China: Traditions and Transformations

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China: Traditions and Transformations. Self-Realization in the Medieval World October 5 , 200 7. The Period of Division (220-589) The Southern Dynasties during the Period of Division (center at Jiankang modern Nanjing) Eastern Jin/Chin317-420 (Liu) Song/Sung420-475 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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  • China: Traditions and Transformations

    Self-Realization in the Medieval WorldOctober 5, 2007

  • The Period of Division (220-589)The Southern Dynasties during the Period of Division (center at Jiankang modern Nanjing)Eastern Jin/Chin317-420(Liu) Song/Sung420-475Southern Qi/Ch'i475-502Liang 502-557Chen/Ch'en557-589(north and south were unified by the Sui dynasty in 589.)

  • Consequences of the loss of the north for dynasties in the south The predominance of military interestsThe weakness of local governmentThe "clan" as a form of social organizationThe great clansThe migr clans of the South

  • Four Strands in Aristocratic Culture

    1."Learning of mystery" (xuanxue/hsuan-hsueh) and "pure conversation" (qingtan/ch'ing t'an)

    Philosophical justifications for non-involvement Guo Xiang The interest in personality -- Xi Kang/Hsi Kang and the "Seven Sages of the Bamboo Grove" Fatalism and individuality

  • Four Strands in Aristocratic Culture2.DaoismThe Celestial Master cultThe "mingling of qi" (energy-and-matter or material force)Elixir Daoism -- Yang Xi and the Maoshan revelations

  • Four Strands in Aristocratic Culture2.DaoismThe Celestial Master cultThe "mingling of qi" (energy-and-matter or material force)Elixir Daoism -- Yang Xi and the Maoshan revelations

  • Four Strands in Aristocratic Culture

    3. AlchemyInner and Outer AlchemyTheoretical foundations for alchemyAlchemy as an intellectual pursuit

  • Four Strands in Aristocratic Culture

    3. AlchemyInner and Outer AlchemyTheoretical foundations for alchemyAlchemy as an intellectual pursuit

  • Four Strands in Aristocratic Culture

    4. Literary Art

    Literary genres -- occasional and personalThe premise and promise of (literary) artWhy write?