2014 FIFA World Cup - Encyclopedia

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Guide and information about 2014 2014 FIFA World Cup.

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  • 2010 2018

    Copa do Mundo da FIFABrasil 2014[nb 1]

    2014 FIFA World Cup logo

    Tournament details

    Host country Brazil

    Dates 12 June 13 July

    Teams 32 (from 5 confederations)

    Venue(s) 12 (in 12 host cities)

    2014 FIFA World Cup

    Country qualified for the World Cup

    Country failed to qualify

    Country did not enter

    Country not a FIFA member

    Qualification

    Main article: 2014 FIFA World Cup qualification

    The allocation of places for the final tournament was decided on 3 March 2011, with the distributionof the 31 places determined through the qualification process unchanged from that of the previoustournament.[13] The qualification draw for the 2014 World Cup was held at the Marina da Glria inRio de Janeiro on 30 July 2011.[14][15] As the host nation, Brazil automatically qualified for thetournament.

    203 of the 208 FIFA national teams at the time participated in the qualification stages, which began on15 June 2011 and concluded on 20 November 2013. 24 of the 32 eventual qualifiers were present atthe previous tournament, with the only debutant being Bosnia and Herzegovina, which qualified forthe first time as an independent nation.[16] The highest-ranked absentee in the FIFA World Rankingsat the time of the draw for the tournament was Ukraine,[17] while the OFC region will have norepresentation at a World Cup Finals for the first time since 2002.

    Qualified teams

    The following 32 teams, shown with October 2013 rankings used for seeding in the draw,[18] qualifiedfor the final tournament.

    AFC (4)

    Australia (57) Iran (49) Japan (44) South Korea (56)

    CAF (5)

    Algeria (32) Cameroon (59) Ghana (23) Ivory Coast (17) Nigeria (33)

    OFC (0)

    None qualified

    CONCACAF (4)

    Costa Rica (31) Honduras (34) Mexico (24) United States (13)

    CONMEBOL (6)

    Argentina (3) Brazil (11) (hosts) Chile (12) Colombia (4) Ecuador (22) Uruguay (6)

    UEFA (13)

    Belgium (5) Bosnia and

    Herzegovina (16) Croatia (18) England (10) France (21) Germany (2) Greece (15) Italy (9) Netherlands (8) Portugal (14) Russia (19) Spain (1)

    Switzerland (7)

    Prize money

    Each participating team will receive at least US$8 million. The World Champions will receive $35 million, while the runners-up will receive $25million. Teams that lose in the round of 16 will receive $9 million, and the quarter-finalists receive $14 million. The clubs in which the players areplaying for at the time of their World Cup departure will receive $70 million as a compensation for insurance costs and expenses, which will bedistributed through their national associations. Overall, FIFA will allocate $576 million, a new record, and an increase from the $420 million allocated inSouth Africa.[19]

    Venues

    Dilma Rousseff (2nd from the right)and Pel (center) following the worksin Belo Horizonte

  • Eighteen locations were presented as potential World Cup host cities: Belm, Belo Horizonte, Braslia, Campo Grande, Cuiab, Curitiba, Florianpolis,Fortaleza, Goinia, Macei, Manaus, Natal, Porto Alegre, Recife, Rio Branco, Rio de Janeiro, Salvador and So Paulo.[20]

    FIFA proposes that no more than one city may use two stadiums, and the number of host cities is limited between eight and ten. The proposal of RicardoTeixeira, the then-Head of the Brazilian Football Confederation, to use twelve host cities in "the interest of the whole country" was however accepted byFIFA in December 2008.[21]

    The twelve host cities were announced on 31 May 2009, with Belm, Campo Grande, Florianpolis, Goinia and Rio Branco being rejected;[22] Maceihad already withdrawn in January 2009. The twelve selections each the capital of its state cover all the main regions of Brazil and create moreevenly distributed hosting than the 1950 finals in Brazil provided, when matches were concentrated in the south-east and south.[23] As a result thetournament will require significant long-distance travel for teams.[24]

