Healthier Living & Learning Engaging Parents and ?· Healthier Living & Learning ... personal, social…

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  • EngagingParents and

    CarersGuidance for Schools

    Healthier Living & Learning

  • Foreword Pg4Introduction Pg7Whyisitimportantforschoolstoengagewithparents/carersaspartoftheNationalHealthySchoolsProgramme? Pg8Whataresomeofthefactorsthatmightaffectparent/carerparticipationinschools? Pg1Workingwithhardtoengageparents/carers Pg1Waysofengagingwithgroupsofparents/carers Pg16Ladderofparental/carerparticipation Pg18LeadershipandManagement Pg0Usingself-evaluationtoimproveparental/carerparticipation Pg Howhavewereachedourcurrentposition? Pg Wheredowewanttobeinthefuture? Pg4Parental/carerparticipationandOfstedsSelfEvaluationForm Pg5 UsingtheNHSPNationalAudittoaddress issuesraisedintheOfstedSEF,Section Pg5ToolsandTechniques Pg8Conclusion Pg1UsefulWebsites PgReferences PgAppendix1-Self-reviewofparticipationwithparents/carers Pg4Appendix-Engagementsummary Pg8

    Contents

    Healthier Living & Learning

  • 4

    ForewordThisdocumenthasbeenwrittenforschools,LocalProgrammeCo-ordinatorsandotherpartneragenciesinvolvedintheNationalHealthySchoolsProgramme.Itaimstosetoutarangeofgoodpracticeexamplesandstrategiesfortheeffectiveengagementofparents/carers,includingthosethataredifficulttoengage.

  • 5

    Inthisdocumentthetermparents/carerswillbeusedtorefertoallcategoriesofparentwhichincludesteenageparents,singleparents,fosterparents,corporateparents(localauthority),fathers,samesexparents,parentsfromvulnerablefamilygroups(e.g.thoseaffectedbysubstancemisuse),asylumseekingparents,stepparents,recentlyseparatedparents,legalguardians,parentswithEnglishasasecondlanguageandparentswithadisability.

    Essentiallyparents/carerswillbeusedtocoveranyadultororganisationoperatingwithinaparentingrole,includingmembersoftheextendedfamilyandlocalauthorities.

    Parents/carersarenotahomogenousgroupandassuchtheyhavedifferentneedsandthereforemayrequiredifferentmethodsofengagement.

    How should this document be used?Inthisdocumentwelookatwhyitisimportantforschoolstoengagewithparents/carersaspartoftheNationalHealthySchoolsProgramme,whatthecurrentlevelsofparticipationareinschools,aswellaswaysofworkingwithhardtoengageparents/carers.

    WeincludeaSelfEvaluationTool,foundatAppendix1,toassesscurrentlevelsofparent/carerparticipation.TheEngagementSummary,foundatAppendix,willhelpschoolsidentifythebenefitsofusingparticularmethodstoengageindividualparents/carers.Itwillalsoallowschoolstocomparecurrentpracticewiththeladderofparticipationfoundonpage18.

    CentraltotheNationalHealthySchoolsProgrammeistheWholeSchoolApproach1andworkingwithparents/carersisasignificantaspectofthis.Ifparents/carersareeffectivelyengagedinschoollife,theyaremorelikelytoparticipateandplayanactiveroleinsupportingtheirchildrentoachieve,andtohelpschoolssuccessfullygainandmaintainNationalHealthySchoolStatus.

    1NationalHealthySchoolsProgramme(007)WholeSchoolApproachtotheNationalHealthySchoolsProgramme

  • 6

  • 7

    IntroductionTheGovernmentiskeentopromotestrongpartnershipsinvolvingparents/carersandschools.TheDepartmentforChildren,SchoolsandFamilies(DCSF)WhitepaperHigherStandards,BetterSchoolsforAllMoreChoiceforParentsandPupils(005)setsoutacommitmenttoincreasingtheinvolvementofparents/carersinschoolsandensuringthattheirvoiceisheard.

    TheDepartmentforChildren,SchoolsandFamiliespublishedtheChildrensPlanwhichsetsouttheGovernments10yearplanforchildren.AswellaswhatitcallsarootandbranchreviewofEnglishprimaryeducation,italsocontainsplansforparentrunschoolcouncilsandanationalpanelofparentstoadviseministersaspartofeffortstojoinupandimprovetheschoolandhomeexperienceofchildren.

    TheGovernmentproposestoplaceafurthernewdutyongoverningbodiestoformallytakeintoaccounttheviewsofparents/carers.

    DCSF(005)HigherStandards,BetterSchoolsforAll-MoreChoiceforParentsandPupilsDCSF(007)ChildrensPlan

  • 8

    Why is it important forschools to engagewith parents/carers as partof the NHSP?AHealthySchoolisawelcoming,openschool,whichactivelyincludesparents/carersaspartofthewholeschoolcommunity.Itencouragesparental/carerinvolvementandprovidestheinformationandguidanceaparent/carerneedstosupporttheirchildshealth,wellbeing,happinessandoveralleducationalsuccess.Itachievesthisthroughregularcommunicationandbycreatingarangeofopportunitiesforparents/carerstobeinvolvedinschoolactivities.Itwillalsouseeffectiveproceduresforfeedback,consultation,participationandcomplaints.

    TheDCSFdocumentEveryParentMatters(007)4makescleartheGovernmentsviewthatparents/carersshouldbeempoweredtoinfluenceandshapepublicservices,suchasschools,andbeginthenationaldebateastohowparents/carerscanbebestsupportedandengaged.Itoutlinestheinfluentialrolethatparents/carersplayinthedevelopmentoftheirchildslearningandconfirmsthatparentalinvolvementina

    childsschoolingbetweentheagesof7-16isamorepowerfulforcethanfamilybackground,sizeoffamilyandlevelofparentaleducation.

    EveryParentMattersdrawsonresearchwhichfoundthatmostparents/carersbelievethattheresponsibilityfortheirchildseducationissharedbetweenparents/carersandschools.

    Italsohighlightsthat7percentofparents/carerssaidtheywantedmoreinvolvement.EveryParentMattersoutlinesfurthernationaldevelopments,including:

    greateraccesstoparent/carersupportadviserswhowilllinkcloselywiththe

    ExtendedSchoolsAgendahealth-ledparent/carerprojectsaNationalAcademyforParentingPractitionerstransitionalinformationsessions throughExtendedSchoolsServices.

    4DCSF(007)EveryParentMatters

  • healthy eating

    Theme Name

    emotional health & wellbeing

    personal, social & health education

    Physical activity

    Beyond National Healthy School Status

    Mmm

    Pupil Identity

    OK

    Me

    Activ

    Mmm

    OK

    Me

    Activ

    Mmm

    OK

    Me

    Activ

    Mmm

    OK

    Me

    Activ

    Personal, Social& Health Education

    Emotional Health& WellBeing

    HealthyEating

    PhysicalActivity

    Beyond NationalHealthy School Status

    WholeSchool

    Approach

    healthy eating

    Theme Name

    emotional health & wellbeing

    personal, social & health education

    Physical activity

    Beyond National Healthy School Status

    Mmm

    Pupil Identity

    OK

    Me

    Activ

    Mmm

    OK

    Me

    Activ

    Mmm

    OK

    Me

    Activ

    Mmm

    OK

    Me

    Activ

    Personal, Social& Health Education

    Emotional Health& WellBeing

    HealthyEating

    PhysicalActivity

    Beyond NationalHealthy School Status

    healthy eating

    Theme Name

    emotional health & wellbeing

    personal, social & health education

    Physical activity

    Beyond National Healthy School Status

    Mmm

    Pupil Identity

    OK

    Me

    Activ

    Mmm

    OK

    Me

    Activ

    Mmm

    OK

    Me

    Activ

    Mmm

    OK

    Me

    Activ

    Personal, Social& Health Education

    Emotional Health& WellBeing

    HealthyEating

    PhysicalActivity

    Beyond NationalHealthy School Status

    healthy eating

    Theme Name

    emotional health & wellbeing

    personal, social & health education

    Physical activity

    Beyond National Healthy School Status

    Mmm

    Pupil Identity

    OK

    Me

    Activ

    Mmm

    OK

    Me

    Activ

    Mmm

    OK

    Me

    Activ

    Mmm

    OK

    Me

    Activ

    Personal, Social& Health Education

    Emotional Health& WellBeing

    HealthyEating

    PhysicalActivity

    Beyond NationalHealthy School Status

    1. setting up aHealthy Schoolstask group

    2. conducting aneeds analysis andidentifying gaps

    3. planning outcomesand actions

    4. implementing change

    5. monitoring

    6. review

    7. achievingNational Healthy School Status

    HealthySchoolsareexpectedtoinvolveparents/carerswhensettinguptheirHealthySchoolsTaskGroup.ThistaskgroupisintegraltotheWholeSchoolApproach(seediagrambelow).

    *PSHE=Personal,Social,HealthandEconomiceducationatKeystage

  • 10

    TheOfstedreportHealthySchools,HealthyChildren?(006)5foundthatconsultationwithparents/carerswasakeyfactorintheextenttowhichschoolswereabletosuccessfullypromotehealthierlifestyles.

    Asuccessfulhome-schoolrelationshipcanbeakeyelementtomakingaschoolstrongerandmoreeffective.Itcanalsocontributetoachievingthefiveoutcomeswhicharemostimportanttochildrenandyoungpeople,includingstayinghealthy,assetoutinEveryChildMatters:ChangeforChildren.6

    Ensuringfullengagementofparents/carersintheschoolisanactivitythatconstantlyneedstobereviewedandevaluated.Schoolsneedtomakesurethattheycontinuetoachievemaximumparticipationandengagement,includingwiththoseparents/carersthataredescribedashardtoreach/difficulttoengage.AmorerecentOfstedsurvey,Parents,CarersandSchools(007)7looksintotherelationshipbetweenparent/carersupportandchildrenandyoungpeopleslearning.Itfoundthatalltheschoolsintheirsurveyvaluedtheviewsofparents/carersviews.Inadditiontothis,thebestschools:

    encourageparents/carersasactivepartnersdemonstrateversatility,flexibilityand

    determinationintheireffortstoengage withparents/carersidentifypreciselyhowparents/carers cancontributeevaluatetheimpactofinitiativesand,ifthey

    donotwork,thenchangethewayinwhichtheyarepromoted,untiltheydowork.

    Agoodinductionarrangementforchildrenandyoungpeoplewasfoundtobeessentialinengagingparents/carerssuccessfullyandforestablishingaworkingpartnershipwithfamilies,rightfromthestart.Welcomingtheextendedfamilyintoschoolsisalsobecomingincreasinglyimportant,witharecommendationthatschoolsshouldactivelyinvolvegrandparentsintheirgrandchildrenslearning.

