Designing from the Inside Out - San Francisco Sheriff's ... ? 1. Designing from the Inside Out. Designing

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Designing from the Inside OutSan Bruno Jail Workshop San Bruno Jail Workshop August 8th 2014 August 8th 2014 1Designing from the Inside OutDesigning Incarceration NationThe United States incarcerates more of its citizens than any country in the world. 1 out of 100 people in the United States are currently incarcerated, spending anywhere from a few days to a few years to their whole lives behind bars. Incarcerated individuals are disproportionately people of color, especially men, and those who are poor and un- or under-educated and employed. Recidivism rates up to 76% suggest that incarceration does little to reduce offending and subsequently results in the reincarceration of the same individuals over and over again. At a cost of 68 billion dollars annually, this ineffective system diverts funding from vital social programs, such as education and health, 10 to 15% of these dollars are spent on the infrastructure of our current justice system (e.g., architectural design, construction and operation of courthouses, jails, detentions centers, prisons). While facility design and operations are rarely considered in conjunction with system effectiveness, research suggests facility architecture and design impacts the physical and psychological well-being of the incarcerated and staff alike. Since prisons are ineffective at reducing recidivism and perpetuate feelings of anger and bitterness, and foster violence, there is reason to question whether current facility design is promoting or inhibiting justice goals aimed at reducing offending, encouraging productive community participation, and creating safe communities. While the goal of some justice architecture is to increase safety for those living and working there, the lack of privacy in its planning, the limited access to light and air, poor acoustics exacerbated by hard surfaces, and institutional furnishings all contribute in institutionalizing those within and fostering stressful and antagonistic environments that do not facilitate transformation and healing. We face a challenge. Do we continue to design prisons aimed to solely punish, knowing such designs are having little effect on recidivism and inhibits well-being? Or do we design to get at more fundamental concerns of accountability and personal transformation and promote well-being? Restorative justice may offer some insight into how to design for the latter. SourcesBureau of Justice Statisticswww.bjs.govNAACPwww.naacp.orgVERA Institute of Justice by Education LevelSome High School or LessGEDHigh School Post Secondary64%26%25%10%Incarceration by OffenseViolent29.1%Property29%Drug25.4%Public order15.8%29.1% 70.9%Incarceration by RaceBlack Latino White64%10%26%The Environmental Psychology of Prisons and Jails, Richard E Wener, Cambridge University Press , 2012Designing from the Inside OutAugust 8, 2014 2Restorative Justice + DesignRestorative justice seeks to restore and repair the people and relationships impacted by crime by understanding victims needs and holding offenders accountable in a way that meets these needs. One common restorative justice practice, victim offender dialogue, brings victims and offenders together for face-to-face meetings to discuss impacts, needs, and, when appropriate, ways to repair damages. Thousands of these dialogue programs operate in the US, Canada, and Europe, with many dialogues occurring in prisons when the offender is incarcerated and the crimes have been violent. Research suggests that these encounters contribute to increased empathy, improved restitution completion, and reduced offending. Rather than focused on punishment, this philosophical approach to justice relies on values such as respect, participation, trust, accountability, and healing. Just as the principles and values of our punitive approach to justice manifest in our current justice architectural typologies, the philosophies of a restorative model can inform the design of justice spaces, including correctional facilities, in a radically different way. Some restorative justice theorists and practitioners propose that since restorative justice is ultimately a philosophy and set of values, it could inform the design of physical environments in such a way that the environmental design supports the programs which occur within the space. This concern for the design of the spaces in which restorative justice occurs is new but important. As a localized, place-based criminal, cultural, and civic approach, restorative justice practices require local, flexible and immediately available meeting places. Currently, restorative processes occur in a variety of readily available civic, religious and personal spaces from homes, houses of worship, schools, to courtrooms. They also occur in prisons and jails.VictimOffenderCommunity3Designing from the Inside OutDesigning Justice + Designing SpacesThe Designing Justice + Designing Spaces project aims to explore the relationship between restorative justice and the architecture and design of justice spaces, with a particular interest in the design of correctional facilities. It is one of the first methodological approaches to working with incarcerated populations to re-envision, re-appropriate, and re-create the spaces of incarceration using the values and principles of restorative justice.This project is funded by The Fetzer Institute. Use restorative values and principles to re-envision and re-appropriate institutional space.Engage with incarcerated men and women as active agents in envisioning healing spaces for justice.Equip incarcerated individuals with materials, design skills and analytic ability to explore the implication of environment and its impact on well-being.Create a toolkit for re-envisioning, re-appropriating, and re-creating the space of incarceration using the values and principles of restorative justice.Harvest program participants knowledge and self-knowledge about the critical interrelationships between our inner and outer life, as it relates to design and restorative justice, by using tools for self-reflection, such as collage and a visual diary.12345GoalsDesigning from the Inside OutAugust 8, 2014 4Designing from the Inside OutThe Designing from the Inside Out workshops invite incarcerated people to consider restorative justice and re-design criminal justice environments so that they are informed by restoration and healing, through a customized community engagement process in high security settings. These workshops are approximately 10-12 hours in length.The participants in Designing from the Inside Out workshops read restorative justice and design literature, engage in discussions, and participate in mini-design labs, the learnings from which they apply in the creation of a design concept for a justice space of their choosing that embodies the values of restorative justice. Participants learn and use a variety of design tools (e.g., image boards, models, collages) to express their vision of justice spaces that embody restorative justice values and goals. To date, three workshops have been offered in state prisons and county jails in Pennsylvania and California. 5Designing from the Inside OutSan Bruno Jail WorkshopFinal ProjectsThe creation of a diagram to guide participants into thinking about the story of their designed space.Representing ideas of the space in the form of a collage to better visualize the restorative qualities wanted.Detailed 2-D floor plans of the designed space, or a room within their space, drawn with architectural precision.A perspective rendering of the design so participants can apply taught techniques and further communicate their ideas. Each team creates a 3-D paper model of their design, or a room within their design.Each team pins up their designs for a presentation of their concept, the restorative justice values that the design represented, and feasible aspects of the design that could be implemented.123456This document provides examples of design concepts created by incarcerated men and women in the Designing from the Inside Out workshops and features those created by men incarcerated at San Bruno jail in San Francisco, CA. This workshop ran for approximately 12 hours over 4 days and included 18 male students, all of whom were participating in the RSVP program. In addition to the workshop of reading, discussion, and mini-design lab, students also interviewed other incarcerated men and jail staff to solicit their ideas for designs informed by restorative justice. The students learned 5 design tools visual diary, collage, diagramming, perspective/montage, and model making.As a final project, the class divided into 5 small groups and each team was asked to create a design concept for a room, building, or collection of buildings so that its design and architecture represented the values inherent to restorative justice. They used their learnings and newly learned design skills to create these concepts. Upon completion, each team pinned up their designs for a presentation of their concept, the restorative justice values that the design represented, and feasible aspects of the design that could be implemented. A panel of reviewers, including the workshop facilitators, correctional administrators, and community-based program facilitators, offered feedback on each concept. The students designs and the narratives they created to explain them follow. Their work provides insight into the creation and design of justice spaces that embody restorative justice values.Project ComponentsDesigning from the Inside OutAugust 8, 2014 6Peace WithinThis is what a cell would look like from a restorative justice point of view. There would basically be a peaceful setting with electronics to keep the mind busy and at ease. A place that feels safe and comfortable to work on self in nurturing ways. It would be a place to sit with yourself, to get to know yourself and become aware of your actions.Designed & Written by:Marion TukesDonald GillisDeAndre Hill3-D paper model of the designEveryone is equalEquality is the beginning of change7Designing from the Inside Out2-D floor plan Designing from the Inside OutAugust 8, 2014 8Peace WithinRepresentative collage The thing that we would be able to do is add a sunroof, two more big windows and a gym set such as pull up bars or a full court gym just more things to relieve the stress.9Designing from the Inside OutInterior view showing a phone in the cell and a privacy screen for the bathroomWindow with views to the exteriorDesk with a computerDesigning from the Inside OutAugust 8, 2014 10Perspective drawing of the redesigned cell11Designing from the Inside OutCreating a perspectiveMarion working on the 3-D paper model DeAndre presenting the teams projectDesigning from the Inside OutAugust 8, 2014 12S.F. County Community Healing CenterThe San Francisco County Community Healing Center was founded by Omar, Raya and Dante, 3 former inmates who had a passion for change. The program is based around our six restorative justice values love, respect, confidentiality, privacy, honesty, and flexibility. We knew it would take change in order for our communities to heal. With our design these 6 core values were integrated into the building structure. The old monolithic setting had to be eradicated and replaced with a new much ideal infrastructure. With much dedication and hard work we would like to present to you our presentation of the new San Francisco County Community Healing Center.Designed & Written by:Omar WilliamsRaya ManDante HayesExterior view of the Healing Center13Designing from the Inside OutRepresentative collage Designing from the Inside OutAugust 8, 2014 14S.F. County Community Healing CenterFirst floor plan15Designing from the Inside OutOmar working on the 2-D floor plan Dante drawing one of the floor plansDante presenting the teams design conceptDesigning from the Inside OutAugust 8, 2014 163-D paper model of the design17Designing from the Inside OutView of the interior courtyardDesigning from the Inside OutAugust 8, 2014 18Restorative Justice Glass House Healing CenterDesigned & Written by:Anthony GrossoMichael JohnsonPhilip TorresEntrance to the Restorative Justice Center Glass House19Designing from the Inside OutThis is a place where people who have broken laws come to heal. They are taught how to be productive members of the community through:1. Counseling/TriageFind out what the clients needs are;Make a list of goals for each client;Begin counseling sessions2. Music Therapy RoomWe have one of Californias newest music labs, with state of the art recording studios plus a full array of musical instruments and instructors;Learning how to express yourself through music3. Living QuartersAll have memory foam beds;All have full closets;All receive MacBook Pros;All have full entertainment centers with no expense spared4. Multi Purpose RoomYoga, full time masseuse and acupuncturist;Herbal healing5. Full KitchenCaterers with no expense spared6. General Space Living RoomPhones, movies, glass roof, plants, dogs, fish, leather couches, La-Z-Boys for senior advocates7. Friday is Ice Cream Night Representative CollageDesigning from the Inside OutAugust 8, 2014 20Restorative Justice Glass House Healing CenterGlass House floor plan21Designing from the Inside OutAnthony creating the 3-D model of the Glass House Designing from the Inside OutAugust 8, 2014 22Healing Center floor planRestorative Justice Glass House Healing Center23Designing from the Inside OutBack entrance to the Glass House August 8, 2014Designing from the Inside Out24Interior view of the Glass House25Designing from the Inside OutAnthony explaining his vision to the review panel and his peersDesigning from the Inside OutAugust 8, 2014 26Healing Sun CenterOur restorative justice design concept is a healing center. We feel a healing center is needed in a jail or prison that is actually based on Restorative Justice. Inside of the Healing Center a healing circle would be included. In the circle there would be dialogue between the offender and the victim, making the healing process more possible for them both. The circle is a set of chairs surrounding a sun on the floor the sun represents life as one. Designed & Written by:Troy JonesDonte SykesNicholas JacksonView of the healing circle27Designing from the Inside OutThere is a TV at one end of the circle as well. The TV comes in and out of the floor so it doesnt always have to be visible. The purpose of the TV is so that whoever could not attend could be present via video communications. A fish aquarium is also included in our design. The aquarium represents peace because looking at it creates a feeling of calmness and happiness, which is what we want in our center. There are trees in the healing center as well. The trees represent life and growth, because we want people to grow from our healing center. There are also 2 restrooms and a refreshment stand. The walls are glass so participants can look out to the