    A reported US$3.47 billion has been spent on stadium projects.[25] Five of the chosen host cities have brand new venues built specifically for the WorldCup, while the Estdio Nacional Man Garrincha in the capital Brasilia was demolished and rebuilt, and the remaining six are being extensivelyrenovated.[26] The Estdio do Maracan in Rio de Janeiro, which already holds the record attendance for a FIFA World Cup Finals match (199,854), isthe largest of the stadiums and will stage the final. The CBF originally intended to host the opening match at So Paulo's Estdio do Morumbi but it wasdropped in 2010 and replaced by the Arena Corinthians after failing to provide financial guarantees for the required improvements.[27]

    The first new stadium, the Castelo, in Fortaleza, became operational in January 2013.[28] According to Joe Leahy of the Financial Times, the works inthe Castelo, "could set a precedent for other sporting public works", since the project "came in within budget and cheaper per seat" than the Maracanstadium in Rio.[29][30] Six of the venues were used during the 2013 Confederations Cup.[31] Six further stadiums are however forecast to miss FIFA'soriginal 31 December 2013 deadline for completed works.[32] The completion of the new Arena Corinthians has been hindered by a fatal crane collapsein November 2013 that destroyed part of the stadium and killed two construction workers.[33]

    On 22 January 2014, FIFA general secretary Jerome Valcke visited the Arena da Baixada site in Curitiba and stated that the city may be dropped as aWorld Cup host city if sufficient progress in the renovation of the arena was not shown by 18 February.[34] On 18 February, FIFA confirmed thatCuritiba would remain as a World Cup host, despite delays in construction of the stadium.[35]

    On 9 March 2014, the Arena da Amaznia, in Manaus, became the ninth World Cup stadium to host a football match, with Remo and Nacional comingto a 2-2 draw.[36] Arena das Dunas, in Natal, and Estdio Beira-Rio, in Porto Alegre also hosted soccer matches already, and are ready for the WorldCup.[37][38]

  • Rio de Janeiro, RJ Braslia, DF So Paulo, SP Fortaleza, CE

    Estdio do Maracan Estdio Nacional Man Garrincha[39] Arena Corinthians Estdio Castelo

    225443.8S 431348.59W 15470.6S 475356.99W 233243.91S 462824.14W 34826.16S 383120.93W

    Capacity: 76,935[40]

    (renovated)

    Capacity: 70,042[41]

    (new stadium)

    Capacity: 68,034(new stadium)[42][43]

    Capacity: 64,846[44]

    (renovated)

    Belo Horizonte, MG Porto Alegre, RS

    Estdio Mineiro Estdio Beira-Rio

    195157S 435815W 30356.21S 51149.91W

    Capacity: 62,547

    (renovated)Capacity: 51,300[45]

    (renovated)[46]

    Salvador, BA Recife, PE

    Arena Fonte Nova Arena Pernambuco

    125843S 383015W 8224S 35029W

    Capacity: 56,000[47]

    (new stadium)

    Capacity: 46,154

    (new stadium)

    Cuiab, MT Manaus, AM Natal, RN Curitiba, PR

    Arena Pantanal Arena da Amaznia Arena das Dunas Arena da Baixada

    153611S 56714W 3459S 60141W 54944.18S 351249.91W 252654S 491637W

    Capacity: 42,968(new stadium)

    Capacity: 42,374(new stadium)

    Capacity: 42,086(new stadium)

    Capacity: 43,981[48]

    (renovated)

    Construction progress: 96%[49]

    Final draw

  • 12 June 201417:00

    Brazil Match 1 Croatia Arena de So Paulo, So Paulo

    See also: 2014 FIFA World Cup seeding

    The 32 participating teams were to be drawn into the eight groups of the group stage. In preparation for this, the teams were organised into four potswith the seven highest-ranked teams joining host nation Brazil in the seeded pot.[50] As with the previous tournaments, FIFA aimed to create groupswhich maximised geographic separation and therefore the unseeded teams were arranged into pots based on geographic considerations.[51][52]

