次世代ネットワークに関する 世界的な動向調査報告書 ??在の公衆交換電話網(PSTN)では、国際電話や海外へのファクシミリの送信といった、国をまたがる通 信ができるのは当然であるが、それを実現するためには、公衆交換電話網の通信プロトコルやインタフェ ースがグローバルに統一 ...

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  • 2005 1068

    2007 4

  • 1

    ........................................2

    1. .................................................................................................................2 1.1 .........................................................................................................2 1.2 NGN .........................................................................................................2

    2. NGN ..........................................................................................................................3

    2.1 ITU NGN ...................................................................................................4 2.2 FG-NGN ........................................................................................................................4 2.3 NGN-GSI ........................................................................................................................5 2.4 NGN IMS....................................................................................................6

    2.4.1 IMS ........................................................................................................................7 2.5 NGN .............................................................................................................8 2.6 NGN ..............................................................................................11

    2.6.1 NGN 1 ...............................................................................11 2.6.2 ITU NGN .................................................................11 2.6.3 ITU NGN ........................13

    2.7 ETSI TISPAN NGN .................................................................14 2.7.1 TS 187 001 V1.1.1 NGN Security : Requirements.............................................................14 2.7.2 TS 187 003 V1.1.1 NGN Security : Security Architecture.................................................15 2.7.3 NGN ....................................................15

    2.8 X.805 ......................................................................................................................18 2.8.1 X.805 ........................................................................18 2.8.2 X.805 3 ..................................................................18 2.8.3 ................................................................................................19 2.8.4 ..............................................................................................................19 2.8.5 ..........................................................................................................19 2.8.6 ..................................................................................................................20

    2.9 NGN.......................................................................................................22 2.9.1 ITU ...............................................................................22 2.9.2 .........................................................................23

    3. ..........................................................26

    3.1 ...................................................................................................................................26 3.2 ........................................................................................................................29 3.3 ............................................................................................................................29 3.4 ............................................................................................................................33

    3.4.1 ...........................................................................33 3.4.2 NGN ..................................................................................................35

    3.5 ................................................................................................................................38 3.6 ...................................................................................................................................40

    3.6.1 .....................................................................................40 3.6.2 .......................................................................................................41 3.6.3 NGN............................................................................42

  • 2

    3.7 ...................................................................................................................................44 3.7.1 BcN ...................................................................................................................44 3.7.2 BcN .....................................................................................................46

    ..................................................................47

    1. .................................................................................................................47 2. ........................................................................................................................................................51

    2.1 NGN ................................................................................51 2.2 NGN ..........................................................51 2.3 NGN .....................................................................................................................................................51 2.4 .................................................................................................................51 2.5 NGN ............................................................................52 2.6 IP ...................................................................................................................52 2.7 DRM ...........................................................................................................................52 2.8 UDP .........................................52 2.9 IMS ...........................52 2.10 3GPP 3GPP2 ......................................................53 2.11 3GPP, 3GPP2 ..................................................53 2.12 NGN NGN ..........................53 2.13 FMC .........................................................................................................................53 2.14 NGN ................................................................................................53 2.15 .................................................................................................54 2.16 .............................................................54 2.17 PSTN NGN ....................................................54 2.18 .................................................................54 2.19 ...................54 2.20 ...............................................................................................54 2.21 ...............................................................................................55

    ........................................................................................................................................56

    1. ..................................................................................56

    2. ..................................................57

    ...................................................................................................................59

    1. .......................................................................................................................59 2. NGN.............................60

    V ..........................................62

  • 3

    1. 1.1 1) 2) IP 2) ITU(International Telecommunication Union) NGN(Next Genereation Metwork)ITU NGN 2) 1) NGN ITU NGN 1

    QoS

    1.2 NGN (PSTN : Public Switched Telephone Network)()IP NGN NGN 2

    (PSTN) Point to Point //

    1 http://www.itu.int/ITU-T/ngn/definition.html 2 ITU-T NGN FG Proceedings Part II NGN 1 Scope P118-122

  • 4

    PSTN/ISDN

    IP PSTN/ISDN(Integrated Sevices Digital Network)

    PSTN/ISDN

    IP PSTN/ISDN IMS(IP Multimedia Subsystem)IP

    NGN

    VPN OTN(Over the Network)

    ( )

    2. NGN (PSTN)

    ()(International Telecommunication Union : ITU) 3ITU IP(Internet Protocol) IP NGN ITU ITU NGN NGN

    3 ITU http://www.ituaj.jp/03_pl/itu/itu_outline.html

  • 5

    2.1 ITU NGN ITU NGN 2003 JRG(Joint Rapporteur Group)JRG NGN

    Y.2001: General overview of NGN Y.2011: General principles and general reference model for next generation networks

    JRG 2004 5 2005 11 FG-NGN (Focus Group on Next Generation Network) FG-NGN QoS2005 11 NGN 1 NGN 1 NGN FG Proceeding42 2003 2005 ITU-T NGN

    2003

    Y.2001 : General overview of NGN NGN Y.2011 : General principles and general reference model for Next Generation Networks

    NGN

    2005

    NGN 1 FG-NGN NGN 2.2 FG-NGN FG-NGN WG1WG7 7

    WG 1 SR () WG 2 FAM () WG 3 QoS () WG 4 CSC () WG 5 SeC () WG 6 Evol () WG 7 FPBN ()

    FG-NGN

    1. Services requirements and capabilities

    4 http://www.itu.int/ITU-T/ngn/release1.html

  • 6

    2. Functional architecture and mobility 3. Quality of service (QoS) 4. Control aspects (including signalling) 5. Security capability (including authentication) 6. Migration of current networks into NGN (PSTN, ISDN etc.) 7. Future packet based network requirements

    NGN 1 FG-NGN FG-NGN NGN-GSI(Global Standard Initiative)5 2.3 NGN-GSI NGN-GSI SG13 : Next Generation Networks NGN-GSI 6

    SG 2 numbering, naming and addressing SG 4 NGN Management SG 9 cable and television networks etc. SG 11 Network signaling requirements, control functional architectures and protocols in emerging NGN environments SG 12 Performance and quality of service SG13 Next Generation Networks SG 15 broadband access and transport SG 16 multimedia terminals and applications SG 17 NGN Security SG 19 Fixed and Mobile Convergence (FMC) and Mobility Management

    NGN-GSI7

    2 FMC IPv6 NGN End-to-End QoS NGN NGN (2005 JCA-HN(Joint Coordination Activity)) (RFID) IPTV (2006 IPTV-FG(Focus Group))

    NGN-GSI 2007 FG-NGN 1.1 7 5 http://www.itu.int/ITU-T/ngn/index.phtml 6 http://www.itu.int/ITU-T/studygroups/index.phtml 7 ITU-T Next Generation Networks, Nov 2006

  • 7

    ( : ITU-T Next Generation Networks, Nov 2006)

