Black History Month February 2011

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Information shared by the Women\'s & Multicultural Business Resource Groups at American Family Insurance.

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  • 1. Celebrating Black History Month Jesse the son of a sharecropper and grandson ofJesse Owens,Owens, the son of a sharecropper and grandson of a slave, wasa slave, wasas James Cleveland Owens in Alabama in 1913. Jesse, a legendary born born as James Cleveland Owens inAlabama in 1913. Jesse, a legendary American track- American track-and-field athlete, set three world records and tied a fourth,and-field athlete, set three worldminutes on May 25, 1935. In 1936; he became an all in a span of about 45 records and tied afourth,international of about 45 minutes on May 25,all in a span hero during the 11th Olympic Games in Berlin during Hitlers1935. In 1936; he became was just 22 at the time. His four Olympic victories were chancellorship. He an international hero duringthe 11th Olympic Games in Berlin during Hitlers a blow to Adolf Hitlers intention to use the Games to demonstrate Aryan su-chancellorship, he was just 22 at the time. His four periority. One popular tale that arose from Owenss victories was that of theOlympic victories were a blow to Adolf Hitlers snub, the notion that Hitler refused to shake hands with Owens becauseintention to use the Games to demonstrate Aryan he was an African American. He retained his 100M world record for 20superiority. One popular tale that arose from Owenss years and his long jump world record for 25 years. In 1976, Owens receivedvictories was that of the snub, the notion that Hitler the Presidential Medal of Freedom, and in 1990 he was posthumouslyrefused to shake hands with Owens because he was an awarded the Congressional Gold Medal.African American. He retained his 100-m world recordfor 20 years and his long jump world record for 25years. In 1976, Owens received the Presidential Medal of Freedom, and in 1990 he wasposthumously awarded the Congressional Gold Medal. Henry Armstrong was born Henry Melody Jackson on December 12, 1912 in Columbus, Henry Armstrong,was born was Homicide Mississippi. Henrys nickname Henry Melody Jackson on December 12, Hank. He Columbus, Mississippi.boxing career in 1912 in began his professional Henrys nickname was Homicide Hank. He 1931, and soon became known as a strong 1931, and soon became known as began his professional boxing career in and tireless puncher. Armstrong won three world titles: the strong and tirelesswelterweight and the won three world titles: the feath- a featherweight, the puncher. Armstrong lightweight the welterweight andthreelightweight crown. Thus he held three erweight, crown. Thus he held the titles simultaneously; which prompted the NationalNational Boxing Association to titles simultaneously; which prompted the Boxing Association to rule that a championifmust rule that a champion must vacate a title he wins another. In his career, vacate a title won 144 matches, In his career, Armstrong if he wins another. scored 97 knockouts, and lost 19 fights. After Armstrong won 144 matches, scored 97 knockouts, retiring from boxing, Armstrong became an ordained Baptist minister, work- and lost 19 fights. After retiring from boxing, ing with disadvantaged youth. He was inducted into the Ring Boxing Hall of Armstrong became an ordained Baptist minister, workingin 1954 and the International Boxing Hall of Fame in 1990. Fame with disadvantaged youth. He was inducted into the Ring Boxing Hall of Fame in 1954 and the International Boxing Hall of Fame in 1990. Sponsored by the Business Resource Groups

2. Celebrating Black History MonthJackie Robinson was born Jack Roosevelt Robinson on January 31, 1919, in Cairo, Georgia. Break-Jackie Robinson was born Jack Roosevelt Robinson onJanuary 31, 1919, in Cairo, Georgia. Breaking the coloring the color barrier, Jackie Robinson became the first African-American to play in baseballs Majorbarrier, Jackie Robinson became the first African-Leagues in the 20th century. He endured mistreatment from fellow ball players, and baseball fans withAmerican to play in baseballs Major Leagues in the20th century. He endured mistreatment from fellow ballquiet dignity and paved the way for the integration of Americas favorite past time. He played with theplayers, and baseball fans with quiet dignity and pavedBrooklyn Dodgers, earning the honor of Rookie of the Year in 1947, most Valuable Player in 1949 andthe way for the integration of Americas favorite pasttime. He played with the Brooklyn Dodgers earning thewinning the World Series Championship with the Dodgers in 1955. Jackie