How to Use Mac OS X Keyboard shortcut settings may cause some keyboard shortcuts to not function correctly. All keyboard shortcuts included in this book are current with the latest Mac operating system, OS X 10.5 Leopard. Understanding Symbols ...

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  • Dean Pirera 2008 - All Rights Reserved

    Keyboard Shortcuts

    by Dean Pirera

    Mac OS X

    for os x leopard

    How to Use

  • Dean Pirera 2008 - All Rights Reserved

    First Published in NSW, Australia 2008 by:

    Dean Pirera

    PO Box 767 Byron Bay, NSW 2481 Australia

    www.osxkeyboardshortcuts.com

    National Library of Australia

    Cataloguing-in-Publication entry:

    Pirera, Dean Andrew.

    How to Use Mac OS X Keyboard Shortcuts

    Includes index

    ISBN 9-780646-463513

    1. Mac OS - Handbooks, manuals etc. 2. Electronic data processing - Keyboarding -

    Handbooks, manuals, etc.

    I. Title.

    005.365

    Copyright Dean Pirera 20087. All rights reserved.

    The terms Apple, Macintosh, Mac, OS X, Leopard, Tiger, Panther, Adobe, Microsoft, Finder, Mail, iLife, iDVD, iMovie, iPhoto, iTunes, iWeb, Garageband, Safari, Mail, Windows, Windows

    Explorer are trademarks of their respective owners.

    DISCLAIMERInformation has been obtained from sources believed to be reliable. However, because of

    the possibility of human or mechanical error by our sources, Dean Pirera Byron IT does not guarantee the accuracy or adequacy of any information. Whilst every precaution has been taken in the preparation of this Book, Dean Pirera Byron IT is not responsible for errors

    or omissions, or for damages or loss resulting from the use of the information contained herein.

    Prepress and printing by Flawless Imaging Australia

    Graphic design and layout by Marcia Owen and Dean Pirera

    http://www.osxkeyboardshortcuts.com

  • iiiTable of Contents | Dean Pirera 2008 - All Rights Reserved

    1-2 About This Book1 Keyboard Shortcuts1 Some Quick Theory1-2 Understanding Symbols2 Included In This Guide2 Acknowledgements3-8 Key Descriptions3 Types of Keys3-4 Character Keys4-5 Modifier Keys5-6 Arrow Keys6-8 Function Keys9 Keyboard Symbols11-16 Accents & Special Characters11 Accent Codes (for vowels)11 Other Foreign Characters12 Mathematical Symbols12 Currency Symbols13 Punctuation Symbols13 Miscellaneous Characters14 Character Palette17-18 Troubleshooting Keys

    19-34 OS X21-24 Getting around in OS X25-28 Special Features29-34 Finder

    35-40 Mail

    41-44 Address Book

    45-50 Safari

    51-56 iTunes

    Introduction

    Chapter 1

    Chapter 2

    Chapter 3

    Chapter 4

    Chapter 5

    Table of Contents

  • iv Table of Contents | Dean Pirera 2008 - All Rights Reserved

    57-80 iLife 0859-62 iPhoto63-68 iWeb69-72 iMovie73-76 iDVD77-80 GarageBand

    81-90 Index

    Chapter 6

  • 1Introduction - About This Book | Dean Pirera 2008 - All Rights Reserved

    Introduction

    Keyboard Shortcuts

    This book shows you how to use the keyboard instead of your mouse to efficiently operate your Apple Macintosh computer. Different key combinations called keyboard shortcuts provide fast ways to initiate different actions. Utilising keyboard shortcuts allows you to move simply and quickly on your Mac.

    Some Quick Theory

    This book is written exclusively for Mac OS X. Mac OS X means Macintosh Operating System Version 10 (there were nine other versions before this one) and it is the name given to the underlying software that makes your Apple computer work.

    There are two basic ways to give an instruction on your Mac. One is through pressing the keys on the keyboard and the other is by moving and clicking the mouse. This book guides you through hundreds of ways to command your Mac by pressing the keys.

