20 TEACHERS GUIDE Superheroes Save the Day ? LESSON 20 TEACHERS GUIDE Superheroes Save the Day

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    L E S S O N 2 0 T E A C H E R S G U I D E

    Superheroes Save the Dayby Sienna Jagadorn

    Fountas-Pinnell Level JFantasySelection SummaryWhen Mekea, Raj, and Diana wake up one morning, they fi nd they each have a super power. The three friends spend the day being superheroes and helping people. Though their superpowers disappear at the end of the day, they realize that with or without super powers, they can still help people.

    Copyright by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company

    All rights reserved. No part of this work may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying or recording, or by any information storage or retrieval system, without the prior written permission of the copyright owner unless such copying is expressly permitted by federal copyright law. Permission is hereby granted to individual teachers using the corresponding (discipline) Leveled Readers to photocopy student worksheets from this publication in classroom quantities for instructional use and not for resale. Requests for information on other matters regarding duplication of this work should be addressed to Houghton Miffl in Harcourt Publishing Company, Attn: Contracts, Copyrights, and Licensing, 9400 SouthPark Center Loop, Orlando, Florida 32819. Printed in the U.S.A. 978-0-547-30439-7 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 0940 15 14 13 12 11 10 09

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    Characteristics of the Text Genre Fantasy

    Text Structure Easy-to-follow episodic plot Third-person narrative

    Content Super powers and superheroes Rescues

    Themes and Ideas Helping people, with or without super powers Working together to solve problems

    Language and Literary Features

    Fantasy: Characters have impossible super powers Conversational language Story told from several points of view

    Sentence Complexity A mix of short and longer, more complex sentences Ellipses

    Vocabulary Some words relating to fantasy that may be unfamiliar to English language learners: super power, x-ray vision, superhero, superheroes

    Target vocabulary words highlighted in textWords Mostly one- and two-syllable words, with some multisyllabic words that may be

    unfamiliar to English language learners: favorite, another, depended, overlooked, superheroes, tomorrow

    Illustrations Illustrations support the text.Book and Print Features Thirteen pages of text; illustrations on every page

    Some sentences starting in middle of line, carrying over two lines. Labels on illustrations that clarify text

    2006. Fountas, I.C. & Pinnell, G.S. Teaching for Comprehending and Fluency, Heinemann, Portsmouth, N.H.

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  • Target Vocabulary

    depended needed help, p. 13exercise physical activity that

    helps you become strong and healthy, p. 11

    gazing looking at something for a long time, p. 7

    hero someone who is admired for doing something brave or good, p. 8

    overlooked didnt notice something, p. 13

    sore painful or tender, p. 11

    springs moves upwards or forwards suddenly, p. 4

    studied spent time observing carefully, p. 9

    Superheroes Save the Day by Sienna JagadornBuild BackgroundBuild interest in this story by asking questions such as the following: What is a super power? What super power would you like to have? Read the title and author and talk about the cover illustration. Point out that the story is fantasy, so things that happen couldnt happen in real life.

    Front-Load Vocabulary Some everyday words may be unfamiliar to English learners. Before reading, check understanding of the following words: alarm clock, stretched, power, sneakers, closet, exercise, puppy, strange, van.

    Introduce the TextGuide children through the text, noting important ideas, and helping with unfamiliar language and vocabulary so they can read the text successfully. Call their attention to any important labels. Here are some suggestions:

    Page 2: Explain that this is a story about three friends, Mekea, Raj, and Diana, who have known each other a long time. Draw attention to the illustration and the labels that identify the three children.Suggested language: Lets read the last two sentences: They knew everything about one another. Then something strange happened. What do you think happened to the children?

    Pages 45: Draw attention to the illustrations on these pages. Each of the friends wakes up and discovers that she or he has a super power. What kinds of super powers can you predict the children have by looking at these pictures?

    Page 7: The labels on the picture show a kite in a tree. Why do you think the boy in the picture is gazing sadly at the kite? Is he looking at it because he cant reach it?

    Page 8: Draw attention to the illustration and the labels. Why do you think the boy called Mekea a hero? What did she do that made her so special?

    Now turn back to the beginning of the story and read to fi nd out what happens to the three superheroes.

    2 Lesson 20: Superheroes Save the DayGrade 2 Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company

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  • ReadAs the children read, observe them carefully. Guide them as needed, using language that supports their problem-solving ability.

    Remind children to use the Monitor/Clarify Strategy to fi nd ways to fi gure out what doesnt make sense.

    Discuss and Revisit the TextPersonal ResponseInvite children to share their personal responses to the story.Suggested language: How do you think the friends felt, waking up with super powers? How do you think they felt when they lost them?

    Ways of ThinkingAs you discuss the text, help children understand these points:

    Thinking Within the Text Thinking Beyond the Text Thinking About the Text

    Mekea, Raj, and Diana each wake up one morning with a super power.

    They use their super powers all day to help people

    At the end of the day, they lose their super powers, at least temporarily.

    You can help people, with or without super powers.

    By working together, you can solve problems.

    The language sounds realistic, even though the characters have super powers.

    Uncertainty is shown with ellipses.

    2006. Fountas, I.C. & Pinnell, G.S. Teaching for Comprehending and Fluency, Heinemann, Portsmouth, N.H.

    Choices for Further Support Fluency Invite children to choose a passage from the text to read aloud. Remind them

    to pay attention to phrasing so that the meaning is clear and the characters sound natural.

    Comprehension Based on your observations of the childrens reading and discussion, revisit parts of the text to clarify or extend comprehension. Remind children to go back to the text to support their ideas.