    Moreandmoreschoolsarenowprovidingextendedactivities,includingparentingsupport.Thisincludesprovidingaccessto:

    parentingprogrammesusingstructured,evidencebasedprogrammes,aswell

    asmoreinformationopportunitiesforparents/carerstoengagewiththeschoolandeachother

    familylearningsessionstoallowchildren tolearnwithparents/carersinformationsessionsforparent/carerssignpostingtonationalandlocallyavailable

    sourcesofinformationadviceandsupport.

    TheExtendedSchoolsServices8increasetheopportunitiesforjointactivitieswithchildrenandyoungpeopleandparents/carers.

    5Ofsted(006)HealthySchools,HealthyChildren?6DCSF(004)EveryChildMatters:ChangeforChildren7Ofsted(007)Parents,CarersandSchools8DCSF(005)ExtendedSchools:BuildingonExperience

  • 11

    Marsden Community Primary School

    MarsdenCommunityPrimaryschool,inLancashire,hasahighnumberofchildrenofPakistaniorigin.Itwasnoticedthatitwasmainlymothersratherthanfatherswhoparticipatedinmostoftheextendedservicesschoolactivities.

    Inanefforttoencouragemorefatherstoparticipateinactivities,aFatherandKidsTogetherclub(FAKT)wassetup.Thisclubprovidedweeklyactivitiesforfathersandtheirchildrenincludinghealthycookandeattogethersessions,aswellasarangeofsportingactivities,suchascrowngreenbowling,basketballandindoorkwikcricket.

    FAKTgotofftoaveryslowstart,withrelativelysmallnumbersattending.Postersandflyerswereproducedaswellasstafftalkingtoparents/carersabouttheprojectattheschoolgate.MotherswerealsotargetedtoencouragethefatherstosupportFAKT.Themoresuccessfultheirefforts,thegreatertheamountoffreetimeFAKTwouldbeabletogenerateforthemothers!

    Therangeofstrategiesusedbytheschoolandtheiroverallpersistencepaidoff,asFAKTisnowconsideredahugesuccess.Asaresultofthetimefathersspendwiththeirchildren,theyhavereportedanecdotally,thattheyenjoyanenhancedrelationshipwiththeirchildren.Fathersarealsomorewillingtocomeintoschoolto

    Case Study

    supporttheirchildrenslearning.MarsdenCommunityPrimarySchoolishopingtoextendtherangeofclubsthatithasonoffertoencourageevengreaterparticipation.

  • 1

    What are some ofthe factors thatmight affect parent/carer participationin schools?

    Manyparents/carersalreadyacknowledgeawillingnesstobeinvolvedintheirchildsschoolandlearning.Someparents/carersmayneedextrahelptosupporttheirchildren.Forexample,someparents/carersmay:

    havehadadifficulttimewhentheywereatschoolthemselvesandmaylackconfidence

    comefrombackgroundsandcultures whereinvolvementbyparentsineducation

    ishighlydiscouragedhavedifficultiesinengagingwithschool

    activitiesduetoworkinghoursand/orlocationofwork.

    Someparents/carerswillfallintothehardtoreach/difficulttoengagecategoryandwillrequireanongoing,targetedapproach.Theseissuesareexploredinthenextsectionofthisguidance.

  • 1

    Working with hard to engage parents/carers

    familieswhereoneorbothparents/carersareinvolvedinthecriminaljusticesystem

    longtermsickparents/carersparents/carerswithlittleinterestintheirchild

    andtheireducationfamilieswheredomesticviolenceisanissuefamilieswhereachildisdoingwellatschool

    andconsequentlytheirparents/carerssusequentlydonotthinktheyneedtobeinvolvedintheireducation.

    TheaboveisnotanexhaustivelistanditisimportanttorememberthatnotattendingtheschoolplayisverydifferenttoneverattendingwhenaskedbytheHeadteacherattimesofcrisis.Inmanycasesengagementcanbeachieved,butitmaytakeconsiderabletimeandeffort.Itmayalsobebestachievedbystaffmembers,suchaskeyworkers,whoareattachedtobutnotpartoftheschool.

    Astrategywhichsomeschoolsuse,istoidentifyaparent/carerco-ordinatorrolewithintheirstaffingstructure.Thisrolecanensuretheco-ordinationofallaspectsoftheschoolsliaisonswithallparents/carers,includingthosewhoarehardtoengage.Therolecanprovideacoherentapproachtoidentifyinggoodpracticeandareasforschooldevelopment.

    Manyschoolswillbeabletoidentifyparents/carersthatarereluctanttobeinvolvedintheirchildslearningorschoolcareer.Thesearetheso-calledhardtoengageparents/carers.Therearemanyreasonswhyparents/carersfallwithinthiscategoryandinordertoprovidesupport,itisimportanttoknowwhythisisthecase.Someofthereasonsmayinclude:

    parents/carerswithchaoticlifestyles,includingthosewithmentalhealth/substancemisuseissues

    parents/carerswithlowconfidenceand self-esteemduetotheirowndifficulties atschoollanguagebarriersculturalperceptions(insomecountries

    educationissolelytheschoolsresponsibility)asylumseekingfamiliesfamilieslivinginout-of-boroughrefugesfamilieslivinginbedandbreakfast

    accomodationsingleparents/carers,sometimesworking alongwayfromtheirchildsschoolfamilyworkpatterns,suchasdifficult

    workinghoursfamilybreakdown

  • 14

    Theparent/carerco-ordinator(e.g.ahome-schoolliaisonworker)would,overtime,assessbarrierstoengagementandprovidethenecessaryassistance,suchasoutreachsupport.

    Buildingagoodrelationshipwiththechild/youngpersonandtheirparents/carersisastepnearertoengagement.

    Someofthemorevulnerablefamilies(e.g.thosewithsubstancemisuseissues)mayrequireadditionalsupport,includingco-ordinationandliaisonwithothervoluntaryandstatutoryservicestoaffectengagement.

    Itisusefultorememberthatelicitingtheviewsofallparents/carers(includingthosereluctanttobeinvolved)isimportantifaschoolistotrulyrepresenttherangeofneedswithinitscommunity.ThisisevenmoresignificantwiththegrowthofExtendedSchoolsServices.Thewholeschoolapproach(seediagramp.)providesausefulcontextforseekingtheviewsofallparents/carers.Forexample,itisbeneficialwhenaschoolisreviewingitsSexandRelationshipEducationPolicy(SRE)orDrugEducationPolicy(includingincidentmanagement)toknowhowthesepoliciesareperceivedandtheissuesthattheymayraise,particularlywithinthehardtoengagecommunities.

  • 15

  • 16

    Ways of engaging with groups of parents/carers Schoolscanengagewithgroupsofparents/carersinseveralwaysincluding:

    TransitionprojectsThesecanbeagoodopportunitytoreinforcetheschoolsinclusiveandwelcomingethos.Theycandemonstratethebenefitsofparent/carersupportandtherangeofservicesthatcanbeaccessed,suchashowtheschoolsupportstheemotionalhealthandwellbeingoftheirchildrenandyoungpeople,bothonsiteandinthecommunity.

    LearntogetheropportunitiesTheschoolcantakeontheroleoffacilitatingjointchildren,youngpeopleandparent/carersessionsontopicssuchashealthycookingclasses,physicalactivityclasses,ordiscussingtheschoolsapproachtoanti-bullyingorSRE.

    ThemeddiscussionSmallgroup,themeddiscussions,basedonneedand/orarisingfromoutreachwork,suchasonSREorhealthyeating,canpreparechildrenandyoungpeopleforpubertyormakinghealthiermealsathome.Parents/carerscanalsobegiventheopportunitytosupportaschoolbycontributingtotheirNHSPNationalAudit.

    PersonalisedinvitationsThesecanbeusedtocelebratechildrenandyoungpeoplesachievements,rewardsuccess(nomatterhowsmall)andprovideparents/carerswithaverypositivereasontoengagewiththeschool.

    LanguageacquisitionclassesTheschoolsitecanbeusedtohosttheseclasses,whichinturn,canhelptoidentifyparent/carerneeds.Theseclassescanencouragepeersupport,withthemoreconfidentspeakerssupportingortranslatingforothers.

    SupportingvulnerablefamiliesatcoffeemorningsItmaybenecessarytoadoptasteppedapproachwithsomeparents/carers.Forexample,afterinitialhomevisitstherecouldbesupportedvisitsonsitetoincreaseconfidence.

    ExtendedSchoolsServicesSchoolscanprovideaccesstoarangeofhealthcareprofessionals.Thesecouldincludedieticianstoadviseonhealthyeating/packedlunches,andotherprofessionalstoadviseonphysicalactivityoraccesstosmokingcessationclasses(whichwillsupportthecommitmentoftheNationalHealthySchoolsProgrammetosmoke-freesites).

  • 17

    Manyofthestrategieslistedheremayrequireasignificantamountofeffortonthepartoftheschoolandmaynotbringautomaticsuccessintheshortterm.Aswithallstrategies,theywillneedmonitoring,evaluatingandrefiningoveraperiodoftime.

    Differentfactorsneedtobetakenintoconsiderationwhenseekingtoengageparents/carersfromanygroup.Also,lackofengagementofparents/carersinschoollifeshouldnotbeinterpretedasdisinterestontheirpart.

    Schoolscan,anddo,engagewithparents/carersinmanyways.Themethodandapproachtakenisinfluencedbythetypeofengagementthataschoolisseeking.

    TheNationalHealthySchoolsProgrammeprovidesschoolswitharangeofopportunitiesforparental/carerengagement,suchascontributingtotheNHSPNationalAudit,membershipoftheHealthySchoolstaskgroup,andpolicydevelopmentandreview.Schoolscanengagewithparents/carersasequalpartnersorasexperts.Forexample,parents/carersmayhaveaparticularskillthattheschoolwishestoinvestin,suchasexpertiseinhealthycooking,physicalactivityclasses,fundraising,curriculumsupportordevelopmentofpoliciesrelatedtoNationalHealthySchoolStatus.

    Schoolsneedtobeclearaboutwhytheywishtoengagewithparents/carers,therolethattheywantparents/carerstoplayandthestructuresthatareinplacetosupporttheengagementofparents/carers.Themoreeffectivelyandovertlyschoolscanconveythattheyareinclusiveplaces,whichvaluetherangeofcontributionsfromparents/carers,themorelikelytheywillengageeffectivelywiththem.Itisgenerallyusefultoestablishacultureofthankingparents/carersfortheirsupportandcontributiontotheirchildrensoverallachievements.

  • 18

    Ladder of parental/carer participation Differentlevelsofparticipationcanberepresentedasa"ladder"(seethediagramopposite)inwhicheachrungrepresentsincreasedempowermentandsharedresponsibility.Schoolsshould:

    considerthepurposeofparticipationconsiderthediversityofthoseinvolvedensureitisrepresentativeselectmethodscarefullyprovidetimelyfeedbackmakeparticipationinterestingandrewarding.