    1.1 NGN-GSI FG-NGN 2.4 NGN IMS NGNIPIP() IP SIP(Session Initiation Protocol)8SIP IMS (IP Multimedia Subsystem)NGN

    NGNQoS IMS SIP SIP IETF(Internet Engineering Task Force)9IMS 3 3GPP(3rd Generation Partnership Project)10ITU-T3GPP Release7 IMS 8 http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc3261.txt?number=3261 9 http://www.ietf.org/ 10 http://www.3gpp.org/

  • 8

    2.4.1 IMS IMS SIPIMS11

    () QoS

    IMS 1.2 11

    ( : TTC NGN 1)

    IMS UE : User Equipment HSS : Home Subscriber Server : P-CSCF : Proxy Call Session Control Function SIP S-CSCF : Serving Call Session Control Function ISP SIP AS : Application Server PSTN : Public Switched Telephone Network PCF : Policy Control Function MGW : Media Gateway MGCF : Media Gateway Control Function MRFC : Media Resource Function Controler

    11 TTC NGN 1 (2006 10)

  • 9

    1.2 IMS

  • 10

    2.5 NGN NGN Y.2011 NGNY.2011NGN NGN

    NGN

    NGN 1.3 12

    ( ITU-T Y.2011)

    12 ITU-T Y.2011

  • 11

    ( ITU-T Y.2011)

    1.3 NGN NGN 1.4 7 NGN 1

    ( : ITU-T Next Generation Networks, Nov 2006)

    1.4 NGN

    Resource and Admission Control Functions

    RACF

    Network AccessAttachment Functions

    NAAF

    Other MultimediaComponents

    Streaming Services

    Application Functions

    Core transport

    Functions

    Access Transport

    FunctionsNGN

    Terminals

    CustomerNetworks

    UserProfile

    Functions

    Other N

    etworks

    LegacyTerminals

    GW

    PSTN / ISDN Emulation

    IP MultimediaComponent

    NNITransport Stratum

    Service Stratum

    UNI

    Edge FuntionsAccess

    Functions

    Service and

    Control Functions

    Customer andTerminal Funct. QoS Aspects and one part of Control aspect

    (IP QoS signaling Requirement)

    Release 1 coverage

    Resource and Admission Control Functions

    RACF

    Network AccessAttachment Functions

    NAAF

    Other MultimediaComponents

    Streaming Services

    Application Functions

    Core transport

    Functions

    Access Transport

    FunctionsNGN

    Terminals

    CustomerNetworks

    UserProfile

    Functions

    Other N

    etworks

    LegacyTerminals

    GW

    PSTN / ISDN Emulation

    IP MultimediaComponent

    NNITransport Stratum

    Service Stratum

    UNI

    Edge FuntionsAccess

    Functions

    Service and

    Control Functions

    Customer andTerminal Funct. QoS Aspects and one part of Control aspect

    (IP QoS signaling Requirement)

    Release 1 coverage

  • 12

    1.5 7

    ( : ITU-T Next Generation Networks, Nov 2006)

    1.5 NGN 1.613

    ( : IP NGN)

    1.6 NGN

    13 IP NGN http://ngnforum.nict.go.jp/

    Access Independent

    (CoreTransport)Network

    Service/Network Control

    Platform

    Application

    Multi-layer Service Edge

    PresenceQoS/Traffic Control

    RADIUS

    SIP

    SingleSign-On Server

    AccountingMulti-point

    video-conference

    HomeAgent

    CertificationAuthority

    NWdefense

    HGWmanagement

    ONUONU

    Service Node

    ADSL modem

    Core Node

    MCWDMDSLAM

    MC

    MC

    MC

    Distribution Function

    BusinessUser

    HGW

    OLT

    V-ONU

    HE

    V-OLT

    Visual System

    Mass User

    OtherNetwork

    GWPSTN

    Community CollaborationCommunity Collaboration ContentsContents CommerceCommerce

    Ubiquitous NetworkUser

    Network

    AccessDependentNetwork

    BS

    RMC

    MSC

    Transportstratum

    Servicestratum

    GW

    GW

    Wireline AccessRAN HE: Head endMSC: Mobile Switching

    Center RMC: Radio Media

    ConverterBS: Base StationDSLAM: Digital Subscriber

    Access ModuleOLT: Optical Line TerminalONU: Optical Network UnitMC: Media Converter

    NNI

    UNI

  • 13

    NGN 1 ETSI(European Telecommunications Standards Institute)14 TISPAN(Telecommunications and Internet converged Services and Protocols for Advanced Networking)15 2007 1 2416TISPAN NGN 22007 5 2.6 NGN 2.6.1 NGN 1 2005 NGN 117

    X.805

    NGN IP(IP-CAN) NGN

    IMS IMS NGN NGN VoIP

    2.6.2 ITU NGN ITU NGNSG17 Lead Study Group18 SG13NGNNGNNGNNGN2006 7 19NGN 1 Y.2701 (Y.NGN-Security) : Security Requirements for NGN Release 1NGN

    14 http://www.etsi.org/ 15 http://www.etsi.org/tispan/ 16 http://portal.etsi.org/docbox/TISPAN/Open/Information/TISPAN_WorkPlan/ 17 NGN FG Proceedings Part I P75-76 18 www.itu.int/ITU-T/studygroups/com17/tel-security.html 19 http://www.itu.int/events/eventdetails.asp?lang=en&eventid=7643

  • 14

    Y.2701 11 End-to-End X.805 NGN NGN 3

    trusted zone : untrusted zone : trusted but vulnerable zone :

    X.805 8 : Appendix ETS () 1.7 Y.2701 11

    ( : TTC NGN 1)

    CPE : Customer Premise Equipment : CPE-BE : CPE Border Element

    1.7 Y.2701

    NGN ElementsTrusted

    Zone

    Border Elements

    Trusted butVulnerable

    Zone

    Provider-operated equipment (e.g., outside plant equipment)

    UntrustedZone

    CPE-BE

    CPECPE

    CPE

    Network Elements owned by the NGN provider

    Network Elements not necessarily owned by the NGN

    providerCPE-BE

    CPE

  • 15

    NGN NGN NGN() 2.6.4 ITU-T NGN ITU-T NGN 1.

