Early Buddhist Art Vocabulary Buddha Nirvana Karma Urna Ushnisha Mandala Stupa Aniconic Chaityas Torana Mandala Stupa Aniconic.

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    20-Dec-2015

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Transcript

  • Slide 1
  • Early Buddhist Art Vocabulary Buddha Nirvana Karma Urna Ushnisha Mandala Stupa Aniconic Chaityas Torana Mandala Stupa Aniconic
  • Slide 2
  • Early Buddhism Buddha-the Enlightened One Indian prince, 6th century BCE Four Noble Truths: Everything is pain; pain is desire; extinction of desire is nirvana; following the path of Buddhism ends pain Ability to create good Karma for a better rebirth End of rebirthing cycle is achievement of Nirvana
  • Slide 3
  • The Great Stupa, Sanchi, India, 3 rd century BCE
  • Slide 4
  • Diagram of the Great Stupa, Sanchi, India, 3 rd century BCE
  • Slide 5
  • Torana, The Great Stupa, Sanchi, India, 10-30 CE
  • Slide 6
  • Boh Tree, detail of the East Torana, Great Stupa, Sanchi, India, 10-30 CE
  • Slide 7
  • Yakshi, The Great Stupa, Sanchi, India, 10-30 CE
  • Slide 8
  • Seated Buddha, Gandhara, Pakistan, 2 nd -3 rd century CE Urna-spot on head, curl of hair Ushnisha-lump on top of head Buddha first depicted in human form in the 1 st century BC in India and Pakistan Similarity to Roman Gods
  • Slide 9
  • Buddhism in China-1 st century CE 220-589 CE, China experienced civil unrest as a result of several conflicting dynasties Buddhism comes to China via the Silk Road from India Buddha-the Enlightened One Indian prince Four Noble Truths: Everything is pain; pain is desire; extinction of desire is nirvana; following the path of Buddhism ends pain Ability to create good Karma for a better rebirth End of rebirthing cycle is achievement of Nirvana
  • Slide 10
  • Sakyamuni Buddha, China, Zhau Dynasty, 338 CE Resembles prototype of the Pakistani Buddha Misrepresentation of meditation gesture

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