    Pot 1 (seeds) Pot 2 (Africa & South America) Pot 3 (Asia & North America) Pot 4 (Europe)

    Brazil (hosts) Argentina Colombia Uruguay Belgium Germany Spain

    Switzerland

    Algeria Cameroon Ivory Coast Ghana Nigeria Chile Ecuador

    Australia Japan Iran South Korea Costa Rica Honduras Mexico United States

    Bosnia and Herzegovina Croatia England France Greece Italy (drawn into Pot 2) Netherlands Portugal Russia

    Squads

    Main article: 2014 FIFA World Cup squads

    As with the 2010 tournament, each team's squad for the 2014 FIFA World Cup will consist of 23 players (three of whom must be goalkeepers). Eachparticipating national association has to confirm their final 23-player squad no later than 10 days before the start of the tournament.

    Teams are permitted to make late replacements in the event of serious injury, at any time up to 24 hours before their first game.[61]

    Group stage

    The first round, or group stage, will see the thirty-two teams divided into eight groups of four teams. Each group will compete in a round-robin of sixgames, where each team will play one match against each of the other teams in the same group. Teams will be awarded three points for a win, one pointfor a draw and none for a defeat. The teams finishing first and second in each group will progress to the Round of 16.[61]

    The match schedule was announced at FIFA's headquarters in Zrich on 20 October 2011,[62] with the kick-off times being confirmed on 27 September2012.[63] After the final draw, the kick-off times of seven matches were adjusted by FIFA.[64]

    All times listed below are in Braslia official time (UTC3). This is the time zone of ten of the twelve venues; the other two, Cuiab and Manaus, are inthe Amazon time zone (UTC4), therefore for matches hosted at these two venues the local kickoff times are one hour earlier than the times listedbelow.[65]

    Tie-breaking criteria

    The ranking of each team in each group will be determined as follows:

    Greater number of points in all group matchesGoal difference in all group matchesGreater number of goals scored in all group matchesGreatest number of points in matches between tied teamsGoal difference in matches between tied teamsGreatest number of goals scored in matches between tied teamsDrawing of lots by the FIFA Organising Committee

    Group A

    Brazil

    Croatia

    Mexico

    Cameroon

    Group B

    Team

  • Spain

    Netherlands

    Chile

    Australia

    Group C

    Colombia

    Greece

    Ivory Coast

    Japan

    Group D

    Uruguay

    Costa Rica

    England

    Italy

    Group E

    Switzerland

    Ecuador

    France

    Honduras

    Group F

    Argentina

    Bosnia and Herzegovina

    Iran

    Nigeria

    Group G

    Germany

    Portugal

    Ghana

    United States

    Group H

    Belgium

    Algeria

    Russia

    South Korea

    Knockout stage

    The knockout stage will involve the sixteen teams that advanced from the group stage of the tournament. There will be four rounds of matches, witheach round eliminating half of the teams entering that round. The successive rounds are the round of 16, quarter-finals, semi-finals, and the final. There

    Team

    Team

    Team

    Team

    Team

    Team

    Team

  • will also be a play-off to decide third and fourth place. For each game in the knockout stage, any draw at 90 minutes will be followed by thirty minutesof extra time (two periods of 15 minutes each); if scores are still level, there will be a penalty shootout to determine who will progress to the nextround[61]

    Marketing

    Logo

    The official logo of the competition is entitled "Inspiration", and was created by Brazilian agency Africa.[66] The design is based around a photograph ofthree victorious hands together raising the World Cup trophy and its yellow and green colouring is meant to represent Brazil warmly welcoming theworld to their country. It was unveiled at a ceremony held during the 2010 World Cup in Johannesburg.[66] The design was selected from thesubmissions of 25 Brazilian-based agencies invited to submit designs.[67] Brazilian graphic designer Alexandre Wollner has criticised the design,suggesting that it resembles a facepalm, as well as the process through which it was chosen, which had a jury that excluded professional graphicdesigners.[68]