    Note: Using a non-standard Apple keyboard or altering your default keyboard shortcut settings may cause some keyboard shortcuts to not function correctly.

    All keyboard shortcuts included in this book are current with the latest Mac operating system, OS X 10.5 Leopard.

    Understanding Symbols

    When you click the top menu bar on your screen, for example File, you will see a vertical menu drop down displaying various words and

    About This Book

  • 2 Introduction - About This Book | Dean Pirera 2008 - All Rights Reserved

    phrases. These words and phrases are commands. To the right of some of these commands are groups of symbols and characters. Two examples are O or S.

    This notation is Apple shorthand for keyboard shortcuts - each shortcut refers to a specific command.

    Its important you learn what each symbol represents so that you know which keys to press when applying a shortcut. This is further explained on later pages in this book (see Key Descriptions page 3 and Apple Keyboard Symbols table, page 9).

    Included In This Guide

    This meticulously compiled reference guide covers core Mac OS X applications and contains over 1,000 quick shortcuts. Keyboard shortcuts have been laid out in clear and precise information tables providing a solid framework for learning.

    Descriptions of all keys are included and there is a section on accents, special characters and troubleshooting keys. Each keyboard shortcut in this book has been tested and checked.

    Using keyboard shortcuts builds fast navigation skills and helps you gain confidence on your Mac. Applying even just a few of these shortcuts can save you time and money. This book will help you understand your Mac better and harness its full potential.

    How to Use Mac OS X Keyboard Shortcuts is the most comprehensive shortcuts reference guide of its kind available and is highly recommended for any Mac user.

    Acknowledgements

    My sincere thanks to Marcia Owen, Clayton Lloyd, Mark Harris, Desiree Delaloye, Serge Benhayon, Gail Fuller, John Saunders, Cameron Bell and Phil Wallace for their input into the design, editing and proofing of this book and above of all for their honest feedback throughout the entire project.

  • 3Introduction - Key Descriptions | Dean Pirera 2008 - All Rights Reserved

    Types of Keys

    There are four kinds of keys: Character keys, Modifier keys, Arrow keys, and Function keys.

    The following descriptions explain these keys in detail including what the symbols marked on your Apple keyboard and within Apple file menus actually mean.

    Character Keys

    A character key sends a character to the computer. When the user holds down a modifier key, it alters the meaning of the character key being pressed.

    Character keys include letters, numbers, punctuation, the Space Bar, and nonprinting characters Tab, Enter, Return, Delete (or Backspace), Clear, and Esc (Escape).

    Space Bar

    In text, pressing the Space Bar enters a space between characters.

    When full keyboard access is turned on (see Full Keyboard Navigation with Universal Access & VoiceOver on page 22), pressing the Space Bar selects the item that currently has the keyboard navigation focus (the equivalent of clicking the mouse button).

    Tab

    The Tab key is used to insert a tab character when typing text. It can also advance you to the next item, window, box, option or menu within an application. You may need to test this one out to get the complete hang of it.

    Key Descriptions

  • 4 Introduction - Key Descriptions | Dean Pirera 2008 - All Rights Reserved

    Enter

    The Enter key, performs almost exactly the same function as the Return key. It does have some subtle differences but these go beyond the scope of this book. See Return key.

    Return

    Pressing the Return key moves the cursor to the next line when using any sort of text editor or processor like Mail or Word. It is also used to select the highlighted button in a dialog box menu.

    Delete

    This is the Backward Delete or Backspace key and on some keyboards is marked as a left pointing arrow or just delete. This key moves the cursor one position backwards, deleting the preceding character.

    Clear

    Pressing the Clear button in some applications will remove the selected data. For example, in Excel, it clears the data within a cell. This button is rarely used and is not found on laptops.

    Escape

    The Escape key, which is marked esc on most keyboards, can be used to dismiss pop up windows. In many cases, pressing it does nothing. However, it can sometimes get you out of trouble by making the computer go back or escape to a previous screen.

