Chapter 6 Overview Lesson 6–1 Creating a Document Lesson 6–2 Editing Document Lesson 6–3 Formatting a Document Chapter Review and Assessment Chapter.
<ul><li><p>Chapter 6 Overview Lesson 61 Creating a Document Lesson 62 Editing Document Lesson 63 Formatting a Document Chapter Review and Assessment</p></li><li><p>Word-Processing Basics What Is Word Processing?In 1968, IBM first used the term word processing. The term described machines that could be used to type a document, remember the typists keystrokes, and produce more than one copy. With this new tool, workers saved time.That was just the beginning. Todays word-processing programs do much more. Suppose you were writing something by hand and made a mistake or changed your mind about what you wanted to say. If you were using a pen, you would probably cross out the words you wanted to change or brush on correction fluid. Doing that leaves the page messy, though. With word-processing software, you can change the text and still create neat pages. You can even save what you typed and use it again a day, a week, or even a year later. Vocabulary PreviewHow many vocabulary words do you already know? To test your knowledge of this chapters key terms, click the Vocab Preview icon. Then, print the worksheet and complete the questions.</p></li><li><p>List the four basic functions of word-processing programs. Name two tools used to navigate a word-processing document. Summarize four key features of word-processing programs. Identify three standards for word-processing documents. </p><p>As You Read Organize Information Complete a spider map to help you organize basic facts about word processing </p></li><li><p>word-processing program a program that creates documents through writing, editing, formatting, and printing functions</p><p>programa de procesamiento de textos programa que elabora documentos mediante funciones de escritura, edicin, asignacin de formato e impresin</p></li><li><p>insertion point a mark that indicates where entered text will appear in a document</p><p>punto de insercin marca que indica dnde aparecer el texto introducido en un documento </p></li><li><p>word wrap the automatic starting of a new line when the previous line is full</p><p>salto automtico de lnea inicio automtico de un nuevo rengln cuando el anterior est completo</p></li><li><p>pagination the automatic division of a document into pages</p><p>paginacin divisin automtica de un documento en pginas</p></li><li><p>AutoCorrect a feature that fixes common spelling mistakes as they are typed</p><p>autocorreccin recurso que corrige errores de ortografa comunes a medida que se escribe el texto</p></li><li><p>autosave a feature that automatically saves a document at set increments of time </p><p>autoguardar recurso que guarda automticamente un documento a intervalos fijos </p></li><li><p>Word-processing programsare used for creating and printing text documents. These programs have four functions:writingentering text and symbols into a document editingrevising or reorganizing the text formattingchanging how the text looks on the page printingproducing a printed copy These tasks do not need to be done all at once or even in the order shown here. Whatever the order, these four functions are at the heart of word processing.</p></li><li><p>Word-processing programs can be used to create almost any kind of printed document, such as letters, reports, and brochures. They can also be used to create calendars, return-address labels, and labels for homemade CDs. It is no surprise that word-processing software is the application that people use more than any other application.</p></li><li><p>When you open a word processing program, a new, blank document is created. It looks like a blank piece of paper on the screen. The program is ready for you to start writing. You can create another new document at any time by clicking the Office button, clicking the New command, selecting Blank Document, and clicking the Create button. In most word processing programs, you can also create a new document by pressing Ctrl+N (hold the Ctrl key and press N). Every time you create a new document, you need to save it. Click the Save button on the Quick Access toolbar. When the Save As dialog box opens, name your document. Insertion PointThe insertion point shows where the text you type will appear. It moves as you type. ScrollingAs you write, you might want to reread or change something you wrote earlier. That is made easy by scrollingusing the mouse or keyboard to move through the document.