What are we trying to do when we are writing descriptively?
WHAT DO WORDS DO?
Noun A person, place, thing, or idea
Nouns The Theater Mr. K Huge Grass
Pronoun A pronoun takes the place of a noun or another pronoun.
Pronouns Writing It She They
Adjective A word that Describes a noun
Adjectives Bright Teacher Soft quick
Verb A word used to indicate action or a state of being. 3 types of verbs: Action Verbs Linking Verbs Helping Verbs
Verbs Scream Laugh Loudly sit
Adverb A word that describes a verb.
Adverbs spoke Slowly Awkwardly sadly
What kind of words are most important in descriptive writing?
Verbs!! Powerful verbs!
Lightning fired his fiercest bolt straight at Shreks head. Shrek just gobbled it, belched some smoke, and grinned.
John Henry sang and he hammered and the air danced. The rainbow shimmered and Earth shook and rolled from the blows of the hammer.
He went to the store. Went is booooring! Pick a better verb! Skipped Hauled Tip-toed Galloped Bolted crawled
The mean teacher yelled, What do you think your doing? Yelled is a boring verb. How about: Roared Scolded Growled Spit
The whole class laughed at me. Try to find the right word, always! Did they laugh, or: Giggle Crack up Squeal Roar Thunder Chuckle
What is the difference between action, linking, and helping verbs? Action Verbs: Express action; something that a person, animal, thing can do. Run Laugh Jump Play Think Sleep
Linking Verbs Do not show action. Connects the subject of the verb to additional information about the subject Ex. Mr. K is a history buff. Am, are, is, was, were, be, being, been, become, and seem.
Helping Verbs Always appear with an action verb in a sentence. Ex. I had hoped to get an A in this class. May, might, must Do, does, did Should, could, would Will, can, shall Have, had, has Am, are, is, was, were, be, being, been.
Interjection A word added to a sentence to convey emotion. Examples: Ouch, that hurt! Oh no, I forgot that the exam was today. Hey! Put that down!
Conjunction Links words, phrases, and clauses Example: I ate the pizza and the pasta. Call the movers when you are ready.
Preposition A preposition links nouns, pronouns, and phrases to other words in a sentence. Example: The book is on the table. The book is beneath the table. The book is leaning against the table. The book is beside the table. She read the book during class.
Every Sentence Must have a Subject and a Predicate (Main verb)
Subject Who or what the sentence is about. Complete Subject: all words that tell who or what the sentence is about Simple Subject: Main word in complete subject.
Find the complete subject and the simple subject: The study of space travel has brought us many new inventions. Complete subject: The study of space travel Simple subject: study
Predicate Tells about the subject. Complete predicate: all the words that state the action or condition of the subject. Simple predicate: main Verb of the sentence
Find the complete and simple predicate in the following sentence: The study of space travel has brought us many new inventions. Complete predicate: has brought us many new inventions. Simple predicate: has brought.
Direct Object Tells who or what receives the action of the verb.
Find the direct object in the following sentence: The study of space travel has brought us many new inventions. Direct Object: Inventions
Indirect object tells to whom or for whom an action is done. (to have an I.o., sentence must have a d.o.)
Find the Indirect object in the following sentence: The study of space travel has brought us many new inventions. Indirect Object: Us
Clause A group of words containing a subject and a predicate
Independent Clause A clause that expresses a complete thought Can stand alone as a sentence. Ex. The weather is nice in spring.
Dependent Clause A clause that does not express a complete thought. (fragment) Has a subject and verb but relies on other words being added Ex. Before the trial ended. Ex. When I get home. Ex. Because we couldnt find the theater.
Subordinating Conjunctions (signal dependent clauses) After Although As Because Before If Since Though Unless Until When Whenever Where Wherever
Coordinating Conjunctions And But So Or For Yet Nor
Compound Sentence A sentence containing at least two independent clauses Usually connected by the conjunctions: and, but, so, or, for, yet Ex. I like to dance, but Jim likes to sing.
Complex Sentence A sentence containing an independent and a dependent clause. Ex. When the fire alarm wailed, everyone left the building. Ex. We went for a walk because the sun came out.
Simple Sentences A sentence containing only one clause What kind of clause do you think it needs to be? INDEPENDENT!!! Now youre getting it
What kind of sentence? The book was heavy, but I could lift it easily. Everyone was feeling tired from the long night. Everyone left the building when the drill started. I studied all night because I knew the test would be hard. The class came in and sat down quietly. When the coach called my name, I got off the bench, and I went into the game. I was very nervous, yet I didnt let anyone know.
Gerund The -ing form of a verb when it is functioning as a noun. Ex. Writing is easy. Gerund = writing
Prepositional Phrase A phrase consisting of a preposition, its object, and any other modifiers Ex. I slept under the bridge. Prepositional phrase = under the bridge. HW - List of prepositions.