Giving Credit to Your Sources: Using MLA Format to Cite Your Sources and Avoid PLAGIARISM!
Giving Credit to Your Sources: Using MLA Format to Cite Your Sources and Avoid PLAGIARISM!. Adapted from a presentation of the Purdue University Writing Lab. Why Do I Cite My Sources?. Allows readers to find out where your information in your paper came from! - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
<ul><li><p>Giving Credit to Your Sources:Using MLA Format to Cite Your Sources and Avoid PLAGIARISM!Adapted from a presentation of the Purdue University Writing Lab</p></li><li><p>Why Do I Cite My Sources?Allows readers to find out where your information in your paper came from!Gives you credibility as a writerlets people know that you are using reliable information and facts!Protects you from plagiarism!!! (plagiarism means that you use someones words or ideas in your paper without giving them credit)</p></li><li><p>Avoiding PlagiarismProper citation of your sources can help you avoid plagiarism, which is a serious offense!Plagiarism may result in anything from failure of the assignment to suspension from school!</p></li><li><p>How do we give credit to our sources and avoid plagiarism?Giving credit to your sources begins with keeping track of where you are getting your information when you take notes and collect information and facts for your research paper.</p></li><li><p>How do we give credit to our sources?You make a list of all your sources on a Works Cited or Bibliography page. </p><p>You use citations within your paper every time you use information you collected from a source. </p></li><li><p>Works Cited PageA list of every source that you make reference to in your essayThis page goes at the end of your paperProvides the information necessary for a reader to locate any sources cited in your essay</p></li><li><p>A Sample Works Cited PageSmith 12Works Cited</p><p>Dickens, Charles. Bleak House. 1852-1853. New York: Penguin,</p><p>1985. Print.</p><p>---. David Copperfield. 1849-1850. New York: Houghton Mifflin </p><p>Company, 1958. Print.</p><p>Miller, J. Hillis. Charles Dickens: The World and His Novels. </p><p>Bloomington: U of Indiana P, 1958. Print.</p><p>Zwerdling, Alex. Esther Summerson Rehabilitated. PMLA 88 (May</p><p>1973): 429-439. Print.</p></li><li><p>Most citations contain the following basic information:Authors nameTitle of workPublication information (what company published it, where and when it was published)</p><p>What information about a source do you include in a Works Cited Page</p></li><li><p>Book:Byatt, A. S. Babel Tower. New York: Random House, 1996. Print.Article in a Magazine:Klein, Joe. Dizzy Days. The New Yorker 5 Oct. 1998: 40-45. Print.Web page w/known author:Poland, Dave. The Hot Button. Roughcut. Turner Network Television. 28 Oct. 1998 . Web. 12 Nov. 2013Newspaper article:Tommasini, Anthony. Master Teachers Whose Artistry Glows in Private. New York Times 27 Oct. 1998. Print.A source with no known author:Cigarette Sales Fall 30% as California Tax Rises. New York Times. 14 Sept. 1999: A17. Print.Encyclopedia: Bergman, P. G. "Relativity." The New Encyclopaedia Britannica. 15th ed. 1987. Print.Works Cited: Some Examples</p></li><li><p>When Should You Use Cite a Source within your paper?When quoting any words that are not your ownQuoting means to repeat another source word for word, using quotation marksWhen summarizing facts & ideas from a sourceSummarizing means to take ideas from a large passage of another source and condense them, using your own words</p></li><li><p>How will I create a Works Cited Page?You will use an internet site called NoodleTools and go to NoodleBib which will help you create a works cited page. All you will have to do is sign on to the site, select what type of source you are using (book, website, magazine, reference book) and type in the information it asks for!! (Dont worry, well be doing this step together!)</p></li><li><p>How do I let the person reading my paper know where I got my facts from?You use CITATIONS!A citation usually just tells the authors name and the page number in the book or the web article where you got your information. The citation (author page #) is contained within (parentheses)Every time you paraphrase a source or quote a source, you must put a CITATION at the end of it. </p></li><li><p>What does a Citation within your paper look like?(authors name and page number)Example: Youve just summarized some facts that you collected from page 5 of a book called Mummies by an author named Katie Ross.The first mummies in Ancient Egypt were discovered by Ronnie Ortega in 2005 in the Nile River Valley (Ross 5). Notice that youve only given the authors name and the number of the page where you got the facts in parentheses after the sentence in which you used facts from this source.Notice that the period at the end of the sentence comes AFTER the CITATION. </p></li><li><p>What if I quote a source?You must use quotation marks to let your reader know that you are quoting someone elses wordsAuthors last name & page number(s) of quote must appear after the quote:Mummies are the most beautiful forms of art one has ever seen (Ross 263).</p></li><li><p>What if my source doesnt have an author? If the source has no known author, then use an abbreviated version of the title:Full Title: California Cigarette Tax Deters SmokersCitation: (California A14)What if my source doesnt have a page number?If the source doesnt have a page number, then use n.p. (for no page):Citation: (California n.p.)</p></li><li><p>Make sure to give your sources credit!!!Always include all of the sources you used to do your research on your Works Cited page. Always give credit to your source when you quote or paraphrase from a source by using a CITATION (authors last name and page #).</p><p>*Rationale: Welcome to Cross-referencing: Using MLA Format. This presentation is designed to introduce your students to the purposes of documentation, as well as methods for effectively using parenthetical citations and a Works Cited page. The twenty-two slides presented here are designed to aid the facilitator in an interactive presentation of strategies for using MLA style. This presentation is ideal for the beginning of a research unit in a humanities course or any assignment that requires MLA documentation.This presentation may be supplemented with OWL handouts, including Using MLA Format. (http://owl.english.purdue.edu/handouts/research/r_mla.html), Paraphrase: Write It in Your Own Words (http://owl.english.purdue.edu/handouts/research/r_paraphr.html), Quoting, Paraphrasing, and Summarizing (http://owl.english.purdue.edu/handouts/research/r_quotprsum.html), and Avoiding Plagiarism (http://owl.english.purdue.edu/handouts/research/r_plagiar.html).