    Phonics/Word Work Provide practice as needed with words and word parts, using examples from the text. Guide children to read and write words that have double vowel patterns, as in reach and street, as well as words with y as a vowel: play, my, toy, and heavy.

    3 Lesson 20: Superheroes Save the DayGrade 2 Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company

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  • Writing about ReadingCritical ThinkingHave children complete the Critical Thinking questions on BLM 20.10.

    RespondingHave children complete the activities at the back of the book. Use the instruction below as needed to reinforce or extend understanding of the comprehension skill.

    Target Comprehension SkillCompare and Contrast

    Target Comprehension Skill Remind children that when they compare and

    contrast they tell how two things are alike or not. Model the skill, using this Think Aloud:

    Think Aloud

    Raj and Diana are alike in some ways. They both discover they have super powers. They both use their super powers to help other people. But they are different, too. Rajs super power is great strength, while Dianas super power is x-ray vision.

    Practice the SkillHave children compare and contrast two characters from another story to understand how they are alike and how they are different.

    Writing Prompt: Thinking Beyond the TextHave children write a response to the prompt on page 6. Remind them that when they think beyond the text, they use what they know and their own experience to think about what happens in the story.

    Assessment Prompts What did the three friends learn about super powers?

    On page 13, what does the word depended mean?

    4 Lesson 20: Superheroes Save the DayGrade 2 Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company

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  • Read directions to children.

    Think About ItRead and answer the questions.

    1. What is a superhero?

    Possible response: A superhero is someone uses a special

    power to help other people.

    2. How do you know that this story is a fantasy?

    People do not have super powers in real life.

    3. Pretend that you could meet one of the characters in the story. What would you ask that character?

    Possible response: I would ask Raj what it feels like to lift

    up a car.

    Making Connections If you became a superhero, what power would you have? Why? Draw a picture that shows you using your power.

    Draw your answer in your Readers Notebook.

    Grade 2, Unit 4: Heroes and Helpers

    Name Date

    12

    Lesson 20B L A C K L I N E M A S T E R 2 0 . 1 0

    Superheroes Save the Day

    Think About It

    Think About It Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

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    First Pass

    English Language DevelopmentReading Support Check regularly on childrens oral reading to determine accuracy, fl uency, and comprehension. Or have children use the audio or online recordings.

    Vocabulary Explain that the word superhero is a compound word, made up of two parts: super, meaning greater or outstanding, and hero, meaning a person who does something very brave or special.

    Oral Language DevelopmentCheck childrens comprehension, using a dialogue that best matches their English profi ciency. Speaker 1 is the teacher, Speaker 2 is the child.

    Beginning/Early Intermediate Intermediate Early Advanced/ Advanced

    Speaker 1: What can Mekea stretch?

    Speaker 2: her arm

    Speaker 1: What did Raj lose under his bed?

    Speaker 2: a sneaker

    Speaker 1: What kind of vision does Diana have?

    Speaker 2: x-ray vision

    Speaker 1: How do Mekea, Raj, and Diana know each other?

    Speaker 2: They live on the same street and play together.

    Speaker 1: Where is the little boys kite stuck?

    Speaker 2: The kite is in a tree.

    Speaker 1: What super powers do the three friends have?

    Speaker 2: Mekea can stretch her arm, Raj can lift heavy things, and Diana has x-ray vision.

    Speaker 1: What do the three superheroes discover at the end of the day?

    Speaker 2: They have lost their super powers.

    5 Lesson 20: Superheroes Save the DayGrade 2 Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company

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  • Name Date

    Superheroes Save the DayThinking Beyond the Text

    Write a paragraph answering the following question:

    How do you think the three friends felt when they lost their super powers at the end of the day? Use details from the story to support your answer.

    6 Lesson 20: Superheroes Save the DayGrade 2 Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company

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  • Name Date Lesson 20

    B L A C K L I N E M A S T E R 2 0 . 1 0

    Superheroes Save the Day

    Think About It

    7 Lesson 20: Superheroes Save the DayGrade 2 Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company

    Think About ItRead and answer the questions.

    1. What is a superhero?

    2. How do you know that this story is a fantasy?

    3. Pretend that you could meet one of the characters in the story. What would you ask that character?

    Making Connections If you became a superhero, what power would you have? Why? Draw a picture that shows you using your power.

    Draw your answer in your Readers Notebook.

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  • 1413806

    Student Date Lesson 20

    B L A C K L I N E M A S T E R 2 0 . 1 4

    Superheroes Save the Day LEVEL J Running Record Form

    Superheroes Save the Day

    Behavior Code Error

    Read word correctly cat 0

    Repeated word, sentence, or phrase

    cat

    0

    Omission cat 1

    Behavior Code Error

    Substitution cutcat 1

    Self-corrects cut sccat 0

    Insertion the

    cat1

    Word told Tcat 1

    page Selection Text Errors Self-Corrections

    2

    3

    4

    Mekea, Raj, and Diana lived on the same

    street. The children played together. They

    were good friends. They knew everything

    about one another. Then something strange

    happened.

    One morning, Mekeas alarm clock rang.

    She stretched out her arm to turn it off. Mekea

    stretched . . . and stretched . . . and stretched!

    Her alarm clock was across the room, but she

    stretched her arm far enough to reach it.

    I have a super power! thought Mekea.

    The same morning, Raj woke up. He

    looked for his sneakers.

    Comments: Accuracy Rate (# words read

    correctly/89 100)

    %

    Self-Correction Rate

    (# errors + # Self-Corrections/ Self-Corrections)

    1:

    8 Lesson 20: Superheroes Save the DayGrade 2 Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company

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