</p></li><li><p>Most word-processing programs have four basic features. They help you write, edit, and save your work. With word wrap, the program automatically starts a new line, or wraps the text, when the current line is full. If you wish, you can force text onto a new line by pressing Enter. When a page is full, the pagination feature automatically starts a new page. You can also force a new page by inserting a special character, called a page break. The AutoCorrect feature fixes common spelling mistakes as they are typed. You can turn off this feature or modify it to accept unusual words that you often use. The AutoRecover or autosave feature protects you from losing work. It does so by automatically saving a document as often as you want. If the computer shuts down accidentally, you can retrieve the most recently saved version. </p></li><li><p>As you write, keep in mind three standards of style to make your work look professional. Two standards are met automatically by many programs. They change two hyphens (--) to an em dash (). They also convert quotation marks to curly quotation marks, or smart quotes. The other standard is not automaticyou have to remember to do it. This standard is to type one space, not two, between sentences</p></li><li><p>Explain how to identify document files in a list of files. Describe the benefits of selecting text. Contrast different editing tools such as the Cut and Copy commands, and the Undo and Redo commands. As You Read Identify Cause and Effect Complete a cause-and-effect chart to help you identify what happens when word-processing functions are applied as you read.</p></li><li><p>select text a software feature that allows the user to highlight, or select, any amount of text in a document for editing </p><p>seleccionar texto recurso de software que permite al usuario resaltar una cantidad cualquiera de texto de un documento para editarlo </p></li><li><p>copy places a duplicate of the selected text or object on the Clipboard</p><p>copy pone una copia del texto u objeto seleccionado en el Clipboard(sujetapapeles)</p></li><li><p>cut removes the selected text or object from a document and places it on the Clipboard</p><p>cut remueve el texto u objecto seleccionado y lo pone en el Clipboard(sujetapapeles)</p></li><li><p>paste inserts into a document a duplicate of text or object from the Clipboard</p><p>paste inserta en el documento una copia del texto u objeto que esta en el Clipboard(sujetapapeles).</p></li><li><p>undo removes the most recent edit from a document </p><p>undo (deshacer) deshace la edicion mas reciente de un documento.</p></li><li><p>redo removes the most recent edit from a document </p><p>redo desace el efecto del comando undo(rehacer).</p></li><li><p>Editing can take place at any time after you have created the document. To do so, you need to open the file you created so you can work on it again. You can use a word-processing programs Open command to open a file, or you can use a file management program to find files on a disk. In Windows, file names have extensions, such as .txt, .rtf, .doc, or .wpd, although these extensions may be hidden from view. On a Macintosh computer, documents are simply listed by file name. Word-processing programs make editing easy. You can add words simply by typing them. You can delete characters by pressing the Delete or Backspace keys. Powerful features in these programs help you do even more. </p></li><li><p>Usually, people edit more than one character at a time. The select text feature lets you highlight anything from a word to a whole document. Then you can delete it, move it, copy it, or change its formatting. To select text, simply click and drag the mouse over the text you want. Most programs also let you select text using the keyboard. You hold down the Shift key while you use the arrow keys and other keys to select the text. Selected text is highlighted on the screen; that is, it appears with a different background color.Figure 6.2.1 Selecting text in a word-processing program </p></li><li><p>Two common reasons for selecting text are cutting and copying. Both actions place the text in the Clipboard. The ClipboardThe Clipboard stores cut or copied text while you work. Once you close the program or shut down the computer, items on the Clipboard are lost. Some programs store only one item at a time, so cutting or copying new text replaces what was held before. Some programs can hold many items on the Clipboard. The Cut command removes the selected text from a document and places it on the Clipboard. The Copy command places a duplicate of the selected text on the Clipboard. The Cut, Copy, and Paste commands can be found in the Clipboard group of the Home tab in Microsoft Word 2007.</p><p>PastingUse the Paste command to insert an item copied or cut to the Clipboard. Simply place the insertion point where you want the item to appear. Then, click the Paste icon on the Clipboard group of the Home tab or press Ctrl+V. The copied item or text appears where you want it.. Using Cut and PasteMoving a sentence from the middle of a paragraph to the beginning can be done by selecting and dragging it. You can use Cut and Paste to move that sentence fartherfor example, to another pageor to move text or a graphic from one document to another. You can even open a new window, paste the text you cut from another document, and save the pasted text as a new document. Using Copy and PasteCopying and pasting saves time when you need to repeat some text. You can also copy and paste to bring a graphic from one document into another. </p></li><li><p>Word-processing programs have commands that can undo or cancel an edit. If you delete a word by mistake, you can use the Undo command to put it back. Many programs also have a Redo command. You can use this feature to put a change back in effect after cancelling it with Undo.