trees.Healing Sun Center floor planDesigning from the Inside OutAugust 8, 2014 28The restorative justice value that our design represents is a core value of respect. As Barb Toews says in her book, a justice system grounded in respect recognizes the need for accountability, restoration, and healing. This respect comes through listening to and validating the experiences of everyone impacted by crime. A system with dignity and worth. A respectful system assists people in naming their justice needs and involves them in creating a justice response. All of this can be accomplished at our healing center. Healing Sun Center Representative collage29Designing from the Inside Out3-D paper model of the designDesigning from the Inside OutAugust 8, 2014 30Aspects of our design that are feasible to implement on relatively short notice and with little money here in the pod would be having a fish tank to create a feeling of peace, or plants to create a feeling of life and growth.Healing Sun CenterPerspective drawing of the Healing Sun Center31Designing from the Inside OutView of the 3-D paper model without exterior wallsDesigning from the Inside OutAugust 8, 2014 32Restorative PodDesigned & Written by:Lamar PaschallAnthony PrattKeith WilkinsAliton WoodsonView of the Restorative Justice room and the central waterfallThe water fountain would have a statue in the middle. There would be flowers and plants going around the foot of the statue.33Designing from the Inside Out2-D floor plan of the design When entering our Restorative Pod the first room you encounter is the Restorative Justice Room. The Restorative Justice Room will have vibrant colors on the walls, floors, paintings to stimulate the healing process. The RJ Room has a circular table that represents life because life comes full circle, which encompasses everything RJ is about. It also represents one whole instead of division. No one person is superior to another. This room will also have plants, flowers and other living things to support life.The visual communication both allows the person entering the booth to have privacy and intimacy with his/her family. We incorporated a small screen to allow the user to see his family member and vice versa.Designing from the Inside OutAugust 8, 2014 34Restorative Pod3-D paper model of the design35Designing from the Inside OutAliton working on the 3-D paper model Anthony working on the floor plan as Lamar looks onDeanna assisting Anthony with the 2-D floor plan representationDesigning from the Inside OutAugust 8, 2014 36Restorative PodKeith adding color to the floor plan37Designing from the Inside OutView of the Gaming and Music RoomDesigning from the Inside OutAugust 8, 2014 38View of the Movie and TV Room39Designing from the Inside OutAliton giving the audience a better look of their detailed 3-D model Designing from the Inside OutAugust 8, 2014 40The Designing from the Inside Out workshop has been graciously funded by the Fetzer Institute. We would like to give a special thank you to Community Works for sponsoring our class and facilaitating its success. We also want to thank the volunteers and staff at San Bruno County Jail who helped make the class possible. Thank youSpecial thanks to Sherriff Ross Mirakami, Ruth Morgan, Dee Myers, Melvyn Jarrettii & Kelly Gregory www.communityworkswest.orgGraphic Design by: Francis Goyes & Mike Nicholls Design41Designing from the Inside OutDesigning from the Inside OutAugust 8, 2014 42AboutBarb Toews is an experienced practitioner, trainer and educator in restorative justice and victim offender dialogue in prison, community and educational settings. Her previous work with the Pennsylvania Prison Society included developing restorative justice programs in prison settings, managing and incorporating the philosophy into offender and offender family programs and collaborating with incarcerated men and women as they develop their own restorative projects. Prior to this experience, she was the founding director of the Lancaster Area Victim Offender Reconciliation Program. Barb will be on the Criminal Justice Faculty at the University of Washington Tacoma in the fall.Deanna Van Buren is a thought leader, researching, formulating, and advocating for restorative justice centers, a radical transformation of justice architecture. She is the founding partner of FOURM, a design firm creating spaces for peacemaking and restorative justice. Recent work in her firm includes the Creating Justice Toolkit for designing with incarcerated populations, facilities for restorative justice programs in Oakland, California, development of a Restorative Justice Center prototype, and installation design for the American Reparatory Theaters Civil War project. She authored Restorative Justice Design: Developing New Typologies for Social Change. Van Buren holds a Master of Architecture from Columbia University, a BS in Architecture at the University of Virginia, and recently completed The Loeb Fellowship at Harvards Graduate School of Design.43Designing from the Inside Out