    FIFA also commissioned an official poster that was unveiled in January 2013 and designed by the Brazilian creative agency Crama.[69] The officialslogan is "All in One Rhythm" (Portuguese: "Juntos num s ritmo").[70]

    Official song

    Main article: FIFA World Cup official songs

    An official song has been created for every World Cup finals since 1962. On 24 January 2014, FIFA and Sony Music announced that the official songfor the tournament will be "We Are One (Ole Ola)" by Pitbull, Jennifer Lopez and Claudia Leitte.[71] Sony also launched a global music contest entitled 'SuperSong' to select a song for the competition's official album, One Love, One Rhythm.[72] The contest allows any person to submit a songvia a website, with the winning entrant chosen in February 2014 to be professionally recorded by the singer Ricky Martin.[72] On 10 February 2014,American Elijah King was chosen with the song "Vida" ("Life", in English).[73] A customized version of the song "Dare (La La La)" by Shakira, whoprovided the official song of the 2010 tournament, will be used as a secondary theme song.[74] By the end of March, FIFA announced that the song "Darum Jeito (We Will Find a Way)", written by Avicii, Carlos Santana, Wyclef Jean and Alexandre Pires, was selected as the official anthem of the 2014FIFA World Cup.[75]

    Mascot

    Main article: Fuleco

    The tatu-bola, an armadillo that defends itself from predators by rolling up into a ball, was chosen as the official mascot by FIFA at a ceremonyorganised by the local organising committee in September 2012.[76] It was selected from 47 designs created by six Brazilian agencies after marketresearch showed its appeal to the primary target audience of Brazilian children aged 512.[77]

    The then-unnamed mascot was first unveiled to the public during a segment of the Brazilian news show Fantstico.[78] An online public vote was usedto determine the name in which three potential names were offered,[79] with the winning name being announced on 25 November 2012:[80] 1.7 millionpeople (about 48 per cent) voted for Fuleco, ahead of Zuzeco (31 per cent) and Amijubi (21 per cent).[81]

    "Fuleco" is a portmanteau of the words "Futebol" ("Football") and "Ecologia" ("Ecology") (in addition, nicknames ending with -eco are popular inBrazil). The two unsuccessful names were Amijubi ("Amizade" ("Friendship") and "Jbilo" ("Joy")) and Zuzeco ("Azul" ("blue") and "Ecologia").[80]

    Match ball

  • Main article: Adidas Brazuca

    The official ball of the 2014 World Cup will be the Adidas Brazuca.[82] The name was selected by a public vote that received responses from more than1 million Brazilian football fans; "Brazuca" received over 70 per cent of the vote.[83] Adidas, the official FIFA World Cup match ball supplier since1970, took inspiration from elements of Brazilian culture to come up with a shortlist of three possible names for the ball that also included Bossa Novaand Carnavalesca.[83]

    Caxirola

    Main article: Caxirola

    The tournament has recognised an official instrument: the caxirola, a percussive instrument created by Brazilian musician Carlinhos Brown. They aredesigned to create a softer sound than the African vuvuzela horn that featured prominently during the 2010 World Cup. However, due to safety concerns,FIFA later announced that caxirolas will not be permitted inside the stadiums.[84][85]

    Video game

    Main article: 2014 FIFA World Cup Brazil (video game)

    As with the 2010 tournament, EA Sports published the official video game of the competition, entitled 2014 FIFA World Cup Brazil.[86] It was releasedon PlayStation 3 and Xbox 360 in various markets in April 2014.[87] The game contains all of the 203 national teams that took part in the 2014 FIFAWorld Cup qualification process and includes all 12 venues used at the World Cup tournment.[88] The game received mixed reviews from critics onrelease from commercial websites.[89]

    The nation's total cost to host the FIFA World Cup compared to past tournaments:[106][107][108][109]

    Host General cost

    BRA (2014) US$14 billion (1st)

    GER (2006) $6 billion (2nd)

    KOR/ JPN (2002) $5 billion (3rd)

    SAF (2010) $4 billion (4th)

    FRA (1998) $340 million (5th)

    USA (1994) $30 million (6th)