</p></li><li><p>Explain what default formatting is, Identify four parts of any document that can be formatted. Summarize the advantages of dividing a document into sections for formatting. Compare portrait and landscape orientation. As You Read </p><p>SummarizeComplete a summary chart to help you identify different features that can be formatted as you read the lesson</p></li><li><p>default a preset option in a program</p><p>opcin automtica opcin preestablecida en un programa</p></li><li><p>style a set of formats for similar elements in a document</p><p>estilo conjunto de formatos para elementos similares de un documento</p></li><li><p>section a part of a document that contains specific format settings</p><p>seccin parte de un documento que contiene parmetros de formato especficos</p></li><li><p>page format the arrangement of text on a page</p><p>formato de pgina disposicin del texto en una pgina</p></li><li><p>A documents formattingits appearanceis sometimes as important as its contents. This is why word-processing programs have so many tools to format documents. Word-processing programs include many preset formats, called defaults. The program applies these formats automatically, unless you change them. For example, many word processors use Times New Roman as the default font. Word 2007, however, uses Calibri, but you can change to a different font whenever you want. You can format four distinct parts of a document: characters, paragraphs, sections, and pages.</p></li><li><p>Character formatting lets you change the look of letters. Three primary formats are applied to characters: The font is the family of characters used. A font is a named set of characters that have the same appearance. Popular fonts are Times New Roman and Arial . Font size is the height of characters, measured in points. One point equals 1/72 inch. Font styles are characteristics such as boldface and italic</p><p>Programs make it easy to format similar groups of characters the same way throughout a document. For instance, you can create a set of formatting characteristics, called a style, for all the subheadings in a document. When you apply that style to all subheadings, you apply that group of formats in one step. </p></li><li><p>A paragraph is any text that ends with the press of the Enter key. Whenever you press Enter, you create a paragraph. You can change many paragraph formats, including: Alignmentthe way a paragraph lines up between the pages left and right margins .Line spacingthe amount of space between the lines of text in a paragraph .Indentationadded space between a margin and the text .Tabsstops placed along a line. Pressing the Tab key moves the insertion point to the next stop. Tabs can be used to align text in tables or columns. You can apply these paragraph formats through dialog boxes, but you can also apply some of them by using ruler settings. In Word 2007, for example, you can create a tab stop by displaying the ruler and then clicking the horizontal ruler at the point where the tab stop should appear. You can change a paragraphs indentation by dragging indent markers, which normally are found at each end of the ruler. Ruler settings apply only to the paragraph that contains the insertion point, or to selected paragraphs. </p></li><li><p>In some word processors, a section is part of a document that contains specific format settings. A document begins as one section, but it can be split into more than one. You can format each section in its own unique way.</p></li><li><p>Page formatting affects how and where text is positioned on the page. The main features in page formatting are: Paper sizeVarious sizes of paper can be used to create documents. OrientationText can be printed in one or two directions, or orientations. In portrait orientation, text is printed down the pages long edge, creating a page that is taller than it is wide. In landscape orientation, text is printed down the pages short edge, creating a page that is wider than it is tall. </p><p>Marginsthe space between the four paper edges and the text. This open space frames the page and can make the text easier to read. Headers and footersspecial information placed at the top of the page (headers) or at the bottom (footers). These placeholders can show page numbers, the date, or the documents title. Graphicsdrawings, photographs, or other images. Some graphics, like charts and graphs, are informative. Others are decorative. Many word-processing programs let you create or add graphics.</p></li><li><p>The purpose of the insertion point in a word-processing program is to show you were the text will be typed.</p></li><li><p>You use a mouse to scroll through a document by insertion point.You use a keyboard by typing.</p></li><li><p>Editing because you have to revise or reorganize the text.</p></li><li><p>Three actions that you can perform on selected text is copying, cutting, and pasting</p></li><li><p>A default format is a word processing program include many present formats.</p></li><li><p>You should save your work just incase you want to use it again and you also dont want to start all over again.</p></li><li><p>In a portrait orientation- text is printed in one or two directions. The text is printed down the pages long edge, creating a page that is taller than its wide.In a landscape- text is printed down the pages short edge, creating a page that is wider than it is tall...</p></li></ul>