    Modifier Keys

    Modifier keys alter the way other keystrokes or mouse clicks are interpreted. When the user holds down a modifier key, it alters the meaning of the character key being pressed or what the mouse does when clicked.

  • 8 Introduction - Key Descriptions | Dean Pirera 2008 - All Rights Reserved

    Back-Tab

    This is not a key. Back-tab is accessed by holding down Shift whilst pressing the Tab key. It reverses the direction of normal tabbing. See also Tab key.

    Mouse Click

    This is not a key. Mouse click in this book refers to the mouse button (or left button on a standard 2 button mouse).

    Num Lock

    The num lock key pertains only to laptops. This key is a toggle key and is also labelled F6.

    When num lock is on, the embedded keypad is activated. If you look closely at the laptop keyboard you will see small numbers and symbols painted on corners of 17 of the middle-right keys.

    Picture 1: laptop keyboard

    Toggling A Key

    A toggle key is any key which turns a specific function on or off by pressing it once. num lock and caps lock are examples of toggle keys. When a toggle key is pressed on, a green light called a led usually appears on or near that key indicating that its function is active. When pressed again the led switches off and that keys function is deactivated.

  • 9Introduction - Keyboard Symbols | Dean Pirera 2008 - All Rights Reserved

    Symbol Key Name Keyboard Label Command or

    Option option or alt

    Shift shift

    Control control or ctrl

    Backward Delete delete or

    Forward Delete delete or del or

    Escape esc

    Eject

    fn Fn Key fn

    F1, F2, F3 ... F16 Function F1, F2, F3 ... F16

    Return return

    Enter enter

    Power button

    Left Arrow

    Right Arrow

    Up Arrow

    Down Arrow

    Page Up page up or pg up

    Page Down page down or pg dn

    Home home

    End end

    Tab tab

    Back-Tab no key

    Help help (or ins)

    Mouse click no key - mouse click button (left click on a two-button mouse)

    (not applicable) Clear clear

    (not applicable) Caps Lock caps lock

    (not applicable) Number Lock num lock

    space Space bar (no label)

    Keyboard Symbols

  • 11Introduction - Accents & Special Characters | Dean Pirera 2008 - All Rights Reserved

    Accents &Special Characters

    From time to time you may need to use more uncommon characters or symbols, for example , , , and . The following tables list all special, foreign, mathematical and miscellaneous characters and symbols available through the keyboard.

    Accent Codes (for vowels)Letter Accent Type Shortcut Acute E let go then press any vowel

    Circumflex I let go then press any vowel

    Grave ` let go then press any vowel

    Tilde N let go then press a, n or o(only works with a, n & o)

    Umlaut U let go then press any vowel

    Examples:To type hold down then the I key. Release both keys, then type the lower case e.To type hold down then the N key. Release both keys, then type the upper case O.

    Other Foreign CharactersCharacter Explanation Shortcut

    Spanish/Frenchquotation marks

    \

    Upside-down exclamation mark

    1

    German Sharp/Double S S

    Spanish/Frenchquotation marks

    \

    Upside-down question mark /

    AE ligature(caps / lower case)

    or

    Nordic A ring(caps / lower case)

    A or A

    French C cedile(caps / lower case)

    C or C

  • 17Introduction - Troubleshooting Keys | Dean Pirera 2008 - All Rights Reserved

    The table below lists shortcut keys for troubleshooting your Mac or accessing it in different ways. Keep this table handy.