was the first African-Ameri-honor of Rookie of the Year in 1947; most Valuablecan to be inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame; the first Major League baseball player to be honoredPlayer in 1949 and winning the World SeriesChampionship with the Dodgers in 1955. Jackie was theon a U.S. postage stamp; the first baseball player to have his uniform number (42) across all teams byfirst African-American to be inducted into the Baseballthe Major League; the first UCLA student to earn a varsity letter in all four sports: baseball, basketball,Hall of Fame; was the first Major League baseballplayer to be honored on a U.S. postage stamp; the firstfootball and track; the first African-American baseball player to receive the Congressional Gold Medal;baseball player to have his uniform number (42) acrossall teams by the Major League; the first UCLA studentand the first African-American to serve as Vice President of a major American corporation, Chock Fullto earn a varsity letter in all four sports: baseball, basketball, football and track; the first African-O Nuts.American baseball player to receive the Congressional Gold Medal; and the first African-American to serve as Vice President of a major American corporation, Chock Full O Nuts.Leroy Robert Satchel Paige was born July 7, 1906 in Mobile, Alabama. He was an AmericanLeroy Robert "Satchel" Paige was born July 7, 1906in Mobile, Alabama. He was an American baseballbaseball player whose pitching in the Negro leagues and in Major League Baseball made him a legendplayer whose pitching in the Negro leagues and inMajor League Baseball made him a legend in his ownin his own lifetime. The nickname Satchel originated from childhood work toting bags at the trainlifetime. The nickname Satchel originated fromchildhood work toting bags at the train station. Hisstation. His career highlights span five decades. Pronounced the greatest pitcher in the history of thecareer highlights span five decades. Pronounced theNegro Leagues, he was elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1971, the first player to be inductedgreatest pitcher in the history of the Negro Leagues, hewas elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1971, thefrom the Negro leagues. Joe DiMaggio called Satchel Paige the best and fastest pitcher Ive everfirst player to be inducted from the Negro leagues. JoeDiMaggio called Satchel Paige "the best and fastestfaced. His pitching was amazing and his showboating was legendary. Paige mauled the competition inpitcher Ive ever faced. His pitching was amazing andfront of sellout crowds. Sure, he liked the attention, but to him, there was only one goal-- to pitch in thehis showboating was legendary. Paige mauled thecompetition in front of sellout crowds. Sure, he likedMajor Leagues.the attention, but to him, there was only one goal-- topitch in the Major Leagues.Kirby Puckett was born on March 14, 1960 in Chicagos South Side. He made his Major Kirby Puckett was born on March 14, 1960 in Chicagos SouthLeague debut on May 8, 1984. Kirby led the Minnesota Twins to two World Series in 1987 and Side. He made his Major League debut on May 8, 1984. Kirby led the Minnesota Twins to two World Series in 1987 and 1991,1991, won six Gold Gloves, was selected as an All-Star ten times, and was inducted into the won six Gold Gloves, selected as an All-Star ten times, and was inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame in 2001. He earned aBaseball Hall of Fame in 2001. He earned a reputation whose charitable endeavors, particular- reputation whose charitable endeavors, particularly in helpingly in helping children, earned him many national honors including baseballs Roberto Clemente children, earned him many national honors including baseballs Roberto Clemente Man of the Year Award in 1996. Kirby wasMan of the Year Award in 1996. Kirby was forced to retire at age 35 after being diagnosed with forced to retire at age 35 after being diagnosed with Glaucoma. The street in front of the Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome isGlaucoma. The street in front of the Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome is named after him. named after him.Sponsored by the Business Resource Groups 3. Celebrating Black History Month Vernon Baker, a military hero, was awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor for his actions on April 5-6, 1945, when he and his platoon killed 26 enemy soldiers and destroyed six machine gun nests, two observer posts and four dugouts Vernon Baker, a military hero, was awarded the Congressional Medal of near Viareggio, Italy. He was one of seven Medal of Honor recipients who became the first Black soldiers to Honorthe award on January 13, 1997. 