Landtechnik im Wandel des 21. Jahrhunderts Mobile ... ?· Landtechnik im Wandel des 21. Jahrhunderts…

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  • Faculty of Mechanical Science and Engineering - Institute of Natural Materials Technology

    Landtechnik im Wandel des 21. Jahrhunderts Mobile Arbeitsmaschinen werden zu

    Cyber-Physical Systems (CPS)

    Prof. T.Herlitzius, Lehrstuhl Agrarsystemtechnik

  • Faculty of Mechanical Science and Engineering - Institute of Natural Materials Technology

    Today high performance agricultural machines establish productivity by

    growing working width,

    higher operational speed,

    larger storage volumes,

    which expands engine power, weight & size.

    Today weight and dimension are becoming a major limitation (NA, EU)

    Machines become smarter by

    Process Automation

    Internal System-and Process Control

    Machine Fleet Management

    Process Chain Control

    Autonomous Machine Control

    Technology drives productivity

    yet

    immature

    Source: Claas

    Source: Horsch

    Source: John Deere

    January 2017 Mobile Machines become Cyber-Physical Systems -2-

  • Faculty of Mechanical Science and Engineering - Institute of Natural Materials Technology

    Evolution to smart & connectedSource: Roland Berger Consultants

  • Faculty of Mechanical Science and Engineering - Institute of Natural Materials Technology

    o 5G mobile communicationo Internet of Things automated data

    exchange between deviceso Mobile/Cloud Computing Smart

    Phones, Tabletso Consumers Electronics Wearables

    o location based monitoring GIS information, UAS

    o Big Data Linked Open Data

    Future information and communication technology could change

    agricultural production processes in a unprecedented way !

  • Faculty of Mechanical Science and Engineering - Institute of Natural Materials Technology

    increasing complexityEmbedded System e.g. hitch controller

    Cyber-Physical Systeme.g. M2M, Telematics

    Vision: Internet of ThingsData & Services

    Controllernetzwerke.g.traktor-implement -ISO-Bus

    Evolution of machinesfrom embedded to cyberphysical systems

    communication wall between machine system and the world

  • Faculty of Mechanical Science and Engineering - Institute of Natural Materials Technology

    Challenges in Agri-Business

    connectivity

    sustainability

    biodiversity

    resource recirculation

    productivity

    peak performance

    process quality

    cost of ownership

    January 2017Mobile Machines become Cyber-Physical Systems -6-

  • Faculty of Mechanical Science and Engineering - Institute of Natural Materials Technology

    system of systemsproduct systemsmart,connected

    productsmart

    product

    How Smart, Connected Products Are Transforming Competition

    January 2017 Mobile Machines become Cyber-Physical Systems -7-

    Harvard Business Review | Nov. 2014 | http://hbr.org/search/R1411CMichael E. Porter is a University Professor at Harvard, based at Harvard Business School in BostonJames E. Heppelmann is the president and CEO of PTC

    product

    Farm

    equipm.

    system

    Farm

    Mgmt.

    system

    Farm

    equipm.

    system

    Weather

    data

    system

    Irrigation

    system

    Seed

    optim.

    system

  • Faculty of Mechanical Science and Engineering - Institute of Natural Materials Technology

    system of systemsproduct systemsmart,connected

    productsmart

    product

    Smart & Connected Just Got Started

    January 2017 Mobile Machines become Cyber-Physical Systems -8-

    product

    Farm

    equipm.

    system

    Farm

    Mgmt.

    system

    Farm

    equipm.

    system

    Weather

    data

    system

    Irrigation

    system

    Seed

    optim.

    system

    Asia

    North America

    Western Europe

    Eastern Europe

    Market Penetration

  • Faculty of Mechanical Science and Engineering - Institute of Natural Materials Technology

    Definition CyberPhysical System

    Definition Edward A. Lee, 2008 [1]:

    Cyber-Physical Systems (CPS) are integrations of computation with physical processes.

    Embedded computers and networks monitor and control the physical processes, usually with feedback loops where physical processes affect computations and vice versa.

    Acatech research agenda, 2012 [2]:

    Connection of physical system with information technology utilizing open global networks (e.g. Internet)

    Typical examples Smart Grids, Car-to-X

    [1] Cyber Physical Systems: Design Challenges, E. A. Lee, Technical Report No. UCB/EECS-2008-8;

    http://www.eecs.berkeley.edu/Pubs/TechRpts/2008/EECS-2008-8.html

    [2] Integrierte Forschungsagenda Cyber-Physical Systems, Acatech 2012; http://www.acatech.de/?id=1405

    January 2017 Mobile Machines become Cyber-Physical Systems -9-

  • Faculty of Mechanical Science and Engineering - Institute of Natural Materials Technology

    Definition of mobile cyber-physical systems

    Connectivitymachine to machinemachine to human

    machine to infrastructure

    Automation

    Security and safety

    Human centered

    New business models

    January 2017 Mobile Machines become Cyber-Physical Systems -10-

    systems of machines

    Systems of systems

    Future creation of added value takes place with many and in real time communicating players in closely connected networks .

    Roland Berger Strategy Consultants / BDI, 2015

    DIE DIGITALE TRANSFORMATION DER INDUSTRIE

  • Faculty of Mechanical Science and Engineering - Institute of Natural Materials Technology

    Autonomous systems in agriculturalenvironments

    January 2017 Mobile Machines become Cyber-Physical Systems -11-

    automation level: low assisted full

    car

    manufacturingenterprise

    process

    machine

    component

    Robust and economical viable automation is pre-condition for autonomous systems

    Problem of automation in biobased value chains:

    many disturbances and strong variation of inputs

    lack of sensors and process knowledge

    huge diversity of machines and execution of processes

    Griepentrog (2015), modified

    mobile machines in

    agriculture, forestry

    and construction

    potential of improvement

  • Faculty of Mechanical Science and Engineering - Institute of Natural Materials Technology

    Technology roadmap for developments driven by enhanced connectivity

    Oct 2016 Agriculture Systems & Technology -12-

    Source: Roland Berger Consultants

  • Faculty of Mechanical Science and Engineering - Institute of Natural Materials Technology

    mana-ger

    group leader

    prof. worker

    worker

    Challenge of Automationconsidering human as part of the system vs. a limitation

    January 2017 Mobile Machines become Cyber-Physical Systems -13-

    num

    ber

    of

    em

    plo

    yees

    with high automation

    low medium high

    current

    employeecompetence level

    with full automationobjective of high and

    collaborative automation

  • Faculty of Mechanical Science and Engineering - Institute of Natural Materials Technology

    Vision of systems of machines towards robotic swarms

    January 2017 Mobile Machines become Cyber-Physical Systems -15-

    Productivity, Customer Value

    Cost

  • Faculty of Mechanical Science and Engineering - Institute of Natural Materials Technology

    Evolution von Traktor Gerte Systemen

    -16-

    200019901980 2010 2020 2030

    + Klapp-kinematik

    + Navigation

    +Sensorik

    +Automatisierung

    +Traktion

    +

    +

    Farm-ManagementSystemext. Sensorik

    KONZEPTWECHSEL

    FMS

    1

    2

    +x Schwarmmodul

    ?

    Antriebe

    Rahmen

    konfigurierbar nach Prozesserforderniss

    Automatisierung

    Leistung skalierbar

    Produktivitt / WertschpfungGesamtsystem

    Traktion/Power/MMI Prozess

  • Faculty of Mechanical Science and Engineering - Institute of Natural Materials Technology

    Thank you for following through

    the future world of cyber-physical systems

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