</p><p>Directions: Each slide is activated by a single mouse click, unless otherwise noted in bold at the bottom of each notes page.</p><p>Writer and Designer: Jennifer Liethen KunkaContributors: Muriel Harris, Karen Bishop, Bryan Kopp, Matthew Mooney, David Neyhart, and Andrew KunkaDeveloped with resources courtesy of the Purdue University Writing LabGrant funding courtesy of the Multimedia Instructional Development Center at Purdue University Copyright Purdue University, 2000.*Key Concepts: This slide allows the facilitator to explain the purposes for using MLA documentation. MLA format provides writers with a system for cross-referencing their sourcesfrom their parenthetical references to their works cited page. This cross-referencing system allows readers to locate the publication information of source material. This is of great value for researchers who may want to locate your sources for their own research projects. The proper use of MLA style also shows the credibility of writers; such writers show accountability to their source material. Most importantly, the use of MLA style can protect writers from accusations of plagiarismthe purposeful or accidental use of source material by other writers without giving appropriate credit. The next slide provides additional information on plagiarism.</p><p>Click to reveal each item.*Key Concepts: Plagiarism is a serious offense in the university system, and may result in punishments ranging from failure of the assignment, failure of the course, or expulsion from school. </p><p>There is a handout on OWL about plagiarism and can be found at http://owl.english.purdue.edu/workshops/hypertext/ResearchW/plag.html</p><p>Click to reveal each item.</p><p>**Rationale: This slide establishes the two areas of MLA documentation, the Works Cited page and parenthetical citations.*Key Concepts: This slide explains the purpose of a works cited page. Students may also understand this to be called the bibliography page. The facilitator may stress that each source referenced within the paper should also appear on the works cited page. The works cited page appears at the end of the paper.*Key Concepts: This slide offers students a sample of what a Works Cited page looks like.* For this particular paper, four sources were used. The first and second sources are reprints of earlier published novels, hence the use of the two dates. The second source has three dashed lines in place of the author, Charles Dickens. This is to indicate that the same author wrote both concurrently listed works. The third source is a book published in 1958. Note the abbreviations for University and Press. The fourth source is an article from a continually paginated journal.The facilitator may choose to explain the form of this page. Note that Works Cited is centered at the top. All sources are double spaced and alphabetized according to author. All lines after the first line of an entry should be indented five spaces. The facilitator may also choose to reference students to the final pages on the Writing Lab MLA handout, which also offers a sample Works Cited.</p><p>* From I am Born: The Birth of Identity in David Copperfield and Bleak House by Jennifer L. Kunka, Purdue University (unpublished manuscript).*Rationale: This slide shows the basic information needed for entries on the works cited page.*Examples: This slide provides examples of a few commonly used citation formats. The web page example will prove to be the most confusing for students (particularly because MLA just released information on citing web pages). The web page example lists the authors name (if available), the title of the article in quotation marks, the title of the web site underlined or italicized, the date of publication, the publisher, the date information was accessed by the user, and the web address in brackets. Students may not find all of this information when they look at a web page, particularly the authors name, the date, and the publisher. The facilitator should remind students that they should list in order the information that they do have. The first date for a web site is the date of the article or entry, the second date is the date the student accessed the article.</p><p>Click to reveal each example.*Key Concepts: The next two slides explain the occasions in which MLA citations will be necessary, as well as explains the differences between quoting, summarizing, and paraphrasing. Students will be most familiar with the need to cite for quotations, but the facilitator should stress that if the idea comes from someone else, the source material should be cited.*Key Concepts: This slide emphasizes the need to keep parenthetical citations within a paper brief. The information provided in the body of the paper should be just enough so that a reader could easily cross-reference the citation with its matching entry on the Works Cited page. The following slides give examples of how to use parenthetical references.</p><p>Click to reveal each item.*Examples: The two examples in this slide illustrate methods for including parenthetical citations in the text. If the authors name is listed in the preceding sentence, only the page number of the quotation should appear in the parenthetical citation following the sentence. If the authors name does not appear within the sentence, the parenthetical citation should include the authors last name and the page number. In either case, a reader should be able to cross-reference back to the Works Cited page and locate all of the publication information needed to find Wordsworths work, in this case an excerpt in an anthology:</p><p>Wordsworth, William. Preface to Lyrical Ballads. 1802. Romanticism: An Anthology. Ed. Duncan Wu. Cambridge, MA: Basil Blackwell Ltd., 1995. 250-69.</p><p>The facilitator may also note that the parenthetical reference is located before the period.*Examples: This slide provides information about additional variations on the parenthetical reference. The first example demonstrates how to handle sources with no author. In this case, the newspaper article title is listed in quotation marks. If this was the title of a book, however, California would be italicized within the parenthetical reference. The second example illustrates a citation for a one-page article or a web page. Because the size and number of printed web pages varies greatly from computer to computer, a page number is not a stable reference. Therefore, page numbers are omitted from the reference. The facilitator may also wish to note that the URL/web address should NOT be listed within the body of the paper--only on the Works Cited page.</p><p>Click to reveal each item.</p></li></ul>