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1. Chapter 1 Introduction to Database Management 2. Welcome!Database technology: crucial to the operation and management of modern organizations Major transformation in computing skills Significant time commitment Exciting journey ahead 3. Book Goals First course in database management Practical textbook Fundamentals of relational databases Data modeling and normalization Database application development Database administration and database processing environments Detailed material 4. OutlineDatabase characteristics DBMS features Architectures Organizational roles 5. Initial Vocabulary Data: raw facts about things and events Information: transformed data that has value for decision making Essential to organize data for retrieval and maintenance 6. Database Characteristics Persistent Inter-related Shared 7. University Database 8. Water Utility Database 9. Database Management System (DBMS) Collection of components that support data acquisition, dissemination, storage, maintenance, retrieval, and formatting Enterprise DBMSs Desktop DBMSs Embedded DBMSs Major part of information technology infrastructure 10. Database Definition Define database structure before using a database Tables and relationships SQL CREATE TABLE statement Graphical tools 11. University Database 12. University Database (ERD) 13. Nonprocedural Access Query: request for data to answer a question Indicate what parts of database to retrieve not the procedural details Improve productivity and improve accessibility SQL SELECT statement and graphical tools 14. Graphical Tool for Nonprocedural Access 15. Application Development Form: formatted document for data entry and display Report: formatted document for display Use nonprocedural access to specify data requirements of forms and reports 16. Sample Data Entry Form 17. Sample Report 18. Procedural Language Interface Combine procedural language with nonprocedural access Why Batch processing Customization and automation Performance improvement 19. Transaction Processing Transaction: unit of work that should be reliably processed Control simultaneous users Recover from failures 20. Database Technology Evolution 21. DBMS Marketplace Enterprise DBMS Oracle: dominates in Unix; strong in Windows SQL Server: strong in Windows DB2: strong in mainframe environment Significant open source DBMSs: MySQL, Firebird, PostgreSQL Desktop DBMS Access: dominates FoxPro, Paradox, Approach, FileMaker Pro 22. Data Independence Software maintenance is a large part (50%) of information system budgets Reduce impact of changes by separating database description from applications Change database definition with minimal effect on applications that use the database 23. Three Schema Architecture 24. Differences among Levels External FacultyAssignmentFormView: data required for the form in Slide 16 (Figure 1.9) FacultyWorkLoadReportView: data required for the report in Slide 17 (Figure 1.10)Conceptual: tables in Slide 11 Internal Files needed to store the tables Extra files to improve performance 25. Client-Server Architecture 26. Organizational Roles 27. Database Specialists Database administrator (DBA) More technical DBMS specific skills Data administrator Less technical Planning role 28. Summary Databases and database technology vital to modern organizations Database technology supports daily operations and decision making Nonprocedural access is a crucial feature Many opportunities to work with databases