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<ul><li><p>Ethiopian Wolf Conservation ProgrammeTHE ETHIOPIAN WOLF, </p><p>AFRICAS MOST ENDANGERED CARNIVORE </p></li><li><p> EWCP and the Wolves</p><p>Zegeye KibretFebruary 18, 2011ICS, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia</p></li><li><p>The Afroalpine highlands of Ethiopia constitute 80% of Africas high ground over 3000m asl</p></li><li><p>These mountains are magnificent and harbor unique species found nowhere else in the world</p></li><li><p>The Ethiopian WolfEndemic to Ethiopia.</p><p>Lives in mountain grasslands and scrub above 3000 metres.</p><p>Worlds most endangered canid, Africas most endangered carnivore.</p><p>No wolves in captivity.</p><p>Unlike most canids, the Ethiopian Wolf is a specialist when it comes to diet.</p><p>Forages alone, defends territory as a pack</p></li><li><p>2There are less than 450 Ethiopian wolves left in the entire world today.</p></li><li><p>Occur in just seven isolated mountain pockets above 3000m. </p><p>The largest population of wolves is found in the Bale Mountains (approx 250).ExtinctExtinctApprox. 250 individuals70251515605</p></li><li><p>Live in a group called a PackAre territorial The pack is led by alpha male and female pair</p></li><li><p>They prey primarily on rodents, such as field mice and mole rats.</p><p>In the Bale Mountains, the endemic Giant mole rat is their favourite prey</p></li><li><p>Adult wolves bring food to the pups</p></li><li><p>Once a year the alpha female from a pack gives birth to 2 to 7 pups.They emerge from the den after 3 weeksThe rest of the pack helps to feed the pups until they can hunt for themselves.At 6 months the pups are independent and must find their own food.</p></li><li><p>Threats An ever-increasing human population, moving further (higher) into the Afroalpine The resultant expansion of crops and livestock farming which means less habitat and food available for wolves A possible increase in direct human-wildlife conflict</p></li><li><p>Livestock grazing?THREATS TO THE SURVIVAL OF THE WOLVES</p></li><li><p>Domestic DogsDisease transmissionDirect conflictHybridization</p></li><li><p>Disease is the most immediate threat to the Ethiopian wolves.</p><p>In 2003 in the Bale Mountains National Park, 70% of Web Valleys wolves died of rabies. </p><p>In 2008 and 2009, a total of 120 wolves in Morebawa and the Web Valley were lost to rabies, transmitted from domestic dogs. THREATS TO THE SURVIVAL OF THE WOLVES</p></li><li><p>The Ethiopian Wolf Conservation ProgrammeThe programme was started in 1995. It is the longest running conservation programme in Ethiopia and the only programme concerned with saving the Ethiopian wolves. A non-profit organisation that relies entirely on donations to cover running costs.Operate out of the Bale Mountains National Park, with programmes also running in Arsi, and in the 5 northern wolf populations of EthiopiaCurrently employ more than 30 local wolf monitors, education officers, veterinary officers and support staff. </p></li><li><p>WHAT DOES EWCP DO TO HELP SAVE THIS HIGHLY ENDANGERED AND UNIQUE ANIMAL?</p></li><li><p>Our goal and tools</p></li><li><p>Monitoring10 wolf monitors, spend a total of 17 days in the field each month.Generate long term data sets (life histories, breeding success etc) on which conservation decisions can be based.Early warning for disease outbreaks.Monitor effectiveness of disease intervention.</p></li><li><p>Domestic dog vaccinations:</p><p>EWCP has a vet team who work hard to vaccinate domestic dogs in and around the Bale Mountains National Park against rabies. By doing this, we hope to decrease the threat of rabies to Ethiopian wolves, as this deadly disease is easily spread from the dogs to the wolves. Since 1996, over 62 000 dogs have been vaccinated by the EWCP teams. </p></li><li><p>100 wolves vaccinated in 2008 and 2009 in response to rabies outbreaksContained rabies to immediate outbreak areaEnsured that at least a breeding pair survived in each packRapid response to rabies outbreaks</p></li><li><p>EWCP Education and Outreach</p></li><li><p>Education and Outreach programme: </p><p>School programmes and door-to-door visits within villages.Training of new teachers in conservation management at the teacher training colleges.Reaches more than 15 000 students, teachers, administrators and community members a yearEstablishment of Nature Clubs within schools and villages.Establishment of wildlife libraries within schoolsAnnual Wolf Day, raising awareness in Arsi and Bale.Annual Rabies Day</p></li><li><p>Healthy wolves mean healthy mountains!</p><p>By protecting the wolves we also protect other biological resources:WaterSoilsVegetationThe wolves rodent preyAnd all the other animals and people that depend on the healthy afroalpine environment and their ecosystem processes.</p></li><li><p>Thank you for your time.Please, we need your support to save these very special animals!</p><p>******Wolf population trendsLivestock DistributionWildlife DistributionHabitation SurveysBreeding SuccessDisease Surveillance</p><p>LONG TERM*Expand education to North**</p></li></ul>


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