    Higherlevelsofparticipationandengagementfromparents/carerscanalsoincludechallengeandcriticism.Theschoolneedstobepreparedforthisandtodealwithitinaconstructiveandtransparentmanner.

    School

    Parents/carersareinformed

    Parents/carersareconsultedandtheirviews

    aretakenintoaccount

    Parents/carersareinvolvedinsomeaspectsofschoollifeanddecision-making.

    Thiscouldbeviaparent/carerevents,surveysthatdevelopoptions,action-

    planningandmakingchangestogether

    Parents/carersarefullyengagedintheschoolandparticipateinmostaspectsofschoollife.Parents/carersandtheschoolacttogetherinacollaborativepartnership

    Increasing parental/carer participation

  • 1

  • 0

    Leadership and Management TheschoolsLeadershipTeamhasasignificantroletoplayintheongoingengagementofparents/carers.Engagingwithparents/carersisawholeschoolmatter,whichshouldbewellco-ordinated.ItshouldinvolveallstaffbutitshouldalsofeatureasakeytaskfortheSeniorLeadershipTeam.

    Thereshouldbeasharedresponsibilityforallofthosewhoworkontheschoolsiteinconveyingwelcomingmessages.Itisespeciallyimportantthatanyreviewofpractice,policiesandprotocolsinvolvesallstaff,especiallythesitemanagerandofficestaff,asthesearethepeoplewhoparents/carersaremostlikelytomeetonarrival.

    TheWholeSchoolApproach,advocatedbytheNationalHealthySchoolsProgrammeprovidesamodeltosupportchangeinyourschoolthatinvolveschildren,youngpeople,staff,parents/carersandgovernors.TheHealthySchoolstaskgroup,whichrepresentsacross-sectionoftheschoolcommunity,couldbeausefulgrouptodrivethisworkforward.Asuggestedactionforthetaskgroupistoanalysetrends,evaluateprogressandaddressissuesarisingfromtheschoolseffortstoengageparents/carers.

    Thisshouldalsoincludeclearreviewprocessesagainstactionsthathavetakenplace.ParentingSupport,GuidanceforLocalAuthorities(006)requiresalllocalauthoritiestodevelopastrategicandjoined-updesignanddeliveryofparentingsupportservicesandasinglepointforcommissioningservicesacrossthelocalauthority.Theschoolleadershipteam,aspartofitsworkwithintheNationalHealthySchoolsProgramme,wouldbenefitfrombeingawareoftheparentingstrategyofitsownlocalauthorityandhowtoaccessservicesforparents/carersandinfluencethecommissioningprocess.

    Theschoolleadershipteammightconsiderhavingparental/carerengagementaspartofanongoingprogrammeandtoidentifythisclearlyintheirSchoolImprovementPlan.Ahelpfulpublication,MaterialsforSchools,Involvingparents,Raisingachievement(00),10

    combinesclearmessagesabouttheneedtoplanstrategicallytoimproveparental/carerengagement,withpracticalexamplesforbothprimaryandsecondaryschoolstohelpthemachievethis.

    SomeschoolshavebenefitedfromidentifyingaspecificleadwithintheSeniorLeadershipTeamforparental/carerengagement,aswell

    DCSF(006)ParentingSupport,GuidanceforAuthorities10IPRA(00)MaterialsforSchools,Involvingparents,RaisingAchievement

  • 1

    astheroleofaparent/carerco-ordinator.Theleadershiprolewouldincludeanoverviewoftheeffectivenessofparental/carerengagementwithintheschoolandwouldinvolvereviewingschoolactivitiesandsettingnewpriorities.Theparent/carerco-ordinatorsroleallowsparents/carerstoraiseissuesthatarenotdirectlyrelatedtotheirchild,especiallywhereparents/carersmaywishtogivemoregeneralfeedbackandwouldnotnormallyapproachtheclassteacherortutor.Anexamplemightbeaparent/carerwhoisdissatisfiedwiththecurrentschoolmealmenuortheapproachadoptedtominimisebullying.Someschoolshavearangeofstaffwhocanofferthisparent/carerco-ordinatorrole,suchasahome-schoolliaisonworker,learningmentororparent/carersupportadviser.

    Hinde House Secondary School, Sheffield

    AtHindeHouse,aninnercityschoolinSheffield,itwasfeltthatmoreshouldbedonetoencouragehigh-qualityphysicalactivityamongchildrenandyoungpeople.Adancetutorwasemployedandco-ordinateddancelessonsthroughouttheday.Parents/carersweretheninvitedtotakepartandfamilydancewasintroducedasanafter-schoolactivity,sharedbychildren,youngpeopleandparents/carers.

    Case Study

    Theactivityisfun,beneficialtotheirrelationshipsandalsohelpstoencourageahealthierlifestyle.Theschoolusedaneffectivestrategytoenticeparents/carers.Thedancingthemewaspromotedamongthechildrenandyoungpeople,lettersweresenthomeinvitingtheirparents/carersandtheywerethenremindedofthedancelessonswhenpickinguptheirchildrenfromschool.Itwasmarketedasafamilydancesessionthatwouldbefree,funandlight-hearted.Parents/carersweretoldthatitwouldincludeabitofeverythingincludinglinedancingandimprovisation.

    Thefirstafter-schoolclubranforsixweeksandwasagreatsuccess,andthesecondcoursewasoversubscribed.Parents/carersandtheirchildrenhavefoundahealthyactivitywhichhasallowedthemtodevelopaskillandspendtimetogether.

  • Using self-evaluation to improve parental/carer participation Aself-evaluationprocesscanhelpdeterminewheretheschoolisplacedintermsofengagingparents/carersandcanprovidethebasisforimprovingparental/carerparticipationintheschool.Whendevelopingmechanismsforlisteningandactingonfeedbackfromparents/carersitisimportanttoseektheviewsandcontributionsofallparents/carersandnotonlyrelyonthosewhoregularlycontributeorwhoaremostvocal.Itisparticularlyimportanttotryandensurethatthehardertoengagefamiliesarealsoabletoparticipateandexpresstheirviewsandideas.

    Self-evaluationcananddoestakemanydifferentforms.Onesimpletechniqueistoaskthequestionhowwellhastheschoolcommunicatedandengagedwithparents/carersinthelastyear?inconjunctionwithcompletinganaudittrailofthepreviousyear.Thiswillenableyoutomeasurethequalityandquantityofmaterialandopportunitiesthatparents/carershavebeenoffered,andwillprovidevaluableinformationthatcanbeworkedontoimproveparticipationandengagement.

  • Consider: How well are we working with parents/carers?

    How effective are our methods?

    Where are we now?

    Areparents/carersalreadyhelpinginactivities?Ifsowhichones?

    Whatisworkingwell?

    Howcanwebuildonthepositiveexamples?Haveweengagedparents/carersinalloftheactivitiesinachievingNationalHealthySchoolStatus?

    Areourmethodsversatile,flexibleanddetermined?WhichNationalHealthySchoolsProgrammeactivitieshadahighparental/carertakeuprate?

    Ifparents/carersarenotengaging,doweknowwhy?

    Whereisourevidence?

    Howaccessibleistheschooltoparents/carers?

    Howisthissituationmonitored?Whatdatadowecollect?Howisitanalysed?Howdoweknow?Howoftendoweevaluateoureffortstoengagewithparents/carers?

    Howareparents/carersmadewelcome?Isthereanopportunityforparents/carerstocommentontheiroverallwelcome?

    Whatdoestheirfeedbacktellus?

    Haveweactedonit?

    Doweknowifanygroupsofparents/carersareunder-representedatschoolactivities?Ifyes,doweknowwhichgroupsandwhy?

    Whatstrategiesareinplacetodealwiththis?

    Hastherebeenanyimprovementofengagementwithunder-representedgroups?

    Havewefocusedonconsultationandinformationsharingratherthanparticipationinvolvingdecision-making?

    Dowemonitorthis?Canweimprovethelevelofparticipation?

    How have we reached the current position?

  • 4

    Consider: What do we need to consider? What methods could we use?Where do we want to be?

    Howeffectivecanourcommunicationssystemswithparents/carersbe?

    Howbestcanwecommunicatewithhardtoengageparents/carers?

    Howcanweencourageparents/carerstobecomeinvolvedintheschool?

    Couldourparents/carersbemoreinvolvedintheactivitieslinkedtoourparticipationintheNationalHealthySchoolsProgramme?

    Canweinvolveourparents/carersthroughextendedactivities?

    HowcanwemoveuptheLadderofParticipation?(SeePg.18).

    Whatmonitoringandevaluationcanweusetoensurewekeepimprovingthese?

    Howdoweasktheviewsofhardtoengageparents/carers?

    Whatisworkingwell?Howcanwebuildonthis?

    HaveweinvolvedtheLocalProgrammeCo-ordinatorfortheNationalHealthySchoolsProgrammetoidentifyexamplesofbestpractice?

    HaveweinvolvedthesupportoftheLocalAuthoritysExtendedSchoolsAdviser?

    Arethereanyotherpartnersororganisationsthatweshouldbeworkingwith?

    How will we know we have got there?

    Howcanwemeasurethelevelofparticipationasabaseline?

    Whatlevelofsuccessarewelookingforandhowwillwemeasureit?

    HaveweincludedSpecificMeasurableAchievableRealisticTimescaledtargets/objectives?

    When will we have achieved this?

    Dowehavecleardeadlines?

    Haveweprioritisedouractions?

    Dowehaveagoodmonitoringsysteminplacetoensureweareinlinetomeetdeadlines?

    Doeseveryoneknowourprioritiesandwhytheyarepriorities?

    Where do we want to be in the future?

  • 5

    Parental/carer participationand Ofsteds Self-Evaluation FormUsing the NHSP National Audit to address issues raised in Section 2 of Ofsted SEF

    SinceSeptember005,theschoolSelfEvaluationForm(SEF)requiredaspartofanOfstedschoolinspection,hasaskedschoolstocapturehowtheygathertheviewsexpressedbyparents/carersandtogiveexamplesofactiontaken,basedontheviewsofparents/carers.

    TheSEFshouldconveyaclearpictureofhowwelltheschoolisdoingandshowwhatisbeingdonetobuildonsuccessesandremedyweaknesses.TheSEFcommentariesareexpectedtobeevaluativeandnotdescriptive,withinspectorslookingforclearjudgementsthataresupportedbyevidencelinkedtooutcomesforchildrenandyoungpeople.TheSEFshouldprovideproofofhowyouknowwhatyouknow.

    Tohelpensuretheactiveparticipationofparents/carersinthelearninganddevelopmentoftheirchildren,theSchoolLeadershipTeam,staffandgovernorsshould

    knowhowwelltheirschoolinvolvesparents/carersindecision-makingandpolicydevelopment,implementationandreview.

