Chapter 8 Opposition to Slavery 1800-1833

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Chapter 8 Opposition to Slavery 1800-1833. I. A Country in Turmoil. Late 1820s was a time of great change Transportation and market revolution Industrialization and immigration Banking and money influence public policy Fears People felt threatened Paranoia. Political Paranoia. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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  • Chapter 8

    Opposition to Slavery 1800-1833

  • I. A Country in TurmoilLate 1820s was a time of great changeTransportation and market revolutionIndustrialization and immigrationBanking and money influence public policyFearsPeople felt threatenedParanoia

  • Political ParanoiaCorrupt bargainDemocratic partyProtected workers and farmers from the money powerStates rightsProtected slavery from national government interferenceSupported expanding slavery into new regions

  • Political Paranoia (cont.)Democratic partyTraditional view of womens role in societySubservientAdvocated white supremacyAfrican Americans designed by God to be slavesSlave power

  • Political Paranoia (cont.)WhigsOpposed Jackson and the DemocratsAnti-Masonic partyBelieved Freemasons wanted to destroy governmentSupported active, nationalist governmentGreater emphasis on morality and ProtestantismReformersOpposed territorial expansionAttracted opponents to slavery

  • The Second Great AwakeningGovernment and heaven becoming democraticTake control in religion away from established clergyPeople have a role in their own salvationInfluenced black churches that emerged in 1800s-1810sCharles G. FinneyPerfectionism Reform movements

  • The Benevolent EmpirePractical ChristianityReform: public education, temperance, prison reform, mentally and physically handicappedAntislavery societies

  • Abolitionism Begins in AmericaPre-revolutionary Southern slaves sought to free themselves Received help from free blacks and a few whitesDid not seek to destroy slave labor system

  • Abolitionism Begins in America (cont.)Post-revolutionary Black and white abolitionists from the NorthQuakersOrganized first antislavery society, 1775Society for the Promotion of the Abolition of Slavery, 1784Attracted non-QuakersGradual emancipationNot equal rightsLittle emphasis on southern slaveryEmotionalism and ActionSecond Great Awakening and Benevolent Empire

  • From Gabriel to Denmark VeseyGabriels Conspiracy, 1800Haitian refugeesRevolutionary rhetoricRevolutionary spiritInsurrectionary network lived on

  • From Gabriel to Denmark Vesey (cont.)Gabriels Conspiracy, 1800ConsequencesChesapeake antislavery societies declinedEnded hope to abolish slavery in Maryland, Virginia, and North CarolinaFears of race warRebellions Not caused by slaveryBlack people were suited and contentFree black people Free black people were dangerous and criminalEconomic threat to white people

  • From Gabriel to Denmark Vesey (cont.)Denmark Vesey, 1822Familiar with revolutionary rhetoricHaitian revoltsFrench RevolutionMissouri CrisisAntislavery speeches

  • From Gabriel to Denmark Vesey (cont.)Denmark Vesey: ConsequencesCharlestonDestroyed AME churchImproved slave patrols Outlawed slave assemblagesBanned teaching slaves to readBlack seaman jailed until ships ready to leave portIncreasingly suspicious ofFree African-AmericansWhite Yankee visitors

  • III. The American Colonization SocietyACS, 1816Proposed gradual emancipationWith compensationSending ex-slaves and freed people to LiberiaSupport of southern slaveholdersNorthern supporters preferred giving a choice

  • Black NationalismWhite prejudice denied blacks full citizenshipLiberiaHaitiPrince HallPaul CuffeHenry Highland GarnetAlexander Crummel

  • Opposition to ColonizationAmericans not AfricansPreferred to improve conditions in AmericaWorried that voluntary colonization would be forcedMost southern states required the expulsion of slaves individually freed by mastersEfforts to expel all free black people or return them to slaveryArkansas, 1858ACS considered a proslavery scheme to force free black people to choose between reenslavement or banishment.

  • IV. Black Women Abolitionists19th century rigid gender hierarchyDenied women access to law, politics, business, Most black women poor, lacked educationSlave and free risked all harboring fugitive slavesUsed meager savings to purchase freedomPhiladelphia Female Anti-Slavery Society, 1833Maria Stewart (See PROFILE)First women to address male audiences in public

  • V. The Baltimore AllianceBenjamin LundyQuakerGenius of Universal EmancipationWilliam Watkins (See VOICES)Freedoms JournalWilliam Lloyd GarrisonThe LiberatorImmediate emancipation without compensation or expatriationEqual rightsAltered abolition in America

  • VI. David Walkers AppealDavid WalkerAppeal . . . to the Colored Citizens of the World, 1829Aggressively attacked slavery and white racismAdvocated violenceFrightened white southernersPamphlet was regarded as dangerous in the Old SouthFound among slaves in southern partsSee PROFILE

  • VII. Nat TurnerNat TurnerLearned to read as a childStudied the BibleSaw visionsBelieved God intended him to lead people to freedomRevolt, August 1831Virginia state constitutional convention, 1829Class tensionsEmancipation

  • Nat Turner (cont.)Turners RevoltShaped a new era in American abolitionWhites everywhere blamed abolitionistsNorthern abolitionists asserted hope for peaceful struggleAccorded heroic stature by northern abolitionists

  • VIII. ConclusionThe Second Great Awakening and Reform MovementShaped slaveryGabriel, Vesey, and TurnerEmployed violenceNorthern abolitionistsEmployed newspapers, books, petitions, and speeches Slaves resistance Influenced northern abolitionists

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