Mesh Networking at the Tactical Edge - 2 Mesh Networking at the Tactical Edge Agenda •Comms Requirements and Challenges at the ^Tactical Edge •Common Wireless Protocols •Silvus Technologies Background •MN-MIMO –Technology –Applications

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<ul><li><p>14/11/2013 </p><p>1 </p><p>Leading the MIMO Revolution </p><p>Mesh Networking at the Tactical Edge </p><p>Jimi Henderson VP of Sales </p><p>Silvus Technologies </p><p>jimi@silvustechnologies.com </p><p>Silvus Technologies Proprietary &amp; Confidential </p><p>Intro </p><p>Animated Video </p><p>Leading the MIMO Revolution </p><p>http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=72fZlnD6ydQhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=72fZlnD6ydQhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=72fZlnD6ydQhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=72fZlnD6ydQ</p></li><li><p>14/11/2013 </p><p>2 </p><p>Mesh Networking at the Tactical Edge Agenda </p><p> Comms Requirements and Challenges at the Tactical Edge </p><p> Common Wireless Protocols </p><p> Silvus Technologies Background </p><p> MN-MIMO Technology </p><p> Applications </p><p> Products and Systems </p><p> Demo </p><p>Leading the MIMO Revolution </p><p>Leading the MIMO Revolution </p><p>Communications Requirements and Challenges </p><p>at the Tactical Edge </p><p>Leading the MIMO Revolution </p></li><li><p>14/11/2013 </p><p>3 </p><p>Tactical Edge Comms Requirements </p><p> Operation in areas with no reliable wireless infrastructure </p><p> Robust connectivity in the presence of: Signal reflections Non-line-of-sight Interference </p><p> Bi-directional and relay communications Mobility for teams on the move Ever-increasing throughput demands for video, </p><p>audio, data </p><p>Leading the MIMO Revolution </p><p>Performance </p><p> Range </p><p> Robustness </p><p> Mobility </p><p> Throughput </p><p>Flexibility </p><p> Quick Setup </p><p> Ease of Use </p><p> Adaptability </p><p> Autonomy </p><p>Comms Challenges Performance vs. Flexibility </p><p>Leading the MIMO Revolution </p></li><li><p>14/11/2013 </p><p>4 </p><p>Tactical Communications The Lay of the Land </p><p>Leading the MIMO Revolution </p><p>Pros </p><p>Robustness </p><p>Range </p><p>Ruggedness </p><p>Custom frequencies </p><p>Security </p><p> Cons </p><p>Lack throughput/capacity </p><p>Inflexible network architecture </p><p>Military Waveforms Pros </p><p>Bi-directional </p><p>Mesh/relay capability </p><p>Flexible network architecture </p><p>Improved throughput </p><p>Cons </p><p>Poor range </p><p>Poor NLOS performance </p><p>Poor mobility </p><p>Insecure </p><p>Cumbersome to operate </p><p>802.11 (WiFi) Pros </p><p>Bi-directional </p><p>Improved throughput </p><p>Cons </p><p>Inflexible network architecture </p><p>Poor NLOS performance </p><p>Limited upload data speeds </p><p>WiMax / 3G / 4G </p><p>Leading the MIMO Revolution </p><p>Silvus Technologies </p><p>Background </p><p>Leading the MIMO Revolution </p></li><li><p>14/11/2013 </p><p>5 </p><p>Background </p><p> Founded 2004 by UCLA Professor Babak Daneshrad, PhD </p><p> Current head count 27 </p><p> Pioneered the development of advanced MIMO and MANET (Mobile Ad-hoc Networking) technology for challenging outdoor environments </p><p> 9 years of experience performing more than 3 dozen government R&amp;D contracts for US govt. </p><p> First to turn