    ThetableonthenextpageprovidesanillustrationofhowtheNHSPNationalAuditcouldhelpschoolself-evaluationandprovideevidencetosupportjudgementsmadebytheschoolrelatingtoitsperformance.SectionoftheSEFposesaseriesofquestionsrelatingtotheviewsofparents/carersandhowtheschoolrespondstothese.Theseare:

    2aHowdoyougathertheviewsofparents/carers,howoftendoyoudothisandhow

    doyouensureimpartiality?2bWhatdotheviewsofparents/carerstell

    youaboutlearnerspersonaldevelopmentandwellbeing?

    2cHowdoyousharewithparents/carersthecollatedfindingsabouttheirviews?

    ItisinSectionoftheSEFthatmuchoftheschoolsworkininvolvingparents/carersinthepromotionofhealthylifestylescanbereported.

  • 6

    NHSP Criteria Minimum Evidence (relevant to this guidance)

    Questions for parents/carers

    Links to other sections of the SEF

    Personal, Social, Health and Economic Education (PSHE)*1.5Hasup-to-datepoliciesinplacedevelopedthroughwideconsultation,implemented,monitoredandevaluatedforimpactcoveringSexandRelationshipEducation,DrugEducationandIncidents,Safeguarding,andConfidentiality

    Children,youngpeople,staffandparents/carershavebeenconsultedaboutthesepolicies.

    Children,youngpeople,staffandotherrelevantstakeholderscanoutlinetheirroleinthereviewofthesepolicies.

    Doyouknowwhototalktoifyouhavecommentsorquestionsrelatingtothefollowingpolicies:

    - SexandRelationshipEducation

    - Drugeducationandincidents

    - Safeguarding- Confidentiality?

    Ofstedself-evaluationa,b,c,4a,4b,4d,4f,6a,7c

    1.6 HasanimplementedNon-SmokingPolicyinlinewithsmoke-freelegislation

    Children,youngpeople,staff, parents/carersandgovernorshave

    beeninvolvedinthe developmentandimplementation ofasmoke-freesite. Theschoolisproactiveinproviding

    informationandsupportforsmokerstoquite.g.promotingaccesstosmokingcessationclasses.

    Didyouknowthattheschoolisasmoke-freesite?

    Doesyourchildreceiveinformationaboutthedangersofsmoking?

    Canyourchildaccesssupporttoquitsmoking?

    Ofstedself-evaluationa,b,c,4a,4e,4f,6a,7c

    Healthy Eating2.3HasaWholeSchoolFoodPolicydevelopedthroughwideconsultation,implemented,monitoredandevaluatedforimpact

    Children,youngpeople,staff,parents/carers,governorsandcaterersare/havebeeninvolvedinpolicydevelopmentandcandescribetheirinvolvement.

    Apolicyisavailablecoveringallaspectsoffoodanddrinkatschool,includingappropriatecurriculumlinks,referencetopolicyregardingpackedlunches/foodbroughtintoschoolandchildrenoryoungpeoplegoingoff-sitetopurchasefood.

    Thepolicyisreferredtointheschoolprospectus/profile.

    Thepolicyisregularlycommunicatedtotheentireschoolcommunity.

    ThepolicyanditsimpactisreviewedtoreflectcurrentDCSFstandards.

    Doesyourchildenjoyeatingatschool?

    AreyouawareoftheschoolsFood/HealthyEatingPolicy?

    Whatdoesyourchildsayaboutlunchtimes?

    Ofstedself-evaluationa,b,c,4d,4e,6a,7c

    Using the NHSP National Audit to address issuesraised in Section 2 of Ofsted SEF

    *PSHE=Personal,Social,HealthEducationatKeystages1+

  • 7

    2.4Involveschildren,youngpeopleandparents/carersinguidingfoodpolicyandpracticewithintheschool,enablesthemtocontributetohealthyeatingandactsontheirfeedback

    Children,youngpeopleandparents/carersare/havebeeninvolvedinguidingtheschoolsFoodPolicyandcandescribetheirinvolvement.

    Children,youngpeopleandparents/carersagreethattheirfeedbackrelatingtopolicyhasbeenappropriatelyconsidered.

    Howhaveyoubeeninvolvedinyourchildsschoolfoodpolicy?

    Hasinvolvementinyourchildsschoolfoodpolicyhadanyimpactonhealthyeatingathome?

    Ofstedself-evaluationa,b,c,4a,4d,4e

    Physical Activity3.7Encourageschildren,youngpeople,staffandparents/carerstowalkorcycletoschoolundersaferconditions,utilisingtheSchoolTravelPlan

    Parents/carershavereceivedinformationregardingtheSchoolTravelPlanvianewsletterarticles/lettersetc.

    Areyouawareoftheschoolsphysicalactivityprogramme?

    Hasitmadeadifferencetoyourownphysicalactivitylevelsathomeandthatofyourchildren?

    Areyouawareofhowphysicalactivityisimplementedintheschoolandwhatstandardsareset?

    Ofstedself-evaluationa,b,c,4a,4b,4e,6a,7c

    3.8Givesparents/carerstheopportunitytobeinvolvedintheplanninganddeliveryofphysicalactivityopportunitiesandhelpsthemtounderstandthebenefitsofphysicalactivityforthemselvesandtheirchildren

    Parents/carersareawareoftheopportunitiestolearnaboutthebenefitsofphysicalactivity.

    Parents/carerssaytheyareactivelyencouragedtotakepartintheplanninganddeliveryofphysicalactivity.

    Mostparents/carersreportthattheyknowwhyphysicalactivityisgoodforthemandtheirchildren.

    Hastheschoolhelpedtoenhanceyourunderstandingofthebenefitsofphysicalactivity?

    Ofstedself-evaluationa,b,c,5c

    Emotional Health and Wellbeing4.6Hasaclearpolicyonbullying,whichisowned,understoodandimplementedbythewholeschoolcommunity

    Children,youngpeopleandparents/carersknowandunderstandthepolicyonbullyingandfeelthattheyhavetheopportunitytoregularlydiscussitsimplementation.

    Theschoolhasasystemthatensurespromptreportingbacktoparents/carersonanyconcernsraised.

    HaveyoubeeninvolvedinthedevelopmentoftheAnti-BullyingPolicy?

    Doyouknowhowtoreportifyourchildisbeingbullied?

    Ifyoumakeacomplaintaboutbullying,areyoukeptfullyinformedoftheprogressofyourcomplaint?

    Ofstedself-evaluationa,b,c,4b,4d,4e,6a,7c

    4.9HasaclearConfidentialityPolicy

    Children,youngpeopleandstaffareconsultedonthedevelopmentandtherenewaloftheConfidentialityPolicy.

    Children,youngpeopleandparents/carersareawareoftheConfidentialityPolicyandunderstandwhatitmeansforthem.

    Doesyourchildunderstandtheschoolsconfidentialitypolicy?

    Doyouknowwhatwillhappenwithinformationthatyousharewiththeschool?

    Ofstedself-evaluationa,b,c,4b,4d,4e,6a,7c

    *PSHE=Personal,Social,HealthEducationatKeystages1+

  • 8

    Tools and TechniquesItisrecognisedthateveryschoolisuniqueandeachschoolwillhaveitsownprioritiesintermsofparental/carerengagementandparticipation.Somestrategiesareuniversalandsuitableforallschools,whileotherswillbemoreappropriateforspecifickeystages,ruralorurbansettings,specialormainstreamschools.Someofthefactorsthataffectlevelsofparental/carerparticipationmightinclude:

    parents/carerslivingsomedistancefrom theschoolinruralareasparents/carersthathavechildren

    transportedonbusesorintaxisparents/carerswithmedicaland/orspecial

    educationalneedswhothemselvesmayfinditdifficulttoengagewiththeirchildsschool

    workingparents/carersincludingthosewithshiftpatterns.

    Thetable,Self-reviewofparticipationwithparents/carersAppendix1,providesasummaryandanalysisoftheactivitiesthatschoolscouldusetoinform,consultandengagewithparents/carers.Foreachneworrevisedactivitythereislikelytobebothabenefitandacostattachedtotheactivity.Theseneedtobeweighedupinordertodecidewhetheritisaneffectiveactivityforaspecificschool.Ifschoolsareintroducing

    newactivities,itisworthnotingthattheymaytaketimebeforeyieldingsatisfactoryorbetterresults.Perseverance,effectivecommunicationandasteppedapproachshouldallbeconsideredandarelikelytoproveinvaluable.Successcriteriashouldbeconsideredpriortoimplementinganewactivitytoengageparents/carersinschoollife.Comparingtheschoolscurrentpracticetotheactivitieslistedontheself-reviewtablecanprovideusefulanalysis.Herearesomepointstoconsider:

    areanyoftheexamplessimilartothoseyouarealreadyusing?Cantheybeimproved?

    Ifsohow?whatexampleshaveyounotyetconsidered?

    Howwouldyouimplementthem?canyouextendyourcurrentgoodpractice

    further?howcanyouensurethatyouachievethe

    highestlevelofparticipationandengagement?howcanyoumovetheschoolbeyondthe

    informationlevelanduptheparticipationladder?

  • Phoenix High School, London

    PhoenixHighSchoolinWestLondonhasintroducedseveralschemestoengageparents/carersaspartofitsapplicationforNationalHealthySchoolStatus.InMarch007ithostedahealthylivingweekwhichincludedahealthylivingevening.Specificallyaimedatparents/carers,theeventconsistedofanumberofstandsprovidinghealthrelatedinformation.Bloodpressureandcholesterolcheckswereofferedandparents/carersalsohadthechancetotastetheschoolshealthydinners.Toengageparents/carersinthisevent,flyersandlettersweresenthomeandsomewerealsoinvitedbytelephone.

    Toovercomeanticipatedreluctancefromparents/carerswhospokeEnglishasasecondlanguage,theschoolinformedthemthatbilingualassistantswouldbeonhandtohelpifneeded.Morethan10parents/carersandtheirchildrenattendedtheeventandthefeedbackwaspositive.Theysaidtheyappreciatedthehealthchecksandinformation,aswellasthehealthyfoodandgoodybagsprovided.

    Aspartofitsdrivetosupportlearningoutsidetheclassroomandthewidercommunity

    Case Study

    health,theschoolhascreatedafarmandlearningzoneonitssite.Thisdevelopmentallowsittogrowfruitandvegetablesonthesite.Someproduceisgivenbacktotheschoolandusedinschoolmeals,whichfurtherengagesparents/carersinhealthyeating.

  • 0

    Westhaven School, North Somerset

    WesthavenSchoolisapurposebuiltschoolforchildrenandyoungpeopleagedbetween7and16,withcomplexbarrierstotheirlearning.Ithassuccessfullyengagedparents/carersthroughaParentSupportGroup,whichtheparentsthemselvesnamedTimeOut.TimeOutisheldonamonthlybasis.Parents/carersattendtheworkshopsduringschoolhourstoalleviatetheneedforchildcare.