5-6, 1945, when he and his platoon killed 26 receive for his actions on April enemy soldiers and destroyed six machine gun nests, two observer posts and four dugouts near Viareggio, Italy. He was one of seven Medal of Honor recipients who became the first Black soldiers to receive the award on January 13, 1997. Martin Luther King, Jr. (January 15, 1929 April 4, 1968) was an American Martin Luther King, Jr. (January 15, 1929 April 4, 1968) was an clergyman, activist, and prominent leader in the African American civil rights American clergyman, activist, and prominent leader in the African American movement. He is best known for being an iconic figure in the advancement He is best known for being an iconic figure in the civil rights movement. of civil rights in the United States and advancement of civil rights in the United States and around the world, using around the world, using nonviolent methods following the teachingsfollowing the teachings of Mahatma Gandhi. King is nonviolent methods of Mahatma Gandhi. King is often often presented as a heroic leader in the history of modern American presented as a heroic leader in the history of modern AmericanKing was King was liberalism. liberalism. assassinated on April 4, 1968, in Memphis, Tennessee. assassinated on April 4, 1968, in awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1977 He was posthumously Memphis, Tennessee. He was posthumously awarded the Presidential Medal in 2004; Martin Luther King, Jr. Day was and the Congressional Gold Medalestablished 1977 and federal holiday in 1986.of Freedom in as a U.S. Congressional Gold Medal in 2004; Martin Luther King, Jr. Day was established as a U.S. federal holiday in 1986.Sponsored by the Business Resource Groups 4. Celebrating Black History Month Rosa Louise McCauley Parks (February 4, 1913 October 24, 2005) was anRosa Louise McCauley Parks (February 4, 1913 October 24, 2005) African American civil rights activist,was whom the U.S. Congress later called "the whom the U.S. Congress lateran African American civil rights activist,called the first lady of civil rights and the mother of the freedom move- first lady of civil rights", and "the motherment.the freedom the folkloricContrary to the civil rights role, Mrs. Parks of Contrary to movement. accounts of herwas folklorictired to move. Rather,rights role,not too accounts of her civil she had been a knowledgeable NAACP Mrs. Parks was not too tired to move.stalwart for many years and gave the organization the incident it needed to Rather, she had been a knowledgeablemove againststalwart for many years and gave NAACP segregation in the unreconstructed heart of the Confederacy,Montgomery, AL. the incident it needed to the organization move against segregation in the unreconstructed heart of the Confederacy, Montgomery, AL.George Washington Carver was born in 1864 near Diamond Grove,Missouri. As an agricultural chemist, Carver discovered three hundred usesfor peanuts and hundreds more uses for soybeans, pecans and sweet pota-George Washington Carver was born items that he suggested to southern farmers to helptoes. Among the listed in1864 near Diamond Grove, Missouri. As his recipes and improvements to/for: adhesives,them economically werean agricultural chemist, Carverdiscovered three hundred bleach, buttermilk, chili sauce, fuel briquettes, ink, instantaxle grease, uses for peanutscoffee, linoleum, mayonnaise, meat tenderizer, metal polish, paper, plastic,and hundreds more uses for soybeans,pecans and sweet potatoes. Among thepavement, shaving cream, shoe polish, synthetic rubber, talcum powderlisted items that he suggested to southernfarmers to help them economically were did not patent or profit from most of his products.and wood stain. Carverhis recipes and improvements to/for:He freely gave his discoveries to mankind. Most important was the factadhesives, axle grease, bleach, buttermilk,chili sauce, fuel briquettes, ink, the South from being a one-crop land of cotton, to beingthat he changed instantcoffee, linoleum, mayonnaise, meattenderizer, metal polish, paper, plastic, with farmers having hundreds of profitable uses formulti-crop farmlands,pavement, shaving cream, shoe polish,their new crops. God gave them to me, he would say about his ideas and,synthetic rubber, talcum powder andwood stain. Carver did Inot patent or profitHow can sell them to someone else? In 1940, Carver donated his lifefrom most of his products. He freely gavesavings to the establishment of the Carver Research Foundation at Tuske-his discoveries to mankind. Mostgee, for continuing research in agriculture.important was the fact that he changed the South from being