theoretical gains of MIMO into reality in harsh battlefield conditions as validated by independent trials: </p><p> 4.5x coverage increase in urban environment </p><p> 3.5x benefit penetrating buildings </p><p> 100x immunity to interference / jamming </p><p>Leading the MIMO Revolution </p><p>Proven world leader in Tactical Comms R&amp;D </p><p>Leading the MIMO Revolution </p><p>Agency Program Title Type Award Date </p><p>DARPA 3-D Spread Spectrum for High Threat Environments Phase 1+2 12/8/2003 </p><p>ONR Universal MIMO OFDM SDR for Mobile Autonomous Networks Phase 1 5/17/2004 </p><p>DARPA/ONR Eigen Spreading Phase 1+2 5/17/2004 </p><p>NSF Adaptive/Cognitive Software Radio Architecture for 1Gbps+ Wireless Networking Phase 1+2 10/1/2004 </p><p>AFOSR Throughput Optimization via Adaptive MIMO Communications Phase 1 8/1/2005 </p><p>DARPA WNAN - Wireless Network After Next Phase 1 12/11/2006 </p><p>DARPA Unifying Theory for Baseband Processing in Data Communications Systems Seedling 11/15/2006 </p><p>DARPA Versatile Radios for CBManet Phase 2 10/22/2007 </p><p>DARPA Mobile Networked MIMO (MNM) Phase 2+3 5/13/2007 </p><p>US Army A Highly Versatile, Low Cost, MIMO Capable 60 GHz Wide Band Local Radio Phase 1+2+2.5 4/7/2009 </p><p>RTC NCMS MIMO NLOS Comm Links for Robotic Teleoperation RPP Milestone 1+2 5/6/2009 </p><p>DARPA MIMO Techniques for Broadband UAV Networking Seedling 3/5/2010 </p><p>AFRL A Comprehensive MIMO Solution for Improved Spectral Efficiency of Airborne Data Links Phase 1 3/8/2010 </p><p>SPAWAR / JTRS </p><p>NED Experimental Quantification of MIMO Benefits to a JTRS Like Signal Phase 2 9/23/2010 </p><p>US Army Universal Active Jammer Cleaner Phase 1 11/16/2010 </p><p>US Air Force SC-Orderwire for the Airborne Network Phase 1+2 11/3/2011 </p><p>US Army Chip Scale Atomic Clock (CSAC) Handheld Radio with Exceptional Range and LPD Phase 1+2 1/12/2012 </p><p>US Air Force Low SWaP-C Directional Terminals Through Difference Coarray Processing Phase 1+2 5/7/2012 </p><p>DARPA Fixed Wireless at a Distance Phase 1+2 6/31/2012 </p><p>DARPA 100G: Modem Agnostic Wideband Spatio-Polarimetric Equalization Module Phase 1 Pending </p><p>DARPA A Multi-Pronged Approach to Maximizing Overall Network Spectral Efficiency Phase 1 5/24/2013 </p><p>US Air Force MIMO Capabiliy for C2ISR Aircrafts Using Existing Antennas Phase 1 Pending </p></li><li><p>14/11/2013 </p><p>6 </p><p>Leading the MIMO Revolution </p><p>MN-MIMO Technology </p><p>What is it? </p><p>Leading the MIMO Revolution </p><p>MN-MIMO Technology </p><p> COFDM (Coded Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing) </p><p> MIMO (Multiple Input Multiple Output) </p><p>+ MANET (Mobile Ad-hoc Networking) </p><p>_________________________________________________________ </p><p> MN-MIMO (Mobile Networked MIMO) </p><p>Leading the MIMO Revolution </p></li><li><p>14/11/2013 </p><p>7 </p><p>COFDM </p><p>C: Coding a.k.a. Forward Error Correction Convolutional Code with Viterbi for resilience against burst errors </p><p> Retransmission for additional protection against block errors </p><p>OFDM: Multiple RF Carriers Slower symbol rates enhanced robustness in mobile, high multipath, </p><p>and non-LOS applications </p><p> Immunity to frequency selective fading </p><p>Leading the MIMO Revolution </p><p>MIMO Multi Input Multi Output </p><p>Leading the MIMO Revolution </p><p>Performance </p><p>Throughput </p><p>Reliability Power </p></li><li><p>14/11/2013 </p><p>8 </p><p>MIMO Fundamentals Antenna Configurations </p><p>Leading the MIMO Revolution </p><p>MIMO Fundamentals </p><p> Traditional systems use a 2 dimensional signaling space: Time and Frequency </p><p> MIMO systems enable the transmission of multiple signals at the same time and frequency by exploiting a 3rd dimension: Space </p><p> Compared to SISO, MIMO provided several benefits: Higher data throughput </p><p> Improved range and robustness </p><p> Lower output power for a given distance </p><p> User can trade between these to achieve project goals </p><p>Leading the MIMO Revolution </p></li><li><p>14/11/2013 </p><p>9 </p><p>MIMO Fundamentals Fading </p><p>Leading the MIMO Revolution </p><p>MIMO Fundamentals Spatial Diversity </p><p>Leading the MIMO Revolution </p></li><li><p>14/11/2013 </p><p>10 </p><p>MIMO Techniques Spatial Multiplexing </p><p> Transmit a different data-set (stream) from each antenna </p><p> All streams operate at the same frequency, mixing within the RF channel </p><p> Sophisticated signal processing allows each individual stream to be recovered at the receiver </p><p> Provides dramatic increase in throughput for a given channel size (higher data rates) </p><p>Leading the MIMO Revolution </p><p>MIMO Techniques Space Time Coding (STC) </p><p> Transmit redundant, robustly-coded copies of data from all antennas Coded in time to avoid time-specific signal interruptions </p><p> Coded in space by sending data over multiple signal paths </p><p> Sophisticated signal processing allows data to be recovered at receiver </p><p> Enables higher probability of successful data transmission in all environments (improved robustness) </p><p>Leading the MIMO Revolution </p></li><li><p>14/11/2013 </p><p>11 </p><p>MANET (Mobile Ad-hoc Networking) </p><p> Intelligently routes traffic using Silvus advanced networking algorithms </p><p> Self-healing, self-forming mesh </p><p> Dozens of units (20~50) supported today </p><p> Large-scale algorithms in development (100s of units) </p><p> De-centralized topology </p><p> Administrator access at any node </p><p> No central point of failure </p><p> High capacity Up to 85Mbps </p><p> 100s of Mbps for large scale mesh </p><p> Low latency (</p></li><li><p>14/11/2013 </p><p>12 </p><p>MN-MIMO Throughput vs. RSL </p><p>Leading the MIMO Revolution </p><p>0</p><p>5</p><p>10</p><p>15</p><p>20</p><p>25</p><p>30</p><p>35</p><p>40</p><p>45</p><p>50</p><p>55</p><p>60</p><p>65</p><p>70</p><p>-103-102-101-100-99-98-97-96-95-94-93-92-91-90-89-88</p><p>5MHz BW</p><p>20MHz BW</p><p> Receive Signal Level (dBm) </p><p>UDP Data Rate </p><p>(Mbps) Higher throughput = More cameras Larger networks Better quality video Fewer bottlenecks </p><p>Leading the MIMO Revolution </p><p>MN-MIMO </p><p>Applications </p><p>Leading the MIMO Revolution </p></li><li><p>14/11/2013 </p><p>13 </p><p>Urban Mesh WiFi Range Comparison (50mW) </p><p>Leading the MIMO Revolution </p><p>802.11n (50mW) Silvus (50mW) </p><p>1+ Mbps </p><p>0.2 Mbps 1Mbps </p><p>&lt; 0.2 Mbps </p><p>Legend </p><p>Urban Mesh WiFi Range Comparison (1 Watt) </p><p>Leading the MIMO Revolution </p><p>1+ Mbps </p><p>0.2 Mbps 1Mbps </p><p>&lt; 0.2 Mbps </p><p>Legend </p><p>802.11n (50mW) Silvus (1 Watt) </p></li><li><p>14/11/2013 </p><p>14 </p><p>Tri-domain Mesh USSOCOM TNT </p><p>Leading the MIMO Revolution </p><p> 1 x ISR Aircraft 2 x Ground Vehicle 2 x Dismount 1 x Relay Tower 1 x TOC </p><p>Unattended Ground Sensors US MCWL TNS2 </p><p>Leading the MIMO Revolution </p><p>The test went very well for the sensors. It is in very large part due to the exceptional performance of the Silvus radios. In the 6 years I have been doing ground sensors, the one common weakness has always been the radio. Silvus is a huge step up from any other radio we have used thus far for the application of transmitting video data and for operation in challenging environments. MCWL Project Officer </p><p>SC3500 radios performed exceptionally well exceeding my expectations. Video was clear and not glitchy and the Henery GUI was easier to use as a result of low wait times in messaging between the Host TRC and the RIGSS Hubs Excerpts from the TNS2 report </p></li><li><p>14/11/2013 </p><p>15 </p><p>Unmanned Ground Vehicles QinetiQ Talon </p><p>Approved IP radio vendor for QinetiQs Talon EOD robot </p><p>After a rigorous evaluation period, the Silvus radios exhibited the technical maturity and performance capabilities that our customers require, especially in challenging urban environments. We are pleased with the ease of use and integration into our existing robots. Nathan Desmeule, TALON Product Manager, QinetiQ-NA. </p><p> 2.8km LOS 500m NLOS (dense urban) Point-to-point or repeater capability Single transceiver for video and command/control data </p><p>Unmanned Ground Vehicles Teaming / Relay </p><p>Repeater capability demonstrated at Army Expeditionary Warfighters Experiment (AEWE) Spiral G </p><p>US ATEC poll Take to War rating of 3.7 out of 4 </p><p> Silvus SC3500 installed on Talon and FasTac Omni antennas on UGVs and OCU Robots used interchangeably to provide </p><p>repeater capability for long range missions 500m NLOS achieved amidst mountainous </p><p>terrain and dense foliage </p></li><li><p>14/11/2013 </p><p>16 </p><p>Unmanned Ground Vehicles Stereo 3D Video </p><p>Providing SRI with high bandwidth comms for 3D HD video </p><p>The Silvus MIMO radio is the only radio we found that will allow us to operate the Taurus and provide the EOD operator the ability to effectively utilize the system at a safe NLOS standoff distance. We tried other communications systems and they simply did not work. -Tom Low, Director, SRI International. </p><p> 16Mbps 2 x HD images (left eye / right eye) Command/control data </p><p> 200+ meters NLOS </p><p>Mining and Tunnels Relay Network </p><p>Leading the MIMO Revolution </p><p>4 node repeater demonstrated in underground tunnel </p><p> 3 Nodes were deployed at locations 1, 2, and 3 4th node mounted on vehicle with video camera streaming </p><p>at 2Mbps Vehicle driven from location 1 to location 4 0% Packet Error Rate (PER) maintained throughout Low ping rates (</p></li><li><p>14/11/2013 </p><p>17 </p><p>Airborne Downlink News / Police / Military </p><p>Troll Systems SkyLink IP System </p><p>Silvus MIMO technology has been chosen by Troll to create the new SkyLink IP Networking solution for broadcast, law enforcement, and military markets. MIMO enables robust high throughput bidirectional links from airborne assets to multiple ground locations. When combined with Trolls tracking antenna solutions, industry leading link ranges are possible. Julian Scott, CEO, Troll Systems </p><p> 44km range 20Mbps bi-directional throughput </p><p> 