    On StartupStart up from a bootable CD Press and hold C during startup

    Eject a CD or DVD Hold Mouse button downimmediately after startup

    Force the internal hard disk (or first partition) to be the startup device

    Press and hold D during startup

    Attempt to start up from a compatible network server(NetBoot)

    Press and hold N during startup

    Force PowerBook to reset the screen Press and hold R during startup

    Start up in FireWire Target Disk mode Press and hold T during startup

    Force Mac OS X startup Press and hold X during startup

    Select startup operating system Press and hold during startup

    Start up in Safe Boot mode and temporarily disable login items and non-essential kernel extension files (Mac OS X 10.2 and later)

    Press and hold during startup

    Start up in Single-User mode (command line) Press and hold S during startup

    Start up in Verbose mode Press and hold V during startup

    Clear NV RAM Press and hold NV during startup

    Boot into open firmware Press and hold OF during startup

    Zap PRAM (hold down until second chime) Press and hold PR during startup

    Bypass primary startup volume and seek a differentstartup volume (such as a CD or external disk)

    Press and hold during startup

    When System is RunningForce Quit (Application)

    Quit all applications and restart

    Force shutdown computer Press and hold the power button on the computer for six seconds

    Troubleshooting Keys

  • 19Chapter 1 - OS X | Dean Pirera 2008 - All Rights Reserved

    1OS X

  • 20 Chapter 1 - OS X | Dean Pirera 2008 - All Rights Reserved

    Organise your Mac with Finder, execute commands from any application and utilise special OS X features including The Dock, Dashboard, Spotlight, Universal Access and VoiceOver.

    OS X

  • 21Chapter 1 - OS X - Getting around in OS X | Dean Pirera 2008 - All Rights Reserved

    Getting around in OS XLearn to navigate windows, folders and files, perform important operating system tasks, instantly take screen snapshots and enable Full Keyboard Access, Universal Access and VoiceOver.

  • 22 Chapter 1 - OS X - Getting around in OS X | Dean Pirera 2008 - All Rights Reserved

    Getting around in OS XRestart, Sleep, Shutdown pop-up box

    Quit all applications and restart

    Switch to that application and hide previousapplication

    (in another application)

    Sleep or

    Show pop-up box for Restart, Sleep or Shutdown

    Cycle through windows in application or Finder(if more than one window is open)

    `

    Show Colors palette in application C

    Show pop up menu with path to current folder or document

    (the application window title)

    Fast shutdown or

    Unconditionally reboot(warning rebooting this way may corrupt disk)

    Put late model PowerBooks & Desktops to sleep

    Bring up debugger (if debugger installed)

    New N

    Open O

    Close W

    Save S

    Save As... S

    Print P

    Take a picture (screenshot) of the screen 3

    Take a picture (screenshot) of the screen, but place it in the Clipboard instead if making a file

    3

    Take a picture (screenshot) of the selection 4

    Take a picture (screenshot) of the selection, but place it inClipboard instead if making a file

    4 then press whileselecting

    Take a picture (screenshot) of the selected window 4 then space then

    Note: Screenshots are saved to the Desktop as a PNG file

    Show Font palette in application T

    Switch application

    Move or remove item from toolbar (at the top of the window)

    Drag item with mouse

    Open Sidebar item in a new window the Sidebar item

    Cancel a drag-and-drop action while in the midst of dragging

    whilst dragging a file or folder

  • 25Chapter 1 - OS X - Special Features | Dean Pirera 2008 - All Rights Reserved

    Special FeaturesLearn to use special OS X features including The Dock, Dashboard, Expos, Spaces, Spotlight and Dictionary. These unique system features provide efficient and creative access to your Mac.

  • 26 Chapter 1 - OS X - Special Features | Dean Pirera 2008 - All Rights Reserved

    The DockShow contextual (pop up) menu any Dock icon

    or and hold Dock icon

    Note: When you click and hold a Dock icon, pressing changes Quit to Force Quit

    Reveal dock application, file or folder in the Finder any Dock icon

    Freeze current dock items from moving so icon can be dropped onto an application

    Drag into Dock

    Open a file in a specific application Drag into Dock

    Force a file to open in a specific application Drag into Dock

    Move a Dock item to somewhere else on the hard drive

    Drag the icon from the Dock to a new destination in the Finder window

    Activate application/file and hide all other applica-tions/windows (does not work in all applications)

    any Dock icon

    Resize the Dock Drag Dock separator to size

    Force the Dock to only resize to non-interpolated icon sizes

    Hold while dragging Dock separator

    Move Dock to left, bottom, right side of screen Hold and drag Dock divider to the left right or bottom of screen

