakima Valley Community CollegeArticle from an online periodicalAndres MartinTeenagers and TattoosJournal of the AACAP2010Issue 45, Pages 101 - 133http://aacap.orgModel #48: Article from an online periodical (with one author).Lets say youre also using this article from an online periodical in your paper.Heres all the info you need to create a Works Cited Page entry.Your task, again, is to make this info match the model below.Write down your result.Bagchi, Alaknanda. "Conflicting Nationalisms: The Voice of the Subaltern in Mahasweta Devi's Bashai Tudu." Tulsa Studies in Women's Literature 15.1 (1996): 41-50.www.nationalisminthenews.org.Click!25MLA-- how it all worksWriting Center - Yakima Valley Community College Earp points out thattighter gun control in theUnited States erodes SecondAmendment rights (25).Works CitedEarp, W. Frontier Justice: your rights, your gun. Tombstone Law Journal 40.4, (2008): 10 52. Print.Wyatt Earp Frontier Justice Tighter gun control in the United States erodes Second Amendment rights.25Earps bookMy paperWorks Cited PageUse a source2. Cite the source3. Document the source26The Writing Center - Yakima Valley Community CollegeMatch-Up Game: Match each in-text citation to the correct References entry. ANiven states, violent video games greatly contribute to a cultural devaluation of life (23).BProponents of the death penalty cite the effectiveness of this method in discouraging repeat offenses (Eastwood 10).CAccording to Connell, depictions of wafer-thin celebs in the media distort the self-perceptions of many women (Allen 17).1Allen, N. Model Media. Chicago, IL: 2003. Print.2Eastwood, C. The death penalty in a humanitarian world. Journal of Law and Justice, 22.1(2007) 8-26. Print3Niven, D. (2009). Licensed to kill? Journal of SPECTRE,35.1(2009) 15-32. PrintREVIEW: MLA & Avoiding PlagiarismWriting Center - Yakima Valley Community CollegeWhenever you use words, information, or ideas from a source.you must identify the source.Oh yeah!This is good stuff for my paper. Identify your sources by citing and documenting them:A) Cite your sources in the text of your paperB) Document your sources on a References page28To Know for Quiz Formatting your paper.What is plagiarism?Difference between paraphrase and quoting. Two types of internal citationsFormatting a Works Cited pageKnow what is included in a Works Cited entry: author, title, publication city, year of publication and type of media.

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