a one-crop land of cotton, to beingmulti-crop farmlands, with farmers having hundreds of profitable uses for their new crops. "Godgave them to me" he would say about his ideas, "How can I sell them to someone else?" In 1940,Carver donated his life savings to the establishment of the Carver Research Foundation atTuskegee, for continuing research in agriculture. Sponsored by the Business Resource Groups 5. Celebrating Black History MonthLouis Armstrong was born August 4, 1901, NewOrleans,Louis Armstrong 1971, New York.Louisiana, died July 6, was born August 4, 1901 in New Orleans, Louisiana, andHe was a leading trumpeter and one of the mostinfluential artists in jazz 1971 in New York. He was a leading trumpeter and one of the died July 6, history. Louie waspossiblymost influential artists all time, butthe greatest jazz musician of in jazz history. Louie was possibly the greatest jazzcertainly the most influential of them all. Fellowmusicians called himof all time, but certainly the most influential of them all. musician stachelmouth because ofhis huge, wide grin. Later, it was shortened to Fellow musicians called him stachelmouth because of his huge, wideSachmo. Hello, Dolly and What aWonderful World were among shortened to Sachmo. Hello, Dolly and What a grin. Later, it was his most famouspieces. Armstrong toured the world as an Wonderful World were among his most famous pieces. Armstrong touredunofficial goodwill ambassador for America. the world as an unofficial goodwill ambassador for America. Chuck Berry, whose full name is Charles Edward Anderson Berry, is a guitarist and vocalist in the genres of blues and rock and roll. He fused blues with hillbilly and stamped Chuck Berry, whose full it with his unique playing style and stage name is Charles Edward Anderson Berry, is a presence.guitarist and vocalist in the genres of blues and rock and roll. He fusedSome of his famous songs are "My Ding-A-Ling," "Maybellene," "School Day," blues with hillbilly and stamped it with his unique playing style and stage "Sweet Little Sixteen," "Rock & Roll Music," "Carol," "Johnny B. Goode," "Roll Over famous songs are My Ding-A-Ling, Maybellene, presence. Some of his Beethoven," "Back in the USA," "Too Much Monkey Business," "No Particular Place To Sixteen, Rock & Roll Music, Carol, Johnny School Day, Sweet Little Go," "No Money Down," "Thirty Days," B. Goode, Roll Over Beethoven, Back in the USA, Too Much Monkey "Almost Grown," "Brown Eyed Handsome Man" andBusiness, No Particular Place To Go, No Money Down, Thirty Days, ""Wee Wee Hours. Almost Grown, Brown Eyed Handsome Man and Wee Wee Hours.Sponsored by the Business Resource Groups 6. Celebrating Black History Month Nathaniel Adams Coles (March 17, 1919 February 15, 1965), known professionally as Nat King Cole, was an American musician who first came to prominence as a leading jazz pianist. Although an Adams Colespianist, he 1919 February 15, 1965), knownNathaniel accomplished (March 17, owes most of hisas Nat King Cole, wasto American musician who first cameprofessionally popular musical fame an his soft baritone voice, which he used to Although an accomplished pia-to prominence as a leading jazz pianist. perform in big band and his popular musical fame to his soft baritone voice,nist, he owes most of jazz genres. He was one of the first black Americans to host a television variety show, and has and jazz genres. He was one of thewhich he used to perform in big bandfirst black Americans to host a television variety show, and has maintained maintained worldwide popularity since his death. popularity since his death.worldwide Antoine Dominique "Fats" Domino Jr. (born Antoine Dominique Fats Domino Jr. (born February 26, 1928) is an February 26, 1928) is an American R&B and rock and rollR&B and rock and roll pianist and singer-songwriter. He was American pianist and singer-songwriter. He was born and raised in New Orleans, born and raised in New Orleans, Louisiana. Domino first attracted national Louisiana. Domino first attracted national attention with "The Fat Fat Man in 1949 on Imperial Records. This song is an attention with The Man" in 1949 on Imperial Records. roll record, an early rock rolling piano and Domino doing wah- early rock and This song is featuring a and rollvocalizing over a rolling piano and wah record, featuring a strong back beat. It sold over a million copies and is Domino doing "wah-wah" vocalizing over a strong back beat. It soldthe first rock copies record to do so. widely regarded as over a million and roll and is widely regarded as the first rock and roll record to do so.Sponsored by the Business Resource Groups

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