18Mbps HD video 1Mbps data downlink 1Mbps data uplink </p><p> Directional tracking antennas Only 1 Watt of transmit power </p><p>Air-to-Air Networking Knight Ryder (Afghanistan) </p><p>Leading the MIMO Revolution </p><p> Mesh networking between 6 aircraft Video Voice Data </p><p> 100km distance between aircraft Downlink to ground stations </p></li><li><p>14/11/2013 </p><p>18 </p><p>Ship-boarding Above Deck </p><p>Leading the MIMO Revolution </p><p>TX 1 2 3 4 5 </p><p>200m </p><p>TX </p><p>5MHz; Non line-of-sight; MIMO TX power = 36/31/31/28.5 dBm Whip antennas with magnetic base on TX External LNAs on RX </p><p>Location 1 2 3 4 5 </p><p>MIMO </p><p>(Mbps) 38.4 38.4 41 38.6 36 </p><p>30+ Mbps Coverage over Entire Deck Area </p><p>Ship-boarding Above Deck to Below Deck </p><p>Leading the MIMO Revolution </p><p>One level below deck </p><p>Two levels below deck </p><p>6 </p><p>7 </p><p>8 </p><p>7a </p><p>9 </p><p>TX </p><p>5MHz; Non line-of-sight; MIMO TX power = 36/31/31/28.5 dBm Whip antennas with magnetic base on TX External LNAs on RX </p><p>Location 6 7 7a 8 9 </p><p>MIMO </p><p>(Mbps) 23 11.6 dead 13 dead </p></li><li><p>14/11/2013 </p><p>19 </p><p>Ship-boarding Below Deck </p><p>Leading the MIMO Revolution </p><p>One level below deck </p><p>Two levels below deck </p><p>Three levels below deck </p><p>11 12 </p><p>13 14 15 16 </p><p>200m </p><p>50m </p><p>21m </p><p>7m </p><p>TX </p><p>5MHz; Non line-of-sight; MIMO TX power = 36/31/31/28.5 dBm Whip antennas with magnetic base on TX External LNAs on RX </p><p>Location 11 12 13 14 15 16 </p><p>MIMO </p><p>(Mbps) 35 42 35.6 16 1.5 dead </p><p>TV Broadcast TVU Networks </p><p>Leading the MIMO Revolution </p><p> 1080i HD video 10Mbps 3 hops Urban NLOS </p></li><li><p>14/11/2013 </p><p>20 </p><p>TV Broadcast Community Hotspots </p><p>Leading the MIMO Revolution </p><p>ENG/SNG TruckRemote Camera</p><p>News Copter</p><p>News Station</p><p>Tactical Receive </p><p>Locations</p><p>Strategic Receive </p><p>Locations</p><p>World Wide Web</p><p>Fixed Microwave</p><p>World Wide Web</p><p>Fiber</p><p>WAN</p><p>MN-MIMO Links</p><p>3G/4G Modems</p><p>3G/4G</p><p>Leading the MIMO Revolution </p><p>MN-MIMO </p><p>Products and Systems </p><p>Leading the MIMO Revolution </p></li><li><p>14/11/2013 </p><p>21 </p><p>StreamCaster Radios SC3800 and SC3822 </p><p> 2 bands accessible in one radio </p><p> Ruggedized IP67 enclosure </p><p> Up to 4x4 MIMO diversity </p><p> Date rates up to 85Mbps </p><p> Low latency (</p></li><li><p>14/11/2013 </p><p>22 </p><p>StreamCaster Tactical Mesh Camera SC-TMC </p><p>Leading the MIMO Revolution </p><p>Quick deploy surveillance capability: MN-MIMO mesh radio </p><p> 10x Step zoom camera </p><p> H.264 video encoder </p><p> Internal battery (3-4 hr.) </p><p> IP67 rugged housing </p><p> Multiple mount options </p><p> Antenna agnostic </p><p> PoE, GPS, GUI, &amp; encryption included </p><p>L-3 and Silvus Ground Rover Network </p><p>Leading the MIMO Revolution </p><p>Squad/Brigade Comms Route Clearance Building Clearance Naval Operations </p><p>Gateway Rover Vehicle-borne CDL and MN-MIMO </p><p>Mesh Rover Vehicle-borne MN-MIMO </p><p>Handheld Mesh Rover Dismount MN-MIMO </p></li><li><p>14/11/2013 </p><p>23 </p><p>Demo Time </p><p> Capability Demonstration </p><p> GUI overview </p><p>Leading the MIMO Revolution </p></li></ul>

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