    Show/Hide Dock D

    DashboardDelete widget without having to open widget menu Hover over Widget

    Show/Hide Widget Dock =

    Cycle to next/previous page of widgets in widget dock

    or

    Reload/refresh a widget R

    Expos & SpacesShow/Hide SpacesTo activate this shortcut, check the Enable Spaces box in System Preferences>Expos & Spaces

    F8

    Switch between Spaces or

    Show All Windows(Expose)

    F9

    Show All Windows of Current Application(Expose)

    F10

    Clear Desktop(Expose)

    F11

    Open Dashboard F12

  • 29Chapter 1 - OS X - Finder | Dean Pirera 2008 - All Rights Reserved

    FinderView and manage folders, customise and add favourite items to the Finder window, view detailed information about files and folders and fast preview documents and images with Cover Flow.

  • 30 Chapter 1 - OS X - Finder | Dean Pirera 2008 - All Rights Reserved

    Getting around in FinderOpen Preferences ,

    Empty Trash

    Empty Trash (skip pop-up box)

    New Finder Window N

    Open O

    Open in this Window O

    Always Open With (from the Finder menu) O

    Always Open WIth(from the desktop or from within a Finder Window)

    file, hold then select the application

    Close Window W

    Close All W or the red dot at the top left of any standard window

    Move to Trash or

    Get Info I

    Get Summary Info I

    Show/Hide Inspector(a single, live refreshing Info window)

    I

    Cycle Through Windows

    Eject E

    Minimise M

    Minimise All M

    Hide Finder H

    Hide Others H

    Working with Files & FoldersNew Folder N

    New Smart Folder N

    Rename the selected file/folder or

    Quick Look/Close Quick Look Y

    Slideshow/Close Slideshow Y or

    Undo/Redo Z

    Cut X

    Copy C

    Copy file to new location Drag

    Move to new location without copying Drag file or folder with mouse

    Paste V

  • 35Chapter 2 - Mail | Dean Pirera 2008 - All Rights Reserved

    2Mail

  • 36 Chapter 2 - Mail | Dean Pirera 2008 - All Rights Reserved

    Send and receive emails, attach documents and pictures to messages, send group emails, create mailboxes, store multiple email accounts, and customise message text.

    Mail

  • 37Chapter 2 - Mail | Dean Pirera 2008 - All Rights Reserved

    Getting around in MailOpen Preferences ,

    Close Preferences .

    Get All New Mail N

    New Message N

    New Note N

    New To Do Y

    Open Message O or double-click the message or press (when the message is highlighted)

    Close (window) W

    Close All (windows) W

    Save (as Draft) S

    Save As... S

    Attach File A

    Quick Look Attachments Y

    Print P

    Delete (highlighted message) or

    Minimise M

    Minimise All M

    Hide Mail H

    Hide Others (applications) H

    Quit Mail Q

    ViewingNew Viewer Window N

    Show/Hide Activity Viewer 0

    Show/Hide Address Panel A

    View Message Long Headers / Default Headers H

    View Message Raw Source /Original Content U

    Plain Text Alternative P

    Previous Alternative [

    Next Alternative ]

    Select All Messages in this Thread K

    Mailbox Search F

    Find... (text in a single message body) F

  • 41Chapter 3 - Address Book | Dean Pirera 2008 - All Rights Reserved

    3Address Book

  • 42 Chapter 3 - Address Book | Dean Pirera 2008 - All Rights Reserved

    Stores names, phone numbers, emails and addesses, create email groups, make address labels and print a pocket-sized address book. Emails stored here are available in Apple Mail.

    Address Book

  • 45Chapter 4 - Safari | Dean Pirera 2008 - All Rights Reserved

    4Safari

  • 46 Chapter 4 - Safari | Dean Pirera 2008 - All Rights Reserved

    Browse the internet, bookmark favorite webpages, store login passwords and use tabbed browsing.

