Eugene Delacroix-Liberty Leads the Masses French Revolutuion
Manifest DestinyUS History Map of United States Circa 1830
What is Manifest Destiny?American Progress Color Lithograph by George A. Crofutt and John Gast
What is Manifest DestinyBelief that the US should expand its territory from coast to coast
US Territorial Expansion When?From Where?Why?1776Great BritainUS declared independence from Great BritainA - 13 Original Colonies
US Territorial Expansion AWhen?From Where?Why?1783Great BritainPart of results of Treaty of Paris (ended Revolutionary War)BB - Western Lands
US Territorial Expansion AWhen?From Where?Why?1803FranceNapoleon needed $Jefferson wanted to buy New OrleansHe got all of this instead! BC - Louisiana PurchaseC
US Territorial Expansion AWhen?From Where?Why?1819SpainAndrew Jackson invadedSpain then sold it to us for $5 millionBD - FloridaDC
Thinking Question (dont write this down!! Just think!)Why werent Americans happy with the size of their country at this point in their history?
Mr. Manifest DestinyJames K. PolkElected President in 1844Added more territory to the US (by any means) than any other PresidentDied 103 days after his single term ended
Objective: To examine Manifest Destiny and the start of the Mexican War. New York Idaho Indiana Nevada Texas Nebraska Florida- 1819, Ceded by Spain 1776, original 13 states1783, terms of the Treaty of Paris1846, agreement with Britain1848, Mexican Cession (Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo)1845, Annexed by Congress- 1803, Louisiana Purchase (Purchased from France)Do Now: Use the maps provided to write when, and in what way, the following areas became parts of the United States.
Manifest Destiny - belief that the U.S. had the right to all the land between the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans
Election of 1844 Presidential candidate James Polk believed strongly in Manifest Destiny, and he favored annexing Oregon and Texas.President James K. Polk Polks Presidential slogans were:Fifty-Four Forty or Fight andAll of Oregon or None
After winning the election, the U.S. and Great Britain compromised by dividing Oregon at latitude 49 degrees north. This is why we now call the Canada-US Border the 49th Parallel. We in Nova Scotia Live south of this, as do Toronto citizens. However, its become the standard way of describing the border.
The U.S. declared war on Mexico in 1846, shortly after annexing Texas.MULTIMEDIAMexican War The Beginning
Gen. Zachary TaylorGen. Santa Anna*First battle of the war.
Northerners opposed the war. They felt it was a Southern attempt to add more slave states to the Union.Free StatesSlave StatesBalance of Power Between Free and Slave States as of 1844 Original 13 States
MichiganMaineIllinoisIndianaOhioVermontRhode IslandNew YorkNew HampshireMassachusettsConnecticutNew JerseyPennsylvaniaArkansasMissouriAlabamaMississippiLouisianaTennesseeKentuckyVirginiaNorth CarolinaSouth CarolinaMarylandGeorgiaDelaware
US Territorial Expansion AWhen?From Where?Why?1845Republic of Texas (Independent Country)Texas independent from Mexico in 1836Northerners feared it would become a slave state Fears finally overcome in 1944 Presidential electionBE - TexasDCE
US Territorial Expansion AWhen?From Where?Why?1846Great BritainClaimed by four countries (G. Britain, Russia, Spain, & US)Americans demanded 54 40 or fight!Britain compromised 49 & US acceptedBF - Oregon TerritoryDCEF
US Territorial Expansion AWhen?From Where?Why?1848MexicoPolk offers to buy G from Mexico & they refuseWar!US winsIn Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, US offers $15 million for GBG - Mexican CessionDCEFG
Discussion Question(Dont write!! Just think!)Why does the U.S. keep offering countries money for territories they gain through war (Ex. Florida and Mexico)?
HAWAII AND ALASKA?Alaska - 3 January 1959 HOW?Acquisition in 1867 by the U.S. from Russia of 586,412 sq mi (1.5 million sq km) at the northwestern tip of North America, comprising the current U.S. state of Alaska. The territory, held by Russia since 1741, was considered an economic liability, and in 1866 it was offered for sale. Pres. Andrew Johnson's secretary of state, William Seward, negotiated its purchase for $7.2 million, or about two cents per acre. Critics labeled the purchase Seward's Folly. Congressional opposition delayed the appropriation until 1868, when extensive lobbying and bribes by the Russian minister to the U.S. secured the required votes
Hawaii became a US Territory in 1898 by Act of Congress.After William McKinley won the presidential election in 1896, Hawaii's annexation to the U.S. was again discussed. The previous president, Grover Cleveland, was a friend of Hawaiis Queen Liliuokalani. McKinley was open to persuasion by U.S. expansionists and by annexationists from Hawaii. He met with three annexationists from Hawaii: Lorrin Thurston, Francis March Hatch and William Ansel Kinney. After negotiations, in June 1897, Secretary of State John Sherman agreed to a treaty of annexation with these representatives of the Republic of Hawaii.Hawaii BECAME A STATE 21 August 1959