    Thetwohour-longsessionsarerunbytheschoolnurseandtheparentsupportadvisor.Topicssuchasemotionalsupportandangermanagementarecoveredandexperiencedparents/carerscomeintodiscussrelevantissues.TheworkshopshavebeencrucialinsecuringWesthavenSchoolsNationalHealthySchoolStatus.

    Theschooladmitschildrenandyoungpeoplewithawiderangeofcomplexneedsandhaslongunderstoodthatemotionalhealthmustbepromotedamongstparents/carerssothattheirchildremainsconfidentandpositive,andtheparents/carersfeelvalued.Theparents/carersareinitiallyinformedabouttheTime

    Case Study

    OutworkshopsduringthepersonalmeetingwiththeHeadteacher,priortotheirchildjoiningtheschool.ThisisfollowedupwithaletterandthenfurtherpromotedthroughaParentTeacherAssociation(PTA)stallandtheschoolwebsite.

    Thefeedbackfromparents/carersontheTimeOutinitiativeispositive,withfrequentrequestsformoreworkshopsandfamilylearningevents.Theschoolsaysthatestablishingastrongrelationshipwithparents/carersisagreatachievementbecausemanyoftheirpupilsliveoverthirtymilesawayandaretakentoandfromschoolinminibuses,minimisingcontactwiththeparents/carers.

    TheliteraturereviewbyProfessorCharlesDesforges,TheImpactofParentalInvolvement,ParentalSupportandFamilyEducationonPupilAchievementandAdjustment11DCSF(00)found:

    parental/carerinvolvementdiminishesasthechildgetsolder

    parental/carerinvolvementisinfluencedbythechildsattitude

    thehigherthelevelofattainmentofachildthegreatertheparental/carerinvolvement.

    11Desforges(00)TheImpactofParentalInvolvement,ParentalSupportandFamilyEducationonPupilAchievementandAdjustment,DCSF

  • 1

    ConclusionWorkingwithparents/carersisnotanewideaforschoolsandallschoolswillexperiencevarieddegreesofsuccess.Itishopedthatthisguidancewillencourageschoolstoself-evaluateandco-ordinatetheirworkastheytrytoengageallparents/carers.

    Regularfeedbackfromparents/carerswillhelptoinformschoolstrategy.Insomecasessuccessmaybelimitedtotheknowledgethattheschoolhasbuiltapositiverelationshipwiththemajorityofitsparent/carercommunity,butstillneedstofindwaystoeffectivelyengagewithitshardtoreach/reluctanttoengageparents/carers.

    Bestpracticeasks:Whatiscurrentlyworking?Nextpracticeasks:Whatcouldworkmorepowerfully?Thelatterresultsfrompursuingadifferentapproachtothesituation.

    ThecasestudiesinthisguidanceservetoillustratetheworkthathastakenplaceinschoolswhichhaveachievedorareworkingtowardsachievingNationalHealthySchoolStatus.Asnewandrelevantcasestudiesemerge,theywillbeaddedtotheNationalHealthySchoolsProgrammewebsiteforalltoshareandbeinspiredby.

  • Useful Websiteswww.dcsf.gov.uk

    www.dh.gov.uk

    www.everychildmatters.gov.uk

    www.healthpromotingschools.co.uk

    www.healthyschools.gov.uk

    www.ofsted.gov.uk

    www.teachernet.gov.uk

    www.familyandparenting.org

    www.oneparentfamilies.org.uk

    www.parentlineplus.org.uk

  • References1. NationalHealthySchoolsProgramme(007)WholeSchoolApproachtotheNationalHealthy SchoolsProgramme

    . DepartmentforChildren,SchoolsandFamilies(005)HigherStandards, BetterSchoolsforAll-MoreChoiceforParentsandPupils

    . DepartmentforChildren,SchoolsandFamilies(007)ChildrensPlan

    4. DepartmentforChildren,SchoolsandFamilies(007)EveryParentMatters

    5. Ofsted(006)HealthySchools,HealthyChildren?

    6. DepartmentforChildren,SchoolsandFamilies(004)EveryChildMatters:ChangeforChildren

    7. Ofsted(007)Parents,CarersandSchools

    8. DepartmentforChildren,SchoolsandFamiliesCSF(005)ExtendedSchools:BuildingonExperience

    . DepartmentforChildren,SchoolsandFamilies(006)ParentingSupport,GuidanceforAuthorities

    10.IPRA(00)MaterialsforSchools,Involvingparents,RaisingAchievement

    11. Desforges(00)TheImpactofParentalInvolvement,ParentalSupportandFamilyEducation onPupilAchievementandAdjustment,DepartmentforChildren,SchoolsandFamilies

  • 4

    Level of Participation

    Audience Activity Benefit Some examples of good practice

    Level1Information Allparents/carers Letters,newsletters,booklets Quick,lowcostmethodthatcanreachalarge numberofparents/carers.

    wellpresented eyecatchingdesign clearkeymessagesinrelationtotheNationalHealthySchoolsProgramme availableinotherlanguages plainEnglish parents/carersinvolvedinthecontent.

    Level1Information Allparents/carers Ensuringawelcomingapproachtoparents/carers Highparental/carerinvolvementinallschoolactivities. parents/carersfeelwelcomeattheschool allstaffactivelywelcomeparents/carers receptionareaisopenandwelcoming NationalHealthySchoolsProgrammeinformationonnoticeboards parents/carersunderstandallthedifferentstaffroles parent/carerco-ordinatoravailableforall schoolsusefeedbackfromparents/carerstomakeschoolmoreaccessible.

    Level1Information Accessibletothosewiththeinternet.Audiencecouldbeincreasedbymakingtheinternetavailabletoparents/carersinalibraryordesignatedroomforparents/carers

    Schoolwebsite Oncesetup,thisisaneffectivemethodof communicationwithparents/carersaslong asthefamilyhasaccesstotheinternet.

    appealing,up-to-datewebsitewitharangeofinformation websitedesignedbychildren,youngpeopleandparents/carersinconjunctionwith

    schoolstaff dedicatedsectionforNationalHealthySchoolsProgrammeinformation NationalHealthySchoolsProgrammeinformationplacedonthewebsitewith regularupdates activitiesadvertisedtoencouragehealthyeatingandphysicalactivities adviceavailableonissueslikebullyingandschoolmenus.

    Level1Information Allparents/carers Noticeboardsandotherinformationavailableattheschoolsite Quickandeffectivemethodofpassingon informationtothosethatvisittheschoolsite.

    noticeboardsinaccessiblepositions includesaNationalHealthySchoolsProgrammesection signpostingtomoredetailedNationalHealthySchoolsProgrammeinformationand

    contactdetailse.g.SchoolFoodTrust,NHS.

    Level1Information Allparents/carers,butespeciallytargetthehardtoreachparents/carers

    Remindersincludingtext,emailandletters Remindersencourageahigherlevelofattendance atschooleventsandparticipationinschoolactivities. Theyareaneffectivewayofreducingnon- attendanceandthereforetimewastedwhenstaff putonactivitieswithalowturnoutofparents/carers.

    textandemailalertsusedtoremindparents/carers remindersusedtopromptparents/carerstoattendNationalHealthySchools

    Programmeevents,e.g.healthycookingsessionsandphysicalactivities theschoolhasassessedwhichtypeofreminderismosteffectivefortheircommunity followupreminderssentoutaboutNationalHealthySchoolsProgrammeevents.

    Level1Information Allparents/carers Invitingparents/carersintoschool:

    personalisedinvitationstoevents piggybackingonothersuccessfulwell-attendedevents eventsrequestedbyparents/carerse.g.meetingsorworkshops onSexandRelationshipEducation workshopsinitiatedbytheschoole.g.runningaworkshopfor

    parents/carersonhealthyeating attendingschoolcelebrationeventsorsportsactivities.

    Face-to-facemeetingsallowmoredetailedpersonal contactwithparents/carers.

    allstaffareskilledinmeetingandwelcomingparents/carersincludingthoselesslikelytocomeintoschool

    theschoolenvironmentisopenandwelcomingincludingtheprovisionofrefreshmentsandcrchefacilities

    acomprehensiverangeofactivitiesareavailableatdifferenttimesoftheday/week/yeartoaccommodateparents/carers

    parents/carerscanattendHealthySchoolsworkshopse.g.cookinghealthymeals neweventsareaddedeachyearandlesspopulareventstakenoutofthe schoolcalendar informationsessionsareprovidede.g.DrugEducationandanti-bullying eventsforparents/carerstogetherwiththeirchildrenareprovidede.g.cookery

    sessionsandsportsactivities.

    Level1Information

    Allparents/carersandtargetedparent/carergroups

    Marketingevents Effectivemarketingwillresultinahigherlevel ofparental/carerparticipation.

    viewsaresoughtfromparents/carersonafullrangeofmarketingactivities parents/carersareinvolvedintheschoolsmarketingandcommunicationsstrategy

    e.g.forthedevelopmentandimplementationoftheSchoolTravelPlan marketingatparent/carereveningsforHealthySchoolsevents.

    Level1Information

    Allparents/carersandselectedhardtoreachgroups

    Developinglinkswithparent/carerswithintheirownlocalcommunitiese.g.attendingandhostingcommunityevents

    Theschoolwillbetterunderstandtheneedsand viewsofparents/carerswhodontusuallyengage inschoolactivities.

    specificfamiliesaretargetedtosupporttheirengagementinschoolactivities e.g.visittotravellersitebytheparentliaisonofficertoraisehealthissues.

    Appendix 1Self-review of participation with parents/carersThistoolwillhelpschoolsassesstheircurrentlevelofparent/carerparticipation.

  • 5

    Level of Participation

    Audience Activity Benefit Some examples of good practice

    Level1Information Allparents/carers Letters,newsletters,booklets Quick,lowcostmethodthatcanreachalarge numberofparents/carers.

    wellpresented eyecatchingdesign clearkeymessagesinrelationtotheNationalHealthySchoolsProgramme availableinotherlanguages plainEnglish parents/carersinvolvedinthecontent.

    Level1Information Allparents/carers Ensuringawelcomingapproachtoparents/carers Highparental/carerinvolvementinallschoolactivities. parents/carersfeelwelcomeattheschool allstaffactivelywelcomeparents/carers receptionareaisopenandwelcoming NationalHealthySchoolsProgrammeinformationonnoticeboards parents/carersunderstandallthedifferentstaffroles parent/carerco-ordinatoravailableforall schoolsusefeedbackfromparents/carerstomakeschoolmoreaccessible.

