Literacy for Children in an Information AgeCohen & CowenChapter 1A New Definition of Literacy
Literacy: 3 QuestionsWhat is Literacy?What are the different approaches to teaching literacy?How can you integrate technology into a literacy classroom?
Defining LiteracyState & National StandardsVisual LiteracyHigher Order Thinking Skills Technological LiteracyGlobal Literacy
Higher Order Thinking SkillsRecallComprehensionApplicationAnalysisSynthesisEvaluation
Approaches to Teaching LiteracyBottom-up ApproachTop-Down ApproachBasal SeriesBalanced Approach
English Language Learners (ELLs)
oral practice tutoring & individual supportnative language Individual differences count!Constant assessmentHome-school connection
Dyslexia (more than 50%)*
(of all special ed students)
NRP Findings*Phonemic awarenessPhonicsFluencyVocabularyText Comprehension
*National Review Panel
Five Other PillarsClassroom organizationMatching pupils and textsChoice, interest & collaborationDaily reading & writing across curriculumExpert tutoring
Bottom-Up ApproachDecoding (Phonic approach)
/k/C - a - tcatThe cat is small.
Top-Down ApproachWhole languagebegins with text comprehensionchildren learn to read by reading and enjoying textpredictable booksdiscussionsdemonstrations
Bottom-Up . Top-DownDecoding VocabularySentence ComprehensionParagraph ComprehensionText ComprehensionText ComprehensionParagraph ComprehensionSentence ComprehensionVocabularyDecoding
Basal SeriesComprehension Reading ProgramContains texts for all grade levelsAnthologyTeachers GuideDaily lesson PlansAll support materials
Balanced Literacy ApproachAll aspects of literacy taught in the classroom, centered on student needs, and using research and practice:
Readingwritingspeakinglistening and viewing
Website Evaluation*Ease of useVisual layoutReadabilityAccuracyLinks--valuable?
*Evaluation Form p. 28-29
Two Valuable ResourcesIRAInternational Reading Association
NCTENational Council of Teachers of English
Incorporate into Literacy Classroom
Evaluate Internet WebsitesIs literacy promoted?Is the site age appropriate?Does it reflect current research?Are additional literacy resources available?
And finally .
Definition of literacy includes:Changing profile of studentsTechnological and global impactLatest researchNational standardsHigher Order thinking skills