    X.800 : Security Architecture for Open Systems

    X.805 : Security architecture for systems providing end-to-end communications end-to-end

    X.1051 : Information security management system Requirements for telecommunications (ISMS-T) X.1081 : A framework for specification of security and safety aspects of telebiometrics X.1121 : Framework of security technologies for mobile end-to-end communications X.1122 : Guideline for implementing secure mobile systems based on PKI

    X.273 : Network layer security protocol X.274 : Transport layer security protocol

    X.841 : Security information objects for access control X.842 : Guidelines for the use and management of trusted third party services X.843 : Specification of TTP services to support the application of digital

    X.509 : Public-key and attribute certificate frameworks

    2. ITU NGN20 X.805+ Division of the security features between the network and the users

    20 http://www.itu.int/ITU-T/studygroups/com17/ict/part03.html

  • 16

    X.805nsa Network security certification based on ITU-T Recommendation X.805 X.ngn-akm Authentication and key management framework for NGN X.1051 (Revised) Information security management guidelines for telecommunications based

    on ISO/IEC 17799 X.1051 (2004) Amd.1 Information security management system for telecommunications (ISMS-T),

    enhancements X.imm Incident management methodology X.ism-1 Code of practice for information security management X.ism-2 ISMS requirements specification X.rmg Risk management guidelines in use of X.1051 X.rmm Risk management methodology X.sim Security incident management guidelines for telecommunications X.homesec-1 Framework for security technologies for home network X.sap-2 Secure communication using TTP service X.websec-1 Security Assertion Markup Language (SAML)21

    X.805 (X.805+)(X.805nsa)(X.ngn-akm) ISMS-T(X.1051 (2004) Amd.1)(X.imm, X.sim)(X.rmg, X.rmm)(X.homesec-1, 2, 3)TTP(Trusted Third Party) (X.sap-2)SAML (X.websec-1) 2.7 ETSI TISPAN NGN ETSI TISPAN NGN ETSI TISPANNGN

    ETSI TS 187 001 V1.1.1 NGN Security : Requirements ETSI TR 187 002 V1.1.1 NGN Security : Threat and Risk Analysis ETSI TS 187 003 V1.1.1 NGN Security : Security Architecture ETSI TS 102 165-1 V4.2.1 Method and proforma for Threat, Risk, Vulnerability Analysis Part 1

    2.7.1 TS 187 001 V1.1.1 NGN Security : Requirements NGN 1

    21 ID XML OASIS http://www.oasis-open.org/committees/tc_home.php?wg_abbrev=security

  • 17

    NAT DoS

    1NASS(Network Access SubSystem : )RACS(Resource Admission Control Subsystem : )IMSPES(PSTN/ISDN Emulation Subsystem)AS(Application Server) NGN 2.7.2 TS 187 003 V1.1.1 NGN Security : Security Architecture NGN1TS 187 001 V1.1.1 NGN Security : Requirements NGN ITU-T Recommendation I.130Method for the characterization of telecommuni- cation services supported by an ISDN and network capabilities of an ISDN NGN 1

    NGN : :

    - IMS - SIP HTTP - XCAP

    IMS Residential Gateway NGN

    - NASS - NASS - NASS-IMS

    NGN

    2.7.3 NGN ETSI TISPAN NGN

    ETSI TS 102 165-1 V4.2.1 Methods and protocols Part 1

  • 18

    Method and proforma for Threat, Risk, Vulnerability Analysis Threat Vulnerability and Risk Analysis(TVRA)

    ETSI TR 187 002 TISPAN NGN Security : Threat and Risk Analysis NGN 1PSTN/ISDN (PES) NASS-IMS (impact)ISO15408ISO/IEC 13335Information technology - Security techniques - Guidelines for the management of IT securityThreatsWeakness ETSI TS 102 165-1

    1) Identification of the objectives resulting in a high level statement of the security aims and issues to be resolved. 2) Identification of the requirements, derived from the objectives from step 1. 1 3) Inventory of the assets. 4) Identification and classification of the vulnerabilities in the system, the threats that can exploit them, and the unwanted incidents that may result. 5) Quantifying the occurrence likelihood and impact of the threats. 6) Establishment of the risks. 7) Identification of countermeasures framework (architecture).

    () 5 ETSI ETR 332Security Techniques Advisory Group (STAG); Security requirements capture ISO/IEC 15408Information technology - Security techniques - Evaluation criteria for IT security

  • 19

    weakness

    TimeExpertise( )Knowledge( )Opportunity( )Equipment() 5 1.1 ETSI TS 102 165-1 1.2 ETSI TS 102 165-1

    1.1 ETSI TS 102 165-1

    ( : ETSI TS 102 165-1)

    1.2 ETSI TS 102 165-1

    ( : ETSI TS 102 165-1)

  • 20

    1.3 ETSI TS 102 165-1

    1.3 ETSI TS 102 165-1

    ( : ETSI TS 102 165-1)

    ETSI TR 187 002 TISPAN NGN Security : Threat and Risk AnalysisPSTN/ISDN NASS-IMS 1.4 PES

    1.4 PES

    ( : ETSI TR 187 002)

    2.8 X.805 NGN 1 X.805 : End-to-End (Security architecture for systems providing end-to-end communications) 2.8.1 X.805 X.805 End-to-End End-to-End 2.8.2 X.805 3 X.805 3

  • 21

    X.805 2.8.3 8

    1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8.

    2.8.4 X.805 3

    CRM 2.8.5 X.805 322

    22 X.8052.5 NGN Y.2011

  • 22

    IP PSTN()

    2.8.6 X.805 X.800

    : : : : :

    1.5 Y

    1.5 Security threat

    Security dimension

    Destruction of information or other resources

    Corruption or modification of

    information

    Theft, removal or loss of information and other resources

    Disclosure of information

    Interruption of services

    Access control Y Y Y Y

    Authentication Y Y

    Non-repudiation Y Y Y Y Y

    Data confidentiality

    Y Y

    Communication security

    Y Y

    Data integrity Y Y

    Availability Y Y

    Privacy Y

  • 23

    ( : X.805 Data Neteorks and Open System Communications Security)

    1.8 X.805 3 3 9( 1.8 ) 8 X.805

    X.805_F2

    Acc

    ess c

    ontr

    ol

    Infrastructure security

    Services security

    End-user planeControl plane

    Management plane

    THREATS

    VULNERABILITIES

    8 Security dimensions

    ATTACKSDat

    a co

    nfid

    entia

    lity

    Com

    mun

    icat

    ion

    secu

    rity

    Dat

    a in

    tegr

    ity

    Ava

    ilabi

    lity

    Priv

    acy

    Aut

    hent

    icat

    ion

    Non

    -rep

    udia

    tion

    Security layersApplications security

    ( : X.805 Data Neteorks and Open System Communications Security)

    1.8

    (Vulnerabilities)(Threats)(Attacks) () 1.9 19 ()8

  • 24

    X.805_F5

    Access control

    Authentication

    Non-repudiation

    Data confidentiality

    Module nineModule sixModule threeEnd-user plane

    Module eightModule fiveModule twoControl plane

    Module sevenModule fourModule one

    Services layer

    Communication security

    Data integrity

    Availability

    Privacy

    Eight security dimensions

    Management plane

    Infrastructure layer

    Applications layer

    ( : X.805 Data Neteorks and Open System Communications Security)

    1.9 2.9 NGN 2.9.1 ITU ITU

    1. (Standards Development Organizations : SDO) 2. ITU 3. 4. ()