    Safari

  • 51Chapter 5 - iTunes | Dean Pirera 2008 - All Rights Reserved

    5iTunes

  • 52 Chapter 5 - iTunes | Dean Pirera 2008 - All Rights Reserved

    Store and play music from cds, downloads, internet radio stations, movies and podcasts. Buy music and movies from the iTunes Store. Create your own playlists and burn audio cds. Synchronise your music photos and films to your iPod and iPhone.

    iTunes

  • 57Chapter 6 - iLife | Dean Pirera 2008 - All Rights Reserved

    6iLife 08

  • 58 Chapter 6 - iLife | Dean Pirera 2008 - All Rights Reserved

    The iLife 08 suite consists of iPhoto, iWeb, iMovie, iDVD and GarageBand.

    iLife 08

  • 59Chapter 6 - iLife - iPhoto | Dean Pirera 2008 - All Rights Reserved

    iPhotoImport photos to create your own albums, slideshows, cards and calendars. Edit and resize images, email pictures and upload photos to the web.

  • 63Chapter 6 - iLife - iWeb | Dean Pirera 2008 - All Rights Reserved

    iWebUse iWeb to create and publish websites and blogs. iWeb comes installed with professionally designed website templates. Learn to create complex web pages and build your own professional looking site.

  • 69Chapter 6 - iLife - iMovie | Dean Pirera 2008 - All Rights Reserved

    iMovieCreate your own personally designed motion pictures. Learn to edit, play and export your movie into iDVD. Add music, text, special effects and pictures to your video footage.

  • 73Chapter 6 - iLife - iDVD | Dean Pirera 2008 - All Rights Reserved

    iDVDCreate your very own DVDs using a range of attractive Apple-designed themes. Insert your choice of text, movies, pictures and mu-sic from various Mac applications.

  • 77Chapter 6 - iLife - GarageBand | Dean Pirera 2008 - All Rights Reserved

    GaragebandRecord and create your own music for cd, radio, movies and podcasts. Choose from thousands of samples (loops) to complete your own masterpiece.

  • 81Index | Dean Pirera 2008 - All Rights Reserved

    A accents & special characters, 11-16 accent codes (for vowels), 11 character palette, 14-15 currency symbols, 12-13 mathematical symbols, 12 miscellaneous characters, 13-14 other foreign characters, 11-12 punctuation symbols, 13 acknowledgements, 2 Address Book, 43-44 creating & editing cards, 43 getting around in Address Book, 43 help menu, 44 services, 44 viewing, 43-44 albums (iPhoto), 60 alt, 5 apple menu, 23 arranging (GarageBand), 80 arrow, 6 arrow keys, 5-6

    B back-tab, 7 bookmarks (Safari), 48-49

    C caps lock, 5 character explanation, 14-15 foreign, 11-12 keys, 3-4 miscellaneous, 13-14 palette, 14-15 picture 1, 15 clear, 4 command, 5 commands - miscellaneous (Mail), 40 controls iTunes, 53-54 iPhoto (Slideshow),

    Index

  • 82 Index | Dean Pirera 2008 - All Rights Reserved

    62 Chapters Chapter 1 OS X, 19-34 Chapter 2 Mail, 35-40 Chapter 3 Address Book, 41-44 Chapter 4 Safari, 45-50 Chapter 5 iTunes, 51-56 Chapter 6 iLife 08, 57-80 creating cards (Address Book), 43 currency symbols, 12-13 custom shortcuts (Safari), 49

    D dashboard, 26 delete, 4 dock (the), 26

    E editing Address Book, 43 Finder, 30-31 GarageBand, 79-80 iDVD, 74-75 iMovie, 71-72 iPhoto, 61-62 iTunes, 55 iWeb, 64-67 Mail, 39 Safari, 47-48 eject, 7 end, 6 enter, 4 escape, 4 expos & spaces, 26

