Cellular Respiration Getting Energy to make ATP!.

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    04-Jan-2016

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  • Cellular RespirationGetting Energy to make ATP!

  • Plant Energy vs. Animal EnergyWhat would we look like if we had chlorophyll in our skin?What if all our energy was from photosynthesis?Luckily, it isnt! Our mitochondria break down materials to give us energy!

  • Cellular RespirationWhere? MITOCHONDRIAWhat? BREAKS DOWN FOOD TO MAKE ATPHow?1) GLYCOLYSIS2) CITRIC ACID CYCLE3) ELECTRON TRANSPORT CHAINWhy? TO GET ENERGY in the form of ATP!!!!

  • O2D2-Hehe-a little Star Wars humorget it? R2D2ANAEROBIC-no oxygen requiredGLYCOLYSIS

    AEROBIC-oxygen requiredCITRIC ACID CYCLEELECTRON TRANSPORT CHAIN

  • GLYCOLYSIS - glycolysisWhere? CytoplasmWhat? A series of chemical reactions that break down glucoseHow? Breaks down glucose into 2 molecules of pyruvic acidWhy? To make pyruvic acid, ATP, and NADH!p. 238

  • This is important.

  • Citric Acid Cycle (Krebs Cycle)Where? MitochondriaWhat? Breaks down acetyl-CoA to form ATP, NADH, FADH2, and CO2Why? Drives ETC to make huge amounts of ATP!!!p. 239

  • ELECTRON TRANSPORT CHAINWhere? Inner membrane of mitochondriaWhat? Energized electrons move from protein to protein to O2How? NADH and FADH2 give up electronsWhy? To make 32 ATP!!!p.240

  • ATP FROM 1 GLUCOSE MOLECULE

  • FERMENTATIONWhen? When cells are short on oxygenWhat? Anaerobic process that follows glycolysis until oxygen is available.How? Lactic Acid Fermentation (muscles) Alcoholic Fermentation (Yeast)Why? To produce ATP when oxygen is low

  • Brewing Industry

  • Bread Makinghttp://www.utahholidayguide.com/christmas/images/photos/baking.jpg

  • Sprinting

  • FERMENTATION(ITS ANAEROBIC!)LACTIC ACIDGlucose

    Pyruvic Acid

    Lactic Acid + 2ATP

    Occurs in bacteria, plants, and animalsResults in muscle fatigue and sorenessALCOHOLICGlucose

    Pyruvic Acid

    Alcohol + 2ATP + CO2Yeast do it

  • A Comparison Chart, p.241

  • Other Products of FermentationSauerkraut (fermented cabbage)Kim chi (Korean fermented cabbage)Yogurt (fermented milk)Soy sauceSour creamButtermilk

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