    ITU 1.10 23 WTSA World Telecommunication Standardization Assembly : (ITU-T)4 1(2004) WTSA-04(NGN)(20052008)24

    1. NGN(SG:Study Group)(NGNSG(SG13))

    2. NGN SG11 SG19 ITU-T SGNGNSG ITU-T NGN

    3. NGN2

    23 ITU-T Guide for Beginners 24 http://www.soumu.go.jp/s-news/2004/041015_4.html

  • 25

    ( ITU-T Guide for Beginners)

    1.10 ITU 2.9.2 2004 6 BT 21(21st Century Network(21CN)) NGN NGN ITU NGN SDO

    : ETSI(European Telecommunications Standards Institute) 14 : ATIS (Alliance for Telecommunications Industry Solutions) 25 CableLabs(Cable Television Laboratories, Inc. ) 26 : TTC (The Telecommunication Technology Committee) 27

    ARIB(Association of Radio Industries and Businesses) 28 : TTA (Telecommunications Technology Association) 29 : CCSA (China Communication Standards Association) 30

    ETSI ITU NGN 1 ETSI TISPAN15TISPAN NGN31 NGN 3GPP

    25 http://www.atis.org/ 26 http://www.cablelabs.com/ 27 http://www.ttc.or.jp/ 28 http://www.arib.or.jp/ 29 http://www.tta.or.kr/English/new/main/index.htm 30 http://www.ccsa.org.cn/english/ 31 http://portal.etsi.org/docbox/TISPAN/Open/NGN_Published/

  • 26

    3

    ETSINGNIPTV NGN ATISIPTV NGN

    ATIS Next Generation Network (NGN) Framework Part I: NGN Definitions, Requirements, and Architecture

    ATIS Next Generation Network (NGN) Framework Part II: NGN Roadmap 2005 ATIS Next Generation Network (NGN) Framework, Part III : Standards Gap Analysis

    ADSL

    IMS32IMS CableLabs 3GPP IMS IMS IP PacketCable PacketCable 2.0 Security Technical Report33 IPPacketCable IMSPacketCable SG ETSI 34 WTSA-04NGN SG(SG11, SG13, SG15, SG16, SG19) 2005

    NGN 1.1135

    32 CableLabs 3GPP 33 http://www.packetcable.com/downloads/specs/PKT-TR-SEC-V02-061013.pdf 34 http://www.ttc.or.jp/j/link/cjk/index.html 35 (NGN) (2005 11)

  • 27

    ( : (NGN) (2005 11))

    1.11 NGN

    NGN IETF 3GPP3GPP236 ITU 3GPP 3GPP2 NGN 3GPP ETSI TISPAN NGN NGN 3

    36 http://www.3gpp2.org/

  • 28

    3. 3.1 2001 e-Japan 37ADSL

    ADSL NTT 2010 3,0002006 938( 2006 6)

    30,243,341 (31,441,108) FTTH 7,154,550 (6,305,597) DSL 14,396,034 (14,490,994) 3,479,605 (3,409,789) FWA 10,954 (10,632) LAN 5,704,018 (5,502,488) PHS 84,058,645 (82,911,225)

    2006 6FTTH LANPHSDSLFTTH 1.11 ICT39

    1.11 ICT ( 39)

    37 http://www.kantei.go.jp/jp/it/network/dai1/1siryou05_2.html 38 http://www.johotsusintokei.soumu.go.jp/field/tsuushin01.html 39 ICT http://www.soumu.go.jp/s-news/2005/050510_2.html

  • 29

    IT()40

    2001 1(IT) 5 ITe-Japan

    2002 e-Japan-2002 2003 e-Japan II 2004 e-Japan II 2005 IT 2006 IT

    2004 u-Japan41 42 ( 17 8 30)u-Japan ICTUNS43

    (Universal Communications) (New Generation Networks) ICT (Security and Safety)

    1.12 UNS ICT44

    ( : 1

    3() )

    1.12 UNS ICT

    40 IThttp://www.kantei.go.jp/jp/singi/it2/index.html 41 http://www.soumu.go.jp/menu_02/ict/u-japan/index2.html 42 http://www.soumu.go.jp/s-news/2005/050830_2.html 43 Ubiquitous Network Society 44 1 3()

  • 30

    3

    1. 2. 3. ICT 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10.

    NGNGMPLS NGN

    IP (NGN)

    IP45 IP4647IP4849 20102010

    100%

    2008 2010

    ( 30Mbps) 90

    100 90 3,5003,7001,2001,500ADSL1,5001,7004504802010 ICT

    45 http://www.soumu.go.jp/joho_tsusin/policyreports/chousa/jise_ip 46 http://www.soumu.go.jp/joho_tsusin/policyreports/joho_tsusin/ipnet/ipnet.html 47 http://www.soumu.go.jp/s-news/2004/040608_2.html 48 http://www.soumu.go.jp/s-news/2006/061201_6.html 49 http://www.soumu.go.jp/joho_tsusin/policyreports/chousa/bbseibi/index.html

  • 31

    3.2 EU 2005 6 EU i2010 201050i2010EU 3

    1. 2. ICT 3.

    i2010 NGNNGN EU FP(Framework Programme) FP751ICT 90( 1 4,000) 2007 201352 FPFP7 ICTICT - INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES Work Programme 2007-0853

    NGN () 3.3 2001UK Online : the broadband future2005 G7 2004 920082005 3 ICT Connecting the UKthe Digital Strategy54 BT IPBT 21CN NGN 55

    21C Global venture (Dec, 2006)

    BT 21CN NGN 21C Global ventureNGN Turk Telecom

    50 http://ec.europa.eu/information_society/eeurope/i2010/index_en.htm 51 http://cordis.europa.eu/fp7/ict/ 52 ICT in FP7 At A Glance (mid November, 2006) 53 ftp://ftp.cordis.lu/pub/fp7/ict/docs/ict-wp-2007-08_en.pdf 54 2006 2010 (http://www.soumu.go.jp/s-news/2005/050715_8.html) 55 http://www.btplc.com/21CN/WhatisBTsaying/Keymilestones/Keymilestones.htm

  • 32

    IPTV BT Vision (Dec, 2006)

    21CN(Nov, 2006)

    FMC (Sep, 2006) 56

    2007

    21CN

    2008

    21CN PSTN 15%21CN

    2009

    1600 65%PSTN 50%21CN

    2010

    2,000 21CN

    2011

    21CN

    BT 21CN 201157 1.132006 200858 1.14 BT 21CN 59 1.15 2006 12DigiWorld 2006 60BT Wholesale CEO Paul Reynolds 61

    2007 ADSL 24Mbps ADSL2+ LLU

    FTTH ADSL

    56 http://www.btplc.com/21CN/Theroadto21CN/Keymilestones/Keymilestones.htm 57 BT's 21st Century Network 58 BT's 21CN Programme 59 IMS based NGN Architecture and its application, ITU-T Workshop NGN and its Transport Networks, Kobe, 20-21 April 2006 60 http://www.digiworldsummit.com/pages/?all=accueil&idl=22 61 http://www.itpro.co.uk/internet/news/98234/%20bt-rules-out-deployment-of-fibretothehome.html