    F features (special), 25-28 files Finder, 30-31 Finder, 29-33 getting around in Finder, 30 services, 32-33

  • 83Index | Dean Pirera 2008 - All Rights Reserved

    using the Finder window, 32 viewing & navigating, 31-32 workingwithfiles&folders, 30-31 fn, 7 folders Finder, 30-31 iPhoto, 60 fonts (Mail), 39 foreign characters, 11-12 formatting Address Book, 43 Finder, 30-31 GarageBand, 80 iDVD, 74-75 iMovie, 71-72 iPhoto, 61-62 iTunes, 55 iWeb, 64-65 Mail, 39 Safari, 47-48 forward delete, 6 full keyboard navigation, 24 function keys, 6-8

    G GarageBand, 77-80 editing, arranging & recording, 80 getting around in GarageBand, 78 help menu, 80 in notation view, 79 playback & navigation, 80 services, 80 track info pane, 78-79 tracks, 78 viewing windows & editors, 79

    getting around in Address Book, 43 Finder, 30 GarageBand, 78 iDVD, 74 iMovie, 70

  • 84 Index | Dean Pirera 2008 - All Rights Reserved

    iPhoto, 60 iTunes, 53 iWeb, 64 Mail, 37 Safari, 47 Getting around in OS X, 21-24 help menu, 23 full keyboard navigation, 24 getting around in OS X (table), 22-23 mouse keys, 23 pop-up windows, 23 special features, 25-28

    H help Address Book, 44 Finder, 23 GarageBand, 80 iDVD, 75 iMovie, 72 iPhoto, 62 iTunes, 56 iWeb, 67 Mail, 40 Safari, 50 help key, 6 home, 6

    I iDVD, 73-76 editing, 74-75 getting around in iDVD, 74 help menu, 75 services, 75 viewing, 74 working on a project, 75 iMovie, 69-72 editing, 71-72 getting around in iMovie, 70 help menu, 72 navigating, 70 viewing, 70-71

  • 85Index | Dean Pirera 2008 - All Rights Reserved

    included in this guide, 2 info pane (GarageBand), 78-79 intoduction, 1-10 iPhoto, 59-62 albums & folders, 60 editing a photobook, 62 getting around in iPhoto, 60 help menu, 62 rating photos, 62 services, 62 slideshow controls, 62 viewing, 60-61 working with photos, 61-62 iPod, 56 iLife 08, 59-80 iTunes, 53-56 controls, 53-54 editing, 55 getting around in iTunes, 53 help menu, 56 iPod, 56 iTunes store, 56 library & playlist, 55-56 services, 56 viewing, 54-55 with visualiser on, 55 iWeb, 63-68 formatting text, 64-65 getting around in iWeb, 64 help menu, 67 manipulating objects, 65-66 selecting and editing, 66-67 services, 67 viewing, 64

    K keyboard shortcuts, 1 keyboard symbols, 9 keys/keyboard alt, 5 arrow, 5-6

  • 86 Index | Dean Pirera 2008 - All Rights Reserved

    back-tab, 7 caps lock, 5 character, 3 clear, 4 command, 5 control, 5 delete, 4 descriptions, 3 eject, 7 end, 6 enter, 4 escape, 4 fn, 7 full keyboard navigation, 24 forward delete, 6 function, 6,7 help, 6 home, 6 modifer, 4 mouse click, 8 num lock, 8 option, 5 page down, 7 page up, 7 power, 7 return, 4 shift, 4-5 space bar, 3 symbols (table), 9 tab, 3 toggling, 8 troubleshooting, 17 types, 3

    L laptop keyboard (picture 1), 8 library (iTunes), 55-56

    M Mail, 37-40 getting around in Mail, 37 help menu, 40

  • 87Index | Dean Pirera 2008 - All Rights Reserved

    mailboxes, 38 miscellaneous commands, 40 receiving messages, 38 sending messages, 38-39 services, 40 viewing, 37-38 working with fonts, formatting & spelling, 39 mailboxes, 38 mathematical symbols, 12 messages (Mail), 38-39 miscellaneous characters, 13-14 miscellaneous commands (Mail), 40 miscellaneous shortcuts, 27-28 modifierkeys, 4-5 mouse click, 8 mouse keys, 23

