ASEAN KNOWLEDGE SHARING WORKSHOP ON MAINSTREAMING DRR IN EDUCATION18-19 February 2011, Melaka International Trade Center, Malacca, Malaysia
Disaster Risk Reduction in School Curriculum in Lao PDRPresented by: Mr. Thipphamonh CHANTHALANGSY MoE, Lao PDR
1. Background on DRR mainstreaming in education1. Background on DRR mainstreaming in education - The Regional Consultative Committee ( RCC ) on Disaster Management was established with the initiative of the Asian Disaster Preparedness Center (ADPC) in 2000. - 2002 to 2004 integration of DRR in primary school curriculum, development of textbook and teacher s guide, training of all teachers on teaching DRR and implemented in target school/province - 2006 Recommendations for future actions for further integration of DRR in education sector : children in schools are the most vulnerable in times of disaster and are the greatest risk of losing their lives. - 2007- 09 Advocacy and pilot project implementation in the education sector: The project implemented in close cooperation with Ministry of Education ( National Research Institute for Education Sciences with technical support from ADPC & UNDP and funded by DIPECHO.
Project: Mainstreaming Disaster Risk Reduction into the Education Sector in Lao PDRPhase I January 2007- April 2008 Project Partners: Lao PDR: NDMO and MoE Implemented under the RCC Program on Mainstreaming DRR into Development Policy, Planning and Implementation in which education is a priority sector - National Advocacy Workshop on 28-29 February 2008 helped develop consensus for DRR in the education amongst Government, NGOs, donors and UN agencies and Recommend for future actions for further integration of DRR Phase II April 2008 to 2009 1. Institutionalize DRR module of Phase I into selected secondary grade subjects of the national curriculum and teachers training system 2. Develop a framework curriculum plan to aid future integration of DRR in all secondary school grades in the 3 countries
2. Current Status of DRR Mainstreaming in education sector Goals and strategies: reference: National strategy on Disaster Management: 1. Safeguard sustainable development and reduce the damage of natural or manmade disasters to community, society and country economy. 2. Shift strategy from relief and mitigation after disaster impact to community, society and economy of government organizations to preparedness before disaster strike emphasizing on flood, drought, landslide and fire parallel with continuing mitigate in post disaster period. 3. Turn from responsibility of only government agency to people centered in dealing with disaster by building capability for community 4. Promote forever protection of the environment and country richness such as: forest, land and water.
2. Current Status of DRR Mainstreaming in education sector Completed and ongoing program:Mainstreaming DRR into education sector DIPECHO Lead Organization /Partners:- MoE, NDMO/ PDMC - ADPC
Project Duration/ Coverage:- 2 phases ,15 months each (2007-2009)
Completed and ongoing program:Project Project Duration/ Coverage -5 years (2007-2012) - Sayaboury district, Sayaboury province Lead Organization /Partners -MLSW/ NDMO/ PDMC - SCA/ADPC Sayaboury Integrated Hazard Mitigation LANGOCA
- Disaster risk education - 1 year (2009) for children (DREC)- Xieng Hone district, LANGOCA Sayabury province -others
-MLSW/NDMO/ PDMC - SCA/ADPC
3. Case study on Mainstreaming in school curriculum:curriculum design and instructional material development A. Context of the case study Objective: To provide information on DRR to teachers and trainers To improve teaching of integrated DRR module by teachers To help teachers and students have understanding of disaster preparedness and risk reduction.
Major steps in the processes
c. The outputs The topics of learning materials at Lower secondary level: Hazards and disasters Landslides Earthquakes Floods Drought Fire Pollution Road accidents Civil unrest
Textbook and teacher s guide
Contents for each hazardLesson contents: Methodology:
What is the disaster? How many types of disasters? What causes disasters? How to protect from and reduce the effects of disasters?
Lecture Group work Discussion Question Answer
d. Sharing experiences and knowledge Challenges- The cooperation and collaboration between sectors and donors. - Budget limited - Need appropriate legislation that provides financial resources for disaster preparedness and mitigation
d. Sharing experiences and knowledge Lessons learned: - Teachers need skills development in technical knowledge about DRR - Instruction on the DRR module must be part of teachers training courses - All existing teachers must be taught how to integrate DRR in teaching materials - There is desire amongst teachers and students to learn about DRR - The DRR integration into Ed. Sector must be supported from all administrative levels and schools - Continuous training is required for teachers. - Need more teaching materials
d. Sharing experiences and knowledge Sound practices in the course of DRR mainstreaming: Implemented in lower secondary schools: Khammouane province 7 schools Vientiane Capital 5 schools Bolikhamsay 3 schools Sayabuly 5 schools
Implemented in primary schools Sayabuly 8 schools
Total: 31 schools 172 person, with 104 teachers
Some views of teaching Evaluation Pretest questionnaire to students Monitoring of teaching Post test Quiz, poster making, story writing, etc.The objective is to make students aware and understand the causes and effects of disasters on lives nd property in general, and understand the prevention methods and mitigation measures from disasters.
Evaluation Total students: 484 Interview students: Very good, but all question not answered Total 105 question; answer 103: 369 students, girl 164; 70-100% 54Q, 50-69% 23Q and 2-49% 26Q School hazard hunt Can find 26-42 kind of potential hazard Some action proposed are better school response Painting of posters to show how to reduce risk from a disaster
School children show their knowledge of DRR at the National Workshop
Children quiz the audience on DRR issues at the national workshop
e. Impact /outcomes Achivements/results of the initiative/program- Build the capacities of teachers and schools to impart the appropriate information and knowledge - Plant the seeds for building a culture of disaster resilience in the country
Enabling factors for successful integration- Valuable document for planning of education sector plan in the future - Study on the impact of disasters on the education sector was completed with close coordination between MOE and NDMO.
Impact of disasters on the education sector in Lao PDR Plan on how to institutionalize DRR mainstreaming in school curriculum:
- Enhance the learning process and understanding of disaster prevention, mitigation and preparedness among pupils and students
Recommended steps for replicating the initiative: - Training the teachers to get better understanding of DRR - Integrated DRR module into all primary and secondary school
Thank you from the children of Lao PDR