  • 33

    ( : BT's 21st Century Network) 1.13 21CN 2011

    ( : BT's 21CN Programme)

    1.14 BT 21CN 2006 2008

    Jan Feb Mar Apr May June July Aug Sept Oct Nov Dec

    2006

    2007

    2008

    Core/trunk Network Build

    complete

    First end users

    go live

    1st phase continues350,000 end users

    1st phase in-depth review with industry

    ADSL2+ platforms installed at exchanges covering >60% of end users

    Launch of Next Generation Broadband based on ADSL 2+

    National 21CN Migration Starts

    National 21CN Migration Continues

    Next generation broadband product Development/Alpha and Beta testing

    Exchange preparationprogramme complete for 1st phase of

    end user migrationFinal vendorcontracts

    signed

    Jan Feb Mar Apr May June July Aug Sept Oct Nov Dec

    2006

    2007

    2008

    Core/trunk Network Build

    complete

    First end users

    go live

    1st phase continues350,000 end users

    1st phase in-depth review with industry

    ADSL2+ platforms installed at exchanges covering >60% of end users

    Launch of Next Generation Broadband based on ADSL 2+

    National 21CN Migration Starts

    National 21CN Migration Continues

    Next generation broadband product Development/Alpha and Beta testing

    Exchange preparationprogramme complete for 1st phase of

    end user migrationFinal vendorcontracts

    signed

    2004

    2005

    2006

    2007

    2008

    2009

    2010

    2011

    BTs 21CN vision announced. Consult21 launched. Converged network architecture developed.Voice transformation trial underway

    Industry engagement via Consult21 gains pace. Strategic vendors announced.First service launches based on reusable capabilities

    Strategic vendor contracts signed. UK migration plan announced. Part of the IP/MPLS core network in place. Migration control centre established. Comprehensive testing and trials. End user communications strategy enacted. End user migration begins

    ~50% of UK broadband services delivered over 21CN

    UK wide migration to 21CN begins. Next generation broadband product available to ~50% of UK. > 15% of PSTN lines migrated

    Next generation broadband available to >16m end users. ~ 65% of broadband and ~50% of PSTN lines migrated

    Next generation broadband available to >20m end users.21CN migration substantially complete

    21CN completes

    2004

    2005

    2006

    2007

    2008

    2009

    2010

    2011

    BTs 21CN vision announced. Consult21 launched. Converged network architecture developed.Voice transformation trial underway

    Industry engagement via Consult21 gains pace. Strategic vendors announced.First service launches based on reusable capabilities

    Strategic vendor contracts signed. UK migration plan announced. Part of the IP/MPLS core network in place. Migration control centre established. Comprehensive testing and trials. End user communications strategy enacted. End user migration begins

    ~50% of UK broadband services delivered over 21CN

    UK wide migration to 21CN begins. Next generation broadband product available to ~50% of UK. > 15% of PSTN lines migrated

    Next generation broadband available to >16m end users. ~ 65% of broadband and ~50% of PSTN lines migrated

    Next generation broadband available to >20m end users.21CN migration substantially complete

    21CN completes

  • 34

    ( : IMS based NGN Architecture and its application)

    1.15 BT 21CN

  • 35

    3.4 3.4.1 200462

    2007 1,000 2007 95 2010 90

    FT(France Telecom) 2005 9563 ARCEP(Autorit de Rgulation des Communications Electroniques et des Postes) 64High-speed Internet Observatory 3rd Quarter 20062006 11 1,180 1,110 ADSL 65WLL(Wireless Local Loop : ) 7,000 2001 1.16

    1.16 2001

    ADSL ADSL 550 50% 65 2006 5 TV Orange 66 Livebox ()Livebox2006 9 290 62 http://www.internet.gouv.fr/informations/information/plan_reso2007/ 63 2010 http://www.soumu.go.jp/s-news/2005/050715_8.html 64 http://www.arcep.fr/index.php?id=1&L=1 65 http://www.francetelecom.com/en/group/organisation/key_figures/Q3_06_home/ 66 http://francetelecom.com/en/financials/journalists/press_releases/CP_old/cp060531.html

  • 36

    Orange FMC Unik2006 9UnikWiFi Livebox ADSL 8Mbps TV Orange Optimales 2006 6PCPDA3GEDGE(Enhanced Data rates for GSM Evolution)WiFiADSLGPRS (General Packet Radio Service)PSTN Business Everywhere 67Business Everywhere 2007 3 100Mbps HDTVPC2007 7 1268 2006 1 2007 FTTH 2 2006

    100,000km 11,500( 5%)

    2008 100 150,000200,000 22 7,000( 420)

    ADSL

    22009 68 ARCEP 2006 11Very high-speed Points of reference and outlook

    GPON 1 2,000 pay-TV driving force TV over DSL 150 VoD FTTH 1.17 FTTH

    67 http://www.francetelecom.com/en/financials/journalists/backgrounders/att00038884/BEW_FactsFigures_2006_August_06.pdf 68 http://www.francetelecom.com/en/financials/journalists/press_releases/CP_old/cp061215-ftth.html

  • 37

    ( : ARCEP Very high-speed Points of reference and outlook)

    1.17 ARCEP FTTH

    3.4.2 NGN : IDS69 EU FP7 FP6eMobility70ePerSpace71SPICE7273EU SPICETelecom ItaliaTelefonicaTelenorAlcatelEricssonNokiaSiemens eMobilityePerSpaceSPICE

    eMobility

    eMobility

    69 http://www.francetelecom.com/en/group/rd/offer/expertises/Domaines_New/CS/indexCS.html 70 http://www.emobility.eu.org/ 71 http://www.ist-eperspace.org/default.htm 72 http://www.ist-spice.org/ 73 France Telecom Research & Development DDM September 2006

  • 38

    1.18 eMobility74

    ( : eMobility Mobile and Wireless Communications Technology Platform Staying ahead! Strategic Research Agenda Ver5)

    1.18 eMobility

    ePerSpace

    ETSI NGN@home HGI(Home Gateway Initiative) 1.19ePerSpace 75

    SPICE(Service Platform for Innovative Communication Environment)

    74 eMobility Mobile and Wireless Communications Technology Platform Staying ahead! Strategic Research Agenda Ver5, August 2006 75 ePerSpace Concertation meeting (11/03/2004)

  • 39

    1.20 SPICE 76

    ( : ePerSpace Concertation meeting) 1.19 ePerSpace

    ( : Service Platform issues in WWI : Introduction to the SPICE project)