    Level1Information Accessibletothosewiththeinternet.Audiencecouldbeincreasedbymakingtheinternetavailabletoparents/carersinalibraryordesignatedroomforparents/carers

    Schoolwebsite Oncesetup,thisisaneffectivemethodof communicationwithparents/carersaslong asthefamilyhasaccesstotheinternet.

    appealing,up-to-datewebsitewitharangeofinformation websitedesignedbychildren,youngpeopleandparents/carersinconjunctionwith

    schoolstaff dedicatedsectionforNationalHealthySchoolsProgrammeinformation NationalHealthySchoolsProgrammeinformationplacedonthewebsitewith regularupdates activitiesadvertisedtoencouragehealthyeatingandphysicalactivities adviceavailableonissueslikebullyingandschoolmenus.

    Level1Information Allparents/carers Noticeboardsandotherinformationavailableattheschoolsite Quickandeffectivemethodofpassingon informationtothosethatvisittheschoolsite.

    noticeboardsinaccessiblepositions includesaNationalHealthySchoolsProgrammesection signpostingtomoredetailedNationalHealthySchoolsProgrammeinformationand

    contactdetailse.g.SchoolFoodTrust,NHS.

    Level1Information Allparents/carers,butespeciallytargetthehardtoreachparents/carers

    Remindersincludingtext,emailandletters Remindersencourageahigherlevelofattendance atschooleventsandparticipationinschoolactivities. Theyareaneffectivewayofreducingnon- attendanceandthereforetimewastedwhenstaff putonactivitieswithalowturnoutofparents/carers.

    textandemailalertsusedtoremindparents/carers remindersusedtopromptparents/carerstoattendNationalHealthySchools

    Programmeevents,e.g.healthycookingsessionsandphysicalactivities theschoolhasassessedwhichtypeofreminderismosteffectivefortheircommunity followupreminderssentoutaboutNationalHealthySchoolsProgrammeevents.

    Level1Information Allparents/carers Invitingparents/carersintoschool:

    personalisedinvitationstoevents piggybackingonothersuccessfulwell-attendedevents eventsrequestedbyparents/carerse.g.meetingsorworkshops onSexandRelationshipEducation workshopsinitiatedbytheschoole.g.runningaworkshopfor

    parents/carersonhealthyeating attendingschoolcelebrationeventsorsportsactivities.

    Face-to-facemeetingsallowmoredetailedpersonal contactwithparents/carers.

    allstaffareskilledinmeetingandwelcomingparents/carersincludingthoselesslikelytocomeintoschool

    theschoolenvironmentisopenandwelcomingincludingtheprovisionofrefreshmentsandcrchefacilities

    acomprehensiverangeofactivitiesareavailableatdifferenttimesoftheday/week/yeartoaccommodateparents/carers

    parents/carerscanattendHealthySchoolsworkshopse.g.cookinghealthymeals neweventsareaddedeachyearandlesspopulareventstakenoutofthe schoolcalendar informationsessionsareprovidede.g.DrugEducationandanti-bullying eventsforparents/carerstogetherwiththeirchildrenareprovidede.g.cookery

    sessionsandsportsactivities.

    Level1Information

    Allparents/carersandtargetedparent/carergroups

    Marketingevents Effectivemarketingwillresultinahigherlevel ofparental/carerparticipation.

    viewsaresoughtfromparents/carersonafullrangeofmarketingactivities parents/carersareinvolvedintheschoolsmarketingandcommunicationsstrategy

    e.g.forthedevelopmentandimplementationoftheSchoolTravelPlan marketingatparent/carereveningsforHealthySchoolsevents.

    Level1Information

    Allparents/carersandselectedhardtoreachgroups

    Developinglinkswithparent/carerswithintheirownlocalcommunitiese.g.attendingandhostingcommunityevents

    Theschoolwillbetterunderstandtheneedsand viewsofparents/carerswhodontusuallyengage inschoolactivities.

    specificfamiliesaretargetedtosupporttheirengagementinschoolactivities e.g.visittotravellersitebytheparentliaisonofficertoraisehealthissues.

  • 6

    Level of Participation

    Audience Activity Benefit Some examples of good practice

    LevelConsultation

    Allparents/carerswhoattend Parent/carerconsultationevenings

    Consultationandengagementintransitionwork

    Opportunitytoshareviewsbetweenstaffand parents/carersonareciprocalbasis.

    schoolengageswithparents/carersonaregularbasisaspartoftheWholeSchoolApproache.g.HealthySchoolstaskgroup

    parents/carersareconsultedthroughtheHealthySchoolssectionontheschoolwebsite consultationeventsarerealconsultation,andfeedbackisusedtoshapeschool

    policyandpracticee.g.theschoolFoodPolicy feedbackfromsubjectbasedtutors(orclassteachers)isco-ordinatedtoensure thehealthandwellbeingofchildrenandyoungpeopleiscarefullymonitored feedbackindicatesthatparents/carersfeelvaluedaskeypartnersintheirchilds

    successatschool.

    LevelConsultation

    Targetaparticularyeargroup,keystageortopice.g.SexandRelationshipEducation

    Bringaparent/carertoschoolsession.Sessionscouldincludeattendingasessiononanti-bullyingoronliteracy

    Impactcanbesignificantintermsofincreasing theparents/carersunderstandingoftheNational HealthySchoolsProgrammeandthecurriculumin general.Ithelpstobuildtherelationshipbetween staffandparents/carers.

    arollingcycletargetingbothtopicareasandyeargroupsisinplace feedbackisalwayssoughtfromparents/carersandactedupon parents/carersareinvolvedindecidingwhatsessionsshouldbeoffered parents/carersofmorevulnerablechildrenandyoungpeoplearetargeted andsupportedtoattend.

    LevelConsultation

    Targetedtospecificgroupsofparent/carerse.g.hardtoreachfamilies

    Outreachwork Outreachworkisparticularlysuccessfulinengaging someofthehardtoreachfamilies.

    awidegroupofschool-basedstaffandvisitingprofessionalsactivelyaim toengagehardtoreachparents/carers schoolnurseandotherstaffareinvolvedinengagingtargetedfamiliesin physicalactivities protocolsexistforinformationsharing qualitytrainingisinplaceforstafftakingpartinthisworkincludinghealthand safetyprocedures evaluationfeedbackissoughtfromparents/carers.

    LevelConsultation

    Allparents/carers Parent/carersurvey Parent/carersurveycanprovideinvaluable quantitativeandqualitativedata.

    surveysarecompletedonaregularbasisandparents/carersareencouraged torespondhonestly responseratesarehighandactionistakenbasedonthefeedback findingsandanalysisisfedbacktoparents/carers.

    LevelDecision-making

    Allparents/carers Organisingandhostingjointevents

    Buildingontheskillsofparents/carers

    Havingahigherlevelofparental/carerinvolvement indecision-makingshouldensurethatmore parents/carersattendandparticipateasthey feeldirectlyinvolved.

    eventshavebeenrequestedandorganisedwithfullparental/carerinvolvement.TheseareoutsidethenormalPTAtypeactivities

    activitiesmakefulluseoftheskillsofparents/carersintheschool,e.g.aparent/carerwhoisahealthprofessionalrunningahealthbasedworkshoporagardenerrunningagrowinghealthyfoodsession

    parents/carersareinvolvedinsomeoftheExtendedSchoolsServicesactivities e.g.takingnetballsessions parents/carersareprovidedwithtrainingwhichmaysometimesbealongsideother

    schoolstaffe.gbullyingawareness.

    LevelDecision-making

    Allparents/carers JointlyorganisingworkshopsonthefourcorethemeswithintheNationalHealthySchoolsProgramme

    Jointorganisationanddeliverywillensurethat parents/carerswillhaveamoredetailedunderstanding oftheNationalHealthySchoolsProgrammeandthe roletheycanplayinsupportingit.

    aprogrammeofworkshopsforparents/carersisorganisedacrosstheschoolyearwitheachofthefourNHSPcorethemesrepresented

    optionsinrelationtoschoolpolicyandpracticearediscussedanddecisionsmadee.g.SchoolTravelPlans.

    LevelDecision-making

    Allparents/carers AjointlyorganisedfocusgroupononeofthefourcorethemeswithintheNationalHealthySchoolsProgramme

    Jointproductionofahealthsurveyforchildrenand youngpeopleonhealthylifestyleswillraiseparents/ carersknowledgeofthethemeandawarenessof theimplicationsfortheirchildren.

    regularsurveysarecompletedonperceptionsofbullyingandtheeffectivenessofanti-bullyingstrategies

    focusgroupofchildrenandyoungpeopleaskedtocommentonschoolprocessese.g.lunch-timeexperience,physicalactivitiesofferedbytheschool

    effectiveschoolcouncilinplacewhichgivesreportstobothstaffandparents/carers.

    Level4CollaborativePartnership

    Selectedyeargroups After-schoolphysicalactivityprogramme Ahighlevelofparticipationatallstageswillensure thesuccessoftheprogrammeandensurethatitis responsivetoparent/carerneeds.

    parents/carersarefullyinvolvedindevisinganddeliveringafullphysicalactivityprogramme

    thecontentanddeliveryoftheprogrammeisamendedbasedonfeedbackfromparents/carers.

    Level4CollaborativePartnership

    Alloraselectedcross-sectionofparents/carers Reviewingand/ordevelopingpoliciese.g.wholeschoolFoodPolicy,BehaviourPolicyorDrugEducationPolicy

    Parents/carershaveahigherdegreeof understandingoftherationale,purposeand operationalarrangementsofdeliveringand implementingkeypoliciesintheschool.

    parents/carershavebeenfullyinvolvedinthepolicydevelopment theyhaveinfluencedthepolicyformationandaresupportingitsdelivery parents/carersarechampionsofpoliciesrelatedtotheNationalHealthySchools

    Programme.

    Level4CollaborativePartnership

    Focusgroupofparents/carers Re-designthelunch-timeexperience.Involveparents/carersintheentireprocessfromgatheringinformation,consultationonchanges,implementationandreview

    Aprocessofcontinualimprovementexiststoensure thelunch-timesessioniscontinuallyimproved.

    parents/carersseekongoingfeedbackfromtheirchildrenonaregularbasisandimprovethelunch-timeexperience

    regularsatisfactionsurveysarecompletedbychildren,youngpeopleandparents/carers

    parents/carersfeeltheirviewsarevalued dataisregularlysoughtandconfirmsapositiveexperienceatlunch-timee.g.less

    incidentsofbullyingreportedduringlunch-time.

  • 7

    Level of Participation

    Audience Activity Benefit Some examples of good practice

    LevelConsultation

    Allparents/carerswhoattend Parent/carerconsultationevenings

    Consultationandengagementintransitionwork

    Opportunitytoshareviewsbetweenstaffand parents/carersonareciprocalbasis.

    schoolengageswithparents/carersonaregularbasisaspartoftheWholeSchoolApproache.g.HealthySchoolstaskgroup

    parents/carersareconsultedthroughtheHealthySchoolssectionontheschoolwebsite consultationeventsarerealconsultation,andfeedbackisusedtoshapeschool

    policyandpracticee.g.theschoolFoodPolicy feedbackfromsubjectbasedtutors(orclassteachers)isco-ordinatedtoensure thehealthandwellbeingofchildrenandyoungpeopleiscarefullymonitored feedbackindicatesthatparents/carersfeelvaluedaskeypartnersintheirchilds

    successatschool.