    N navigating/navigation Finder, 31-32 full keyboard, 24 GarageBand, 80 iMovie, 70 Safari, 48-49 notation view (GarageBand), 79 num lock, 8

    O option, 5 OS X getting around in Mail, 37 getting around in OS X, 21-24 getting around in OS X (table), 22-23 introduction, 1 theory (some quick), 1

    P page down, 7 page up, 7 photobook (iPhoto), 62 photo ratings (iPhoto), 62

  • 88 Index | Dean Pirera 2008 - All Rights Reserved

    picture 1 (laptop keyboard), 8 picture 2 (character palette), 14 playback (GarageBand), 80 playlist (iTunes), 55-56 pop-up windows, 23 power, 7 projects (iDVD), 75 punctuation symbols, 13

    R rating photos (iPhoto), 62 receiving messages (Mail), 38 recording (GarageBand), 80 return, 4

    S Safari, 47-50 bookmarks & navigation, 48-49 custom shortcuts, 49 editing & searching, 47-48 getting around in Safari, 47 help menu, 50 in bookmarks view, 49 services, 50 viewing, 47 searching (Safari), 47-48 sending messages (Mail), 38-39 services Address Book, 44 Finder, 32-33 GarageBand, 80 iDVD, 75 iPhoto, 62 iTunes, 56 iWeb, 67 Mail, 40 Safari, 50 shift, 4 slideshow controls (iPhoto), 62 space bar, 3 special characters, 11 special features, 25-28

  • 89Index | Dean Pirera 2008 - All Rights Reserved

    dashboard, 26 dock (the), 26 expos & spaces, 26 miscellaneous shortcuts, 27-28 spotlight, 27 spelling iPhoto, 61-62 iWeb, 64-65 Mail, 39 Safari, 47-48 spotlight, 27 symbols, 2, 9

    T tab, 3 table of contents, iii-iv theory, 1 toggling a key, 8 tracks (GarageBand), 78 troubleshooting keys, 17 types of keys, 3

    U understanding symbols, 1-2

    V viewing Address Book, 43-44 Finder, 31-32 GarageBand, 79 iDVD, 74 iMovie, 70-71 iPhoto, 60-61 iTunes, 54-55 iWeb, 64 Mail, 37-3 Safari, 47, 49 visualiser iTunes, 55

    W window Finder, 32 GarageBand, 79

  • Dean Pirera 2008 - All Rights Reserved

    www.osxkeyboardshortcuts.com

    This book shows you how to use the keyboard instead of the mouse to quickly execute tasks on your Mac.

    Over 1,000 quick shortcuts Shortcuts for iLife 08 Descriptions of all keys and symbols Clear precise information tables Move instantly between applications Easy navigation to save time and money Mac OS X troubleshooting keys Access accents and special characters Access currency and mathematics symbols Access punctuation and foreign characters

    How to Use Mac OS X Keyboard Shortcuts is the most comprehensive shortcuts reference guide of its kind - a great book for any Mac user.

    How to Use

    keyboard shortcutsMac OS X

    http://www.osxkeyboardshortcuts.com

    About This BookIntroductionKeyboard ShortcutsSome Quick TheoryUnderstanding SymbolsIncluded In This Guide Acknowledgements

    Key DescriptionsTypes of Keys Character Keys Modifier Keys Arrow Keys Function Keys

    Keyboard SymbolsAccents & Special CharactersAccent Codes (for vowels)Other Foreign Characters Mathematical Symbols Currency Symbols Punctuation Symbols Miscellaneous Characters Character Palette

    Troubleshooting KeysOS XGetting around in OS XSpecial FeaturesFinder

    MailAddress BookSafariiTunesiLife 08iPhotoiWebiMovieiDVDGarageband

    Index