    1.20 SPICE

    76 Service Platform issues in WWI : Introduction to the SPICE project, February 3rd, 2006

    Red de entretenimiento

    Pasarela residencial

    OSA and OSGI Platforms: with Personalisation: Profiles Location Context Gsm, UMTSDxB

    Middleware: Device communities P2P services recognition and Configuration. Service discovery Personalisation Home network Technologies: Wired and wireless PHY layers. Domotics, A/V services, infotainment, Security, seamless and secure access

    Gateway

    Content Provision Platforms (Gluon, Ipaf) .xml structured content

    Backbone

    Service continuity

    Residental GW Service Provisioning

  • 40

    3.5 2003 Information Society Germany 2006772005 75 2005 2012 IP ! 2006 8 T-One78T-One2GSM VoIP (WiFi )GSM Customer benefits and confidence792006 11 700 2015 2,700 (70%) 1/4 VDSL 2006 Deutschland Online 4 Report 200680

    VDSL

    TV 2015 700 1.21

    ( : Deutschland Online 4 Report 2006)

    1.21

    77 http://www.bmbf.de/pub/aktionsprogramm_2006_gb.pdf 78 http://www.telekom.de/dtag/cms/content/dt/en/9250 79 http://www.deutschetelekom.com/dtag/cms/content/dt/en/7532 80 http://www.studie-deutschland-online.de/do4en/0000.html

  • 41

    2015 50Mbps 15.1% 1.22

    ( : Deutschland Online 4 Report 2006)

    1.22 2015 16Mbps ADSL25Mbps VDSL 25.5% 2015 750 VODHDTV TV VDSL DVD PC ARCEP Very high-speed Points of reference and outlook

    IP DSL FMC TV

  • 42

    3.6 FCC()81 e-Japan

    82 FCC 2001 1083

    82 (DSL)

    2004 3 262007 3.6.1 FCC 2006 4 High-Speed Services for Internet Access : Status as of June 30, 2005

    : 200 kbps : 200 kbps

    1.6 FCC 1.6

    200 kbps 2.5 Mbps ADSL 2.5 Mbps 10 Mbps 2.5 Mbps 10 Mbps 100 Mbps 10 Mbps

    200 kbps 2.5 Mbps 38.2% 2 Mbps 10 Mbps 61.2% 10 Mbps 0.6%

    81 http://www.fcc.gov/ 82 2010 http://www.soumu.go.jp/s-news/2005/050715_8.html http://www.soumu.go.jp/s-news/2005/pdf/050715_8_04_05.pdf 83 http://www.fcc.gov/Speeches/Powell/2001/spmkp109.html

  • 43

    ADSL 10 Mbps

    1.6

    ( : FCC High-Speed Services for Internet Access : Status as of June 30 2005)

    3.6.2 84

    Verizon2004FTTP(Fiber To The Premises) 2005 300FTTH2008 60

    SBC(AT&T AT&T)2004 11 Project Lightspeed8520

    25Mbps 2007 1,800(Fiber To The Node : FTTN)

    2006 5 WiMAX Project Lightspeed86

    84 IP 85 http://www.att.com/gen/press-room?pid=4800&cdvn=news&newsarticleid=21458 86 http://www.att.com/gen/press-room?pid=4800&cdvn=news&newsarticleid=22272

  • 44

    3 550 IP Project Lightspeed

    46 Project Lightspeed 2008 1,900

    WiMAX

    3.6.3 NGN IMS 34 IMS IMS VoIP IPTV NGN ITU NGN87 ICT National Science and Technology Council (NSTC)88 NITRD(Networking and Information Technology Research and Development)89NGN NSTC Cyber Security and Information Assurance (CSIA)Interagency Working Group (IWG) Federal Plan for Cyber Security and Information Assurance Research and Development90(2006 4) NGNPSTNNGN

    NGN

    (IDSIM)

    :

    President's National Security Telecommunications Advisory Committee (NSTAC)91 NGN Next Generation Task Force Report(2006 3)92 NGNNGN (national security and emergency preparedness (NS/EP)NGN

    87 (V) 88 http://www.ostp.gov/nstc/ 89 http://www.nitrd.gov/ 90 http://www.nitrd.gov/pubs/csia/csia_federal_plan.pdf 91 http://www.ncs.gov/nstac/nstac.html 92 http://www.ncs.gov/nstac/reports/2006/NSTAC%20Next%20Generation%20Networks%20Task%20Force%20Report.pdf

  • 45

    NS/EP

    NGN

  • 46

    3.7 BcN(Broadband convergence Network)DSL 2004u-Korea(IT839) BcN2010 2,000 50100Mbps BcN84 2006 3u-KOREA 2004 IT839u-KOREA20062u-IT83993 KTFTTH 2004 10 100 2009 100Mbps 174 9000 84 u-Korea (IT839 )2010 IP 20062007 IP 20082010 IP 84! 2005 3,301 ( 70) 1,21994 3.7.1 BcN

    BcN 3

    Phase 1 (2004 - 2007) PSTN

    PSTN : NGN toll switch 4 local switch 5

    Phase II (2006 - 2008)

    IP PSTN BcN : : FMC

    Phase III (2008 - )

    U- : U-School RFID : U-Work

    BcN 1.2395 93 http://www.johotsusintokei.soumu.go.jp/whitepaper/ja/h18/html/i2625000.html 94 2006 95 KT BcN service strategy

  • 47

    ( : KT BcN service strategy)

    1.23 BcN BcN 1.2496

    ( : KT's FTTH Service Scenario)

    1.24 BcN

    96 KT's FTTH Service Scenario (2006 9)

  • 48

    BcN 1.2597

    ( : BcN Control and Management (ETRI BcN Research Division))

    1.25 BcN

    3.7.2 BcN BcNMIC()

    RFID

    () QoS-Aware

    97 BcN Control and Management (ETRI BcN Research Division)

  • 49

    1. I

    NGN IP(IP-CAN) NGN

    IMS IMS NGN NGN VoIP

    NGN IMSIMS NGNNTT NGN 98 ISP 99NGN NGN Open Trial Exhibition(NOTE)100

    IP

    - -

    PTMN : Push to Talk with Multimedia over NGN

    98 http://www.ntt.co.jp/trial/ 99 CISCO TelePresence (http://www.cisco.com/japanese/warp/public/3/jp/solution/uc/telepresence/index.shtml) 100 http://www.ngn-note.jp/top.html

  • 50

    IP IP IP

    AV

    NGN IP 13 IP101 IP WG( 1 ) SWG( 1 )( 18 1 27) IP IPNGN 2.1 2.2 2.1 IP NGN

    IP IP

    IP()

    IP

    101 http://www.soumu.go.jp/joho_tsusin/policyreports/joho_tsusin/ipnet/ipnet.html

  • 51

    DRM

    NGN (API)

    ( IPWG( 1) SWG( 1)( 18 1 27)

    )

    2.2 IP NGN

    ID ID

    IP

    ID

    (SPIT)

    INVITE

    SPIT

    INVITE

    (DDoS) (UNI,NNI)

    ()

    SIP

    P2P

    (

    )SIP

    C

    ()SIP

    ()

    (TCA)

  • 52

    DoS

    SIP

    (IP)

    RTP

    /

    C U

    RTP

    DoS ( IP

    IP ( 18 4 17))

    NGN 1022011( 2.1)

    ( : )

    2.1 NGN(National Institute of Information and Communications Technology : NICT 103)104

    QoS IPSecIKE QoS

    102 www.soumu.go.jp/joho_tsusin/policyreports/ chousa/bbseibi/pdf/061127_2_si4.pdf 103 http://www.nict.go.jp/index-J.html 104 18 (NGN) www2.nict.go.jp/q/q265/s802/ info/20061130koubo/theme_b001_koubo.pdf

  • 53

    2.