    LevelConsultation

    Targetaparticularyeargroup,keystageortopice.g.SexandRelationshipEducation

    Bringaparent/carertoschoolsession.Sessionscouldincludeattendingasessiononanti-bullyingoronliteracy

    Impactcanbesignificantintermsofincreasing theparents/carersunderstandingoftheNational HealthySchoolsProgrammeandthecurriculumin general.Ithelpstobuildtherelationshipbetween staffandparents/carers.

    arollingcycletargetingbothtopicareasandyeargroupsisinplace feedbackisalwayssoughtfromparents/carersandactedupon parents/carersareinvolvedindecidingwhatsessionsshouldbeoffered parents/carersofmorevulnerablechildrenandyoungpeoplearetargeted andsupportedtoattend.

    LevelConsultation

    Targetedtospecificgroupsofparent/carerse.g.hardtoreachfamilies

    Outreachwork Outreachworkisparticularlysuccessfulinengaging someofthehardtoreachfamilies.

    awidegroupofschool-basedstaffandvisitingprofessionalsactivelyaim toengagehardtoreachparents/carers schoolnurseandotherstaffareinvolvedinengagingtargetedfamiliesin physicalactivities protocolsexistforinformationsharing qualitytrainingisinplaceforstafftakingpartinthisworkincludinghealthand safetyprocedures evaluationfeedbackissoughtfromparents/carers.

    LevelConsultation

    Allparents/carers Parent/carersurvey Parent/carersurveycanprovideinvaluable quantitativeandqualitativedata.

    surveysarecompletedonaregularbasisandparents/carersareencouraged torespondhonestly responseratesarehighandactionistakenbasedonthefeedback findingsandanalysisisfedbacktoparents/carers.

    LevelDecision-making

    Allparents/carers Organisingandhostingjointevents

    Buildingontheskillsofparents/carers

    Havingahigherlevelofparental/carerinvolvement indecision-makingshouldensurethatmore parents/carersattendandparticipateasthey feeldirectlyinvolved.

    eventshavebeenrequestedandorganisedwithfullparental/carerinvolvement.TheseareoutsidethenormalPTAtypeactivities

    activitiesmakefulluseoftheskillsofparents/carersintheschool,e.g.aparent/carerwhoisahealthprofessionalrunningahealthbasedworkshoporagardenerrunningagrowinghealthyfoodsession

    parents/carersareinvolvedinsomeoftheExtendedSchoolsServicesactivities e.g.takingnetballsessions parents/carersareprovidedwithtrainingwhichmaysometimesbealongsideother

    schoolstaffe.gbullyingawareness.

    LevelDecision-making

    Allparents/carers JointlyorganisingworkshopsonthefourcorethemeswithintheNationalHealthySchoolsProgramme

    Jointorganisationanddeliverywillensurethat parents/carerswillhaveamoredetailedunderstanding oftheNationalHealthySchoolsProgrammeandthe roletheycanplayinsupportingit.

    aprogrammeofworkshopsforparents/carersisorganisedacrosstheschoolyearwitheachofthefourNHSPcorethemesrepresented

    optionsinrelationtoschoolpolicyandpracticearediscussedanddecisionsmadee.g.SchoolTravelPlans.

    LevelDecision-making

    Allparents/carers AjointlyorganisedfocusgroupononeofthefourcorethemeswithintheNationalHealthySchoolsProgramme

    Jointproductionofahealthsurveyforchildrenand youngpeopleonhealthylifestyleswillraiseparents/ carersknowledgeofthethemeandawarenessof theimplicationsfortheirchildren.

    regularsurveysarecompletedonperceptionsofbullyingandtheeffectivenessofanti-bullyingstrategies

    focusgroupofchildrenandyoungpeopleaskedtocommentonschoolprocessese.g.lunch-timeexperience,physicalactivitiesofferedbytheschool

    effectiveschoolcouncilinplacewhichgivesreportstobothstaffandparents/carers.

    Level4CollaborativePartnership

    Selectedyeargroups After-schoolphysicalactivityprogramme Ahighlevelofparticipationatallstageswillensure thesuccessoftheprogrammeandensurethatitis responsivetoparent/carerneeds.

    parents/carersarefullyinvolvedindevisinganddeliveringafullphysicalactivityprogramme

    thecontentanddeliveryoftheprogrammeisamendedbasedonfeedbackfromparents/carers.

    Level4CollaborativePartnership

    Alloraselectedcross-sectionofparents/carers Reviewingand/ordevelopingpoliciese.g.wholeschoolFoodPolicy,BehaviourPolicyorDrugEducationPolicy

    Parents/carershaveahigherdegreeof understandingoftherationale,purposeand operationalarrangementsofdeliveringand implementingkeypoliciesintheschool.

    parents/carershavebeenfullyinvolvedinthepolicydevelopment theyhaveinfluencedthepolicyformationandaresupportingitsdelivery parents/carersarechampionsofpoliciesrelatedtotheNationalHealthySchools

    Programme.

    Level4CollaborativePartnership

    Focusgroupofparents/carers Re-designthelunch-timeexperience.Involveparents/carersintheentireprocessfromgatheringinformation,consultationonchanges,implementationandreview

    Aprocessofcontinualimprovementexiststoensure thelunch-timesessioniscontinuallyimproved.

    parents/carersseekongoingfeedbackfromtheirchildrenonaregularbasisandimprovethelunch-timeexperience

    regularsatisfactionsurveysarecompletedbychildren,youngpeopleandparents/carers

    parents/carersfeeltheirviewsarevalued dataisregularlysoughtandconfirmsapositiveexperienceatlunch-timee.g.less

    incidentsofbullyingreportedduringlunch-time.

  • 8

    Levels of parental/carer engagement andparticipation (ladder)

    Essential Practice Best Practice Exemplary Practice

    Parents/carersarefullyengagedintheschoolandparticipateinmostaspectsofschoollife.Parents/carersandtheschoolacttogetherinacollaborativepartnership

    Consistentandregularinvolvementofparentgovernorsatgoverning bodymeetingsandaclearprocessforseekingparents/carersviews andprovidingfeedback. Parents/carersconsultedonkeypoliciese.g.relevantdraftpoliciesare placedontheschoolwebsiteandparents/carersinvitedtocomment. Theschooltakeseveryopportunitytoinvolvetheparents/carersofchildren oryoungpeopleincare.Thismayincludefostercarers,socialworkersand othersignificantadultsinthechildoryoungpersonslife.

    Regularmeetingandsharingbetweenparentgovernorsand otherparents/carerse.g.withparents/carersontheHealthy Schoolstaskgroup. Parents/carers(otherthanparentgovernors)involved inreviewingtheSchoolImprovementPlan. Parents/carersinvolvedinthedrawingupofpolicy documentse.g.policiesrelatingtosensitiveissues suchasSREorDrugEducation. Theschoolisawareoftheskillsoftheirparent/carergroup andencouragesparents/carerstorunsportandotheractivities aspartoftheExtendedSchoolsServicesoffer. Parents/carersareencouragedtovolunteertheirhelpe.g. re-decorationofthedininghall,careerstalks,orhelping onsportsday.

    Programmeofparental/carerengagementorganisedjointlybytheHeadteacher,governors,parent/carerrepresentativesandrelevantothersforarangeofparents/carers.

    Parents/carersdirectlyinvolvedinreviewingthepolicyforworkingwithparents/carersandfamilies.

    Parents/carersinvolvedinacross-curricularworkinggroupwithabrieftodevelopthehome-schoolarea.

    Schoolcandemonstratehowithasengagedwithallparents/carersandtheoutcomesoftheengagemente.g.monitoringofpacked

    lunchcontents. Parents/carersinvolvedinthereviewofexistingpoliciesand

    developmentofnewpolicies. Implementationofadultandpeermentoringschemesforparents/

    carers,childrenandyoungpeople.

    Parents/carersareinvolvedinsomeaspectsofschoollifeanddecision-making

    Parent/carereveningsmadeaccessibletoasmanyparents/carersas possiblee.g.flexiblestartandfinishtimes.

    Feedbackrequestedaboutparent/carereveningsandrespondedto. Imaginativehomeworktasksintroducedtoinvolvefamilies e.g.inventinganewhealthylunchoptionwithparents/carers. Workshopsrunforparents/carerstoencouragetheirpractical involvementandsupportinkeyarease.g.sportscoaching. Accesstoprofessionalswhovisittheschoole.g.schoolnurse oreducationalpsychologist. Themedeventsbasedonthefourcorethemeswithinthe NationalHealthySchoolsProgramme. Accesstotraininge.g.family,SEAL. Bringyourparent/carertoschooldays.

    Regularevaluationofparent/carereveningsandinvolvementofparents/carersintherunningofthem.

    Theschooloffersalternativestoparent/carereveningse.g.tutormeetingsoralternativetimesorvenuestoencourageattendance.

    Opportunitiesprovidedtomeetwithparents/carerswhohavenotattendedtheparents/carerseveninge.g.offerhomevisits.

    Programmeofsupportsessionsforparents/carerse.g.healthyeating,emotionalintelligence.

    Involvementofbothmothersandfathersismonitored. Membersoftheextendedfamilyareencouragedtobeinvolved e.g.grandparents.

    Parents/carersareconsultedandtheirviewsaretakenintoaccount

    Feedbackrequestedonaregularbasise.g.termlyquestionnaires. Clearprocessforparents/carerstooffersuggestions. Clearprocesstomakeacomplaint.

    Wholeschoolsurveys,includingsamplese.g.yeargroups, parents/carersofnewintakeorattransition. Home-schoolagreementsarereviewedandupdated.

    Wholeschoolsurveyswithfocusgroupsthatincludehardtoreachparents/carers,newparents/carers,parents/carersthathavehadadifficultrelationshipwiththeschool.

    Parents/carersareinvolvedinanumberofcurricularareasintheschoole.g.practicalcookery,physicalactivity,careertalks.

    Parent/carersurveystofindoutwhenitismostconvenienttohavemeetings,andofferarangeoftimestosuitallparents/carers.

    Creativeuseofhomeworkdiariestoallowparents/carerstogiveregularfeedback.

    Home-schoolagreementisadynamicchangingdocumentandcommitment,andformsakeyfocusinengagingparents/carersintheschool.