    V 2.1 NGN

    SIPSIP

    Identity ()

    ITU X.805 IPTV

    2.2 NGN

    (manufacturers) () Identity SPIT SPAM NGN

    2.3. NGN

    DoS ( SIM )

    2.4

    ITU NGN

    ETSI IMS

  • 54

    (Keyed hash function) 2.5 NGN

    NGN ETSINGN USB SIMNGN USB SIM

    2.6 IP

    ITU 3GPP2 IP 3GPPLTE(Long Term Evolution) IP

    2.7 DRM

    ITU DRM IPTV DRM DRM

    2.8 UDP

    UDP DoS ETSI TISPAN WG7DoS IMS DoS

    2.9 IMS

    ITU"" ( ) IMS (SIM ) IPTV IMS

  • 55

    IMS 2.10 3GPP 3GPP2

    3GPP2 Lucent, Qualcomm, Sprint, Cisco active ETSI TISPAN WG7 3GPP IMS (manufacturers)

    2.11 3GPP 3GPP2

    Network Firewall Configuration and Control(NFCC) 3G (2G)

    2.12 NGN NGN

    IMS IPTVVoIP NGN () IMS

    2.13 FMC

    MD5 HTTP WiFi

    2.14 NGN

  • 56

    2.15

    2.16

    (warrant) NGN PSTN

    2.17 PSTN NGN

    2.18

    PC

    2.19

    IPTV ATIS ETSI

    NGN NGN

    PSTN

    ETSI ETSI 3G

    GSM3GPP 2.20

    NGN

  • 57

    NGN NGN IMS NGN all IP NGN ()

    2.21 NGN SIP

    NGN NGN NGN

    -

    -

    NGN NGN IPTV () NGN

    NGN

    NGN NGN

    NGN

  • 58

    1. PSTN NGN

    63 2010 NTT BT 2010 2011 IP ADSLNTT NGNNTT 20072010 3,.000 NGN 1(Y.2701)2.6.4NGNIMS105 NGN

    NGN NGN NGNNGNNGN PSTN NGN FMC (IPTV)BT ADSL FMC IPTV

    BT 2009 2010 67 NGN2015 NGN IP106 IPTV IPTVADSL

    105 3GPP2 IMS Security Framework 106 http://www.ntt.co.jp/news/news07/0701/070126a.html

  • 59

    2.

    NGN NGN QoS End to End CC(Common Criteria)TCG NGN NGN

    94 IPv6ICT

    : NGN BT 21CN NGN 21C Global Venture

    NGN

    R&D

  • 60

    100Mbps

    R&D

    NGN ISMS NGN NGNNGN NGN

    NGN

    ISMS

  • 61

    NTT2010 3,000

    NGN NGN NGN NGN IPv6 Common Criteria TCGNGN NGN

    NGNNGNNGN

    NGN NGN

    NGN 1. ITU

  • 62

    2. NGN NGN NGN QoS NGN

    NGN

    QoS NGN NGN

    () NGN NGN

    NGN

  • 63

    V NGN

    1. ( Former Vice Chair of 3GPP2 TSG-S Working Group 4 (Security)) 1.1. NGN POP

    1.2. 3GPP2 (manufacturers)

    (2G3G ) 3GPP (3GPP ) NGN 1.3. NGN NGN Windows

    () 1.4. FMC NGN

  • 64

    1.5. IMS 3GPP2 MMD IMS MMD IMS IMS () 1.6. 3GPP 3GPP2 3GPP2 Lucent, Qualcomm, Sprint, Cisco active 1.7. 3GPP 3GPP2 3GPP2 3GPP2

    WG WG WG WG TLS TLS Network Firewall Configuration and Control(NFCC)(handset) 1.8 NGN NGN NGN () 1.9.

    1.10.

  • 65

    2. (IETF ) 2.1. NGN SIP Early Media SIP Early Media SIP 2 SIPEarly Media PSTN SIP Early Media 2.2. NGN 1 Skype 2.3. NGN ITU NGN ITU NGN IP ()IP ( QoS ) NGN IP PSTN NGN NGN

    2.4 NGN IETF NGN NGN NGN IP IETF NGN 2.5. IETF IETF ()

  • 66

    2.6. NGN NGN NGN NGN IP NGN NGN PSTN Skype PSTN (NGN ) 2.8. DRM IETF DRM 2.9. UDP DoS UDP UDP

  • 67

    3. ( ITU-T SG 13 Rapporteur for Security) 3.1. NGN Identity 3.2. NGN Identity - Identity 3.3. NGN NGN DoS

    NGN 3.4 NGN ITU ISO ITU ISO NGN 3ATIS ETSI EUITU ETSI ATIS ITU ETSI IPTV ATIS ETSI 3 ITU NGN QoS NGN NGN 3G ITU IMS""QoS IMS ()

    IMS ITUNGNIMS IMS

  • 68

    ITU identity identity management ITU NGN 1NGN SG13 5 30 NGN Release 1 identity ITU SG ISO 3.5 ITUNIST ISOITUNGN 3.6 NGN SGITU SG

    NGN 3.7 IP NGN IP 3GPP IP3GPP2 IP(3GPP2 IETF) 3GPP2 IP 3.8 DRM DRM ITUIPTVDRM NGN IPTVNGN DoS IPTV 3.9 UDP

    QoS

  • 69

    DoS PSTN NGN 3.10 FMC ITUFMC IMSNGNFMC() 3.11 IMS IMS () ITU "" () 3.12 3GPP 3GPP2 ITU3GPP 3GPP2 ITUNGN 3.13 NGN NGN ETSI (ATIS ) NGN EUNGN 3.14 NGN NGN

  • 70

    4. (Chairman of the 3GPP Workgroup for Security, 3GPP TSG SA WG3) 4.1 NGN () 4.2 NGN 4.3 NGN NGN 4.4 IMS 4.5 NGN NGN SIM