    Parents/carersareinformed Regularschoollettertoparents/carerse.g.withadedicatedsectionforthe NationalHealthySchoolsProgramme. Allmaterialsenttoparents/carerssuchasnewsletters,prospectusesand lettersareaccessible,easytoreadandinappropriatelanguages. Clearpointofcontactforparents/carers,whentheycomeintoorcontact schoolbytelephone. Schoolreceptionareaiswelcomingtoallparents/carers. Regularreportingofachildoryoungpersonsprogress. Schoolhasaprogrammeofeventsthatisofferedatdifferenttimesinthe schooldaytocaterforshiftandotherworkingpatterns. Arecordiskeptoftheinformationsharedwithparents/carers. Invitationtoparents/carerstovisittheschoolbeforetheirchildstartsin receptionandonanongoingbasis. Informationleafletthatdescribesthecurriculum.

    Wellpublishedschoolletteramendedasaresultof feedbackfromparents/carers. Theuseofsuggestionsboxesorsurgeriestoseekviews fromparents/carersthatarelessvocal. Accesstoahighqualityinteractivewebsite. Offerofopendoorsessionsonaregularbasis. Schooltriesarangeofcommunicationtechniquese.g.website, textanddesktopalertstokeepparents/carersinformed. Seeksfeedbackonthereportingprocessandmakes relevantamendmentsbasedonit. ReviewswhethertheinformationontopicssuchasSexand RelationshipEducationissharedwithparents/carersand hasbeeneffectiveinsupportingdiscussionswiththeirchildren. Anopportunitytohearfromteachersaboutthecurriculum fortheyear. Termly/annualcalendarofeventsproducedforparents/ carersthatisalsoplacedontheschoolwebsite.

    WellpublishedschoolletterwithNationalHealthySchoolsProgrammesectionthathaschangedinformatandcontentasaresultofparental/carerfeedbackandperhapsdesignedbychildrenandyoungpeople.

    Informationprovidedthatparents/carershaveaskedfor,wellinadvanceofthedate.

    Regularremindersofkeyeventse.g.throughfollowuptextmessages. Parent/carerroomorareawithinschoolthatiswelcomingand

    providesaccesstotheschoolswebsiteandICT. Anopportunitytoobservetheclassandattendjointchildand parent/carersessions. Anopportunityasaparent/carertogivefeedbacktotheschooloutside

    oftheparent/carereveninge.g.adrop-insessionwithgovernors.Thefeedbackisthenacteduponinaconstructivemanner.

    SchoolachievestheLeadingParent/CarerPartnershipAward.

    Appendix 2Engagement summaryThefollowingtableprovidesfurtherinformationandallowsyoutocompareyourcurrentpracticewiththeladderofparticipationandvaryinglevelsofgoodpractice.

  • Levels of parental/carer engagement andparticipation (ladder)

    Essential Practice Best Practice Exemplary Practice

    Parents/carersarefullyengagedintheschoolandparticipateinmostaspectsofschoollife.Parents/carersandtheschoolacttogetherinacollaborativepartnership

    Consistentandregularinvolvementofparentgovernorsatgoverning bodymeetingsandaclearprocessforseekingparents/carersviews andprovidingfeedback. Parents/carersconsultedonkeypoliciese.g.relevantdraftpoliciesare placedontheschoolwebsiteandparents/carersinvitedtocomment. Theschooltakeseveryopportunitytoinvolvetheparents/carersofchildren oryoungpeopleincare.Thismayincludefostercarers,socialworkersand othersignificantadultsinthechildoryoungpersonslife.

    Regularmeetingandsharingbetweenparentgovernorsand otherparents/carerse.g.withparents/carersontheHealthy Schoolstaskgroup. Parents/carers(otherthanparentgovernors)involved inreviewingtheSchoolImprovementPlan. Parents/carersinvolvedinthedrawingupofpolicy documentse.g.policiesrelatingtosensitiveissues suchasSREorDrugEducation. Theschoolisawareoftheskillsoftheirparent/carergroup andencouragesparents/carerstorunsportandotheractivities aspartoftheExtendedSchoolsServicesoffer. Parents/carersareencouragedtovolunteertheirhelpe.g. re-decorationofthedininghall,careerstalks,orhelping onsportsday.

    Programmeofparental/carerengagementorganisedjointlybytheHeadteacher,governors,parent/carerrepresentativesandrelevantothersforarangeofparents/carers.

    Parents/carersdirectlyinvolvedinreviewingthepolicyforworkingwithparents/carersandfamilies.

    Parents/carersinvolvedinacross-curricularworkinggroupwithabrieftodevelopthehome-schoolarea.

    Schoolcandemonstratehowithasengagedwithallparents/carersandtheoutcomesoftheengagemente.g.monitoringofpacked

    lunchcontents. Parents/carersinvolvedinthereviewofexistingpoliciesand

    developmentofnewpolicies. Implementationofadultandpeermentoringschemesforparents/

    carers,childrenandyoungpeople.

    Parents/carersareinvolvedinsomeaspectsofschoollifeanddecision-making

    Parent/carereveningsmadeaccessibletoasmanyparents/carersas possiblee.g.flexiblestartandfinishtimes.

    Feedbackrequestedaboutparent/carereveningsandrespondedto. Imaginativehomeworktasksintroducedtoinvolvefamilies e.g.inventinganewhealthylunchoptionwithparents/carers. Workshopsrunforparents/carerstoencouragetheirpractical involvementandsupportinkeyarease.g.sportscoaching. Accesstoprofessionalswhovisittheschoole.g.schoolnurse oreducationalpsychologist. Themedeventsbasedonthefourcorethemeswithinthe NationalHealthySchoolsProgramme. Accesstotraininge.g.family,SEAL. Bringyourparent/carertoschooldays.

    Regularevaluationofparent/carereveningsandinvolvementofparents/carersintherunningofthem.

    Theschooloffersalternativestoparent/carereveningse.g.tutormeetingsoralternativetimesorvenuestoencourageattendance.

    Opportunitiesprovidedtomeetwithparents/carerswhohavenotattendedtheparents/carerseveninge.g.offerhomevisits.

    Programmeofsupportsessionsforparents/carerse.g.healthyeating,emotionalintelligence.

    Involvementofbothmothersandfathersismonitored. Membersoftheextendedfamilyareencouragedtobeinvolved e.g.grandparents.

    Parents/carersareconsultedandtheirviewsaretakenintoaccount

    Feedbackrequestedonaregularbasise.g.termlyquestionnaires. Clearprocessforparents/carerstooffersuggestions. Clearprocesstomakeacomplaint.

    Wholeschoolsurveys,includingsamplese.g.yeargroups, parents/carersofnewintakeorattransition. Home-schoolagreementsarereviewedandupdated.

    Wholeschoolsurveyswithfocusgroupsthatincludehardtoreachparents/carers,newparents/carers,parents/carersthathavehadadifficultrelationshipwiththeschool.

    Parents/carersareinvolvedinanumberofcurricularareasintheschoole.g.practicalcookery,physicalactivity,careertalks.

    Parent/carersurveystofindoutwhenitismostconvenienttohavemeetings,andofferarangeoftimestosuitallparents/carers.

    Creativeuseofhomeworkdiariestoallowparents/carerstogiveregularfeedback.

    Home-schoolagreementisadynamicchangingdocumentandcommitment,andformsakeyfocusinengagingparents/carersintheschool.

    Parents/carersareinformed Regularschoollettertoparents/carerse.g.withadedicatedsectionforthe NationalHealthySchoolsProgramme. Allmaterialsenttoparents/carerssuchasnewsletters,prospectusesand lettersareaccessible,easytoreadandinappropriatelanguages. Clearpointofcontactforparents/carers,whentheycomeintoorcontact schoolbytelephone. Schoolreceptionareaiswelcomingtoallparents/carers. Regularreportingofachildoryoungpersonsprogress. Schoolhasaprogrammeofeventsthatisofferedatdifferenttimesinthe schooldaytocaterforshiftandotherworkingpatterns. Arecordiskeptoftheinformationsharedwithparents/carers. Invitationtoparents/carerstovisittheschoolbeforetheirchildstartsin receptionandonanongoingbasis. Informationleafletthatdescribesthecurriculum.

    Wellpublishedschoolletteramendedasaresultof feedbackfromparents/carers. Theuseofsuggestionsboxesorsurgeriestoseekviews fromparents/carersthatarelessvocal. Accesstoahighqualityinteractivewebsite. Offerofopendoorsessionsonaregularbasis. Schooltriesarangeofcommunicationtechniquese.g.website, textanddesktopalertstokeepparents/carersinformed. Seeksfeedbackonthereportingprocessandmakes relevantamendmentsbasedonit. ReviewswhethertheinformationontopicssuchasSexand RelationshipEducationissharedwithparents/carersand hasbeeneffectiveinsupportingdiscussionswiththeirchildren. Anopportunitytohearfromteachersaboutthecurriculum fortheyear. Termly/annualcalendarofeventsproducedforparents/ carersthatisalsoplacedontheschoolwebsite.

    WellpublishedschoolletterwithNationalHealthySchoolsProgrammesectionthathaschangedinformatandcontentasaresultofparental/carerfeedbackandperhapsdesignedbychildrenandyoungpeople.

    Informationprovidedthatparents/carershaveaskedfor,wellinadvanceofthedate.

    Regularremindersofkeyeventse.g.throughfollowuptextmessages. Parent/carerroomorareawithinschoolthatiswelcomingand

    providesaccesstotheschoolswebsiteandICT. Anopportunitytoobservetheclassandattendjointchildand parent/carersessions. Anopportunityasaparent/carertogivefeedbacktotheschooloutside

    oftheparent/carereveninge.g.adrop-insessionwithgovernors.Thefeedbackisthenacteduponinaconstructivemanner.

    SchoolachievestheLeadingParent/CarerPartnershipAward.

    Ref:EngagingParentsandCarersv.0.1/6/08/ICE6461Designed&producedby www.icecreates.com& www.mouchelparkman.com

  • Crow

    ncopyright008.

    For further information...pleasecontactyourLocalProgrammeCo-ordinator.TheircontactdetailsandmoreinformationabouttheNationalHealthySchoolsProgrammecanbefoundonourwebsitewww.healthyschools.gov.uk

    www.healthyschools.gov.uk

    PrintedAugust008

    Crowncopyrightprotectedmaterialmaybereproducedfreeofchargeinanyformatormediuminordertocarryoutresearchfornon-commercialpurposes,forprivatestudyorforinternalcirculationwithinanorganisation.CustomerswishingtoreproduceCrownmaterialforotherpurposesrequireaPublicSectorInformation(PSI)Click-UseLicenceavailablefromtheOfficeofPublicSectorInformationwww.opsi.gov.uk.Thecopyrightstatusandsourceofthematerialshouldbeacknowledged.

    TheNationalHealthySchoolsProgrammeisajointDepartmentofHealthandDepartmentforChildren,SchoolsandFamiliesinitiative

    Forfurthercopiesofthispublicationpleasecontactusontelephonenumber:08456017848

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