    3GPP NGN 4.6 IP IP IMS 4.7 DRM 3GPP DRM OMA IMS DRM IMS 4.8 FMC FMC 3GPP IMS IMS 4.9

  • 71

    4.10 IMS IMS

    IMS (SIM ) IMS NGN NGN IMS IMS NGN IMS IMS "" 4.11 3GPP 3GPP2 3GPP WG 3GPP 45(WG ) WG WG IMS 3GPP 3G 3GPP NGN "ATIS ETSI TISPAN ITU " NGN 3GPP NGN IMS IMS ETSI NGN IMS IMS GPRS(General Packet Radio Service) NGN IMS ETSI IMS IMS IMS

  • 72

    4.12 NGN NGN NGN NGN IMS 4.13 NGN NGN NGN PTT NGN

  • 73

    5. 5.1 NGN NGN IMS

    ITU ITU X.805 IMS 5.2 IMS IMS 3GPP IMS IMS non-3GPP IMS IMS IMS IPTV IMS 5.3 NGN NGN 10 NGN 10NGN 5 NGN ITU NGN ITU NGN ITU NGN ITU ITU NGN ITU NGN ITU NGN ITU NGN ITU NGN NGN IMS IMS 34 IMS IMS IMS (24 )IPTV VoIP IMS IMS

  • 74

    NGN IMS IMS 5.4 ITU NGN ITU NGN - ITU, ETSI, ATIS NGN 5.5 IMS NGN PSTN PSTN

  • 75

    6. (Chair person of ETSI TISPAN WG7 (Security)) 6.1 NGN IMS

    IMS 3GPP (shaky) IPTV IPTV 6.2 NGN SPIT SPAM TISPAN OS 6.2 NGN NGN 2.0 3GPP IMS 7 NGN 1 2.0( IPTV ) 3GPP 3GPP WG EU NGN

    NGN 3ETSI TISPAN 3GPP NGN 6.4 ETSI 3GPP

  • 76

    6. 5 NGN NGN SIM ETSI NGN USB SIM NGN USB SIM 6.6 IP IETF 6.7 DRM IPTV 2.0 IPTV DRM 6.8 UDP SIP WG DoS 6.9 FMC FMC MD5 HTTP 6.10 IMS IMS IMS SIM LAN 3GPP UICC USIM (DoS ) SIP 6.11 3GPP 3GPP2 3GPP 3GPP NAT 3GPP 3GPP

  • 77

    6.12 NGN NGN IMS IMS interworking 6.13 NGN

    6.14 NGN ETSI ETSI 6.15 NGN IMS NGN all IP BT FT NGN 1 (Alcatel Lucent)

  • 78

    7. (Member 3GPP TSG SA WG3 and TISPAN WG7 ) 7.1 NGN IP NGN 7.2 NGN NGN ""

    (anti-spam ) NGN PSTN GPRS GPRS GPRS 7.3 NGN SIM SIM USB ( AKA(Authentication and Key Agreement Protocol) ) 7.4 IP 3GPP LTE IP(LTE : Long Term Evolution) 7.5 DRM DRM DRM

  • 79

    DRM 7.6 FMC UMA FMC GSM IP IMS SIP SIP SIP

    SIP FMC passive ""

    WiFi (MP3 ) 7.7 FMC SMS(Short Message Service) store and forward 7.8 IMS IMS FMC IMS IMS FMC IMS 1) IMS 2) IMS 2

  • 80

    7.9 3GPP 3GPP 1999 IMS 7.10 3GPP TISPAN 3G 2G 2G 3G

    3GPP

    a) (first node) b) IPSec IMS over GPRS IMS over WLAN

    Liberty Alliance HSS(Home subscriber service) SIMSIM SIM Liberty Alliance 3GAA(generic authentication architecture : GBA ) API 3GPP Liberty Alliance

    SS7 TCAP SS7 3G

  • 81

    TCAP

    : Generic Bootstrapping Architecture : GBA

    PCPC PC 7.11 NGN NGN NGNTISPAN(does not extend out)emulated PSTN (H.248 ) MPLS IMS

    ISP 7.12 NGN FMC IPTV 7.14 NGN 50:50 7.15

  • 82

    7.16 7.17 PSTN NGN 7.18 WAP PC WAP 7.19 3GPP TISPAN 7.20 3G 3GNGN 7.21

  • 83

    8. (Member 3GPP TSG SA WG3) 8.1 3GPP PacketCable ()(Keyed hash function)PacketCable AES 3DES 8.2 IP Sprint 3 (Time Warner Cable, Cox Communications and Advance/Newhouse Communications)

    Sprint 1 3 1 IP 8.3 DRM IMS OMA (Open Mobile Alliance) CableLabs OpenCable DRM IETF 12 13 8.4 UDP DoS IMS DoS IP DOCSIS QoS PacketCable security architecture DoS 8.5 FMC IMS FMC 3GPP VCC(voice call continuity) FMC

  • 84

    8.6 IMS IMS IMS IMS

    TISPAN CableLabs ETSI TISPAN 3GPP (3GPP ETSI TISPAN ) IMS IMS " IMS" () IMS 3GPP IMS 3GPP IMS GPRS CableLabs 3GPPTISPAN ""(how to get other industry requirements into international standards) 3GPP2 WiMax IMS (delta ) 3GPP IMS delta PacketCable security architecture IMS IMS IMS NGN () CableLabs ITU IPCablecom IP () NGN ITU CableLabs ITU SG9 8.7 3GPP 3GPP2 GSM 3GPP IMS

  • 85

    8.8 NGN NGN IMS PacketCable 1.0 PacketCable 2.0 IMS 6 2007 2008 PacketCable IMS 6 8.9 PacketCable

  • 86

    9. (member of ATIS NGN Focus Group) 9.1 NGN NGN ETSI TISPAN 9.2 NGN NGN DoS NGN NGN NGN NGN IPv6 NGN 9.3 NGN NGN ATIS NGN () IMS 9.4 NGN 9.5 NGN NGN

    (spectrum) 9.6

  • 87

    9.7 9.8 PSTN NGN ()NGN

    NGN 9.9 NGN 3GPP IMS TISPAN NGN 1 IMS IMS NGN NGN (NGN )IMS IPv6 IPv6 NGN NGN

  • 88

    10. (Member ATIS NGN Focus Group) 10.1 NGN NGN IP SIP SIP SIP SIP-S SIP End to end IMS TLS TLS

    SIP

    IETF 10.2 NGN IP NGN DoS IP IMS IMS

    10.3 NGN NGN ATIS ITU-T IMS ATIS

    ATISPTSC-SAC PTSC-SEC IMS NGNATIS SAC SEC 3GPP TISPAN ATISITU ATIS 3GPP ATIS

  • 89

    10. 4 NGN SIP H.323 10.5 NGN NGN NGN IMS NGNIMS

    T-Mobile Hotspot@Home (IMS )IMS 10.6 NGN IMS IMS 10.7 NGN NGN IMS

    IMS NGN IMS IMS 10.8 ITU ATIS

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